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Nasal cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899011/nasal-lavage-blood-or-sputum-which-is-best-for-phenotyping-asthma
#1
Camyla F de Farias, Maria M F Amorim, Michel Dracoulakis, Lilian B Caetano, Ilka L Santoro, Ana L G Fernandes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Determination of asthma phenotypes, particularly inflammatory phenotypes, helps guide treatment and management of this heterogeneous disease. Induced sputum cytology has been the gold standard for determination of inflammatory phenotypes, but sputum induction is fairly invasive and technically challenging. Blood and nasal lavage cytology have been suggested as substitutes, but have not been fully verified. The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy of blood and nasal lavage cytometry as indicators of inflammatory phenotypes in asthma...
November 29, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831517/nasal-and-tracheal-cytological-changes-after-total-laryngectomy-in-long-term-survivors
#2
Giuseppe Riva, Monica Boita, Andrea Corvino, Matteo Sensini, Daniela Peruzzetto, Luigi Chiusa, Giancarlo Pecorari, Massimiliano Garzaro
OBJECTIVE: Complete separation of upper and lower respiratory tract after total laryngectomy results in permanent effects on nasal cavities and tracheo-bronchial airways. Aim of this study is evaluating nasal and tracheal cytological alterations of mucosa in laryngectomy long-term survivors, analyzing the feasibility of scraping for cytological examination of tracheal mucosa. METHODS: Twenty-five laryngectomy patients underwent symptoms' evaluation, endoscopic fiber optic examination, prick tests, and nasal and tracheal scraping for cytological exam...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790447/cytomorphologic-attributes-of-epithelial-myoepithelial-carcinoma-of-nasal-cavity-a-rare-tumor-with-unusual-clinical-presentation
#3
Krishnappa Amita, Shivshankar Vijayshankar, M G Abhishek, Amita Kumari
Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma (EMC) is a rare low grade epithelial malignancy of major Salivary Glands (SG). Though the histomorphology of this tumor is distinct, unusual location and clinical presentation may pose diagnostic difficulties especially when this lesion is first encountered at cytology. We report a case of 60-year-old female presenting with nasal obstruction of three months duration. At FNAC the diagnosis of EMC was suggested and it was confirmed on histopathology. We present this case highlighting the cytomorphologic attributes of this rare tumor occurring at an extremely uncommon location - Nasal cavity...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746841/granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-production-and-tissue-eosinophilia-in-chronic-rhinitis
#4
Aleksandar Peric, Cveta Spadijer-Mirkovic, Svjetlana Matkovic-Jozin, Ljiljana Jovancevic, Danilo Vojvodic
Introduction Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a strong proinflammatory cytokine that takes part in allergic nasal inflammation as an eosinophil colony-stimulating factor. However, the role of GM-CSF in non-allergic rhinitis has not been fully explored. Objectives The aim of this investigation was to assess the concentration of GM-CSF in nasal secretions of patients with non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia syndrome (NARES) in comparison to patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and healthy subjects, as well as to assess the relationship with the degree of eosinophilic inflammation and clinical characteristics of the patients...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717235/exogenous-lipoid-pneumonia-induced-by-nasal-decongestant
#5
Giorgia A Osman, Alberto Ricci, Fabrizio Terzo, Carlo Falasca, Maria R Giovagnoli, Pierdonato Bruno, Andrea Vecchione, Salvatore Raffa, Sabatino Valente, Maria R Torrisi, Chiara De Dominicis, Simonetta Giovagnoli, Salvatore Mariotta
INTRODUCTION: Lipoid pneumonia is a clinical condition that may be initially asymptomatic or confused with an infectious or malignant lung disease. OBJECTIVES: We report four cases of this pathological condition. METHODS: The first case concerned an 85-year old woman with bilateral confluent pulmonary opacities, ground-glass type. Diagnosis was based on the cytology of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid followed by its ultrastructural examination...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716122/atypical-presentation-of-primary-intraocular-lymphoma
#6
Koji Komatsu, Tsutomu Sakai, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Hideki Tsuji, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
BACKGROUND: In 2014, Pang et al. reported three cases with vitelliform submaculopathy as a preceding lesion of primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL). Here, we report a case with an atypical presentation of PIOL who initially presented with vitelliform submaculopathy, vitreous haze and preripheral retinal focus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old female initially visited another hospital with a chief complaint of acute reduced vision in the right eye. Funduscopic examination of the right eye showed a yellowish retinal lesion at the fovea with vitreous haze and retinal foci scattered in the peripheral region...
October 3, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698668/radioactive-merano-spa-treatment-for-allergic-rhinitis-therapy
#7
Desiderio Passali, Giacomo Gabelli, Giulio Cesare Passali, Roberto Magnato, Stefan Platzgummer, Lorenzo Salerni, Salvatore Lo Cunsolo, Alexandra Joos, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Allergic rhinitis is a common nasal disorder with a high impact on quality of life, high social costs in therapies, and a natural development towards asthma. Pharmacological therapy is based on several genres of medications, of which intranasal corticosteroids are currently the most widespread. Thermal water treatment has traditionally been used as adjunctive treatment for chronic rhinitis and sinusitis. The present study was carried out to assess the clinical efficacy of nasal inhalation of radioactive oligomineral water vapours from the Merano hot spring and to compare it with the clinical efficacy of mometasone furoate nasal spray...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492095/ocular-surface-temperature-modification-by-cataract-surgery
#8
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Michela Fresina, Luca Agnifili, Piera Versura
PURPOSE: To analyze ocular-surface temperature changes after microincision cataract surgery and to correlate them with surgical, clinical, and laboratory parameters. SETTING: Ophthalmology Unit, Saint Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients affected by monolateral senile cataract were examined preoperatively and 7 days and 28 days postoperatively. Infrared thermography was used to measure the temperature soon after eye opening, the temperature after 10 seconds of sustained eye opening, and the difference between these 2 values in the central cornea, nasal limbus, and temporal limbus...
July 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344926/effect-of-nasal-continuous-positive-pressure-on-the-nostrils-of-patients-with-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-no-previous-nasal-pathology-predictive-factors-for-compliance
#9
Francina Aguilar, Ariel Cisternas, Josep Maria Montserrat, Manuel Àvila, Marta Torres-López, Alex Iranzo, Joan Berenguer, Isabel Vilaseca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nostrils of patients with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and its impact on quality of life, and to identify predictive factors for compliance. METHODS: Longitudinal prospective study. Thirty-six consecutive patients evaluated before and 2 months after CPAP using the following variables: clinical (eye, nose and throat [ENT] symptoms, Epworth test, anxiety/depression scales, general and rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life); anatomical (ENT examination, computed tomography); functional (auditive and Eustachian tube function, nasal flow, mucociliary transport); biological (nasal cytology); and polisomnographics...
October 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338676/cytological-features-of-nut-midline-carcinoma-arising-in-sino-nasal-tract-and-parotid-gland-report-of-two-new-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Jerzy Klijanienko, Christophe Le Tourneau, José Rodriguez, Martial Caly, Stamatios Theocharis
Nuclear Protein in Testis (NUT) Midline Carcinoma (NMC) represents a recently described, uncommon, high-grade and extremely lethal malignancy mainly occurring in children and young adults. Such tumors are genetically characterized by chromosomal rearrangements of the NUT gene. Cytological description of NUT carcinoma is limited and only seven cases were reported up to date. We show here another two cases studied cytologically with molecular and immunohistochemical confirmation. In both cases smears were hypercellular and composed of isolated or clustered small to medium-sized in size with roundish and oval shape cells...
September 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302143/effect-of-sodium-hyluronate-added-to-topical-corticosteroids-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyposis
#11
E Cantone, M Iengo
BACKGROUND: Available medical treatments for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) comprise systemic and topical therapies. Although topical corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of CRS, they are not completely devoid of adverse effects. Thus, care has to be taken when long-term treatments are prescribed. There is recent evidence that sodium hyaluronate (SH), the major component of many extracellular matrices, promotes tissue healing, including activation and moderation of the inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis...
June 2, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213656/-the-influence-of-an-isotonic-solution-containing-benzalkonium-chloride-and-a-hypertonic-seawater-solution-on-the-function-of-ciliary-epithelium-from-the-nasal-cavity-in-vitro
#12
E L Laberko, M R Bogomil'sky, Yu L Soldatsky, I E Pogosova
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of an isotonic saline solution containing benzalconium chloride and of a hypertonic seawater solution on the function of ciliary epithelium in the nasal cavity in vitro. To this effect, we investigated the cytological material obtained from 35 children presenting with adenoid tissue hypertrophy. The tissue samples were taken from the nasal cavity by the standard method. A cellular biopsy obtained from each patient was distributed between three tubes that contained isotonic saline solution supplemented by benzalconium chloride (0...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171748/metastatic-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-simulating-circumscribed-choroidal-hemangioma
#13
Kate E Leahy, Tanya Karaconji, Valli Thanni, Anita Achan, Adrian T Fung
AIM: To report a case of metastatic small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma presenting as an isolated choroidal mass and initially misdiagnosed as a circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. METHODS: The clinical history, fundus findings, imaging, cytology and immunohistochemical features are described. RESULTS: An otherwise healthy 66-year-old man was referred for a left nasal scotoma and a diagnosis of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. Cytology showed cohesive clusters of small-to-intermediate malignant cells...
September 2015: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171682/diagnostic-and-management-challenges-of-ciliary-body-tumor-in-an-african-american-patient
#14
Sachin M Salvi, Arun D Singh
PURPOSE: To discuss the diagnostic and management challenges of a ciliary body tumor in an African-American patient. PROCEDURES: Our 52-year-old African-American female patient, referred with a nasal ciliary body tumor in the right eye, underwent investigations including A- and B-scan ultrasonography, Optos fundus photography and fundus fluorescein angiography at clinical consultation. A diagnostic fine-needle aspiration cytology and open flap biopsy were undertaken...
September 2015: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159248/on-the-variability-in-goblet-cell-density-in-human-bulbar-conjunctival-samples-collected-by-impression-cytology-with-millicell-cm-biopore-membrane-units
#15
Michael J Doughty
PURPOSE: To assess whether or not the numbers of goblet cells were different across regions of a conjunctival impression cytology (CIC) specimen. METHODS: CIC specimens were obtained from the exposed nasal bulbar conjunctiva from 22 healthy young Caucasian adults, stained with Giemsa and evaluated at a final magnification of 200× (medium power fields). Up to 14 different non-overlapping microscope fields, depending on whether or not a field was without goblet cells, were randomly selected...
May 9, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144366/small-cell-predominant-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-clinicopathological-analysis-of-a-series-of-cases-diagnosed-in-a-western-population
#16
Penelope A McKelvie, Fina Climent, Gregor Krings, Robert P Hasserjian, Jeremy S Abramson, Ben Z Pilch, Nancy Lee Harris, Judith A Ferry, Lawrence R Zukerberg, Aliyah R Sohani
AIMS: Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is usually composed of medium- to large-sized lymphoid cells showing prominent angiotrophism and tumour cell necrosis. We report 13 cases composed predominantly of small lymphocytes diagnosed in the United States and Western Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients included seven females and six males aged 17-75 years. Ten presented with sinonasal and three with buccal disease. Nine had stage IE/IIE and four had stage IV disease...
October 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103838/in-children-allergic-to-ragweed-pollen-nasal-inflammation-is-not-influenced-by-monosensitization-or-polysensitization
#17
Matteo Gelardi, Mariangela Bosoni, Marco Morelli, Silvia Beretta, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Serena Buttafava, Massimo Landi, Simonetta Masieri, Franco Frati, Nicola Quaranta, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND: In patients polysensitized to pollen allergens, the priming effect, by which the sensitivity of the nasal mucosa to an allergen is increased by the previous exposure to another allergen, is a known phenomenon. This study was aimed at evaluating the degree of nasal inflammation, assessed by nasal cytology, in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) from ragweed pollen according to being monosensitized or polysensitized. METHODS: The study included 47 children...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091334/erratum-to-woodworkers-and-the-inflammatory-effects-of-softwood-hardwood-dust-evidence-from-nasal-cytology
#18
Andrea Lovato, Claudia Staffieri, Giancarlo Ottaviano, Rocco Cappellesso, Luciano Giacomelli, Giovanni Battista Bartolucci, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Gino Marioni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075698/focus-on-audiologic-impairment-in-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#19
Veronica Seccia, Susanna Fortunato, Lodovica Cristofani-Mencacci, Iacopo Dallan, Augusto P Casani, Manuela Latorre, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Maria Laura Bartoli, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Chiara Baldini
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the clinical features of audiologic impairment and its relationship with the nasal, vestibular, and rheumatologic profile in a cohort of patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), formerly named Churg-Strauss syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with EGPA, considered controlled according to the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score and the Vasculitis Damage Index, underwent a complete audiologic evalutaion with otomicroscopy, impedance audiometry, speech audiometry, and auditory brainstem responses; rhinologic evaluation was made by means of fiberoptic endoscopy and nasal cytology; the clinical evaluation was completed with analysis of the facial function and, in patients with referred vertigo, with videonystagmography (VNG)...
April 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075116/cell-based-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-canine-transmissible-venereal-tumor-ctvt-diagnosis
#20
Chanokchon Setthawongsin, Somporn Techangamsuwan, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Anudep Rungsipipat
Canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is the only naturally contagious tumor that is transmitted during coitus or social behaviors. Based on the tumor's location, the diagnosis of genital TVT (GTVT) is comparably easier than those in the extragenital area (ETVT) that are more easily incorrectly diagnosed. Fortunately, CTVT cells contain a specific long interspersed nuclear elements (LINE), inserted upstream of the myc gene, allowing a diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based detection assay. The objectives of this study were aimed to improve the diagnostic accuracy by applying the diagnostic LINE1-c-myc PCR assay and fine needle aspiration (FNA) collection in direct comparison with standard cytological and histopathological analyses...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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