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"Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation" OR "CPR"

Peng Yue, Zhiyong Zhu, Yongli Wang, Yimin Xu, Jia Li, Karen V Lamb, Yahong Xu, Ying Wu
AIMS: To explore the motivation of family members of patients at high risk for sudden cardiac death for undertaking cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. BACKGROUND: Home cardiac arrests are associated with poor outcomes because few family members learn CPR. Little is known about factors that motivate family members to participate in CPR training. DESIGN: We used grounded theory to establish a theoretical framework to explore the motivational factors for learning CPR among family members...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Roberto Lorusso, Alain Cariou, Hans Flaatten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
Joseph K Maddry, Eric M Ball, Daniel B Cox, Kathleen M Flarity, Vikhyat S Bebarta
Introduction: The U.S. Air Force utilizes specialized Critical Care Air Transport Teams (CCATT) for transporting "stabilized" patients. Given the drawdown of military forces from various areas of operation, recent CCATT operations have increasingly involved the evacuation of unstable and incompletely resuscitated patients from far forward, austere locations. This brief report describes unique cases representative of the evolving CCATT mission and provides future direction for changes in doctrine and educational requirements in preparation for en route combat casualty care...
December 7, 2018: Military Medicine
Mukul C Kapoor, Syed Moied Ahmed, Rakesh Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Akhilesh Pahade, Rajiv Chawla, Shagun B Shah, A K Bhargava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Ricardo L Cordioli, Domenico L Grieco, Emmanuel Charbonney, Jean-Christophe Richard, Dominique Savary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the setting of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), classical physiological concept about ventilation become challenging. Ventilation may exert detrimental hemodynamic effects that must be balanced with its expected benefits. The risks of hyperventilation have been thoroughly addressed, even questioning the need for ventilation, emphasizing the need to prioritize chest compression quality. However, ventilation is mandatory for adequate gas exchange as soon as CPR is prolonged...
December 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Karen Cohen, Annemie Stewart, Andre P Kengne, Rory Leisegang, Marla Coetsee, Shavani Maharaj, Liezl Dunn, Michael Hislop, Gert van Zyl, Graeme Meintjes, Gary Maartens
BACKGROUND: Most adults with virological failure on second-line ART in resource limited settings have no major protease inhibitor (PI) resistance mutations. Therefore, empiric switches to third-line ART would waste resources. Genotypic antiretroviral resistance testing (GART) is expensive and has limited availability. A clinical prediction rule (CPR) for PI resistance could rationalise access to GART. SETTING: A private sector ART cohort, South Africa. METHODS: We identified adults with virologic failure on ritonavir-boosted lopinavir/atazanavir-based ART and GART...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Yong Hoon Kim, Ae-Young Her, Myung Ho Jeong, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Seung-Yul Lee, Sung-Jin Hong, Dong-Ho Shin, Jung-Sun Kim, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We compared the clinical impact of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI) on long-term clinical outcomes between ST-segment elevation (STEMI) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug eluting stents (DES) because of the paucity of published data. METHODS: A total of 24,960 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who underwent PCI with DES and were prescribed the RASI were enrolled and divided into two groups, the STEMI group (n = 14,061) and the NSTEMI group (n = 10,899)...
November 27, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Susana Navalpotro-Pascual, Ángeles Blanco-Blanco, Juan Carlos Torre-Puente
AIM: To gain a deeper knowledge of the phenomenon of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by capturing the meanings that professionals attach to the behaviour of reanimation and its relationship with Social Cognitive Theory. METHOD: Qualitative research from a phenomenological approach focussing on field work with a focus group of professionals from Madrid (doctors, nurses and technicians), as well as a previous study. After the transcription of the data, it was coded, categories were formed and it was grouped into dimensions, interpreting the data according to the Social Cognitive Theory...
December 7, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
Rutsuko Yamaguchi, Yohsuke Makino, Go Inokuchi, Shinya Hattori, Fumiko Chiba, Suguru Torimitsu, Naoki Saito, Takashi Kishimoto, Hirotaro Iwase
A 5-year-old boy with a chromosome-9 abnormality and multiple external and visceral malformations was found in cardiopulmonary arrest during a regular visit to the hospital; he did not respond to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and died. An odontoid process fracture and calcification and fibrosis of the muscles around the superior cervical vertebra were observed during the autopsy. Postmortem computed tomography revealed an anterior dislocation of the atlas; odontoid synchondrosis fracture; and delayed, incomplete bony fusion of the odontoid process relative to his age...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Ahmed Alanwar, Ayman Abou El Nour, Mohamed El Mandooh, Ibrahim A Abdelazim, Luma Abbas, Ahmed M Abbas, Ameer Abdallah, Wael S Nossair, Shikanova Svetlana
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to assess the efficacy of fetal middle cerebral artery/umbilical artery pulsatility index ratio (cerebroplacental ratio CPR) in predicting the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated with severe pre-eclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study included 100 pregnant women between 34 and 40 weeks of gestation attended the labor ward and diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia. Doppler evaluation was carried out to measure the CPR...
October 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Dóra Ujvárosy, Veronika Sebestyén, Tamás Pataki, Tamás Ötvös, István Lőrincz, György Paragh, Zoltán Szabó
BACKGROUND: Chest compression is a decisive element of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). By applying a mechanical CPR device, compression interruptions can be minimised. We examined the efficiency of manual and device-assisted resuscitation as well as the effects of cardiovascular risk factors on the outcome of resuscitation. METHODS: In our retrospective, randomised 3-year study the data of adult patients suffering non-traumatic, out-of-hospital, sudden cardiac death (SCD) were analysed (n = 287)...
December 7, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
John Ea Shenouda, Pradeep R Madhivathanan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Brian Grunau, Joel Singer, Terry Lee, Frank X Scheuermeyer, Ron Straight, Robert Schlamp, Robert Wand, William F Dick, Helen Connolly, Sarah Pennington, Jim Christenson
Objective The "Trial of Continuous (CCC) or Interrupted Chest Compressions (ICC) during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)" compared two CPR strategies for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Although results were neutral, there was suggestion of benefit for ICC. However, nearly 50% of study patients had a protocol violation; regional variations may have played a role in protocol adherence and outcomes. We analyzed our British Colombia (BC) cohort to decide whether a protocol change from CCC to ICC was justified...
September 29, 2018: Curēus
Guangjun Jiang, Guoqing Huang, Xiangmin Li, Zhengbin Yao, Yongxiang Tang, Yuhang Ai
To investigate the changes of myocardial glucose metabolism in rabbit cardiac arrest models and the effect of hydrogen intervention by 18F-fluroro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.
 Methods: Fifteen male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into a hydrogen group (n=6), a control group (n=6) and a sham group (n=3). Cardiac arrest (CA) was induced by intravenous injection of potassium chloride. Conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was initiated after five-minutes CA...
October 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Daniel K Partain, Justin J Sanders, Richard E Leiter, Elise C Carey, Jacob J Strand
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the end-of-life care of all international patients who died at a global destination medical center from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all adult international patients who died at a global destination medical center from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2015. RESULTS: Eighty-two international patients from 25 countries and 5 continents died during the study period (median age, 59...
December 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Joan Kelly, Carrie Ritchie, Michele Sterling
BACKGROUND: A prognostic clinical prediction rule (whiplash CPR) has been validated for use in individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD). The clinical utility of this tool is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate: 1) the level of agreement between physiotherapist- and whiplash CPR-determined prognostic risk classification of people with acute WAD; 2) which clinical findings are used by physiotherapists to classify prognostic risk; and 3) whether physiotherapists plan to differ the number of treatment sessions provided based on prognostic risk classification...
November 19, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
G F Yan, X D Cai, C B Zhou, X Y Hong, Y Wang, C M Zhang, Z H Yang, Y C Zhang, Y Cui, Y Q Cui, Y B Cheng, S Y Qian, P F Zhang, Y P Jin, X D Zhu, H Gao, Z P Li, X L Lu, H J Miao, Q Y Zhang, Y M Li, W G Yang, C Y Liu, B Li, Y Li, Z J Bo, J P Chu, X Wang, G P Lu
Objective: To survey the conduction and evaluate the effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in China mainland. Methods: In a questionnaire-based survey, we retrospectively reviewed the application of ECMO in children's hospital and general hospital in China mainland to summarize and analyze the categories of diseases and prognosis of children treated with ECMO therapy. Results: By December 31, 2017, a total of 23 hospitals using ECMO, including 22 tertiary referral hospitals and 1 secondary hospital, among which 16 were children's hospitals and 7 were general hospitals...
December 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Samer Tannus, Yoni Cohen, Sara Henderson, Na'ama Al Ma'mari, Tal Shavit, Weon-Young Son, Michael H Dahan
STUDY QUESTION: In IVF cycles in which the entire embryo cohort is slow growing, is it optimal to perform fresh transfer in Day 5 or to extend the culture and transfer in subsequent vitrified-warmed cycles? SUMMARY ANSWER: The outcomes depend on the degree of embryo development on Day 5. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Slow-growing blastocysts have lower implantation potential when transferred in fresh cycles. It has been suggested that embryo-endometrial asynchrony could explain this finding...
December 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
Elizabeth R Hammond, Dean E Morbeck
STUDY QUESTION: Can embryology key performance indicators (KPIs) detect shifts in laboratory performance that precede changes in clinical outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Day 5 usable blastocyst rate (D5BUR) is an important embryology KPI that complements total usable blastocyst rate (TBUR) in its ability to rapidly identify adverse embryology outcomes, prior to changes in clinical outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The hypothesis that monitoring performance of an IVF laboratory using statistical process controls (SPCs) can act as an early warning signal of shifts in laboratory conditions is a hypothesis that requires validation...
December 4, 2018: Human Reproduction
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