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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682835/longitudinal-examination-of-family-efficacy-following-pediatric-stem-cell-transplant
#1
Rachel Tillery, Naomi E Joffe, Constance A Mara, Stella M Davies, Ahna L H Pai
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric stem cell transplant (pSCT) is emotionally demanding for families. Yet, we know little of how the family unit responds to the adversity of pSCT within the first year after transplant. Family efficacy, an indicator of family resilience, is linked to positive parent, child, and family adjustment. Better understanding the factors that promote family efficacy during this difficult time could inform modifiable intervention targets and improve child and parent adjustment...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679193/etiology-of-stability-and-growth-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-across-childhood-and-adolescence
#2
Alexander S Hatoum, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Internalizing and externalizing behaviors are heritable, and show genetic stability during childhood and adolescence. Less work has explored how genes influence individual differences in developmental trajectories. We estimated ACE biometrical latent growth curve models for the Teacher Report Form (TRF) and parent Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) internalizing and externalizing scales from ages 7 to 16 years in 408 twin pairs from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study. We found that Intercept factors were highly heritable for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (a2 = ...
April 20, 2018: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629587/an-nihr-approved-two-year-observational-study-on-magnetically-controlled-growth-rods-in-the-treatment-of-early-onset-scoliosis
#3
C Nnadi, C Thakar, J Wilson-MacDonald, P Milner, A Rao, D Mayers, J Fairbank, T Subramanian
Aims The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the performance and safety of magnetically controlled growth rods in the treatment of early onset scoliosis. Secondary aims were to evaluate the clinical outcome, the rate of further surgery, the rate of complications, and the durability of correction. Patients and Methods We undertook an observational prospective cohort study of children with early onset scoliosis, who were recruited over a one-year period and followed up for a minimum of two years. Magnetically controlled rods were introduced in a standardized manner with distractions performed three-monthly thereafter...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629507/the-protecting-strong-african-american-families-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-rural-african-american-couples
#4
Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Ashley C Wells, Justin B Ingels, Phaedra S Corso, Megan C Sperr, Tracy N Anderson, Gene H Brody
This study presents results from a randomized controlled trial of the Protecting Strong African American Families (ProSAAF) program, a family-centered intervention designed to promote strong couple, coparenting, and parent-child relationships in two-parent African American families. A total of 346 African American couples with an early adolescent child participated; all families lived in rural, low-income communities in the southern USA. Intent-to-treat growth curve analyses involving three waves and spanning 17 months indicated that ProSAAF participants, compared with control participants, reported greater improvements in relationship communication, confidence, satisfaction, partner support, coparenting, and parenting...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603202/the-effects-of-a-couples-based-health-behavior-intervention-during-pregnancy-on-latino-couples-dyadic-satisfaction-postpartum
#5
Kristina Coop Gordon, Patricia N E Roberson, Jessica A Hughes, Alexander M Khaddouma, Geeta K Swamy, Devon Noonan, Alicia M Gonzalez, Laura Fish, Kathryn I Pollak
Many couples tend to report steadily decreasing relationship quality following the birth of a child. However, little is known about the postpartum period for Latino couples, a rapidly growing ethnic group who are notably underserved by mental and physical health caregivers in the United States. Thus, this study investigated whether a brief couples' intervention focused on helping couples support each other while increasing healthy behaviors might improve dyadic functioning postpartum. This study presents secondary analyses of data regarding couple functioning from a larger randomized controlled trial with 348 Latino couples to promote smoking cessation...
March 30, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562359/process-evaluation-of-the-nyu-caregiver-intervention-adult-child
#6
Joseph E Gaugler, Mark Reese, Mary S Mittelman
Purpose of the Study: A noted limitation of dementia caregiver intervention research is a lack of focus on the mechanisms of successful programs. The purpose of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of the New York University Caregiver Intervention-Adult Child (NYUCI-AC) to describe its delivery and determine which of its components were associated with key outcomes (caregiver stress and well-being; care recipient residential care admission). Design and Methods: Adult child caregivers randomly assigned to receive the NYUCI-AC intervention (n = 54) were included...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558905/novel-biomarker-based-model-for-the-prediction-of-sorafenib-response-and-overall-survival-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Hwi Young Kim, Dong Hyeon Lee, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Young Youn Cho, Eun Ju Cho, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim, Jung-Hwan Yoon
BACKGROUND: Prediction of the outcome of sorafenib therapy using biomarkers is an unmet clinical need in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim was to develop and validate a biomarker-based model for predicting sorafenib response and overall survival (OS). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 124 consecutive HCC patients (44 with disease control, 80 with progression) with Child-Pugh class A liver function, who received sorafenib...
March 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531565/evaluation-of-the-predictive-value-of-fetal-doppler-ultrasound-for-neonatal-outcome-from-the-36-th-week-of-pregnancy
#8
Zahra Laleh Eslamian, Elahe Zarean, Maryam Moshfeghi, Zahra Heidari
Background: Early prediction of adverse neonatal outcome would be possible by Doppler impedance indices of middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UmA), and descending aortal artery (AO) that result in decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was a determination of optimal value for the ratio of MCA to descending aorta blood flow (MCA/AO) impedance indices and its comparison with the ratio of MCA to UmA (MCA/UmA) impedance indices and their relationship with neonatal outcome...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517385/anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-in-women-and-men-from-early-pregnancy-to-30-months-postpartum
#9
Catarina Canário, Bárbara Figueiredo
AIMS: The aims of this study were to analyse the changes in anxiety and depression symptoms from early pregnancy to 30 months postpartum according to gender and parity. METHOD: 129 couples (N = 258) recruited from an obstetrics unit completed self-report measures of anxiety and depression at each pregnancy trimester, childbirth, 3 and 30 months postpartum. Using multilevel modelling, piecewise dyadic growth curve models were performed, assessing time, gender and parity as predictors of anxiety and depression symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516341/distance-delivered-parent-training-for-childhood-disruptive-behavior-strongest-families%C3%A2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-and-economic-analysis
#10
Janine V Olthuis, Patrick J McGrath, Charles E Cunningham, Michael H Boyle, Patricia Lingley-Pottie, Graham J Reid, Alexa Bagnell, Ellen L Lipman, Karen Turner, Penny Corkum, Sherry H Stewart, Patrick Berrigan, Kathy Sdao-Jarvie
Disruptive behavior disorders are prevalent in youth, yet most children with disruptive behavior do not have access to timely, effective treatment. Distance-delivered service (e.g., via telephone, Internet) can overcome several barriers to care. This study tested the effectiveness of a 12-week parent training program, Strongest Families™ Parenting the Active Child, delivered via written material, skill-based videos, and telephone coaching sessions, as compared to usual care in reducing child externalizing behavior...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500116/multilevel-linear-modelling-of-the-response-contingent-learning-of-young-children-with-significant-developmental-delays
#11
Melinda Raab, Carl J Dunst, Deborah W Hamby
AIM: The purpose of the study was to isolate the sources of variations in the rates of response-contingent learning among young children with multiple disabilities and significant developmental delays randomly assigned to contrasting types of early childhood intervention. METHOD: Multilevel, hierarchical linear growth curve modelling was used to analyze four different measures of child response-contingent learning where repeated child learning measures were nested within individual children (Level-1), children were nested within practitioners (Level-2), and practitioners were nested within the contrasting types of intervention (Level-3)...
February 27, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496129/effect-of-time-dependent-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-antidepressants-during-pregnancy-on-behavioral-emotional-and-social-development-in-preschool-aged-children
#12
Angela Lupattelli, Mollie Wood, Eivind Ystrom, Svetlana Skurtveit, Marte Handal, Hedvig Nordeng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on children's behavioral, emotional, and social development by age 5 years, and over time since age 1.5 years. METHOD: The prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study was linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. We included women who reported depressive/anxiety disorders before and/or during pregnancy. Children born to women who used SSRIs in early (weeks 0-16), mid- (weeks 17-28), or late (> week 29) pregnancy were compared to those who were unexposed...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488107/mapping-the-growth-of-heterogeneous-forms-of-externalizing-problem-behavior-between-early-childhood-and-adolescence-a-comparison-of-parent-and-teacher-ratings
#13
Sheryl L Olson, Pamela Davis-Kean, Meichu Chen, Jennifer E Lansford, John E Bates, Gregory S Pettit, Kenneth A Dodge
We compared long-term growth patterns in teachers' and mothers' ratings of Overt Aggression, Covert Aggression, Oppositional Defiance, Impulsivity/inattention, and Emotion Dysregulation across developmental periods spanning kindergarten through grade 8 (ages 5 to 13 years). We also determined whether salient background characteristics and measures of child temperament and parenting risk differentially predicted growth in discrete categories of child externalizing symptoms across development. Participants were 549 kindergarten-age children (51% male; 83% European American; 17% African American) whose problem behaviors were rated by teachers and parents each successive year of development through 8th grade...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463324/functions-of-turkish-evidentials-in-early-child-caregiver-interactions-a-growth-curve-analysis-of-longitudinal-data
#14
Berna A Uzundag, Süleyman S Taşçi, Aylin C Küntay, Ayhan Aksu-Koç
In languages with evidential marking, utterances consist of an informational content and a specification of the mode of access to that information. In this first longitudinal study investigating the acquisition of the Turkish evidential marker -mIş in naturalistic child-caregiver interactions, we examined six children between 8 and 36 months of age. We charted individual differences in child and caregiver speech over time by conducting growth curve analyses. Children followed a similar course of acquisition in terms of the proportion of the marker in overall speech...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456281/foster-home-integration-as-a-temporal-indicator-of-relational-well-being
#15
Jeffrey Waid, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen M McBeath, Lew Bank
This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Latent growth curve modeling procedures were employed to determine if child, family, and case characteristics influenced youth's home integration trajectories...
December 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430071/trajectories-of-problem-behaviors-from-4-to-23-years-in-former-preterm-infants
#16
Allie Scott, Suzy Barcelos Winchester, Mary C Sullivan
Premature infants have significant risk for later behavior problems. This study examined growth trajectories of three problem behaviors across five developmental age points from preschool to early adulthood in a well-characterized sample of premature infants. The effects of neonatal risk, gender, and socioeconomic context were modeled on these trajectories. The longitudinal sample was comprised of preterm infants (N = 160) with full variation of neonatal morbidity and birth weight (640-1950 grams). Trajectories of externalizing, internalizing and attention problem behaviors from 4 to 23 years, measured by the Child Behavior Checklist, were tested using latent growth curve modeling...
March 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424094/leg-length-sitting-height-and-body-proportions-references-for-achondroplasia-new-tools-for-monitoring-growth
#17
Mariana Del Pino, Rosario Ramos Mejía, Virginia Fano
Achondroplasia is the most common form of inherited disproportionate short stature. We report leg length, sitting height, and body proportion curves for achondroplasia. Seven centile format of sitting height, leg length, sitting height/leg length ratio, sitting height/height ratio, and head circumference/height ratio were estimated by the LMS method. The Q-test was applied to assess the goodness of fit. For comparison, centiles of sitting height and leg length were graphed using Argentine national growth references for achondroplasia and non-achondroplasia populations...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411861/the-first-seriatum-study-of-growth-by-r-e-scammon
#18
Elizabeth M Miller
Richard E. Scammon's article, "The First Seriatim Study of Human Growth," provided one of the best-known visuals in the field of human biology. Scammon resurrected longitudinal height data of one child from Buffon's Histoire Naturelle, converted them to metric, and plotted these measurements as a function of age. The result was the first graph of one individual's growth curve from birth to 18 years of age. This image was subsequently reproduced in numerous texts on human growth and biology. Published in 1927, Scammon's article provides a snapshot of the state of growth research at the time and gives a (literal) picture of the future of human biology...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392824/early-childhood-growth-and-cognitive-outcomes-findings-from-the-mal-ed-study
#19
Rebecca J Scharf, Elizabeth T Rogawski, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Angelina Maphula, Erling Svensen, Fahmida Tofail, Muneera Rasheed, Claudia Abreu, Angel Orbe Vasquez, Rita Shrestha, Laura Pendergast, Estomih Mduma, Beena Koshy, Mark R Conaway, James A Platts-Mills, Richard L Guerrant, Mark D DeBoer
Although many studies around the world hope to measure or improve developmental progress in children to promote community flourishing and productivity, growth is sometimes used as a surrogate because cognitive skills are more difficult to measure. Our objective was to assess how childhood measures of anthropometry correlate with measures of child development in low-income settings with high prevalence of poor nutrition and enteric disease, to inform studies considering growth outcomes in the absence of direct child developmental skill assessment...
February 2, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389719/results-of-casting-in-severe-curves-in-infantile-scoliosis
#20
Peter J Stasikelis, Ashley M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Previous work has demonstrated best results for casting in infantile scoliosis when the curves are small and the child begins casting under 2 years of age. This study examines if casting can delay the need for growth friendly instrumentation in severe curves (50 to 106 degrees) and how the comorbidities of syrinx or genetic syndromes affected outcomes. METHODS: All children undergoing casting for scoliosis at a single institution over an 8-year period were examined...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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