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Influenza 2017-18

L Zhu, W H Li, X H Wang, K Tan, Q F Fang, Q X Zhu, K K Wu, Q Z Yang, A W Lin, H L Deng, J Bi, J Liu, S Y Zhao, Y Liu, S J Jing, Y M Wang, L M Li, Q Zhao, K H Yao, X Wang, L Jia, F Wang, J K Deng, J Sun, C H Zhu, K Zhou, J Liang, X Z Nie, S C Cao, D M Wang, S J Li, X X Chen, J Li, Y Wang, L Ye, Y H Zhang, F Dong, Z Li, Y H Yang, G Liu
Objective: To explore the clinical features, the serotype distribution and drug resistance of the isolates in patient with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). Methods: By retrieving the laboratory information system in 18 children's hospitals from 2012 to 2017, the children with IPD were enrolled. Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) must be isolated from the sterile sites (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, hydrothorax and joint effusion etc.). The clinical characteristics, serotype, drug resistance, treatment and prognosis were reviewed and analyzed...
December 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Kristen B Stolka, Bonaventure Fuamba Ngoyi, Kathyrn E L Grimes, Jennifer J Hemingway-Foday, Leopold Lubula, Alain Nzanzu Magazani, Joseph Bikuku, Mathias Mossoko, Leonie Manya Kitoto, Sylvie Mpangi Bashilebo, Dieudonné Lufwa Maya, Benoit Kebela Ilunga, Sarah Rhea, Pia D M MacDonald
High-functioning communicable disease surveillance systems are critical for public health preparedness. Countries that cannot quickly detect and contain diseases are a risk to the global community. The ability of all countries to comply with the International Health Regulations is paramount for global health security. Zoonotic diseases can be particularly dangerous for humans. We conducted a surveillance system assessment of institutional and individual capacity in Kinshasa and Haut Katanga provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo for nationally identified priority zoonotic diseases (eg, viral hemorrhagic fever [VHF], yellow fever, rabies, monkeypox, and influenza monitored through acute respiratory infections)...
2018: Health Security
Y H Wan, L Zhuang, Q N Zheng, L J Ren, L Fu, W J Jiang, G P Tang, D Z Zhang, S J Li
Objective: To understand the molecular characteristics of hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) as well as the disease risk of influenza virus A H7N9 in Guizhou province. Methods: RNAs were extracted and sequenced from HA and NA genes of H7N9 virus strains obtained from 18 cases of human infection with H7N9 virus and 6 environmental swabs in Guizhou province during 2014-2017. Then the variation and the genetic evolution of the virus were analyzed by using a series of bioinformatics software package. Results: Homology analysis of HA and NA genes revealed that 2 strains detected during 2014-2015 shared 98...
November 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Claas Baier, Christin Linderkamp, Andreas Beilken, Felicitas Thol, Michael Heuser, Ella Ebadi, Tina Ganzenmueller, Albert Heim, Franz-Christoph Bange
Introduction: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza virus infections are a significant healthcare risk for immunocompromised patients. In addition to community onset, nosocomial acquisition and transmission may also occur. Detection of asymptomatic shedders (e.g., patients in the incubation period or immunosuppressed long term shedders) facilitates control of nosocomial transmission. Methods: To strengthen the existing infection control concept, a PCR-based screening for RSV and influenza virus was implemented for all patients lacking respiratory symptoms (asymptomatic patients) who were hospitalized on an adult and a pediatric hemato-oncological ward...
2018: GMS Hygiene and Infection Control
Monique M Duwell, David Blythe, Michael W Radebaugh, Erin M Kough, Brian Bachaus, David A Crum, Keith A Perkins, Lenee Blanton, C Todd Davis, Yunho Jang, Amy Vincent, Jennifer Chang, Dianna E Abney, Lisa Gudmundson, Meenakshi G Brewster, Larry Polsky, David C Rose, Katherine A Feldman
On September 17, 2017, the Maryland Department of Agriculture (MDA) was notified by fair and 4-H officials of ill swine at agricultural fair A, held September 14-17. That day, investigation of the 107 swine at fair A revealed five swine with fever and signs of upper respiratory tract illness. All five respiratory specimens collected from these swine tested positive for influenza A virus at the MDA Animal Health Laboratory, and influenza A(H3N2) virus was confirmed in all specimens by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL)...
October 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Jie Wu, Changwen Ke, Eric H Y Lau, Yingchao Song, Kit Ling Cheng, Lirong Zou, Min Kang, Tie Song, Malik Peiris, Hui-Ling Yen
We compared the detection frequency of avian influenza H7 subtypes at live poultry markets in Guangdong Province, China, before and after the introduction of a bivalent H5/H7 vaccine in poultry. The vaccine was associated with a 92% reduction in H7 positivity rates among poultry and a 98% reduction in human H7N9 cases.
January 17, 2019: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Rainer Gosert, Klaudia Naegele, Hans H Hirsch
Influenzavirus and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) detection with short turn-around-time (TAT) is pivotal for rapid decisions regarding treatment and infection control. However, negative rapid testing results may come from poor assay sensitivity or from influenza-like illnesses caused by other community-acquired respiratory viruses (CARVs). We prospectively compared the performance of Cobas Liat Influenza A/B & RSV assay (LIAT) with our routine multiplexNAT-1 (xTAG Respiratory Pathogen Panel, Luminex) and multiplexNAT-2 (ePlex-RPP; GenMark) using 194 consecutive nasopharyngeal swabs from patients with influenza-like illness during winter 2017/18...
October 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Panying Wei, Tao Zhang, Hong Dong, Qiaohong Chen, Xiang Mu, Ge Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Qiang Wang, Na Yue, Mengyun Zheng, Donglei Wang, Chunxiao Duan, Xiaoge Yu, Xuefeng Zhang, Changjun Bao, Hui Jin
INTRODUCTION: The best way to prevent influenza is receiving vaccination. However, the influenza vaccination coverage in mainland China was low. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the vaccination rates of the population and the factors influencing influenza vaccination in mainland China. METHODS: A systematic study was conducted on March 18, 2018, using Chinese language databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, WanFang Database, and English language databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library...
October 16, 2018: Vaccine
Tammy A Santibanez, Katherine E Kahn, Carolyn B Bridges
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of children whose parents prefer them to receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) or inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV), examine reasons for preferences, and determine what percentage of vaccinated children receive other than the preferred type of vaccine and why. METHODS: Parental-reported data for the 2014-15 and 2015-16 influenza seasons from the National Immunization Survey-Flu (NIS-Flu), a random-digit-dialed, dual frame (landline and cellular telephone) survey of households with children, were analyzed...
October 16, 2018: Vaccine
Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Thomas L Snelling, Rachel West, Jurissa Lang, Tasmina Rahman, Caitlyn Granland, Camilla de Gier, Meredith L Borland, Ruth B Thornton, Lea-Ann S Kirkham, Chisha Sikazwe, Andrew C Martin, Peter C Richmond, David W Smith, Adam Jaffe, Christopher C Blyth
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory pathogens associated with childhood pneumonia are often detected in the upper respiratory tract of healthy children, making their contribution to pneumonia difficult to determine. We aimed to determine the contribution of common pathogens to pneumonia adjusting for rates of asymptomatic detection to inform future diagnosis, treatment and preventive strategies. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among children <18 years in Perth, Western Australia...
October 18, 2018: Thorax
Ho Yeh Li, Pedro Vitale Mendes, Livia Maria Garcia Melro, Daniel Joelsons, Bruno Adler Maccagnan Pinheiro Besen, Eduardo Leite Viera Costa, Adriana Sayuri Hirota, Edzangela Vasconcelos Santos Barbosa, Flavia Krepel Foronda, Luciano Cesar Pontes Azevedo, Thiago Gomes Romano, Marcelo Park
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the transport of severely ill patients with extracorporeal respiratory or cardiovascular support. METHODS: A series of 18 patients in the state of São Paulo, Brazil is described. All patients were consecutively evaluated by a multidisciplinary team at the hospital of origin. The patients were rescued, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was provided on site. The patients were then transported to referral hospitals for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support...
July 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Helio S Sader, Robert K Flamm, Jennifer M Streit, Cecilia G Carvalhaes, Rodrigo E Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potency and spectrum of ceftaroline and comparator agents tested against contemporary bacteria isolated from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) in Europe (EUR), Asia-Pacific (APAC), and Latin America (LATAM). METHODS: A total of 4321 bacterial isolates were collected consecutively by the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program in 2015-2017 from 65 medical centers located in Western Europe (W-EUR; 21 centers in 10 nations), Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean region (E-EUR; 15 centers in 11 nations), APAC (18 centers in nine nations), and LATAM (11 centers in nine nations)...
December 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Danuta M Skowronski, Catharine Chambers, Gaston De Serres, Suzana Sabaiduc, Anne-Luise Winter, James A Dickinson, Jonathan B Gubbay, Steven J Drews, Kevin Fonseca, Hugues Charest, Christine Martineau, Rebecca Hickman, Tracy Chan, Agatha Jassem, Martin Petric, Caren Rose, Nathalie Bastien, Yan Li, Mel Krajden
Vaccine effectiveness (VE) against influenza B was derived separately for Victoria and Yamagata lineages across eight seasons (2010-11 to 2017-18) in Canada when trivalent influenza vaccine was predominantly used. VE was ≥50% regardless of lineage match to circulating viruses, except when the vaccine strain was unchanged from the prior season.
October 11, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Katherine E Kahn, Carla L Black, Helen Ding, Walter W Williams, Peng-Jun Lu, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Fiona Havers, Denise V D'Angelo, Sarah Ball, Rebecca V Fink, Rebecca Devlin
Vaccinating pregnant women with influenza and tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines can reduce the risk for influenza and pertussis for themselves and their infants. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all women who are or might be pregnant during the influenza season receive influenza vaccine, which can be administered any time during pregnancy (1). The ACIP also recommends that women receive Tdap during each pregnancy, preferably from 27 through 36 weeks' gestation (2)...
September 28, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Carla L Black, Xin Yue, Sarah W Ball, Rebecca V Fink, Marie A de Perio, A Scott Laney, Walter W Williams, Samuel B Graitcer, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Peng-Jun Lu, Rebecca Devlin
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that all health care personnel receive an annual influenza vaccination to reduce influenza-related morbidity and mortality among health care personnel and their patients and to reduce absenteeism among health care personnel (1-4). CDC conducted an opt-in Internet panel survey of 2,265 U.S. health care personnel to estimate influenza vaccination coverage among these persons during the 2017-18 influenza season. Overall, 78.4% of health care personnel reported receiving influenza vaccination during the 2017-18 season, similar to reported coverage in the previous four influenza seasons (5)...
September 28, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Ahmed R Alsuwaidi, Alia M Alkalbani, Afaf Alblooshi, Junu George, Ghaya Albadi, Salwa M Kamal, Hassib Narchi, Abdul-Kader Souid
Introduction: Respiratory infections have significant effects on childhood asthma. Viral respiratory infections, such as rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus are likely to be important in the development and exacerbation of asthma. In this study, we investigated the nasopharyngeal colonization in children with asthma to determine the prevalence of pathogens and their contribution to respiratory symptoms and airway resistance during winter. Methods: From December 2016 to March 2017, 50 nasopharyngeal specimens were collected from 18 patients (age, 5...
2018: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
Fatimah S Dawood, Danielle Hunt, Archana Patel, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Yeny Tinoco, Kunal Kurhe, Giselle Soto, Danielle Hombroek, Shikha Garg, Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Oswaldo Gonzales, Savita Bhargav, Mark G Thompson, Bajaree Chotpitayasunondh, Richard Florian, Amber Prakash, Sofia Arriola, Louis Macareo, Prabir Das, Santiago Cabrera, Sayda La Rosa, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization identifies pregnant women as at high-risk for severe influenza, but influenza vaccines are underutilized among pregnant women. Data on influenza burden during pregnancy are largely limited to high-income countries and data on the impact of influenza on birth and perinatal outcomes are scarce. METHODS/DESIGN: This prospective, longitudinal cohort study of pregnant women in middle-income countries is designed to address three primary objectives: 1) to evaluate the effect of laboratory-confirmed influenza during pregnancy on pregnancy and perinatal outcomes; 2) to estimate the incidences of all-cause acute respiratory illness and laboratory-confirmed influenza during pregnancy; and 3) to examine the clinical spectrum of illness associated with influenza viruses...
September 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
Jung-Hoon Kwon, Sol Jeong, Dong-Hun Lee, David E Swayne, Yu-Jin Kim, Sun-Hak Lee, Jin-Yong Noh, Tseren-Ochir Erdene-Ochir, Jei-Hyun Jeong, Chang-Seon Song
We isolated new reassortant avian influenza A(H5N6) viruses from feces of wild waterfowl in South Korea during 2017-18. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that reassortment occurred between clade H5N8 and Eurasian low pathogenicity avian influenza viruses circulating in wild birds. Dissemination to South Korea during the 2017 fall migratory season followed.
October 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Diana Vilar-Compte, Daniel de-la-Rosa-Martinez, Samuel Ponce de León
BACKGROUND: Proper immunization and knowledge in infection prevention are key factors in protecting medical students. AIM OF THE STUDY: To describe the status on vaccination recommended for healthcare workers (HCW) and infection prevention knowledge. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on medical students at clinical years of medical school from a public University in Mexico. RESULTS: A total of 1,824 medical students responded the survey...
September 5, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
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