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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149741/the-isolated-posterior-malleolar-fracture-and-syndesmotic-instability-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Diederik P J Smeeing, Roderick M Houwert, Moyo C Kruyt, Falco Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fractures are among the most common type of fractures in the lower extremity. A posterior malleolar fracture is frequently part of a more complex ankle fracture and only in rare cases it occurs as isolated injury. Posterior malleolar fractures often occur with associated injuries, such as a Maisonneuve fracture or with bi- or trimalleolar ligamentous injuries. Knowledge about these associated injuries is essential to prevent missed diagnoses. The aim of this article is to describe the isolated posterior malleolar fracture, the possible associated injuries, the diagnostic work-up and therapeutic consequences...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149507/registered-nurse-and-midwife-experiences-of-using-videoconferencing-in-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#2
REVIEW
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149503/sexual-functioning-among-young-adult-cancer-patients-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Chiara Acquati, Brad J Zebrack, Anna C Faul, Leanne Embry, Christine Aguilar, Rebecca Block, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, David R Freyer, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related sexual dysfunction has been reported among adolescents and young adults (AYAs); however, its prevalence over time has not been examined. This longitudinal study investigated sexual dysfunction in AYAs over the course of 2 years after the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Young adult patients (18-39 years old) completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale within the first 4 months of their diagnosis (n = 123) and again 6 (n = 107) and 24 months later (n = 95)...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149493/impact-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancer
#4
Minas P Economides, Moran Amit, Parag S Mahale, Jeff J Hosry, Ying Jiang, Uddalak Bharadwaj, Erich M Sturgis, Harrys A Torres
BACKGROUND: Although an association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs) has been reported, to the authors' knowledge the clinical significance of this epidemiological finding remains unknown. Therefore, the authors analyzed the oncologic outcomes of HCV-infected patients with OPCs. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, all patients with OPCs who were seen at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between January 2004 and December 2015 were reviewed...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149460/the-impact-of-a-prolonged-stay-in-the-icu-on-patients-fundamental-care-needs
#5
Claire Minton, Lesley Batten, Annette Huntington
AIM: To explore patients', families', and health professionals' experiences of a long-stay patient in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: The fast-paced technologically driven intensive care unit environment, designed for a short patient stay, supports the provision of complex physiologically-focused care for those with life-threatening illnesses. Long stay patients with pronounced fundamental care needs fall outside predicted patient pathways, and nurses can find caring for these patients challenging...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149413/tctp-has-a-crucial-role-in-the-different-stages-of-prostate-cancer-malignant-progression
#6
Virginie Baylot, Sara Karaki, Palma Rocchi
Prostate cancer (PC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality in men in the western world after lung cancer. Many patients are not candidates for resection given the advanced stage of their cancer. The primary treatment for advanced PC is the castration therapy which supresses the production of androgens, hormone that promotes PC growth. Despite the efficiency of the castration therapy, most patients develop castration resistant disease which remains uncurable. Clearly, novel approaches are required to effectively treat castration resistant PC (CRPC)...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149404/the-translational-controlled-tumour-protein-tctp-biological-functions-and-regulation
#7
Ulrich-Axel Bommer
The Translational Controlled Tumour Protein TCTP (gene symbol TPT1, also called P21, P23, Q23, fortilin or histamine-releasing factor, HRF) is a highly conserved protein present in essentially all eukaryotic organisms and involved in many fundamental cell biological and disease processes. It was first discovered about 35 years ago, and it took an extended period of time for its multiple functions to be revealed, and even today we do not yet fully understand all the details. Having witnessed most of this history, in this chapter, I give a brief overview and review the current knowledge on the structure, biological functions, disease involvements and cellular regulation of this protein...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149263/vitamin-d-and-assisted-reproductive-treatment-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Justin Chu, Ioannis Gallos, Aurelio Tobias, Bee Tan, Abey Eapen, Arri Coomarasamy
STUDY QUESTION: Is serum vitamin D associated with live birth rates in women undergoing ART? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women undergoing ART who are replete in vitamin D have a higher live birth rate than women who are vitamin D deficient or insufficient. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of abnormal pregnancy implantation as well as obstetric complications such as pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction...
November 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149222/personalized-medicine-and-hispanic-health-improving-health-outcomes-and-reducing-health-disparities-a-national-heart-lung-and-blood-institute-workshop-report
#9
M Larissa Avilés-Santa, John Heintzman, Nangel M Lindberg, Rafael Guerrero-Preston, Kenneth Ramos, Ana L Abraído-Lanza, Jonca Bull, Adolph Falcón, Mary Ann McBurnie, Ernest Moy, George Papanicolaou, Ileana L Piña, Jennifer Popovic, Shakira F Suglia, Miguel A Vázquez
Persons of Hispanic/Latino descent may represent different ancestries, ethnic and cultural groups and countries of birth. In the U.S., the Hispanic/Latino population is projected to constitute 29% of the population by 2060. A personalized approach focusing on individual variability in genetics, environment, lifestyle and socioeconomic determinants of health may advance the understanding of some of the major factors contributing to the health disparities experienced by Hispanics/Latinos and other groups in the U...
2017: BMC Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149187/epidemiology-and-impact-on-all-cause-mortality-of-sepsis-in-norwegian-hospitals-a-national-retrospective-study
#10
Siri Tandberg Knoop, Steinar Skrede, Nina Langeland, Hans Kristian Flaatten
BACKGROUND: Although sepsis is the leading cause of death from infection, there are few population-level epidemiological sepsis reports. The impact of sepsis-related deaths on all-cause hospital mortality is insufficiently described, in particular in Europe where data are non-existent. The objective of this study was to provide nationwide epidemiological results on sepsis hospitalizations in Norway and to estimate sepsis' contribution to overall hospital mortality in a European setting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149151/sacroplasty-a-ten-year-analysis-of-prospective-patients-treated-with-percutaneous-sacroplasty-literature-review-and-technical-considerations
#11
Michael E Frey, Christopher Warner, Samuel M Thomas, Karan Johar, Heathpaul Singh, Maheen S Mohammad, Douglas P Beall
BACKGROUND: The treatment of sacral fractures has evolved since its first description in 1982. Several techniques for sacral augmentation have been developed since 2001, and the rate of improvement is rapid with over 50% reduction in pain achieved prior to post-procedure discharge of the patient. Pain reduction occurs primarily within the first 3 months and is sustained at 12 months; however, the long-term outcomes have not previously been studied. OBJECTIVES: We aim to evaluate the long-term efficacy of sacroplasty versus non-surgical management (NSM) in treating sacral insufficiency fractures (SIFs), including the effect on pain relief, opioid and other analgesic use, patient satisfaction, and complication rates...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149141/music-induced-analgesia-in-chronic-pain-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Eduardo A Garza-Villarreal, Victor Pando, Peter Vuust, Christine Parsons
BACKGROUND: Music is increasingly used as an adjuvant for the management of chronic pain (CP), as it is non-invasive, inexpensive, and patients usually report positive experiences with it. However, little is known about its clinical efficacy in chronic pain patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of music as an adjuvant for chronic pain, as well as to identify characteristics of music interventions associated with positive clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of adult patients that reported any type of music intervention for chronic pain, chosen by the researcher or patient, lasting for any duration...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148910/impact-of-pelvic-pain-and-endometriosis-on-patient-reported-outcomes-and-experiences-of-benign-hysterectomy-a-study-from-the-swedish-national-register-for-gynecological-surgery
#13
Hanna Grundström, Siw Alehagen, Carina Berterö, Preben Kjølhede
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to analyze and compare patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after hysterectomy in women with and without a preoperative complaint of pelvic pain associated with and without a confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis. METHODS: Retrospective nationwide register study. Data on 28,776 hysterectomies performed on benign indication between 2004 and 2016 were retrieved from the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148900/combined-interventional-and-surgical-treatment-of-tandem-middle-cerebral-artery-embolus-and-internal-carotid-artery-occlusion-case-report
#14
Mark B Frenkel, Jaclyn J Renfrow, Jasmeet Singh, Nitin Garg, Stacey Q Wolfe
Tandem internal carotid artery (ICA) origin occlusion and middle cerebral artery (MCA) thromboembolism is a life-threatening condition with poor neurological outcome. The authors report on a patient presenting with acute ischemic stroke from a tandem ICA and MCA occlusion with penumbra. Emergency MCA mechanical thrombectomy was performed through percutaneous cervical ICA access due to the inability to cross the cervical carotid occlusion. Emergency carotid endarterectomy to reperfuse the poorly collateralized hemisphere and repair the ICA access site was performed 2 hours after completion of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) infusion...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148821/the-effect-of-prior-continuous-glucose-monitoring-use-on-glycemic-outcomes-in-the-pivotal-trial-of-the-minimed-%C3%A2-670g-hybrid-closed-loop-system
#15
Toni L Cordero, Satish K Garg, Ronald Brazg, Timothy S Bailey, John Shin, Scott W Lee, Francine R Kaufman
A 3-month pivotal trial using the MiniMed™ 670G hybrid closed-loop (HCL) system in adolescent and adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), relative to a 2-week baseline run-in period, resulted in increased sensor glucose (SG) values in target range (71-180 mg/dL), reduced HbA1c levels, and no events of diabetic ketoacidosis or severe hypoglycemia ( Clinicaltrials.gov : NCT02463097). This brief report evaluated how prior continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) experience influenced glycemic outcomes, in the same pivotal trial...
November 17, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148345/exploring-the-role-of-executive-functioning-capacity-in-patient-activation-and-health-outcomes-among-medicaid-members-with-multiple-comorbidities
#16
Kimberly Case, Yi Guo, Sara Jo Nixon, Keith Muller, Tianyao Huo, Robert Prather, Heather Morris, Dena Stoner, Elizabeth Shenkman
Patient activation, the perceived capacity to manage one's health, is positively associated with better health outcomes and lower costs. Underlying characteristics influencing patient activation are not completely understood leading to gaps in intervention strategies designed to improve patient activation. We suggest that variability in executive functioning influences patient activation and ultimately has an impact on health outcomes. To examine this hypothesis, 440 chronically ill Medicaid enrollees completed measures of executive functioning, patient activation, and health-related quality of life...
May 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148324/the-impacts-of-medicaid-expansion-on-rural-low-income-adults-lessons-from-the-oregon-health-insurance-experiment
#17
Heidi Allen, Bill Wright, Lauren Broffman
Medicaid expansions through the Affordable Care Act began in January 2014, but we have little information about what is happening in rural areas where provider access and patient resources might be more limited. In 2008, Oregon held a lottery for restricted access to its Medicaid program for uninsured low-income adults not otherwise eligible for public coverage. The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment used this opportunity to conduct the first randomized controlled study of a public insurance expansion. This analysis builds off of previous work by comparing rural and urban survey outcomes and adds qualitative interviews with 86 rural study participants for context...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148264/negative-symptoms-in-first-episode-psychosis-clinical-correlates-and-1-year-follow-up-outcomes-in-london-early-intervention-services
#18
Aikaterini Rammou, Helen L Fisher, Sonia Johnson, Barnaby Major, Nikola Rahaman, Nick Chamberlain-Kent, James M Stone
AIM: Negative symptoms (NS) have been associated with poor outcome and remain difficult to treat in patients with psychosis. This study examined the association of NS with clinical features at first presentation to mental health services for psychosis and with outcomes at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Clinical data were utilized from five London Early Intervention Services (EIS) included in the MiData audit database. The sample comprised 484 first-episode psychosis patients with complete Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale data at baseline and 1-year follow-up...
November 16, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148237/supraclavicular-flap-repair-in-the-free-flap-era
#19
REVIEW
Jodie Trautman, Sinclair Gore, Matthew Potter, Jonathan Clark, Dylan Hyam, Ngian C Tan, Quan Ngo, Bruce Ashford
BACKGROUND: Supraclavicular flap (SCF) repair is widely reported in head and neck surgery in select patients and defects. The authors' objective is to present our series of 30 patients who underwent SCF repair for varying defects and to review the scope and outcome of SCF repair in the literature. METHODS: The authors contributed primary evidence of 30 cases of SCF repair. Our outcomes are compared with those reported in the last 5 years' literature; 33 articles published between January 2012 and January 2017 that present original clinical experience of 528 SCFs...
November 17, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148207/esthetic-evaluation-of-implant-supported-single-crowns-the-implant-restoration-esthetic-index-and-patient-perception
#20
Xiachen Li, Bilin Wu, Xiaohui Cheng, Yiming Li, Xin Xie, Feilong Deng
PURPOSE: To test the validity and reliability of a newly developed Implant Restoration Esthetic Index (IREI) and to compare esthetic outcomes reported by patients and professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten graduate students and 10 prosthodontists assessed esthetic outcomes of 27 single-tooth implants with the IREI. Six peri-implant soft tissue parameters were measured using visual analog scales: mesial papilla presence, distal papilla presence, gingival trigone, soft tissue curvature, alveolar process deficiency, and soft tissue color and texture, as well as the six crown parameters: crown contour, crown position, crown labial convexity, crown characterization, crown color and translucency, and abutment visibility...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
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