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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029215/child-sexual-abuse-and-depression-in-late-life-for-men-a-population-based-longitudinal-analysis
#1
Scott D Easton, Jooyoung Kong, Matt C Gregas, Ce Shen, Kevin Shafer
Objective: Research investigating long-term effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on mental health for men is vastly underdeveloped. This study strengthened the knowledge base by examining: (a) long-term trajectories of depressive symptoms for men with and without a history of CSA, and (b) moderating effects of social support over time. Method: We analyzed multiple waves of data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The sample (N = 2,451) consisted of men with histories of CSA and a stratified, randomly sampled comparison group...
September 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026474/using-growth-mixture-modeling-for-clustering-asian-and-north-african-countries-on-the-road-injury-death-trend-1990-2010
#2
Maryam Salari, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Farid Zayeri
OBJECTIVES: The physical injuries and financial implications as a result of road accidents have serious economic, cultural, and social effects. We conducted this study to determine any changes in the trend of road-accident-related deaths in Asian and North African countries from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: The current study was carried out using data from the Global Burden of Disease database. First, the process was assessed using the growth curve divided into six regions...
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956222/preventing-childhood-anxiety-disorders-is-an-applied-game-as-effective-as-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-program
#3
Elke A Schoneveld, Anna Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Isabela Granic
A large proportion of children experience subclinical levels of anxiety and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) aimed at preventing anxiety disorders is moderately effective. However, most at-risk children do not seek help or drop out of programs prematurely because of stigma, lack of motivation, and accessibility barriers. Applied games have received increased attention as viable alternatives and have shown promising results, but direct comparisons between applied games and the gold-standard CBT are lacking...
September 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917187/trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-externalizing-psychopathology-among-maltreated-foster-care-youth-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-model
#4
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez, Jyda Pinder
Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how violence exposure (e.g. child maltreatment, witnessing community violence) influence both externalizing and Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children in foster care. Data from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (1999-2007) (NSCAW; National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002) were analyzed to investigate the change trajectories of both externalizing and PTS symptomatology among children with a substantiated report of child maltreatment by Child Protective Services (CPS) between October 1999 and December 2000...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915225/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-measured-adiposity-age-5-to-19-years
#5
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d), and SED (h·d)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835338/perceived-neighborhood-quality-family-processes-and-trajectories-of-child-and-adolescent-externalizing-behaviors-in-the-united-states
#6
Mengying Li, Sara B Johnson, Rashelle J Musci, Anne W Riley
RATIONALE: Externalizing behavior problems are common among children and adolescents, and have considerable negative impacts on their long-term health and wellbeing. Substantial evidence supports a link between neighborhood conditions and externalizing behaviors. However, the timing of neighborhood effects on the developmental course of externalizing behaviors and the role of family and peer processes in shaping neighborhood effects remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to examine the relationship between perceived neighborhood quality and trajectories of child externalizing behaviors in a U...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833849/fifty-years-of-child-height-and-weight-in-japan-and-south-korea-contrasting-secular-trend-patterns-analyzed-by-sitar
#7
T J Cole, H Mori
Objectives Japanese and South Koreans have traditionally been shorter than Europeans, but have recently become appreciably taller. The aim was to quantify the secular trend patterns in height and weight growth in the two countries over 50 years using the SITAR growth curve model. Methods Data on mean height and weight by sex in 1-year age groups from 1 to 20 years were obtained by decade in South Korea (1965-2005) and Japan (1950-2010). The data were analyzed using SITAR (SuperImposition by Translation And Rotation), which estimates a mean curve and three adjustments-size, timing and intensity-reflecting how the individual surveys differ from the mean...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792911/standard-body-mass-index-reference-data-of-prepubescent-diabetic-egyptian-children
#8
Nayera E Hassan, Sahar A El-Masry, Aya Khalil
BACKGROUND: Data on the growth of diabetic children is conflicting. The aim of this study was to create and validate acceptable body mass index (BMI)-standardized percentiles and curves applied to Egyptian prepubescent diabetic children. METHODS: The cross-sectional study comprised 822 prepubescent children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), whose ages ranged from 3 years to 10 years±6 months. An anthropometric assessment for each child was performed: body weight, height and BMI were calculated (weight [kg]/height [m2]), and glycated hemoglobin levels were determined...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767287/feeding-practices-and-infant-growth-quantifying-the-effects-of-breastfeeding-termination-and-complementary-food-introduction-on-bmi-z-score-growth-velocity-through-growth-curve-models
#9
Mildred A Horodynski, Steven J Pierce, David Reyes-Gastelum, Beth Olson, Mackenzie Shattuck
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding practices are a focus of early obesity prevention. We tested whether infant growth velocity increased after breastfeeding termination and complementary food introduction. METHODS: Our secondary analysis included a sample of 547 mother-infant dyads from a longitudinal randomized controlled trial conducted in Michigan and Colorado. Infant anthropometrics at birth, baseline, and 6- and 12-month follow-up were standardized to BMI-for-age z-score (ZBMI) according to World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
August 2, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766703/temperamental-anger-and-effortful-control-teacher-child-conflict-and-externalizing-behavior-across-the-elementary-school-years
#10
Lisa J Crockett, Alexander Michael Wasserman, Kathleen Moritz Rudasill, Lesa Hoffman, Irina Kalutskaya
This study examined teacher-child conflict as a possible mediator of the effects of temperamental anger and effortful control on subsequent externalizing behavior. Reciprocal influences between teacher-child conflict and externalizing behavior were also examined. Participants were 1,152 children (49% female; 81.6% non-Hispanic White) from the Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Multivariate growth curve modeling revealed that greater effortful control at age 54 months indirectly predicted lower levels of, and subsequent changes in, externalizing behavior from kindergarten to Grade 6 through reduced teacher-child conflict...
August 2, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765868/individual-variability-in-height-tracking-in-infancy-comparison-of-two-longitudinal-data-sets-of-children-born-in-1990-and-1996-in-vilnius-lithuania
#11
Andrej Suchomlinov, Vaidilė Jakaitė, Janina Tutkuvienė
The aim of this study was to investigate variability of individual trajectories for height in two different birth cohorts of Lithuanian infants. Data were derived from the personal health records of 781 (399 boys and 382 girls) and 263 (139 boys and 124 girls) children born in 1990 and 1996 (respectively) in the city of Vilnius in Lithuania. The height of each child at birth, at one year and two years of age was investigated. The analysis of growth tracking was performed tracing the main centiles for height (3, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90 and 97)...
September 1, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735695/variation-in-the-early-trajectories-of-autism-symptoms-is-related-to-the-development-of-language-cognition-and-behavior-problems
#12
Janne C Visser, Nanda N J Rommelse, Martijn Lappenschaar, Iris J Servatius-Oosterling, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to model more homogeneous subgroups within autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on early trajectories of core symptoms; and to further characterize these subgroups in terms of trajectories of language, cognition, co-occurring (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]-related) traits and clinical outcome diagnosis. METHOD: Children (N = 203) referred for possible ASD at ages 1 to 4 years were assessed at three time points at intervals ranging from 9 months to 3 years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732715/the-modifying-effects-of-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-on-the-change-in-physical-activity-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#13
Daheia J Barr-Anderson, Jennifer I Flynn, Marsha Dowda, Sharon E Taverno Ross, Michaela A Schenkelberg, Lauren A Reid, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: Youth physical activity (PA) levels differ by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). It is well established that various multilevel factors may influence changes in PA. The present study examined whether the association between the change in individual, interpersonal, and environmental factors and the change in PA is modified by race/ethnicity or SES. METHODS: This study followed 643 youths and their parents from suburban and rural South Carolina participating in the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids (TRACK) Study in 2008-2009 and 2010-2011...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730929/development-of-a-screening-tool-to-predict-malnutrition-among-children-under-two-years-old-in-zambia
#14
Junko Hasegawa, Yoichi M Ito, Taro Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child undernutrition is an important issue, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Children at high risk of malnutrition should be prioritized to receive necessary interventions to minimize such risk. Several risk factors have been proposed; however, until now, there has been no appropriate evaluation method to identify these children. In sub-Saharan Africa, children commonly receive regular check-ups from community health workers. A simple and easy nutrition assessment method is therefore needed for use by semi-professional health workers...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715913/body-parameters-of-czech-breastfed-children-compared-to-the-czech-references-and-who-growth-standards
#15
Jitka Riedlová, Jana Vignerová, Markéta Paulová, Vladimír Musil, Marek Brabec, Dagmar Schneidrová
BACKGROUND: The study concerns the comparison of percentile curves of Czech breastfed children with Czech national references from 1991 and 2001 and WHO growth standards. Growth charts of breastfed children demonstrate different curve shapes, especially in the first months of life. Incorrect interpretation of the growth curve could lead to premature introduction of complementary foods or infant formula. AIM: The comparison of four body parameters of Czech breastfed children with currently used Czech national references and WHO standards in order to recommend that Czech paediatricians use either Czech references or WHO standards in their practice...
August 22, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#16
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705086/longitudinal-relations-between-childhood-maltreatment-maltreatment-specific-shame-and-postpartum-psychopathology
#17
Rena A Menke, Diana Morelen, Valerie A Simon, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
The persistence of shame-based reactions to child maltreatment (CM) has been associated with poor posttraumatic adjustment. Despite evidence that the postpartum period is a vulnerable time for women with CM histories, little is known about the consequences of maltreatment-specific (MS) shame for postpartum functioning. The current study examined individual differences in MS shame among a sample of women during the postpartum period ( n = 100) as well as prospective relations from MS shame to postpartum psychopathology at 6-, 12-, 15-, and 18-month postpartum...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692179/differences-in-growth-of-canadian-children-compared-to-the-who-2006-child-growth-standards
#18
Alison L Park, Karen Tu, Joel G Ray
BACKGROUND: To evaluate if there are departures from the WHO Child Growth Standards (WHO-CGS) in postnatal growth of healthy 'Canadian' children in Ontario up to age 2 years, including by infant feeding and ethnicity. METHODS: We included data on 9964 healthy, singleton children born in Ontario, Canada. Smoothed weight, length and body mass index (BMI) percentile curves were generated using quantile regression for the Canadian cohort from birth to age 2 years. Differences in percentile values were calculated comparing Canadian children vs...
July 10, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687252/treatment-of-early-onset-scoliosis-with-a-hybrid-of-a-concave-magnetic-driver-magnetic-controlled-growth-rod-and-a-contralateral-passive-sliding-rod-construct-with-apical-control-preliminary-report-on-17-cases
#19
Simon T Skov, Sebastiaan P J Wijdicks, Cody Bünger, René M Castelein, Haisheng Li, Moyo C Kruyt
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Magnetic controlled growth rods (MCGRs) are increasingly popular for surgical treatment of severe early-onset scoliosis (EOS), because they allow noninvasive extensions with good growth maintenance. We combined an MCGR with a contralateral passive sliding rod construct with apical control on the convex side to improve efficiency in terms of costs and three-dimensional (3D) correction. PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility, 3D correction, spinal growth, and complications of the apical control MCGR sliding rod hybrid...
July 4, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682696/temperament-and-physical-activity-in-childhood
#20
MinKyoung Song, Robert F Corwyn, Robert H Bradley, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Temperament activity level can serve as a proxy for nondeliberate activity and an important part of overall energy expenditure. However, little is known about any association between temperament activity level and children's levels of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity. We examined whether temperament activity level in young children is associated with moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity later in childhood and midadolescence. We also assessed if parenting behaviors moderate any association...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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