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Low dose alcohol causes nausea and vomiting

Jinhua Hu, Qizhi Zhang, Xingye Ren, Ziqin Sun, Qizhen Quan
BACKGROUND: Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare but highly mortal condition without liver transplantation (LT). N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a glutathione precursor that detoxifies the reactive metabolite of acetaminophen and replenishes hepatic glutathione stores, is a highly effective drug for the prevention of ALF caused by acetaminophen. However, therapeutic use of NAC in non-acetaminophen-induced ALF (NAI-ALF) including alcohol intoxication, hepatitis virus infection, or drug and toxin-related hepatotoxicity is still inconclusive...
October 2015: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
Paul C Hansard, Ricardo A Manning, M A Haseeb, Martin J Salwen
A 39-yr-old male with hepatorenal syndrome type 1 and refractory ascites was treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) resulting in clinical improvement. He was positive for antibodies to hepatitis B, C, and human immunodeficiency viruses, and had a history of chronic alcohol and iv drug abuse. The patient had 4 hospital admissions during a 12-wk period. He first presented with advanced liver disease including pedal edema and a serum ammonia level of 56 micromol/L (reference range: 11 - 35 micromol/L)...
2006: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Donald G Barceloux, G Randall Bond, Edward P Krenzelok, Hannah Cooper, J Allister Vale
EPIDEMIOLOGY: Almost all cases of acute methanol toxicity result from ingestion, though rarely cases of poisoning have followed inhalation or dermal absorption. The absorption of methanol following oral administration is rapid and peak methanol concentrations occur within 30-60minutes. MECHANISMS OF TOXICITY: Methanol has a relatively low toxicity and metabolism is responsible for the transformation of methanol to its toxic metabolites. Methanol is oxidized by alcohol dehydrogenase to formaldehyde...
2002: Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology
Kashyap V. Panganamamula, Robert S. Fisher, Henry P. Parkman
Functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia refers to upper abdominal pain or discomfort with or without symptoms of early satiety, nausea, or vomiting with no definable organic cause. The current Rome II criteria help to diagnose functional dyspepsia and avoid misdiagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease and irritable bowel syndrome as functional dyspepsia. Assessment of gastric emptying with scintigraphy or breath testing may be useful in identifying delayed gastric emptying in patients with dyspeptic symptoms and may be helpful in patient management...
April 2002: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
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