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Bryce Stevens, Lynne Pezzullo, Lara Verdian, Josh Tomlinson, Alice George, Fernando Bacal
BACKGROUND: Heart conditions impose physical, social, financial and health-related quality of life limitations on individuals in Brazil. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the economic burden of four main heart conditions in Brazil: hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction, and atrial fibrillation. In addition, the cost-effectiveness of telemedicine and structured telephone support for the management of heart failure was assessed. METHODS: A standard cost of illness framework was used to assess the costs associated with the four conditions in 2015...
July 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Sang Chul Park, Chi Sang Hwang, Hyo Jin Chung, Munkhbaatar Purev, Salma Saud Al Sharhan, Hyung-Ju Cho, Joo-Heon Yoon, Chang-Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: To diagnose and treat respiratory allergic diseases, it is important to identify the specific allergens involved. Many differences exist between common inhalant allergens depending on the residential environment and demographic factors. This study aimed to compare common inhalant allergens between Koreans and non-Koreans according to their residential region, age, and sex. METHODS: This study evaluated 15,334 individuals who underwent serum tests for multiple allergen-specific immunoglobulin E at a tertiary academic medical center between January 2010 and December 2016...
August 10, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Tamer Aboushanab, Saud AlSanad
Cupping therapy (Hijama in Arabic) is a popular traditional treatment especially in Asia, the Middle East and Central Europe. Traditionally, cupping therapy has been one of the most used practices in Saudi Arabia. Standardization of the practice of cupping therapy is a very important step to eliminate or reduce any adverse events related to cupping. This article gives a brief illustration and highlights the important points of the first accredited Saudi Arabian standards for the safe use of cupping equipment and its applications...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Eduardo Faerstein, Ismael Henrique da Silveira, Karine de Lima Sírio Boclin, Cintia Chaves Curioni, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro, Washington Leite Junger
Positive influences of natural and built environment characteristics on human physical activity have been observed mainly in high-income countries, but mixed results exist. We explored these relationships in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where exuberant nature coexists with high levels of social inequality and urban violence. Data originated from questionnaires self-administered by 1731 civil servants at university campuses who participated in 4 waves (1999, 2001, 2007, 2012) of a longitudinal study, and had their residential addresses geocoded...
August 8, 2018: Health & Place
Ali Hassan A Ali, Sameer Al-Ghamdi, Mohammed H Karrar, Saud A Alajmi, Osama S Almutairi, Ahmed M Aldalbahi, Yazeed M Alotaibi, Sattam A Alruwaili, Abubaker Y Elamin
Introduction: Headache disorders are one of the most prevalent global public-health problems that require placing high demand on health-care Services. Since it is one of the most frequent complaints in clinical practice worldwide, it causes a considerable burden in terms of the social cost. The study aimed to give a guide for the decision on the utilization of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnostic workup and identify if patients require neurological imaging (CT) for proper diagnosis or not...
March 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Elsy Alejandra de Oliveira Tavares, Maria Teresa de Sousa Frango Pinheiro, Helena Maria Guerreiro José
OBJECTIVE: To report the implementation and results of community intervention projects used as a strategy for teaching and developing people and communities in the training of community health nursing specialists at the Centro de Formação de Saúde Multiperfil (Multi-profile Health Training Center), Angola. METHOD: Report of experience of the use of community intervention projects in nursing. RESULTS: Community intervention projects have contributed to the learning of students and to the promotion of health, citizenship and the empowerment of individuals and communities...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Carine Vendruscolo, Letícia De Lima Trindade, Marta Lenise do Prado, Maria Elisabeth Kleba
OBJECTIVE: to understand the contributions of the National Program of Reorientation of Professional Training in Health (Pró-Saúde) for the change in the model of care and training of health professionals. METHODS: a case study with representatives of the teaching, care, management and social control, participants of the management units of the Pró-Saúde (Charitable institution for social and hospital assistance), in a municipality of the south of Brazil. Data collection took place through interviews and observations between October 2012 and February 2013...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Kar Hao Teoh, Esten Konstad Haanaes, Saud Alshalawi, Hiro Tanaka, Kartik Hariharan
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive dorsal cheilectomy (MIDC) for hallus rigidus is gaining in popularity. The optimal position for the stab incision for MIDC is dorsomedial to allow an ergonomic sweeping movement of the burr, potentially putting the dorsomedial cutaneous nerve (DMCN) to the hallux at risk. We aimed to quantify the risk of using this minimally invasive technique with a cadaveric study. METHODS: A total of 13 fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens amputated below the knee were obtained for this study...
August 6, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Ahmed M Elaiw, Taofeek O Alade, Saud M Alsulami
In this paper, we study the stability analysis of latent Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) dynamics models. The incidence rate between the CHIKV and the uninfected monocytes is modelled by a general nonlinear function which satisfies a set of conditions. The model is incorporated by intracellular discrete or distributed time delays. Using the method of Lyapunov function, we established the global stability of the steady states of the models. The theoretical results are confirmed by numerical simulations.
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
Raquel Bissacotti Steglich, Silvana Cardoso, Maria Helena da Costa Naumann Gaertner, Karina Munhoz de Paula Alves Coelho, Tania Ferreira Cestari, Selma Cristina Franco
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous melanoma accounts for up to 80% of deaths caused by skin cancer. Diagnostic suspicion and access to medical care and early intervention in suspected cases is vital to the patient's prognosis. OBJECTIVES: To compare demographic and histopathological characteristics of primary cutaneous melanoma diagnosed in the public healthcare system (Sistema Único de Saúde SUS) and the private system in Joinville, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional retrospective study analyzed primary cutaneous melanoma cases recorded from 2003 to 2014 in the resident population of Joinville...
July 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, Asim Abdelmoneim Khalil, Saud Mohammad Alsanad
Traditional practices constituting spiritual and religious (S/R) healing are an important component of the holistic healthcare model and are used in health, well-being, and treating a variety of diseases around the world. The main focus of this review is to summarize the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) studies that especially target S/R healing practices in Saudi Arabia (SA) and discuss the results in light of relevant international literature. From year 2013-2017, electronic searches of PubMed, OvidSP, Google Scholar, and two publishing housing Web sites (Sciencedomain...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Zubair Khan, Mohammad Saud Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Caroline Evelin Nascimento Kluczynik Vieira, Dândara Nayara Azevêdo Dantas, Larissa Soares Mariz Vilar de Miranda, Anne Karoline Cândido Araújo, Akemi Iwata Monteiro, Bertha Cruz Enders
OBJECTIVE: To describe the construction process of an intervention in the form of a Nursing Care program to Adolescents aimed at preventing and controlling overweight/obesity in the school environment. METHOD: A methodological study developed through Intervention Mapping in Natal/RN, Brazil, between October of 2015 and September of 2016, with the participation of adolescents, public school teachers and nurses in Primary Health Care. Data sources were focus groups, interviews and an integrative review...
July 23, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Cinthia S M Amorim, Adriana S Espirito Santo, Marjorie Sommer, Amélia P Marques
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this literature review was to examine the effect of physical therapy in bruxism treatment. METHODS: The data sources used were Medline, Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, SPORTDiscus, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde. We included randomized and nonrandomized and controlled and noncontrolled clinical trials and interventions focused on physical therapy as treatment for sleep bruxism or awake bruxism...
June 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ahmad Alharafsheh, Mohamed Alsheikh, Sheraz Ali, Amani A Baraiki, Ghadah Alharbi, Tahani Alhabshi, Amina Aboutaleb
Objective: Little is known about the pattern of antibiotics' prescribing for hospitalized adult patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This study explored the prescribing practices of antibiotics in a large tertiary care setting serving diverse population. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 1.666 antibiotic prescriptions prescribed over a period of 3 months (January 2016-March 2016) in an adult inpatient department of King Saud Medical City (KSMC)...
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Juan Manuel Diez Tetamanti, Eduardo Rocha, Glauco Munsberg, Jessica Helena Peixoto Castro, Aline Dos Santos Neutzling, Sergio Fernando Jaime, Leonardo Javier Schuler
Community health agents carry out significant actions on the ground to provide prevention and care and bring health services to families. These practices in the field constitute a constant collective mapping process using the knowledge of the territory that the agents possess. Based on intensive fieldwork starting in 2012 in conjunction with local social organizations and health institutions in Brazil and Argentina, the binational project App+Health (App+Salud in Spanish and App+Saúde in Portugués) was initiated...
January 2018: Salud Colectiva
Hala Kfoury, Mohammed Mubarak, Abd Assalam Qannus, Malak Alshareef, Jwaher Alharbi, Hadeel Alghurair, Alanoud Bin Omair, Najd Alshamlan, Lama Raddaoui, Hisham Alkhalidi
AIM: To identify the underlying diseases with TRI-positive kidney biopsies, and describe the histological pattern and spectrum of TRI-positive kidney biopsies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients' chart that underwent renal biopsy at King Saud University Medical City between 2012 and 2017 was done. Kidney biopsies that indicated a positive result for tubuloreticular inclusions (TRI's) on electron microscopy were reviewed and the underlying disease and histological pattern was extracted...
July 18, 2018: Ultrastructural Pathology
Ahmed H Albalawi, Wael S El-Sayed, Ateyatallah Aljuhani, Saud M Almutairi, Nadjet Rezki, Mohamed R Aouad, Mouslim Messali
An environmentally-friendly and easy synthesis of a series of novel functionalized imidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs) is described under both the conventional procedure and microwave irradiation. The structures of newly synthesized room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) were established by different spectral analyses. All ILs ( 1 ⁻ 14 ) were screened for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against a panel of clinically isolated bacteria. The results of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) showed that some of the tested ILs are very promising anti-bacterial agents especially those containing an alkyl chain with a phenyl group (most notably 1 , 2 , 12 , and 13 )...
July 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bandar N Aljafen, Saud M Alfayez, Mohammed H Alanazy, Naael Alazwary, Sama M Alohali, Taim Muayqil
OBJECTIVE: To descriptively assess Epilepsy Monitoring Units (EMUs) and the provided services in Saudi Arabia and compare them based on the geographic region. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, an electronic questionnaire was emailed to all directors of EMUs in Saudi Arabia from July 2013 to January 2016, with constant updates being made by all respondents throughout the period of data collection. RESULTS: All EMU directors participated...
July 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Shimaa Eissa, Haya Abdulkarim, Majed Dasouki, Hamoud Al Mousa, Rand Arnout, Bandar Al Saud, Anas Abdel Rahman, Mohammed Zourob
Multiplexed biosensors hold great promise for early diagnosis of diseases where the detection of multiple biomarkers is required. Hyper Immunoglobulin E syndromes (HIES) are rare primary immunodeficiency disorders associated with mutations either in the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), dedicator of cytokinesis 8 DOCK8) or phosphoglucomutase 3 (PGM3) genes. Yet, the diagnosis of HIES is challenged by the complexity of the existing laboratory assays. Here, we report for the first time the development of a multiplexed electrochemical immunosensor for the simultaneous detection of DOCK8, STAT3 and PGM3 proteins...
June 28, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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