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Soft contact lens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221708/daily-versus-monthly-disposable-contact-lens-which-is-better-for-ocular-surface-physiology-and-comfort
#1
Kishor Sapkota, Sandra Franco, Madalena Lira
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of soft contact lenses (SCL) wearing modality and lens materials on the changes in conjunctival bulbar and limbal redness and conjunctival and corneal staining after two months of SCL wear. Comfort level was also analyzed. METHODS: In this longitudinal clinical trial, forty-seven neophyte myopic subjects were fitted with a monthly disposable lens (lotrafilcon-B or comfilcon-A or balafilcon-A) in one eye and a daily disposable lens (nelfilcon-A or stenofilcon-A or nesofilcon-A) in the other eye, randomly selected...
December 5, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219898/orthokeratology-and-contact-lens-quality-of-life-questionnaire-ocl-qol
#2
Colm McAlinden, Michael Lipson
OBJECTIVES: To develop a quality of life (QoL) instrument for patients fitted with Orthokeratology (OrthoK) and other modalities of contact lenses. METHODS: A 45-item pilot questionnaire was developed from an extensive literature review, focus groups, and interviews. Subsequently, 234 participants fitted with contact lenses (OrthoK, soft lenses, and gas permeable lenses) or spectacles completed the pilot questionnaire. Rasch analysis was used to assess the psychometric properties in terms of person separation, item fit statistics, category threshold ordering, differential item functioning (DIF), and targeting...
December 5, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217022/focal-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency-associated-with-soft-contact-lens-wear
#3
Karolien Termote, Steven Schendel, Gregory Moloney, Simon P Holland, Alex P Lange
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with contact lens-associated focal limbal stem cell deficiency (FLSCD) from a tertiary corneal referral centre. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series in a tertiary care centre. METHODS: Patients with contact lens-associated FLCSD were identified in our database. Clinical data were retrieved by chart review. A questionnaire asking for contact lens brand, type, cleaning solution, and duration of contact lens wear was sent to the patients with telephone follow-up...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213204/in-vitro-release-of-two-anti-muscarinic-drugs-from-soft-contact-lenses
#4
Alex Hui, Magdalena Bajgrowicz-Cieslak, Chau-Minh Phan, Lyndon Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate the release of the anti-myopia drugs atropine sulfate and pirenzepine dihydrochloride from commercially available soft contact lenses. Standard ultraviolet (UV) absorbance-concentration curves were generated for atropine and pirenzepine. Ten commercially available contact lenses, including four multifocal lenses, were loaded by soaking in atropine or pirenzepine solutions at two different concentrations (10 mg/mL and 1 mg/mL). The release of the drugs into phosphate-buffered saline was determined over the course of 24 hours at 34°C using UV absorbance...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204707/ocular-surface-and-tear-film-status-among-contact-lens-wearers-and-non-wearers-who-use-vdt-at-work-comparing-three-different-lens-types
#5
Ana Tauste, Elena Ronda, Valborg Baste, Magne Bråtveit, Bente E Moen, María-Del-Mar Seguí Crespo
PURPOSE: To analyze differences in the ocular surface appearance and tear film status of contact lens wearers and non-wearers in a group of visual display terminals (VDT) workers and additionally to assess differences between lens materials. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 236 office workers, of whom 92 were contact lens wearers. Workers provided information on their contact lenses (conventional hydrogel, silicone hydrogel or rigid gas permeable lenses) and exposure to VDT at work...
December 4, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162075/the-antibiofilm-efficacy-of-nitric-oxide-on-soft-contact-lenses
#6
Dong Ju Kim, Joo-Hee Park, Marth Kim, Choul Yong Park
BACKGROUND: To investigate the antibiofilm efficacy of nitric oxide (NO) on soft contact lenses. METHODS: Nitrite (NO precursor) release from various concentrations (0-1000 μM) of sodium nitrite (NaNO2, NO donor) was measured by Griess Assay. Cell viability assay was performed using human corneal epithelial cell under various concentration (0-1000 μM) of NaNO2. Biofilm formation on soft contact lenses was achieved by adding Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa to the culture media...
November 21, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135738/efficacy-of-rebamipide-instillation-for-contact-lens-discomfort-with-dry-eye
#7
Tsutomu Igarashi, Maika Kobayashi, Chiemi Yaguchi, Chiaki Fujimoto, Hisaharu Suzuki, Hiroshi Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of rebamipide ophthalmic solution on the symptoms, signs, and cytokine concentrations in tear fluid among soft contact lens (SCL) wearers with Dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: From November 2015 to June 2017, this open-label, single-arm study examined 40 eyes of 20 SCL wearers with DED who had been using daily disposable SCLs for >3 months (mean age, 30.0±8.33 years; range, 20-47 years). Signs, symptoms, and cytokine concentrations were assessed before and 4 weeks after starting 2% rebamipide ophthalmic solution 4 times/day...
November 10, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119310/on-the-regional-variability-of-averaged-cell-area-estimates-for-the-human-corneal-endothelium-in-relation-to-the-extent-of-polymegethism
#8
M J Doughty
PURPOSE: To assess variability in the coefficient of variation (COV) in cell area estimates when using different numbers of cells for endothelial morphometry. METHODS: Using non-contact specular microscopy images of the corneal endothelium, 4 sets of 20 cases were selected that included 200 cells and had overall (global) COV values of less than 30 (group 1), 31-40 (group 2), 41-50 (group 3) and over 50% (group 4). Subjects could be normal, or had ophthalmic disease (such as diabetes), a history of rigid or soft contact lens wear or were assessed after cataract surgery...
November 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116965/mechanical-properties-of-contact-lens-materials
#9
Eon Kim, Mou Saha, Klaus Ehrmann
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mechanical properties of commonly available soft contact lens materials and compare results using custom-built MicroTensometer. METHODS: The Young modulus, parameters for stress relaxation, and toughness of 18 types of single vision soft contact lenses were measured using custom-built MicroTensometer. Five lenses of each type were soaked in standard phosphate buffered saline and measured at a temperature of 35°C. Each lens was flattened and sliced into a rectangular strip sample using two parallel blades...
November 7, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074305/scleral-lens-after-intracorneal-ring-segments-in-patients-with-keratoconus
#10
Varsha M Rathi, Preeji S Mandathara, Srikanth Dumpati, Virender S Sangwan
BACKGROUND: To report the use of scleral lens (ScCL) to improve vision in patients having keratoconus who had intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) surgery. METHODS: Two eyes of two keratoconus patients fitted with ScCL (PROSE - prosthetic replacement of the ocular surface ecosystem, USA) after having undergone ICRS surgery are reported as noncomparative interventional case series. The ICRS implanted were INTACs and kerarings. Indications, visual acuity with ScCL, complications and follow-up are reported...
October 24, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054722/the-eyelids-and-tear-film-in-contact-lens-discomfort
#11
Jaya Sowjanya Siddireddy, Ajay Kumar Vijay, Jacqueline Tan, Mark Willcox
PURPOSE: To investigate characteristics of the eyelid margins, meibomian glands and the tear film of contact lens wearers, and to determine whether these characteristics were related to symptoms of contact lens discomfort. METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed on thirty existing daily wear soft contact lens wearers (6 male; 24 female) with median age of 23 years (range 18-41). Eyelid signs and tear film characteristics were evaluated during a single visit and subjects completed the contact lens and dry eye questionnaire (CLDEQ-8) to evaluate ocular discomfort...
October 17, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053555/case-series-analysis-of-myopic-progression-control-with-a-unique-extended-depth-of-focus-multifocal-contact-lens
#12
Jeffrey Cooper, Brett OʼConnor, Ronald Watanabe, Randall Fuerst, Sharon Berger, Nadine Eisenberg, Sally M Dillehay
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of myopia progression in children fit with a commercially available extended depth of focus (center distance) multifocal soft contact lens with attributes theoretically expected to slow the progression of myopia. METHODS: A retrospective case series analysis of 32 patients (ages 6-19 years, mean 10.98±2.95) from 10 practice locations was performed. At initial presentation, 44% wore spectacles, 37.5% spherical soft contact lenses, 15...
October 19, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033270/a-survey-of-contact-lens-related-complications-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#13
Weiwei Li, Xuguang Sun, Zhiqun Wang, Yang Zhang
PURPOSE: To describe the type of complications related to contact lens (CL) wear in a tertiary hospital in XX, China. METHODS: A retrospective study of 141 patients who complained discomfort after wearing contact lens on an outpatient basis of XX Hospital were conducted from the January 2012 to December 2015. The data included patients' demographics, lens type, history, slit-lamp examination, reports of corneal scrapings, culture, and examination of in vivo confocal microscopy...
October 12, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017826/disability-glare-in-soft-multifocal-contact-lenses
#14
Siegfried Wahl, Luise Fornoff, G Alex Ochakovski, Arne Ohlendorf
PURPOSE: The study investigated the effect of the design of multifocal contact lenses on the sensitivity to contrast and disability glare. METHODS: Contrast sensitivity was measured in 16 young adults (mean age: 25.5±2.5years) at a distance of 2m under two conditions: no-glare and glare. Two designs (Center Near and Center Distance) of the Biofinity soft contact lens were used to simulate correction for presbyopes, while a correction with single vision trial lenses and contact lenses acted as controls...
October 7, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993070/the-effect-of-soft-contact-lens-thickness-in-visual-function-after-intracorneal-ring-segments-surgery
#15
G Carracedo, J Canales, P Gonzalez, A Rechionni, C Carpena-Torres, J Carballo-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of soft contact lens (SCL) central thickness and material in keratoconus on visual function after intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) surgery. METHODS: A pilot, experimental, prospective, cross-sectional and double-blind study was performed. Fourteen keratoconus patients with age range of 34.75±9.22years (7 males and 7 females) with ICRS implanted were involved in the study. Two different SCL materials [Hioxifilcon A (G-5X/p-GMA/HEMA) and Lucifilcon A (silicone-hydrogel)] with four different central thicknesses (0...
October 6, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968299/contact-lens-compliance-with-ophthalmologists-and-other-health-professionals
#16
Ayse Guzin Taslipinar Uzel, Mehmet Murat Uzel, Nilay Yuksel, Emine Kalkan Akcay
PURPOSE: To assess the compliance with contact lens (CL) use among ophthalmologists and other health professionals, and to identify the main noncompliant behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional, comparative study was designed for soft CL wearers. Twenty-five ophthalmologists, 24 medical doctors other than ophthalmologists, 20 nurses (health professionals), and 52 lay people (members of the public) subjects were included in the interview. The compliance rate for each behavior were determined and compared...
September 29, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965795/acanthamoeba-keratitis-in-noncompliant-soft-contact-lenses-users-genotyping-and-risk-factors-a-study-from-cairo-egypt
#17
Eman E Taher, Eman M H Méabed, Islam Abdallah, Wafaa Y Abdel Wahed
Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a severe corneal infection that may occur as a serious outcome of improper use of contact lenses (CL). OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to diagnose AK in soft CL users presenting with infectious keratitis, and to identify the prevalent genotypes isolated from different cases. Another aim was to determine the CL hygiene-related risk behaviors, and to explore the risk of water exposure for developing AK. METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953599/evaluation-of-pigment-distribution-and-depth-analysis-methods-for-decorative-soft-contact-lenses
#18
Yusuke Nomura, Hitomi Toida, Chie Fukui, Shigemi Kai, Ryusuke Nakaoka, Reiko Kato, Miyuki Uematsu, Koichi Ono, Atsushi Kanai, Yuji Haishima
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates pigment component distribution and depth in decorative soft contact lenses (DSCLs) using a variety of analytical methods. METHODS: We sampled 18 DSCLs using optical microscopy, optical coherence tomography analysis, Z-stack analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX), and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) to evaluate the distribution and depth of pigment components...
September 26, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952979/intermediate-term-outcomes-of-early-posttrabeculectomy-bleb-leaks-managed-by-large-diameter-soft-bandage-contact-lens
#19
SriRamani Gollakota, Chandra S Garudadri, Ashik Mohamed, Sirisha Senthil
PURPOSE: To study the outcomes of large diameter soft bandage contact lens (BCL) in managing early trabeculectomy bleb leak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 972 eyes that underwent fornix-based trabeculectomy between 2011 and 2015, 19 eyes with bleb leak with at least 1 year follow-up were eligible. Bleb leak was conservatively managed using large diameter BCL (≥15.5 mm in diameter). Success was defined as complete, if bleb leak resolved and the intraocular pressure (IOP) was ≥5 and ≤18 mm Hg with no additional antiglaucoma medication and failure if surgical intervention was needed...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952168/contact-lens-trends-over-three-decades-in-a-hospital-based-practice-in-india
#20
Rajni Rajan, Rajeswari Mahadevan, Ann Mary Thomas, Pradipta Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Contact lens fittings in a hospital-based practice are different from those in private practices because of specialised conditions. Few studies have been published on material preferences of such wearers, especially in long-term wearers. The aim of this study is to document contact lens prescribing trends in a hospital-based practice among long-term lens wearers and to identify their demographic profile. METHODS: Subjects reporting to a contact lens clinic of a tertiary eye-care centre in India from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2014, with a minimum of five years of lens wear, were included in the study...
September 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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