Read by QxMD icon Read

Nutrition and Diabetics

Julius Fink, Masahito Matsumoto, Yoshifumi Tamura
Sedentary lifestyle and over-nutrition are the main causes of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the same causes are major triggers of hypogonadism. Many T2D patients show low testosterone levels while hypogonadal men seem to be prone to become diabetic. Testosterone plays a major role in the regulation of muscle mass, adipose tissue, inflammation and insulin sensitivity and is therefore indirectly regulating several metabolic pathways, while T2D is commonly triggered by insulin resistance, increased adipose tissue and inflammation, showing a negative correlation between testosterone levels and T2D...
August 14, 2018: Steroids
Dong Hoon Lee, NaNa Keum, Frank B Hu, E John Orav, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett, Edward L Giovannucci
Obesity, defined by body mass index (BMI), is a well-established risk factor of type 2 diabetes, but BMI has been criticized for its inability to discriminate fat mass and lean body mass. We examined the association between predicted fat mass and type 2 diabetes risk in two large US prospective cohorts, and compared the magnitude of the association with BMI and other obesity indicators. Validated anthropometric prediction equations previously developed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to estimate predicted fat mass and percent fat for 97,111 participants from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1987-2012) and the Nurses' Health Study (1986-2012) who were followed up for type 2 diabetes...
August 16, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
Kyungdo Han, Jun-Beom Park
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension is increasing worldwide and an association between fasting glucose/blood pressure and periodontitis has been suggested. The present study was performed to assess the association between fasting glucose and systolic/diastolic blood pressure on the prevalence of periodontitis in non-diabetic and non-hypertensive adults using nationally representative data. Subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate the combined effects of obesity/abdominal obesity and impaired fasting glucose...
August 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Namrata Sanjeevi, Leah M Lipsky, Tonja R Nansel
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to investigate relationships of inflammation and adiposity with bone mineral density (BMD) in youth with type 1 diabetes followed prospectively for 18 months. METHODS: Participants were youth with type 1 diabetes (n=136, 8-16.9 years) enrolled in an 18-month behavioral nutrition intervention trial. BMD of the total body, subtotal, lumbar spine, pelvis leg, arm and rib, percent body fat and percent trunk fat (by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry) and C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, were assessed at baseline, 12 and 18 months...
August 13, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Tami L Jakubowski, Tracy Perron, Anne Farrell, Carole Kenner, Christy Hullings
BACKGROUND: The Smart Nutrition and Conditioning for Kids (SNACK) program was developed in response to the 2010 Childhood Obesity Study () recognizing a 49% childhood obesity rate in Trenton New Jersey. Lifestyle influences contributing to childhood obesity and Type 2 diabetes mellitus include poor food choices, inadequate access to healthy foods, decrease in physical activity, and insufficient access to safe play environments. METHODS: Second-grade students were selected by teachers to be in the SNACK intervention group or a control group based on their classroom assignment...
September 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Jennifer Koviach-Côté, Alyssa L Pirinelli
As an important but underappreciated field, carbohydrate chemistry is a critical topic for undergraduate students to learn. With applications to nutrition, food science, and diabetes, carbohydrates provide real-world relevance to students. This review summarizes the literature of undergraduate laboratory experiments which use carbohydrates since the year 2000. Experiments explore important chemical concepts such as synthesis, kinetics, analysis, and computational chemistry. Experiments designed for general chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, and analytical chemistry at a variety of skill levels are presented...
August 16, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Jong Chul Won, Jae Hyuk Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Eun Seok Kang, Kyu Chang Won, Dae Jung Kim, Moon Kyu Lee
BACKGROUND: This report presents the recent prevalence and comorbidities related to diabetes in Korea by analyzing the nationally representative data. METHODS: Using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2013 to 2014, the percentages and the total number of subjects over the age of 30 years with diabetes and prediabetes were estimated and applied to the National Population Census in 2014. Diagnosis of diabetes was based on fasting plasma glucose (≥126 mg/dL), current taking of antidiabetic medication, history of previous diabetes, or glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≥6...
August 9, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
U Venkatesh, D K Srivastava, A K Srivastava, H C Tiwari
Introduction: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to control of TB worldwide. Adequate information on socioepidemiological factors and their interaction is required for its control. The aim was to study the social and epidemiological profile of MDR-TB patient in Gorakhpur division. Methodology: A cross-sectional study of 157 MDR-TB patients from Gorakhpur division admitted at DR-TB Center of a tertiary care center were interviewed during initiation of MDR-TB treatment using structured questionnaire and collected data were described using descriptive statistics...
May 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Pei Ching Foo, Ze Hong Lee, Chee Keong Chin, Sreeramanan Subramaniam, Bee Lynn Chew
Solanum melongena L. commonly known as the eggplant or brinjal comes from the family of Solanaceae, sharing the same ancestor with the tomato and potato. It is an economically important crop worldwide, being well studied for its medicinal properties, nutritional values and its role as an alternative model plant. The eggplant fruit has been previously used for treatments of various diseases such as bronchitis, asthma, arthritis and diabetes as well as its nutritive properties that are beneficial to the human diet...
July 2018: Tropical Life Sciences Research
Ilario Ferrocino, Valentina Ponzo, Roberto Gambino, Adriana Zarovska, Filomena Leone, Clara Monzeglio, Ilaria Goitre, Rosalba Rosato, Angelo Romano, Giorgio Grassi, Fabio Broglio, Maurizio Cassader, Luca Cocolin, Simona Bo
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a common pregnancy complication, is associated with an increased risk of maternal/perinatal outcomes. We performed a prospective observational explorative study in 41 GDM patients to evaluate their microbiota changes during pregnancy and the associations between the gut microbiota and variations in nutrient intakes, anthropometric and laboratory variables. GDM patients routinely received nutritional recommendations according to guidelines. The fecal microbiota (by 16S amplicon-based sequencing), was assessed at enrolment (24-28 weeks) and at 38 weeks of gestational age...
August 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
María Limones, Julio Sevillano, María G Sánchez-Alonso, Emilio Herrera, María Del Pilar Ramos-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have investigated the effect of maternal nutrition on metabolic programming of the offspring, the question whether a nutritional insult during early gestation favours an altered metabolic state of the mother that persists during the remainder period of pregnancy, when foetal growth is maximal, remains to be answered. METHODS: To address this issue, we analysed the effect of 40% food restriction during the first 12 days of gestation on glucose tolerance, as well as on liver and adipose tissue metabolism, in Sprague-Dawley pregnant rats...
August 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Shailima Rampogu, Saravanan Parameswaran, Mary Rampogu Lemuel, Keun Woo Lee
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is used as a spice throughout the world. It is known for its medicinal properties such as antidiabetic, anticarcinogenic, and immunological activities. The present study shows the properties and the nutritional quality of fenugreek seed extract and focuses on screening of active compounds in drug designing for type 2 diabetes and breast cancer. Quantitative analysis was used to calculate the percentages of protein, carbohydrates moisture, fatty acid, galactomannan, oil, and amino acid...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: Clinical hyper and hypothyroidism are associated with a risk for depression. OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and subclinical thyroid dysfunction. METHODS: Among the 7,550 subjects who participated in the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1,763 participants without overt thyroid disease were included in this study. Serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), serum free thyroxine (fT4), and depressive symptoms were analyzed based on the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9)...
2018: PloS One
Velibor Čabarkapa, Mirjana Djerić, Milena Mitrović, Sunčica Kojić-Damjanov, Ivana Isakov, Bojan Vuković, Djordje Popović
In both types of diabetes mellitus (DM), type 1 and type 2 (T1DM and T2DM), there are both endocrine and exocrine dysfunctions of the pancreas (PED), as well as disturbances in serum magnesium levels. The aim of this study was to examine the frequency of PED according to the level of fecal elastase-1 (FE-1) in patients with T1DM and T2DM, determining the correlation of the level of FE-1 with certain anthropometric parameters, certain indicators of metabolic regulation of diabetes, and certain nutritive markers of PED...
February 1, 2018: Magnesium Research: Official Organ of the International Society for the Development of Research on Magnesium
Chao Liu, Jiaojiao Shi, Jun Guo
Purpose: Aerobactin is a critical factor for hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) in genetic backgrounds, but data based on the genotype for the elderly is limited. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted on elderly patients from June 2008 to July 2017 in 2 teaching hospitals. The clinical and microbiological data, including antimicrobial susceptibility testing, string test, extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) production, virulence gene, and multilocus sequence typing, of the hvKp group defined as aerobactin positive were compared with those of classic K...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
J Salas-Salvadó, M Bulló, N Babio, M Á Martínez-González, N Ibarrola-Jurado, J Basora, R Estruch, M I Covas, D Corella, F Arós, V Ruiz-Gutiérrez, E Ros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2018: Diabetes Care
Jinan Banna, Andrea Bersamin
BACKGROUND: Indigenous peoples of the United States disproportionately experience chronic diseases associated with poor nutrition, including obesity and diabetes. While chronic disease related health disparities among Indigenous people are well documented, it is unknown whether interventions adequately address these health disparities. In addition, it is unknown whether and to what extent interventions are culturally adapted or tailored to the unique culture, worldview and nutrition environments of Indigenous people...
August 13, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Marilena Vitale, Maria Masulli, Ilaria Calabrese, Angela Albarosa Rivellese, Enzo Bonora, Stefano Signorini, Gabriele Perriello, Sebastiano Squatrito, Raffaella Buzzetti, Giovanni Sartore, Anna Carla Babini, Giovanna Gregori, Carla Giordano, Gennaro Clemente, Sara Grioni, Pasquale Dolce, Gabriele Riccardi, Olga Vaccaro
This study evaluates the relation of a Mediterranean dietary pattern and its individual components with the cardiovascular risk factors profile, plasma glucose and body mass index (BMI) in people with type 2 diabetes. We studied 2568 participants at 57 diabetes clinics. Diet was assessed with the EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) questionnaire, adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated with the relative Mediterranean diet score (rMED). A high compared to a low score was associated with a better quality of diet and a greater adherence to the nutritional recommendations for diabetes...
August 10, 2018: Nutrients
Julia B Greer, Phil Greer, Bimaljit S Sandhu, Samer Alkaade, C Mel Wilcox, Michelle A Anderson, Stuart Sherman, Timothy B Gardner, Michele D Lewis, Nalini M Guda, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Darwin Conwell, Gregory A Cote, Christopher E Forsmark, Peter A Banks, Gong Tang, Kim Stello, Andres Gelrud, Randall E Brand, Adam Slivka, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav
BACKGROUND: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) patients frequently experience malabsorption and maldigestion, leading to micronutrient and macronutrient deficiencies. Comorbid diabetes and lifestyle habits, such as alcohol consumption, may impact nutrition status. METHODS: We compared micronutrient antioxidant, bone metabolism, serum protein, and inflammatory marker levels in 301 CP patients and 266 controls with no known pancreatic disease. We analyzed serum prealbumin and retinol binding protein; vitamins A, D, E, and B12; osteocalcin; tumor necrosis factor-α; and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Anu Kajal, Randhir Singh
Traditional herbal medicines are attaining more popularity and are being widely practiced. Coriandrum sativum L. is one of the oldest herbal medicinal plants valued for its nutritional and medicinal properties. Present investigation was focussed on evaluation of attenuating potential of flavonoid rich extract of C. sativum (FCS) seeds against pathogenic markers of diabetic complications i.e . advanced glycation end products (AGEs), sorbitol and aldose reductase (ALR); by using in-vitro methods. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and Infrared spectroscopy of FCS revealed the presence of different flavonoids...
2018: Toxicology Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"