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Hydatidic cyst

Morgan Tourne, Clairelyne Dupin, Pierre Mordant, Mathilde Neuville, Camille Taillé, Claire Danel
Cystic echinococcosis, or hydatidosis, also known as hydatid cyst, is a cosmopolitan parasitosis mainly present in breeding areas. This anthropozoonosis is related to the tissue development of an hydatid of an echinococcus tænia, Echinococcus granulosus, found in the digestive tract of canids, at the adult state. In France, this larval cestosis is essentially an import disease developed by patients from endemic areas such as East and North Africa, South America or Asia. However, autochtonous forms, although rare, still persist...
December 12, 2018: Annales de Pathologie
Shirzad Gholami, Asal Tanzifi, Mehdi Sharif, Ahmad Daryani, Mohammad-Taghi Rahimi, Siavash Mirshafiee, Shahabeddin Sarvi
Aim: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus cestodes, is a globally distributed chronic disease that is an important socioeconomic and public health problem in humans and livestock in developing countries, including Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the overall seroprevalence of hydatid infection in the general population of Iran. Materials and Methods: This systematic review began by searching electronic databases in English (PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Google Scholar) and Persian (Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Iran Medex, and Iran Doc)...
November 2018: Veterinary World
Deniz Alis, Onder Turna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2018: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology
Alex Studemeister, Marcos N Alvarez, Lucy Studemeister
A 30-year-old woman presenting with hemoptysis followed by acute respiratory distress developed a diagnostic pulmonary radiographic finding, called the sign of the camalote, indicative of ruptured hydatid cyst. Her computed tomography scan demonstrated the characteristic detached parasitic membrane floating on cystic fluid, reminiscent of Amazonian camalote leaves. She was managed successfully surgically. Ruptured hydatid cysts may present as a diagnostic challenge, in which the sign of the camalote may provide an important clue for this serious complication...
November 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Yener Aydin, Bayram Altuntas, Abdulkadir Kaya, Ali Bilal Ulas, Muhammet Hamidullah Uyanık, Atilla Eroglu
Objective: In this study, we researched the availability of Echinococcus IgG ELISA in pulmonary hydatid cysts. Materials and Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2015, 93 successive cases, which were studied in preoperative Echinococcus IgG and histopathologically found to have pulmonary hydatid cysts, were retrospectively analyzed. Age and sex of the cases and the cyst's location, number, size, spread to other organs outside the lungs, and its condition as intact or ruptured were reviewed...
October 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Taliha Oner, Oktay Korun, Ahmet Celebi
Cardiac hydatid cysts are a rare presentation of hydatid cyst disease in the body, with a reported cardiac involvement rate of <2%. The left ventricle is the most common site of cardiac involvement. Here, we report a patient with a hydatid cyst that ruptured into the pericardium after producing an aneurysm on the right ventricular free wall, appearing as fibrinated fluid and a solid mass lesion in the pericardium. Our aim in this case report was to emphasise that the possibility of a hydatid cyst should not be overlooked in the differential diagnosis of pericardial tumours...
December 4, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Sami Akbulut, Mehmet Yilmaz, Saadet Alan, Mehmet Kolu, Nese Karadag
Intra-abdominal aggressive fibromatosis is a locally aggressive tumor mostly originating from the mesentery or retroperitoneal space, infiltrating adjacent tissues, and very rarely metastasizing to distant organs. There are only two case reports in the English language literature where intra-abdominal aggressive fibromatosis originated from the intestinal wall. In this study, we aimed to report a case of aggressive fibromatosis originating from the muscularis propria layer of the duodenum and invading pancreas...
November 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Bibhusal Thapa, Ranjan Sapkota, Michelle Kim, Stephen Arthur Barnett, Prakash Sayami
Pulmonary parasitic infestations are a worldwide problem associated with significant morbidity and socioeconomic impact. They are known to have varied clinical presentations and radiological appearances. Prevention of parasite transmission and medical treatment of cases form the two pillars of control of these diseases. The role of surgery is limited to the diagnosis and definitive treatment of the minority of pulmonary parasitic afflictions, most notably hydatidosis. Despite surgery being established as the treatment of choice in pulmonary hydatid cysts (PHCs) for over half a century, variations and unresolved controversies persist regarding the best surgical technique...
October 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
F A Dowel, R Ara, N Nahar, N Khan, S Z Rima, R K Chakraborty, M Nadiruzzaman
Hepatic hydatid disease is a goonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus and it is endemic in different parts of the world. This infection is an important public health problem. Although it is distributed throughout the world but common in the livestock grazing regions of the world such as in Central Europe, Africa, South America, Central Asia and China. Here we present the case "30 years old female" with the complaints of right upper abdominal pain for 3 months, nausea & occasional vomiting for 1 month and was admitted under general surgery ward at Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh on 12th March 2018...
October 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Sushil Kumar Singh, Vikas Singh, Sarvesh Kumar, Vijayant Devenraj, Monika Bhandari, Ajay Kumar Pandey
Cardiac hydatidosis is a rare presentation of echinococcus granulosus infestation. We report the case of 57-year-old man who presented with syncope due to ventricular tachycardia and was managed with antiarrhythmic drugs for an acute episode. Echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging suggested a 1 cm right ventricular hydatid cyst. In view of the control of arrhythmia on antiarrhythmic drugs and the small size of the cyst, the patient was treated with albendazole 400 mg twice a day for 4 weeks...
November 28, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Anahita Nosrati, Eissa Soleymani, Lotfollah Davoodi
Echinococcus granulosus has been described as the common etiology of hydatid cysts in many parts of the world. A 54-yr-old female with lower abdominal pain referred to Gynecology Ward of Sari Imam Khomeini Hospital, Iran in 2016. Sonography was carried out and cysts in ovaries and liver were observed. The cysts of liver seemed to be hydatidosis but physicians were suspected about ovarian cystic mass. Anti- Echinococcus antibodies (ELISA) screen was positive. The operation was done on her and treatment by albendazole started one week before surgery and continued after discharge from the hospital...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Kıvanç Irak, Burçak Aslan Çelik, Zelal Karakoç, Özgür Yaşar Çelik, Handan Mert, Nihat Mert, Mustafa Oğuzhan Kaya
Background: Total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS) and oxidative stress index (OSI), nitric oxide (NO), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) levels, paraoxonase (PON1), arylesterase (ARES) activities, and biochemical changes were studied on sheep with cystic echinococcosis. Methods: The materials were taken from 2-3 yr old sheep slaughtered in Van Province, Turkey in 2017. Before the slaughter, blood samples were collected from the healthy sheep, while various organs of animals were examined for hydatid cysts after the slaughter...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Mohammad Matini, Maliheh Roostaei, Mohammad Fallah, Amir Hossein Maghsood, Massoud Saidijam, Majid Fasihi Harandi
Background: Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection and considered as a major economic and public health concern worldwide. This research was conducted to determine genotypic characteristics of livestock and human hydatid cyst isolates from Hamadan area, western Iran. Methods: Sampling was conducted in Hamadan industrial slaughterhouse and Beast Hospital of Hamadan City, western Iran, from 2015 to 2016. Overall, 74 livestock isolates including 69 sheep, 3 cattle and 2 goats and 9 human hydatid cysts were genotyped by PCR amplification of the rDNA ITS1 region and followed restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis with four restriction endonuclease enzymes, RsaI , HpaII , AluI , and TaqI , and sequencing...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Sonay Aydin, Cihat Tek, Fatma Dilek Gokharman, Erdem Fatihoglu, Pinar Nercis Kosar
Introduction: Hydatid cystic disease is a parasitic infestation that is mostly caused by Echinococcus granulosus , which is common in sheep-rearing areas of the Mediterranean, Middle East, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and South America. Canines are the definitive hosts, and herbivores (e.g. sheep, horses, deer) or humans are intermediate hosts. Ingested eggs from animal feces hatch in the gut and release oncospheres (immature forms of the parasite enclosed in an embryonic envelope)...
November 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Saket Kumar, Rugved Kulkarni, Nikhil Chopra, Abhijit Chandra
Hydatid disease is a parasitic zoonosis caused by the larval form of the Echinococcus worm. Hepatic hydatidosis is the most common form of disease in humans. Centrally located, large hydatid cysts have the tendency to rupture into the adjoining bile duct and form a fistulous communication. Suture closure of the cystobiliary communication detected during surgery is recommended to avoid postoperative complications related to bile leak. In the era of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic management of the cystobiliary communication can be challenging, and laparoscopic suturing may not always be feasible...
November 20, 2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
Abdolali Moshfe, Bahador Sarkari, Nasir Arefkhah, Reza Nikbakht, Reza Shahriarirad, Zahra Rezaei, Ali Jamshidi, Farid Moradian
The current study aimed at the seroepidemiological survey of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) in nomadic people in Boyer-Ahmad District in the southwest of Iran. One thousand and five nomads were selected by cross-sectional sample collection in nomadic tribes of Boyer-Ahmad District in the southwest of Iran. Blood samples were taken from each individual, and the sera were tested for detection of anti-hydatid cyst antibodies using antigen B-ELISA. A predesigned questionnaire which contained basic epidemiological and individual information related to hydatid cyst was filled for each subject during sample collecting...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Sam Khanbabaie, Mehdi Riazi, Chiat Han Chang, Muhammad Hafiznur Yunus, Rahmah Noordin
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a neglected zoonotic disease with a worldwide distribution and is a major public health problem in some areas. Diagnosis of CE is mainly based on clinical symptoms, imaging and serological testing, however, improvement in serodiagnosis is still needed. This study was aimed at detecting circulating Echinococcus antigen in CE patients using a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) assay. Three types of hydatid antigens i.e. hydatid cyst fluid (HCF), native antigen B (nAgB) and recombinant antigen B (rAgB) were prepared and polyclonal rabbit antiserum was raised against each antigen...
November 17, 2018: Acta Tropica
Baccouch Seifeddine, Challakhi Amel, Talbi Ghofrane, Bacha Dhouha, Gharbi Lassaad, Bayar Rached, Khalfallah Mohamed Taher
Rupture of hydatid cyst of liver with intact proligerous membrane is rare. We report the case of a 63 year-old female patient presenting with right hypocondrium pain without fever or jaundice. Diagnostic imaging examination showed hydatid cyst in segment IV of liver associated with pelvic cystic lesion measuring 12 cm x 06 cm. Surgical exploration revealed ruptured unilocular hydatid cyst of the liver with intact proligerous membrane and free in the peritoneal cavity. This study aims to report a new case of intraperitoneal rupture of hydatid cyst of liver with intact proligerous membrane and to highlight the diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties due to this complication...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Jian-Qiu Li, Li Li, Yan-Lei Fan, Bao-Quan Fu, Xing-Quan Zhu, Hong-Bin Yan, Wan-Zhong Jia
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is a highly endemic area of alveolar echinococcosis where a series of intermediate hosts, especially voles and pikas, are infected with Echinococcus multilocularis . The metacestodes of E. multilocularis are fluid-filled, asexually proliferating cysts, and they are mainly found in the host's liver in the form of tumor-like growths. In this study, we investigated the genetic variations of E. multilocularis in four mitochondrial (mt) genes, namely, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 ( nad 5), adenosine triphosphate subunit 6 ( atp 6), cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 ( cox 1), and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 ( nad 1)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Alba Manuel Vázquez, Raquel Latorre Fragua, Luis Gijón de la Santa, José Manuel Ramia
Hydatid disease is a zoonosis, still endemic in some Spanish geographical areas. Extrahepatic-extrapulmonary lesions account for only 10%, with pelvic lesions being exceptional. We present two patients with pelvic hydatidosis, with or without concomitant liver injury. Treatment depends on the cyst, location and symptoms. Surgery is mandatory if there is any complication.
November 19, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
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