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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064369/the-role-of-socio-economic-disadvantage-in-the-development-of-comorbid-emotional-and-conduct-problems-in-children-with-adhd
#1
Eirini Flouri, Emily Midouhas, Alexandra Ruddy, Vanessa Moulton
Previous research shows that, compared to children without ADHD, children with ADHD have worse socio-emotional outcomes and more experience of socio-economic disadvantage. In this study, we explored if and how the increased emotional and behavioural difficulties faced by children with ADHD may be accounted for by their more disadvantaged socio-economic circumstances. Our study, using data from 180 children (149 boys) with ADHD from the Millennium Cohort Study, had two aims. First, to examine the role of socio-economic disadvantage in the trajectories of emotional and conduct problems in children with ADHD at ages 3, 5, 7 and 11 years...
January 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029169/the-past-is-present-representations-of-parents-friends-and-romantic-partners-predict-subsequent-romantic-representations
#2
Wyndol Furman, Charlene Collibee
This study examined how representations of parent-child relationships, friendships, and past romantic relationships are related to subsequent romantic representations. Two-hundred 10th graders (100 female; Mage  = 15.87 years) from diverse neighborhoods in a Western U.S. city were administered questionnaires and were interviewed to assess avoidant and anxious representations of their relationships with parents, friends, and romantic partners. Participants then completed similar questionnaires and interviews about their romantic representations six more times over the next 7...
December 28, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995842/maternal-depression-and-trajectories-of-child-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-the-roles-of-child-decision-making-and-working-memory
#3
E Flouri, A Ruddy, E Midouhas
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression may affect the emotional/behavioural outcomes of children with normal neurocognitive functioning less severely than it does those without. To guide prevention and intervention efforts, research must specify which aspects of a child's cognitive functioning both moderate the effect of maternal depression and are amenable to change. Working memory and decision making may be amenable to change and are so far unexplored as moderators of this effect. METHOD: Our sample was 17 160 Millennium Cohort Study children...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977582/spine-malformation-complex-in-3-diverse-syndromic-entities-case-reports
#4
Ali Al Kaissi, Andreas van Egmond-Fröhlich, Sergey Ryabykh, Polina Ochirov, Vladimir Kenis, Jochen G Hofstaetter, Franz Grill, Rudolf Ganger, Susanne Gerit Kircher
RATIONALE: Clinical and radiographic phenotypic characterizations were the base line tool of diagnosis in 3 syndromic disorders in which congenital cervico-thoracic kyphosis was the major deformity. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Directing maximal care toward the radiographic analysis is not only the axial malformation but also toward the appendicular abnormalities was our main concern. We fully documented the diversity of the spine phenotypic malformation complex via the clinical and radiographic phenotypes...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977229/environmental-adversity-and-children-s-early-trajectories-of-problem-behavior-the-role-of-harsh-parental-discipline
#5
Eirini Flouri, Emily Midouhas
This study was performed to examine the role of harsh parental discipline in mediating and moderating the effects of environmental adversity (family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events) on emotional and behavioral problems across early-to-middle childhood. The sample included 16,916 children (48% female; 24% non-White) from the U.K.'s Millennium Cohort Study. We analyzed trajectories of conduct, hyperactivity, and emotional problems, measured at ages 3, 5, and 7 years, using growth curve models...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974166/predicting-undernutrition-at-age-2-years-with-early-attained-weight-and-length-compared-with-weight-and-length-velocity
#6
Catherine Schwinger, Lars T Fadnes, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Prakash Sundar Shrestha, Ram Krishna Chandyo, Binob Shrestha, Manjeswori Ulak, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Carl Mason, Tor A Strand
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the abilities of weight and length velocities vs attained growth measures to predict stunting, wasting, and underweight at age 2 years. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from a community-based cohort study (The Etiology, Risk Factors, and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development study [MAL-ED] study) in Bhaktapur, Nepal. A total of 240 randomly selected children were enrolled at birth and followed up monthly up to age 24 months...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923865/engaging-parents-of-children-with-and-without-asthma-in-smoking-specific-parenting-results-from-a-3-year-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluation
#7
Linda Ringlever, Marieke Hiemstra, Rutger C M E Engels, Onno C P van Schayck, Roy Otten
: The present study evaluated long-term effects of a home-based smoking prevention program targeting smoking-specific parenting in families with children with and without asthma. A total of 1398 non-smoking children (mean age 10.1) participated, of which 197 (14.1%) were diagnosed with asthma. Families were blinded to group assignment. The intervention group (n = 684) received booklets with assignments that actively encouraged parents to engage in smoking-specific parenting strategies...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913921/language-difficulty-at-school-entry-and-the-trajectories-of-hyperactivity-inattention-problems-from-ages-4-to-11-evidence-from-a-population-representative-cohort-study
#8
Shaun Goh Kok Yew, Richard O'Kearney
Latent growth curve modelling was used to contrast the developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention (H-I) problems across childhood for children with a language difficulty at the start of school and those with typical language and to examine if the presence of a language difficulty moderates the associations of child, parent and peer predictors with these trajectories. Unconditional and language-status conditional latent growth curves of H-I problems were estimated for a large nationally representative cohort of children, comprising 1627 boys (280 - language difficulty) and 1609 girls (159 - language difficulty) measured at age 4 to 5, 6 to 7, 8 to 9 and 10 to 11...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891832/cortisol-in-human-milk-predicts-child-bmi
#9
Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, Tran Bao Le, Anna Chung, Elysia Poggi Davis, Laura M Glynn
OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding has been linked to lower rates of childhood obesity. Human milk contains cortisol, known to regulate glucose storage and metabolism. The aim of this study was to to test the hypothesis that early exposure to cortisol in human breast milk helps to modulate infant body mass index (BMI) trajectories over the first 2 years of life. METHODS: Growth curve modeling was used to examine whether infant exposure to cortisol in human milk at 3 months predicted changes in child body mass index percentile (BMIP) at 6, 12, and 24 months of age in 51 breastfeeding mother-child pairs...
December 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889923/normal-radiological-unossified-hip-joint-space-and-femoral-head-size-development-during-growth-in-675-children-and-adolescents
#10
Veronika Wegener, Gabriele Jorysz, Andreas Arnoldi, Sandra Utzschneider, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Bernhard Heimkes
Evaluation of hip joint space width during child growth is important to aid in the early diagnosis of hip pathology in children. We established reference values for hip joint space and femoral head size for each age. Hip joint space development during growth was retrospectively investigated medial and cranial in 1350 hip joints of children using standard anteroposterior supine plain pelvic radiographs. Maximum capital femoral epiphysis diameter and femoral radii were further more investigated. Hip joint space values show a slow decline during growth...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871318/reference-curves-of-birth-weight-length-and-head-circumference-for-gestational-ages-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#11
Ekawaty L Haksari, Harrie N Lafeber, Mohammad Hakimi, Endy P Pawirohartono, Lennarth Nyström
BACKGROUND: The birth weight reference curve to estimate the newborns at risk in need of assessment and monitoring has been established. The previous reference curves from Indonesia, approximately 8 years ago, were based on the data collected from teaching hospitals only with limited gestational ages. The aims of the study were to update the reference curves for birth weight, supine length and head circumference for Indonesia, and to compare birth weight curves of boys and girls, first child and later children, and the ones in the previous studies...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849270/child-undernutrition-in-one-of-the-cities-with-greater-nutritional-risk-in-brazil-population-based-study-in-the-western-brazilian-amazon
#12
Thiago Santos de Araújo, Cristieli Sérgio de Menezes Oliveira, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Mônica da Silva-Nunes, Marly Augusto Cardoso
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of child undernutrition and associated factors in a municipality with high nutritional risk in Brazil. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with a sample of 478 children aged under 5 years in the city of Jordão, Acre, Brazil. The following indicators were calculated: weight for age (W/A), height for age (H/A), and weight for height (W/H), using the growth curves of the WHO as reference, which adopts a cutoff of -2 z scores for identification of malnourished children...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835859/relationships-with-parents-and-adult-children-s-substance-use
#13
Corinne Reczek, Mieke Beth Thomeer, Alexandra Kissling, Hui Liu
Previous research has indicated that parents impact minor children's health behaviors and adult children's self-rated health and psychological well-being. However, little is known about the long-term consequences of the parent-child relationship for adult children's substance (i.e., smoking levels, low to moderate alcohol use) as adult children age. The present study uses growth curve analysis on longitudinal survey data (Americans' Changing Lives, N=907) to examine how multiple dimensions of the parent-child tie influence adult children's substance use...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830340/utilization-of-mental-health-services-and-mental-health-status-among-children-placed-in-out-of-home-care-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-modeling-approach
#14
Svetlana Yampolskaya, Patty J Sharrock, Colleen Clark, Ardis Hanson
This longitudinal study examined the parallel trajectories of mental health service use and mental health status among children placed in Florida out-of-home care. The results of growth curve modeling suggested that children with greater mental health problems initially received more mental health services. Initial child mental health status, however, had no effect on subsequent service provision when all outpatient mental health services were included. When specific types of mental health services, such as basic outpatient, targeted case management, and intensive mental health services were examined, results suggested that children with compromised functioning during the baseline period received more intensive mental health services over time...
November 9, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737667/how-has-child-growth-around-adiposity-rebound-altered-in-scotland-since-1990-and-what-are-the-risk-factors-for-weight-gain-using-the-growing-up-in-scotland-birth-cohort-1
#15
Lawrence Doi, Andrew James Williams, John Frank
BACKGROUND: Adiposity rebound is considered critical to the development of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate how growth has changed in comparison to the UK 1990 BMI growth reference curves between the ages 4-8 years and identify any marked deviations in growth. We also examined potential maternal and child risk/protective factors associated with the altered growth patterns. METHODS: We used data from birth cohort 1 of the Growing Up in Scotland study...
October 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639050/the-association-between-overweight-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-in-early-childhood
#16
Roxanna Camfferman, Pauline W Jansen, Ralph C A Rippe, Judi Mesman, Ivonne P M Derks, Henning Tiemeier, Vincent Jaddoe, Shelley M C van der Veek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine bidirectional associations between overweight and behavior problems during early childhood taking into account the adiposity rebound, which is the turning point in the nonlinear development of Body Mass Index in early childhood. METHODS: Longitudinal data from 6624 Dutch children in the Generation R Study were used to analyze the association between measured overweight and scores on the internalizing and externalizing scale of the Child Behavior Checklist between one-and-a-half, three and six years...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630110/obesity-prevention-program-in-childcare-centers-two-year-follow-up
#17
Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah, Lila S Asfour, Susan B Uhlhorn, Nicole E Englebert, Kristopher L Arheart
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention "Healthy Caregivers-Healthy Children" (HC2) on dietary patterns and body mass index percentile (PBMI) over 2 school years. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Childcare centers. PARTICIPANTS: Low-income families. INTERVENTION: Intervention centers (N = 12) received HC2 which consisted of (1) menu modifications, (2) a healthy eating and physical activity curriculum for children, and (3) a parent curriculum for healthy meal preparation, reinforced through a role-modeling curriculum...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622458/effectiveness-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-pcit-in-the-treatment-of-young-children-s-behavior-problems-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Åse Bjørseth, Lars Wichstrøm
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present investigation was to compare the effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) with treatment as usual (TAU) in young children who were referred to regular child and adolescent mental health clinics for behavior problems. METHOD: Eighty-one Norwegian families with two- to seven-year-old children (52 boys) who had scored ≥ 120 on the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) were randomly assigned to receive either PCIT or TAU...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618641/in-session-caregiver-behavior-predicts-symptom-change-in-youth-receiving-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-tf-cbt
#19
Carly Yasinski, Adele M Hayes, C Beth Ready, Jorden A Cummings, Ilana S Berman, Thomas McCauley, Charles Webb, Esther Deblinger
OBJECTIVE: Involving caregivers in trauma-focused treatments for youth has been shown to result in better outcomes, but it is not clear which in-session caregiver behaviors enhance or inhibit this effect. The current study examined the associations between caregiver behaviors during Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) and youth cognitive processes and symptoms. METHOD: Participants were a racially diverse sample of Medicaid-eligible youth (ages 7-17) and their nonoffending caregivers (N = 71 pairs) who received TF-CBT through an effectiveness study in a community setting...
December 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567225/an-automated-and-objective-method-for-age-partitioning-of-reference-intervals-based-on-continuous-centile-curves
#20
Qian Yang, Hwee Yeong Lew, Raymond Hock Huat Peh, Michael Patrick Metz, Tze Ping Loh
Reference intervals are the most commonly used decision support tool when interpreting quantitative laboratory results. They may require partitioning to better describe subpopulations that display significantly different reference values. Partitioning by age is particularly important for the paediatric population since there are marked physiological changes associated with growth and maturation. However, most partitioning methods are either technically complex or require prior knowledge of the underlying physiology/biological variation of the population...
October 2016: Pathology
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