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"Trauma" AND "Thoracotomy" AND "Emergency"

Luis M García-Núñez, Irving I Morales-Pogoda, Edgar F Hernández-García, Juan A Rodríguez-Inurrigarro, Raúl García-Ramírez, Fernando F Arcaute-Velázquez
Instituida bajo recomendaciones objetivas, la toracotomía en el departamento de urgencias (TDU) se ha descrito como una maniobra quirúrgica salvatoria de la vida en pacientes traumatizados in extremis. Sin embargo, hay pocos reportes acerca de la experiencia con su empleo en la actividad eléctrica sin pulso no traumática. Describimos el caso de una paciente obstétrica exanguinada por sangrado masivo transoperatorio, en la que se realizó una TDU con un resultado óptimo para la vida y la función neurológica...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Edward John Nevins, Nicholas Thomas Edward Bird, Hassan Zakria Malik, Simon Jude Mercer, Khalid Shahzad, Raimundas Lunevicius, John Vincent Taylor, Nikhil Misra
PURPOSE: Emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) is a potentially life-saving procedure, performed on patients suffering traumatic cardiac arrest. Multiple indications have been reported, but overall survival remains unclear for each indication. The objective of this systematic review is to determine overall survival, survival stratified by indication, and survival stratified by geographical location for patients undergoing EDT across the world. METHODS: Articles published between 2000 and 2016 were identified which detailed outcomes from EDT...
July 14, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Nupur Verma, Jeffery D Robinson, Martin L Gunn
Pericardial rupture in blunt trauma is rarely seen on computed tomography (CT) imaging due to its high initial mortality. We report a case of a 53-year-old man who presented to the Emergency Department in hemodynamic shock after intentional fall from height. Chest radiograph, which was taken in the trauma bay as a part of his primary survey, showed abnormal mediastinum contour with pneumopericardium. Pericardial rupture with cardiac herniation, and tamponade secondary to pneumopericardium, was diagnosed on trauma CT scan...
June 2018: Radiology Case Reports
M Chance Spalding, Peter G Thomas, M Shay O'Mara, Christine L Ramirez, Franz S Yanagawa, Heidi H Hon, Brian A Hoey, William S Hoff, James Cipolla, Stanislaw P Stawicki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
J Norton, G Whittaker, D S Kennedy, J M Jenkins, D Bew
Introduction Metropolitan Police data, and those from the emergency department at a London major trauma centre show a resurgence in gun crime. The aim of this study was to collect data on all gunshot injuries over a seven-year period at South-East London's trauma hub. Materials and methods This was a retrospective observational study of all gunshot injuries between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2016 at a London major trauma centre. Information regarding patient demographics, morbidity and mortality was collected...
July 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
W Schreiner, I Castellanos, W Dudek, H Sirbu
Thoracic trauma can be a life-threatening condition due to the involvement of vital organs, such as the heart, lungs, tracheobronchial tree and the great vessels. A coordinated interdisciplinary management is vital for the survival of the injured person. Modern diagnostic procedures provide an essential basis for the surgical treatment of patients. Surgical treatment principles include insertion of chest drainage, emergency thoracotomy, complex bronchoplastic and vascular reconstructive techniques and cardiac surgical maneuvers...
June 29, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
K Elias, M Engelhardt
BACKGROUND: Severe hemorrhage remains the leading cause of death among trauma patients. Resuscitative balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is an endovascular alternative to the established emergency room thoracotomy with cross-clamping of the aorta in patients with severe abdominal or pelvic bleeding. OBJECTIVE: The article reports on initial experiences with REBOA. METHODS: Based on the literature and own experiences the pathophysiology, indications, contraindications, technical details and first results with REBOA are presented...
July 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
Carolyn Moore, Golda Kwayisi, Prince Esiobu, Keren A Bashan-Gilzenrat, Leslie R Matthews, Jonathan Nguyen, Nathaniel Moriarty, Michael Liggon, Kahdi Udobi, Assad Taha, Ed Childs, Omar Danner
Hemothorax is a common occurrence after blunt or penetrating injury to the chest. Posterior intercostal vessel hemorrhage as a cause of major intrathoracic bleeding is an infrequent source of massive bleeding. Selective angiography with trans-catheter embolization may provide a minimally invasive and efficient method of controlling bleeding refractory to surgical treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 19 year-old male sustained a gunshot wound to his left chest with massive hemothorax and refractory hemorrhage...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Eliza E Moskowitz, Clay Cothren Burlew, Ann M Kulungowski, Denis D Bensard
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The utility of EDT in the adult trauma population, using well-defined guidelines, is well established, especially for penetrating injuries. Since the introduction of these guidelines, reports on the use of EDT for pediatric trauma have been published, and these series reveal a dismal, almost universally fatal, outcome for EDT following blunt trauma in the child. This report reviews the clinical outcomes of EDT in the pediatric population. MATERIALS/METHODS: We performed a review of EDT in the pediatric population using the published data from 1980 to 2017...
June 6, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
Janosch Dahmen, Marko Brade, Christian Gerach, Martin Glombitza, Jan Schmitz, Simon Zeitter, Eva Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: The European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest recommend the immediate treatment of all reversible causes, if necessary even prior to continuous chest compression. In the case of cardiac tamponade immediate emergency thoracotomy should also be considered. OBJECTIVE: The authors report the case of a 23-year-old male patient with multiple injuries including blunt thoracic trauma, which caused a witnessed cardiac arrest...
June 5, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
Ryan P Dumas, Kristen M Chreiman, Mark J Seamon, Jeremy W Cannon, Patrick M Reilly, Jason D Christie, Daniel N Holena
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) must be rapid and well-executed. Currently there are no defined benchmarks for EDT procedural milestones. We hypothesized that trauma video review (TVR) can be used to define the 'normative EDT' and generate procedural benchmarks. As a secondary aim, we hypothesized that data collected by TVR would have less missingness and bias than data collected by review of the Electronic Medical Record (EMR). METHODS: We used continuously recording video to review all EDTs performed at our centre during the study period...
May 23, 2018: Injury
Annette C Rickard, James Vassallo, Tim Nutbeam, Mark D Lyttle, Ian K Maconochie, Doyo G Enki, Jason E Smith
AIMS: Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) is associated with low survival and poor outcomes. The mechanisms that underlie TCA are different from medical cardiac arrest; the approach to treatment of TCA may therefore also need to differ to optimise outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the opinion of subject matter experts regarding the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric TCA, and to reach consensus on how best to manage this group of patients. METHODS: An online Delphi study was conducted over three rounds, with the aim of achieving consensus (defined as 70% agreement) on statements related to the diagnosis and management of paediatric TCA...
July 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Ryan P Dumas, Mark J Seamon, Brian P Smith, Wei Yang, Jeremy W Cannon, C William Schwab, Patrick M Reilly, Daniel N Holena
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between high volume and improved outcomes has been described for a host of elective high-impact, low-frequency procedures, but there are little data to support such a relationship in high-impact low-frequency procedures in trauma. Using emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) as a model, we hypothesized that patients presenting to centers with higher institutional volumes of EDT would have improved survival referent to those presenting to lower volume institutions...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Isabelle Rui Wen Yoong, Gregory Heng, Sachin Mathur, Woan Wui Lim, Tiong Thye Goo
Background An emergency thoracotomy can be performed either immediately at the site of trauma or in the emergency department or operating room for resuscitation of patients in extremis or life-saving treatment for patients with thoracic injury. It remains a procedure associated with high mortality rates, and there is a paucity of data from Asia. This study analyzed our six-year experience of emergency trauma thoracotomy in an acute general hospital in Singapore. Methods This retrospective analysis was based on experience in a single institution with all emergency trauma thoracotomies performed by general surgeons...
May 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Andrew Nunn, Priya Prakash, Kenji Inaba, Alvarez Escalante, Zoë Maher, Seiji Yamaguchi, Dennis Y Kim, James Maciel, William C Chiu, Byron Drumheller, Joshua P Hazelton, Kaushik Mukherjee, Xian Luo-Owen, Rachel M Nygaard, Ashley P Marek, Bryan C Morse, Caitlin A Fitzgerald, Patrick L Bosarge, Randeep S Jawa, Susan E Rowell, Louis J Magnotti, Adrian W Ong, Tejal S Brahmbhatt, Michael D Grossman, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure is an important consideration during emergency department thoracotomy (EDT). While human immunodeficiency virus/hepatitis prevalence in trauma patients (0-16.8%) and occupational exposure rates during operative trauma procedures (1.9-18.0%) have been reported, exposure risk during EDT is unknown. We hypothesized that occupational exposure risk during EDT would be greater than other operative trauma procedures. METHODS: A prospective, observational study at 16 US trauma centers was performed (2015-2016)...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Philipp Lichte, Sebastian Kalverkamp, Jan Spillner, Frank Hildebrand, Philipp Kobbe
Patients with multiple injuries in particular frequently also suffer from chest trauma. During the initial phase the identification and treatment of life-threatening injuries is essential and tension pneumothorax is of particular importance during this phase. The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) algorithm should be followed for structured treatment. In most cases treatment by insertion of a chest tube is sufficient but for some injuries an emergency thoracotomy is unavoidable as a life-saving intervention...
May 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
Hiroyuki Otsuka, Toshiki Sato, Keiji Sakurai, Hiromichi Aoki, Takeshi Yamagiwa, Shinichi Iizuka, Sadaki Inokuchi
Background: Recently, trauma management has been complicated owing to the introduction of damage-control strategies and interventional radiology. Here, we discuss important aspects regarding survival of patients with severe trauma. Case presentation: A 74-year-old Japanese woman experienced a traffic accident on a highway. On arrival, paramedics were unable to measure her blood pressure, and her condition deteriorated. The patient was immediately transferred to our hospital in a physician-staffed emergency helicopter, during which she was administered emergency blood transfusions...
October 2017: Trauma Case Reports
Rajasekhar Narayanan, Subodh Kumar, Amit Gupta, Virinder Kumar Bansal, Sushma Sagar, Maneesh Singhal, Biplab Mishra, Sanjeev Bhoi, Babita Gupta, Shivanand Gamangatti, Adarsh Kumar, Mahesh Chandra Misra
Chest trauma is an important public health problem accounting for a substantial proportion of all trauma admissions and deaths. It directly account for 20-25 % of deaths due to trauma. Therefore, this study was conducted to analyze the presentation, patterns, and outcome of chest trauma in a level-1 urban trauma center. It was a prospective observational study of all patients presented with chest trauma to an urban level 1-trauma center over a period of 3 years. Demographic profile, mechanism of injury, injury severity scores (ISS), associated injuries, hospital stay, etc...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Surgery
D Nenadic, M Balevic, M Milojevic, S Tanskovic
Introduction: Extracranial vertebral artery aneurysm (EVAA) and extrapleural haematoma (EH) are rare clinical findings most often associated with blunt or penetrating trauma. However, EVAA rupture can be complicated by development of a large EH. Report: A 50 year old man underwent an emergency thrombectomy followed by graft reconstruction of an aorto-bi-femoral bypass. The post-operative course was complicated by respiratory failure and severe anaemia. Computed tomography revealed EVAA rupture and EH, so ligation of EVAA was performed with thoracotomy...
2018: EJVES Short Reports
Jordan D Bohnen, Leah Demetri, Eva Fuentes, Kathryn Butler, Reza Askari, Rahul J Anand, Emil Petrusa, Haytham M A Kaafarani, D Dante Yeh, Noelle Saillant, David King, Susan Briggs, George C Velmahos, Marc de Moya
OBJECTIVE: Resuscitative Thoracotomy or Emergency Department Thoracotomy (EDT) is a time-sensitive and potentially life-saving procedure. Yet, trainee experience with this procedure is often limited in both clinical and simulation settings. We sought to develop a high-fidelity EDT simulation module and assessment tool to facilitate trainee education. DESIGN: Using the Kern model for curricular development, a group of expert trauma surgeons identified EDT as a high-stakes, low-frequency procedure...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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