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Nutrition And Dietician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082117/the-role-of-nutrition-in-ageing-a-narrative-review-from-the-perspective-of-the-european-joint-action-on-frailty-advantage-ja
#1
REVIEW
Branko Gabrovec, Gregor Veninšek, Luz López Samaniego, Ana Maria Carriazo, Eleftheria Antoniadou, Marjetka Jelenc
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is sufficient evidence that nutrition and frailty status are related. In order to deliver quality management of frail and pre-frail patients, clinicians and dieticians should understand the role of nutrition in the concept of frailty. This study examines the role of nutrition in ageing in general, malnutrition and the risk of frailty, individual nutritional factors as the risk factors of frailty and lastly nutritional interventions that have a significant role in frailty...
August 3, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077689/critical-care-of-the-adult-cystic-fibrosis-patient
#2
REVIEW
Christopher S King, A Whitney Brown, Shambhu Aryal, Kareem Ahmad, Scott Donaldson
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multi-organ, genetic disease resulting from dysfunction of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The primary clinical manifestations are bronchiectasis, chronic pulmonary infections with recurrent exacerbations, and pancreatic insufficiency. Advances in CF care have led to improved survival with over half of those affected being adults. As a result, adult pulmonary and critical care physicians will increasingly be involved in the care of these patients. Patients with CF are at risk for numerous conditions that require intensive care unit admission including respiratory failure, massive hemoptysis, pneumothorax, hepatic failure, and bowel obstruction...
August 2, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058620/-the-importance-of-diet-in-the-prevention-of-adverse-reactions-to-vitamin-k-dependent-anticoagulants
#3
EDITORIAL
Małgorzata Kluch, Małgorzata Górska-Ciebiada, Katarzyna Łokieć
Due to the increasing number of patients suffering from cardiovascular diseases, the number of patients started on anticoagulants is also rising. Diet is a modifiable factor of effective treatment. It is of particular importance due to the strong correlation of anticoagulants with vitamin K, other diet components and drug-food interactions in long-term treatment. Chronic treatment with anticoagulants may precipitate a number of adverse reactions, and following an appropriate diet may minimise the side effects of drugs that alter blood coagulation...
July 30, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30040322/-undernourished-in-hospital
#4
Cora F Jonkers, Maarten R Soeters
Patients with a positive undernutrition screening score stay in hospital 1.4 days longer, with more associated complications and costs. A paper elsewhere in this journal describes the implementation of a novel in-hospital meal service resulting in improved protein and energy intake. Patient satisfaction was maintained and to some extent improved. However, the paper shows the difficulty of improving food intake in hospitalized patients. This may be due to factors such as illness-induced anorexia, poor nurse and physician nutritional awareness, and lack of a clear financial incentive...
July 13, 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039517/outpatient-preoperative-oral-nutritional-support-for-undernourished-surgical-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Harm H J van Noort, Roelof Ettema, Hester Vermeulen, Getty Huisman de Waal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of preoperative nutritional support using a regular diet for undernourished surgical patients at the outpatient clinic. BACKGROUND: Undernutrition (or malnutrition) in surgical patients has severe consequences i.e. more complications, longer hospital stay, and decreased quality of life. While systematic reviews show the effects of oral nutritional supplements (ONS), enteral and parenteral nutrition in surgical patients, the effects of normal foods and regular diets remain unclear...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022349/perceptions-of-dutch-health-care-professionals-on-weight-gain-during-chemotherapy-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#6
J Th C M de Kruif, M B Scholtens, J van der Rijt, M R de Boer, M M G A van den Berg, Y C de Vries, R M Winkels, M Visser, E Kampman, M J Westerman
PURPOSE: Dutch Health care professionals (HCPs) provide little information concerning health risks associated with weight gain during chemotherapy for breast cancer. Women with breast cancer have specified the need for more information on nutrition and physical activity to deal with weight gain. The aims of this study were to assess the perceptions of Dutch HCPs on weight gain during chemotherapy and in addition evaluate whether and what kind of information on dietary intake and physical activity HCPs provide to prevent/treat weight gain during (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy...
July 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991966/the-podpad-project-a-podiatry-led-integrated-pathway-for-people-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-the-uk-a-pilot-study
#7
Lisa Farndon, John Stephenson, Oliver Binns-Hall, Kayleigh Knight, Sally Fowler-Davis
Background: Peripheral arterial disease affects the lower limb and is associated with diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking and obesity. It increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It can be symptomatic causing intermittent claudication, but often there are few clinical signs. Podiatrists are able to detect the presence of peripheral arterial disease as part of their lower limb assessment and are well placed to give advice on lifestyle changes to help reduce disease progression...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922111/how-does-the-utilization-of-diabetes-dietitian-and-educator-service-in-saudi-arabia-affect-glycemic-outcomes
#8
Saad M Alshareef, Mujahed A Alkhathlan, Abdullah A Alwabel, Abdulkarim A Al-Bawardi, Abdulrahman H Alqarni, Ali S Almuryidi, Ibrahim N Altuwaim, Monther Khalid Alhabib, Omar A Almuzaini, Turki S Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: Despite the acknowledgment that the services of diabetes educator and dietician affect outcome, the level of utilization of these services in the Saudi Arabian public health-care system is not known. The aims of the study were to establish the percentage of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) followed up by a diabetic educator and a dietician in a tertiary center in Saudi Arabia and associations between follow-up by a diabetic educator and a dietician and glycemic control...
May 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908686/advanced-practice-nursing-nutrition-nurse-specialist-role-and-function
#9
Kurt Boeykens, Ann Van Hecke
BACKGROUND: Different disciplines should be represented in Nutritional Support Teams, e.g. a physician, dietician, pharmacist and a nurse. The latter one can function as an Advanced Practice Nurse, which implicates that he or she must have sufficiently thorough knowledge, attitudes and competences to fulfill the profile of a nutritional expert in the field of clinical nutrition. METHODS: Description of the scope of practice, education and added value related to a Nutrition Support Nurse, based on detailed published competency profiles...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905766/adherence-to-geriatric-assessment-based-recommendations-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-belgium
#10
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895254/investigating-information-needs-of-saudi-diabetic-patients
#11
Irfan Anjum Manarvi, Nader Mahr Matta
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that newly diagnosed diabetic patients need a lot of information about medical examinations, checkups, tests and precautions for its control besides its disastrous effects on heart, kidneys, eyes, foot and nerves etc. Patients in Saudi Arabia are generally not aware of most of the information they may need which is one the major reasons of its increasing number of patients. Past studies conducted are based on clinical data of hospitals and health care centers only discussed its effects...
June 11, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889230/sarcopenia-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
Eanna Ryan, Daniel McNicholas, Ben Creavin, Michael Eamon Kelly, Tom Walsh, David Beddy
Background: Sarcopenia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in oncologic and transplant surgery. It has a high incidence in chronic inflammatory states including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The validity of existing data in IBD and of sarcopenia's correlation with surgical outcomes is limited. Methods: We performed a systematic review to assess the correlation of sarcopenia with the requirement for surgery and surgical outcomes in patients with IBD...
June 7, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881627/mighty-mums-a-lifestyle-intervention-at-primary-care-level-reduces-gestational-weight-gain-in-women-with-obesity
#13
Karin Haby, Marie Berg, Hanna Gyllensten, Ragnar Hanas, Åsa Premberg
Background: Obesity (BMI ≥30) during pregnancy is becoming an increasing public health issue and is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) further increases the risks of adverse outcomes. However, lifestyle intervention can help pregnant women with obesity to limit their GWG. This study evaluated whether an antenatal lifestyle intervention programme for pregnant women with obesity, with emphasis on nutrition and physical activity, could influence GWG and maternal and perinatal outcomes...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779808/is-multi-level-marketing-of-nutrition-supplements-a-legal-and-an-ethical-practice
#14
Diana Cardenas, Vanessa Fuchs-Tarlovsky
BACKGROUND: Multi-level marketing (MLM) of nutrition products has experienced dramatic growth in recent decades. 'Wellness' is the second most popular niche in the MLM industry and represents 35% of sales among all the products in 2016. This category includes dietary supplements, weight management and sports nutrition products. The aim of this paper is to analyse whether this practice is legal and ethical. METHODS: An analysis of available documentary information about the legal aspects of Multi-level marketing business was performed...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746975/nutrition-status-bone-mass-density-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#15
Shannon Kindilien, Elle M Goldberg, Melissa H Roberts, Diana Gonzales-Pacheco
The association between selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) use and bone mass density (BMD) has been debated. Inadequate diet, which may occur in depressed individuals prescribed SSRIs is also associated with decreased BMD. This study seeks to determine if SSRI use in adults is associated with lower than average BMD while controlling for nutrition related variables. Further, it investigates whether there are potential interactions between micronutrients and SSRI use on BMD. Adults, 655 with an SSRI prescription ≥180 days and 12,372 non-users, were identified in the 2005-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data...
August 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599903/liver-failure-caused-by-prolonged-state-of-malnutrition-following-bariatric-surgery
#16
Willem J Lammers, Antonie Jp van Tilburg, Jan A Apers, Janneke Wiebolt
Bariatric surgery is an effective tool in the treatment of patients with morbid obesity. In these case reports we describe 2 patients who developed liver failure after currently-practiced types of bariatric surgery, caused by a prolonged state of malnutrition provoked by psychiatric problems. Despite intensive guidance of a psychologist and dieticians after surgery, our patients deteriorated psychologically, resulting in a prolonged state of severe malnutrition and anorexia. Finally, a state of starvation was reached, passing a critical level of the liver capacity...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590680/nutrigenomic-information-in-the-openehr-data-set
#17
Priscila Alves Maranhão, Gustavo Marísio Bacelar-Silva, Duarte Nuno Gonçalves Ferreira, Conceição Calhau, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo João Cruz-Correia
BACKGROUND:  The traditional concept of personalized nutrition is based on adapting diets according to individual needs and preferences. Discussions about personalized nutrition have been on since the Human Genome Project, which has sequenced the human genome. Thenceforth, topics such as nutrigenomics have been assessed to help in better understanding the genetic variation influence on the dietary response and association between nutrients and gene expression. Hence, some challenges impaired the understanding about the nowadays important clinical data and about clinical data assumed to be important in the future...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570147/nutrition-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-position-paper-on-behalf-of-the-porto-inflammatory-bowel-disease-group-of-the-european-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#18
Erasmo Miele, Raanan Shamir, Marina Aloi, Amit Assa, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Lissy de Ridder, Johanna C Escher, Iva Hojsak, Sanja Kolaček, Sibylle Koletzko, Arie Levine, Paolo Lionetti, Massimo Martinelli, Frank Ruemmele, Richard K Russell, Rotem Sigall Boneh, Johan van Limbergen, Gigi Veereman, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A growing body of evidence supports the need for detailed attention to nutrition and diet in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to define the steps in instituting dietary or nutritional management in light of the current evidence and to offer a useful and practical guide to physicians and dieticians involved in the care of pediatric IBD patients. METHODS: A group of 20 experts in pediatric IBD participated in an iterative consensus process including 2 face-to-face meetings, following an open call to Nutrition Committee of the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Porto, IBD Interest, and Nutrition Committee...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561571/-management-of-obesity-associated-dyslipidemia-an-approach-based-on-food-choices
#19
Richard Mbundu Ilunga, Céline Helbling, Lucie Favre, Tinh-Hai Collet
Obesity is associated with elevated levels of triglycerides, sometimes LDL-cholesterol, and lower levels of HDL-cholesterol. Management should first focus on dietary advices and increased physical activity, while lipid-lowering drugs are indicated only in patients at intermediate or high cardiovascular risk. We summarize nutritional recommendations from scientific societies: although they do not always overlap, they agree on lowering consumption of dietary fat (20-35 % of total energy intake) and favoring non-saturated fatty acids...
March 21, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486208/meat-in-the-post-truth-era-mass-media-discourses-on-health-and-disease-in-the-attention-economy
#20
Frédéric Leroy, Malaika Brengman, Wouter Ryckbosch, Peter Scholliers
The debate on meat's role in health and disease is a rowdy and dissonant one. This study uses the health section of the online version of The Daily Mail as a case study to carry out a quantitative and qualitative reflection on the related discourses in mass media during the first fifteen years of the 21st century. This period ranged from the fall-out of the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) crisis and its associated food safety anxieties, over the Atkins diet-craze in 2003 and the avian flu episode in 2007, to the highly influential publication of the report on colon cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in 2015...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
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