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Child growth curve

Lawrence Doi, Andrew James Williams, John Frank
BACKGROUND: Adiposity rebound is considered critical to the development of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate how growth has changed in comparison to the UK 1990 BMI growth reference curves between the ages 4-8 years and identify any marked deviations in growth. We also examined potential maternal and child risk/protective factors associated with the altered growth patterns. METHODS: We used data from birth cohort 1 of the Growing Up in Scotland study...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
Roxanna Camfferman, Pauline W Jansen, Ralph C A Rippe, Judi Mesman, Ivonne P M Derks, Henning Tiemeier, Vincent Jaddoe, Shelley M C van der Veek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine bidirectional associations between overweight and behavior problems during early childhood taking into account the adiposity rebound, which is the turning point in the nonlinear development of Body Mass Index in early childhood. METHODS: Longitudinal data from 6624 Dutch children in the Generation R Study were used to analyze the association between measured overweight and scores on the internalizing and externalizing scale of the Child Behavior Checklist between one-and-a-half, three and six years...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah, Lila S Asfour, Susan B Uhlhorn, Nicole E Englebert, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention "Healthy Caregivers-Healthy Children" (HC2) on dietary patterns and body mass index percentile (PBMI) over 2 school years. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Childcare centers. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income families. INTERVENTION: Intervention centers (N = 12) received HC2 which consisted of (1) menu modifications, (2) a healthy eating and physical activity curriculum for children, and (3) a parent curriculum for healthy meal preparation, reinforced through a role-modeling curriculum...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Åse Bjørseth, Lars Wichstrøm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present investigation was to compare the effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) with treatment as usual (TAU) in young children who were referred to regular child and adolescent mental health clinics for behavior problems. METHOD: Eighty-one Norwegian families with two- to seven-year-old children (52 boys) who had scored ≥ 120 on the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) were randomly assigned to receive either PCIT or TAU...
2016: PloS One
Carly Yasinski, Adele M Hayes, C Beth Ready, Jorden A Cummings, Ilana S Berman, Thomas McCauley, Charles Webb, Esther Deblinger
Objective: Involving caregivers in trauma-focused treatments for youth has been shown to result in better outcomes, but it is not clear which in-session caregiver behaviors enhance or inhibit this effect. The current study examined the associations between caregiver behaviors during Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) and youth cognitive processes and symptoms. Method: Participants were a racially diverse sample of Medicaid-eligible youth (ages 7-17) and their nonoffending caregivers (N = 71 pairs) who received TF-CBT through an effectiveness study in a community setting...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Qian Yang, Hwee Yeong Lew, Raymond Hock Huat Peh, Michael Patrick Metz, Tze Ping Loh
Reference intervals are the most commonly used decision support tool when interpreting quantitative laboratory results. They may require partitioning to better describe subpopulations that display significantly different reference values. Partitioning by age is particularly important for the paediatric population since there are marked physiological changes associated with growth and maturation. However, most partitioning methods are either technically complex or require prior knowledge of the underlying physiology/biological variation of the population...
October 2016: Pathology
Chrystal Vergara-Lopez, Stephenie Chaudoir, Margaret Bublitz, Maggie O'Reilly Treter, Laura Stroud
We examined the associations between 2 dimensions of maternal parenting style (care and overprotection) and cortisol response to an acute laboratory-induced stressor in healthy youth. Forty-three participants completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and an adapted version of the Trier Social Stress Test-Child (TSST-C). Nine cortisol samples were collected to investigate heterogeneity in different phases of youth's stress response. Multiphase growth-curve modeling was utilized to create latent factors corresponding to individual differences in cortisol during baseline, reactivity, and recovery to the TSST-C...
August 24, 2016: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Ana I Mora-Urda, María Del Carmen B Molina, José G Mill, Pilar Montero-López
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) measurement is an appropriate method for determining arterial stiffness and is a useful tool for early detection of cardiovascular disease. However, the lack of reference values due to the difficulty in accessing healthy child populations, among other causes, has limited its use in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to create reference cfPWV percentile curves for healthy children. The initial sample consisted of 350 girls and boys aged 8 to 11 years. The cfPWV per age and sex were generated using the lambda-mu-sigma (LMS) technique...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Yuan Li, Feng Liao, Hai-Rong Xu, Xiao-Hui Niu
BACKGROUND: For a child with osteosarcoma, prediction of the limb length discrepancy at maturity is important when planning for limb salvage surgery. The purpose of this study was to provide a reliable prediction method. METHODS: A retrospective review of Chinese children receiving chemotherapy for osteosarcoma before skeletal maturity was conducted. Standing full-length radiographs of the lower extremity were used for length measurements. Length-for-age curves were constructed using the LMS method...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Ramazan Fallah
BACKGROUND: Growth failure in children less than five years old can lead to the serious complications such as increased mortality, learning difficulties or physical disability. The aim of this study was to investigate the nonorganic factors affecting the growth trend in less than two years children living in Zanjan, Iran. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted on a sample of 3566 children less than two years old in Zanjan. Weight and length growth trends were recorded as ordinal variables and analyzed by longitudinal marginal model...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Taralyn McMullan
PURPOSE: Spinal fusion (SF) surgery is a complex procedure that affects children with and without underlying disabilities. The purpose of this article was to describe the necessary steps when preparing a child, specifically with cerebral palsy (CP), and family for a SF, while also emphasizing the postoperative care during discharge planning. DESIGN: Literature review on pediatric patients undergoing spinal fusion and those who have cerebral palsy. METHOD: Literature was searched using the CINAHL database, from 2009 to 2016...
July 22, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
K S Betts, P Baker, R Alati, J E McIntosh, J A Macdonald, P Letcher, C A Olsson
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to describe the patterning and persistence of anxiety and depressive symptoms from adolescence to young adulthood and to examine long-term developmental relationships with earlier patterns of internalizing behaviours in childhood. METHOD: We used parallel processes latent growth curve modelling to build trajectories of internalizing from adolescence to adulthood, using seven waves of follow-ups (ages 11-27 years) from 1406 participants of the Australian Temperament Project...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
Ashish Banker, Cynthia Bell, Monesha Gupta-Malhotra, Joshua Samuels
BACKGROUND: The goal was to develop familiar blood pressure (BP) charts representing BP percentile curves similar to CDC growth charts to improve screening of both high and low BP in children. METHODS: Since height accounts for substantially more BP variability than age and is a more direct measure of body size and maturation in children, height-specific BP percentile curves were drawn separately for males and females. We used the 2004 Fourth Report data source and equations to calculate the BP threshold value for each gender and 5 cm height group...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Erin E O'Connor, David A Langer, Martha C Tompson
Maternal depression is a well-documented risk factor for youth depression, and taking into account its severity and chronicity may provide important insight into the degree of risk conferred. This study explored the degree to which the severity/chronicity of maternal depression history explained variance in youth internalizing and externalizing symptoms above and beyond current maternal depressive symptoms among 171 youth (58 % male) ages 8 to 12 over a span of 3 years. Severity and chronicity of past maternal depression and current maternal depressive symptoms were examined as predictors of parent-reported youth internalizing and externalizing symptomatology, as well as youth self-reported depressive symptoms...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Jamie L Humphrey
This study examined direct area-level effects of 4 common child well-being outcomes across multiple scales of residential and school neighborhoods to identify relevant contexts for measuring neighborhood effects on elementary school children. Results from growth curve models indicate that neighborhoods operationalized as residential and school census tracts exerted similar effect sizes while neighborhoods operationalized as school attendance zones showed attenuated effects. These results suggest that it may be reasonable to interchange residential and school census tracts when examining contextual effects on child well-being...
July 2016: Health & Place
Eric D Finegood, Clancy Blair, Douglas A Granger, Leah C Hibel, Roger Mills-Koonce
This study evaluated prospective longitudinal relations among an index of poverty-related cumulative risk, maternal salivary cortisol, child negative affect, and maternal sensitivity across the first 2 postpartum years. Participants included 1,180 biological mothers residing in rural and predominantly low-income communities in the United States. Multilevel growth curve analyses indicated that an index of cumulative risk was positively associated with maternal cortisol across the postpartum (study visits occurring at approximately 7, 15, and 24 months postpartum) over and above effects for African American ethnicity, time of day of saliva collection, age, parity status, having given birth to another child, contraceptive use, tobacco smoking, body mass index, and breastfeeding...
July 2016: Developmental Psychology
Andrew P Fleming, Robert J McMahon, Kevin M King
Structured observations of parent-child interactions are commonly used in research and clinical settings, but require additional empirical support. The current study examined the capacity of child-directed play, parent-directed play, and parent-directed chore interaction analogs to uniquely predict the development of conduct problems across a 6-year follow-up period. Parent-child observations were collected from 338 families from high-risk neighborhoods during the summer following the child's first-grade year...
June 18, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Danhong Chen, Michael R Thomsen, Rodolfo M Nayga, Judy L Bennett
INTRODUCTION: Arkansas is among the poorest states and has high rates of childhood obesity. In 2003, it became the first state to systematically screen public schoolchildren for unhealthy weight status. This study aims to examine the socioeconomic disparities in Body Mass Index (BMI) growth and the risk of the onset of obesity from childhood through adolescence. METHODS: This study analyzed (in 2015) the data for a large cohort of Arkansas public schoolchildren for whom BMIs were measured from school years 2003/2004 through 2009/2010...
August 2016: Preventive Medicine
Zhumin Zhang, Mary J Lindstrom, Philip M Farrell, HuiChuan J Lai
BACKGROUND: To examine long-term growth benefit of newborn screening (NBS), adolescent peak height velocity (PHV), and adult height were compared between the screened (diagnosed early via NBS) and the control (identified generally by symptoms) in the Wisconsin Randomized Clinical Trial. METHODS: Data from 107 children born in 1985-1994 and followed through 2012 were analyzed. PHV was estimated by a semiparametric growth curve model and compared with Tanner reference...
May 2016: Pediatrics
Gary T K Mok, Sharon S Chan, Yoyo W Y Chu, Sau Man Chan, Wilfred H S Wong, Brian H Y Chung
Normal growth is essential to a developing child. Most syndromes with dysmorphic features demonstrate recognizable patterns of disproportionate growth, thus physical measurements are an important aspect of patient evaluation. Delineating the abnormal growth pattern depends greatly on the accuracy of the normal range. However, the currently available reference data are restricted in terms of ethnicity and geographical location, hence may not be applicable to all children worldwide. In Hong Kong, reference data are limited only to the neonatal period...
August 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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