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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335805/machine-learning-to-support-social-media-empowered-patients-in-cancer-care-and-cancer-treatment-decisions
#1
Daswin De Silva, Weranja Ranasinghe, Tharindu Bandaragoda, Achini Adikari, Nishan Mills, Lahiru Iddamalgoda, Damminda Alahakoon, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Raj Persad, Evgeny Osipov, Richard Gray, Damien Bolton
BACKGROUND: A primary variant of social media, online support groups (OSG) extend beyond the standard definition to incorporate a dimension of advice, support and guidance for patients. OSG are complementary, yet significant adjunct to patient journeys. Machine learning and natural language processing techniques can be applied to these large volumes of unstructured text discussions accumulated in OSG for intelligent extraction of patient-reported demographics, behaviours, decisions, treatment, side effects and expressions of emotions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335561/post-concussion-syndrome-and-pre-existing-mood-disorder-a-case-report
#2
S Tucker Price, Alexei O DeCastro, Clive D Brock
Sport-related concussions in youth and adolescent athletes most commonly resolve within one week without residual symptoms, with athletes resuming full participation following return to play guidelines. A small percentage of athletes have persistent symptoms that cause significant morbidity, some of whom are ultimately diagnosed with post-concussion syndrome. In these athletes, symptoms in the emotional domain can be more prolonged than other domains, with athletes reporting anxiety and depression months to years following injury...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335524/a-qualitative-study-of-the-shared-experience-of-humour-between-people-living-with-dementia-and-their-partners
#3
Helen Hickman, Chris Clarke, Emma Wolverson
Humour is a complex social and emotional experience which could constitute a positive resource for people endeavouring to live well with dementia. However, little is currently known about the shared use and value of humour in dyads where one person has dementia. The purpose of this study was therefore to explore how people with dementia and their care-partners experience, use and draw meaning from humour in relation to their shared experiences of dementia and their ongoing relationships. Ten participant dyads (the person with dementia and their spousal partner) took part in joint semi-structured interviews...
October 18, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335204/displaced-rohingya-children-at-high-risk-for-mental-health-problems-findings-from-refugee-camps-within-bangladesh
#4
Naila Z Khan, Asma Begum Shilpi, Razia Sultana, Shaoli Sarker, Sultana Razia, Bipasha Roy, Abu Arif, Misbah Uddin Ahmed, Subas Chandra Saha, Helen McConachie
BACKGROUND: The 2017 political violence against the Rohingya people in the state of Rakhine resulted in a large influx of displaced populations into Bangladesh. Given harsh conditions and experiences in Myanmar, and the harrowing journey to the border, raised levels of child neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) and mental health problems were expected. METHODS: A team of child development professionals, physicians, psychologists and developmental therapists, screened 622 children in a clinic within the refugee camps, using the Developmental Screening Questionnaire (DSQ; 0-<2 years), and the Ten Questions Plus (TQP) for NDDs, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; 2-16 years) for mental health problems...
October 18, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335194/palestinian-children-s-narratives-about-living-with-spina-bifida-stigma-vulnerability-and-social-exclusion
#5
Maha Sudki Nahal, Åsa B Axelsson, Asma Imam, Helena Wigert
BACKGROUND: Living with spina bifida in Palestine is a critical issue that might influence various aspects of the individual's life. It is a challenge for children, their families, and health care providers since it requires lifelong treatment and follow-up of care provision. However, little focus has been placed on these children's perceptions about their daily life experiences with spina bifida. PURPOSE: To illuminate the lived experience of children with spina bifida in the West Bank, Palestine...
October 18, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335040/experiences-of-adult-cancer-patients-receiving-counseling-from-nurses-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#6
Li Hui Tay, Andrew Kok Wah Ong, Dora Siew Ping Lang
INTRODUCTION: Counseling is a brief psycho-educational intervention that is useful in facilitating personal growth and adaptive resolution of life stresses. With increased recognition on the psycho-emotional needs of patients with cancer, it is prudent to consider the possibility of expanding the role of nurses in the provision of counseling. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative systematic review aimed to establish the best available evidence on the experiences of adult cancer patients receiving counseling provided by nurses...
October 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334894/the-academic-chair-achieving-success-in-a-rapidly-evolving-health-care-environment-aoa-critical-issues
#7
Dane H Salazar, James H Herndon, Thomas P Vail, Joseph D Zuckerman, Richard H Gelberman
There is a growing consensus that an accomplished curriculum vitae and prior achievement as an academician may not correlate with success as a chairperson of a contemporary academic orthopaedic department. As surgeons, formal professional education, research expertise, and clinical experience often are inadequate to foster the necessary skills and experience in executive leadership, change management, business administration, and strategy. The recruiting and hiring processes to fill academic leadership roles have been slow to adapt and recognize the skills that are necessary to be a successful chairperson...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30334655/should-machines-express-sympathy-and-empathy-experiments-with-a-health-advice-chatbot
#8
Bingjie Liu, S Shyam Sundar
When we ask a chatbot for advice about a personal problem, should it simply provide informational support and refrain from offering emotional support? Or, should it show sympathy and empathize with our situation? Although expression of caring and understanding is valued in supportive human communications, do we want the same from a chatbot, or do we simply reject it due to its artificiality and uncanniness? To answer this question, we conducted two experiments with a chatbot providing online medical information advice about a sensitive personal issue...
October 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332895/improving-psychological-outcomes-for-orphans-living-with-hiv-in-tanzania-through-a-novel-intervention-to-improve-resilience-findings-from-a-pilot-rct
#9
Richard Harding, Gao Wei, Liz Gwyther, Elvis Miti
Parental death and HIV are associated with poor mental health for orphans in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to evaluate a theory-based intervention for orphaned children on treatment in Tanzania, in terms of feasibility, acceptability and preliminary outcomes. A pilot RCT with nested focus group (FGD) allocated 48 children to usual care or residential "Memory Work Therapy". Children completed outcome measures at T0 (baseline), T1 (2 weeks following intervention) and T2 (9 weeks from T0). Forty percent of eligible children assented...
October 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329171/lived-experiences-of-surviving-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#10
Anders Bremer, Tova Dahné, Lovisa Stureson, Kristofer Årestedt, Ingela Thylén
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors suffer from psychological distress and cognitive impairments. They experience existential insecurity and vulnerability and are striving to return to a life in which well-being and the meaning of life have partly changed. However, research highlighting the experiences of in-hospital cardiac arrest survivors is lacking. This means that evidence for postresuscitation care has largely been extrapolated from studies on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors, without considering potential group differences...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329170/what-is-the-concept-of-parental-emotional-transference-to-children-a-walker-and-avant-concept-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Won-Oak Oh, Insun Yeom, Dong-Seok Kim
PROBLEM: Human emotions come from relationships with others, and emotional states can be transferred to others through emotional transfer, leading people to experience identical emotions unconsciously. Emotional transference is not a new concept; however, no concept analysis has been performed on emotional transference from parents to children. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A literature search was conducted of terms related to 'emotional transference', (e.g. 'emotional transfer' and 'affective transference') in the following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, ProQuest, RISS and DBPIA published between 1987 and 2016; documents were published in English or Korean...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328539/presence-of-gastro-intestinal-symptoms-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-during-survivorship-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-profiles-registry
#12
Mark J A Rietveld, Olga Husson, M C Caroline Vos, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, P B Nelleke Ottevanger, Nicole P M Ezendam
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in ovarian cancer (OC) survivors. METHODS: Women diagnosed with OC between 2000 and 2010 as registered in the Netherlands cancer registry (n = 348), received a questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, HRQoL (EORTC-QLQ-C30), ovarian cancer-specific symptoms including GI (EORTC-QLQ OV28), and psychological distress (HADS). Data collection took place in 2012...
October 17, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328124/a-cross-national-analysis-of-sex-differences-in-prisoner-s-dilemma-games
#13
Angela R Dorrough, Andreas Glöckner
In a comprehensive cross-national study involving samples from 12 different countries that were representative for the adult populations in terms of age and sex (N = 2,429), we found that women cooperate significantly less overall than men in fully incentivized one-shot prisoner's dilemma games. This gender gap in cooperation can be explained by the fact that women hold lower expectations regarding the cooperativeness of their anonymous interaction partners. These results contradict both the common stereotype that women are more communal, caring, emotionally expressive, and warm than men and substantial empirical evidence showing that women act more prosocially in many contexts...
October 17, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328112/content-analysis-of-nursing-diagnoses-in-mental-health-records-in-portugal
#14
P D B Gonçalves, C A C Sequeira, M A T C P E Silva
AIMS: To identify the diagnoses documented by nurses in Portugal to describe the nursing needs within the scope of mental health nursing and the main problems in documenting these needs. BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis process is an essential step in nursing care planning. This process should be carried out by nurses in a rigorous and standardized manner, in order to ensure quality practices and to obtain indicators that can increase the visibility of nursing care...
October 17, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328069/parent-empowerment-in-pediatric-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#15
REVIEW
Laura Ellen Ashcraft, Miya Asato, Amy J Houtrow, Dio Kavalieratos, Elizabeth Miller, Kristin N Ray
BACKGROUND: Parent empowerment is often an expressed goal in clinical pediatrics and in pediatric research, but the antecedents and consequences of parent empowerment are not well established. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize potential antecedents and consequences of parent empowerment in healthcare settings. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The inclusion criteria were (1) studies with results about parent empowerment in the context of children's healthcare or healthcare providers; and (2) qualitative studies, observational studies, and systematic reviews of such studies...
October 17, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327720/educational-support-around-dialysis-modality-decision-making-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-qualitative-study
#16
Brendan P Cassidy, Lori Harwood, Leah E Getchell, Michael Smith, Shannon L Sibbald, Louise M Moist
Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are asked to choose a renal replacement therapy or conservative management. Education and knowledge transfer play key roles in this decision-making process, yet they remain a partially met need. Objective: We sought to understand the dialysis modality decision-making process through exploration of the predialysis patient experience to better inform the educational process. Design: Qualitative descriptive study...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326760/informal-care-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-perspectives-on-informal-carer-workload-and-capacity
#17
Michelle McIntyre, Carolyn Ehrlich, Elizabeth Kendall
PURPOSE: Much of the support required to live in the community post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) is provided by informal carers. Understanding the nature of caregiving work is important to better support informal carers. This study explored the work being performed by informal carers, and factors impacting on their capacity to manage the workload. METHOD: Participants comprised 21 dyads each consisting of an adult with moderate to severe TBI and a nominated carer...
October 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326706/experiences-of-family-members-who-have-a-relative-diagnosed-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Marcia L Kay, Marie Poggenpoel, Chris P Myburgh, Charlene Downing
BACKGROUND:  While working in a psychiatric hospital, the researcher observed the beneficial effects of the mindfulness programme offered to patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Little support was offered to family members who attempted to manage their relatives diagnosed with BPD. The family members often experienced stress, depression, grief and isolation. OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this research was to explore and describe the experiences of family members who have a relative diagnosed with BPD...
October 3, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325785/caregiving-is-a-marathon-not-a-road-race-reenvisioning-caregiver-support-services-in-gynecologic-oncology
#19
Lauren C Hand, Teresa H Thomas, Sarah Belcher, Grace Campbell, Young Ji Lee, Mary Roberge, Christina Lizaso, Dorinda Sparacio, Heidi S Donovan
OBJECTIVES: As gynecologic cancer care shifts to the outpatient setting, caregivers are instrumental in helping patients navigate the demands of the disease and treatment. Through social media, we aimed to understand the needs of caregivers of patients with gynecologic cancers and support services necessary to meet these needs. METHODS: On January 10, 2018, a monthly Twitter discussion session was hosted by the GYNecologic Cancer Social Media community (handle @GYNCSM) using the hashtag #GYNCSM...
October 15, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325721/communication-predictors-of-patient-and-companion-satisfaction-with-alzheimer-s-genetic-risk-disclosure
#20
Yue Guan, Debra L Roter, Lori H Erby, Jennifer L Wolff, Laura N Gitlin, J Scott Roberts, Robert C Green, Kurt D Christensen
The objective of this study was to identify how features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) genetic risk disclosure communication relate to patient and visit companion satisfaction. We conducted secondary analyses of 79 session recordings from the fourth REVEAL Study, a randomized-controlled trial of AD genetic risk disclosure among patients with mild cognitive impairment. Patient and companion satisfaction were ascertained from postdisclosure surveys. The Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) was used to code triadic communication between the counselor, patient, and companion...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
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