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Hydatidic cyst

Roopa Tandur, Aparna Irodi, Binita Riya Chacko, Leena Robinson Vimala, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher, Birla Roy Gnanamuthu
Introduction: Although pulmonary hydatid cysts can be diagnosed on computed tomography (CT), sometimes findings can be atypical. Other hypodense infective or neoplastic lesions may mimic hydatid cysts. We proposed that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may act as a problem-solving tool, aiding the definite diagnosis of hydatid cysts and differentiating it from its mimics. The aim of this study is to assess the findings of pulmonary hydatid cysts on CT and MRI and the additional contribution of MRI in doubtful cases...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Baseer Sultan Ahmad, Adeel Afzal, Pervaiz Ashraf, Saiyed Abdullah Abubakar, Abeera Munir
Hydatid disease or echinococcosis, a systemic zoonosis is caused by Echinococcusgranulosus larvae. This is a common disease found all over the world, especially in the Mediterranean region. We report a 40 year old male with no known comorbids who came with complaints of fever with rigors and chills, right hypochondriac pain, and yellow discolouration of the sclera. A CT scan abdomen with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) gave a diagnosis of hydatid cyst of the liver with pancreatitis, cholangitis and jaundice due to involvement of the biliary tree and common bile duct ERCP was done and a stent was placed after which the patient was referred to general surgery department where the resection of cyst was performed under general anaesthesia...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Rana A Jawad, Ihsan M Sulbi, Yasser J Jameel
The paper describes a field survey performed to determine the prevalence of hydatid cyst disease in ruminants in butcher shops in the Holy City of Karbala, and to compare the rates of infection among these animals. The study lasted for five months from November 2016 to April 2017. During the study, 2115 cattle, 4230 sheep and 623 goats were examined. The results indicate that 39 cattle (1.84%), 84 sheep (1.9%) and 15 goats (2.4%) were infected. The livers of sheep and goats demonstrated a higher incidence of hydatid cysts than the lungs, with 1...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Barbara Paoletti, Leonardo Della Salda, Angela Di Cesare, Raffaella Iorio, Alberto Vergara, Camilla Fava, Alberto Olivastri, Giorgia Dessì, Antonio Scala, Antonio Varcasia
Despite the wide distribution of wild boar populations in Italy and the increase of its diffusion in urbanized areas, only one case report has described the occurrence of Echinococcus granulosus s.l. in a wild boar from Marche (Central Italy). The present study investigated the presence of E. granulosus sensu lato with an epidemiological survey on wild boars from central Italy that had been killed during hunting season. Seven hundred sixty-five (765) adult wild boars were examined during the 2016-2017 hunting season...
October 12, 2018: Parasitology Research
Sandra Abi Fadel, Karl Asmar, Walid Faraj, Mohammad Khalife, Maurice Haddad, Fadi El-Merhi
Human hydatid cyst disease is an international public health issue that particularly affects the developing countries. In this article, we discuss the epidemiology of hydatid disease in third world countries, the life cycle of echinococcus granulosus and how to make the clinical diagnosis of the disease, including laboratory tests and imaging modalities as well as uncommon presentation of this entity that we have encountered at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC). We emphasize on the new World Health Organization classification of hepatic echinococcosis with examples from our clinical practice at AUBMC, and finally we describe the treatment, including medical and interventional therapies...
October 10, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Patricia Svrckova, Laura Nabarro, Peter L Chiodini, Hans Rolf Jäger
Intracranial echinococcosis is relatively uncommon and usually occurs in the context of echinococcal lesions elsewhere in the body, mostly liver and lung. Multiple intracranial lesions can result from rupture of an initial single intracranial cyst (in cystic echinococcosis) or from dissemination of systemic disease of the lung, liver or heart (cystic and alveolar echinococcosis). The two main subtypes, cystic and alveolar echinococcosis, present differently and have distinct imaging features in the brain. We discuss the presentation, imaging findings and clinical course of three cases (two cystic and one alveolar) of intracranial echinococcal disease in adults...
October 10, 2018: Practical Neurology
Caroll Stoore, Constanza Andrade, Christian Hidalgo, Felipe Corrêa, Mauricio Jiménez, Marcela Hernandez, Rodolfo Paredes
BACKGROUND: Natural parasite infection occurs in wild and domestics animals with more than one parasite species at the same time, generating an infection called polyparasitism. Cystic echinococcosis reports are usually based only on infection with Echinoccocus granulosus leaving aside other internal parasitoses that could modulate both the immune response and pathogenesis of the natural infection. Fasciola hepatica is another cosmopolitan parasite in ruminants with a similar distribution to E...
October 10, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Shahla Rostami Rad, Shima Daneshpour, Mohammad Reza Mofid, Alireza Andalib, Abbasali Eskandariyan, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Cancer is the main cause of death in the developed countries. There are some scientific evidences indicating that parasitic infections induce antitumor activity against certain types of cancers. Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, which causes hydatidosis in human and livestock. We have already shown that vaccination of mice with hydatid cyst crude antigens and subsequently challenge them with cancer cells, causes inhibition of melanoma cancer growth. In this study, therapeutic effects of hydatid cyst antigens on C57/black mice that had already been challenged with melanoma tumor were investigated...
September 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Mashael S Alomari, Mohammed K Almutairi, Hamza M Alali, Jamal S Elwir, Sulaiman A Alola, Nora I Alfattoh, Nesrin A Alharthy, Moutasem A Azzubi
Echinococcosis, also called hydatid disease, is a parasitic disease that passes from animals to humans. Literature reports suggest very rare cases of cerebral hydatid cysts. Brain involvement with hydatid disease occurs in 1%-2% of all Echinococcus infections. In this report, we aim to emphasize the presentation of such an isolated primary cerebral hydatid cyst, discuss its radiological features, Emergency department management, inpatient medical management, referral to neurosurgery, consequent operative procedures, postoperative care, and outcome...
July 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Murat Akkuş, Mehmet Kaya, Muhammet Hulusi Satilmişoglu, Ayfer Utkusavaş
INTRODUCTION: We would like to present video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for the treatment of pericardial hydatid cyst. PATIENT AND METHOD: Thirty two-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation of a left mediastinal mass. Magnetic resonance image, computed tomography and transesophageal echocardiography confirmed a well circumscribed mass with compatible hydatid cyst at the left pericardial wall end of the differantial diagnosis. Our surgical plan entailed the endoscopic resection of pericardial hydatid cyst...
October 3, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Sumbal Haleem, Sadaf Niaz, Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Riaz Ullah, Mansour S Alsaid, Ali S Alqahtani, Abdelaaty A Shahat
Cystic echinococcosis is a serious zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus species complex. The current study is the first attempt to determine the level of infection in domestic livestock and to explore the CE-related knowledge and awareness among livestock farmers in different districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, province of Pakistan. A total of 1297 animals were examined for hydatid cysts including 538 cows, 428 buffaloes, 208 sheep, and 123 goats, at different slaughter houses in different districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in 2 years from September 2015 to September 2017...
2018: BioMed Research International
Mokhtar Bibi, Ahmed Sellami, Yassine Ouanes, Alia Zehani, Kays Chaker, Mohamed AliBen Chehida, Sami Ben Rhouma, Yassine Nouira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Urology Case Reports
Amy L Shima, Constantin C Constantinoiu, Linda K Johnson, Lee F Skerratt
Infection with the larval stage of the cestode, Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) , causes hydatid disease (hydatidosis) in a range of hosts, including macropods and other marsupials, cattle, and humans. Wild macropods are an important sylvatic reservoir for the life cycle of E. granulosus (s.l.) in Australia, and so provide a conduit for transmission of hydatid disease to domestic animals and humans. Two Lumholtz's tree-kangaroos ( Dendrolagus lumholtzi ) from the Atherton Tablelands of Far North Queensland were recently found to have hydatid cysts in both liver and lung tissues...
May 3, 2018: Tropical medicine and infectious disease
Thierry Adoukonou, Donald Accrombessi, Mendinatou Agbetou
We report the case of a 30-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive HIV patient who was poorly followed. She was admitted on November 30, 2017, for the management of febrile encephalitis syndrome with motor deficit of the left hemicorps and generalized seizures. In biology, we found a nonspecific inflammatory syndrome. The cerebral imaging without and with injection found a cystic formation multilobed right fronto-parietal of approximately 83 mm × 62 mm, the presence of an annular calcification of approximately 8 mm with a commitment under falcator, and a contralateral ventricle dilation...
October 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
I Issoufou, H Harmouch, L Belliraj, F Ammor, S Rabiou, H Younssa, D L James, M Lakranbi, R Sani, Y Ouadnouni, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: Our purpose is to report our experience in the management of pulmonary hydatid cysts ruptured in the pleura. Materiel and methods: We collected all records of patients with a ruptured hydatid cyst of the lung in the pleura who underwent surgery for this in the department of thoracic surgery of the CHU Hassan II of Fes during the 6-year period that started in 2010. RESULTS: The study included 20 men and 14 women with an average age of 30.44 ± 18...
August 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: The preferred localization of human echinococcosis is the liver and lungs, which account for 85% of cases. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. Primary solitary intramuscular hydatid disease is rare, even in countries in which echinococcosis is endemic and accounts for 1% of all human echinococcosis sites. CASE PRESENTATION: 37-year-old male farmer presented with primary hydatid cyst of the upper medial side of right thigh (Inside adductor magnus muscle) who was managed successfully by preoperative and postoperative dual treatment of albendazole together with surgery...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Burcin Atak, Gulali Aktas, M Zahid Kocak, Tuba Duman, Edip Erkus, Kamil Gurel, Haluk Savli
Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infection which causes enormous morbidity and mortality worldwide. The pathogenic organism responsible for hydatid cyst is Echinococcus granulosus. Despite the fact that the characteristic cysts of the disease usually occur in liver and lungs, they may also occur in aberrant localisations. Subjects either present with symptoms of infection itself or local complications due to compressive mass effect of the cyst. Here, we report a case of secondary hypertension due to extrinsic compression of the right renal artery by a giant hepatic hydatid cyst...
October 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Necati Örmeci, Çağdaş Kalkan, Fatih Karakaya, Ayşe Erden, Kenan Serdal Köse, Ali Emrehan Tüzün, Xheni Deda
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hydatid disease remains an important global socioeconomic health problem, particularly in the endemic areas. Although half of the patients show no symptoms, hydatid cysts should be treated because of their fatal complications. The aim of this study is to present the long-term results of percutaneous treatment of hydatid disease using the Örmeci technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine patients with 54 cystic lesions were diagnosed with hydatid disease...
September 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Kemal Beksac, Rustam Mammadov, Turkmen Ciftci, Gunes Guner, Aytekin Akyol, Volkan Kaynaroglu
An undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) is a rare and highly malignant mesenchymal neoplasm that is uncommonly observed in adults. We report a case of UESL found in a 26-year-old female. Our case was initially regarded as a type II hydatid cyst and then a malignant mass in radiological studies. The patient underwent nonanatomic liver resection. There were postoperative complications, but they were handled successfully. The patient received taxol-cisplatin-ifosfamide chemotherapy protocol and is disease-free after six years...
July 24, 2018: Curēus
Gokhan Polat, Hayri Ogul, Goksin Sengul
BACKGROUND: Hydatid cysts (HCs) are caused by parasites, the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. They usually affect the liver and lung, but primary brain involvement is rarely seen. HCs may cause a mass effect in the brain. For this reason, surgical excision must be performed. Complications may rarely occur after surgery. Recognition of complications is of vital importance. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old man presented with complaints of personality disorder and severe, long-standing headache...
October 2018: World Neurosurgery
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