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Nutrition and Diabetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30550460/ce-addressing-food-insecurity-in-vulnerable-populations
#1
Heather L Flores, Azita Amiri
A review of risk factors, health effects, screening, and resources. ABSTRACT: Food insecurity affects people of all ages, in every area in which nurses work or volunteer. The U.S. Department of Agriculture describes food insecurity as the lack of "consistent, dependable access to adequate food for active, healthy living." The health effects of food insecurity include, but are not limited to, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, low birth weight, depression, and anxiety. Food insecurity is associated with single parenthood, low socioeconomic status, having three or more children, having low educational attainment, being a member of a racial or ethnic minority, renting a home, living in a city, and having a disabled household member...
December 12, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30549178/integrating-a-genome-wide-association-study-with-a-large-scale-transcriptome-analysis-to-predict-genetic-regions-influencing-the-glycaemic-index-and-texture-in-rice
#2
Roslen Anacleto, Saurabh Badoni, Sabiha Parween, Vito M Butardo, Gopal Misra, Rosa Paula Cuevas, Markus Kuhlmann, Trinidad P Trinidad, Aida C Mallillin, Cecilia Acuin, Anthony R Bird, Matthew K Morell, Nese Sreenivasulu
Reliably generating rice varieties with low glycaemic index (GI) is an important nutritional intervention given the high rates of Type II diabetes incidences in Asia where rice is staple diet. We integrated a genome-wide association study (GWAS) with a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) to determine the genetic basis of the GI in rice. GWAS utilized 305 re-sequenced diverse indica panel comprising ~2.4 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) enriched in genic regions. A novel association signal was detected at a synonymous SNP in exon 2 of LOC_Os05g03600 for intermediate-to-high GI phenotypic variation...
December 13, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30547663/-critically-ill-patient-enteral-nutrition-in-the-21st-century
#3
Sergio Ruiz Santana
In order to make estimations on the evolution and near future of enteral nutrition in critically ill adult patients, we have revised the current clinical practices based on the latest guidelines for the provision and assessment of enteral nutrition support therapy. Once revised the suggested guideline recommendations we proceed to discuss the major recently published studies concerning these guidelines. Finally, we commented on several uncertainty areas highlighting priorities for clinical research in the near future...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30546973/relationship-between-thyroid-hormone-levels-and-mean-platelet-count-and-volume-quantitative-assessment
#4
Sardar H Ijaz, Shakeel M Jamal, Rehan Qayyum
Background The hormones of the hypophysis-thyroid axis (HTA), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid hormones, L-thyroxine (T4) and 3, 3', 5-L-triiodothyronine (T3), modulate the metabolism, differentiation, and proliferation of almost every cell in the body. Several studies have examined the effect of HTA hormones on platelet count and mean platelet volume (MPV), but have reported inconsistent results. Our aim was to examine the association between HTA hormones and platelet count and MPV in a large cohort of the adult population of the United States...
October 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545233/-critically-ill-patient-enteral-nutrition-in-the-21st-century
#5
Sergio Ruiz Santana
In order to make estimations on the evolution and near future of enteral nutrition in critically ill adult patients, we have revised the current clinical practices based on the latest guidelines for the provision and assessment of enteral nutrition support therapy. Once revised the suggested guideline recommendations we proceed to discuss the major recently published studies concerning these guidelines. Finally, we commented on several uncertainty areas highlighting priorities for clinical research in the near future...
April 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540003/consumption-of-dietary-intake-markers-by-patients-with-diabetes-assessed-using-a-mobile-application
#6
Maria Cristina Zanchim, Vanessa Ramos Kirsten, Ana Carolina Bertoletti De Marchi
The aim of this study was to assess the consumption of dietary intake markers in patients with diabetes using a mobile application. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 younger and older adult type 2 diabetes patients in treatment in a hospital in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data was collected using the Diabetes Food Control app. The chi-squared test was used to measure the association between adequate consumption of healthy and unhealthy markers and the variables investigated by the study adopting a 5% significance level...
December 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30538239/paternal-grandfather-s-access-to-food-predicts-all-cause-and-cancer-mortality-in-grandsons
#7
Denny Vågerö, Pia R Pinger, Vanda Aronsson, Gerard J van den Berg
Studies of animals and plants suggest that nutritional conditions in one generation may affect phenotypic characteristics in subsequent generations. A small number of human studies claim to show that pre-pubertal nutritional experience trigger a sex-specific transgenerational response along the male line. A single historical dataset, the Överkalix cohorts in northern Sweden, is often quoted as evidence. To test this hypothesis on an almost 40 times larger dataset we collect harvest data during the pre-pubertal period of grandparents (G0, n = 9,039) to examine its potential association with mortality in children (G1, n = 7,280) and grandchildren (G2, n = 11,561) in the Uppsala Multigeneration Study...
December 11, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30536202/polyneuropathy-in-severely-obese-women-without-diabetes-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
Lisiane Stefani Dias, Otto Henrique Nienov, Fernanda Dapper Machado, Camila Perlin Ramos, Daiane Rodrigues, Rodrigo Koprovsky Menguer, Helena Schmid
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its complications are prevalent in women and increase with age. Polyneuropathy (PNP) is a complication of obesity and bariatric surgery (BS). In subjects with severe (grades II and III) obesity and without DM who are candidates for BS, the prevalence of PNP and associated conditions are not well characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PNP in severely obese (SO) women without DM or common nutritional deficiencies in order to determine factors associated with the presence of PNP...
December 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30532105/-efectos-sobre-el-perfil-metab%C3%A3-lico-el-%C3%A3-ndice-de-masa-corporal-la-composici%C3%A3-n-corporal-y-la-comorbilidad-en-adolescentes-con-obesidad-m%C3%A3-rbida-que-han-fallado-al-manejo-conservador-para-bajar-de-peso-operados-de-manga-g%C3%A3-strica-laparosc%C3%A3-pica-reporte-del
#9
Jaime Nieto-Zermeño, Ricardo Ordorica Flores, Blanca Del Río-Navarro, Betzabé Salgado-Arroyo, Jorge Mario Molina-Díaz
Introduction: Obesity is a world pandemic; in Mexico 3 out of 10 adolescents suffer from it. Conservative management of morbid obesity is not effective and bariatric surgery is the only useful therapy. International pediatric bariatric surgery series are scarce and in Mexico there is limited experience. Method: We analyze the metabolic repercussions, comorbidities and complications in our series of Mexican adolescents with morbid obesity who underwent a gastric sleeve between 2011 and 2015...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531665/-surgical-treatment-of-obesity-from-the-nutritional-point-opportunities-and-dangers
#10
EDITORIAL
Natalia Komorniak, Ewa Stachowska
Obesity is a civilization disease, which occurrence in the world population is gradually increasing. The basic causes of obesity include a sedentary lifestyle and energy-rich diet contributing to a positive energy balance. Methods of curing obesity contain the lifestyle modification, the pharmacological treatment and the surgical treatment. The bariatric surgery is a therapy that can be used among patients with BMI ≥40 or BMI ≥35 kg/m2 with comorbidities, e.g. hypertension, for whom previous treatment has been ineffective...
November 28, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530892/adiponectin-leptin-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-values-in-obese-children-important-markers-for-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Ramona F Stroescu, Otilia Mărginean, Teofana Bizerea, Mihai Gafencu, Adrian Voicu, Gabriela Doroș
Background Obesity is a chronic inflammatory disorder in which leptin, adiponectin and C-reactive protein (CRP) play an important role. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between markers of adiposity such as leptin, adiponectin and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in obese children, and to determine whether these adipokines are significant markers in defining metabolic syndrome (MetS) in pediatric population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of 1 year, between July 2013 and June 2014, on 122 cases of obesity in children diagnosed at the Louis Ţurcanu Emergency Hospital for Children Timişoara, in the departments of Diabetes and Nutritional Diseases, Endocrinology and Cardiology...
December 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528531/implications-of-scaling-up-cardiovascular-disease-treatment-in-south-africa-a-microsimulation-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
Sanjay Basu, Ryan G Wagner, Ronel Sewpaul, Priscilla Reddy, Justine Davies
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors-particularly hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and diabetes-have become an increasing concern for middle-income countries. Using newly available, nationally representative data, we assessed how cardiovascular risk factors are distributed across subpopulations within South Africa and identified which cardiovascular treatments should be prioritised. METHODS: We created a demographically representative simulated population for South Africa and used data from 17 743 respondents aged 15 years or older of the 2012 South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES) to assign information on cardiovascular risk factors to each member of the simulated population...
December 6, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30525841/nutrients-associated-with-diseases-related-to-aging-a-new-healthy-aging-diet-index-for-elderly-population
#13
Manuel Lozano Relaño, Lara Manyes, Juango Peiró, José María Ramada
INTRODUCTION: several indexes are used to measure the quality of nutrition in advanced ages. None of them were designed to evaluate nutrition to avoid disabilities in elderly population. OBJECTIVES: to retrieve from literature "nutrients and intakes" showing to be involved in aging, and propose a new index, considering this information, to evaluate the quality of nutrition for preventing diseases related to aging. METHODS: a bibliographic review was performed, retrieving information on nutrients associated with aging...
December 3, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522230/-the-effect-of-nutrition-intervention-on-the-body-composition-and-blood-glucose-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-complicated-with-overweight-and-obesity
#14
B Lin, Q B Yang, Y C Yu, Y F Wang, S Y Li, C Jin
Objective: To study the effect of nutrition intervention on the body composition and blood glucose in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with overweight and obesity. Methods: A total of 84 newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with overweight and obesity were selected from the department of endocrinology in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from April 2015 to December 2016. Basic information and body composition of these patients were collected and measured...
December 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521796/healthcare-providers-advice-on-lifestyle-modification-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-2016
#15
Igor Grabovac, Lee Smith, Sinisa Stefanac, Sandra Haider, Chao Cao, Thomas Waldhoer, Sarah E Jackson, Lin Yang
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare providers are encouraged to prescribe lifestyle modifications for preventing and managing obesity and associated chronic conditions. However, the pattern of lifestyle advice provision is unknown. We investigate the prevalence of advised lifestyle modification according to weight status and chronic conditions in a US nationally representative sample. METHODS: Adults 20-64 years (n=11,467) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Study between 2011 and 2016 were analyzed, with weight status, and chronic conditions (high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, osteoarthritis, coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus)...
December 3, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521539/association-between-metabolic-parameters-and-glomerular-hyperfiltration-in-a-representative-korean-population-without-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Sangmo Hong, Yun Mi Choi, Sung-Hee Ihm, Dooman Kim, Moon-Gi Choi, Jae Myung Yu, Eun-Gyoung Hong
AIMS: To investigate associations of glomerular hyperfiltration with other metabolic factors in a nationally representative dataset. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 15,918 subjects with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and urine albumin creation ratio (ACR) <30 mg/g, who participated in the 5th and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Hyperfiltration was defined as eGFR (CKD-EPI equation) exceeding the age- and sex-specific 95th percentile for healthy control subjects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517951/malnutrition-screening-in-outpatients-receiving-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#17
EDITORIAL
Oana A Tatucu-Babet, Emma J Ridley
Outpatients who receive hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) may represent a group at significant risk of malnutrition owing to the underlying conditions that are often treated with HBOT (e.g., non-healing diabetic wounds and radiation-induced skin injury). In this issue, See and colleagues provide new, preliminary evidence of the prevalence of malnutrition in a small group of HBOT outpatients treated in an Australian hospital, reporting that approximately one-third of patients receiving HBOT were at risk of malnutrition...
December 24, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30517652/a-multilevel-analysis-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-malawi-evidence-from-the-2015-16-malawi-demographic-and-health-survey
#18
Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Jane Flora Kazambwe
Background: Overweight and obesity are well-known risk factors for non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, some cancers and musculoskeletal disorders. In Malawi, the proportion of women who are overweight/obese has doubled, from 10% in 1992 to 21% in 2015-16. Therefore we aimed to explore the individual- and community-level factors associated with overweight and obesity among non-pregnant women of child-bearing age. Methods: Secondary analysis of the 2015-16 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey was conducted...
December 4, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515634/nutrition-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-populations-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Feiyue Deng, Anran Zhang, Catherine Chan
Developing culturally appropriate diabetes nutrition interventions for immigrants could be facilitated knowing what is successful in the home country and other relevant countries. The primary purpose of this scoping review was to identify the design and delivery methods of nutrition interventions for Chinese populations with type 2 diabetes, in their home countries and as immigrants to western countries. A total of 14 articles was retrieved and included. Overall, the approaches used in China often were modelled on intensive lifestyle programs although alternative strategies were also identified...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30515346/-vangueria-madagascariensis-fruit-tree-nutritional-phytochemical-pharmacological-and-primary-health-care-applications-as-herbal-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. is a plant species regarded as an important fruit tree and medicinal plant in sub-Saharan Africa. This study critically reviewed the nutritional value, phytochemistry, medicinal uses, and pharmacological properties of V. madagascariensis . Relevant information on food and medicinal uses of the species was collected from electronic databases such as ISI Web of Knowledge, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, OATD, Scopus, OpenThesis, PubMed, and Google Scholar, and preelectronic literatures were obtained from the university library covering the period 1966 to 2018...
2018: Scientifica
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