Read by QxMD icon Read

Nasal cytology

Aleksandar Peric, Cveta Spadijer-Mirkovic, Svjetlana Matkovic-Jozin, Ljiljana Jovancevic, Danilo Vojvodic
Introduction Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a strong proinflammatory cytokine that takes part in allergic nasal inflammation as an eosinophil colony-stimulating factor. However, the role of GM-CSF in non-allergic rhinitis has not been fully explored. Objectives The aim of this investigation was to assess the concentration of GM-CSF in nasal secretions of patients with non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia syndrome (NARES) in comparison to patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and healthy subjects, as well as to assess the relationship with the degree of eosinophilic inflammation and clinical characteristics of the patients...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Giorgia A Osman, Alberto Ricci, Fabrizio Terzo, Carlo Falasca, Maria R Giovagnoli, Pierdonato Bruno, Andrea Vecchione, Salvatore Raffa, Sabatino Valente, Maria R Torrisi, Chiara De Dominicis, Simonetta Giovagnoli, Salvatore Mariotta
INTRODUCTION: Lipoid pneumonia is a clinical condition that may be initially asymptomatic or confused with an infectious or malignant lung disease. OBJECTIVES: We report four cases of this pathological condition. METHODS: The first case concerned an 85-year old woman with bilateral confluent pulmonary opacities, ground-glass type. Diagnosis was based on the cytology of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid followed by its ultrastructural examination...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Koji Komatsu, Tsutomu Sakai, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Hideki Tsuji, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
BACKGROUND: In 2014, Pang et al. reported three cases with vitelliform submaculopathy as a preceding lesion of primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL). Here, we report a case with an atypical presentation of PIOL who initially presented with vitelliform submaculopathy, vitreous haze and preripheral retinal focus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old female initially visited another hospital with a chief complaint of acute reduced vision in the right eye. Funduscopic examination of the right eye showed a yellowish retinal lesion at the fovea with vitreous haze and retinal foci scattered in the peripheral region...
October 3, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Desiderio Passali, Giacomo Gabelli, Giulio Cesare Passali, Roberto Magnato, Stefan Platzgummer, Lorenzo Salerni, Salvatore Lo Cunsolo, Alexandra Joos, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Allergic rhinitis is a common nasal disorder with a high impact on quality of life, high social costs in therapies, and a natural development towards asthma. Pharmacological therapy is based on several genres of medications, of which intranasal corticosteroids are currently the most widespread. Thermal water treatment has traditionally been used as adjunctive treatment for chronic rhinitis and sinusitis. The present study was carried out to assess the clinical efficacy of nasal inhalation of radioactive oligomineral water vapours from the Merano hot spring and to compare it with the clinical efficacy of mometasone furoate nasal spray...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Michela Fresina, Luca Agnifili, Piera Versura
PURPOSE: To analyze ocular-surface temperature changes after microincision cataract surgery and to correlate them with surgical, clinical, and laboratory parameters. SETTING: Ophthalmology Unit, Saint Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients affected by monolateral senile cataract were examined preoperatively and 7 days and 28 days postoperatively. Infrared thermography was used to measure the temperature soon after eye opening, the temperature after 10 seconds of sustained eye opening, and the difference between these 2 values in the central cornea, nasal limbus, and temporal limbus...
July 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Francina Aguilar, Ariel Cisternas, Josep Maria Montserrat, Manuel Àvila, Marta Torres-López, Alex Iranzo, Joan Berenguer, Isabel Vilaseca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nostrils of patients with sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and its impact on quality of life, and to identify predictive factors for compliance. METHODS: Longitudinal prospective study. Thirty-six consecutive patients evaluated before and 2 months after CPAP using the following variables: clinical (eye, nose and throat [ENT] symptoms, Epworth test, anxiety/depression scales, general and rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life); anatomical (ENT examination, computed tomography); functional (auditive and Eustachian tube function, nasal flow, mucociliary transport); biological (nasal cytology); and polisomnographics...
October 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Jerzy Klijanienko, Christophe Le Tourneau, José Rodriguez, Martial Caly, Stamatios Theocharis
Nuclear Protein in Testis (NUT) Midline Carcinoma (NMC) represents a recently described, uncommon, high-grade and extremely lethal malignancy mainly occurring in children and young adults. Such tumors are genetically characterized by chromosomal rearrangements of the NUT gene. Cytological description of NUT carcinoma is limited and only seven cases were reported up to date. We show here another two cases studied cytologically with molecular and immunohistochemical confirmation. In both cases smears were hypercellular and composed of isolated or clustered small to medium-sized in size with roundish and oval shape cells...
September 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
E Cantone, M Iengo
BACKGROUND: Available medical treatments for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) comprise systemic and topical therapies. Although topical corticosteroids are effective in the treatment of CRS, they are not completely devoid of adverse effects. Thus, care has to be taken when long-term treatments are prescribed. There is recent evidence that sodium hyaluronate (SH), the major component of many extracellular matrices, promotes tissue healing, including activation and moderation of the inflammatory responses, cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis...
June 2, 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
E L Laberko, M R Bogomil'sky, Yu L Soldatsky, I E Pogosova
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of an isotonic saline solution containing benzalconium chloride and of a hypertonic seawater solution on the function of ciliary epithelium in the nasal cavity in vitro. To this effect, we investigated the cytological material obtained from 35 children presenting with adenoid tissue hypertrophy. The tissue samples were taken from the nasal cavity by the standard method. A cellular biopsy obtained from each patient was distributed between three tubes that contained isotonic saline solution supplemented by benzalconium chloride (0...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Kate E Leahy, Tanya Karaconji, Valli Thanni, Anita Achan, Adrian T Fung
AIM: To report a case of metastatic small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma presenting as an isolated choroidal mass and initially misdiagnosed as a circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. METHODS: The clinical history, fundus findings, imaging, cytology and immunohistochemical features are described. RESULTS: An otherwise healthy 66-year-old man was referred for a left nasal scotoma and a diagnosis of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. Cytology showed cohesive clusters of small-to-intermediate malignant cells...
September 2015: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
Sachin M Salvi, Arun D Singh
PURPOSE: To discuss the diagnostic and management challenges of a ciliary body tumor in an African-American patient. PROCEDURES: Our 52-year-old African-American female patient, referred with a nasal ciliary body tumor in the right eye, underwent investigations including A- and B-scan ultrasonography, Optos fundus photography and fundus fluorescein angiography at clinical consultation. A diagnostic fine-needle aspiration cytology and open flap biopsy were undertaken...
September 2015: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
Michael J Doughty
PURPOSE: To assess whether or not the numbers of goblet cells were different across regions of a conjunctival impression cytology (CIC) specimen. METHODS: CIC specimens were obtained from the exposed nasal bulbar conjunctiva from 22 healthy young Caucasian adults, stained with Giemsa and evaluated at a final magnification of 200× (medium power fields). Up to 14 different non-overlapping microscope fields, depending on whether or not a field was without goblet cells, were randomly selected...
May 9, 2016: Current Eye Research
Penelope A McKelvie, Fina Climent, Gregor Krings, Robert P Hasserjian, Jeremy S Abramson, Ben Z Pilch, Nancy Lee Harris, Judith A Ferry, Lawrence R Zukerberg, Aliyah R Sohani
AIMS: Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL) is usually composed of medium- to large-sized lymphoid cells showing prominent angiotrophism and tumour cell necrosis. We report 13 cases composed predominantly of small lymphocytes diagnosed in the United States and Western Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients included seven females and six males aged 17-75 years. Ten presented with sinonasal and three with buccal disease. Nine had stage IE/IIE and four had stage IV disease...
October 2016: Histopathology
Matteo Gelardi, Mariangela Bosoni, Marco Morelli, Silvia Beretta, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Serena Buttafava, Massimo Landi, Simonetta Masieri, Franco Frati, Nicola Quaranta, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
BACKGROUND: In patients polysensitized to pollen allergens, the priming effect, by which the sensitivity of the nasal mucosa to an allergen is increased by the previous exposure to another allergen, is a known phenomenon. This study was aimed at evaluating the degree of nasal inflammation, assessed by nasal cytology, in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) from ragweed pollen according to being monosensitized or polysensitized. METHODS: The study included 47 children...
2016: Journal of Inflammation Research
Andrea Lovato, Claudia Staffieri, Giancarlo Ottaviano, Rocco Cappellesso, Luciano Giacomelli, Giovanni Battista Bartolucci, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Gino Marioni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Veronica Seccia, Susanna Fortunato, Lodovica Cristofani-Mencacci, Iacopo Dallan, Augusto P Casani, Manuela Latorre, Pierluigi Paggiaro, Maria Laura Bartoli, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Chiara Baldini
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the clinical features of audiologic impairment and its relationship with the nasal, vestibular, and rheumatologic profile in a cohort of patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), formerly named Churg-Strauss syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with EGPA, considered controlled according to the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score and the Vasculitis Damage Index, underwent a complete audiologic evalutaion with otomicroscopy, impedance audiometry, speech audiometry, and auditory brainstem responses; rhinologic evaluation was made by means of fiberoptic endoscopy and nasal cytology; the clinical evaluation was completed with analysis of the facial function and, in patients with referred vertigo, with videonystagmography (VNG)...
April 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
Chanokchon Setthawongsin, Somporn Techangamsuwan, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Anudep Rungsipipat
Canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is the only naturally contagious tumor that is transmitted during coitus or social behaviors. Based on the tumor's location, the diagnosis of genital TVT (GTVT) is comparably easier than those in the extragenital area (ETVT) that are more easily incorrectly diagnosed. Fortunately, CTVT cells contain a specific long interspersed nuclear elements (LINE), inserted upstream of the myc gene, allowing a diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based detection assay. The objectives of this study were aimed to improve the diagnostic accuracy by applying the diagnostic LINE1-c-myc PCR assay and fine needle aspiration (FNA) collection in direct comparison with standard cytological and histopathological analyses...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Rumiko Taki, Atsunobu Takeda, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Takako Fukuhara, Ryoichi Arita, Yoko Suehiro, Ilseung Choi, Yuji Kumano, Takao Nakamura, Tatsuro Ishibashi
PURPOSE: Systemic metastatic retinal lymphoma (SMRL) originates in systemic organs. It has been reported to exhibit clinical features similar to those of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL). We report six cases of SMRL in a single-center survey in Japan. METHODS: The clinical and pathologic features in SMRL at the Kyushu University Hospital were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: The mean patient age at the onset of ocular involvement was 75...
April 12, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
M Gelardi, S Taliente, M L Fiorella, N Quaranta, N De Candia, C Russo, P Mola, A Ciofalo, G Zambetti, E Cantone, F Arnone, A Macchi, P Rosso, G Ciprandi
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is a common day surgery technique for upper airway disorders. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a fundamental component of the human connective tissue. HA may exert reparative, anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating activities. Recently, a new intranasal HA formulation has been proposed: a supramolecular system containing lysine hyaluronate, thymine and sodium chloride (T-LysYal®). This randomized study investigated whether intranasal T-LysYal® (RinoLysYal®, Farmigea, Italy) was able to reduce symptom severity, endoscopic features, and nasal cytology in 83 patients (49 males and 34 females mean age 45...
January 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
M Gelardi, S Taliente, M L Fiorella, N Quaranta, G Ciancio, C Russo, P Mola, A Ciofalo, G Zambetti, A Caruso Armone, E Cantone, G Ciprandi
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is caused by an IgE-mediated inflammatory reaction. Non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) is characterized by a non-IgE-mediated pathogenesis. Frequently, patients have the two disorders associated: such as mixed rhinitis (MR). Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a fundamental component of the human connective tissue. HA may exert anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating activities. Recently, an intranasal HA formulation was proposed: a supramolecular system containing lysine hyaluronate, thymine and sodium chloride (T-LysYal®)...
January 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"