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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044055/assessment-of-bicc-family-rna-binding-protein-1-and-ras-protein-specific-guanine-nucleotide-releasing-factor-1-as-candidate-genes-for-high-myopia-a-case-control-study
#1
Li Hepei, Xie Mingkun, Wang Li, Wu Jin
PURPOSE: The aim is to evaluate the association between high myopia and genetic variant in the BicC family RNA binding protein 1 (BICC1) as well as its association with Ras protein specific guanine nucleotide releasing factor 1 (RASGRF1) genes in a Chinese Han population with a case-control study. METHODS: Five TagSNPs in BICC1 and RASGRF1 genes were selected and genotyped in 821 unrelated subjects, which composed of 419 controls (spherical equivalent within ±1...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034154/intraocular-pressure-monitoring-by-rebound-tonometry-in-children-with-myopia
#2
Jenchieh Weng, I-Lun Tsai, Li-Lin Kuo, Ching-Yao Tsai, Lin-Chung Woung, Ya-Chuan Hsiao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Topical atropine treatment is generally accepted to retard the progression of myopia, but it is associated with side effects such as photophobia and elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP measurements in children are challenging. The traditional applanation tonometry by direct contact with the cornea will require patient's cooperation. The rebound tonometer, using a dynamic electromechanical method for measuring IOP, shows good correlation with traditional tonometry...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032414/influence-of-lasek-on-schi%C3%A3-tz-goldmann-and-dynamic-contour-tonometry
#3
Marco Sales-Sanz, Esther Arranz-Marquez, Carolina Arruabarrena, Miguel A Teus
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess the effect of LASEK surgery on ocular rigidity and to compare its effect on intraocular pressure (IOP) readings with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), Schiøtz indentation tonometry (ST) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT). METHODS: Prospective, observational, single-masked cohort study. One eye per patient from 31 consecutive subjects who underwent LASEK refractive surgery to correct myopia, as well as from 108 non-operated myopic patients, were included...
October 14, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030016/does-a-two-year-period-of-orthokeratology-lead-to-changes-in-the-endothelial-morphology-of-children
#4
Sin Wan Cheung, Pauline Cho
PURPOSE: To compare changes in endothelial morphology in the central and superior cornea in subjects wearing single-vision spectacles and orthokeratology lenses over two years. METHODS: Endothelial images of the two locations of 99 subjects (6-12 years) from completed myopia control studies were analysed. Endothelial cell density (ECD), coefficient of variation in cell size (CV), and hexagonality (HEX) before and two years after treatment were compared between the two groups of subjects...
October 10, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029601/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-myopia-in-older-adult-east-chinese-population
#5
Cailian Xu, Chenwei Pan, Chunhua Zhao, Mingchao Bi, Qinghua Ma, Jianhui Cheng, E Song
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and associated factors for myopia and high myopia among older population in a rural community in Eastern China. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Weitang town located in Suzhou, an urban metropolis in East China. A total of 5613 Chinese residents aged 60 years and older were invited to complete a questionnaire and participated in a detailed eye examination,including measurements of visual acuity and refractive error using autorefraction and subjective refraction...
October 13, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028106/correlation-between-presence-of-primary-iris-and-cilliary-body-cysts-and-intraocular-pressure
#6
K-C Xue, D-D Hu, L Zhao, N Li, H-Y Shen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the correlation between the presence of primary iris-ciliary cysts and the intraocular pressure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with short-sightedness undergoing routine examination for laser vision correction in our hospital in 2003 were enrolled. Patients with known high intraocular pressure and risk of glaucoma were excluded from the study. A total of 119 eyes were examined by the Ultrasound Biomicroscope (UBM), and the presence of the primary iris-ciliary cysts was confirmed...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026787/factors-determining-effective-orthokeratology-treatment-for-controlling-juvenile-myopia-progression
#7
Qinghui Kong, Jiang Guo, Jing Zhou, Yanling Zhang, Xiaoyan Dou
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify factors influencing the therapeutic outcome of orthokeratology on controlling juvenile myopia progression, and the risk factors for complications. METHODS: Myopic patients (n=724) in Shenzhen Second Hospital from Jan 2011 to Jan 2016 fitted with orthokeratology lenses and followed-up for 6-65 months were reviewed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen for the factors that can improve treatment outcome and prevent the development of complications...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026284/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-myopic-choroidal-neovascularization
#8
REVIEW
Colin S Tan, SriniVas R Sadda
Myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a sight-threatening condition which occurs in eyes with myopia, particularly in those with pathologic myopia. It is the most common cause of CNV among patients younger than 50 years. Hemorrhage and exudation from the CNV lesion may eventually result in scarring or chorioretinal atrophy. While myopic CNV was previously treated with focal laser photocoagulation or photodynamic therapy (PDT), the current treatment of choice is anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022298/patient-awareness-of-cataract-and-age-related-macular-degeneration-among-the-korean-elderly-a-population-based-study
#9
Hankil Lee, Yong Jung Jang, Hyung Keun Lee, Hye Young Kang
PURPOSE: Age-related eye disease is often considered part of natural aging. Lack of awareness of eye conditions can result in missed treatment. We investigated the rates of awareness of cataract and age-related macular degeneration, the most common age-related eye-diseases, and the associated factors among elderly Koreans. METHODS: We identified 7,403 study subjects (≥40 years old) with cataract or age-related macular degeneration based on ophthalmic examination results during the 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2010 and 2012...
August 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022291/comparison-of-contact-lens-corrected-quality-of-vision-and-life-of-keratoconus-and-myopic-patients
#10
Sunghoon Lee, Gangwook Jung, Hyung Keun Lee
PURPOSE: To compare and analyze changes in vision quality, subjective symptoms, and psycho-social satisfaction in keratoconus and myopic patients following the wearing of contact lenses. METHODS: This study enrolled 25 keratoconus and 25 myopic patients with corrected vision over 0.8 according to the Snellen chart due to treatment with contact lenses. Patients were surveyed prior to the wearing of contact lenses, and again after three months of contact lens usage with a questionnaire about quality of vision and life...
August 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021916/vitrectomy-in-high-myopia-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Michele Coppola, Alessandro Rabiolo, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
Pathologic myopia is associated with degenerative changes of the globe, especially at the posterior pole. Eyes affected by pathologic myopia have higher odds to undergo posterior segment surgery and, in those eyes, vitreoretinal surgery is challenging. Many practical tips and tricks can make the surgical procedures simpler, significantly preventing sight-threatening intra- and post-operative complications. Moreover, novel surgical techniques and technological advancements (i.e. ad-hoc instrumentation, minimally invasive vitreoretinal surgery, filters, dye staining, intraoperative optical coherence tomography and 3-dimensional surgery) may play role in highly myopic eyes...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020489/multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome-following-acute-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#12
Chang-Sue Yang, Ming-Hung Hsieh, Huan-I Su, Yih-Shiuan Kuo
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) and Epstein-Barr (EB) virus infection. METHODS: A prospective, consecutive case series study was performed in patients with the characteristic findings of MEWDS. Patients received EB viral-specific antibody serologic tests. RESULTS: Five cases of MEWDS who had prodromal flu-like symptoms were enrolled, comprising 2 women and 3 men with a mean age of 34...
October 11, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018820/the-effect-of-lasik-procedure-on-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-macular-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-in-myopic-eyes
#13
Maja Zivkovic, Vesna Jaksic, Athanassios Giarmoukakis, Michael Grentzelos, Marko Zlatanovic, Gordana Zlatanovic, Aleksandra Miljkovic, Svetlana Jovanovic, Miroslav Stamenkovic, George Kymionis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of applied suction during microkeratome-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) procedure on peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness as well as macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness. METHODS: 89 patients (124 eyes) with established myopia range from -3.0 to -8.0 diopters and no associated ocular diseases were included in this study. RNFL and GC-IPL thickness measurements were performed by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) one day before LASIK and at 1 and 6 months postoperatively...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018763/ocular-manifestations-of-sickle-cell-disease-and-genetic-susceptibility-for-refractive-errors
#14
Palak Shukla, Henu Verma, Santosh Patel, P K Patra, L V K S Bhaskar
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common and serious form of an inherited blood disorder that lead to higher risk of early mortality. SCD patients are at high risk for developing multiorgan acute and chronic complications linked with significant morbidity and mortality. Some of the ophthalmological complications of SCD include retinal changes, refractive errors, vitreous hemorrhage, and abnormalities of the cornea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study includes 96 SCD patients...
April 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018762/visual-performance-after-excimer-laser-photorefractive-keratectomy-for-high-myopia
#15
Yu-Ling Liu, Chien-Chi Tseng, Chang-Ping Lin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, predictability, and visual performance of excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia greater than -8 diopters (D). METHODS: Fifty-four patients (104 eyes) with myopia from -8D to -13D and cylinder up to -4D received surface ablation technique with the Allegretto wave version 1009-1 excimer laser to correct their refractive error. The patients were examined on days 1, 3, 7, and 14 and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
April 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018754/how-to-effectively-manage-myopia
#16
Ann Yi-Chiun Chuang
Myopia has become epidemic in the world. Without effective control, the progression may lead to excessive myopia with severe complications affecting vision and ocular alignment. The genetic factors and environmental factors of myopia are closely interrelated to each other. Asian ethnicity and parental myopia, among other genetic factors, influence the refractive outcome dramatically when environmental risk factors such as hours of near work and reading distance are analyzed. Outdoor activities are protective measures that retard myopia progression...
January 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993905/large-semicircular-inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-in-the-treatment-of-macular-hole-in-high-myopia
#17
San-Ni Chen
PURPOSE: To describe the technique and surgical outcomes of a modified large semicircular inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap in the management of macular holes (MHs) in patients with high myopia. METHODS: We performed this retrospective study on consecutive patients with MH and high myopia (axial length ≥ 28 mm),who received vitrectomy, a large semicircular ILM flap 4 discs in diameter to cover the MH, incomplete air-fluid exchange, and SF6 gas tamponade...
October 10, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991339/pupil-dynamics-induced-by-light-reflex-after-posterior-chamber-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation
#18
Kazuko Totsuka, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Kazutaka Kamiya, Nobuyuki Shoji, Kimiya Shimizu
PURPOSE: To assess the light reflex of the pupil after Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) (KS-aquaPORT; STAAR Surgical, Nidau, Switzerland) implantation to determine whether the ICL implantation might affect the pupil dynamics. METHODS: This study examined 28 eyes of 28 consecutive patients who underwent implantation of the posterior phakic ICL for the correction of myopia and astigmatism. Patient age at the time of surgery was 31.1 ± 6.8 years (range: 25 to 42 years)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987037/hypnosis-and-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-for-visual-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-case-report
#19
Giancarlo Russo, Alessandro Remonato, Roberto Remonato, Emiliano Zanier
Context • Pregnancy causes physiological alterations to the visual system, particularly in relation to retinal vascularization, with a consequent increase of intraocular pressure, and to the lacrimal fluid, with a consequent ocular dryness, which both can lead to a reduction in visual acuity. Numerous case reports refer to the employment of hypnotic treatment in cases of myopia, but the literature does not report any case of decreased visual acuity postpartum that was treated with hypnosis. Objective • For women with visual disorders that had appeared during pregnancy or were preexisting, the study intended to evaluate the benefits of treatment of the diaphragm by hypnotherapy and osteopathy to modify intracorporeal pressure and restore the women's visual function...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983803/evaluating-internal-and-ocular-residual-astigmatism-in-chinese-myopic-children
#20
Yanlin Liu, Yong Cheng, Yue Zhang, Lu Zhang, Mingwei Zhao, Kai Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the nature of internal astigmatism (IA) and ocular residual astigmatism (ORA) in Chinese myopic children and to identify factors that may influence IA and ORA. METHODS: A total of 206 eyes of 206 myopic children (97 boys and 109 girls; 10.95 ± 2.2 years) were enrolled in this cross sectional study. Total ocular astigmatism (TOA), anterior corneal astigmatism (ACA), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA) and total corneal astigmatism (TCA) were measured directly using either a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor or a Pentacam...
October 5, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
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