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Nasal cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497672/allergic-and-nonallergic-rhinitis-and-skin-sensitization-to-metals-is-there-a-link
#1
M Gelardi, R Guarino, S Taliente, N Quaranta, A Carpentieri, G Passalacqua
Background. Chromium, Cobalt and Nickel are responsible for contact dermatitis, that is largely prevalent in the general population. They can act also as irritants in the upper and lower respiratory airways. Also rhinitis (allergic and nonallergic) is a high prevalence disorder. Both diseases could share some common inflammatory mechanisms, but the clinical association between skin sensitization to metals and rhinitis was never studied. Objective. We assessed the presence of skin sensitization to metals in subjects with rhinitis...
May 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493047/effects-of-cpap-in-patients-with-obstructive-apnoea-is-the-presence-of-allergic-rhinitis-relevant
#2
A Cisternas, F Aguilar, J M Montserrat, M Àvila, M Torres, A Iranzo, J Berenguer, I Vilaseca
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to compare the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nasal cavities of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and with or without allergic rhinitis (AR/nonAR). METHODS: This paper is a prospective, longitudinal study. Thirty-four consecutive CPAP treatment-adherent patients with OSA (17 AR and 17 nonAR) were evaluated before and 2 months after treatment, by means of clinical (otorhinolaryngological symptoms, daytime sleepiness, overall and rhinoconjunctivitis-specific quality of life), anatomical (otorhinolaryngological examination), functional (auditory function, tubal function, nasal airflow, and mucociliary clearance), and biological variables (nasal cytology)...
May 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492610/nasal-cytology-in-children-scraping-or-swabbing
#3
C Pipolo, S Bianchini, S Barberi, M Landi, S D'auria, E Fuccillo, M Gaffuri, P Marchisio, C Rosazza, A M Saibene, M Gelardi, S Torretta
Nasal cytology has become a valuable tool in the assessment of a multitude of nasal pathologies in children. Collection methods differ significantly and even though the use of the nasal curette is regarded as the most reliable in adults, most practitioners use the nasal swab in children. However, no studies have validated the reliability and supposed better tolerability of the latter. We have compared these two sampling methods regarding their tolerability and analysed the diagnostic accuracy of the cotton nasal swab (NSW) to identify nasal cytotypes and rhinitis phenotypes, using nasal scraping (NSC) for comparison...
May 10, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375041/prevalence-of-external-ear-disorders-in-belgian-stray-cats
#4
Anouck Bollez, Hilde de Rooster, Alessandra Furcas, Sophie Vandenabeele
Objectives Feline otitis externa is a multifactorial dermatological disorder about which very little is known. The objective of this study was to map the prevalence of external ear canal disorders and the pathogens causing otitis externa in stray cats roaming around the region of Ghent, Belgium. Methods One hundred and thirty stray cats were randomly selected during a local trap-neuter-return programme. All cats were European Shorthairs. This study included clinical, otoscopic and cytological evaluation of both external ears of each cat...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374869/non-surgical-management-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-based-on-clinical-cytological-grading-a-precision-medicine-based-approach
#5
M Gelardi, L Iannuzzi, M De Giosa, S Taliente, N De Candia, N Quaranta, E De Corso, V Seccia, G Ciprandi
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a common inflammatory disorder that strongly impacts patients' quality of life. CRSwNP is still a challenge for ENT specialists due to its unknown pathogenesis, difficult control and frequent relapse. We tested the hypothesis that a new standardised therapeutic approach based on individual clinical-cytological grading (CCG), may improve control of the disease and prevent the needing for surgery. We analysed 204 patients suffering from bilateral CRSwNP, 145 patients of whom regularly assumed therapy, respecting the planned check-up, and were considered cases; 59 patients were not assuming therapy as indicated and were considered as controls...
February 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371196/cytoarchitecture-of-epithelial-inflammatory-infiltration-indicates-the-aetiology-of-infectious-keratitis
#6
Adrian Smedowski, Dorota Tarnawska, Michal Orski, Ewa Wroblewska-Czajka, Kai Kaarniranta, Pasquale Aragona, Edward Wylegala
PURPOSE: To analyse cytological features of corneal epithelium in infectious keratitis. METHODS: One hundred and eighteen patients (53 males and 65 females) diagnosed with acute stage of infectious keratitis (45 viral, 40 bacterial, 23 fungal, 10 Acanthamoeba keratitis) were included in study. We performed retrospective analysis of bright and blue-light slit-lamp photographs and in vivo corneal confocal microscopy scans of the corneal epithelium from five corneal regions (superior, inferior, temporal, nasal and central)...
April 3, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347164/inflammatory-biomarkers-for-asthma-endotyping-and-consequent-personalized-therapy
#7
Giorgio Ciprandi, Maria Angela Tosca, Michela Silvestri, Fabio Luigi Massimo Ricciardolo
We argue that asthma be considered a syndrome caused by multiple inflammatory pathogenic processes. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness, reversible airflow limitation, and chronic airway inflammation characterize asthma pathophysiology. Personalized Medicine, i.e. a tailored management approach, is appropriate for asthma management and is based on the identification of discrete phenotypes and endotypes. Biomarkers can help define phenotypes and endotypes. Several biomarkers have been described in asthma, but most of them are not commonly available or still need external validation...
April 11, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337893/adjuvant-treatment-with-a-symbiotic-in-patients-with-inflammatory-non-allergic-rhinitis
#8
M Gelardi, C De Luca, S Taliente, M L Fiorella, N Quaranta, C Russo, A Ciofalo, A Macchi, M Mancini, P Rosso, V Seccia, F Guagnini, G Ciprandi
Inflammatory non-allergic rhinitis (INAR) is characterized by the presence of an inflammatory infiltrate and a non-IgE-mediated pathogenesis. This retrospective, controlled, multicentre study investigated whether a symbiotic, containing Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM, Bifidobacterium lactis, and fructo-oligosaccharides (Pollagen®, Allergy Therapeutics, Italy), prescribed as adjunctive therapy to a standard pharmacological treatment, was able to reduce symptom severity, endoscopic features, and nasal cytology in 93 patients (49 males and 44 females, mean age 36...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315627/cytological-evaluation-of-the-nasal-mucosa-in-neonates-exposed-to-tobacco-smoke-during-fetal-life
#9
Marzenna Krol, Anna Tupieka-Kolodziejska, Bozena Tarchalska-Krynska, Ewa Florek, Jan Wilczynski, Maria K Borszewska-Kornacka, Renata Bokiniec
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the cytological picture of the nasal mucosa of neonates born to mothers who are active smokers, passive smokers and non-smokers. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a group of 86 neonates born between 23 and 41 weeks of gestation. The assignation of neonates to one of the three aforementioned groups was based on a questionnaire concerning exposure to tobacco smoke, and on the concentration of cotinine in maternal urine...
November 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128892/a-case-of-nasal-inverted-papilloma-cytology
#10
Andrea Ciofalo, Massimo Fusconi, Pietro Pecoraro, Francesco Alesini, Salvatore Marasà, Giuseppe Magliulo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078863/nasal-irrigation-with-nasir%C3%A2-in-children-a-preliminary-experience-on-nasal-cytology
#11
LETTER
M Gelardi, S Taliente, K Piccininni, G Silvestre, N Quaranta, G Ciprandi
Allergic rhinitis (AR) and upper airway respiratory infections are frequent in children, and both have a relevant impact on some social aspects, including school attendance and performance, sleep, quality of life (also of the parents), and costs. Saline nasal irrigation is widely employed to reduce nasal congestion and mucopurulent secretion, to stimulate cleansing of the nasal and paranasal cavities, and to induce restoration of mucociliary clearance. The present study evaluated the effects of nasal irrigation on nasal cytology, using the new device Nasir® in 66 children (40 males, 26 females, mean age 7...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074172/non-allergic-rhinitis-in-children-epidemiological-aspects-pathological-features-diagnostic-methodology-and-clinical-management
#12
REVIEW
Dimitri Poddighe, Matteo Gelardi, Amelia Licari, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Gian Luigi Marseglia
Chronic rhinitis is a very common disease, as the prevalence in the general population resulted to be 40%. Allergic rhinitis has been considered to be the most frequent form of chronic rhinitis, as non-allergic rhinitis has been estimated to account for 25%. However, several evidences suggested that non-allergic rhinitis have been underrated, especially in children. In pediatrics, the diagnostic definition of non-allergic rhinitis has been often limited to the exclusion of an allergic sensitization. Actually, local allergic rhinitis has been often misdiagnosed as well as mixed rhinitis has not been recognized in most cases...
December 26, 2016: World Journal of Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058762/vernal-like-conjunctivitis-in-a-western-lowland-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla
#13
Jane S Hopper, Ellen Holding, Emma J Scurrell, Heidi Featherstone
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 17-year-old female western lowland gorilla presented with bilateral ocular discharge, conjunctivitis, and rhinitis that was investigated and treated over a 34-month period. Clinical findings, diagnostic results, treatment, and follow-up are described. CLINICAL FINDING: A mild intermittent mucoid ocular discharge was initially noted. 10 months later, conjunctival hyperemia and thickening developed and progressed rapidly to a mass-like lesion covering the right eye...
January 5, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899011/nasal-lavage-blood-or-sputum-which-is-best-for-phenotyping-asthma
#14
Camyla F de Farias, Maria M F Amorim, Michel Dracoulakis, Lilian B Caetano, Ilka L Santoro, Ana L G Fernandes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Determination of asthma phenotypes, particularly inflammatory phenotypes, helps guide treatment and management of this heterogeneous disease. Induced sputum cytology has been the gold standard for determination of inflammatory phenotypes, but sputum induction is fairly invasive and technically challenging. Blood and nasal lavage cytology have been suggested as substitutes, but have not been fully verified. The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy of blood and nasal lavage cytometry as indicators of inflammatory phenotypes in asthma...
May 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831517/nasal-and-tracheal-cytological-changes-after-total-laryngectomy-in-long-term-survivors
#15
Giuseppe Riva, Monica Boita, Andrea Corvino, Matteo Sensini, Daniela Peruzzetto, Luigi Chiusa, Giancarlo Pecorari, Massimiliano Garzaro
OBJECTIVE: Complete separation of upper and lower respiratory tract after total laryngectomy results in permanent effects on nasal cavities and tracheo-bronchial airways. Aim of this study is evaluating nasal and tracheal cytological alterations of mucosa in laryngectomy long-term survivors, analyzing the feasibility of scraping for cytological examination of tracheal mucosa. METHODS: Twenty-five laryngectomy patients underwent symptoms' evaluation, endoscopic fiber optic examination, prick tests, and nasal and tracheal scraping for cytological exam...
February 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790447/cytomorphologic-attributes-of-epithelial-myoepithelial-carcinoma-of-nasal-cavity-a-rare-tumor-with-unusual-clinical-presentation
#16
Krishnappa Amita, Shivshankar Vijayshankar, M G Abhishek, Amita Kumari
Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma (EMC) is a rare low grade epithelial malignancy of major Salivary Glands (SG). Though the histomorphology of this tumor is distinct, unusual location and clinical presentation may pose diagnostic difficulties especially when this lesion is first encountered at cytology. We report a case of 60-year-old female presenting with nasal obstruction of three months duration. At FNAC the diagnosis of EMC was suggested and it was confirmed on histopathology. We present this case highlighting the cytomorphologic attributes of this rare tumor occurring at an extremely uncommon location - Nasal cavity...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746841/granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-production-and-tissue-eosinophilia-in-chronic-rhinitis
#17
Aleksandar Peric, Cveta Spadijer-Mirkovic, Svjetlana Matkovic-Jozin, Ljiljana Jovancevic, Danilo Vojvodic
Introduction Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a strong proinflammatory cytokine that takes part in allergic nasal inflammation as an eosinophil colony-stimulating factor. However, the role of GM-CSF in non-allergic rhinitis has not been fully explored. Objectives The aim of this investigation was to assess the concentration of GM-CSF in nasal secretions of patients with non-allergic rhinitis with eosinophilia syndrome (NARES) in comparison to patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and healthy subjects, as well as to assess the relationship with the degree of eosinophilic inflammation and clinical characteristics of the patients...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717235/exogenous-lipoid-pneumonia-induced-by-nasal-decongestant
#18
Giorgia A Osman, Alberto Ricci, Fabrizio Terzo, Carlo Falasca, Maria R Giovagnoli, Pierdonato Bruno, Andrea Vecchione, Salvatore Raffa, Sabatino Valente, Maria R Torrisi, Chiara De Dominicis, Simonetta Giovagnoli, Salvatore Mariotta
INTRODUCTION: Lipoid pneumonia is a clinical condition that may be initially asymptomatic or confused with an infectious or malignant lung disease. OBJECTIVES: We report four cases of this pathological condition. METHODS: The first case concerned an 85-year old woman with bilateral confluent pulmonary opacities, ground-glass type. Diagnosis was based on the cytology of the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid followed by its ultrastructural examination...
September 22, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716122/atypical-presentation-of-primary-intraocular-lymphoma
#19
Koji Komatsu, Tsutomu Sakai, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Hideki Tsuji, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
BACKGROUND: In 2014, Pang et al. reported three cases with vitelliform submaculopathy as a preceding lesion of primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL). Here, we report a case with an atypical presentation of PIOL who initially presented with vitelliform submaculopathy, vitreous haze and preripheral retinal focus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old female initially visited another hospital with a chief complaint of acute reduced vision in the right eye. Funduscopic examination of the right eye showed a yellowish retinal lesion at the fovea with vitreous haze and retinal foci scattered in the peripheral region...
October 3, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698668/radioactive-merano-spa-treatment-for-allergic-rhinitis-therapy
#20
Desiderio Passali, Giacomo Gabelli, Giulio Cesare Passali, Roberto Magnato, Stefan Platzgummer, Lorenzo Salerni, Salvatore Lo Cunsolo, Alexandra Joos, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Allergic rhinitis is a common nasal disorder with a high impact on quality of life, high social costs in therapies, and a natural development towards asthma. Pharmacological therapy is based on several genres of medications, of which intranasal corticosteroids are currently the most widespread. Thermal water treatment has traditionally been used as adjunctive treatment for chronic rhinitis and sinusitis. The present study was carried out to assess the clinical efficacy of nasal inhalation of radioactive oligomineral water vapours from the Merano hot spring and to compare it with the clinical efficacy of mometasone furoate nasal spray...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
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