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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719538/misight-assessment-study-spain-a-comparison-of-vision-related-quality-of-life-measures-between-misight-contact-lenses-and-single-vision-spectacles
#1
Alicia Ruiz Pomeda, Belén Pérez-Sánchez, Maria Del Pilar Cañadas Suárez, Francisco Luis Prieto Garrido, Ramón Gutiérrez-Ortega, César Villa-Collar
OBJECTIVES: Recent research has shown that concentric contact lenses (CLs) can be a way to control the progression of myopia. The purpose of the current study was to compare vision-related quality-of-life measures in children wearing distance single-vision (SV) spectacles versus MiSight CLs, a specific concentric design for myopia control. METHODS: Subjects aged 8 to 12 with myopia from -0.75 to -4.00 diopters (D) of sphere and astigmatism less than 1.00 D of cylinder were allocated to the lenses study group (MiSight) or control group (SV)...
July 14, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718904/autologous-serum-eye-drops-and-enhanced-epithelial-healing-time-after-photorefractive-keratectomy
#2
Hanife Tuba Akcam, Metin Unlu, Emine Esra Karaca, Hulya Yazici, Bahri Aydin, Ahmet Murad Hondur
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to test whether use of autologous serum eye-drops can provide earlier epithelial healing following the application of photorefractive keratectomy. METHOD: Sixty patients (60 eyes) underwent photorefractive keratectomy for myopia. Thirty eyes received autologous serum drops (Study group) while 30 eyes received conventional artificial tears (Control group) after photorefractive keratectomy. An 8 mm epithelial opening was prepared with the application of 18 per cent alcohol for 20 seconds...
July 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718190/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-myopia-in-children-and-adolescents-in-germany-results-of-the-kiggs-survey
#3
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Roman Pokora, Michael S Urschitz
Purpose To determine the population prevalence and risk factors of myopia in children and adolescents in Germany. Methods The prevalence of myopia in Germany was computed using data from the 2003-2006 German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (N=17 640, 49% girls). Status of myopia was derived from parental questionnaire responses for myopia and the use of spectacles. Potential risk factors were identified using directed acyclic graphs and evaluated using multivariable logistic regression analysis...
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716601/changes-in-refractive-status-in-an-elderly-chinese-population-in-a-7-year-follow-up-the-shihpai-eye-study
#4
Tung-Mei Kuang, Su-Ying Tsai, Catherine Jiu-Ling Liu, Yu-Chieh Ko, Shui-Mei Lee, Pesus Chou
BACKGROUND: Refractive error is the major cause of moderate and severe visual impairment. Visual impairment limits people's ability to perform daily tasks and affects their quality of life. Longitudinal data on the refractive status of the elderly was available only for whites and Africans. The purpose of this study was to report the 7-year incidence of myopia, hyperopia and refractive error change as well as their associated risk factors in a metropolitan elderly Chinese population. METHODS: The Shihpai Eye Study 2006 included 460/824 (55...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716114/visumax-femtolasik-versus-moria-m2-microkeratome-in-mild-to-moderate-myopia-efficacy-safety-predictability-aberrometric-changes-and-flap-thickness-predictability
#5
Magda A Torky, Yousif A Al Zafiri, Abeer M Khattab, Rania K Farag, Eman A Awad
INTRODUCTION: This is an interventional prospective clinical study which was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, safety, predictability, ocular aberrations, and flap thickness predictability of Visumax femtosecond laser (FSL) compared to Moria M2 microkeratome (MK) in mild to moderate myopia. METHODS: This study included 60 eyes who were divided into two groups. Thirty eyes in group (I) in which the flap was created with Visumax FSL, while in group II (30 eyes) the Moria M2 MK was used...
July 17, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715591/choriocapillaris-flow-in-myopia
#6
Richard F Spaide
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715588/caucasian-families-exhibit-significant-linkage-of-myopia-to-chromosome-11p
#7
Anthony M Musolf, Claire L Simpson, Bilal A Moiz, Kyle A Long, Laura Portas, Federico Murgia, Elise B Ciner, Dwight Stambolian, Joan E Bailey-Wilson
Purpose: Myopia is a common visual disorder caused by eye overgrowth, resulting in blurry vision. It affects one in four Americans, and its prevalence is increasing. The genetic mechanisms that underpin myopia are not completely understood. Here, we use genotype data and linkage analyses to identify high-risk genetic loci that are significantly linked to myopia. Methods: Individuals from 56 Caucasian families with a history of myopia were genotyped on an exome-based array, and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data were merged with microsatellite genotype data...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714215/maurice-kh-yap-academic-administrator-innovator-in-myopia-research-and-public-health
#8
George C Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711218/significant-axial-elongation-with-minimal-change-in-refraction-in-3-to-6-year-old-chinese-preschoolers-the-shenzhen-kindergarten-eye-study
#9
Xinxing Guo, Min Fu, Xiaohu Ding, Ian G Morgan, Yangfa Zeng, Mingguang He
PURPOSE: To document the distribution of ocular biometry and to evaluate its associations with refraction in a group of Chinese preschoolers. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1133 preschoolers 3 to 6 years of age from 8 representative kindergartens. METHODS: Biometric measurements including axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and corneal radius of curvature (CR) were obtained from partial-coherence laser interferometry (IOL Master; Carl Zeiss Meditec, Oberkochen, Germany) before cycloplegia...
July 13, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710187/utility-of-microscope-integrated-optical-coherence-tomography-mioct-in-the-treatment-of-myopic-macular-hole-retinal-detachment
#10
Atul Kumar, Prateek Kakkar, Raghav Dinesh Ravani, Ashish Markan
Macular hole-associated retinal detachment in high myopia is described as a final stage in progression of myopic traction maculopathy (MTM).(1â€"3) Shimada et al(4) described the progressive stages of MTM from macular retinoschisis to serous retinal detachment in high myopia. Stage 4 MTM is characterised as disappearance of retinoschisis with progression to retinal detachment due to macular hole formation. It is hypothesised that vitreoschisis and abnormal vitreo-retinal interface create the premacular tangential traction...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702951/the-prevalence-of-refractive-errors-among-adult-rural-populations-in-iran
#11
Hassan Hashemi, Payam Nabovati, Abbasali Yekta, Fereshteh Shokrollahzadeh, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the prevalence of myopia and hyperopia and related factors in underserved rural areas in Iran. METHODS: Under random cluster sampling, two rural regions were randomly selected in the north and southwest of the country, and 3,061 persons over 15 years of age were invited into the study. After selecting samples, all participants had refraction, measurement of uncorrected vision and visual acuity and ocular health examination by slitlamp biomicroscopy...
July 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697750/association-of-lifestyle-and-body-structure-to-ocular-axial-length-in-japanese-elementary-school-children
#12
Hiroto Terasaki, Takehiro Yamashita, Naoya Yoshihara, Yuya Kii, Taiji Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the lifestyle and body stature are significantly associated with the axial length (AL) of the eyes of Japanese third grade students. METHODS: A prospective, cross sectional, observational study was performed on 122 third grade students consisting of 61 boys and 61 girls ages 8 to 9 years. The AL, body height, body weight, and body mass index (BMI) were measured. The lifestyle was determined by activities such as the daily duration of indoor studying, television viewing, use of computers and smart phones, outdoor activity time, bed time, Japanese or Western dietary habits, and parental myopia were investigated by a questionnaire with three or five grade levels...
July 12, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696042/reduced-vision-in-highly-myopic-eyes-without-ocular-pathology-the-zoc-bhvi-high-myopia-study
#13
Monica Jong, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Wayne Li, Serge Resnikoff, Kovin Naidoo, Mingguang He
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the relationship of the magnitude of myopia with visual acuity in highly myopic eyes without ocular pathology. METHODS: Twelve hundred and ninety-two highly myopic eyes (up to -6.00 DS both eyes, no astigmatic cut-off) with no ocular pathology from the ZOC-BHVI high myopia study in China, had cycloplegic refraction, followed by subjective refraction and visual acuities and axial length measurement. Two logistic regression models were undertaken to test the association of age, gender, refractive error, axial length and parental myopia with reduced vision...
July 11, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692503/acquired-adult-onset-cyclic-esotropia-in-patients-with-myopic-strabismus-fixus-and-intraocular-lens-implantation
#14
Jianhua Yan, Yun Wen
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Cyclic esotropia is a rare condition that mostly occurs in children, characterized by patterns of straight and strabismic days with a regular cycle of 24 to 96 hours. In this report, 2 patients of cyclic esotropia in adults who showed a regular 48-hour cycle of mild deviation on 1 day followed by a more severe deviation on the second day are presented. METHODS: Clinical reports, clinical features, imaging findings, and surgical outcomes are presented...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690485/a-novel-pathogenic-variant-in-the-mitf-gene-segregating-with-a-unique-spectrum-of-ocular-findings-in-an-extended-iranian-waardenburg-syndrome-kindred
#15
Nazanin Jalilian, Mohammad A Tabatabaiefar, Tayyeb Bahrami, Golaleh Karbasi, Mohammad H Bahramian, Abdolrahman Salimpoor, Mohammad R Noori-Daloii
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal pigmentation of the hair, skin, and iris as well as sensorineural hearing loss. WS is subdivided into 4 major types (WS1-4), where WS2 is characterized by the absence of dystopia canthorum. This study was launched to investigate clinical and molecular characteristics of WS in an extended Iranian WS2 family. A comprehensive clinical investigation was performed. Peripheral blood samples were collected and genomic DNA was extracted...
June 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689749/iontophoresis-assisted-accelerated-riboflavin-ultraviolet-a-scleral-cross-linking-a-potential-treatment-for-pathologic-myopia
#16
Shuo Rong, Chaoying Wang, Baoyan Han, Pengfei Feng, Weiwei Lan, Zhipeng Gao, Xiaona Li, Weiyi Chen
Scleral collagen cross-linking is one of the most promising treatments to control the pathologic process of myopia. However, the exact procedure and its impact on animal models of myopia are still to be explored. We modified the scleral riboflavin/ultraviolet A (UVA) cross-linking procedure with an iontophoresis-assisted drug delivery system and an accelerated UVA irradiation (10 mW/cm(2), 9 min) and applied this treatment to an animal model of myopia. Ninety-six New Zealand White rabbits developed relatively stable myopia by visual deprivation and then underwent the modified scleral cross-linking surgery...
July 6, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687852/optical-coherence-tomographic-imaging-of-posterior-episclera-and-tenon-s-capsule
#17
Kyoko Ohno-Matsui, Yuxin Fang, Kei Morohoshi, Jost B Jonas
Purpose: To investigate structural features of the posterior episclera and Tenon's capsule in patients with high myopia. Methods: This hospital-based observational study included highly myopic eyes (myopic refractive error > -8 diopters or axial length ≥26.5 mm) in which the posterior sclera in its full thickness could be visualized on swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) images in all 12 radial scans centered on the fovea. We assessed the posterior episclera and Tenon's capsule...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683793/comparison-of-visual-results-and-higher-order-aberrations-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-high-myopia-vs-mild-to-moderate-myopia
#18
Hong-Ying Jin, Ting Wan, Fang Wu, Ke Yao
BACKGROUND: To compare the refractive results and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in high myopia and mild to moderate myopia patients. METHODS: This prospective study included 165 eyes (86 patients) undergoing SMILE. According to the preoperative spherical equivalent (SE), treated eyes were divided into two groups: the high myopia group (more than -6.0 D, group-H) and the mild to moderate group (less than -6.0 D, group-M)...
July 6, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682947/interocular-asymmetry-in-choroidal-thickness-and-retinal-sensitivity-in-high-myopia
#19
Zeyad Alzaben, Genís Cardona, Miguel A Zapata, Ahmad Zaben
PURPOSE: To investigate the normal range of interocular asymmetry in choroidal thickness and retinal sensitivity in high myopia without ocular fundus manifestations and to determine the relationship between interocular asymmetry and refractive error. METHODS: Forty-three patients (35.07 ± 13.31 years) with high myopia and 45 healthy participants (39.9 ± 14.1 years) were administered an ocular coherence tomography and a microperimetry examination to determine choroidal thickness and retinal sensitivity at the foveal region and at 1, 2, and 3 mm, nasally, temporally, superiorly, and inferiorly...
July 6, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682887/atropine-0-5-eyedrops-for-the-treatment-of-children-with-low-myopia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yan-Rong Wang, Hong-Li Bian, Qi Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of atropine 0.5% eyedrops (ATE) for the treatment of children with low myopia (LM). METHODS: In this study, a total of 126 children with LM were randomly divided into an intervention group (administered 0.5% ATE) and a control group (administered a placebo), with 63 children in each group. The outcome measurements were changes in the spherical equivalent (SE), and axial length (AL), as well as adverse events (AEs)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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