keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Informal care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679849/global-analysis-of-advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-decade-report-2005-2015
#1
Fatima Cardoso, Danielle Spence, Shirley Mertz, Dian Corneliussen-James, Kimberly Sabelko, Julie Gralow, Maria-João Cardoso, Fedro Peccatori, Diego Paonessa, Ann Benares, Naomi Sakurai, Marc Beishon, Sarah-Jane Barker, Musa Mayer
Approximately 0.5 million people worldwide die from metastatic breast cancer (mBC) every year. This manuscript provides an overview on the status of mBC in several regions of the world, highlighting the gaps in care, resources, and support available for patients with mBC. Primary research was conducted in 2015 and 2016, comprising four global qualitative and quantitative surveys of approximately 15,000 individuals in 34 countries. Secondary research was conducted using literature reviews of peer-reviewed publications, patient survey reports, and media or online articles...
April 18, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679763/leaving-the-nest-improving-food-allergy-management-on-college-campuses
#2
Ashley A Dyer, Amy O'Keefe, Madeleine K Kanaley, Lauren Kao, Ruchi S Gupta
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to young adulthood marks a developmental period where responsibility for management of chronic conditions such as food allergy shifts from the caregiver to the young adult. Fatal food-induced anaphylaxis is most common among adolescents and young adults. However, colleges are currently not well-positioned to provide integrated support for students with food allergies. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to explore the systems, structures, and policies that currently support students with food allergies at college, assess unmet needs, and develop pilot interventions through the use of patient-centered design processes...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679749/matching-adjusted-comparisons-demonstrate-better-clinical-outcomes-with-sc-peginterferon-beta-1a-every-two-weeks-than-with-sc-interferon-beta-1a-three-times-per-week
#3
Patricia K Coyle, Shulian Shang, Zhen Xiao, Qunming Dong, Carmen Castrillo-Viguera
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous (SC) peginterferon beta-1a and SC interferon beta-1a (IFN beta-1a) have demonstrated efficacy in treating relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) but have never been compared in direct head-to-head clinical trials, the gold-standard comparison. A well-balanced matching-adjusted comparison of weighted individual patient data on SC peginterferon beta-1a, and aggregate data from published phase 3 clinical trials of SC IFN beta-1a, was conducted to provide additional information on the comparative efficacy of these two agents...
February 18, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679728/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-lumbar-spine-determining-clinical-impact-and-potential-harm-from-overuse
#4
Nathan M Wnuk, Tarik K Alkasab, Daniel I Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spine MRI is frequently said to be "overused" in the evaluation of low-back pain, yet data concerning the extent of overuse and on potential harmful effects are lacking. PURPOSE: To determine the proportion of examinations with a detectable impact on patient care (actionable outcomes). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study PATIENT SAMPLE: 5,365 outpatient lumbar spine MR examinations OUTCOME MEASURES: Actionable outcomes included: 1) findings leading to an intervention making use of anatomical information such as surgery; 2) new diagnoses of cancer, infection, or fracture; or 3) following known lumbar spine pathology...
April 18, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679591/the-intrauterine-device-as-emergency-contraception-how-much-do-young-women-know
#5
Suzan R Goodman, Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Courtney E Benedict, Jessica R Dieseldorff, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Unprotected intercourse is common, especially among teens and young women. Access to intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception (EC) can help interested patients more effectively prevent unintended pregnancy and can also offer ongoing contraception. This study evaluated young women's awareness of IUD as EC and interest in case of need. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from young women, ages 18-25years, not desiring pregnancy within 12months, and receiving contraceptive counseling within a cluster-randomized trial in 40U...
April 18, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679480/association-between-online-information-seeking-and-adherence-to-guidelines-for-breast-and-prostate-cancer-screening
#6
Hankyul Kim, Christopher Filson, Peter Joski, Silke von Esenwein, Joseph Lipscomb
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 through 2014, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended biennial mammography for women aged 50 to 75 and recommended against the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test for men of any age, emphasizing informed decision making for patients. Because of time constraints and other patient health priorities, health care providers often do not discuss benefits and risks associated with cancer screening. We analyzed the association between seeking information online about breast and prostate cancer and undergoing mammography and PSA screening...
April 19, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679443/a-20-year-review-the-use-of-exception-from-informed-consent-and-waiver-of-informed-consent-in-emergency-research
#7
Lauren Klein, Johanna Moore, Michelle Biros
BACKGROUND: Due to the acuity and time sensitive needs of their clinical condition, patients presenting with certain emergent pathologies may lack capacity to provide meaningful prospective informed consent to participate in clinical research. For these reasons, these populations have often been excluded from research investigations. To mitigate this, regulations allowing Exception from Informed Consent (EFIC) (21 CFR 50.24) or Waiver of Informed Consent (WIC) (45 CFR 46.101) were developed in 1996...
April 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679362/anatomical-variation-in-the-form-of-inter-and-intra-individual-laterality-of-the-calcaneofibular-ligament
#8
Hisayoshi Yoshizuka, Kentaro Shibata, Toyoko Asami, Akio Kuraoka
The lateral ligament complex of the ankle is involved in a large proportion of ankle sprains. The calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) is often involved in severe injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomical variation and laterality of the CFL to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of CFL-related injuries. This study utilized 110 paired ankles from 55 formalin-fixed Japanese cadavers (33 male and 22 female). The length and width of the CFL and the angle created by the CFL and long axis of the fibula (CF angle) were measured after exposing the CFL by careful dissection from the surrounding tissues...
April 20, 2018: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#9
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679317/sensitivity-analysis-for-not-at-random-missing-data-in-trial-based-cost-effectiveness-analysis-a-tutorial
#10
Baptiste Leurent, Manuel Gomes, Rita Faria, Stephen Morris, Richard Grieve, James R Carpenter
Cost-effectiveness analyses (CEA) of randomised controlled trials are a key source of information for health care decision makers. Missing data are, however, a common issue that can seriously undermine their validity. A major concern is that the chance of data being missing may be directly linked to the unobserved value itself [missing not at random (MNAR)]. For example, patients with poorer health may be less likely to complete quality-of-life questionnaires. However, the extent to which this occurs cannot be ascertained from the data at hand...
April 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679269/cytotoxicity-and-histopathological-analysis-of-titanium-nanoparticles-via-artemia-salina
#11
Supicha Kachenton, Wannee Jiraungkoorskul, Niwat Kangwanrangsan, Tawewan Tansatit
The consumption trend of nanoparticles by industry in this moment pays attention to titanium nanoparticles (TiNPs), due to their various applications: personal care products, household products, food industry, electronic devices, and healthcare products. Rising consumption of TiNPs without specific regulatory criteria for control safety releasing quantification leads to concern on the topic of environmental contamination and injurious effect. Therefore, this study investigates TiNP toxicities on aquatic animals representing hazardous effects to natural water resource, by determining 24-h LC50 of TiNPs with histopathology investigation...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679226/national-estimates-of-emergency-department-visits-for-antibiotic-adverse-events-among-adults-united-states-2011-2015
#12
Andrew I Geller, Maribeth C Lovegrove, Nadine Shehab, Lauri A Hicks, Mathew R P Sapiano, Daniel S Budnitz
BACKGROUND: Detailed, nationally representative data describing high-risk populations and circumstances involved in antibiotic adverse events (AEs) can inform approaches to prevention. OBJECTIVE: Describe US burden, rates, and characteristics of emergency department (ED) visits by adults for antibiotic AEs. DESIGN: Nationally representative, public health surveillance of adverse drug events (National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance [NEISS-CADES]) and a nationally projected database of dispensed prescriptions (QuintilesIMS), 2011-2015...
April 20, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679132/-self-reported-vision-in-gerontological-health-services-research-and-practice-an-opening-plea
#13
REVIEW
J Köberlein-Neu, A Seifert, I Himmelsbach
The use of self-reported vision is an integral part of most population surveys and is primarily used for healthcare monitoring. Since the patient's assessment is not always consistent with the objectively measured clinical parameters, the majority of the literature looks critically at the adequacy of self-reported vision, particularly with respect to answering epidemiological questions; however, it is often misunderstood that self-reported vision measures far more than the directly derived information show...
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679089/general-practitioner-s-attitudes-and-confidence-in-managing-patients-with-dementia-in-singapore
#14
Mythily Subramaniam, Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Saleha Shafie, Fiona Devi Siva Kumar, Sophia Foo, Li Ling Ng, Alvin Lum, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
The number of people living with dementia is increasing globally as a result of an ageing population. General practitioners (GPs), as the front-line care providers in communities, are important stakeholders in the system of care for people with dementia. This commentary describes a study conducted to understand GPs' attitudes and self-perceived competencies when dealing with patients with dementia and their caregivers in Singapore. A set of study information sheet and survey questionnaires were mailed to selected GP clinics in Singapore...
March 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679015/popularity-and-novelty-dynamics-in-evolving-networks
#15
Khushnood Abbas, Mingsheng Shang, Alireza Abbasi, Xin Luo, Jian Jun Xu, Yu-Xia Zhang
Network science plays a big role in the representation of real-world phenomena such as user-item bipartite networks presented in e-commerce or social media platforms. It provides researchers with tools and techniques to solve complex real-world problems. Identifying and predicting future popularity and importance of items in e-commerce or social media platform is a challenging task. Some items gain popularity repeatedly over time while some become popular and novel only once. This work aims to identify the key-factors: popularity and novelty...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678969/reducing-the-default-dispense-quantity-for-new-opioid-analgesic-prescriptions-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Marcus A Bachhuber, Denis Nash, William N Southern, Moonseong Heo, Matthew Berger, Mark Schepis, Chinazo O Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: As opioid analgesic consumption has grown, so have opioid use disorder and opioid-related overdoses. Reducing the quantity of opioid analgesics prescribed for acute non-cancer pain can potentially reduce risks to the individual receiving the prescription and to others who might unintentionally or intentionally consume any leftover tablets. Reducing the default dispense quantity for new opioid analgesic prescriptions in the electronic health record (EHR) is a promising intervention to reduce prescribing...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678963/correction-of-estimates-of-retention-in-care-among-a-cohort-of-hiv-positive-patients-in-uganda-in-the-period-before-starting-art-a-sampling-based-approach
#17
Patience Nyakato, Agnes N Kiragga, Andrew Kambugu, John Bradley, Kathy Baisley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use a sampling-based approach to obtain estimates of retention in HIV care before initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART), corrected for outcomes in patients who were lost according to clinic registers. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of HIV-positive individuals not yet eligible for ART (CD4 >500). SETTING: Three urban and three rural HIV care clinics in Uganda; information was extracted from the clinic registers for all patients who had registered for pre-ART care between January and August 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678962/open-label-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-a-brief-letter-from-a-gp-on-unscheduled-medical-contacts-associated-with-the-start-of-the-school-year-the-pleasant-trial
#18
Steven A Julious, Michelle J Horspool, Sarah Davis, Matthew Franklin, W Henry Smithson, Paul Norman, Rebecca M Simpson, Heather Elphick, Oscar Bortolami, Cindy Cooper
BACKGROUND: Asthma is seasonal with peaks in exacerbation rates in school-age children associated with the return to school following the summer vacation. A drop in prescription collection in August is associated with an increase in the number of unscheduled contacts after the school return. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a public health intervention delivered in general practice reduced unscheduled medical contacts in children with asthma. DESIGN: Cluster randomised trial with trial-based economic evaluation...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678929/antibiotic-use-after-removal-of-penicillin-allergy-label
#19
David Vyles, Asriani Chiu, John Routes, Mariana Castells, Elizabeth J Phillips, Jennifer Kibicho, David C Brousseau
BACKGROUND: Penicillin allergy is commonly reported in the pediatric emergency department. We previously performed 3-tier penicillin allergy testing on children with low-risk symptoms, and 100% tolerated a penicillin challenge without an allergic reaction. We hypothesized that no serious allergic reactions would occur after re-exposure to penicillin and that prescription practices would change after testing. METHODS: We performed a follow-up case series of 100 children whose test results were negative for penicillin allergy...
April 20, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678805/mobile-health-to-maintain-continuity-of-patient-centered-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-content-analysis-of-apps
#20
Ying-Li Lee, Yan-Yan Cui, Ming-Hsiang Tu, Yu-Chi Chen, Polun Chang
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a high economic burden, which is particularly prevalent in Taiwan. Mobile health apps have been widely used to maintain continuity of patient care for various chronic diseases. To slow the progression of CKD, continuity of care is vital for patients' self-management and cooperation with health care professionals. However, the literature provides a limited understanding of the use of mobile health apps to maintain continuity of patient-centered care for CKD...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
keyword
keyword
15858
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"