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Patient-reported outcome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651405/-clinical-stages-and-outcomes-of-severe-cases-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#1
J Zhang, Y Jin, J L Sun, Y X Wang, X J Wang, X Q Fu, Z P Miao, J Lyu
Objective: To understand the characteristics and relation of clinical stage and outcome of severe cases on hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) and to establish the evaluation method for understanding severity of this disease. Methods: According to factors as geographical location, economic and epidemic levels, five provinces (Henan, Shandong, Yunnan, Zhejiang and Sichuan provinces) were selected. Reported severe cases of HFMD from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System were selected randomly in the five provinces...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651348/an-e-e-ratio-on-echocardiography-predicts-the-existence-of-left-atrial-low-voltage-areas-and-poor-outcomes-after-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Masaharu Masuda, Masashi Fujita, Osamu Iida, Shin Okamoto, Takayuki Ishihara, Kiyonori Nanto, Takashi Kanda, Akihiro Sunaga, Takuya Tsujimura, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Takuya Ohashi, Masaaki Uematsu
Aims: An elevated left atrial pressure has been reported to play an important role in the development of atrial remodelling in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. The study aimed at elucidating the association between the diastolic early transmitral flow velocity/mitral annular velocity (E/e', a non-invasive surrogate of left atrial pressure) and left atrial low-voltage-area existence, and the prognostic impact of the E/e' on procedural outcomes in patients undergoing AF ablation. Methods and results: Total of 215 consecutive patients were divided into 3 groups based on the estimated left atrial pressure: normal (E/e' < 8...
June 22, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#3
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651262/relationship-of-radiographic-osteoarthritis-severity-with%C3%A2-treatment-outcomes-after-imaging-guided-knee%C3%A2-injections-a-prospective-outcomes-study
#4
Ivan Miletic, Christoph Agten, Reto Sutter, Christian Pfirrmann, Cynthia Peterson
Introduction To be able to predict which patients are more likely to have a positive treatment outcome, the purpose of this study is 1: To compare outcomes after intra-articular corticosteroid knee injections with the Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) 5 and 3 grading systems for knee osteoarthritis, the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) grading system and actual joint space measurements; and 2: To compare the reliability of these grading systems. Materials and Methods Knee radiographs of 117 patients who received intra-articular corticosteroid injections were independently evaluated by two radiologists blinded to the outcome...
June 26, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650907/state-of-interprofessional-education-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#5
Tonya Rutherford-Hemming, Lori Lioce
The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize research in the last 5 years to report the current state of the science related to interprofessional education (IPE) in nursing. Findings suggest that more studies with rigorous research designs are needed to compare outcomes for interprofessional interventions and to determine the effectiveness of IPE on patient outcomes.
June 23, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650904/pediatric-procedural-sedation-using-the-combination-of-ketamine-and-propofol-outside-of-the-emergency-department-a-report-from-the-pediatric-sedation-research-consortium
#6
Jocelyn R Grunwell, Curtis Travers, Anne G Stormorken, Patricia D Scherrer, Corrie E Chumpitazi, Jana A Stockwell, Mark G Roback, Joseph Cravero, Pradip P Kamat
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes associated with a sedative regimen comprised ketamine + propofol for pediatric procedural sedation outside of both the pediatric emergency department and operating room are underreported. We used the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium database to describe a multicenter experience with ketamine + propofol by pediatric sedation providers. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of children receiving IV ketamine + propofol for procedural sedation outside of the operating room and emergency department using data abstracted from the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium during 2007-2015...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650884/can-surgeon-demographic-factors-predict-postoperative-complication-rates-after-elective-spinal-fusion
#7
Danielle S Chun, Ralph W Cook, Joseph A Weiner, Michael S Schallmo, Kathryn A Barth, Sameer K Singh, Ryan D Freshman, Alpesh A Patel, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether surgeon demographic factors influence postoperative complication rates after elective spine fusion procedures. BACKGROUND: Surgeon demographic factors have been shown to impact decision making in the management of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Complication rates are frequently reported outcome measurements used to evaluate surgical treatments, quality-of-care, and determine health care reimbursements...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650867/obesity-and-its-implications-on-oncological-urological-surgery
#8
Mohammad Abufaraj, Andrea Mari, Karim Mansy, Karl-Dietrich Sievert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review and summarize the contemporary knowledge of the implications of obesity on perioperative outcomes in oncological urologic surgeries. RECENT FINDINGS: In men undergoing radical prostatectomy, obesity seems to confer a higher risk of intraoperative bleeding, biochemical recurrence, urinary incontinence, and postoperative erectile dysfunction. The literature was not consistent regarding the benefits of a minimally invasive approach in overweight and obese patients...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650740/in-vivo-investigation-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-pulsed-dye-laser-with-two-spot-sizes-in-port-wine-stain-treatment-a-prospective-side-by-side-comparison
#9
Wenxin Yu, Hanru Ying, Yijie Chen, Yajing Qiu, Hui Chen, Yunbo Jin, Xi Yang, Tianyou Wang, Gang Ma, Xiaoxi Lin
OBJECTIVE: Pulsed dye laser (PDL) with 7 and 10 mm spot sizes is widely used on a regular basis for the treatment of port-wine stain (PWS). BACKGROUND DATA: No studies have reported on the differences in efficacy outcomes resulting from the use of different laser spot sizes in the treatment of PWS by PDL. Thus, an in vivo investigation into the differences in safety and efficacy of treatment between two spot sizes (7 mm vs. 10 mm) of PWS by PDL was conducted...
May 31, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650730/yield-of-staging-laparoscopy-for-incurable-factors-in-chinese-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer
#10
Jun Huang, Hongliang Luo, Chengliang Zhou, Jianjun Zhan, Xionghui Rao, Gang Zhao, Zhengming Zhu
BACKGROUND: Although the role of staging laparoscopy (SL) in detecting radiologically occult M1 disease has been widely recognized, it is seldom used in China and its clinical value based on Chinese population has been rarely reported. The aim of this study is to identify the yield of SL for Chinese patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and determine the proportions of patients in whom treatment plan is altered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data were retrospectively collected from 879 AGC patients who underwent SL without any definite signs of disseminated disease on imaging examination...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650679/establishing-maximal-medical-improvement-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#11
William A Zuke, Timothy S Leroux, Bonnie P Gregory, Austin Black, Brian Forsythe, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
BACKGROUND: As health care transitions from a pay-for-service to a pay-for-performance infrastructure, the value of orthopaedic care must be defined accurately. Significant efforts have been made in defining quality and cost in arthroplasty; however, there remains a lag in ambulatory orthopaedic care. PURPOSE: Two-year follow-up has been a general requirement for reporting outcomes after rotator cuff repair. However, this time requirement has not been established scientifically and is of increasing importance in the era of value-based health care...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650583/von-hippel-lindau-development-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
Karoline Launbjerg, Iben Bache, Michael Galanakis, Marie Luise Bisgaard, Marie Louise M Binderup
The autosomal dominant von Hippel-Lindau disease (vHL) is associated with a lifelong risk of tumor development, especially retinal and CNS hemangioblastomas, pheochromocytoma, and renal cell carcinoma. Knowledge of paediatric vHL development is limited, and current surveillance guidelines are based on expert opinions. We aimed to describe the course of vHL development in children and adolescents, focusing on age at first manifestation, manifestation frequencies, and types. The prevalence of vHL diagnosis as well as manifestations in childhood were evaluated based on 99 patients, who had started surveillance before 18 years: 37 Danish patients from the national vHL research database and 62 international patients reported in 15 articles...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650408/objective-effects-of-breast-reduction-surgery-on-physical-fitness
#13
Jennifer A Knox, D Alan Nelson, Kerry P Latham, Lianne M Kurina
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is known for excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. Although patients report improvements in pain, weight loss, and exercise levels, objective data on physical fitness benefits are limited. METHODS: Using the Stanford Military Data Repository, we identified 89 US Army active duty women with at least 1 pre- and postoperative Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) who underwent reduction mammaplasty during 2011 to 2014. We used paired t tests to compare pre- and postoperative APFT score means and raw values for push-ups, sit-ups, and the 2-mile run...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650397/action-observation-of-motor-skills-followed-by-immediate-sleep-enhances-the-motor-rehabilitation-of-older-adults-with-stroke
#14
Alisa A Lubart, Arthur I Leibovitz, Liora D Peleg, Alexandra I Yarovoy, Gilad O Gal, Eliyahu H Mizrahi, Emily N Lubart
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motor rehabilitation following stroke is a demanding challenge in search for new strategies to improve outcome. Rehabilitation through action observation has been reported beneficial for older adults recovering from stroke. Early sleep session following motor learning enhanced the performance of the acquired motor skills. The purpose of this study was to examine whether an early sleep session following action observation has benefit over action observation alone in the rehabilitation of older adults after stroke...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650360/a-statewide-surgical-coaching-program-provides-opportunity-for-continuous-professional-development
#15
Caprice C Greenberg, Hala N Ghousseini, Sudha R Pavuluri Quamme, Heather L Beasley, Lane L Frasier, Nicole A Brys, Janet C Dombrowski, Douglas A Wiegmann
OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and evaluate a video-based coaching program for board-eligible/certified surgeons. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Multiple disciplines utilize coaching for continuous professional development; however, coaching is not routinely employed for practicing surgeons. METHODS: Peer-nominated surgeons were trained as coaches then paired with participant surgeons. After setting goals, each coaching pair reviewed video-recorded operations performed by the participating surgeon...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650347/electronic-health-telemedicine-and-new-paradigms-for-training-and-care
#16
Catherine S Todd, Stephen J Mills, Anh L Innes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: HIV prevention and care is changing rapidly; guideline revisions and programmatic scale-up require innovative approaches to in-service training and care extension to improve provider practice and care access. We assessed recent (≤12 months) peer-reviewed publications on electronic health (eHealth), telemedicine, and other innovative provider-targeted interventions for HIV-related care. RECENT FINDINGS: Key developments included systems merging electronic medical records (EMR) with provider clinical decision aids to prompt action, demonstration eHealth, and telemedicine projects, reviews or descriptions of technology to improve connectivity in lower resource settings, and a few trials on provider-centered interventions...
June 23, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650204/xen-d0501-a-novel-trpv1-antagonist-does-not-reduce-cough-in-refractory-cough-patients
#17
Maria G Belvisi, Mark A Birrell, Michael A Wortley, Sarah A Maher, Imran Satia, Huda Badri, Kimberley Holt, Patrick Round, Lorcan McGarvey, John Ford, Jaclyn A Smith
RATIONALE: Heightened cough responses to inhaled capsaicin, a TRPV1 agonist, are characteristic of patients with chronic cough. However, previously a TRPV1 antagonist (SB-705498) failed to improve spontaneous cough frequency in these patients despite small reductions in capsaicin-evoked cough. OBJECTIVES: XEN-D0501 (potent TRPV1 antagonist) was compared with SB-705498 in pre-clinical studies to establish whether an improved efficacy profile would support a further clinical trial of XEN-D0501 in refractory chronic cough...
June 26, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650076/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-glycemic-control-and-necrobiosis-lipoidica-diabeticorum-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
Bhavik D Mistry, Afsaneh Alavi, Saima Ali, Nisha Mistry
The association of specific skin disorders with diabetes mellitus (DM) has been well established. Current literature suggests that approximately 30-91% of patients with diabetes will experience at least one cutaneous manifestation of this systemic disease in their lifetime. To date, there are limited articles summarizing the link between necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) prognosis and glycemic control in patients with diabetes. The objective of the study is to summarize and appraise the available evidence assessing the relationship between glycemic control and NLD...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650072/cognitive-interviews-in-patient-reported-outcome-measures-of-function-for-young-people-with-neurodisabilities
#19
Linda Eddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649894/comparison-of-all-cause-stroke-and-bleed-specific-healthcare-resource-utilization-among-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-nvaf-and-newly-treated-with-dabigatran-or-warfarin
#20
Xue Song, Pranav Gandhi, Adrienne M Gilligan, Prachi Arora, Cheng Wang, Caroline Henriques, Stephen Sander, David M Smith
OBJECTIVE: We compared healthcare utilization outcomes and persistence among non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients newly treated with dabigatran or warfarin. METHODS: Using a nationwide, US administrative claims database, a retrospective matched-cohort of newly diagnosed NVAF patients (age≥18 years) treated with dabigatran or warfarin (propensity score matched 1:1) in 01/01/2011-12/31/2013 was evaluated. All-cause, stroke- and bleed-specific per-patient per-month (PPPM) HCRU, incidence rate of hospitalization for stroke or bleed, 30-day readmission, and persistence were reported...
June 26, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
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