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Fungal sinusitis

N Gholinejad Ghadi, Z Seifi, T Shokohi, S R Aghili, M Nikkhah, L Vahedi Larijani, M Ghasemi, I Haghani
Mucormycosis is a rare but fulminant opportunistic fungal infection, which occurs most often in diabetic and immunocompromised patients. Dental extractions may create a portal of entry for the fungal infection. The mucormycosis may be the original cause of the pain and can be misdiagnosed as dental pain. In this paper, two cases of mucormycosis are reported after dental extractions and successfully treated with amphotericin B (case #1) and combined with posaconazole (case #2). The two cases we describe exemplify the fulminant mucormycosis of maxillary sinuses after dental extraction inpatients with uncontrolled diabetic support the findings that this predisposing condition created a suitable environment for the Mucorales growth...
March 12, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Fikret Şahintürk, Hamiyet Demirkaya, Ümit Akın Dere, Erkin Sönmez, Nur Altınörs, Gökhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
Neurologic complications after solid-organ transplant reveal a great spectrum of pathologies. Intracranial hemorrhages, cerebral ischemic lesions, infarctions, lymphoproliferative disorders, and infections, including aspergillosis, have been observed after liver transplant. Fungi constitute nearly 5% of all central nervous system infections, mainly occurring in immunocompromised patients. The most common causative agent is Aspergillus species. It presents either as maxillary sinusitis or pulmonary infection...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Theodore A Schuman, Josephine H Nguyen, Joshua C Yelverton, Jorge A Almenara, Celeste N Powers
Invasive fungal sinusitis is a morbid pathology that typically affects immunocompromised patients and may quickly progress to fulminant disease. The purpose of this study was to measure the sensitivity and specificity of touch preparation of nasal debridement specimens as a rapid diagnostic tool for invasive fungal sinusitis. A retrospective chart review was performed of 22 patients undergoing nasal debridement due to suspicion for invasive fungal sinusitis over a 10-year period. Thirteen patients had touch preparation of nasal specimens followed by routine histologic processing; 2 of these patients underwent two and 1 patient had three separate debridements, for a total of 17 touch preparations performed...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Gargi Rai, Shukla Das, Mohammad Ahmad Ansari, Praveen Kumar Singh, Neelima Gupta, Sonal Sharma, Naseem Akhter, Vishnampettai G Ramachandran, Shafiul Haque, Sajad Ahmad Dar
Interleukin-17 producing T helper (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg) cells have been identified to play a critical role in atopic inflammation. However, conflicting reports on the role of Th17/Treg cells in allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) patients of different ethnicities has mystified its pathogenesis. To better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in AFRS, we conducted a prospective, analytical, case-control study involving 40 confirmed immunocompetent AFRS patients and 20 healthy controls...
February 20, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Yu-Ju Chen, Chao-Liang Chou, Kuan-Ju Lai, Ya-Ju Lin Lin
PURPOSE: Invasive mycosis caused by the Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Mucor can be fetal, especially in the immunocompromised patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Here we present a case of CNS Fusarium infection, and this is the first reported case of Fusarium brain abscess in Taiwan. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old woman presented with fever and conscious disturbance for 3 days. Neurological examination showed stupor consciousness, neck stiffness, multiple cranial nerves palsy, and bilateral Babinski signs...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Kazuhiro Nomura, Hiroyuki Ikushima, Daiki Ozawa, Yuichi Shimizu, Kazuya Arakawa, Jun Suzuki, Hiroshi Hidaka, Yukio Katori, Kenji Ohyama
Sinus fungal ball is defined as noninvasive chronic rhino-sinusitis with a clump of mold in the paranasal sinuses, typically affecting the maxillary sinus. Fairly good outcomes of endoscopic surgery have been reported where the ball is removed through the antrostomy. However, the affected sinus tends to have a smaller cavity and thicker bony walls. As such, it is often challenging to maintain a window size that is sufficient to control possible recurrence. The endoscopic modified medial maxillectomy procedure was applied to a 61-year old and a 70-year old female patient with maxillary sinus fungal ball...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Desiderio Passali, Cemal Cingi, Paola Staffa, Francesco Passali, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Maria Luisa Bellussi
Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem and is characterised by one or more symptoms, including sneezing, itching, nasal congestion and rhinorrhea. Objective: We investigated the features of AR and the physician's approach to the management of AR patients in four geographical regions. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire survey concerning AR was completed by Honorary and Corresponding Members of the Italian Society of Rhinology from different countries among 4 world geographical regions-Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Africa...
January 2018: Asia Pacific Allergy
Ahmad M Alaraj, Yasser H Al-Faky, Adel H Alsuhaibani
PURPOSES: To study the ophthalmic manifestations of patients with allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) and evaluate the importance of early diagnosis and management in preventing the possible future complications of AFS. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 100 patients with the diagnosis of AFS from a single institution was performed. Age, gender, clinical presentation including ophthalmic and radiological findings, immune status, patterns of sinus involvement, medical and surgical intervention needed, laboratory results, and the course of the disease were evaluated...
January 30, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
H L Sun, S L Cui, L Liu, H Q Jiang, X J Zhang, J W Wang
Objective: To classify different causes of cavernous sinus lesion in patients with ophthalmoplegia and analyze their clinical and imaging features. Methods: We confirmed the etiological diagnosis of 137 hospitalized ophthalmoplegia patients with cavernous sinus lesion retrospectively from January 2005 to January 2014 in the Department of Neurology of Beijing Tongren Hospital.The diagnosis was made according to clinical feature, laboratory test, imaging studies and pathology.The clinical data of these patients were analyzed and compared among different groups...
January 16, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Bertrand Vedrine, Luc-André Fribourg-Blanc
Rhinoscopy was performed on 10 dogs with sinonasal aspergillosis (SNA). Direct access to the sinus via the nasal ostium was possible with a flexible endoscope to allow sinuscopy. Debridement of fungal plaques in the frontal sinus and the nasal cavity was performed, and a sinus and nasal deposition therapy with clotrimazole (1%) cream was made under rhinoscopic guidance. No oral medication was administered following the procedure. A rhinoscopic follow-up was performed monthly until cure. Six of ten (60%) dogs presented fungal plaques in the nasal cavity and in the frontal sinus and 4/10 (40%) dogs presented fungal plaques only in the frontal sinus...
January 26, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Syeda Neelam Afroze, Rajani Korlepara, Guttikonda Venkateswara Rao, Jayakiran Madala
Mucormycosis is one of the most rapidly progressing and fulminant forms of fungal infection which usually begins in the nose and paranasal sinuses following inhalation of fungal spores. It is caused by organisms of the subphylum Mucormycotina, including genera as Absidia, Mucor, Rhizomucor, and Rhizopus. The incidence of mucormycosis is approximately 1.7 cases per 1,000,000 inhabitants per year. Mucormycosis affecting the maxilla is rare because of rich blood vessel supply of maxillofacial areas although more virulent fungi such as Mucor can overcome this difficulty...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Anubha Rathi, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Tushar Agarwal, Neelam Pushker, Mukesh Patil, Hemant Kamble, Jeewan S Titiyal, Rishi Mohan, Seema Kashyap, Sanjay Sharma, Seema Sen, Gita Satpathy, Namrata Sharma
PURPOSE: To report a case of Pythium insidiosum keratitis leading to fatal cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 70-year-old man presented with excruciating pain, redness, and diminution of vision in his left eye for 2 weeks after washing his hair with tap water. A total corneal ulcer with surrounding infiltrates and associated corneal thinning was present. Corneal scraping revealed the presence of Gram-positive cocci...
January 9, 2018: Cornea
Yi-Tsen Lin, Chih-Feng Lin, Te-Huei Yeh
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic endonasal prelacrimal recess approach to the maxillary sinus provides wide access to the walls and recesses of the maxillary sinus, and its use has been reported in many maxillary sinus and skull base diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the indication and feasibility of endoscopic sinus surgery using the prelacrimal recess approach in unilateral maxillary sinus diseases. METHODS: We reviewed 192 cases of unilateral maxillary sinus diseases; over 2 years, 15 cases underwent endoscopic surgery via the prelacrimal recess approach...
January 4, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Shaoyang Zhang, Qinghui Fu, Qi Chen, Ting-Bo Liang
RATIONALE: Cerebral aspergillosis (CA) is a rare manifestation of invasive aspergillosis. It usually affects seriously immunocompromised hosts. Pancreatic bacterial or/and fungal infection is common in patients with severe acute pancreatitis. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the first case of an immunocompetent woman with infected necrotizing pancreatitis due to multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii who, in the course of treatment, developed isolated CA. DIAGNOSES: Magnetic resonance imaging, rather than computed tomography, revealed latent homolateral sinus disease-the possible source of the Aspergillus infection...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
David Xu, Shawn R Lin, Laura Bonelli, Ben J Glasgow, Robert A Goldberg
A 55-year-old man presented with unilateral orbital inflammation and no light perception vision. Imaging revealed infiltrative enhancement of the optic nerve, orbit, and intracranial tissue. The case was suspicious for invasive fungal disease, but ultimate workup and orbital biopsy revealed granulomatosis with polyangiitis. The patient's inflammation resolved with corticosteroid and rituximab therapy. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a systemic vasculitis that can mimic a number of orbital pathologies.
January 5, 2018: Orbit
Danielle A Morrison, Sarah K Wise, John M DelGaudio, Naweed I Chowdhury, Joshua M Levy
OBJECTIVE: Opioid abuse is a common disorder affecting over 2 million Americans. Intranasal tissue necrosis is a previously described sequela of nasal opioid inhalation, with a similar presentation to invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (IFRS). The goal of this case report and systematic review is to evaluate the evidence supporting this uncommon disease, with qualitative analysis of the presentation, management and treatment outcomes. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
Devendra Kumar, Pankaj Nepal, Sumit Singh, Subraminayan Ramanathan, Maneesh Khanna, Rakesh Sheoran, S K Bansal, Santosh Patil
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CNS Aspergillosis is very rare and difficult to diagnose clinically and on imaging. Our objective was to elucidate distinct neuroimaging pattern of CNS aspergillosis in the immunocompetent population that helps to differentiate from other differential diagnosis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of brain imaging findings was performed in eight proven cases of central nervous system aspergillosis in immunocompetent patients. Immunocompetent status was screened with clinical and radiological information...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
Jason E Gilde, Christopher C Xiao, Victoria A Epstein, Jonathan Liang
INTRODUCTION: Acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) is a potentially fatal infection, usually affecting immunocompromised patients. Isolated sphenoid sinus involvement is rare and has been reported in only a few cases. We discuss the clinical characteristics, histopathologic features, and differential diagnosis of AIFRS of the sphenoid sinus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man with a history of refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma and neutropenia presented with a 1-week duration of left-sided headache and ipsilateral cheek paresthesia...
2017: Permanente Journal
Lanlan Chen, Libin Jiang, Bentao Yang, Prem S Subramanian
BACKGROUND: Visual disturbances associated with isolated sphenoid sinus inflammatory diseases (ISSIDs) are easily misdiagnosed due to the nonspecific symptoms and undetectable anatomical location. The main objective of this retrospective case series is to investigate the clinical features of visual disturbances secondary to ISSIDs. METHODS: Clinical data of 23 patients with unilateral or bilateral visual disturbances secondary to ISSIDs from 2004 to 2014 with new symptoms were collected...
December 6, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Xiang Liu, Hua Zou, Qiu-Jian Chen, Chang-Ming Lu
A case of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) due to Schizophyllum commune was reported. The pathogen was identified using molecular bioanalysis. The patient underwent the functional endoscopic sinus surgery followed by the radical maxillary sinusotomy with canine fossa trephine. This case suggested that complete surgery allowed optimal disease clearance for AFS caused by Schizophyllum commune.
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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