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"BiPap" OR "BPap" OR "Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure" OR "Bi-Level Positive Airway Pressure" OR "IPAP" OR "EPAP"

Ashutosh Kaushal, Puneet Goyal, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Aarti Agarwal, Prabhat Kumar Singh
Objective: Identification of risk factors that might be responsible for postoperative hypoxaemia, in view of changing profile of surgical patients and better but more complex perioperative care nowadays. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study that included patients aged 18-65 years, who underwent elective surgery and required general anaesthesia. Oxygen saturation was monitored before the induction in operating room and continued 72 hours post-surgery...
December 2018: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Michael J Bonios, Stamatis N Adamopoulos, Stavros G Drakos
Clinical investigations in chronic heart failure (HF) have been increasingly including endpoints related to functional and exercise capacity. Noninvasive ventilation support (NIVS) constitutes a therapeutic option that could improve several markers of cardiovascular performance and functional capacity along with improvements in HF symptoms such as dyspnea. NIVS with bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) is a therapeutic option that can be better tolerated by patients compared to continuous positive airway pressure (cPAP) and potentially improve heart failure patients' adherence...
November 15, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
Chunfang Zou, Weiwei Sheng, De Huai, Juan Cao, Mei Su, Ding Ning, Rong Xue, Yanli Wang, Mao Huang, Xilong Zhang
PURPOSE: Our study aims to compare the difference in clinical efficacy between auto-trilevel positive airway pressure (auto-trilevel PAP) ventilator and conventional fixed bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) ventilator for obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) patients with coexisting moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Twenty-three OHS patients with moderate or severe OSAHS enrolled between January 2015 and September 2017 underwent ventilation by three different modes of positive airway pressure (PAP) for 8 h per night...
November 13, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Cinzia Moret Iurilli, Natale Daniele Brunetti, Paola Rita Di Corato, Giuseppe Salvemini, Matteo Di Biase, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Vito Procacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
K H Briones Claudett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Eon-Jeong Park, Eun-Young Kwon, Hyun-Joo Kim, Ju-Youn Lee, Jeomil Choi, Ji-Young Joo
Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and microbiological effects of an erythritol powder air-polishing device (EPAP) as a supplement to scaling and root planing (SRP) therapy in patients with moderate chronic periodontitis. Methods: Clinical and microbiological evaluations were performed at 21 sites treated with SRP (control) and 21 sites treated with SRP+EPAP (test). All examinations were performed before treatment, 1 month after treatment, and 3 months after treatment...
October 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Cuneyt Tetikkurt, Deniz Ongel, Seza Tetikkurt
A 64-year-old female was admitted for dry cough, dyspnea, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Past medical history revealed scoliosis, cholecystectomy, and Hodgkin lymphoma. ABG values were: pH: 7.42, pCO2: 40.2 mm Hg, pO2: 61.4 mm Hg. Chest CT showed cystic lesions, emphysema, ground glass, and reticular opacities. ABG values worsened under 8L/min nasal oxygen. The patient underwent bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) and methylprednisolone 60 mg/day bid was commenced. The final diagnosis was respiratory insufficiency due to bleomycin toxicity...
November 6, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Paula G David-João, Murilo H Guedes, Álvaro Réa-Neto, Viviane B de Oliveira Chaiben, Cristina P Baena
PURPOSE: Evaluate current recommendation for the use of noninvasive ventilation (Bi-level positive airway pressure- BiPAP modality) in hypoxemic acute respiratory failure, excluding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: Electronic searches in MEDLINE, Web of Science, Clinical Trials, and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials. We searched for randomized controlled trials comparing BiPAP to a control group in patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure...
February 2019: Journal of Critical Care
Killen Harold Briones-Claudett, Antonio Esquinas Rodriguez, Mónica H Briones-Claudett, Miguel Puga-Tejada, Mariuxi Del Pilar Cabrera Baños, Christian Roberto Pazmiño Dueñas, Carlos Israel Torres Herrera, Michelle Grunauer
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the results associated with the use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) using the BiPAP S/T-AVAPS ventilation strategy in subjects with mild to moderate de novohypoxaemicrespiratory failure. METHODS: This is a prospective study that includes subjects with de novohypoxaemic respiratory failure (not produced by acute exacerbations of COPD, chronic lung disease, or congestive heart failure) with mild to moderate PaO₂/FiO₂, who were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Santa Maria Clinic in Guayaquil, Ecuador...
2018: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Tianzhu Guan, Yonghai Sun, Tiezhu Li, Ligang Hou, Jie Zhang, Yongjun Wang
Human exposure to bisphenol compounds (BPs) has been implicated in the development of several chronic diseases. Instead of exploiting the traditional methods for determination of BPs, this work confirms that the human estrogen receptor α ligand binding domain (hERα-LBD) is a powerful recognition element that can be used to monitor multi-residue of BPs in urine samples by fluorescence polarization (FP) assay. Test parameters were optimized for the best performance. Under the optimal conditions, the IC50 values of BPs are in the range of 0...
October 11, 2018: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
Yaxuan Liu, Yangyang Ying, Jaffar S Pandu, Yan Wang, Shuang Dou, Yanzhong Li, Dedong Ma
OBJECTIVE: We have designed the expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) mask to provide a new sort of therapeutic strategies for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS). And this study aims to assess the safety, efficacy and compliance of the EPAP therapy. METHODS: 40 healthy volunteers were enrolled to measure the end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2 ) while being treated by EPAP mask. 40 symptomatic moderate or severe OSAHS patients (AHI≥15/h) recruited were equally divided into two groups randomly and treated with CPAP or mask for a week respectively...
September 24, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Rosita Diana, Ugo Caruso, Simona Concilio, Stefano Piotto, Angela Tuzi, Barbara Panunzi
Currently considerable research both in life and in environmental sciences is dedicated to chemosensors able to detect metals of biological interest such as zinc and iron or other toxic and carcinogenic, as cadmium, mercury, chromium, lead. Recently, a new chemosensor strategy of "single chemosensor for multiple metals" has emerged. For this scope, many fluorescent sensors for Cd(II) and Zn(II) have been designed and synthetized, as ligand systems or in polymeric matrices [1], [2], [3]. The data presented in this article include experimental data on the of a pyridyl/phenolic/benzothiazole functionalized colorimetric receptor ( BPAP ) and its selectively recognise Fe(III) and Fe(II) ions with visible, naked eye colour changes and fluorometric selectivity towards Zn2+ and Cd2+ ions in aqueous medium...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Rachel Edmiston, Stuart Wilkinson, Simon Jones, Karen Tylee, Alexander Broomfield, Iain A Bruce
BACKGROUND: Inclusion cell disease (I-cell) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disease involving multiple organ systems, associated with a severely restricted life expectancy. No curative therapy is currently available, with management aimed at symptom palliation. METHODS: We present a retrospective, single-centre, case series of children referred to a tertiary paediatric metabolic service. The clinical presentation, demographics, genetics and natural history of the condition are investigated...
September 13, 2018: JIMD Reports
Yusuke Mon, Chisato Tamaki
Patients with lateral medullary infarction (LMI) sometimes present with respiratory failure in the acute or subacute phase. We experienced a LMI patient with progression of respiratory failure that required bilevel positive airway pressure in the chronic phase. LMI patients must be carefully observed even in the chronic phase of recovery.
August 2018: Clinical Case Reports
María Teresa Abeleira, Jacobo Limeres, Mercedes Outumuro, Paula Sofía Vidal, Marcio Diniz-Freitas, Manuel Ruíz-Piñón, Pedro Diz
This case report involves a 10-year-old boy diagnosed with spinal muscular atrophy type 2 who underwent nighttime mechanical ventilation with bi-level positive airway pressure. The oral examination revealed restricted mouth opening, lip interposition, dental crowding and maxillary compression. After maxillary expansion the upper airway volume increased 18.6%; 13 episodes of airway infections (20 days of hospitalization) were recorded in the 2 years prior to the maxillary expansion and only 4 episodes (no hospital admissions) in the 2 subsequent years...
August 23, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Hanna Hong, Rory Kamerman-Kretzmer, Roberta Kato, Tena Rosser, Michele VanHirtum-Das, Sally L Davidson Ward
There have been no published reports of central respiratory control abnormalities in pediatric patients with UNC80 or KCNJ11 mutations which cause neurologic channelopathies. We describe an 8-year-old male with a pathogenic UNC80 mutation, intellectual disability, hypotonia and epilepsy with severe central sleep apnea (213.5 events/h) on polysomnography (PSG). We also describe a 20-month-old female with a KCNJ11 mutation, neonatal diabetes and developmental delay who had severe central sleep apnea (131.1 events/h)...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Xuan Xiao, Junyu Li, Tong Yu, Lei Zhou, Xiaolin Fan, Han Xiao, Yue Wang, Lei Yang, Junhui Lv, Xiaojing Jia, Zhaobin Zhang
A recent increase in the use of bisphenol A (BPA) alternatives to manufacture plastics has led to safety concerns. Here, we evaluated the estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activities of bisphenol AP (BPAP), a poorly studied BPA alternative, using in vitro, in vivo and in silico tools. BPAP exhibited weak estrogenicity but strong anti-estrogenicity (IC50  = 2.35 μM) in a GeneBLAzer™ β-lactamase reporter gene assay. BPAP, when administered alone or in combination with E2 (50 μg kg-1 bw d-1 ) for 3 d, significantly decreased the uterine weights of post-weaning CD-1 mice at doses of 10 mg kg-1 bw d-1 and higher...
November 2018: Environmental Pollution
Nishad Khamankar, Grant Coan, Barry Weaver, Cassie S Mitchell
Objective: It is hypothesized earlier non-invasive (NIV) ventilation benefits Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patients. NIV typically consists of the removable bi-level positive airway pressure (Bi-PAP) for adjunctive respiratory support and/or the cough assist intervention for secretion clearance. Historical international standards and current USA insurance standards often delay NIV until percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC %predict) is <50. We identify the optimal point for Bi-PAP initiation and the synergistic benefit of daily Bi-PAP and cough assist on associative increases in survival duration...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Yi-Ting Hsieh, Tai-Ying Lee, Jui-Shih Kao, Hsin-Lin Hsu, Chee-Fah Chong
Acute pulmonary edema due to sympathetic surge and increased peripheral vascular resistance often present to the emergency department (ED) with markedly elevated blood pressure, severe dyspnea, and desaturation. This condition is known as "SCAPE" (sympathetic crashing acute pulmonary edema). We present three SCAPE patients who were successfully treated with high-dose nitroglycerin (NTG) and bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) ventilation. All three patients presented with respiratory failure on arrival but rapidly improved after treatment and did not require endotracheal intubation or admission to the intensive care unit (ICU)...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Luis Perez-Baena, Martí Pons-Òdena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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