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Sarcosine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702505/human-snorna-93-is-processed-into-a-microrna-like-rna-that-promotes-breast-cancer-cell-invasion
#1
Dillon G Patterson, Justin T Roberts, Valeria M King, Dominika Houserova, Emmaline C Barnhill, Aline Crucello, Caroline J Polska, Lucas W Brantley, Garrett C Kaufman, Michael Nguyen, Megann W Santana, Ian A Schiller, Julius S Spicciani, Anastasia K Zapata, Molly M Miller, Timothy D Sherman, Ruixia Ma, Hongyou Zhao, Ritu Arora, Alexander B Coley, Melody M Zeidan, Ming Tan, Yaguang Xi, Glen M Borchert
Genetic searches for tumor suppressors have recently linked small nucleolar RNA misregulations with tumorigenesis. In addition to their classically defined functions, several small nucleolar RNAs are now known to be processed into short microRNA-like fragments called small nucleolar RNA-derived RNAs. To determine if any small nucleolar RNA-derived RNAs contribute to breast malignancy, we recently performed a RNA-seq-based comparison of the small nucleolar RNA-derived RNAs of two breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) and identified small nucleolar RNA-derived RNAs derived from 13 small nucleolar RNAs overexpressed in MDA-MB-231s...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676336/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-iron-regulated-outer-membrane-proteins-in-aeromonas-hydrophila-as-potential-vaccine-candidates
#2
Yuqian Wang, Huarong Chen, Zhuang Guo, Lina Sun, Yuying Fu, Tao Li, Wenxiong Lin, Xiangmin Lin
The iron-regulated outer membrane protein (OMP) of Aeromonas hydrophila is an effective vaccine candidate, but its intrinsic functional components are largely unknown. In this study, we compared the differentially expressed sarcosine-insoluble fractions of A. hydrophila in iron-limited and normal medium using tandem mass tag labeling-based quantitative proteomics, and identified 91 upregulated proteins including 21 OMPs and 83 downregulated proteins including 10 OMPs. Subsequent bioinformatics analysis showed that iron chelate transport-related proteins were enriched in increasing abundance, whereas oxidoreductase activity and translation-related proteins were significantly enriched in decreasing abundance...
July 1, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636478/pathway-and-rate-limiting-step-of-glyphosate-degradation-by-aspergillus-oryzae-a-f02
#3
Gui-Ming Fu, Yan Chen, Ru-Yi Li, Xiao-Qiang Yuan, Cheng-Mei Liu, Bin Li, Yin Wan
Aspergillus oryzae A-F02, a glyphosate-degrading fungus, was isolated from an aeration tank in a pesticide factory. The pathway and rate-limiting step of glyphosate (GP) degradation were investigated through metabolite analysis. GP, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) and methylamine were detected in the fermentation liquid of A. oryzae A-F02, whereas sarcosine and glycine were not. The pathway of GP degradation in A. oryzae A-F02 was revealed: GP was firstly degraded into AMPA, which was then degraded into methylamine...
June 21, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616992/coherent-experimental-and-simulation-approach-to-explore-the-underlying-mechanism-of-denaturation-of-stem-bromelain-in-osmolytes
#4
Anjeeta Rani, Mohamed Taha, Pannuru Venkatesu, Ming-Jer Lee
Characterization of a protein in the context of its environment is of crucial importance for a complete understanding of its function. Although biophysical techniques provide powerful tools for studying the stability and activity of the enzyme in the presence of various cosolvents, an approach of combining both experimental techniques and molecular dynamic (MD) simulations may lead to the mechanistic insight into the interactions governing the stability of an enzyme. The knowledge of these interactions can be further utilized for range of modifications in the wild form of an enzyme for various pharmaceutical applications...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594555/effect-of-aging-on-the-absorption-of-small-peptides-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#5
Vu Thi Hanh, Weilin Shen, Mitsuru Tanaka, Aino E Siltari, Riita A Korpela, Toshiro Matsui
In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of aging on the absorption of small peptides in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Three kinds of dipeptides, glycyl-sarcosine (Gly-Sar), Trp-His, and captopril (a dipeptidomimetic drug), a Gly-Sar-Sar tripeptide, a Gly-Sar-Sar-Sar tetrapeptide, and a Gly-Sar-Sar-Sar-Sar pentapeptide were administered at doses of 10 mg/kg each to 8- and 40-week-old SHRs. The peptides were all detected in their intact forms in the blood. There was a significantly promoted absorption of di-/tripeptides in aged SHRs compared with young SHRs...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552337/one-pot-microwave-assisted-stereoselective-synthesis-of-novel-dihydro-2-h-spiro-indene-2-1-pyrrolo-3-4-c-pyrrole-tetraones-and-evaluation-of-their-antimycobacterial-activity-and-inhibition-of-ache
#6
Chelliah Bharkavi, Sundaravel Vivek Kumar, Mohamed Ashraf Ali, Hasnah Osman, Shanmugam Muthusubramanian, Subbu Perumal
An efficient one-pot microwave assisted stereoselective synthesis of novel dihydro-2'H-spiro[indene-2,1'-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole]-tetraone derivatives through three-component 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of azomethine ylides generated in situ from ninhydrin and sarcosine with a series of 1-aryl-1H-pyrrole-2,5-diones is described. The synthesised compounds were screened for their antimycobacterial and AChE inhibition activities. Compound 4b (IC50 1.30µM) has been found to display twelve fold antimycobacterial activity compared to cycloserine and it is thirty seven times more active than pyrimethamine...
May 17, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542385/cadmium-toxicity-induced-contrasting-patterns-of-concentrations-of-free-sarcosine-specific-amino-acids-and-selected-microelements-in-two-noccaea-species
#7
Veronika Zemanová, Milan Pavlík, Daniela Pavlíková
Cadmium (Cd) toxicity affects numerous metabolic processes in plants. In the presence of Cd, plants accumulate specific amino acids which may be beneficial to developing Cd tolerance. Our study aimed to characterize the changes in the metabolism of selected free amino acids that are associated with Cd tolerance, and investigate the levels of selected microelements in order to relate these changes to the adaptation strategies of two metallophytes-Noccaea caerulescens (Redlschlag, Austria) and Noccaea praecox (Mežica, Slovenia)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533240/heterocycle-thiazole-compounds-exhibit-antifungal-activity-through-increase-in-the-production-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-cryptococcus-neoformans-cryptococcus-gattii-species-complex
#8
Nívea Pereira de Sá, Caroline Miranda de Lima, Cleudiomar Inácio Lino, Paulo Jorge Sanches Barbeira, Ludmila de Matos Baltazar, Daniel Assis Santos, Renata Barbosa de Oliveira, Eleftherios Mylonakis, Beth Burgwyn Fuchs, Susana Johann
Human cryptococcosis can occur as a primary or opportunistic infection and develops as an acute, sub-acute, or chronic systemic infection, involving different organs of the host. Given the limited therapeutic options and the occasional resistance to fluconazole, there is a need to develop novel drugs for the treatment of cryptococcosis. In this report, we describe promising thiazoles 1, 2, 3, and 4 and explore their possible modes of action against Cryptococcus. To this end, we show evidence of interference in the Cryptococcus antioxidant system...
May 22, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493724/tuning-the-viscoelasticity-of-peptide-vesicles-by-adjusting-hydrophobic-helical-blocks-comprising-amphiphilic-polypeptides
#9
Cheol Joo Kim, Motoki Ueda, Tomoya Imai, Junji Sugiyama, Shunsaku Kimura
Amphiphilic block polypeptides of poly(sarcosine)-b-(l-Val-Aib)6 and poly(sarcosine)-b-(l-Leu-Aib)6 and their stereoisomers were self-assembled in water. Three kinds of binary systems of poly(sarcosine)-b-(l-Leu-Aib)6 with poly(sarcosine)-b-poly(d-Leu-Aib)6, poly(sarcosine)-b-poly(l-Val-Aib)6, or poly(sarcosine)-b-(d-Val-Aib)6 generated vesicles of ca. 200 nm diameter. The viscoelasticity of the vesicle membranes was evaluated by the nanoindentation method using AFM in water. The elasticity of the poly(sarcosine)-b-(l-Leu-Aib)6/poly(sarcosine)-b-poly(d-Leu-Aib)6 vesicle was 11-fold higher than that of the egg yolk liposome but decreased in combinations of the Leu- and Val-based amphiphilic polypeptides...
June 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491480/new-treatment-strategies-of-depression-based-on-mechanisms-related-to-neuroplasticity
#10
REVIEW
Yu-Jhen Huang, Hsien-Yuan Lane, Chieh-Hsin Lin
Major depressive disorder is a severe and complex mental disorder. Impaired neurotransmission and disrupted signalling pathways may influence neuroplasticity, which is involved in the brain dysfunction in depression. Traditional neurobiological theories of depression, such as monoamine hypothesis, cannot fully explain the whole picture of depressive disorders. In this review, we discussed new treatment directions of depression, including modulation of glutamatergic system and noninvasive brain stimulation. Dysfunction of glutamatergic neurotransmission plays an important role in the pathophysiology of depression...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490248/sodium-louroyl-sarcosinate-sarkosyl-modulate-amyloid-fibril-formation-in-hen-egg-white-lysozyme-hewl-at-alkaline-ph-a-molecular-insight-study
#11
Javed Masood Khan, Mohd Shahnawaz Khan, Mohammad Abdulrahman Alsenaidy, Anwar Ahmed, Priyankar Sen, Mohammad Oves, Nasser Abdulatif Al-Shabib, Rizwan Hasan Khan
Amyloid fibril formation is responsible for several neurodegenerative diseases and are formed when native proteins misfold and stick together with different interactive forces. In the present study, we have determined the mode of interaction of the anionic surfactant sarkosyl with hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) [EC No. 3.2.1.17] at two pHs (9.0 and 13.0) and investigated its impact on fibrillogenesis. Our data suggested that sarkosyl is promoting amyloid fibril formation in HEWL at the concentration range between 0...
May 28, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487071/diversity-oriented-sustainable-synthesis-of-antimicrobial-spiropyrrolidine-thiapyrrolizidine-oxindole-derivatives-new-ligands-for-a-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-from-klebsiella-pneumonia
#12
Anshu Dandia, Shahnawaz Khan, Pragya Soni, Aayushi Indora, Dinesh Kumar Mahawar, Prateek Pandya, Chetan Singh Chauhan
A simple, environmentally benign and highly proficient microwave assisted one-pot approach for the synthesis of antimicrobial spiropyrrolidine/thiapyrrolizidine oxindole derivatives is reported assembling two pharmacophoric moieties (1,3-indanedione and pyrrolidine/thiapyrrolizidine) in a single molecular framework via three-component 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction of substituted isatin, sarcosine/1,3-thiazoles-4-carboxylic acid and Knoevenagel adduct (2-Cyano-3-phenyl-acrylic acid ethyl ester or 2-Benzylidene-malononitrile) in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol as a reusable green solvent...
April 27, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420177/molecular-hybridization-guided-one-pot-multicomponent-synthesis-of-turmerone-motif-fused-3-3-pyrrolidinyl-dispirooxindoles-via-a-1-3-dipolar-cycloaddition-reaction
#13
Bing Lin, Gen Zhou, Yi Gong, Qi-Di Wei, Min-Yi Tian, Xiong-Li Liu, Ting-Ting Feng, Ying Zhou, Wei-Cheng Yuan
Described herein is the development of a facile and efficient methodology for the synthesis of novel turmerone motif-fused 3,3'-pyrrolidinyl-dispirooxindoles 3-5 via a multicomponent 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of dienones 2 with azomethine ylides (thermally generated in situfrom isatins and proline or thioproline or sarcosine). Products bearing four or three consecutive stereocenters consist of two oxindole moieties and a pyrrolidinyl core, including vicinal spiroquaternary stereocenters fused in one ring structure were smoothly obtained in high yields (up to 93% yield) with good diastereoselectivity (up to >20:1)...
April 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402211/metabolomic-study-of-chardonnay-grapevines-double-stressed-with-esca-associated-fungi-and-drought
#14
Marta R M Lima, Antoinette F Machado, Walter D Gubler
Esca is a complex grapevine trunk disease associated with fungal infection of the xylem. However, the inconstancy of external symptoms and the ability of esca-associated fungi to inhabit grapevines without causing apparent disease suggests that abiotic factors might be involved in the disease. Water stress has been proposed to be one of the factors influencing esca symptom manifestation but the specific role played by water stress on esca development is unknown. We conducted a proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-based metabolomic study aiming at unveiling drought-induced modifications in xylem sap composition that could contribute to esca-related infection progression...
June 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383143/recognition-of-corn-defense-chitinases-by-fungal-polyglycine-hydrolases
#15
Todd A Naumann, Erica L Bakota, Neil P J Price
Polyglycine hydrolases (PGH)s are secreted fungal endoproteases that cleave peptide bonds in the polyglycine interdomain linker of ChitA chitinase, an antifungal protein from domesticated corn (Zea mays ssp. mays). These target-specific endoproteases are unusual because they do not cut a specific peptide bond but select one of many Gly-Gly bonds within the polyglycine region. Some Gly-Gly bonds are cleaved frequently while others are never cleaved. Moreover, we have previously shown that PGHs from different fungal pathogens prefer to cleave different Gly-Gly peptide bonds...
June 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378759/quantitative-proteomics-by-swath-ms-reveals-sophisticated-metabolic-reprogramming-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-tissues
#16
Yanyan Gao, Xinzheng Wang, Zhihong Sang, Zongcheng Li, Feng Liu, Jie Mao, Dan Yan, Yongqiang Zhao, Hongli Wang, Ping Li, Xiaomin Ying, Xuemin Zhang, Kun He, Hongxia Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and understanding its molecular pathogenesis is pivotal to managing this disease. Sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra (SWATH-MS) is an optimal proteomic strategy to seek crucial proteins involved in HCC development and progression. In this study, a quantitative proteomic study of tumour and adjacent non-tumour liver tissues was performed using a SWATH-MS strategy. In total, 4,216 proteins were reliably quantified, and 338 were differentially expressed, with 191 proteins up-regulated and 147 down-regulated in HCC tissues compared with adjacent non-tumourous tissues...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374027/the-reaction-mechanism-of-sarcosine-oxidase-elucidated-using-fmo-and-qm-mm-methods
#17
Yukihiro Abe, Mitsuo Shoji, Yoshiaki Nishiya, Hiroshi Aiba, Takahide Kishimoto, Kazuo Kitaura
Monomeric sarcosine oxidase (MSOX) is a flavoprotein that oxidizes sarcosine to the corresponding imine product and is widely used in clinical diagnostics to test renal function. In the past decade, several experimental studies have been performed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of this oxidation reaction. However, the details of the molecular mechanism remain unknown. In this study, we theoretically examined three possible reaction mechanisms, namely, the single-electron transfer, hydride-transfer, and polar mechanisms, using the fragment molecular orbital (FMO) and mixed quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) methods...
April 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347413/on-how-hydrogen-bonds-affect-foam-stability
#18
REVIEW
Cosima Stubenrauch, Martin Hamann, Natalie Preisig, Vinay Chauhan, Romain Bordes
Do intermolecular H-bonds between surfactant head groups play a role for foam stability? From the literature on the foam stability of various surfactants with C12 alkyl chains but different head groups a clear picture emerges: stable foams are only generated when hydrogen bonds can form between the head groups, i.e. when the polar head group has a hydrogen bond donor and a proton acceptor. Stable foams can therefore be generated with surfactants having a sugar unit, a glycine, an amine oxide (at pH~5), or a carboxylic acid (at pH~pKa) as polar head group...
February 8, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341134/metabolic-changes-in-droplet-vitrified-semen-of-wild-endangered-persian-sturgeon-acipenser-persicus-borodin-1997
#19
Amirreza Abed-Elmdoust, Hamid Farahmand, Bagher Mojazi-Amiri, Gholamreza Rafiee, Ruhollah Rahimi
Comparative quantitative metabolite profiling can be used for better understanding of cell functions and dysfunctions in particular circumstances such as sperm banking which is an important approach for cryopreservation of endangered species. Cryopreservation techniques have some deleterious effects on spermatozoa which put the obtained results in controversy. Therefore, in the present study, quantitative (1)H NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) based metabolite profiling was conducted to evaluate metabolite changes related to energetics and some other detected metabolites in vitrified semen of critically endangered wild Acipenser persicus...
March 21, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340776/amperometric-indicator-displacement-assay-for-biomarker-monitoring-indirectly-sensing-strategy-for-electrochemically-inactive-sarcosine
#20
Zhonghua Xue, Hui Wang, Honghong Rao, Nan He, Xiaofen Wang, Xiuhui Liu, Xiaoquan Lu
Indicator displacement assay plays a fundamental role in the development of chemosensors. We explored here an ingenious yet effective strategy for amperometric assay of electrochemically inactive sarcosine based on an indicator displacement principle, in which 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulphonic acid sodium salt (NQS) was proposed as the receptor and the electroactive Ru(NH3)6(3+) cations used as an indicator. Due to the stronger binding affinity of the NQS toward sarcosine than toward Ru(NH3)6(3+), the developed amperometric indicator displacement assay (A-IDA) exhibits high selectivity and excellent sensitivity toward sarcosine determination as well as with a lower detection limit (30...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
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