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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522295/auditory-attention-switching-with-listening-difficulty-behavioral-and-pupillometric-measures
#1
Daniel R McCloy, Eric Larson, Adrian K C Lee
Pupillometry has emerged as a useful tool for studying listening effort. Past work involving listeners with normal audiological thresholds has shown that switching attention between competing talker streams evokes pupil dilation indicative of listening effort [McCloy, Lau, Larson, Pratt, and Lee ( 2017 ). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 141 (4), 2440-2451]. The current experiment examines behavioral and pupillometric data from a two-stream target detection task requiring attention-switching between auditory streams, in two participant groups: audiometrically normal listeners who self-report difficulty localizing sound sources and/or understanding speech in reverberant or acoustically crowded environments, and their age-matched controls who do not report such problems...
November 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503426/spatial-distribution-and-ecological-risk-assessment-of-the-coastal-surface-sediments-from-the-red-sea-northwest-saudi-arabia
#2
Ali Y Kahal, Abdelbaset S El-Sorogy, Hussain J Alfaifi, Sattam Almadani, Habes A Ghrefat
To assess the spatial distribution and ecological risk assessment along the Red Sea coast, Saudi Arabia, 30 samples were collected for aluminum, chromium, copper, zinc, cadmium, lead, mercury, iron, cobalt, nickel and organic matter analysis. The descending order of metal concentrations was Al > Fe > Cr > Cu > Zn > Ni > Co > Pb > Hg > Cd. Average values of enrichment factor of Hg, Cd, Cu, Co, Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn were higher than 2 (209.50, 25.52, 20...
December 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30500405/quality-of-stepped-wedge-trial-reporting-can-be-reliably-assessed-using-an-updated-consort-crowd-sourcing-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
K Hemming, K Carroll, J Thompson, A Forbes, M Taljaard
The Consolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) extension for the stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial (SW-CRT) is a recently published reporting guideline for SW-CRTs. We assess the quality of reporting of a recent sample of SW-CRTs according to the 26 items in the new guideline using a novel crowd sourcing methodology conducted independently and in duplicate, with random assignment, by 50 reviewers. We assessed reliability of the quality assessments, proposing this as a novel way to assess robustness of items in reporting guidelines...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30487399/crowd-sourced-mapping-of-new-feature-layer-for-high-definition-map
#4
Chansoo Kim, Sungjin Cho, Myoungho Sunwoo, Kichun Jo
A High-Definition map (HD map) is a precise and detailed map composed of various landmark feature layers. The HD map is a core technology that facilitates the essential functions of intelligent vehicles. Recently, it has come to be required for the HD map to continuously add new feature layers in order to increase the performances of intelligent vehicles in more complicated environments. However, it is difficult to generate a new feature layer for the HD map, because the conventional method of generating the HD map based on several professional mapping cars has high costs in terms of time and money due to the need to re-drive on all of the public roads...
November 28, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30479244/human-stampedes-an-updated-review-of-current-literature
#5
Maria Moitinho de Almeida, Johan von Schreeb
Human stampedes are a major cause of mortality in mass gatherings, but they have received limited scientific attention. While the number of publications has increased, there is no recent review of new study results. This study compiles and reviews available literature on stampedes, their prevention, preparedness, and response.A search for peer-reviewed and grey literature in PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA), Google Scholar (Google Inc...
November 27, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30475012/elevated-cannabis-demand-is-associated-with-driving-after-cannabis-use-in-a-crowd-sourced-sample-of-adults
#6
Herry Patel, Michael Amlung
Epidemiological and roadside studies suggest that driving after cannabis use (DACU) is prevalent in the United States, and rates have increased following legalization or decriminalization of cannabis in some U.S. states. Reinforcing value of addictive substances (as measured by behavioral economic demand tasks), is an emerging risk factor for driving under the influence. This study sought to expand upon the previously documented link between alcohol demand and driving after drinking by examining whether similar associations exist between cannabis demand and DACU...
November 26, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30473711/prevalence-of-hcv-infection-in-household-contacts-of-chronic-liver-diseases-cases-in-egypt
#7
Hanaa E Bayomy Helal, Abdelmoniem Yuonis, Rania H M Shaker, Mona Ahmed Elawady
Background: Egypt has the highest prevalence of HCV infection worldwide. This project aimed at identifying the role of HCV transmission among household contacts to index cases in the persistent high incidence of HCV infection in Egypt. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 70 Egyptian cases with chronic liver diseases and their household contacts (140 contacts) from Qalubeyia Governorate. An interview questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics and risk factors to HCV infection...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30450963/crowd-sourced-assessment-of-ureteroscopy-with-laser-lithotripsy-video-feed-does-not-correlate-with-trainee-experience
#8
Simon L Conti, William Brubaker, Benjamin I Chung, Mario Sofer, Ryan S Hsi, Rajesh Shinghal, Christopher S Elliott, Thomas Caruso, John T Leppert
OBJECTIVES: We sought to validate the use of crowd sourced surgical video evaluation in the evaluation of flexible ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy videos using a modified global assessment scale previously validated for ureteroscopic skills. METHODS: We collected video feeds from 30 intra-renal ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy cases where residents post graduate year(PGY) 2 through 6 handled the ureteroscope. The video feeds were annotated to represent the overall performance and to contain the parts of the procedure being scored...
November 18, 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30443441/an-open-source-feature-extraction-tool-for-the-analysis-of-peripheral-physiological-data
#9
Mohsen Nabian, Yu Yin, Jolie Wormwood, Karen S Quigley, Lisa F Barrett, Sarah Ostadabbas
Electrocardiogram, electrodermal activity, electromyogram, continuous blood pressure, and impedance cardiography are among the most commonly used peripheral physiological signals (biosignals) in psychological studies and healthcare applications, including health tracking, sleep quality assessment, disease early-detection/diagnosis, and understanding human emotional and affective phenomena. This paper presents the development of a biosignal-specific processing toolbox (Bio-SP tool) for preprocessing and feature extraction of these physiological signals according to the state-of-the-art studies reported in the scientific literature and feedback received from the field experts...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30440751/automatic-surgical-skill-rating-using-stylistic-behavior-components
#10
Marzieh Ershad, Robert Rege, Ann Majewicz Fey
A gold standard in surgical skill rating and evaluation is direct observation, which a group of experts rate trainees based on a likert scale, by observing their performance during a surgical task. This method is time and resource intensive. To alleviate this burden, many studies have focused on automatic surgical skill assessment; however, the metrics suggested by the literature for automatic evaluation do not capture the stylistic behavior of the user. In addition very few studies focus on automatic rating of surgical skills based on available likert scales...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30427897/moral-and-affective-film-set-maafs-a-normed-moral-video-database
#11
Caitlin H McCurrie, Damien L Crone, Felicity Bigelow, Simon M Laham
Moral psychology has relied nearly exclusively on text stimuli in the development and testing of theories. However, text stimuli lack the rich variety of morally-relevant social and contextual cues available in everyday interactions. A consequence of this pervasive ecological invalidity may be that moral psychological theories are mischaracterized by an overreliance on cue-impoverished moral stimuli. We address this limitation by developing a cue-rich Moral and Affective Film Set (MAAFS). We crowd-sourced videos of moral behaviours, using previously validated text stimuli and definitions of moral foundations as a guide for content...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402214/when-collective-knowledge-meets-crowd-knowledge-in-a-smart-city-a-prediction-method-combining-open-data-keyword-analysis-and-case-based-reasoning
#12
Ohbyung Kwon, Yun Seon Kim, Namyeon Lee, Yuchul Jung
One of the significant issues in a smart city is maintaining a healthy environment. To improve the environment, huge amounts of data are gathered, manipulated, analyzed, and utilized, and these data might include noise, uncertainty, or unexpected mistreatment of the data. In some datasets, the class imbalance problem skews the learning performance of the classification algorithms. In this paper, we propose a case-based reasoning method that combines the use of crowd knowledge from open source data and collective knowledge...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401671/calorie-estimation-from-pictures-of-food-crowdsourcing-study
#13
Jun Zhou, Dane Bell, Sabrina Nusrat, Melanie Hingle, Mihai Surdeanu, Stephen Kobourov
BACKGROUND: Software designed to accurately estimate food calories from still images could help users and health professionals identify dietary patterns and food choices associated with health and health risks more effectively. However, calorie estimation from images is difficult, and no publicly available software can do so accurately while minimizing the burden associated with data collection and analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of crowdsourced annotations of calorie content in food images and to identify and quantify sources of bias and noise as a function of respondent characteristics and food qualities (eg, energy density)...
November 5, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30382454/estimated-population-size-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-san-francisco-2017
#14
Henry F Raymond, Willi McFarland, Paul Wesson
Current population size estimates of communities at risk for HIV are needed to adequately plan interventions and care. We update the estimated number of men who have sex with men (MSM) living in San Francisco. Multiple data sources and approaches, including population growth, registered HIV cases, wisdom of the crowd, and a published estimate on the proportion of adults who are MSM were used for estimation. The several estimates were synthesized into a final figure with acceptable bounds using a Bayesian method...
October 31, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30374466/subdiffusion-of-loci-and-cytoplasmic-particles-are-different-in-compressed-escherichia-coli-cells
#15
Shi Yu, Julian Sheats, Pietro Cicuta, Bianca Sclavi, Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino, Kevin D Dorfman
The complex physical nature of the bacterial intracellular environment remains largely unknown, and has relevance for key biochemical and biological processes of the cell. Although recent work has addressed the role of non-equilibrium sources of activity and crowding, the consequences of mechanical perturbations are relatively less explored. Here we use a microfabricated valve system to track both fluorescently labeled chromosomal loci and cytoplasmic particles in Escherichia coli cells shortly after applying a compressive force, observing the response on time scales that are too sudden to allow for biochemical response from the cell...
2018: Communications biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350505/-surveillance-and-risk-assessment-system-of-schistosomiasis-epidemic-focus-in-hankou-marshland-of-wuhan-city
#16
Kong Shi-Bo, Huang Ya-Dong, Tan Xiao-Dong, Xie Yao-Fei, Zhang Yu-Peng
OBJECTIVE: To construct a monitoring and risk assessment system of schistosomiasis epidemic focus in marshland, so as to grasp the risk of schistosomiasis transmission, and to provide the technical support for targeted prevention and control measures. METHODS: The crowd and the risk source of schistosomiasis in Hankou marshland in Wuhan City were monitored to grasp the risk factors of schistosomiasis. The risk level was evaluated by the three-dimensional risk matrix and three-dimensional visualization method...
August 28, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349618/the-connection-of-pollen-concentrations-and-crowd-sourced-symptom-data-new-insights-from-daily-and-seasonal-symptom-load-index-data-from-2013-to-2017-in-vienna
#17
Katharina Bastl, Maximilian Kmenta, Markus Berger, Uwe Berger
Background: Online pollen diaries and mobile applications nowadays allow easy and fast documentation of pollen allergy symptoms. Such crowd-sourced symptom data provides insights into the development and the onset of a pollen allergy. Hitherto studies of the symptom load index (SLI) showed a discrepancy between the SLI and the total pollen amount of a season, but did not analyze the daily data. Methods: The Patient's Hayfever Diary (PHD) was used as data pool for symptom data...
2018: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30332848/strength-of-crowd-soc-defeating-a-reactive-jammer-in-iot-with-decoy-messages
#18
Savio Sciancalepore, Gabriele Oligeri, Roberto Di Pietro
We propose Strength of Crowd (SoC), a distributed Internet of Things (IoT) protocol that guarantees message broadcast from an initiator to all network nodes in the presence of either a reactive or a proactive jammer, that targets a variable portion of the radio spectrum. SoC exploits a simple, yet innovative and effective idea: nodes not (currently) involved in the broadcast process transmit decoy messages that cannot be distinguished (by the jammer) from the real ones. Therefore, the jammer has to implement a best-effort strategy to jam all the concurrent communications up to its frequency/energy budget...
October 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324064/lipoaugmentation-following-implant-removal-preferred-by-plastic-surgeons-and-the-general-public
#19
Sarah A Mess
Background: Breast implant removal followed by fat transfer to the breast (lipoaugmentation) is a newer procedure and as such there is a need for empirical aesthetic comparisons between breast augmentation with implants versus fat transfer. Fat transfer to the breast is becoming an important option for women seeking reoperation of breast augmentation. Methods: A survey was created using standardized before and after photographs of 12 patients who underwent implant removal and lipoaugmentation...
August 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321173/benefits-of-crowd-sourced-gps-information-for-modelling-the-recreation-ecosystem-service
#20
Coline Byczek, Pierre-Yves Longaretti, Julien Renaud, Sandra Lavorel
Modelling cultural ecosystem services is an enduring challenge, raising issues about the integration and spatialization of immaterial values and benefits, and their contingency on local preferences. Building on the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum framework, we present a novel methodology for assessing the recreation service using GPS tracks downloaded from crowd-sourced websites: the Grelou model (Georeferencing REcreation in Local OUtdoors), here applied to the Grenoble living area (French Alps). GPS tracks revealed the complete spatial extent of visitor presence and enabled modelling visitation networks for ten recreation activities with great spatial accuracy, thus providing a spatial estimate of recreational multifunctionality-expressed as the sum of networks...
2018: PloS One
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