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Susana Miguel, Joana Romeiro, Helga Martins, Tiago Casaleiro, Sílvia Caldeira, T Heather Herdman
PURPOSE: This article explores the current structure of NANDA-I nursing diagnoses (ND) labels. METHODS: Critical analysis of the ND labels, as categorized in the NANDA-I terminology. FINDINGS: Most of the 244 ND labels are composed of terms from the focus and judgment axes. CONCLUSIONS: The specificity of the human responses toward health and life transitions may not be totally represented in the two most common axes, as categorized within taxonomy II...
October 18, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
Sayed A Tantawy, Walid K Abdelbasset, Dalia M Kamel, Saud M Alrawaili, Saud F Alsubaie
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of laser photobiomodulation therapy (lPBMt) and ultrasound therapy (UST) in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP). Forty-five patients with CNLBP aged 30-40 years were divided randomly into three groups of 15 subjects each. The lPBMt group received 8 weeks of lPBMt with an exercise program, while the UST group received 8 weeks of UST with the same exercise program; the control group received only the exercise program for 8 weeks. Pain, disability, functional performance, and lumbar range of motion were assessed at the beginning of the study and after 8 weeks...
October 17, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2018: Lancet
Sandro René P S Miguel, Ana Flávia B S Lima, Luciane N Cruz, Mírian Cohen, Jacques J Zimmermann, Patrícia K Ziegelmann, Marcelo P A Fleck
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an algorithm for the treatment of mixed episodes in bipolar disorder (BD) using the medications available under the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde) in Brazil. METHODS: The study included 107 individuals with BD in a current mixed episode, assessed biweekly for the outcomes of response and remission. The subjects were randomly assigned to start treatment with lithium, valproic acid, or carbamazepine, following a clinical protocol at a public outpatient clinic...
October 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Leonardo Jönck Staub, Roberta Rodolfo Mazzali Biscaro, Erikson Kaszubowski, Rosemeri Maurici
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound can accelerate the diagnosis of life-threatening diseases in adults with respiratory symptoms. OBJECTIVE: Systematically review the accuracy of lung ultrasonography (LUS) for emergency diagnosis of pneumonia, acute heart failure, and exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/asthma in adults. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS (Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde; until 2016) were searched for prospective diagnostic accuracy studies...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Abdulaziz Alhomaidi Al Odhayani, Salwa Al Sayed Tayel, Faisal Al-Madi
Diabetic foot is a serious complication that causes lower extremity amputations. The aim of this study was to identify the patient's awareness about risk factors for diabetic foot disease and to explore the knowledge and foot care practices among diabetic patients in a Saudi population. This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), King Fahad Medical City, National Guard Hospital, Military Hospital, and Prince Salman Hospital capital city of Saudi Arabia...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Reem Al Khalifah, Abrar Hudairi, Doua Al Homyani, Muddathir H Hamad, Fahad A Bashiri
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent among children with epilepsy. Lack of high-quality evidence led to variability among scientific societies recommendations. Therefore, we aim to determine the efficacy of different common doses used in the pediatric practice to maintain optimal 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25 [OH] vitamin D) level in children with epilepsy and normal baseline 25 (OH) vitamin D level over 6 months of supplementation. METHODS: This is a protocol for phase IV pragmatic randomized superiority controlled open-label trial at King Saud University Medical City in Riyadh...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hossein Mojaddadi Rizeei, Omer Saud Azeez, Biswajeet Pradhan, Hayder Hassan Khamees
Groundwater hazard assessments involve many activities dealing with the impacts of pollution on groundwater, such as human health studies and environment modelling. Nitrate contamination is considered a hazard to human health, environment and ecosystem. In groundwater management, the hazard should be assessed before any action can be taken, particularly for groundwater pollution and water quality. Thus, pollution due to the presence of nitrate poses considerable hazard to drinking water, and excessive nutrient loads deteriorate the ecosystem...
October 4, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Daoud Ali, Saud Alarifi, Saad Alkahtani, Rafa S Almeer
Introduction: Graphene oxide nanoparticles have been widely used in industry and biomedical fields due to their unique physicochemical properties. However, comparative cytotoxicity of silver-doped reduced graphene oxide (rGO-Ag) nanoparticles on normal and cancerous liver cells has not been well studied yet. Materials and methods: This study aimed at determining the toxic potential of rGO-Ag nanocomposite on human liver normal (CHANG) and cancer (HepG2) cells. The rGO-Ag nanocomposite was characterized by using different advanced instruments, namely, dynamic light scattering, scanning electron microscope, and transmission electron microscope...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Ângela Tavares Paes, Bruna de Freitas Dias, Giulia Nicolucci Eleutério, Vitória Penido de Paula
OBJECTIVE: To describe first medical students' profile of the Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein. METHODS: Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire during the Biostatistics course in August of 2016. The students were inquired about demographic characteristics, data on their secondary education and college entrance exams, practice of physical exercise, leisure activities done, to have a physician in the family, and specialty that they intended to pursue as a career...
September 21, 2018: Einstein
Rodolfo Andrade de Gouveia Vilela, José Marçal Jackson Filho, Marco Antônio Pereira Querol, Sandra Francisca Bezerra Gemma, Mara Alice Conti Takahashi, Marcos Hister Pereira Gomes, Sandra Renata Canale Duracenko, Ildeberto Muniz de Almeida
The Surveillance System for Occupational Accidents (Sistema de Vigilância em Acidentes de Trabalho - SIVAT) established by Reference Center for Workers' Health (Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador - CEREST-Piracicaba) in 2003 represents an experience consolidated according to the guidelines formulated by the National Network for Integral Care of the Workers' Health (Rede Nacional de Atenção Integral à Saúde do Trabalhador - RENAST). The present article analyzes the history and development of SIVAT at CEREST - Piracicaba from the perspective of cultural-historical activity theory...
September 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Flávia Pacheco de Araújo, Aldo Pacheco Ferreira, Marcos Besserman Vianna, Maria Helena Barros de Oliveira
Adolescents' health rights are not restricted to having their demands understood, but require their being respected as autonomous subjects and the agents of their own care. However, considering adolescents' rights in terms of their autonomy in the day-to-day of the health care service, the situation is precarious as a result of heteronomy, subjection of the individual to the will of others. A search for articles was conducted in the Scopus, PubMed and BVS databases, cross-referencing with the descriptors: "saúde do adolescente" ("adolescent health") , "responsabilidade civil" ("civil responsibility") and "responsabilidade parental", ("parental responsibility")...
September 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Ademar Arthur Chioro Dos Reis, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Lumena Almeida Castro Furtado
OBJECTIVE: to examine the problems and challenges facing implementation of policies for Brazilian adolescents, on the basis of narrative review of the findings of the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE). O objetivo do artigo é analisar os principais problemas e desafios para a implementação de políticas públicas voltadas para a adolescência brasileira a partir de revisão narrativa dos resultados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE). Ensaio teórico sobre políticas públicas produzido a partir de revisão narrativa das três edições da PeNSE...
September 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Marisa Riscalla Madi, Giovanni Guido Cerri
In the current context of epidemiological transition, demographic changes, changes in consumption and lifestyle habits, and pressure on care costs and organized health systems for acute conditions, the Integrated Care Model by Shortell has become a conceptual reference in the search for new methods to manage chronic conditions by focusing on the health conditions of a given population that must be addressed by a set of institutions organized into networks. Within the last 15 years, cancer has gone from the third- to the second-leading cause of death in the State of São Paulo and has shown a gradual increase in the number of new cases; it has thus become a relevant issue for public health and health management...
September 21, 2018: Clinics
Michelle Christini Araújo Vieira, Joilda Silva Nery, Enny S Paixão, Kaio Vinicius Freitas de Andrade, Gerson Oliveira Penna, Maria Glória Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease neglected, caused by Mycobacterium leprae, considered a public health problem because may cause permanent physical disabilities and deformities, leading to severe limitations. This review presents an overview of the results of epidemiological studies on leprosy occurrence in childhood in Brazil, aiming to alert health planners and managers to the actual need to institute special control strategies. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Data collection consisted of an electronic search for publications in eight databases: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), PuBMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), SciVerse Scopus (Scopus), CAPES theses database, CAPES journals database and Web of Science of papers published up to 2016...
October 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Mohamed K M Khalil, Sulaiman Al-Eidi, Meshary Al-Qaed, Saud AlSanad
Cupping therapy or Hijamah is a leading traditional practice after spiritual healings and herbal medicine in Saudi Arabia. Wet cupping is by far the most common type of cupping therapy. Hijamah in Saudi Arabia and other Muslim countries is a model of religious influences, interconnectivity, and cross-cultural influences between different civilizations. Accordingly, differentiating the cupping practiced in Saudi Arabia, and other Muslims societies from that practiced in other countries like China, by Korea only by the technique or cupping sites is an underestimation of the differences...
September 2018: Integrative Medicine Research
Mohamed A El-Esawi, Ibrahim A Alaraidh, Abdulaziz A Alsahli, Saud A Alamri, Hayssam M Ali, Aisha A Alayafi
Soil salinity is an adverse abiotic factor which reduces plant growth, yield and quality. Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) have a great potential to enhance growth and alleviate saline stress effects without harming the environment via regulating physiological and molecular processes in plants. This study aimed at investigating Bacillus firmus SW5 effects on the performance of soybean (Glycine max L.) subjected to salt stress (0, 40 and 80 mM NaCl). Salinity stress mitigated the growth and biomass yield, root architecture traits, nutrient acquisition, chlorophyll level, transpiration rate (E), photosynthesis rate (Pn ), stomatal conductance (gs ), soluble proteins content, soluble sugars content and total phenolics and flavonoid contents of soybean plants...
September 21, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Abdur Rauf, Saud Bawazeer, Ghias Uddin, Bina S Siddiqui, Haroon Khan, Taibi Ben Hadda, Yahia Nasser Mabkhot, Usama Shaheen, Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan
The aim of the current work was to explore the muscle relaxant effect of pistagremic acid (PA) isolated from Pistacia integerrima in various animal paradigms. In a rotarod test, PA caused a significant (p<0.05) muscle relaxant potential in a dose-dependent manner. When studied in the inclined plane test, pretreatment with PA (5 and 10 mg/kg) caused promising activity (p<0.05) after treatment for 30, 60 and 90 min. The muscle relaxant potential of PA was strongly complimented by the traction and chimney tests, showing a dominant effect after 60 min of treatment...
September 28, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
Alejandro Meco-Navas, Godwin U Ebiloma, Ana Martín-Domínguez, Irene Martínez-Benayas, Eduardo J Cueto-Díaz, Amani Saud Alhejely, Emmanuel O Balogun, Machi Saito, Miho Matsui, Natsumi Arai, Tomoo Shiba, Shigeharu Harada, Harry P de Koning, Christophe Dardonville
The SAR of 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde inhibitors of the trypanosome alternative oxidase (TAO), a critical enzyme for the respiration of bloodstream forms of trypanosomes, was investigated. Replacing the aldehyde group with a methyl ester resulted in a 10-fold increase in TAO inhibition and activity against T. brucei . Remarkably, two analogues containing the 2-hydroxy-6-methyl scaffold ( 9e and 16e ) displayed single digit nanomolar TAO inhibition, which constitute the most potent 4-alkoxybenzoic acid derivatives described to date...
September 13, 2018: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Mohamad N Ali, Gopinath Kasetty, Malin Elvén, Saud Alyafei, Sandra Jovic, Arne Egesten, Heiko Herwald, Artur Schmidtchen, Praveen Papareddy
Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) has previously been characterized as an endogenous anticoagulant. TFPI-2 is expressed in the vast majority of cells, mainly secreted into the extracellular matrix. Recently we reported that EDC34, a C-terminal peptide derived from TFPI-2, exerts a broad antimicrobial activity. In the present study, we describe a previously unknown antimicrobial mode of action for the human TFPI-2 C-terminal peptide EDC34, mediated via binding to immunoglobulins of the classes IgG, IgA, IgE, and IgM...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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