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psychometric test

Allison J Burbank, Krista Todoric, Pamela Steele, Jonathan Rosen, Haibo Zhou, Marcia Frye, Ceila E Loughlin, Sally Ivins, Katherine Mills, Lauren Dembnicki Massey, Bryce B Reeve, Michelle L Hernandez
BACKGROUND: The Asthma Control Test (ACT) is widely used to assess asthma control, yet the validity and reliability of the test have not been specifically evaluated in adolescents or African-Americans. We conducted a prospective psychometric study of the ACT in African-American (AA) and non-African-American (nAA) adolescents with persistent asthma, with emphasis on the clinical utility of the test for medical decision making. METHODS: Participants completed the ACT and performed spirometry...
August 15, 2018: Respiratory Research
Alexis Siren, Kristin Cleverley, Gillian Strudwick, Sarah Brennenstuhl
INTRODUCTION: The Physical Health Attitude Scale (PHASe) tool was developed to better understand mental health nurses' attitudes towards their involvement and confidence in physical health care. This tool has been used in the United Kingdom and Australia; however, it has not been used in Canada. AIM: This study aims to modify and provide an initial psychometric evaluation of the PHASe tool for use in a Canadian mental health and addictions context. METHODS: In Phase 1, clinical experts (n = 8) were consulted to provide feedback on the content and face validity of the PHASe tool...
August 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Sun Jae Moon, Jin Seub Hwang, Jae Yup Kim, Ah Lahm Shin, Seung Min Bae, Jung Won Kim
This article performs a systemic review of psychometric properties of Internet Addiction Test (IAT)-the most widely used tool for assessing Internet addiction in clinic and research field. Studies measuring psychometric properties of IAT (original version) were searched through MEDLINE, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, and Embase. A total of 25 studies including 18,421 subjects were reviewed in our study. Based on meta-analysis for internal consistency, the pooled Cronbach's alpha coefficient from college/university students with a single department subgroup was 0...
August 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Dylan K Richards, Reyna P Puentes, Rubi Gonzales, Juliana Cardoso Smith, Craig A Field, Osvaldo F Morera
Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) are most commonly defined as behaviors that are used while drinking to reduce alcohol use and/or limit alcohol-related problems. Few studies have examined and quantified PBS use among non-college student populations. The purpose of the present two studies was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Protective Behavioral Strategies Scale-20 (PBSS-20; Treloar, Martens, & McCarthy, 2015) among internet samples of adult drinkers. In the first study, we conducted an exploratory factor analysis of the PBSS-20 with a sample ( n  = 360) of adult drinkers who were recruited from Mechanical Turk...
December 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Thomas M Olino, Megan Finsaas, Lea R Dougherty, Daniel N Klein
There are numerous empirical studies demonstrating that agreement between parent-reports of youth and youth self-reports of internalizing behavior problems is modest at best. This has spurred much research on factors that influence the magnitude of associations between informants, including individual difference characteristics of the informants and contexts through which individuals interact with the child. There is also tremendous interest in understanding symptom trajectories longitudinally. However, each of these lines of work are predicated on the assumptions that the psychometric construct that is being assessed from each informant and at each measurement occasion is the same...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sam Norton, Benjamin Ellis, Beatriz Santana Suárez, Samana Schwank, Ray Fitzpatrick, Andrew Price, James Galloway
Objectives: The Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire (MSK-HQ) is a recently developed Patient Reported Outcome Measure for use across patients with musculoskeletal conditions. This study provides a validation of the MSK-HQ examining construct validity and reliability in inflammatory arthritis. Methods: 287 adults with inflammatory arthritis completed the MSK-HQ and other Patient Reported Outcome Measures at baseline and after 3 months. Construct validity was assessed using item response theory methods...
August 10, 2018: Rheumatology
Arianna Magon, Cristina Arrigoni, Tiziana Roveda, Paola Grimoldi, Federica Dellafiore, Marco Moia, Kehinde O Obamiro, Rosario Caruso
INTRODUCTION: Oral Anticoagulation therapy (OAC) is highly effective in the management of thromboembolic disorders. An adequate level of knowledge is important for self-management and optimizing clinical outcomes. The Anticoagulation Knowledge Tool (AKT) was developed to assess OAC knowledge and caters for both patients prescribed direct oral anticoagulants or vitamin K antagonist (VKA). However, evidence regarding its psychometric proprieties, validity and reliability are unavailable in non-English speaking settings...
2018: PloS One
Dean M Busby, Hsin-Yao Chiu, Nathan D Leonhardt, Emilie Iliff
The purpose of this study is to discuss the need for a new triadic model of sexual passion in relationships and to present the preliminary psychometric properties of a scale designed to measure these three approaches to passion (harmonious, obsessive, and inhibited) for use in clinical and scholarly work. Existing theory and measures of general passion are based on a dualistic model of passion that includes the harmonious and obsessive approaches to passion. We added the inhibited approach to passion from the sexuality research and develop measures for assessing sexual passion in relationships...
August 14, 2018: Family Process
Joah R Madden, Ellis J G Langley, Mark A Whiteside, Christine E Beardsworth, Jayden O van Horik
Cognitive abilities probably evolve through natural selection if they provide individuals with fitness benefits. A growing number of studies demonstrate a positive relationship between performance in psychometric tasks and (proxy) measures of fitness. We assayed the performance of 154 common pheasant ( Phasianus colchicus ) chicks on tests of acquisition and reversal learning, using a different set of chicks and different set of cue types (spatial location and colour) in each of two years and then followed their fates after release into the wild...
September 26, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Christoph J Völter, Brandon Tinklenberg, Josep Call, Amanda M Seed
Cognitive abilities cannot be measured directly. What we can measure is individual variation in task performance. In this paper, we first make the case for why we should be interested in mapping individual differences in task performance onto particular cognitive abilities: we suggest that it is crucial for examining the causes and consequences of variation both within and between species. As a case study, we examine whether multiple measures of inhibitory control for non-human animals do indeed produce correlated task performance; however, no clear pattern emerges that would support the notion of a common cognitive ability underpinning individual differences in performance...
September 26, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Neeltje J Boogert, Joah R Madden, Julie Morand-Ferron, Alex Thornton
Individuals vary in their cognitive performance. While this variation forms the foundation of the study of human psychometrics, its broader importance is only recently being recognized. Explicitly acknowledging this individual variation found in both humans and non-human animals provides a novel opportunity to understand the mechanisms, development and evolution of cognition. The papers in this special issue highlight the growing emphasis on individual cognitive differences from fields as diverse as neurobiology, experimental psychology and evolutionary biology...
September 26, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Parvaneh Vasli
PURPOSE: This study aimed to offer a translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric testing of the Perception of Family-Centered Care-Staff (PFCC-S) and Perception of Family-Centered Care-Parents (PFCC-P) questionnaires for use in pediatric nursing in Iran. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was comprised of six steps. The first five steps included the preparation, forward translation, reconciliation, back translation, and back translation review of the translated questionnaires...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Katrin Wacker, Keith H Baratz, William M Bourne, Sanjay V Patel
PURPOSE: Measuring patient-reported visual disability in Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) may be helpful in determining when to intervene and for understanding the outcomes of intervention. In this study, we aimed to validate a new patient-reported visual disability questionnaire, the Visual Function and Corneal Health Status (V-FUCHS) instrument, in FECD before and after endothelial keratoplasty (EK). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with instrument readministration at 6 weeks...
August 10, 2018: Ophthalmology
Jane Simpson, Gerasimos Chatzidamianos, Ian Fletcher, Luis Perpetuo, Fiona J R Eccles
INTRODUCTION: Perceived control is an important concept in understanding adjustment to chronic conditions such as Parkinson's. While generic measures have been used to measure the construct in Parkinson's, no Parkinson's-specific scale currently exists. This study outlines the initial development and further validation of a free-to-use scale, the Parkinson's UK Scale of Perceived Control (PUKSoPC). METHOD: Focus groups were used to create items for the new scale...
August 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Jing Xu, Juan Liu, Xianghong Sun, Kan Zhang, Weina Qu, Yan Ge
Most road accidents are caused by human factors alone or in combination with other factors. Deficits in driving skill are a human factor that contributes to accidents. It is important to focus on driving skills to reduce traffic accidents and enhance safe driving. In this study, we adopted a Chinese version of the Driver Skill Inventory (DSI) and explored its correlation with driving behaviors, sociodemographic factors and personality. A total of 295 licensed drivers voluntarily completed a survey that covered the DSI, the Driver Behavior Questionnaire, the Positive Driver Behavior Scale, self-reported traffic accidents, penalty points and fines, the Big Five Inventory, and sociodemographic parameters...
August 10, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Eun-Ji Seo, Jeong-Ah Ahn, Laura L Hayman, Chun-Ja Kim
PURPOSE: This study examined whether depressive symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behaviors mediate the association between perceived stress and quality of life (QoL) in university students. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey, Korean university students (N = 187, M age = 23.97 years; 54.0% female) completed structured questionnaires with psychometric adequacy. A parallel multiple mediation model was used to test the mediating effect of depressive symptoms and health-promoting lifestyle behaviors on the relationship between perceived stress and QoL...
August 10, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Elisa Rachel Pisani Altafim, Dana Charles McCoy, Alexandra Brentani, Ana Maria de Ulhôa Escobar, Sandra J F E Grisi, Günther Fink
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to analyze the psychometric properties and general validity of the Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments (CREDI) short form for the population-level assessment of early childhood development for Brazilian children under age 3. METHOD: The study analyzed the acceptability, test-retest reliability, internal consistency and discriminant validity of the CREDI short-form tool. The study also analyzed the concurrent validity of the CREDI with a direct observational measure (Inter-American Development Bank's Regional Project on Child Development Indicators; PRIDI)...
August 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Jorge Javier Ricarte, Eva Aizpurúa, Laura Ros, José Miguel Latorre, Filip Raes
Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is considered a transdiagnostic variable underlying common symptoms (e.g., depressed mood) across various mood disorders. Depressive rumination is one typical and frequent manifestation of RNT and is a well-known vulnerability factor of depression onset, maintenance and recurrence. Due to the time-related constraints in assessment settings and the association of rumination on sadness with diagnosis of depression, the rapid identification of individuals scoring high on this construct may become a useful screening tool in non-clinical samples...
August 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Puneet Khanna, Ravinder Kumar Pandey, Chandralekha Chandralekha, Ankur Sharma, Neha Pangasa
Background and Objectives: Pain assessment of nonverbal, critically ill patients continues to present a challenge in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) rates critically ill patients' pain based on clinical observation. In the present study, the accuracy of CPOT was compared with physiological indicators of pain in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients. Methods: This quantitative prospective observational study was conducted to assess pain in the critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients in comparison to physiologic indicators such as blood pressure and heart rate...
July 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Michael Evangeli
Globally, there are nearly 2 million HIV positive children, many of whom are adolescents. The majority have perinatally acquired HIV. A key challenge for this population is communicating about HIV to meet emotional and practical needs. Despite evidence of its benefits, HIV communication in adolescents with HIV is rare. To enhance HIV communication, individuals' beliefs may need to be taken into account. There is no measure of beliefs about HIV communication for adolescents living with HIV. A seven-item measure of HIV communication beliefs was developed and administered to 66 adolescents with HIV in the UK (39 female; aged 12-16 years)...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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