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Visceral Mobilisation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215460/early-experience-with-lateral-lumbar-total-disc-replacement-utility-complications-and-revision-strategies
#1
Gregory M Malham, Rhiannon M Parker
Lumbar total disc replacement (TDR) is an alternative to interbody fusion for the treatment of symptomatic degenerative disc disease. Traditionally, lumbar TDR is performed via an anterior retroperitoneal approach with regional risks of vascular and visceral injury. The direct lateral retroperitoneal, transpsoas approach avoids mobilisation of the great vessels and preserves the anterior longitudinal ligament, thereby maintaining physiological limits on motion. This study aimed to (i) report one site's early experience with lateral lumbar TDR and (ii) provide case examples illustrating the utility, complications and revision strategies of the XL-TDR device...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102415/utilisation-of-the-falciform-ligament-pedicle-flap-as-an-alternative-approach-for-the-repair-of-a-perforated-gastric-ulcer
#2
Mohamed Boshnaq, Amit Thakrar, Iana Martini, Samer Doughan
An 83-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. She had a background of ulcerative colitis managed surgically at the age of 18 years with panproctocolectomy and permanent ileostomy. On admission, clinical assessment suggested a visceral perforation and an urgent CT scan demonstrated a perforated prepyloric ulcer. Emergency laparotomy was performed and confirmed a 3 cm perforated pre-pyloric ulcer. Repair of the defect was challenging due to the absence of omental fat to patch the perforation...
April 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26679481/-comparison-of-open-vs-laparoscopic-techniques-in-complete-mesocolic-excision-cme-during-right-hemicolectomy
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Croner, W Hohenberger, C W Strey
AIMS: The technique of open complete mesocolic excision (CME) has improved the outcomes of patients with colon carcinoma. Meanwhile it has become an established international standard procedure. It remains unclear if laparoscopic procedures are able to match the high quality of open resections. A video comparison of the two methods gives insight into the different dissection techniques. INDICATION: Open CME is demonstrated in a 79-year-old female patient with an asymptomatic carcinoma of the ascending colon verified by histopathology...
December 2015: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26284801/-in-process-citation
#4
Zoltán Oláh, László Hidi, László Entz, Zoltán Szeberin
INTRODUCTION: The adequate exposure of the upper abdominal aorta and its side branches are essential for vascular reconstruction of this region. Besides the traditional transperitoneal, retroperitoneal approach or thoracolaparotomy, left medial visceral rotation (MVR) is an option to explore this hardly accessible region. We present our MVR experiences in aortic surgery. METHODS: Using median or subcostal laparotomy we mobilised the left colon, the spleen, the pancreas and performed dissection in the retroperitoneal area leaving the left kidney in place...
August 2015: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24119652/intramedullary-nailing-for-treatment-of-pathologic-femoral-fractures-due-to-metastases
#5
Andrea Piccioli, Barbara Rossi, Laura Scaramuzzo, Maria Silvia Spinelli, Zuozhang Yang, Giulio Maccauro
Pathologic fractures of the femur because of bone metastases seriously affect the quality of life of cancer patients. Different surgical options are indicated to achieve a durable and solid fixation, depending on several clinical, prognostic and mechanical factors. Locked intramedullary nailing is currently used to treat pathologic femoral fractures in patients with multiple metastases when the trochanteric region or shaft is mainly involved. This study evaluates intramedullary nailing for treatment of patients with pathologic femoral fractures, focussing on complications, clinical and functional outcomes and survival rates...
February 2014: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23036875/the-immediate-effects-of-sigmoid-colon-manipulation-on-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-the-lumbar-spine
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Terence P McSweeney, Oliver P Thomson, Ross Johnston
Visceral manual therapy is increasingly used by UK osteopaths and manual therapists, but there is a paucity of research investigating its underlying mechanisms, and in particular in relation to hypoalgesia. The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of osteopathic visceral mobilisation on pressure pain thresholds. A single-blinded, randomised, within subjects, repeated measures design was conducted on 15 asymptomatic subjects. Pressure pain thresholds were measured at the L1 paraspinal musculature and 1st dorsal interossei before and after osteopathic visceral mobilisation of the sigmoid colon...
October 2012: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21153015/-minimally-invasive-anterior-approaches-to-the-lumbosacral-junction
#7
Andreas Korge, Christoph Siepe, Christoph Mehren, H Michael Mayer
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive anterior preparation of the lumbosacral junction L5/S1 via a retro- or transperitoneal approach, possibility of intervertebral mono- or bisegmental rigid (cage, bone graft) or dynamic (disc arthroplasty) segmental stabilization. INDICATIONS: Degenerative disc disease (DDD) with or without disc herniation. DDD with translatoric or frontal instability. Degenerative or isthmic spondylolisthesis. Adjacent segment degeneration post fusionem...
November 2010: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20361178/insulin-resistance-lipotoxicity-type-2-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis-the-missing-links-the-claude-bernard-lecture-2009
#8
REVIEW
R A DeFronzo
Insulin resistance is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes mellitus and is associated with a metabolic and cardiovascular cluster of disorders (dyslipidaemia, hypertension, obesity [especially visceral], glucose intolerance, endothelial dysfunction), each of which is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Multiple prospective studies have documented an association between insulin resistance and accelerated CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes, as well as in non-diabetic individuals. The molecular causes of insulin resistance, i...
July 2010: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19778913/the-il1-like-cytokine-il33-and-its-receptor-st2-are-abnormally-expressed-in-the-affected-skin-and-visceral-organs-of-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#9
Mirko Manetti, Lidia Ibba-Manneschi, Vasiliki Liakouli, Serena Guiducci, Anna Franca Milia, Gemma Benelli, Alessandra Marrelli, Maria Letizia Conforti, Eloisa Romano, Roberto Giacomelli, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Paola Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Early endothelial cell (EC) activation/damage and profibrotic Th2-associated cytokines play a pivotal role in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Interleukin 33 (IL33) is a novel member of the IL1 family that promotes Th2 responses and inflammation through the ST2 receptor. IL33 is also a chromatin-associated transcriptional regulator in ECs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the IL33/ST2 axis in SSc. METHODS: Skin biopsies were obtained from 30 patients with SSc (15 early/15 late stage) and 10 healthy subjects...
March 2010: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19164092/lipe-c-60g-influences-the-effects-of-physical-activity-on-body-fat-and-plasma-lipid-concentrations-the-quebec-family-study
#10
Christophe Garenc, Marie-Claude Vohl, Claude Bouchard, Louis Pérusse
A large body of evidence suggests that the environment plays an important role in the development of obesity. The hormone-sensitive lipase (encoded by the LIPE gene) is an intracellular enzyme that mobilises fat stores in a hormone-stimulated manner. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of the LIPE C-60G polymorphism on body fat and plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations, and to test for its interaction with physical activity. The LIPE C-60G polymorphism was genotyped in 862 subjects from the Quebec Family Study...
January 2009: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17643292/estrogen-and-adiposity-utilizing-models-of-aromatase-deficiency-to-explore-the-relationship
#11
M E E Jones, K J McInnes, W C Boon, E R Simpson
Estrogen has an important role to play in energy homeostasis in both men and mice. Lack of estrogen results in the development of a metabolic syndrome in humans and rodents, including excess adiposity, hepatic steatosis (in male but not female aromatase knockout (ArKO) mice) and insulin resistance. Estrogen replacement results in a prompt reversal of the energy imbalance symptoms associated with estrogen deficiency. A corollary to the perturbed energy balance observed in the ArKO mouse is the death by apoptosis of dopaminergic neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus of male ArKO mice, an area of the brain pivotal to the regulation of energy uptake, storage, and mobilisation...
August 2007: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17393135/adipose-tissue-distribution-and-risk-of-metabolic-disease-does-thiazolidinedione-induced-adipose-tissue-redistribution-provide-a-clue-to-the-answer
#12
REVIEW
X Yang, U Smith
The relative effect of visceral and subcutaneous obesity on the risk of chronic metabolic disease has been a matter of long-term dispute. While ample data support either of the fat depots being causative or associative, valid argument for one depot often automatically belittles the other. Paradigms such as the visceral/portal hypothesis and the acquired lipodystrophy/ectopic fat storage and endocrine hypothesis have been proposed. Nevertheless, neither hypothesis alone explains the entire pathophysiological setting...
June 2007: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17333036/-lymphadenectomy-with-tumors-of-the-lower-gastrointestinal-tract
#13
W Hohenberger, S Merkel, K Weber
For advanced adenocarcinomas, which are the most frequent tumours of the lower GI tract, the concept of radical lymphnode dissection is well accepted. The quality of lymphadenectomy for these malignancies has a strong effect on cancer-related survival. Based upon a strict quality control program with outcome evaluated according to internal results, the technique and extent of lymph node dissection have been continuously developed over the last three decades. These are described in detail, including instructive pictures to clarify the surgical steps needed...
March 2007: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17217164/prolonged-treatment-with-the-beta3-adrenergic-agonist-cl-316243-induces-adipose-tissue-remodeling-in-rat-but-not-in-guinea-pig-2-modulation-of-glucose-uptake-and-monoamine-oxidase-activity
#14
C Duffaut, S Bour, D Prévot, L Marti, X Testar, A Zorzano, C Carpéné
Beta3-adrenergic agonists are well-recognited to promote lipid mobilisation and adipose tissue remodeling in rodents, leading to multilocular fat cells enriched in mitochondria. However, effects of beta3-adrenergic agonists on glucose transport are still controversial. In this work, we studied in white adipose tissue (WAT) the influence of sustained beta3-adrenergic stimulation on the glucose transport and on the mitochondrial monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity. As one-week administration of CL 316243 (CL, 1 mg/kg/d) induces beta-adrenergic desensitization in rat but not in guinea pig adipocytes, attention was paid to compare these models...
June 2006: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17217163/prolonged-treatment-with-the-beta3-adrenergic-agonist-cl-316243-induces-adipose-tissue-remodeling-in-rat-but-not-in-guinea-pig-1-fat-store-depletion-and-desensitization-of-beta-adrenergic-responses
#15
C Ferrand, A Redonnet, D Prévot, C Carpéné, C Atgié
Beta3-adrenergic agonists have been considered as potent antiobesity and antidiabetic agents mainly on the basis of their beneficial actions discovered twenty years ago in obese and diabetic rodents. The aim of this work was to verify whether prolonged treatment with a beta3-adrenergic agonist known to stimulate lipid mobilisation, could promote desensitization of beta-adrenergic responses. Wistar rats and guinea pigs were treated during one week with CL 316243 (CL, 1 mg/kg/d) by implanted osmotic minipumps...
June 2006: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15744648/-what-is-fast-track-surgery
#16
W Schwenk, J M Müller
"Fast-track"-surgery -- also called "fast-track"-rehabilitation -- is an interdisciplinary, multimodal concept to accelerate postoperative reconvalescence and reduce general morbidity. "Fast-track"-rehabilitation focuses on preoperative patient education, atraumatic and minimal-invasive access to the operative field, optimized anesthesia under normovolemia and prevention of intraoperative hypoxia and hypothermia, effective analgetic therapy without high systemic doses of opioids, enforced postoperative patient mobilisation, early postoperative oral feeding, and avoidance of tubes and drains...
March 11, 2005: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11921432/insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetes-role-of-fatty-acids
#17
REVIEW
Peter Arner
Insulin resistance is one of the key factors responsible for hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes and can result in a number of metabolic abnormalities associated with cardiovascular disease (insulin resistance syndrome), even in the absence of overt diabetes. The mechanisms involved in the development of insulin resistance are multifactorial and are only partly understood, but increased availability of free fatty acids (FFAs) is of particular importance for the liver and skeletal muscle. The role of FFAs in type 2 diabetes is most evident in obese patients who have several abnormalities in FFA metabolism...
March 2002: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11590996/visceral-obesity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-effects-of-weight-loss
#18
REVIEW
L Busetto
A large body of experimental and epidemiological evidence has established an association between visceral obesity and the metabolic syndrome, which retains its power throughout the spectrum of adiposity and is still clinically meaningful in severe obesity. The association may be due to an overload of liver free fatty acids (FFA) produced by the high lipolytic activity of omental fat. A substantial improvement in all aspects of the metabolic syndrome with only a moderate degree of weight loss has been observed in a large number of randomised controlled studies and can also be obtained in severe obesity, despite the fact that the patients remain obese...
June 2001: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10607545/integrated-physiological-responses-to-feeding-in-the-blue-crab-callinectes-sapidus
#19
I J McGaw, C L Reiber
The passage of a barium meal (15 % by mass) was followed through the digestive system of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus by flash-freezing crabs at set intervals, followed by radiography of specimens. Food moved from the oesophagus into the stomach region within 15 min. After 1-2 h, food was visible in the midgut, at 6 h it had reached the hindgut, and material was still present in the stomach at this time. The stomach was emptied between 8 and 10 h after feeding, and the entire digestive system was cleared of material after 18 h...
January 2000: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9881238/regulation-of-lipolysis-in-humans-pathophysiological-modulation-in-obesity-diabetes-and-hyperlipidaemia
#20
REVIEW
V Large, P Arner
Adipose tissue is considered as the body's largest storage organ for energy in the form of triglycerides, which are mobilised through the lipolysis process to provide fuel to other organs and to deliver substrates to liver for gluconeogenesis (glycerol) and lipoprotein synthesis (free fatty acids). The release of glycerol and free fatty acids is intensively regulated by hormones and agents. In man, the major hormones are insulin (inhibition of lipolysis) and catecholamines (stimulation of lipolysis). Physiological factors such as dieting, physical exercise and ageing also regulate lipolysis...
November 1998: Diabetes & Metabolism
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