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"Pediatric Cardiac Surgery"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515851/blood-conservation-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-in-all-ages-and-complexity-levels
#1
Mohsen Karimi, Jill M Sullivan, Carrie Linthicum, Anil Mathew
AIM: To demonstrate the feasibility of blood conservation methods and practice across all ages and risk categories in congenital cardiac surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a collected database of 356 patients who underwent cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) from 2010-2015. The patients were grouped into blood conservation (n = 138) and non-conservation (n = 218) groups and sub-grouped based on their ages and procedural complexity scores...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515759/department-of-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-in-gdansk-in-its-new-location-previous-activity-and-perspectives-for-development
#2
Ireneusz Haponiuk, Maciej Chojnicki, Mariusz Steffens, Radosław Jaworski, Aneta Szofer-Sendrowska, Konrad Paczkowski, Ewelina Kwaśniak, Anna Romanowicz, Wiktor Szymanowicz, Katarzyna Gierat-Haponiuk
The Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery in Gdansk is the only pediatric cardiac surgery center in northern Poland providing comprehensive treatment to children with congenital heart defects. The Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery in Gdansk currently offers a full spectrum of advanced procedures of modern cardiac surgery and interventional cardiology dedicated to patients from infancy to adolescence. January 19, 2016 marked the official opening of its new location.
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515370/acute-kidney-injury-following-cardiopulmonary-bypass-in-children%C3%A3-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#3
Seon Hwa Lee, Soo-Jin Kim, Hyung Joong Kim, Jae Sung Son, Ran Lee, Tae Gyoon Yoon
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common and most serious complication following heart surgery. We aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for, AKI following pediatric cardiac surgery.Methods and Results:We retrospectively analyzed 135 patients aged ≤18 years who underwent cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects; by RACHS-1 category, 58 patients (43%) had an operative risk score ≥3. AKI was defined and classified using the pediatric pRIFLE criteria (Pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage Kidney Disease); 19 patients (14...
May 17, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511778/elevated-cranial-ultrasound-resistive-indices-are-associated-with-improved-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-one-year-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-single-center-pilot-study
#4
Christopher L Jenks, Ana Hernandez, Peter L Stavinoha, Michael C Morris, Fenghua Tian, Hanli Liu, Parvesh Garg, Joseph M Forbess, Joshua Koch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a non-invasive, repeatable test can be used to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes in patients with congenital heart disease. METHODS: This was a prospective study of pediatric patients less than two months of age undergoing congenital heart surgery at the Children's Health Children's Medical Center at Dallas. Multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was utilized during the surgery, and ultrasound (US) resistive indices (RI) of the major cranial vessels were obtained prior to surgery, immediately post-operatively, and prior to discharge...
May 13, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504326/preoperative-colonization-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-and-its-impact-on-postoperative-infections
#5
Simona Silvetti, Marco Ranucci, Giuseppe Isgrò, Valentina Villa, Elena Costa
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital heart defects are frequently hospitalized before surgery. This exposes them to a high risk for pathogen colonization. There are limited data on colonization prevalence in the pediatric cardiac population, and limited data concerning its potential role in the risk of developing infections after cardiac surgery. AIM: This study aimed to verify the impact of preoperative colonization on postoperative infections in a population of pediatric cardiac surgery patients coming from Italy and developing countries...
May 15, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498231/metrics-to-assess-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-utilization-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-programs
#6
Susan L Bratton, Titus Chan, Cindy S Barrett, Jacob Wilkes, Laura M Ibsen, Ravi R Thiagarajan
OBJECTIVES: Only a small fraction of pediatric cardiac surgical patients are supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation following cardiac surgery, but extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use is more common among those undergoing higher complexity surgery. We evaluated extracorporeal membrane oxygenation metrics indexed to annual cardiac surgical volume to better understand extracorporeal membrane oxygenation use among U.S. cardiac surgical programs. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis SETTING:: Forty-three U...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492792/cervical-cannulation-for-surgical-repair-of-congenital-cardiac-defects-in-infants-and-small-children
#7
Pankaj Garg, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Ketav Lakhia, Parth Solanki, Jigar Surti, Komal Shah, Sanjay Patel
INTRODUCTION: The biggest challenge faced in minimally invasive pediatric cardiac surgery is cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass. Our technique and experience of cervical cannulation in infants and small children for repair of congenital cardiac defects is reported in this study. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2015, 37 children (22 males) with mean age of 17.97±8.63 months and weight of 8.06±1.59 kg were operated on for congenital cardiac defects through right lateral thoracotomy...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492405/a-case-control-analysis-of-postoperative-fluid-balance-and-mortality-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#8
Meth R Delpachitra, Siva P Namachivayam, Johnny Millar, Carmel Delzoppo, Warwick W Butt
OBJECTIVES: A positive fluid balance after cardiac surgery may be associated with poor outcomes; however, previous studies looking at this association have been limited by the number of deaths in the study population. Our primary aim was to determine the relationship between postoperative cumulative fluid balance and mortality in cardiac surgical patients. Secondary aims were to study the association between fluid balance and duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care and hospital length of stay...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492399/acute-kidney-injury-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-safe-pediatric-euglycemia-after-cardiac-surgery-trial
#9
Joshua J Blinder, Lisa A Asaro, David Wypij, David T Selewski, Michael S D Agus, Michael Gaies, Michael A Ferguson
OBJECTIVES: To understand the effect of tight glycemic control on cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Safe Pediatric Euglycemia after Cardiac Surgery trial of tight glycemic control versus standard care. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac ICUs at University of Michigan, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, and Boston Children's Hospital. PATIENTS: Children 0-36 months old undergoing congenital cardiac surgery...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484359/evaluation-of-congenital-heart-defects-treatment-options-establishment-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiosurgery-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#10
REVIEW
Zijo Begic, Sanko Pandur, Edo Omerbasic, Almira Kadic, Mirza Halimic
INTRODUCTION: Modern pediatric cardiology mainly deals with congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomalies. In most cases CHD requires surgical or interventional treatment. GOAL: The goal of the research was to evaluate CHD treatment at Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center (UCC) Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). UCC Sarajevo is the only institution in B&H where cardiac treatment of CHD in pediatric population is performed. Pediatric cardiosurgery has started to develop in Bosnia and Herzegovina in April 1997...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433357/brain-natriuretic-peptide-and-n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-confirmed-the-prognostic-accuracy-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-time-for-their-inclusion-in-prediction-risk-models
#11
EDITORIAL
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Aldo Clerico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419616/the-provision-of-pediatric-cardiac-anesthesia-services-in-germany-current-status-of-structural-and-personnel-organization
#12
Torsten Baehner, Oliver Dewald, Ingo Heinze, Matthias Mueller, Ehrenfried Schindler, Uwe Schirmer, Georg Baumgarten, Andreas Hoeft, Richard K Ellerkmann
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia for pediatric cardiac surgery requires a high level of expert knowledge. There are currently no recommendations and standards for anesthetic management for congenital cardiac surgery in Germany. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the current status of structural and personnel anesthetic standards at pediatric cardiac surgery centers in Germany. METHOD: All cardiac surgical centers in Germany were reviewed for an active program for congenital heart surgery...
April 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411047/immunodepression-after-cpb-cytokine-dynamics-and-clinics-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-trial
#13
Georgia Justus, Christoph Walker, Lisa-Maria Rosenthal, Felix Berger, Oliver Miera, Katharina Rose Luise Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Corrective surgery for congenital heart defects is known to trigger a severe immune reaction. There has been extensive research on the effects of inflammation after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Interestingly, monocytes are observed to be non-responsive to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) under these conditions, indicating a state of immunodepression, which lays the ground for second hit infections after cardiosurgery with CPB. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to analyze immunodepression after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass and to differentiate the effects of monocytic anergy on postoperative outcome...
April 11, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393792/mechanical-cause-for-acute-left-lung-atelectasis-after-neonatal-aortic-arch-repair-with-arterial-switch-operation-conservative-management
#14
Madan Mohan Maddali, Pranav Subbaraya Kandachar, Said Al-Hanshi, Mohammed Al Ghafri, John Valliattu
Respiratory complications due to mechanical obstruction of the airways can occur following pediatric cardiac surgery. Clinically significant intrathoracic vascular compression of the airway can occur when extensive dissection and mobilization of arch and neck vessels is involved as in repair of interrupted aortic arch. This case report describes a neonate who underwent interrupted aortic arch repair along with an arterial switch operation and developed a left lung collapse immediately after tracheal extubation...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372651/non-invasive-cardiac-output-monitor-validation-study-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients
#15
Christopher F Tirotta, Richard G Lagueruela, Danielle Madril, Evelio Velis, Jorge Ojito, Daniel Monroe, David Aguero, Marysory Irizarry, John McBride, Robert L Hannan, Redmond P Burke
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To validate a non-invasive cardiac output monitor in pediatric cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Prospective trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS: 20 pediatric cardiac surgery patients ASA physical status 3 and 4. INTERVENTIONS: Aesculon noninvasive cardiac output monitor was used and compared to the cardiac output derived from the Fick equation. Oxygen consumption was measured and blood samples were taken from the arterial line and from the superior and inferior vena cava...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356079/enterobacteriaceae-producing-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-esbls-colonization-as-a-risk-factor-for-developing-esbl-infections-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Amine Cheikh, Bouchra Belefquih, Younes Chajai, Younes Cheikhaoui, Amine El Hassani, Amina Benouda
BACKGROUND: Children with cardiac defects need many hospitalizations and repetitive antibiotic therapies, with an increasing risk of colonization with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) such as extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) Post-operative infections with these bacteria in paediatric cardiac surgery are life threatening. This article aims to study the prevalence of ESBL colonization among paediatric cardiac surgery patients, and to compare occurrence of post-operative infections with and without ESBL colonization...
March 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338185/a-structured-blood-conservation-program-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#17
A B Budak, K McCusker, S Gunaydin
OBJECTIVE: The limitation of alternative transfusion practices in infants increases the benefits of blood conservation. We analyzed the efficacy of a structured program to reduce transfusions and transfusion-associated complications in cardiac surgery PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our pediatric surgery database was reviewed retrospectively, comparing outcomes from two different time periods, after the implementation of an effective blood conservation program beginning in March 2014. A total of 214 infants (8...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329452/effect-of-prime-blood-storage-duration-on-clinical-outcome-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#18
Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Pankaj Garg, Kartik Patel, Parth Solanki, Jigar Surti, Atul Solanki, Komal Shah, Sanjay Patel
BACKGROUND: In this study, we tested the hypothesis that in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with blood prime, the storage duration of the packed red blood cells (PRBCs) used in prime led to differences in postoperative complications and metabolic profiles of the patients. METHODS: For this prospective observational study we included 400 pediatric patients undergoing cardiac operations using CPB and requiring PRBCs prime...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328555/association-of-pediatric-cardiac-surgical-volume-and-mortality-after-cardiac-ecmo
#19
Cindy S Barrett, Titus T Chan, Jacob Wilkes, Susan L Bratton, Ravi R Thiagarajan
Centers with higher surgical and ECMO volume have improved survival for children undergoing pediatric cardiac surgery and ECMO respectively. We examined the relationship between both cardiac surgical and cardiac ECMO volumes, with survival. Using data from the Pediatric Health Information System, we reviewed patients who underwent ECMO during the hospitalization for cardiac surgery or heart transplantation from January 2003- June 2014. Among 106,967 patients in 43 centers undergoing a Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery-1 (RACHS) 1-6 procedure (n =104,951) and/or cardiac transplantation (n=2016), 2...
March 20, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319507/recombinant-factor-viia-is-associated-with-increased-thrombotic-complications-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients
#20
Laura Downey, Morgan L Brown, David Faraoni, David Zurakowski, James A DiNardo
BACKGROUND: Recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) is routinely used as an off-label hemostatic agent in children undergoing cardiac surgery. Despite evidence that rFVIIa use is associated with an increased incidence of thrombotic complications in adult cardiac surgery, the safety of rFVIIa as a rescue hemostatic agent in the pediatric cardiac surgical population is less definitively delineated. In this retrospective study, we used propensity score matching to compare the incidence of thrombotic complications between children treated with rFVIIa and their matched controls...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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