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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238108/medical-facility-statistics-in-japan
#1
REVIEW
Nobuyuki Hamajima, Takuya Sugimoto, Ryo Hasebe, Su Myat Cho, Moe Khaing, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Yu Mon Saw, Eiko Yamamoto
Medical facility statistics provide essential information to policymakers, administrators, academics, and practitioners in the field of health services. In Japan, the Health Statistics Office of the Director-General for Statistics and Information Policy at the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare is generating these statistics. Although the statistics are widely available in both Japanese and English, the methodology described in the technical reports are primarily in Japanese, and are not fully described in English...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231914/determinants-of-late-life-depression-in-residents-of-long-term-care-facility
#2
Urszula Horwath, Katarzyna Szczerbińska
Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF). Late-life depression refers to depressive symptoms that arise in adults older than 65 years. According to literature review, older people tend to differ from middle-aged adults in presentation of depression. AIM: Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF)...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228939/the-ethics-of-caring-for-hospital-dependent-patients
#3
Calvin Sung, Jennifer L Herbst
BACKGROUND: Hospital-dependent patients are individuals who are repeatedly readmitted to the hospital because their acute medical needs cannot be met elsewhere. Unlike the chronically critically ill, these patients do not have a continuous need for life-sustaining equipment and can experience periods of relative stability where they have a good quality of life. However, some end up spending months or even years in the hospital receiving resource-intensive care because they are unable to be safely discharged, despite an initial optimistic prognosis...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226329/expectations-and-needs-of-ugandan-women-for-improved-quality-of-childbirth-care-in-health-facilities-a-qualitative-study
#4
David Kyaddondo, Kidza Mugerwa, Josaphat Byamugisha, Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences, expectations, and needs of urban Ugandan women in relation to good-quality facility childbirth. METHODS: Women who had given birth in the 12 months prior to the study were purposively sampled and interviewed, or included in focus groups. Thematic analysis was used, and the data were interpreted within the context of an existing quality of care framework. RESULTS: Forty-five in-depth interviews and six focus group discussions were conducted...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223487/implementing-a-province-wide-mandatory-vaccinate-or-mask-policy-at-healthcare-facilities-in-british-columbia-canada
#5
Alexandra Nunn, Audrey C Campbell, Monika Naus, Jeffrey C Kwong, David Puddicombe, Susan Quach, Bonnie Henry
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, British Columbia (BC) became the first Canadian province to implement an influenza prevention policy requiring healthcare workers (HCW) to either be vaccinated annually against influenza or wear a mask in patient care areas during the influenza season. This study describes an evaluation of influenza policy implementation processes and identifies supports and challenges related to successful policy implementation at the level of healthcare facilities, during the second policy year (2013/14)...
December 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222895/sarcopenia-and-cachexia-evaluation-in-different-healthcare-settings-a-questionnaire-survey-of-health-professionals
#6
Saori Nakahara, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Yoji Kokura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The rates of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations by different occupational groups at different settings are unclear. The objectives are to evaluate and compare the relative use of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations among dietitians and associated healthcare professionals in a diverse range of settings. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 4,621 members from the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition. Settings included acute general wards, convalescent rehabilitation wards, long-term care wards, homecare service, and other settings...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219936/end-of-life-care-discussion-for-residents-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities
#7
Hsiu-Li Huang, Li-Chueh Weng, WeWen-Yu Hu, Yea-Ing Lotus Shyu, Wen-Pin Yu, Kang-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals play an important role in end-of-life care decisions. Although the factors affecting end-of-life care in long-term care facilities have been well studied in Western contexts, few studies have examined factors affecting end-of-life care discussions for residents with dementia among multidisciplinary professionals in Asian or Taiwanese contexts. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the factors related to the end-of-life care discussions of registered nurses, social workers, and physicians with residents with dementia and their families...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217720/likelihood-of-death-among-hospital-inpatients-in-new-zealand-prevalent-cohort-study
#8
Merryn Gott, Joanna Broad, Xian Zhang, Lene Jarlbaek, David Clark
OBJECTIVES: (1) To establish the likelihood of dying within 12 months for a cohort of hospital inpatients in New Zealand (NZ) on a fixed census date; (2) to identify associations between likelihood of death and key sociodemographic, diagnostic and service-related factors and (3) to compare results with, and extend findings of, a Scottish study undertaken for the same time period and census date. National databases of hospitalisations and death registrations were used, linked by unique health identifier...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207973/identifying-models-of-hiv-care-and-treatment-service-delivery-in-tanzania-uganda-and-zambia-using-cluster-analysis-and-delphi-survey
#9
Sharon Tsui, Julie A Denison, Caitlin E Kennedy, Larry W Chang, Olivier Koole, Kwasi Torpey, Eric Van Praag, Jason Farley, Nathan Ford, Leine Stuart, Fred Wabwire-Mangen
BACKGROUND: Organization of HIV care and treatment services, including clinic staffing and services, may shape clinical and financial outcomes, yet there has been little attempt to describe different models of HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Information about the relative benefits and drawbacks of different models could inform the scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and associated services in resource-limited settings (RLS), especially in light of expanded client populations with country adoption of WHO's test and treat recommendation...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204334/norovirus-disease-in-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-facilities-strategies-for-management
#10
Yingxi Chen, Aron J Hall, Martyn D Kirk
Purpose of Review: Noroviruses are the most common cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks in long-term care facility (LTCFs). This review summarizes the most up-to-date knowledge on norovirus infection in LTCFs with the aim of identifying potential strategies for management. Recent Findings: LTCF residents are at greater risk of norovirus infection. Early identification of norovirus infection and prompt initiation of appropriate supportive therapy are required to reduce morbidity and mortality...
2017: Current Geriatrics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199457/urinary-tract-infections-in-long-term-care-facility-residents
#11
Jobje Haayman, Ellen E Stobberingh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198287/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-the-prevalence-of-psychotropic-medications-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-australian-long-term-care-facilities-issues-of-concern
#12
Mitchell McMaster, Elaine Fielding, David Lim, Wendy Moyle, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are a common problem in long-term care facilities (LTC). Clinical guidelines dictate that first-line treatments for BPSD are psychosocial and behavioral interventions; if these are unsuccessful, psychotropic medications may be trialed at low doses and their effects can be monitored. METHODS: There have previously been no studies with nationally representative samples to investigate psychotropic administration in LTCs in Australia...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198045/physical-and-mental-health-status-and-their-correlations-among-older-wheelchair-users-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-facilities
#13
Chu-Lin Chang, Kuei-Min Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the physical health (daily functioning and functional fitness) and mental health (depression and behavioral dysfunction) of older wheelchair users with dementia in long-term care facilities, examine the correlations between physical and mental health, and identify the independent variables of their daily functioning. METHODS: A descriptive correlational method was adopted, which was conducted in six long-term care facilities in three cities, south Taiwan...
December 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197143/do-mental-health-consumers-want-to-improve-their-long-term-disease-risk-behaviours-a-survey-of-over-2000-psychiatric-inpatients
#14
Kate Bartlem, Jacqueline Bailey, Alexandra Metse, Ashley Asara, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, John Wiggers, Jenny Bowman
Policies and clinical guidelines acknowledge the role mental health services have in addressing the physical health of individuals with a mental illness; however, little research has explored interest in reducing health risk behaviours or the acceptability of receiving support to reduce such risks among psychiatric inpatients. This study estimated the prevalence of four long-term disease risk behaviours (tobacco smoking, hazardous alcohol consumption, inadequate fruit and/or vegetable consumption, and inadequate physical activity); patient interest in reducing these risks; and acceptability of being provided care to do so during a psychiatric inpatient stay...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196476/changes-in-older-people-s-care-profiles-during-the-last-2-years-of-life-1996-1998-and-2011-2013-a-retrospective-nationwide-study-in-finland
#15
Mari Aaltonen, Leena Forma, Jutta Pulkki, Jani Raitanen, Pekka Rissanen, Marja Jylha
OBJECTIVES: The time of death is increasingly postponed to a very high age. How this change affects the use of care services at the population level is unknown. This study analyses the care profiles of older people during their last 2 years of life, and investigates how these profiles differ for the study years 1996-1998 and 2011-2013. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional nationwide data drawn from the Care Register for Health Care, the Care Register for Social Care and the Causes of Death Register...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195594/duration-of-therapy-does-it-matter-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-of-the-duration-of-psychosocial-treatments-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#16
Lotte Kramer Schmidt, Anders Bo Bojesen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kjeld Andersen
BACKGROUND: The recommendations in clinical guidelines for duration of therapy for alcohol use disorder (AUD) are based on consensus decisions. In reality, we do not know the optimal duration of an alcohol treatment course. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials of psychosocial treatment in alcohol outpatient treatment centers. The population consisted of adults suffering from AUD, treated in an outpatient facility with at least two sessions of therapy...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194405/quantitative-properties-of-the-macro-supply-and-demand-structure-for-care-facilities-for-elderly-in-japan
#17
Tatsuya Nishino
As the Asian country with the most aged population, Japan, has been modifying its social welfare system. In 2000, the Japanese social care vision turned towards meeting the elderly's care needs in their own homes with proper formal care services. This study aims to understand the quantitative properties of the macro supply and demand structure for facilities for the elderly who require support or long-term care throughout Japan and present them as index values. Additionally, this study compares the targets for establishing long-term care facilities set by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare for 2025...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191440/predictors-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-and-viral-suppression-after-release-from-jails-and-prisons-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Kelsey B Loeliger, Frederick L Altice, Mayur M Desai, Maria M Ciarleglio, Colleen Gallagher, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Incarceration provides an opportunity for engagement in HIV care but is associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes after release. We aimed to assess post-release linkage to HIV care (LTC) and the effect of transitional case management services. METHODS: To create a retrospective cohort of all adults with HIV released from jails and prisons in Connecticut, USA (2007-14), we linked administrative custody and pharmacy databases with mandatory HIV/AIDS surveillance monitoring and case management data...
November 27, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189977/efficacy-and-safety-of-atypical-antipsychotics-for-behavioral-symptoms-of-dementia-among-patients-residing-in-long-term-care
#19
A S Sturm, K E Trinkley, K Porter, Milap C Nahata
Background There are limited options for the treatment of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Objective Evaluate the efficacy and safety of using atypical antipsychotics for BPSD among patients residing in long-term care. Setting Long term care community facility in the United States. Methods Retrospective observational study of patients residing in a long-term care facility with a diagnosis of dementia not trauma-induced with documented BPSD treated with an atypical antipsychotic for at least 2 weeks...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187944/improving-access-to-hba1c-in-sub-saharan-africa-ia3-cohort-cohort-profile
#20
Naby Balde, Alioune Camara, Joelle Sobngwi-Tambekou, Eric Vounsia Balti, Alain Tchatchoua, Leopold Fezeu, Serge Limen, Sylvie Ngamani, Suzanne Ngapout, Andre Pascal Kengne, Eugene Sobngwi
Introduction: Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is the best surrogate of average blood glucose control in diabetic patients, and lowering HbA1c significantly reduces diabetes complications. Moreover, immediate feedback of HbA1c measurement to patients may improve control. However, HbA1c is unavailable in most parts of Africa, a continent with one of the highest burden of diabetes. To translate these evidences, we are conducting a multicentric project in 10 health care facilities in Guinea and Cameroon to evaluate the feasibility and one-year benefit of affordable HbA1c measurement with immediate feedback to patients on diabetes control and related outcomes...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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