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Emotional Care

Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Kirsten Smith, Saara Bhanji, Rachelle Shepley, Andreja Modor, Andrew Bertrim
BACKGROUND: Investigations into the use of mindfulness with allied health and social care students, many of whom ultimately work in rehabilitation settings, is in the nascent stages and no systematic mapping of the literature has occurred. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify, summarise, and describe the current state of knowledge on mindfulness in allied health and social care professional education. METHODS: Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology was adopted...
December 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Stephanie Petty, Tom Dening, Amanda Griffiths, Donna Maria Coleston
Background and Objectives: People with dementia are vulnerable when in hospital, with serious risks to their physical and emotional well-being. Hospital staff are expected to understand and respond to the emotions of the patient; however, it is not known how this can be achieved. We provide a concise description of achievable emotion-focused care for patients with dementia. Design and Methods: Exploratory qualitative interviews were conducted with a whole U.K. hospital ward providing dementia care, constituting 47 staff members...
December 4, 2018: Gerontologist
Eliana de Cássia Arantes, Carina Aparecida Marosti Dessotte, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Lidia Aparecida Rossi, Rejane Kiyomi Furuya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term results of an educational program compared to usual care. METHOD: A longitudinal study in which 56 participants from a previous study (randomized controlled clinical trial) were evaluated twelve months after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study: 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Fumika Mano, Kaori Ikeda, Yukiko Uchida, I-Ting Huai-Ching Liu, Erina Joo, Mizuyo Okura, Nobuya Inagaki
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Recent evidence shows that cultural context can influence the management of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between interdependence, which is valued in the Eastern cultural context, and diabetes self-care behavior in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 161 Japanese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus using well-established questionnaires...
December 5, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Carol A Kidron, Laurence J Kirmayer
Efforts to provide culturally appropriate global mental health interventions have included attention to local idioms of distress. This article critically examines the potential gap between lay ethnopsychological understandings of the Cambodian idiom of baksbat (broken courage) on the one hand and clinical conceptualizations of the idiom as a potential indicator of posttraumatic stress disorder. Ethnographic semi-structured interviews with trauma survivors reveal resistance to current clinical translations and hybrid Euro-Western and Khmer treatment interventions...
December 4, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Danielle M Varda, Ayelet Talmi
Current approaches to addressing the problems families face when navigating complex service systems on behalf of their children rely largely on state or nationally driven efforts around the development of systems of care (SOCs). However, operationalizing meaningful family involvement within SOCs remains a challenge, with little attention paid to the role of personal social support networks (PSSNs). Specifically, risk factors related to the variations in the social connectedness of family social support networks are difficult to identify, assess, and track over time...
November 23, 2018: EGEMS
Joanna Bourke
Between the late 1960s and the late 1980s, police surgeons found themselves under concerted attack for their treatment of victims of rape and sexual assault. This article explores the tensions they faced between the needs of victims and their legal responsibilities. Should they prioritise care or the collection of evidence? How did they respond to criticism and why were reforms inadequate? I show how institutional structures and ideologies help explain the longevity of cultures of harm within the sub-discipline of police doctors...
November 2018: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
Louise Purtell, P Marcin Sowa, Ilse Berquier, Carla Scuderi, Carol Douglas, Bernadette Taylor, Katrina Kramer, Wendy Hoy, Helen Healy, Ann Bonner
OBJECTIVES: For many people with advanced kidney disease, their physical, psychological and emotional needs remain unmet. Kidney supportive care, fully integrating specialist kidney and palliative care teams, responds to the emotional and symptom distress in this cohort who may be on a non-dialysis care pathway or on dialysis and approaching end of life. We aimed to analyse and describe the operation and patient characteristics of a new kidney supportive care programme (KSCp). METHODS: A multidisciplinary KSCp was introduced through a tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Australia...
December 4, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
David Mukunya, Marte E S Haaland, James K Tumwine, Grace Ndeezi, Olive Namugga, Josephine Tumuhamye, Halvor Sommerfelt, Joseph Rujumba, Thorkild Tylleskar, Karen Marie Moland, Victoria Nankabirwa
BACKGROUND: Cleansing the umbilical cord with chlorhexidine reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality, particularly in communities where newborn deaths and home births are common. As a result, the World Health Organization and national authorities are advocating the scale up of this intervention. In order for such a scale up to be effective, it has to be acceptable to the targeted population. With the overall aim to clarify conditions for scale-up, this study explored the acceptability of single dose chlorhexidine solution for umbilical cord care among health workers and infant care providers in the districts of Kampala and Mukono in Central Uganda...
December 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Pranee Liamputtong, Della A Forster
In Australia, the PANDA-Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia National Helpline (the Helpline) offers support to callers impacted by emotional health challenges in the perinatal period. Callers receive counselling from professional staff and peer support from volunteers. An understanding of factors that contribute to callers' experiences of emotional distress, as well as potential barriers and facilitators to help-seeking, can be used to inform future service design and delivery. A caller intake form is completed by Helpline staff when an individual contacts the service for the first time, or re-engages after a period of non-contact...
December 3, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Ulla-Sisko Lehto, Markku Ojanen, Anna Väkevä, Tadeusz Dyba, Arpo Aromaa, Pirkko Kellokumpu-Lehtinen
PURPOSE: The constructs evaluated in investigating association between psychosocial factors and cancer survival has varied between studies, and factors related to quality of life (QOL) have shown contradictory results. We investigated the effect of socioeconomic and early QOL and psychological factors on disease-free time and survival in localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A consecutive sample of patients with localized prostate cancer (T1-3, N0, M0) treated with external beam radiotherapy completed validated questionnaires on coping with cancer (the Ways of Coping Questionnaire WOC-CA), anger expression (the Anger Expression Scale), life events (the Life Experience Survey), and various aspects of QOL (the Rotterdam Symptom Checklist, the Depression Scale DEPS, the EORTC QLQ-C30, the LENT-SOMA outcome measure) approximately 4...
December 3, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Nicolas S Marjanovic, Christelle Teiten, Nicola Pallamin, Erwan L'Her
OBJECTIVE: To assess how stressful conditions in endotracheal intubation could induct emotional excitation in a population of acute care physicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two situations were randomly tested: one in standard and easy intubation conditions the other under difficult conditions presumed to induce stress (monitoring alarms, manikin lying on the floor, difficult intubation). Emotional excitation was assessed using several physiological (cardiac patterns, electrodermal activity and eye-tracking) and psycho-cognitive patterns...
December 4, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
Imogen H Bell, Sarah F Fielding-Smith, Mark Hayward, Susan L Rossell, Michelle H Lim, John Farhall, Neil Thomas
Common approaches to the psychological treatment of distressing voice hearing experiences, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, aim to promote more adaptive cognitive, emotional and behavioural responses to these experiences. Digital technologies such as smartphones show promise for supporting and enhancing these treatments by linking immediate therapeutic settings to the context of daily life. Two promising technologies include ecological momentary assessment and intervention (EMA/I), which may offer a means of advanced assessment and support in daily life, and inform the tailoring of interventions to suit individual needs...
December 2018: Internet Interventions: the Application of Information Technology in Mental and Behavioural Health
Matthew P White, Nicola L Yeo, Peeter Vassiljev, Rikard Lundstedt, Mattias Wallergård, Maria Albin, Mare Lõhmus
Many studies suggest that increased exposure to urban greenness is associated with better population health. Accessing nature can in some circumstances, however, be difficult, especially for individuals with mobility constraints. Therefore, a growing body of work is investigating the ways to replace the in vivo experience with forms of "virtual" contact, in order to provide these individuals with at least some benefits of the natural environment. The aim of this paper is to provide a review of previous use of virtual reality (VR) nature in health and care settings and contemplate the potential use of this technology in future...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Aleeya Healey, Alan Mendelsohn
Play is essential to optimal child development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. It also offers an ideal and significant opportunity for parents and other caregivers to engage fully with children using toys as an instrument of play and interaction. The evolution of societal perceptions of toys from children's playthings to critical facilitators of early brain and child development has challenged caregivers in deciding which toys are most appropriate for their children...
December 3, 2018: Pediatrics
Á M Henao-Castaño, M A Quiñonez-Mora
The death of a child in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is difficult, the loss generates feelings of sadness and pain; this study highlights the different coping strategies used by nurses to manage this situation and find the strength to provide care at the end of life. OBJECTIVE: Explore the strategies used by nurses in the PICU in coping with death. METHODS: Study conducted in the city of Manizales, Colombia, during the months of October, November and December...
November 30, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
Ceren Orhan, Eveline Van Looveren, Barbara Cagnie, Naziru Bashir Mukhtar, Dorine Lenoir, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain has been considered as a biopsychosocial condition in which cognitive and emotional factors as well as biological factors significantly affect perception of pain. Race, ethnicity and culture have a crucial impact on illness beliefs, health care preferences, help-seeking behaviors, and acceptance of medical interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to systematically review the current evidence regarding the racial, ethnic and cultural alterations and differences in pain beliefs, cognitions, and behaviors in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (MSKP)...
November 2018: Pain Physician
Marlene Hechtner, Martin Eichler, Beatrice Wehler, Roland Buhl, Martin Sebastian, Jan Stratmann, Heinz Schmidberger, Bernhard Gohrbandt, Jessica Peuser, Cornelius Kortsik, Ursula Nestle, Sebastian Wiesemann, Hubert Wirtz, Thomas Wehler, Robert Bals, Maria Blettner, Susanne Singer
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to assess quality of life (QoL) in lung cancer survivors, compare it to the general population, and identify factors associated with global QoL, physical functioning, emotional functioning, fatigue, pain, and dyspnea. METHODS: Data from non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who had survived ≥1 year after diagnosis were collected cross-sectionally in a multicenter study. QoL was assessed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the lung cancer module QLQ-LC13 across different clinical subgroups and compared to age- and gender-standardized general population reference values...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Hedvig Sultson, Uku Vainik, Kairi Kreegipuu
Automatic detection of important and unexpected stimuli in the visual environment is crucial for survival. We sought to explore whether visual food stimuli are detected already in the pre-attentive stimulus processing phase, and whether hunger enhances such automatic detection. To attain these goals, we adapted an electroencephalography paradigm - visual mismatch negativity (vMMN). vMMN is a useful paradigm to study the processing of salient emotional stimuli which has not yet been applied in the context of eating behaviours...
November 30, 2018: Appetite
Masahiro Nishioka, Toru Okuyama, Megumi Uchida, Sayo Aiki, Yoshinori Ito, Satoshi Osaga, Fuminobu Imai, Tatsuo Akechi
Background: The family members of terminally ill patients are often requested to make difficult surrogate decisions during palliative care. This study sought to clarify the appropriate communication style for physicians as perceived by family members confronting difficult surrogate decision-making. Methods: This experimental psychological study used scripted videos. In the videos, the physician described treatment options including continuous deep sedation to the family members of patients with cancer and terminal delirium using an autonomous or paternalistic style...
December 1, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
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