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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161320/in-vivo-effects-of-intraocular-and-intracranial-pressures-on-the-lamina-cribrosa-microstructure
#1
Bo Wang, Huong Tran, Matthew A Smith, Tigran Kostanyan, Samantha E Schmitt, Richard A Bilonick, Ning-Jiun Jan, Larry Kagemann, Elizabeth C Tyler-Kabara, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Joel S Schuman, Ian A Sigal, Gadi Wollstein
There is increasing clinical evidence that the eye is not only affected by intraocular pressure (IOP), but also by intracranial pressure (ICP). Both pressures meet at the optic nerve head of the eye, specifically the lamina cribrosa (LC). The LC is a collagenous meshwork through which all retinal ganglion cell axons pass on their way to the brain. Distortion of the LC causes a biological cascade leading to neuropathy and impaired vision in situations such as glaucoma and idiopathic intracranial hypertension...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160980/antegrade-vs-retrograde-cannulation-does-the-evidence-support-a-practice-change
#2
Lynda K Ball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160978/cannulation-technique-and-arteriovenous-fistula-survival-in-older-adult-patients-on-hemodialysis
#3
Radojica V Stolic, Goran Z Trajkovic, Mirjana M Kostic, Bratislav D Lazic, Bozidar Odalovic, Tanja N Smilic, Javorka S Mitic
Cannulation technique has the potential to impact arteriovenous fistula (AVF) function. The aim of this research was to determine the impact of cannulation technique on the length of the functioning AVFs in older adult patients on hemodialysis. The study included 110 participants with fistula thrombosis who had used area technique or rope ladder technique. Biochemical parameters, gender, demographic, and clinical variables were determined. Patients who used the area cannulation technique differed significantly from patients using the rope ladder technique with regard to duration of hemodialysis (p < 0...
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160976/cannulation-outcomes-of-the-arteriovenous-fistula-for-hemodialysis-a-scoping-review
#4
Lori Harwood, Barbara Wilson, Maren Goodman
The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the recommended access for most people requiring hemodialysis. Success or failure of cannulation of the AVF greatly impacts the patient's experience. Research suggests that skill development in this area is needed. This scoping review was conducted to review current research on cannulation of the AVF to find strategies to improve successful cannulation. Results of this scoping review (n = 36)demonstrated that most studies can be categorized under the technique of cannulation, and concerns and preferences with the AVF as a consequence of cannulation...
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160973/outcomes-for-successful-cannulation-of-the-arteriovenous-fistula-perspectives-from-patients-on-hemodialysis
#5
Barbara Wilson, Lori Harwood
There is a lack of consensus in the literature on what constitutes successful arteriovenous fistula (AVF) cannulation outcomes from the patient perspective. The purpose of this study was to describe what successful cannulation means to patients on hemodialysis. A qualitative descriptive approach was used. A purposeful sample of 17 patients dialyzing with an AVF participated in one face-to-face interview. Using content analysis, four themes were identified that impact the patient experience in defining successful cannulation: 1) an emotional response - pain and anxiety, 2) a 'friendly' nurse-patient relationship, 3) nursing interventions/technical skills during cannulation, and 4) the impact of the environment...
September 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157657/how-i-cannulate-the-bile-duct
#6
REVIEW
Robert H Hawes, Jacques Devière
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154236/risk-factors-of-pancreatitis-after-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-review-of-literature-and-practical-remarks-based-on-approximately-10-000-ercps
#7
Andrzej Jamry
Post-endoscopic pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Depending on the presence of risk factors, PEP can occur in 4,1% to about 43% of patients. According to the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines, only three to patient-associated risk factors have been identified: suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) (OR 4.09), female gender (OR 2.23), and previous pancreatitis (OR 2.46). Another three procedure-associated factors include cannulation attempt duration > 10 minutes (OR 1...
October 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153819/direct-true-lumen-cannulation-samurai-cannulation-for-acute-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection
#8
Tadashi Kitamura, Masaki Nie, Tetsuya Horai, Kagami Miyaji
In operations for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection, several cannulation options are available for cardiopulmonary bypass arterial perfusion. These are femoral, axillary, Seldinger ascending aortic, transapical, and transatrial, each of which has advantages and drawbacks. We describe our surgical technique of direct true lumen cannulation ("Samurai" cannulation), which represents an easy, safe, and practical option in operations for acute type A aortic dissection.
December 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153287/avulsion-fracture-of-the-calcaneal-tuberosity-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Thomas Rauer, Reto Twerenbold, Roman Flückiger, Valentin Neuhaus
Avulsion fractures of the calcaneal tuberosity are predominantly seen in patients with poor bone quality, the commonly used lag screw fixation might not be strong enough even with bony fragments of sufficient size. We present a case of a closed displaced avulsion fracture of the calcaneal tuberosity due to blunt trauma to the calf in a 74-year-old female. Open reduction and internal fixation with two 3.5-mm cannulated cortical screws with washers was performed, and anatomic reduction was achieved. Without further trauma, secondary displacement of the fracture occurred on day 3...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152792/novel-technique-using-a-non-tip-and-short-wire-papillotome-for-biliary-cannulation-of-intradiverticular-papilla-in-patients-with-roux-en-y-anastomosis
#10
Maya Suguro, Kenjiro Yamamoto, Takao Itoi
Balloon enteroscopy-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (BE-ERCP) has enabled the endoscopic treatment of pancreatobiliary disease in patients with a surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy.(1-3) However, even though the endoscope can reach the papilla, successful cannulation of the common bile duct may be difficult in the papilla located within a diverticulum because of an insufficient distance from the papilla in the tangential direction. Therefore endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainages have been reported as useful and safety methods...
November 20, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152759/retrieval-of-adult-patients-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-by-an-intensive-care-physician-model
#11
Aidan J C Burrell, David V Pilcher, Vincent A Pellegrino, Stephen A Bernard
The optimal staffing model during the inter-hospital transfer of patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is not known. We report the complications and outcomes of patients who were commenced on ECMO at a referring hospital by intensive care physicians and compare these findings with patients who had ECMO established at an ECMO center in Australia. This was a single center, retrospective observational study based on a prospectively collected ECMO database from Melbourne, Australia. Patients with severe cardiac and/or respiratory failure failing conventional supportive treatment between 2007-2013 were placed on ECMO via a physician-led model of ECMO retrieval, including two intensivists in a four person team, using percutaneous ECMO cannulation...
November 19, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152600/role-of-epinephrine-and-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-the-management-of-ischemic-refractory-ventricular-fibrillation-a-randomized-trial-in-pigs
#12
Jason A Bartos, Sebastian Voicu, Timothy R Matsuura, Adamantios Tsangaris, Georgios Sideris, Brett A Oestreich, Stephen A George, Matthew Olson, Kadambari Chandra Shekar, Jennifer N Rees, Kathleen Carlson, Pierre Sebastian, Scott McKnite, Ganesh Raveendran, Tom P Aufderheide, Demetris Yannopoulos
xtracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of refractory cardiac arrest. We used a 2×2 study design to compare ECMO versus CPR and epinephrine versus placebo in a porcine model of ischemic refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF). Pigs underwent 5 minutes of untreated VF, 10 minutes of CPR, and were randomized to receive epinephrine versus placebo for another 35 minutes. Animals were further randomized to LAD reperfusion at minute 45 with ongoing CPR versus veno-arterial ECMO cannulation at minute 45 of CPR and subsequent LAD reperfusion...
June 2017: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152469/eyebrow-incision-for-surgical-evacuation-of-a-lobar-intracerebral-hematoma-with-a-novel-endoport-system
#13
Dale Ding, Colin J Przybylowski, Robert M Starke, R Webster Crowley, Kenneth C Liu
Large lobar intracerebral hemorrhages (ICHs) can cause rapid neurological deterioration, and affected patients have low rates of survival and functional independence. Currently, the role of surgical intervention in the management patients with lobar ICHs is controversial. Minimally invasive technologies have been developed which may potentially decrease the operative morbidity of ICH surgery. The aim of this case report is to describe the technical aspects of the use of a novel minimally invasive endoport system, the BrainPath (NICO, Indianapolis, IN, USA), through an eyebrow incision for evacuation of a large lobar hematoma...
June 2017: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151506/the-incidence-of-complications-in-single-stage-endoscopic-stone-removal-for-patients-with-common-bile-duct-stones-a-propensity-score-analysis
#14
Hirokazu Saito, Yoshihiro Kadono, Kentaro Kamikawa, Atsushi Urata, Haruo Imamura, Ikuo Matsushita, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Shuji Tada
Objective Single-stage endoscopic stone removal for choledocholithiasis is an advantageous approach because it is associated with a shorter hospital stay; however, few studies have reported the incidence of complications related to this procedure in detail. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of complications and efficacy of this procedure Methods This retrospective study investigated the incidence of complications in 345 patients with naive papilla who underwent therapeutic ERCP for choledocholithiasis at three institutions between April 2014 and March 2016 by a propensity score analysis...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149044/the-effect-of-hock-injury-laterality-and-lameness-on-lying-behaviors-and-lying-laterality-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#15
Nicole L Eberhart, Peter D Krawczel
Lactating dairy cattle divide their lying equally between their left side and their right side. However, discomfort, such as pregnancy and cannulation, can cause a cow to shift lying side preference. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of lameness and hock injuries on lying behaviors, particularly lying laterality, of lactating dairy cows. Cows from four commercial farms in eastern Croatia that had lying behavior data, health score data, and production records were used in the study. Health scores including hock injuries and locomotion were collected once per cow...
November 17, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148009/preoperative-ultrasound-for-runoff-venous-decompression-of-peripheral-nerves-for-arteriovenous-access-related-pain-in-the-upper-limb
#16
Hiroaki Matsuda, Yoshinari Oka, Ryuichi Yoshida, Yuki Katsura, Hidemi Takeuchi, Yasuo Fujimoto, Shigeko Takatsu, Masashi Miyazaki
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous access (AVA)-related pain treated successfully with runoff-venous decompression of the causative nerve, following ultrasound (US)-assisted preoperative evaluation, has never been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man suffering from constant exhausting pains along the outflow cephalic vein of the radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula at the wrist and the antecubital fossa, was treated surgically after the diagnosis of AVA-related pain derived from cephalic vein compression on two peripheral cutaneous nerves, the superficial radial nerve (SRN) and the lateral antebrachial cutaneous nerve (LACN)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147997/drug-eluting-balloon-angioplasty-for-assisted-maturation-of-failing-fistulae
#17
Alexandros Mallios, Jeffrey Hull, Benoit Boura, Alessandro Costanzo, Myriam Combes
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience of balloon-assisted maturation with drug-eluting balloon dilation in patients with recurrent failing arteriovenous fistulae. CASE SERIES: Three patients (all males, mean age 71 years) with a complex history of failed attempts at native fistula creation underwent surgical creation of arteriovenous fistulae. Two patients had a two-stage brachio-brachial fistula and 1 had a brachio-cephalic fistula that also required subsequent elevation...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145338/pancreatogenic-choledocholithiasis-in-common-bile-duct-stump-after-roux-en-y-hepaticojejunostomy-a-case-report
#18
Yuan-Hui Jiang, An-Hong Zhang, Shao-Jun Zhou
RATIONALE: Choledocholithiasis in common bile duct (CBD) stump after Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy (RYHJ) is incredibly rare and its pathophysiology is poorly understood. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 79-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with upper abdominal pain radiating through to the back in November 2016. DIAGNOSES: Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) revealed filling defects in CBD stump, chronic pancreatitis, and dilatation of CBD stump and main pancreatic duct (MPD)...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143448/prospective-observational-study-of-predicted-usage-of-intravenous-cannulas-inserted-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-emergency-department
#19
William Hollaway, Carsten Broeze, Meredith L Borland
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of unused peripheral intravenous cannulas (PIVCs) inserted in a paediatric emergency department (PED) and to assess clinicians' abilities to predict future usage of PIVC. METHODS: Prospective concealed observational study in a tertiary PED. Healthcare workers (HCWs) completed questionnaires upon insertion and removal of PIVC with review of patient notes if required. The primary outcome was the number of unused, unnecessary PIVCs...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141066/vancomycin-infiltrate-induced-dermatitis-mimicking-bullous-cellulitis
#20
Sowmya Nanjappa, Matthew Snyder, John N Greene
<p>Extravasation of medications can manifest as tenderness, pain, tissue necrosis, and thrombophlebitis and lead to infection and severe long-term complications. Risk factors for leakage of medications include mechanical and pharmacologic mechanisms such as cannulation technique, vasoconstriction, and cytotoxicity. Well-known vesicants like anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids, and vasopressors are usually administered with proper caution. Often overlooked are many antimicrobial agents, which typically act via differences in osmolality and pH...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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