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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889563/longitudinal-association-between-peer-victimization-and-sleep-problems-in-preschoolers-the-moderating-role-of-parenting
#1
François Bilodeau, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Sylvana M Côté, Richard E Tremblay, Evelyne Touchette, Jacques Montplaisir, Michel Boivin
This study examined the moderating role of parental behaviors in the longitudinal link between peer victimization and sleep problems during preschool. The sample consisted of 1,181 children (594 girls) attending day care between the ages of 3 and 6 years. Participants were part of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, a longitudinal study of child development led by the Institut de la Statistique du Quebec. Controlling for potential confounders, latent growth curve analyses revealed that the association between peer victimization and sleep problems varied depending on parents' behaviors...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881667/dietary-intake-and-weight-status-of-urban-thai-preadolescents-in-the-context-of-food-environment
#2
Wannachanok Boonchoo, Yukari Takemi, Fumi Hayashi, Kaori Koiwai, Hiromitsu Ogata
Little attention has been devoted to the importance of understanding the association between dietary intake and childhood obesity in Thailand. This study aimed to explore food types affecting the weight status of preadolescents in urban settings, where obesity is remarkably prevalent. This study was conducted in 2015-2016 and assessed the dietary intake of 263 children aged 10-12 years from Bangkok Metropolitan Regions through three- nonconsecutive-day 24 h recall. Lifestyle and sociodemographic information was obtained using questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845031/effective-factors-on-the-rate-of-growth-failure-in-children-below-two-years-of-age-a-recurrent-events-model
#3
Farzad Ebrahimzadeh, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Ahmad Reza Baghestani, Mohammad Reza Nazer
Background: Growth failure, constituting one the health problems in children below 2 yr of age, can lead to major complications such as death or mental, emotional and physical disabilities. The present study aimed to investigate effective factors on growth failure in the height and weight of less than 2 yr old children of Khorramabad, Iran in 2013. Methods: This present longitudinal retrospective study used stratified and clustered sampling. Based on growth curves in family records, the incidence times of growth failure in height and weight of each child were recorded...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808395/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-the-treatment-of-child-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems
#4
Dikla Eckshtain, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Jessica Schleider, Spencer Evans, John R Weisz
Child internalizing and externalizing problems have been identified as high priority intervention targets by the World Health Organization. Parental depression is a risk factor for development of these childhood problems and may negatively influence intervention outcomes; however, studies have rarely assessed its influence on these outcomes. The present study assessed whether baseline parental depressive symptoms predicted psychotherapy outcomes among children treated for clinically significant internalizing and externalizing problems...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788441/decision-making-involvement-and-prediction-of-adherence-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cohort-sequential-study
#5
Victoria A Miller, Abbas F Jawad
Objective: To assess developmental trajectories of decision-making involvement (DMI), defined as the ways in which parents and children engage each other in decision-making about illness management, in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and examine the effects of DMI on levels of and changes in adherence with age. Methods: Participants included 117 youth with T1D, enrolled at ages 8-16 years and assessed five times over 2 years. The cohort sequential design allowed for the approximation of the longitudinal curve from age 8 to 19 from overlapping cohort segments...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765349/the-influence-of-parental-control-and-parent-child-relational-qualities-on-adolescent-internet-addiction-a-3-year-longitudinal-study-in-hong-kong
#6
Daniel T L Shek, Xiaoqin Zhu, Cecilia M S Ma
This study investigated how parental behavioral control, parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities predicted the initial level and rate of change in adolescent internet addiction (IA) across the junior high school years. The study also investigated the concurrent and longitudinal effects of different parenting factors on adolescent IA. Starting from the 2009/2010 academic year, 3,328 Grade 7 students ( M age = 12.59 ± 0.74 years) from 28 randomly selected secondary schools in Hong Kong responded on a yearly basis to a questionnaire measuring multiple constructs including socio-demographic characteristics, perceived parenting characteristics, and IA...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765179/is-early-treatment-for-mild-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-superior-over-the-traditional-watch-wait-approach-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#7
Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] To present a case of the complete correction of mild suspected adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in support of the argument that early aggressive treatment is superior to the traditional 'watch & wait' approach. [Subject and Methods] A 9-year-old female presented with a 14° thoracic curve indicative of early adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The parents consented to immediate and early treatment with the SpineCor dynamic and corrective scoliosis brace. The brace was worn 20 hours per day and check-ups were performed every three months...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759987/parental-desensitization-to-gun-violence-in-pg-13-movies
#8
Daniel Romer, Patrick E Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Robert Lull, Azeez Adebimpe
: media-1vid110.1542/5745216462001PEDS-VA_2017-3491 Video Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of justified versus unjustified screen violence on parents' willingness to allow children to view films that contain extensive gun violence. METHODS: A national US sample of 610 parents with at least 1 child between ages 6 and 17 was randomly assigned to view a series of four 90-second video clips from popular films depicting violent gun use under either justified or unjustified conditions...
May 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756957/nutritional-outcomes-in-children-with-epidermolysis-bullosa-long-term-follow-up
#9
Ana Paula Caio Zidório, Dryelle Oliveira Dias Leão, Kenia Mara Baiocchi De Carvalho, Eliane Said Dutra
BACKGROUND: some types of epidermolysis bullosa (EB) have extracutaneous manifestations. Manifestations that limit food intake and absorption may compromise nutritional status and increasing nutritional requirements. OBJECTIVES: to investigate the following nutritional status indicators: exclusive breastfeeding duration, problems caused by the introduction of complementary foods, birth weight and length, and growth curves of children with EB. METHODS: assessment was based on the World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts...
January 19, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750954/neonatal-and-fetal-growth-charts-to-identify-preterm-infants-less-than-30-weeks-gestation-at-risk-of-adverse-outcomes
#10
Nansi S Boghossian, Marco Geraci, Erika M Edwards, Jeffrey D Horbar
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether a neonatal or a fetal growth standard is a better predictor of adverse in-hospital newborn outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the power of birth weight for gestational age to predict adverse neonatal outcomes using neonatal and fetal growth charts. Gestational age specific birth weight was examined either as a centile score or as a binary indicator for birth weight below the 10th centile (small for gestational age) using three fetal growth charts (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, World Health Organization, and Intergrowth-21st ) and one neonatal sex-specific birth weight chart...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734050/development-of-hot-and-cool-executive-functions-in-middle-childhood-three-year-growth-curves-of-decision-making-and-working-memory-updating
#11
Nele Lensing, Birgit Elsner
Although middle childhood is an important period for the development of hot and cool executive functions (EFs), longitudinal studies investigating trajectories of childhood EF development are still limited and little is known about predictors for individual developmental trajectories. The current study examined the development of two typical facets of cool and hot EFs over a 3-year period during middle childhood, comparing younger (6- and 7-year-olds at the first wave [T1]; n = 621) and older (8- and 9-year-olds at T1; n = 975) cohort of children...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709662/the-effects-of-recurrent-physical-abuse-on-the-co-development-of-behavior-problems-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-child-welfare-involved-youth
#12
Susan Yoon, Sheila Barnhart, Jamie Cage
The primary aim of the current study was to examine the longitudinal effects of ongoing physical abuse on the co-development of externalizing behavior problems and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms among child welfare-involved adolescents. Using three waves of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, we performed unconditional and conditional parallel process latent growth curve modeling in a structural equation modeling framework. The study sample included 491 adolescents who were between 11 and 13 years of age at baseline...
April 27, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682835/longitudinal-examination-of-family-efficacy-following-pediatric-stem-cell-transplant
#13
Rachel Tillery, Naomi E Joffe, Constance A Mara, Stella M Davies, Ahna L H Pai
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric stem cell transplant (pSCT) is emotionally demanding for families. Yet, we know little of how the family unit responds to the adversity of pSCT within the first year after transplant. Family efficacy, an indicator of family resilience, is linked to positive parent, child, and family adjustment. Better understanding the factors that promote family efficacy during this difficult time could inform modifiable intervention targets and improve child and parent adjustment...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679193/etiology-of-stability-and-growth-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-across-childhood-and-adolescence
#14
Alexander S Hatoum, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Internalizing and externalizing behaviors are heritable, and show genetic stability during childhood and adolescence. Less work has explored how genes influence individual differences in developmental trajectories. We estimated ACE biometrical latent growth curve models for the Teacher Report Form (TRF) and parent Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) internalizing and externalizing scales from ages 7 to 16 years in 408 twin pairs from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study. We found that Intercept factors were highly heritable for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (a2 = ...
April 20, 2018: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629587/an-nihr-approved-two-year-observational-study-on-magnetically-controlled-growth-rods-in-the-treatment-of-early-onset-scoliosis
#15
C Nnadi, C Thakar, J Wilson-MacDonald, P Milner, A Rao, D Mayers, J Fairbank, T Subramanian
Aims The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the performance and safety of magnetically controlled growth rods in the treatment of early onset scoliosis. Secondary aims were to evaluate the clinical outcome, the rate of further surgery, the rate of complications, and the durability of correction. Patients and Methods We undertook an observational prospective cohort study of children with early onset scoliosis, who were recruited over a one-year period and followed up for a minimum of two years. Magnetically controlled rods were introduced in a standardized manner with distractions performed three-monthly thereafter...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629507/the-protecting-strong-african-american-families-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-rural-african-american-couples
#16
Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Ashley C Wells, Justin B Ingels, Phaedra S Corso, Megan C Sperr, Tracy N Anderson, Gene H Brody
This study presents results from a randomized controlled trial of the Protecting Strong African American Families (ProSAAF) program, a family-centered intervention designed to promote strong couple, coparenting, and parent-child relationships in two-parent African American families. A total of 346 African American couples with an early adolescent child participated; all families lived in rural, low-income communities in the southern USA. Intent-to-treat growth curve analyses involving three waves and spanning 17 months indicated that ProSAAF participants, compared with control participants, reported greater improvements in relationship communication, confidence, satisfaction, partner support, coparenting, and parenting...
April 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603202/the-effects-of-a-couples-based-health-behavior-intervention-during-pregnancy-on-latino-couples-dyadic-satisfaction-postpartum
#17
Kristina Coop Gordon, Patricia N E Roberson, Jessica A Hughes, Alexander M Khaddouma, Geeta K Swamy, Devon Noonan, Alicia M Gonzalez, Laura Fish, Kathryn I Pollak
Many couples tend to report steadily decreasing relationship quality following the birth of a child. However, little is known about the postpartum period for Latino couples, a rapidly growing ethnic group who are notably underserved by mental and physical health caregivers in the United States. Thus, this study investigated whether a brief couples' intervention focused on helping couples support each other while increasing healthy behaviors might improve dyadic functioning postpartum. This study presents secondary analyses of data regarding couple functioning from a larger randomized controlled trial with 348 Latino couples to promote smoking cessation...
March 30, 2018: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562359/process-evaluation-of-the-nyu-caregiver-intervention-adult-child
#18
Joseph E Gaugler, Mark Reese, Mary S Mittelman
Purpose of the Study: A noted limitation of dementia caregiver intervention research is a lack of focus on the mechanisms of successful programs. The purpose of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of the New York University Caregiver Intervention-Adult Child (NYUCI-AC) to describe its delivery and determine which of its components were associated with key outcomes (caregiver stress and well-being; care recipient residential care admission). Design and Methods: Adult child caregivers randomly assigned to receive the NYUCI-AC intervention (n = 54) were included...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558905/novel-biomarker-based-model-for-the-prediction-of-sorafenib-response-and-overall-survival-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Hwi Young Kim, Dong Hyeon Lee, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Young Youn Cho, Eun Ju Cho, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim, Jung-Hwan Yoon
BACKGROUND: Prediction of the outcome of sorafenib therapy using biomarkers is an unmet clinical need in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim was to develop and validate a biomarker-based model for predicting sorafenib response and overall survival (OS). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 124 consecutive HCC patients (44 with disease control, 80 with progression) with Child-Pugh class A liver function, who received sorafenib...
March 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531565/evaluation-of-the-predictive-value-of-fetal-doppler-ultrasound-for-neonatal-outcome-from-the-36-th-week-of-pregnancy
#20
Zahra Laleh Eslamian, Elahe Zarean, Maryam Moshfeghi, Zahra Heidari
Background: Early prediction of adverse neonatal outcome would be possible by Doppler impedance indices of middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UmA), and descending aortal artery (AO) that result in decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was a determination of optimal value for the ratio of MCA to descending aorta blood flow (MCA/AO) impedance indices and its comparison with the ratio of MCA to UmA (MCA/UmA) impedance indices and their relationship with neonatal outcome...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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