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Nucleated red blood cells

Peter Sykora, Ylenia Chiari, Andrew Heaton, Nickolas Moreno, Scott Glaberman, Robert W Sobol
DNA damage has been linked to genomic instability and the progressive breakdown of cellular and organismal homeostasis, leading to the onset of disease and reduced longevity. Insults to DNA from endogenous sources include base deamination, base hydrolysis, base alkylation, and metabolism-induced oxidative damage that can lead to single-strand and double-strand DNA breaks. Alternatively, exposure to environmental pollutants, radiation or ultra-violet light, can also contribute to exogenously derived DNA damage...
March 14, 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
Chun Feng, Zhaobo He, Bo Cai, Jianhong Peng, Jieping Song, Xuechen Yu, Yue Sun, Jing Yuan, Xingzhong Zhao, Yuanzhen Zhang
Detection of detached fetal nucleated red blood cells (fNRBCs) in the maternal peripheral blood may serve as a prospective testing method competing with the cell-free DNA, in non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). Methods: Herein, we introduce a facile and effective lab-on-a-chip method of fNRBCs detection using a capture-releasing material that is composed of biotin-doped polypyrrole nanoparticles. To enhance local topographic interactions between the nano-components and fNRBC, a specific antibody, CD147, coated on the nanostructured substrate led to the isolation of fNRBCs from maternal peripheral blood...
2018: Theranostics
S Y Wang, S Cui, Z Q Li, L H Ji, J Ma, H H Liu, G Y Zhang, S H Suo, R L Ge
Objective: To investigate the changes of CD71(+) nucleated erythrocyte apoptosis, cytochrome C (Cyt-C) and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in bone marrow of chronic mountain sickness (CMS). Methods: 14 patients with CMS and 15 patients with simple old fracture were divided into CMS group and control group, respectively.Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) were separated, marked with CD71 monoclonal antibody and stained with Annexin V-FITC/PI.Then the apoptotic index of CD71(+) nucleated erythrocytes was determined by flow cytometry...
February 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
John Dou, Rebecca J Schmidt, Kelly S Benke, Craig Newschaffer, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Lisa A Croen, Ana-Maria Iosif, Janine M LaSalle, M Daniele Fallin, Kelly M Bakulski
Cord blood DNA methylation is associated with numerous health outcomes and environmental exposures. Whole cord blood DNA reflects all nucleated blood cell types, while centrifuging whole blood separates red blood cells, generating a white blood cell buffy coat. Both sample types are used in DNA methylation studies. Cell types have unique methylation patterns and processing can impact cell distributions, which may influence comparability. We evaluated differences in cell composition and DNA methylation between cord blood buffy coat and whole cord blood samples...
2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Astrid J F Thielen, Sacha Zeerleder, Diana Wouters
The complement system represents the first line of defense that is involved in the clearance of pathogens, dying cells and immune complexes via opsonization, induction of an inflammatory response and the formation of a lytic pore. Red blood cells (RBCs) are very important for the delivery of oxygen to tissues and are continuously in contact with complement proteins in the blood plasma. To prevent complement activation on RBCs, various complement regulatory proteins can be found in plasma and on the cell membrane...
January 31, 2018: Blood Reviews
Miya E Bernson-Leung, Theonia K Boyd, Emily E Meserve, Amy R Danehy, Kush Kapur, Cameron C Trenor, Laura L Lehman, Michael J Rivkin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of placental abnormalities with neonatal stroke. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective case-control study at 3 academic medical centers examined placental specimens for 46 children with neonatal arterial or venous ischemic stroke and 99 control children without stroke, using a standard protocol. Between-group comparisons used χ 2 and Fisher exact t test. Correlations used Spearman correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Case placentas were more likely than controls to meet criteria for ≥1 of 5 major categories of pathologic abnormality (89% vs 62%; OR, 5...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Domenico Ribatti
The development of the microscope was a precondition for the discovery of cells. This instrument magnifies objects too small to be seen by the naked eye. In 1673, the Dutch botanist, Anton van Leeuwenhoek, made a more advanced microscope and reported seeing a myriad of microscopic "animalcules" in water. He also made further studies of red blood cells and sperm cells. Most studies that followed were done on the easily studied plant tissues. Plant cells, rigidly encased in their cell walls, were ideal to study in situ...
January 29, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
E Schapkaitz, S Raburabu
BACKGROUND: The automated Sysmex XN-9000 hematology system has been designed to meet the throughput and efficiency requirements of high volume laboratories with predominantly abnormal samples. New measurement channels have been introduced namely the white cell nucleated (WNR), white cell differential (WDF), white cell precursor (WPC) and fluorescent platelet (PLT-F) channels. METHODS: The performance of the new measurement channels was evaluated with regards to precision, accuracy, linearity, carryover, throughput and stability...
January 25, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
Y-U Cho, E You, S Jang, C-J Park
INTRODUCTION: We developed and validated reflex testing rules for the microscopic examination (ME) of body fluids (BFs) on the Sysmex XN-550 (Sysmex Corporation) instrument. METHODS: We assessed the detection limits, precision, linearity, and carryover. To develop the reflex testing rules (derivation arm), we tested 515 samples and then validated the rules using another 507 samples (validation arm). RESULTS: All analytical performances were acceptable, and the carryover was negligible...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Deepak Sharma, Nazanin Farahbakhsh
A term male infant was admitted at 48 hours of postnatal life to the neonatal unit for jaundice. The investigation showed total serum bilirubin (TSB) of 17.1 mg/dl, haemoglobin of 11 g/dl, reticulocyte count of 9.5% and peripheral smear was suggestive of macrocytic, normochromic red blood cell (RBC) with target cells and multiple spherocytes with occasional nucleated RBC. The infant's blood group was B positive. Direct antiglobulin test was strongly positive by gel method (3+). Mother's blood group was B positive and indirect antiglobulin test was positive when tested postnatally...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Gakwaya Habiyaremye, Diego M Morales, Clinton D Morgan, James P McAllister, Travis S CreveCoeur, Rowland H Han, Mohamed Gabir, Brandon Baksh, Deanna Mercer, David D Limbrick
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation has been implicated in the pathophysiology of post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) of prematurity, but no comprehensive analysis of signaling molecules has been performed using human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). METHODS: Lumbar CSF levels of key cytokines (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, TNF-α, TGF-β1, IFN-γ) and chemokines (XCL-1, CCL-2, CCL-3, CCL-19, CXCL-10, CXCL-11, CXCL-12) were measured using conventional and multiplexed Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays and compared between preterm infants with PHH and those with no known neurological injury...
December 12, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
M Elsokkary, A Mamdouh, W Nossair, O Abd El Fattah, H Hemeda, S Sallam, M Taema, M Hussain, A Shafik, M Nawara, M Samy, M Abd El Aleem, R Abdelhadi, N Sakna, A Salama, D Salama, O El-Tohamy, N Elsaid
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8-15% of all infants are born with evidence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). MSAF is a potentially serious sign of fetal compromise and may indicate fetal hypoxia Objectives and aim of the work: The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between meconium stained amniotic fluid and fetal nucleated red blood cell counts. As well, we aim to evaluate the relationship between the presence of meconium in amniotic fluid and Apgar scores in neonates...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Chung-Er Huang, Gwo-Chin Ma, Hei-Jen Jou, Wen-Hsiang Lin, Dong-Jay Lee, Yi-Shing Lin, Norman A Ginsberg, Hsin-Fu Chen, Frank Mau-Chung Chang, Ming Chen
Background: Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) based on cell-free DNA in maternal circulation has been accepted worldwide by the clinical community since 2011 but limitations, such as maternal malignancy and fetoplacental mosaicism, preclude its full replacement of invasive prenatal diagnosis. We present a novel silicon-based nanostructured microfluidics platform named as "Cell Reveal™" to demonstrate the feasibility of capturing circulating fetal nucleated red blood cells (fnRBC) and extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVT) for cell-based noninvasive prenatal diagnosis (cbNIPD)...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
Jyoti Ramnath Kini, Saraswathy Sreeram, Anupama Hegde, Sowmini Kamath, Radha Ramachandra Pai
Gaucher Disease is an autosomal recessive disease caused by the accumulation of glucocerebrosidase due to deficiency in lysosomal glucocerebrosidase. Thalassaemia trait is asymptomatic and is usually an incidental diagnosis. Both thalassaemia and Gaucher disease can have similar haematologic manifestations and hence, their coexistence causes diagnostic dilemma. Our patient presented at one-and-a-half years with weakness, pallor, failure to thrive and massive hepatosplenomegaly. Clinical examination and history pointed to a lipid storage disease...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
P L Newton, D R Fry, M P Best
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correspondence between in-house direct cytological assessment of cerebrospinal fluid and results from a commercial veterinary pathology laboratory. METHODS: Prospective inclusion of samples from dogs that were presented for investigation of suspected neurological disease and had cerebrospinal fluid samples submitted to a commercial pathology laboratory for analysis. A board-certified veterinary pathologist assessed all cerebrospinal fluid samples, and a line smear was assessed in-house by two observers...
December 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Ninad Mehendale, Oshin Sharma, Claudy D'Costa, Debjani Paul
Pillar-based microfluidic sorting devices are preferred for isolation of rare cells due to their simple designs and passive operation. Dead-end pillar filters can efficiently capture large rare cells, such as, circulating tumor cells (CTCs), nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs), CD4 cells in HIV patients, etc., but they get clogged easily. Cross flow filters are preferred for smaller rare particles (e.g. separating bacteria from blood), but they need additional buffer inlets and a large device footprint for efficient operation...
November 28, 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
Patricia Pereiro, Alejandro Romero, Patricia Díaz-Rosales, Amparo Estepa, Antonio Figueras, Beatriz Novoa
With the exception of mammals, vertebrate erythrocytes are nucleated. Nevertheless, these cells are usually considered as mere carriers of hemoglobin. In this work, however, we describe for the first time an unrecognized role of teleost red blood cells (RBCs). We found that Nk-lysin (Nkl), an antimicrobial peptide produced by NK-cells and cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, was also expressed in flatfish turbot ( Scophthalmus maximus ) erythrocytes. Although the antiviral role of Nkl remains to be elucidated, we found a positive correlation between the transcription of nkl and the resistance to an infection with Rhabdovirus in a teleost fish...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Mayada Ragab Farag, Mahmoud Alagawany
Erythrocytes are the main cells in circulation. They are devoid of internal membrane structures and easy to be isolated and handled providing a good model for different assays. Red blood cells (RBCs) plasma membrane is a multi-component structure that keeps the cell morphology, elasticity, flexibility and deformability. Alteration of membrane structure upon exposure to xenobiotics could induce various cellular abnormalities and releasing of intracellular components. Therefore the morphological changes and extracellular release of haemoglobin [hemolysis] and increased content of extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) [as signs of membrane stability] could be used to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of various molecules...
January 5, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Ewa Guzniczak, Maryam Mohammad Zadeh, Fiona Dempsey, Melanie Jimenez, Henry Bock, Graeme Whyte, Nicholas Willoughby, Helen Bridle
Stem cell products, including manufactured red blood cells, require efficient sorting and purification methods to remove components potentially harmful for clinical application. However, standard approaches for cellular downstream processing rely on the use of specific and expensive labels (e.g. FACS or MACS). Techniques relying on inherent mechanical and physical properties of cells offer high-throughput scalable alternatives but knowledge of the mechanical phenotype is required. Here, we characterized for the first time deformability and size changes in CD34+ cells, and expelled nuclei, during their differentiation process into red blood cells at days 11, 14, 18 and 21, using Real-Time Deformability Cytometry (RT-DC) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Theodosia Kalfa, Kathleen E McGrath
Erythroid maturation has been classically defined based on the remarkable changes visualized through microscopy. These involve the decrease in cell size, nuclear condensation and organelle loss, and include the final unique asymmetric division creating the short-lived nucleated pyrenocyte and the enucleate reticulocyte that matures into the red blood cell. Understanding the regulation of these processes has been challenging due to the difficulty in obtaining sufficient numbers of cells, particularly of rare intermediates, to study by microscopy...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
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