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Mihri Amasyalı, Fidan Alakuş Sabuncuoğlu, Uğur Oflaz
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the miniscrew-supported, modified Hyrax appliance on bilateral distalization of posterior teeth. A 15-year-old girl with Class II malocclusion (end-to-end molar relationships, space deficiency for maxillary canine) underwent orthodontic treatment. The patient rejected tooth extraction. Then, she was treated with the miniscrew-supported, modified Hyrax appliance. An activation of 1 mm per month was planned. Lateral cephalometric views were used to evaluate distal movement...
March 2018: Turkish journal of orthodontics
Neetha Santosh, Kristin K McNamara, John R Kalmar, O Hans Iwenofu
Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is an uncommon locally invasive epithelial odontogenic tumor of the jaws associated with amyloid production. Intraosseous presentations are most common and they frequently occur in the posterior mandible. A non-calcifying Langerhans cell-rich variant of CEOT (NCLC CEOT) has been described with predilection for the anterior maxilla. Interestingly, all reported cases of NCLC CEOT have occurred in Asian population. We present a case of a 43-year old Caucasian female with a large radiolucent lesion involving the left anterior maxilla with histologic features of NCLC CEOT...
August 14, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Lukasz Szarpak, Jerzy R Ladny, Marek Dabrowski, Michael Ladny, Jacek Smereka, Sanchit Ahuja, Kurt Ruetzler
BACKGROUND: Obtaining intravascular access can be challenging or even impossible in several clinical situations. As an alternative, medications and fluids can be administered via the intraosseous (IO) route, which is a well-tolerated and established alternative, especially in the emergency setting. METHODS: Seventy-five novice physicians participated in this randomized simulation study. After a single educational session and 6 months without any clinical application, participants were asked to identify the correct puncture site and obtain IO access using 3 widely used mechanical devices (BIG Pediatric, Arrow EZ-IO, NIO Pediatric) and a manual device (Jamshidi needle) on a pediatric manikin and turkey bone, respectively...
August 13, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jonathan G Eastman, Milton L Chip Routt
The superior ramus is an irregularly shaped, undulating, and curvilinear osseous structure that can provide an osseous conduit for intramedullary screws. A wide spectrum of variability between the curve and obliquity of the superior ramus osseous fixation pathway (OFP) exists in both the anteroposterior and the coronal planes. A detailed understanding of the osseous topography and how it correlates with fluoroscopic imaging is mandatory. Obtaining the correct intraoperative inlet and combined obturator oblique-outlet fluoroscopic views specific to each patient's anatomy is necessary for safe implant insertion...
September 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Ahmed Z Abdelkarim, Shaimaa M Abu El Sadat, Milda Chmieliauskaite, Ali Z Syed
Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is a benign non-neoplastic, proliferative intraosseous lesion of the jaw with an unknown etiology often diagnosed during the first two decades of life. The true nature of this lesion is controversial and remains elusive. Here, we report a case of central giant cell granuloma, diagnosed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A 21-year-old female presented to the clinic complaining of a painless swelling involving the right side of the mandible that had started one year previously...
June 5, 2018: Curēus
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Introduction: Mandibular continuity defects after pathologic resections or traumatic events are difficult cases for reconstruction. Defects involving both hard and soft tissue loss are more challenging, because of problems in soft tissue coverage. The role of the submental flap in this regard is presented. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective study from the archived files of Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran between 2007-2016, lateral mandibular defects that were managed with submental flap for soft tissue coverage were selected...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Xue Cai, Xiao-Yan Wang, Filippo Santarcangelo, G John Schoeffel, Brian E Bergeron, Franklin R Tay, Li-Na Niu
INTRODUCTION: The present study examined the effects of irrigant flow rate and simulated intraosseous sinusoidal pressure on the rate of NaOCl extrusion from the apical terminus of a faux root canal. METHODS: An extrusion setup was designed to enable irrigant extrusion to be opposed by 30 mm Hg simulated intraosseous pressure. The faux canal apex was opposed by atmospheric + 30 mm Hg pressure (experimental) or atmospheric pressure only (control group). Using five irrigant delivery rates (15...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Theodore T Redman, Elliot M Ross
BACKGROUND: Cadaver training for prehospital surgical procedures is a valid training model. The limitation to date has been that perfused cadavers have only been used in wet laboratories in hospitals or university centers. We endeavor to describe a transportable central-perfused cadaver model suitable for training in the battlefield environment. Goals of design were to create a simple, easily reproducible, and realistic model to simulate procedures in field and austere conditions. METHODS: We conducted a review of the published literature on cadaver models, conducted virtual-reality simulator training, performed interviews with subject matter experts, and visited the laboratories at the Centre for Emergency Health Sciences in Spring Branch, TX, the Basic Endovascular Skills in Trauma laboratory in Baltimore, MD, and the Fresh Tissue Dissection Laboratory at Los Angeles County and University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
V Krenn, S Müller, V T Krenn, H Hempfling
BACKGROUND: Aseptic osteonecrosis is characterized by a complete death of the tissue (necrosis), more specifically, an ischemic necrosis of the lamellar bone tissue. The denotation aseptic refers to causal pathogenesis; therefore, it is not a matter of an infectious, septic-induced bone necrosis as in the case of acute infectious osteomyelitis. Formal pathogenesis leads to either (1) a hypoperfusion of the lamellar bone in the sense of an ischemic necrosis or (2) to directly induced damage of osteocytes and osteoblasts, which causes aseptic osteonecrosis...
July 30, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Sunlong Li, Chao Sun, Xijie Zhou, Jialu Shi, Tao Han, Hede Yan
PURPOSE: Intraosseous ganglion cyst (IGC) is a rare disease, particularly in lunate. The objective of this study was to summarize current knowledge on the treatment of IGC of the lunate, through a literature review, to provide a therapeutic strategy for this rare disease. METHODS: The PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Science Direct database were searched with a set of predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Manual searches for references were performed to find potential relevant studies...
July 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Michael Beverly, David Murray
BACKGROUND: Although a raised intraosseous pressure (IOP) has been found in osteoarthritis and osteonecrosis, the normal physiology of subchondral circulation is poorly understood. We developed an animal model and explored the physiology of normal subchondral perfusion and IOP. METHODS: In 21 anaesthetised rabbits, 44 intraosseous needles were placed in the subchondral bone of the femoral head (n = 6), femoral condyle (n = 7) or proximal tibia (n = 31)...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Juan E Small, Pauley Chea, Nehal Shah, Kirstin M Small
Emphysematous osteomyelitis (EO) is a rare, aggressive, and potentially fatal variant of osteomyelitis related to gas-forming organisms. Imaging plays a vital role in diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to describe a novel and distinct imaging sign of EO, by analysis of the imaging characteristics of 3 newly identified cases of EO as well as all reported cases in the literature. Literature review and retrospective study in 2 tertiary care medical centers was conducted. During the course of clinical care over the last year, we have observed 2 cases of EO...
June 1, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
R R Warne, O M Carney, G Wang, D Bhattacharya, W K Chong, S E Aylett, K Mankad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has been hypothesized that skull marrow signal alteration may represent an early disease manifestation of Sturge-Weber syndrome before development of its intracranial manifestations. We alternatively hypothesized that intraosseous changes are associated with the overlying port-wine stain rather than the intracranial stigmata of Sturge-Weber syndrome and hence are not a predictor of brain involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging of children presenting with port-wine stain and/or Sturge-Weber syndrome between 1998 and 2017 was evaluated by 2 pediatric neuroradiologists for marrow signal abnormality and pial angioma and other Sturge-Weber syndrome features: ocular hemangioma, atrophy, and white matter changes (advanced myelination)...
July 19, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
T T Lin, Y J He, L M Zhu
Objective: To summarize the treatment outcomes of embolizing orbital vascular malformation with intracavitary injection of medical glue during surgery. Methods: A retrospective case series study was performed on 25 patients with orbital vascular malformation who were treated at Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital during March 2008 and March 2016. In the 25 patients(25 eyes), 7 were male and 18 were female. The range of age was 2-64 years and the median age was 29 years. The clinical features, operation records, pathological reports and follow-up data were analyzed...
July 11, 2018: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Ashim Kumar Lahiri, Geoffrey Chilvers
The intradiploic arachnoid cysts are rare radiological entities which are generally post-traumatic in nature and occur mostly in occipital region. We present a rare case of non-traumatic, asymptomatic intradiploic cyst of the greater wing of sphenoid in an elderly patient. The CT and MR imaging confirmed an intraosseous multiloculated cystic lesion which showed communication with the cerebrospinal fluid in anterior temporal fossa, through the small bony defects.
June 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Bora Başaran, Can Doruk, Eren Yılmaz, Ecem Sünnetçioğlu, Bilge Bilgiç
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common malignant tumor of the salivary glands and is seen most commonly in the parotid gland. Intraosseous MECs can be rarely seen and is mostly detected in the posterior part of the mandible. This condition can be acknowledged as an entity different from salivary gland MECs. In this case series, we delineated three patients of intraosseous MEC, two mandible tumors and one maxillary tumor and discussed the diagnostic characteristics and treatment methods of this rare entity...
March 2018: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Marina Rolo Pinheiro da Rosa, Juliana Lopes de Sá, Valber Barbosa Martins, Marcelo Vinícius de Oliveira
Central giant cells lesion (CGCL) is defined as a benign intraosseous destructive pathology. It is classified as aggressive or nonaggressive, depending on their clinical, imaginologic, and histological behavior. The behavior, location, and extension of the lesion added to the patient's age will determine the choice of the treatment, either surgical or clinical. Thereby, the aim of this work is to review the literature related to the CGCL, as well as to present a clinical case report of a 22-year-old female patient, affected with an injury on the left side of her jaw...
April 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Rafal Pokrowiecki
Along with the development of nanotechnological strategies for biomaterials associated with the prevention of infections, a myriad of clinically unproven techniques have been described to date. In this work, the aim was to perform a critical analysis of the literature available concerning antibacterial biomaterials for oral implantology and to provide a practical derivation for such a purpose. As anti-adhesive strategies may affect osseointegration, they should no longer be recommended for inclusion in this class of biomaterials, despite promising results in biomedical engineering for other, non-bone load bearing organs...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Matthew Steffes, Samantha Tayne, Feroz Osmani, Gary Edwards, Kyle MacGillis, Walter Kim, Benjamin Goldberg
Triceps tendon rupture is an uncommon yet potentially devastating injury affecting patients over a broad demographic. Surgical treatment is essential to restore upper extremity functional status, and a vast array of techniques has been implemented with different fixation devices including suture buttons, intraosseous anchors, and suture repairs. Outcomes of distal triceps tendon repair have demonstrated nearly full return of functional capacity. Complications include infection, ulnar nerve neuropathy, arthrofibrosis, flexion contracture, hardware irritation, and most commonly, repair failure...
June 30, 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Marc Anton Fuessinger, Pit Voss, Marc Christian Metzger, Claudia Zegpi, Wiebke Semper-Hogg
Malignant lymphomas are about 5% of all malignant tumors. Extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are found in 26% of these cases. Lymphomas of the head-and-neck area occur in 2%-3% of all malignancies, with 28% with an extranodal manifestation. Extranodal NHLs in the oral cavity are usually found in the maxilla, and rarely in the mandible. Their symptoms and clinical manifestation have no pathognomonic features; therefore, the expression of this uncommon entity can be diagnosed with an odontogenic inflammatory process, leading to a misdiagnosis...
January 2018: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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