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Hydatidic cyst

Pooya Iranpour, Azadeh Masroori
Here we report a rare case of primary hydatid cyst with involvement of soft tissue of the neck in a child. A 4-year-old girl presented with gradual swelling of the right side of her neck over a period of several months. The lump was fairly soft and painless with no significant inflammation. There was no other abnormal finding in the physical examination. Imaging was performed by ultrasonography followed by neck CT scan which demonstrated a simple cyst as the cause for the neck bulging. With the presumed diagnosis of a branchial cleft cyst, surgical resection was performed...
August 9, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Serdar Epçaçan, Mehmet G Ramoğlu, Fatih Özdemir
Hydatid disease is a zoonotic parasitic infection endemic in livestock-raising countries. Isolated cardiac hydatid cyst is a very rare disease, and chest pain, palpitations, cough, and dyspnoea are the most common presenting symptoms. Here a case of isolated cardiac hydatid cyst in a female patient with chest pain and electrocardiographic changes mimicking myocardial ischaemia is presented.
August 7, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Ashok Kumar Pannu, Rithvik Golla
The management of a pulmonary echinococcal cyst consists mainly of medical treatment with a scolicidal agent such as albendazole and surgical extirpation. Rarely, a pulmonary cyst may rupture into a bronchus and be spontaneously expelled. This may result in seeding elsewhere in the bronchial tree, or even the alimentary tract, but occasionally, as in our case, may result in a cure.
August 6, 2018: Tropical Doctor
Ali Vatankhah, Seyed Mohamad Reza Ghaffari, Reza G Vatankhah, Violetta Piurkó, József Tímár, Amir Avan, Mir H Jazayeri
Hydatid cyst, the larval stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus and a causative agent of cystic echinococcosis, possesses a vast number of antigenic peptides that are constantly presented in the host immune system during infection. Here, we sought to provide more information about the cellular/humoral components engaged in the peripheral immune reactions to the fertile-cyst-derived Echinococcus alkaline phosphatase (E.ALP) in human hosts. Lymphoproliferative and cytokine responses after recall of E.ALP suggested the presence of specific immune reactions against the antigen...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Neriman Mor, Tülay Diken Allahverdi, Ertuğrul Allahverdi, Ümit Yener Tekdoğan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the serological and radiological analysis and medical and surgical treatment results of patients diagnosed with cystic echinococcosis (CE). METHODS: Records belonging to a total of 67 patients diagnosed with CE who presented to the Kars Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine Research Hospital's Surgical Outpatient unit between January 2012 and December 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Of 67 CE cases, 53 (79...
April 18, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Rajeev Sandal, Aditya Jandial, Kundan Mishra, Alka Khadwal, Pankaj Malhotra
A 55-year-old lady presented with pain abdomen for two months. She had protuberant abdomen with tender hepatomegaly. Ultrasonography of abdomen revealed 164x102x129 mm cystic lesion with thin-walled internal septae in the right lobe of the liver with a detached laminated membrane or floating membrane and daughter cysts suggestive of active hydatid cyst. She was managed with tablet albendazole for three months and ultrasonography-guided percutaneous puncture, aspiration, injection of scolicidal agents and re-aspiration...
July 28, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Despoina Tramma, Maria Gogou, Vasilios Lambropoulos
The differential diagnosis of scrotal pain in childhood is a challenge for every primary care physician. We report the case of a 5-year-old boy presenting to the emergency department owing to acute left scrotal pain. Ultrasound screening revealed a Morgagni hydatid in the left testis, which was surgically removed. X-rays revealed microcalcifications of the cyst wall and stroma, signs indicative of chronic inflammation. Results of histological examination confirmed radiographic evaluation. No similar use of x-rays has been described in literature before, to the best of our knowledge...
July 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
J Fabbri, M A Maggiore, P E Pensel, C M Albani, G M Denegri, M C Elissondo
Echinococcus granulosus causes hydatidosis or cystic echinococcosis in humans and livestock. In humans, this disease can be managed with surgery, percutaneous treatment, chemotherapy and/or observation. The chemotherapeutic agents used and approved for treatment of hydatidosis are benzimidazoles. Because of the difficulties in achieving successful treatment, considerable efforts have been made to find new natural compounds against hydatid disease. Beta-myrcene is a monoterpene presented in the essential oils of different plants...
July 21, 2018: Acta Tropica
Niki Papavramidou, Helen Christopoulou-Aletra, Theodossis Papavramidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
Shahla Rostami-Rad, Rasool Jafari, Hossein Yousofi Darani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widespread parasitic disease caused by infection with the larval stage of a tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus. The immune response to hydatid cyst in intermediate hosts is a complex and contradictory issue. It is suggested that a Th2 response would favor the establishment of the parasite, whereas a Th1 response would be lethal for the parasite. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of IL2, TNFα, and IFNγ as T helper (Th)1-type cytokines, IL4 as a Th2-type cytokine, and total IgG in C57/black mice inoculated with E...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Estefanía Rossetti, Anabella Boto, Carlos González Cambaceres, Silvina Ruvinsky, Ezequiel Sagray
Hydatidosis is a parasitic infection caused by the Echinococcus granulosus larvae, transmitted by the ingestion of infected food, characterized by the formation of cysts in vital organs. In Argentina, the disease is spread throughout the territory, constituting an important public health issue. The disease usually affects the liver and lungs. The affection of other organs is rare, and even more uncommon the affection of the heart. We present the case of a disseminated hydatidosis in a pediatric patient, whose initial clinical manifestation was an acute arterial embolism of the right limb caused by the rupture of a hydatidic cardiac cyst...
August 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Mohammad Ali Emam Hadi, Fares Najari, Leila Soleimani
Echinococcosis is an infection caused in human by complex parasites that causes cystic hydatid disease. These infections are prevalent in most areas where livestock is raised in association with dogs. These parasites are found in all continents. Slowly enlarging cysts generally remain asymptomatic until their size has expanded. Here we present a case of sudden death following cyst emboli to the large veins and right heart of a young adult female.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Fatih Levent, Efe Edem, Sadık Volkan Emren, Sedat Altay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid cyst (HC) disease is a serious health problem in endemic areas, solitary primary subcutaneous hydatid cyst is not frequent and the only symptom is generally a silent growing mass. Total excision remains the mainstay of treatment. The aim of the study was to present a case surgically treated. CASE PRESENTATION: 48-year-old female farmer presented with HC of the right hypochondrium who was managed surgically. DISCUSSION: The mechanism of primary subcutaneous localization is unclear...
June 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Sujata S Giriyan, N Navyashree
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Varsha Kumar, Vatsala Misra, Dilip Chaurasiya, Neelima Verma
Cystic renal masses pose diagnostic challenge especially when they belong to Bosniak Type II and III. Septal and nodular enhancement on computed tomography (CT) is the strongest predictor of malignant process. A unilocular cyst with a calcified rim or a multilocular cystic lesion with heterogeneity on CT goes in favor of hydatid disease. We report a case in a 65-year-old female who presented with painless hematuria, was found to have a cystic mass in the right kidney. The mass turned out to be collecting duct carcinoma after histopathological examination though imaging studies were in favor of a hydatid cyst...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Stephanie J Doniger, Alexander Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become increasingly important in resource-limited settings. It can rapidly diagnose both tropical infectious diseases and more common pathology at the bedside. In these practice settings, POCUS can have a significant impact on management strategies and patient care. Ultrasonography has been the gold standard for the diagnosis and staging of Echinococcus disease. However, even in the "classic" clinical scenario and setting, the clinician must maintain a broad differential diagnosis...
July 12, 2018: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Saeed Mohammadi, Narges Hassanpoor, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Narges Shahbazi, Seyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi
Purpose: To report a rare case of orbital alveolar echinococcosis in Iran. Methods: A 23-year-old woman with multi-lobular mass lesion in the right orbit underwent excisional biopsy via a deep lateral orbitotomy approach. The pathologic investigation of the lesion was a multilobulated cystic lesion shown where the cyst wall structure was compatible with alveolar Hydatid cyst in histopathology. Clinical course, surgical, and medical management of the disease is noted briefly in the case of orbital involvement of the alveolar echinococcosis...
June 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Ilhan Ocakcioglu, Fuat Sayir
PURPOSE: Pulmonary hydatid cyst is a preventable parasitary disease with high prevalence in low-medium income countries. Thoracoscopic approach is seen in the literature as small-case groups and multiple-port incisions are observed in these studies. Unlike other thoracoscopic approaches for the surgical treatment, we describe the single-port technique for the first time in our study. We attempt to compare the clinical outcomes and preliminary results of patients with pulmonary hydatid cyst treated with either minimally invasive or thoracotomy...
July 2, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Farnaz Kheirandish, Ebrahim Badparva, Hossein Mahmmoudvand, Elahe Beiranvand, Simin Babaei, Bahram Nasiri
Background: Regarding hydatid cyst (cystic echinococcosis, CE) as a human public health problem in the West of Iran, molecular data related to the genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus in cattle and sheep in these regions are still insufficient. Here, we evaluated the genotypes of E. granulosus infecting sheep and cattle in western Iran. Methods: Totally, 36 hydatid cysts including 18 hydatid cysts of sheep and 18 hydatid cysts of cattle were collected from Khorramabad slaughterhouse (Lorestan Province), Western Iran between May to September 2014...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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