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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223064/patient-characteristics-incidence-technique-outcomes-and-early-prediction-of-tracheostomy-in-the-state-of-victoria-australia
#1
Andrew Casamento, Michael Bailey, Ray Robbins, David Pilcher, Stephen Warrillow, Angaj Ghosh, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is a relatively common procedure in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. AIMS: To study the patient characteristics, incidence, technique, outcomes and prediction of tracheostomy in the State of Victoria, Australia. METHODS: We used data from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database (ANZICS APD) and the Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset (VAED) to identify and match patients who had received a tracheostomy from 2004 to 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223042/experiences-of-early-labour-management-from-perspectives-of-women-labour-companions-and-health-professionals-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Sarah Beake Rm Ma Research Associate, Yan-Shing Chang Ba MPhil PhD Lecturer, Helen Cheyne Rm Rgn MSc PhD Professor Of Midwifery, Helen Spiby MPhil Rn Rm Professor Of Midwifery, Jane Sandall Rm MSc PhD Professor Of Social Science And Women's Health, Debra Bick
OBJECTIVES: to examine evidence of women's, labour companions' and health professionals' experiences of management of early labour to consider how this could be enhanced to better reflect women's needs. DESIGN: a systematic review of qualitative evidence. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: women in early labour with term, low risk singleton pregnancies, not booked for a planned caesarean birth or post-dates induction of labour, their labour companions, and health professionals responsible for early labour care (e...
November 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222921/optimizing-rna-seq-studies-to-investigate-herbicide-resistance
#3
REVIEW
Darci A Giacomini, Todd Gaines, Roland Beffa, Patrick J Tranel
Transcriptomic profiling, specifically via RNA-seq, is becoming one of the more commonly used methods for investigating non-target site resistance (NTSR) to herbicides due to its high throughput capabilities and utility in organisms with little to no previous sequence information. A review of the weed science RNA-seq literature has revealed some basic principles behind generating quality data from these types of studies. First, studies that included more replicates per biotype and took steps to control for genetic background had significantly better control of false positives and, consequently, shorter lists of potential resistance genes to sift through...
December 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#4
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222731/predictors-of-long-term-care-among-nonagenarians-the-vitality-90%C3%A2-%C3%A2-study-with-linked-data-of-the-care-registers
#5
Maarit Kauppi, Jani Raitanen, Sari Stenholm, Mari Aaltonen, Linda Enroth, Marja Jylhä
BACKGROUND: The need for long-term care services increases with age. However, little is known about the predictors of long-term care (LTC) entry among the oldest old. AIMS: Aim of this study was to assess predictors of LTC entry in a sample of men and women aged 90 years and older. METHODS: This study was based on the Vitality 90 + Study, a population-based study of nonagenarians in the city of Tampere, Finland. Baseline information about health, functioning and living conditions were collected by mailed questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222704/healthcare-system-barriers-to-long-term-follow-up-for-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-british-columbia-canada-a-qualitative-study
#6
A Fuchsia Howard, Arminee Kazanjian, Sheila Pritchard, Rob Olson, Haroon Hasan, Kelly Newton, Karen Goddard
PURPOSE: Risk-stratified life-long follow-up care is recommended for adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to ensure appropriate prevention, screening, and management of late effects. The identification of barriers to long-term follow-up (LTFU), particularly in varying healthcare service contexts, is essential to develop and refine services that are responsive to survivor needs. We aimed to explore CCS and healthcare professionals (HCP) perspectives of healthcare system factors that function as barriers to LTFU in British Columbia, Canada...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222598/information-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-their-parent-carers
#7
Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Sarah Drew, Lisa Orme, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore health-related information needs of adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their parent-carers and to examine demographic and clinical variables associated with unmet information needs, including patient activation. METHODS: In a national cross-sectional study, 196 Australian AYAs diagnosed with cancer between 15 and 25 years and within 24 months of diagnosis and 204 parent-carers reported on total and unmet needs for cancer and health-related information...
December 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222364/investigating-inpatient-medication-administration-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#8
Joseph W Rogers, Marc Fleming, Joyce Tipton, Angela Ward, Kevin W Garey, Elizabeth P Pitman
PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine behavioral factors that help explain why nurses often do not obtain and administer medications from automated dispensing cabinets (ADCs) "one patient at a time" are reported. METHODS: To investigate nurses' frequent failure to adhere to best-practice standards for ADC use, a 12-item questionnaire developed using information obtained from an elicitation study and a focus group session was e-mailed to 755 nurses at an academic medical center...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222318/assessing-thrombocytopenia-in-the-intensive-care-unit-the-past-present-and-future
#9
REVIEW
Ryan Zarychanski, Donald S Houston
Thrombocytopenia is common among patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Multiple pathophysiological mechanisms may contribute, including thrombin-mediated platelet activation, dilution, hemophagocytosis, extracellular histones, ADAMTS13 deficiency, and complement activation. From the clinical perspective, the development of thrombocytopenia in the ICU usually indicates serious organ system derangement and physiologic decompensation rather than a primary hematologic disorder. Thrombocytopenia is associated with bleeding, transfusion, and adverse clinical outcomes including death, though few deaths are directly attributable to bleeding...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222250/iron-deficiency-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-clinical-implications-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Christian Breymann, Michael Auerbach
Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia during pregnancy; however, its prevalence is highly determined by nutritional and socioeconomic status. Oral iron is the frontline therapy, but is often poorly tolerated. Awareness of the available intravenous formulations is essential for management. Before delivery, risk factors such as multiparity and heavy uterine bleeding increase the prevalence of iron deficiency and should be motivation for early diagnosis and treatment. Neonates born with iron deficiency have a statistically significant increment in both cognitive and behavioral abnormalities that persist after repletion, highlighting the need for heightened awareness of the diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222203/type-and-frequency-of-side-effects-during-pc6-acupuncture-observations-from-therapists-and-patients-participating-in-clinical-efficacy-trials-of-acupuncture
#11
Anna Enblom, Anna Johnsson
BACKGROUND: Many therapists practise PC6 acupuncture for emesis (nausea and vomiting) during pregnancy, different cancer therapies, palliative care, after surgery, or to induce relaxing effects in general. Knowledge of side effects is central to shared decision-making. AIM: To describe the type and frequency of side effects and the level of needle-induced pain during PC6 acupuncture. METHODS: We included 1298 PC6 acupuncture treatments, delivered to 221 participants (77% women, mean age 52...
December 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221997/what-do-patients-want-to-know-questions-and-concerns-regarding-mammography-expressed-through-social-media
#12
Abbas M Charlie, Yiming Gao, Samantha L Heller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project is to identify questions and concerns patients have regarding breast cancer screening mammography to establish priorities in patient education and health care communication. METHODS: A content analysis of posted questions (June 2010 to February 2017) containing the keywords mammogram and mammography was conducted on the social media question and answer website Quora (Quora Inc, Mountainview, California). Question topic, responses, and number of views were recorded...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221943/religious-hospital-policies-on-reproductive-care-what-do-patients-want-to-know
#13
Lori R Freedman, Luciana E Hebert, Molly F Battistelli, Debra B Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Religious hospitals are a large and growing part of the American healthcare system. Patients who receive obstetric and other reproductive care in religious hospitals may face religiously-based restrictions on the treatment their doctor can provide. Little is known about patients' knowledge or preferences regarding religiously restricted reproductive healthcare. OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to assess women's preferences for knowing a hospital's religion and religiously-based restrictions before deciding where to seek care and the acceptability of a hospital denying miscarriage treatment options for religious reasons, with and without informing the patient that other options may be available...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221709/the-use-of-contact-lenses-among-university-students-in-chengdu-knowledge-and-practice-of-contact-lens-wearers
#14
Qiurong Zhu, Bi Yang, Nan Deng, Yifan Li, Tingwei Wang, Huang Qi, Longqian Liu
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and general knowledge of contact lens wearers among college students in Chengdu, a metroplolitan of Chinaand find out the routine habits of use and hygienic conditions when wearing contact lenses. METHOD: The questionnaire was distributed to 1,600 ametropic participants who were from 8 different universities. Data about demographics, general contact lens handling habits, personal attitudes, hygiene behaviors and eye health conditions were collected...
December 5, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221620/-nomograms-in-routine-clinical-practice-methodology-interest-and-limitations
#15
Thomas Filleron, Léonor Chaltiel, Eva Jouve, Bastien Cabarrou, Julia Gilhodes, Amélie Lusque, Eliane Mery, Florence Dalenc, Alejandra Martinez
In order to help the clinician, mathematical models including several clinical and pathological variables are proposed in the literature with the aim to predict the occurrence of an event of interest. Nomograms allow individual prognosis for each patient. When they are developed, validated and correctly used, nomograms can provide important information for patients' care. But, despite the strong interest in nomograms in oncology, statistical methodologies used remain unknown from the medical community. This paper presents the major steps in the development, the validation and the clinical use of nomograms...
December 5, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221606/-medical-information-system-pmsi-does-not-adequately-identify-severe-trauma
#16
A Perozziello, T Gauss, A Diop, M Frank-Soltysiak, P Rufat, M Raux, S Hamada, B Riou
BACKGROUND: Resource allocation to hospitals is highly dependent on appropriate case coding. For trauma victims, the major diagnosis-coding category (DCC) is multiple trauma (DCC26), which triggers higher funding. We hypothesized that DCC26 has limited capacity for appropriate identification of severe trauma victims. METHODS: We studied Injury Severity Score (ISS), Trauma Related Injury Severity Score (TRISS) and in-hospital mortality using data recorded in three level 1 trauma centers over a 2-year period...
December 5, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221599/symptoms-in-individuals-at-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
REVIEW
Gurpreet Singh Jutley, Zahira P Latif, Karim Raza
An increasing interest in treating individuals at risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to prevent the development of this chronic condition has focussed attention on the identification of risk factors of this disease. Most patients who develop RA progress through a preceding symptomatic phase that may take the form of arthralgia, palindromic rheumatism or unclassified arthritis before a disease currently classifiable as RA is established. An understanding of symptoms that identify individuals as being at risk of RA is a critical issue...
February 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221533/global-health-career-interest-among-medical-and-nursing-students-survey-and-analysis
#18
Jacob T Cox, A Gatebe Kironji, Jill Edwardson, Dane Moran, James Aluri, Bryn Carroll, Nicole Warren, Chi Chiung Grace Chen
BACKGROUND: Global health experiences undertaken in international settings (GHEs) are becoming an increasingly prevalent aspect of health professions education and, as such, merit comprehensive analysis of the impact they have on students and host communities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between demographic/experiential factors and the interest of health professions students in careers involving global health. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered online to a convenience sample of medical and nursing students at Johns Hopkins University...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221531/suboptimal-breastfeeding-practices-among-women-in-rural-and-low-resource-settings-a-study-of-women-in-rural-mysore-india
#19
Sreenivas P Veeranki, Holly Nishimura, Karl Krupp, Savitha Gowda, Anjali Arun, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are progressively increasing worldwide while optimal breastfeeding practices are lagging behind, especially in rural and low resource settings like India. OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices among mother-infant dyads in rural southern India. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data collected in Mysore District from 2008-2011 from 1294 mother-infant dyads...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221421/a-qualitative-study-of-latino-grandparents-involvement-in-and-support-for-grandchildren-s-leisure-time-physical-activity
#20
Hui Xie, Linda L Caldwell, Steven Loy, Mayra Robledo
BACKGROUND: Latino grandparents are often involved in rearing of grandchildren. However, their roles in promoting Latino children's leisure time physical activity (LTPA) have been largely overlooked by researchers. AIM: The purpose of this study is to examine Latino grandparents' involvement in and support for grandchildren's (age 2-12) LTPA as well as issues facing Latino grandparents. METHOD: Participants included 53 Latino grandparents who lived with/cared for or used to live with/care for grandchildren of 2 to 12 years old in three low-income areas of Los Angeles County...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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