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Flexor digitorum superficialis

Kiana Kia, Jonathan Sisley, Peter W Johnson, Jeong Ho Kim
This study investigated the relative impact of ultra-low travel keyboards on typing force, muscle activity, wrist posture, typing performance, and self-reported comfort/preference as compared to a conventional keyboard. In a repeated-measures laboratory-based study, 20 subjects were invited to type for 10 min on each of five keyboards with different travel distances of 0.5, 0.7, 1.2, 1.6 (ultra-low travel keyboards), and 2.0 mm (a conventional keyboard). During the typing sessions, we measured typing force; muscle activity in extrinsic finger muscles (flexor digitorum superficialis and extensor digitorum communis), shoulder (trapezius) and neck (splenius capitis); wrist posture; typing performance; and self-reported comfort/preference...
January 2019: Applied Ergonomics
C J Li, T Y Wang, J Y Cao, A L Huang, J F Wang, C G Ren, S P Chen, L J Wu
Objective: To analyze the influence of simulation mouse use motion under different wrist forcing postures on median nerve, tendons and ligaments in the carpal tunnel. Methods: From June to November in 2017, a total of 49 healthy volunteers [aged from 18 to 27 years, 24 males (48 cases of hands) and 25 females (50 cases of hands)] were selected in the Institute of Digitized Medicine and First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University.Three hand postures of the volunteers were simultaneously and continuously measured by using LOGIQ E9 ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus and Zebris foot pressure distribution measurement system...
November 20, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Alex Lima de Santos, Camila Gonzaga da Silva, Leticia Siqueira Sá de Barretto, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Franciozi, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki, Fernando Gonçalves de Almeida, Flavio Faloppa
The use of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells (ADSC) has been presented as a new alternative for tendon reconstruction. Have been admitted that ADSCs are related to better outcomes when used in tendon healing. This research was designed to apply the potential of ADSCs in tendon healing. Flexor digitorum superficialis tendon lesion was performed on both legs of eleven New Zealand rabbits and them, at the same time, treated as follows: suture alone (Group III - Suture, n:10), suture associated with ADSC (Group IV - Suture + ADSC, n:10) or without suture (Group II - SHAN, n:2)...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Sridhar P Arjunan, Dinesh K Kumar
Modelling and analysis of surface Electromyogram (sEMG) signal has gained increasing attention in bio-signal processing for medical and healthcare applications. This research reports the study to examine the complexity in surface electromyogram signal measured from different muscles to identify the properties of muscles. Experiments were conducted to study the properties of the four muscle groups representing four sizes in length and complexities: Zygomaticus (facial), biceps, quadriceps and flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS)...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Ahmad O Alokaily, Mathew Yarossi, Gerard G Fluet, Eugene Tunik, Sergei V Adamovich
Paired associative stimulation (PAS) has been shown to increase corticospinal excitability (CSE) providing a promising adjuvant therapeutic approach for stroke. Combining PAS with movement of the stimulated limb may further increase enhancement of CSE, however, individuals with moderate to severe stroke may not be able to engage in the necessary repetitive voluntary movements of the paretic limb. The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of contralaterally coordinated PAS (ccPAS) applied to the resting hand extensors during fast extension of the contralateral hand...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Na Zhang, Na Wei, Shouwei Yue, Xincheng Tian, Ke Li
This study aimed to examine the dynamical coordination across muscles during power grip at different force levels. Twenty-four healthy volunteers (12 males, 12 females) participated in this experiment. Subjects were instructed to grip a hydraulic hand dynamometer and produce forces at 30%, 50%, 70% Maximal Voluntary Contractions (MVC) for at least 10s, respectively. Surface electromyography (sEMG) signals were simultaneously recorded from eight muscles, including brachioradialis (BR), flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU), flexor carpi radialis (FCR), extensor digitorum communis (EDC), flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), abductor pollicis brevis (APB), first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM)...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Haibin Zeng, Na Wei, Shouwei Yue, Xincheng Tian, Ke Li
This study aimed to investigate the muscle synergy for hand motions of both the left and right hands based on surface electromyography (sEMG) signals. Six hand motions, including hand grasp (HG), four fingers flexion (FFF), index finger extension (IFE), thumb internal rotation (TIR), thumb opposition (TO), key pinch (KP), were examined in the experiment. The sEMG signals were recorded from brachioradialis (BRA), flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU), flexor carpi radialis (FCR), extensor digitorum communis (EDC), flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), abductor pollicis brevis (APB), first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) of both the left and right hands...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Min Kai Chang, Shian Chao Tay
BACKGROUND: Although flexor tendon injuries cause significant morbidities and socio-economic implications, there have been limited data on patient demographics, injury characteristics and surgical details. The aim of this study is to describe our experience in flexor tendon injuries and repairs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all digital flexor tendon injuries that were repaired from January 2011 to December 2014. The collected data included patient demographics, injury characteristics and surgical details...
December 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Blanca De Vega Sánchez, Rafael López Castro
An 83-year-old male who was a former smoker had pain on the left forearm accompanied with progressive swallowing in the last four to five months. Imaging studies revealed a cystic necrotic mass on the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle (biopsy: striated muscle tissue infiltrated by an adenocarcinoma). A whole-body computerized tomography (CT) scan demonstrates the presence of two lung masses that were suspicious of malignancy. Diagnosed as having stage IV lung adenocarcinoma (cT4NxM1b, IASLC TNM 8th [3]), he received chemotherapy with a carboplatin/pemetrexed-based regimen and local palliative radiation for the control of arm pain...
November 29, 2017: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Sandy C Takata, Shawn C Roll
Musculoskeletal sonography is being widely used for evaluation of structures within the carpal tunnel. While some anatomical variants, such as bifurcated median nerves and persistent median arteries, have been well documented, limited literature describes the sonographic appearance of aberrant muscle bellies within the carpal tunnel. Multiple examples of the sonographic appearance of flexor digitorum superficialis and lumbrical muscle bellies extending into the carpal tunnel are provided. Techniques for static image acquisition and analysis are discussed, and the use of dynamic imaging to confirm which specific muscle belly is involved is described...
2018: Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography: JDMS
Matthew J Zdilla, Paula Pacurari, Tyler J Celuck, Reed C Andrews, H Wayne Lambert
Gantzer muscles are variant muscles in the anterior forearm inserting into the flexor pollicis longus or, less often, the flexor digitorum profundus. The presence of Gantzer muscles can cause a compressive neuropathy affecting the anterior interosseous nerve (Kiloh-Nevin syndrome). These muscles must also be considered when anterior forearm fasciotomies are performed for the management of acute compartment syndrome. In this case report, a novel Gantzer muscle originated from the flexor digitorum superficialis as well as the investing fascia of the brachialis muscle; the latter site is a novel proximal attachment not previously reported...
October 31, 2018: Anatomical Science International
Yen-Ting Chen, Shengai Li, Elaine Magat, Ping Zhou, Sheng Li
The phenomenon of exaggerated motor overflow is well documented in stroke survivors with spasticity. However, the mechanism underlying the abnormal motor overflow remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the possible mechanisms behind abnormal motor overflow and its possible relations with post-stroke spasticity. 11 stroke patients (63.6 ± 6.4 yrs; 4 women) and 11 healthy subjects (31.18 ± 6.18 yrs; 2 women) were recruited. All of them were asked to perform unilateral isometric elbow flexion at submaximal levels (10, 30, and 60% of maximum voluntary contraction)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Mineyuki Zukawa, Ryusuke Osada, Hiroto Makino, Tomoatsu Kimura
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcome of the wide-awake tendon reconstruction for chronic rupture of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon with evaluation of the voluntary active contraction distance (ACD) of the ruptured musculotendinous unit. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients underwent tendon reconstruction under wide-awake surgery for chronic tendon rupture of the FPL. If the total of the passive distraction distance (PDD) and the ACD of the ruptured FPL musculotendinous unit was greater than 30 mm, tendon grafting was performed...
October 10, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Danielle S Morel, Pedro J Marín, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Carla F Dionello, Mario Bernardo-Filho
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of whole-body vibration exercises (WBVE) in different positions on muscular activity of flexor digitorum superficialis (FD), wrist extensor (ED), and handgrip strength (HG) of healthy men. Fifteen participants have performed 5 test sets each one consisting of HG strength measurement and 1-minute WBVE intervention (frequency: 50 Hz, amplitude: 1.53 mm, synchronous tri-planar oscillating/vibratory platform), that could be control (no exposition to vibration), squat (30 seconds of rest and 30 seconds of WBVE in squat position), or push-up (30 seconds of rest, and 30 seconds of WBVE in push-up position)...
October 2018: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Daniel R Ballesteros, Pedro L Forero, Luis E Ballesteros
BACKGROUND: The accessory head of the flexor pollicis longus (AHFPL) has an oblique trajectory from medial to lateral aspect of the forearm below the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle and then joins the flexor pollicis longus muscle. When the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) courses underneath the muscle belly of the AHFPL an entrapment neuropathy may occur, known as anterior interosseous nerve syndrome (AINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study evaluated 106 fresh upper extremities...
October 9, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Nabiollah Bakhtiari, Iman Dianat, Moein Nedaei
The effects of five different handle shapes of masons' trowels on muscle activity of the arm and forearm muscles (through electromyographic [EMG] measurements of the biceps brachii [BB], flexor digitorum superficialis [FDS], pronator teres [PT] and extensor carpi ulnaris [ECU]) were evaluated in a simulated masonry task. The results showed a significant effect of handle shape on the muscle activity of the BB, PT and ECU. The muscle activity of the extensor (ECU) and flexor (FDS) were generally larger than those of the supinator (BB) and pronator (PT)...
October 1, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Edie Benedito Caetano, Luiz Angelo Vieira, João José Sabongi Neto, Maurício Benedito Ferreira Caetano, Rodrigo Guerra Sabongi
Objective: The goal of this study was to describe anatomical variations and clinical implications of anterior interosseous nerve. In complete anterior interosseous nerve palsy, the patient is unable to flex the distal phalanx of the thumb and index finger; in incomplete anterior interosseous nerve palsy, there is less axonal damage, and either the thumb or the index finger are affected. Methods: This study was based on the dissection of 50 limbs of 25 cadavers, 22 were male and three, female...
September 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Ye Jiang, Li Wang, Jie Lao, Xin Zhao
Contralateral C7 (cC7) root transfer to the healthy side is the main method for the treatment of brachial plexus root injury. A relatively new modification of this method involves cC7 root transfer to the lower trunk via the prespinal route. In the current study, we examined the effectiveness of this method using electrophysiological and histological analyses. To this end, we used a rat model of total brachial plexus injury, and cC7 root transfer was performed to either the lower trunk via the prespinal route or the median nerve via a subcutaneous tunnel to repair the injury...
November 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Nagarajan Manickaraj, Leanne M Bisset, Justin J Kavanagh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate forearm muscle activity in individuals with lateral epicondylalgia (LE) when gripping at different wrist postures, and investigate the association between muscle activity and clinical characteristics of LE. METHODS: Eleven LE and 11 healthy participants performed isometric handgrips at 15% and 30% of maximum grip force (MVC). Gripping was performed in wrist extension, wrist flexion, and wrist neutral. Surface electromyography was collected from six forearm muscles...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Paul J Choi, Chidinma Nwaogbe, Joe Iwanaga, Georgi P Georgiev, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Introduction A reoperation for a cubital tunnel syndrome is not uncommon. Patients often complain of sensorimotor symptoms in the ulnar nerve distribution after their primary surgery. The documented etiologies for such a phenomenon include a "new" kinking of the distal ulnar nerve and a "new" compression of the ulnar nerve by the fascial septum in between or tendinous bands over the muscles of the forearm. The deep fascial plane along which the ulnar nerve travels in the forearm has had scant attention...
June 19, 2018: Curēus
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