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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456281/foster-home-integration-as-a-temporal-indicator-of-relational-well-being
#1
Jeffrey Waid, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen M McBeath, Lew Bank
This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Latent growth curve modeling procedures were employed to determine if child, family, and case characteristics influenced youth's home integration trajectories...
December 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430071/trajectories-of-problem-behaviors-from-4-to-23-years-in-former-preterm-infants
#2
Allie Scott, Suzy Barcelos Winchester, Mary C Sullivan
Premature infants have significant risk for later behavior problems. This study examined growth trajectories of three problem behaviors across five developmental age points from preschool to early adulthood in a well-characterized sample of premature infants. The effects of neonatal risk, gender, and socioeconomic context were modeled on these trajectories. The longitudinal sample was comprised of preterm infants (N = 160) with full variation of neonatal morbidity and birth weight (640-1950 grams). Trajectories of externalizing, internalizing and attention problem behaviors from 4 to 23 years, measured by the Child Behavior Checklist, were tested using latent growth curve modeling...
March 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424094/leg-length-sitting-height-and-body-proportions-references-for-achondroplasia-new-tools-for-monitoring-growth
#3
Mariana Del Pino, Rosario Ramos Mejía, Virginia Fano
Achondroplasia is the most common form of inherited disproportionate short stature. We report leg length, sitting height, and body proportion curves for achondroplasia. Seven centile format of sitting height, leg length, sitting height/leg length ratio, sitting height/height ratio, and head circumference/height ratio were estimated by the LMS method. The Q-test was applied to assess the goodness of fit. For comparison, centiles of sitting height and leg length were graphed using Argentine national growth references for achondroplasia and non-achondroplasia populations...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411861/the-first-seriatum-study-of-growth-by-r-e-scammon
#4
Elizabeth M Miller
Richard E. Scammon's article, "The First Seriatim Study of Human Growth," provided one of the best-known visuals in the field of human biology. Scammon resurrected longitudinal height data of one child from Buffon's Histoire Naturelle, converted them to metric, and plotted these measurements as a function of age. The result was the first graph of one individual's growth curve from birth to 18 years of age. This image was subsequently reproduced in numerous texts on human growth and biology. Published in 1927, Scammon's article provides a snapshot of the state of growth research at the time and gives a (literal) picture of the future of human biology...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392824/early-childhood-growth-and-cognitive-outcomes-findings-from-the-mal-ed-study
#5
Rebecca J Scharf, Elizabeth T Rogawski, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Angelina Maphula, Erling Svensen, Fahmida Tofail, Muneera Rasheed, Claudia Abreu, Angel Orbe Vasquez, Rita Shrestha, Laura Pendergast, Estomih Mduma, Beena Koshy, Mark R Conaway, James A Platts-Mills, Richard L Guerrant, Mark D DeBoer
Although many studies around the world hope to measure or improve developmental progress in children to promote community flourishing and productivity, growth is sometimes used as a surrogate because cognitive skills are more difficult to measure. Our objective was to assess how childhood measures of anthropometry correlate with measures of child development in low-income settings with high prevalence of poor nutrition and enteric disease, to inform studies considering growth outcomes in the absence of direct child developmental skill assessment...
February 2, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389719/results-of-casting-in-severe-curves-in-infantile-scoliosis
#6
Peter J Stasikelis, Ashley M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Previous work has demonstrated best results for casting in infantile scoliosis when the curves are small and the child begins casting under 2 years of age. This study examines if casting can delay the need for growth friendly instrumentation in severe curves (50 to 106 degrees) and how the comorbidities of syrinx or genetic syndromes affected outcomes. METHODS: All children undergoing casting for scoliosis at a single institution over an 8-year period were examined...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359956/nutritional-assessment-of-the-children-of-the-beta-israel-community-in-ethiopia-a-2017-update
#7
Getahun Asres Alemie, Arthur I Eidelman
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common phenomenon worldwide and a major public health problem, particularly in developing poorer countries like Ethiopia. Although malnutrition can affect any age group, children are at a higher risk and it is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to update and assess the nutritional status of children of the Beta Israel community in the Gondar area of Ethiopia. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional anthropometrical study of all the children of the community age 0-60 months...
January 23, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355359/developmental-processes-across-the-first-two-years-of-parenthood-stability-and-change-in-adult-attachment-style
#8
Jessica A Stern, R Chris Fraley, Jason D Jones, Jacquelyn T Gross, Phillip R Shaver, Jude Cassidy
The first months after becoming a new parent are a unique and important period in human development. Despite substantial research on the many social and biological changes that occur during the first months of parenthood, little is known about changes in mothers' attachment. The present study examines developmental stability and change in first-time mothers' attachment style across the first 2 years of motherhood. At Time 1, 162 economically stressed primiparous mothers (Mage = 23.98 years, SD = 5.18) completed measures of attachment anxiety and avoidance at five time points: when their children were 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months of age...
January 22, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353652/modeling-of-normal-tissue-complications-using-imaging-and-biomarkers-after-radiation-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
Issam El Naqa, Adam Johansson, Dawn Owen, Kyle Cuneo, Yue Cao, Martha Matuszak, Latifa Bazzi, Theodore S Lawrence, Randall K Ten Haken
PURPOSE: To develop normal tissue complications (NTCP) models for hepatocellular cancer (HCC) patients who undergo liver radiation therapy (RT) and to evaluate the potential role of functional imaging and measurement of blood-based circulating biological markers before and during RT to improve the performance of these models. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The data from 192 HCC patients who had undergone RT from 2005 to 2014 were evaluated. Of the 192 patients, 146 had received stereotactic body RT (SBRT) and 46 had received conventional RT to a median physical tumor dose of 49...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334626/parenting-predicts-strange-situation-cortisol-reactivity-among-children-adopted-internationally
#10
Carrie E DePasquale, K Lee Raby, Julie Hoye, Mary Dozier
The functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis can be altered by adverse early experiences. Recent studies indicate that children who were adopted internationally after experiencing early institutional rearing and unstable caregiving exhibit blunted HPA reactivity to stressful situations. The present study examined whether caregiving experiences post-adoption further modulate children's HPA responses to stress. Parental sensitivity during naturalistic parent-child play interactions was assessed for 66 children (M age = 17...
January 4, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331702/is-very-low-infant-birth-weight-a-predictor-for-a-five-year-course-of-depression-in-parents-a-latent-growth-curve-model
#11
Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. METHODS: In this study, the 5-year courses of maternal and paternal depression with VLBW and term born infants (n = 250 families) are modeled and predicted by factors existing at the time of birth. RESULTS: The dyadic trajectories of depression could be best described by five classes (I no depression, II minor maternal depression, III increasing dyadic depression, IV significant maternal depression, V highly depressed mothers)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280969/psychological-predictors-of-sexual-intimate-partner-violence-against-black-and-hispanic-women
#12
Brianna Preiser, Shervin Assari
Background: Although various types of intimate partner violence (IPV) tend to co-occur, risk factors of each type of IPV may differ. At the same time, most of the existing literature on risk factors of IPV among minorities has used a cross-sectional design and has focused on physical rather than sexual IPV. We conducted the current study to compare Black and Hispanic women for psychological predators of change in sexual IPV over time. Methods: Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), this study followed 561 Black and 475 Hispanic women with their male partners for four years...
December 27, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248014/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-lay-health-worker-support-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-pmtct-in-south-africa
#13
Karl Peltzer, Stephen M Weiss, Manasi Soni, Tae Kyoung Lee, Violeta J Rodriguez, Ryan Cook, Maria Luisa Alcaide, Geoffrey Setswe, Deborah L Jones
BACKGROUND: We evaluate the impact of clinic-based PMTCT community support by trained lay health workers in addition to standard clinical care on PMTCT infant outcomes. METHODS: In a cluster randomized controlled trial, twelve community health centers (CHCs) in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, were randomized to have pregnant women living with HIV receive either: a standard care (SC) condition plus time-equivalent attention-control on disease prevention (SC; 6 CHCs; n  = 357), or an enhanced intervention (EI) condition of SC PMTCT plus the "Protect Your Family" intervention (EI; 6 CHCs; n  = 342)...
December 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243190/faltering-growth-in-the-critically-ill-child-prevalence-risk-factors-and-impaired-outcome
#14
Frédéric V Valla, Julien Berthiller, Bénédicte Gaillard-Le-Roux, Carole Ford-Chessel, Tiphanie Ginhoux, Shancy Rooze, Fleur Cour-Andlauer, Rosan Meyer, Etienne Javouhey
Low body mass index (BMI) z score is commonly used to define undernutrition, but faltering growth allows for a complementary dynamic assessment of nutritional status. We studied the prevalence of undernutrition and faltering growth at admission in the pediatric intensive care (PICU) setting and their impacts on outcome. All (685) consecutive children (aged 0 to 18 years old) admitted in a single-center PICU over a 1-year period were prospectively enrolled. Nutritional status assessment was based on anthropometric measurements performed at admission and collected from medical files...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212713/a-degradation-fragment-of-type-x-collagen-is-a-real-time-marker-for-bone-growth-velocity
#15
Ryan F Coghlan, Jon A Oberdorf, Susan Sienko, Michael D Aiona, Bruce A Boston, Kara J Connelly, Chelsea Bahney, Jeremie LaRouche, Sarah M Almubarak, Daniel T Coleman, Irute Girkontaite, Klaus von der Mark, Gregory P Lunstrum, William A Horton
Despite its importance as a key parameter of child health and development, growth velocity is difficult to determine in real time because skeletal growth is slow and clinical tools to accurately detect very small increments of growth do not exist. We report discovery of a marker for skeletal growth in infants and children. The intact trimeric noncollagenous 1 (NC1) domain of type X collagen, the marker we designated as CXM for Collagen X Marker, is a degradation by-product of endochondral ossification that is released into the circulation in proportion to overall growth plate activity...
December 6, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154657/trajectories-of-parental-engagement-in-early-childhood-among-dual-earner-families-effects-on-child-self-control
#16
Tiago Ferreira, Joana Cadima, Marisa Matias, Joana Marina Vieira, Teresa Leal, Karine Verschueren, Paula Mena Matos
Parental engagement in positive activities with the child may show significant variation across time, assuming a crucial influence on child development. In dual-earner families, work-family conflict can interfere with parental engagement, with negative consequences for children's behavior. The current study examined the change trajectories of mothers' and fathers' engagement in early childhood, analyzing whether these trajectories are influenced by parents' work-family conflict and whether they predict child behavioral self-control...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151386/dysregulation-in-children-origins-and-implications-from-age-5-to-age-28
#17
Maureen E McQuillan, Ebru C Kultur, John E Bates, Lauren M O'Reilly, Kenneth A Dodge, Jennifer E Lansford, Gregory S Pettit
Research shows that childhood dysregulation is associated with later psychiatric disorders. It does not yet resolve discrepancies in the operationalization of dysregulation. It is also far from settled on the origins and implications of individual differences in dysregulation. This study tested several operational definitions of dysregulation using Achenbach attention, anxious/depressed, and aggression subscales. Individual growth curves of dysregulation were computed, and predictors of growth differences were considered...
November 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131898/association-of-maternal-obesity-with-longitudinal-ultrasonographic-measures-of-fetal-growth-findings-from-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies-singletons
#18
Cuilin Zhang, Mary L Hediger, Paul S Albert, Jagteshwar Grewal, Anthony Sciscione, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Sungduk Kim, Katherine L Grantz, Germaine M Buck Louis
Importance: Despite the increasing prevalence of pregravid obesity, systematic evaluation of the association of maternal obesity with fetal growth trajectories is lacking. Objective: To characterize differences in fetal growth trajectories between obese and nonobese pregnant women, and to identify the timing of any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons study enrolled cohorts of pregnant women at 12 US health care institutions...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083205/coparenting-relationship-trajectories-marital-violence-linked-to-change-and-variability-after-separation
#19
Jennifer L Hardesty, Brian G Ogolsky, Marcela Raffaelli, Angela Whittaker, Kimberly A Crossman, Megan L Haselschwerdt, Elissa Thomann Mitchell, Lyndal Khaw
Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation...
October 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076525/growth-curves-and-the-international-standard-how-children-s-growth-reflects-challenging-conditions-in-rural-timor-leste
#20
Phoebe R Spencer, Katherine A Sanders, Debra S Judge
OBJECTIVES: Population-specific growth references are important in understanding local growth variation, especially in developing countries where child growth is poor and the need for effective health interventions is high. In this article, we use mixed longitudinal data to calculate the first growth curves for rural East Timorese children to identify where, during development, deviation from the international standards occurs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over an eight-year period, 1,245 children from two ecologically distinct rural areas of Timor-Leste were measured a total of 4,904 times...
October 27, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
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