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suicide method

Maryam Azizpour, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nooredin Mohammadi, Abouali Vedadhir
PURPOSE: A history of suicide attempts is the most important predictor of suicide. The aim of this study was to understand the experience of women after suicide attempts. DESIGN AND METHODS: A purposive sampling method using semistructured in-depth interviews with seven Iranian women was implemented for data collection, and an interpretative phenomenological approach with the van Manen method was used for data analysis. FINDINGS: The main theme was "being at the center of attention," from which emerged two subthemes: "loved ones keeping an eye on them" and "rain of love...
December 2, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Mehmet Eskin, Fadia AlBuhairan, Mohsen Rezaeian, Ahmed M Abdel-Khalek, Hacer Harlak, Mayssah El-Nayal, Nargis Asad, Aqeel Khan, Anwar Mechri, Isa Multazam Noor, Motasem Hamdan, Ulker Isayeva, Yousef Khader, Alaa Al Sayyari, Albaraa Khader, Bahareh Behzadi, Cennet Şafak Öztürk, Laifa Annisa Hendarmin, Murad Moosa Khan, Salam Khatib
There is a scarcity of research on suicidal phenomena in the Muslim world. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the self-reported prevalence of suicidal thoughts, attempts and motives in 12 Muslim countries. A total of 8417 (54.4% women) university students were surveyed by means of a self-report questionnaire. Overall, 22% of the participants reported suicidal ideation and 8.6% reported attempting suicide. The odds of suicidal thoughts were elevated in Azerbaijan, Indonesia and Saudi Arabia, while reduced ORs were recorded in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Malaysia...
November 29, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Trevor A Pickering, Peter A Wyman, Karen Schmeelk-Cone, Chelsey Hartley, Thomas W Valente, Anthony R Pisani, Kelly L Rulison, Charles Hendricks Brown, Mark LoMurray
Background: Peer-led interventions have been applied to prevent various health behavior problems and may be an important complement to individual-level suicide prevention approaches. Sources of Strength trains student "peer leaders" in secondary schools to conduct prevention activities that encourage other students to build healthy social bonds and strengthen help-seeking norms. Prior work examining diffusion of peer-led programs has focused on youths' closeness to peer leaders but minimally on other factors such as connections to adults and suicidal behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Huan Zhang, Luyuan Niu, Fuxian Zhang, Nengwei Zhang, Qing Fan
BACKGROUND: In recent years, retrievable inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) have been increasingly used to prevent pulmonary embolism. However, these IVCFs are occasionally difficult to retrieve, and their long-term retention in the body can cause various complications. METHODS: A 22-year-old woman underwent a prophylactic IVCF placement for puerperal deep venous thrombosis six months ago. After several attempts, the filter could not be retrieved through the endovascular technique...
November 26, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Jatin Bodwal, Asit Kumar Sikary, Mohit Chauhan, Chittaranjan Behera
This case is of a suicide victim who purchased various drugs online using forged prescriptions after detailed research about the drugs to commit suicide. He left a suicide note giving details of his suicide methods and the reasons for it. He also denied any treatment and asked for euthanasia if he survived and remained in a vegetative state.
November 29, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
Tobias Teismann, Thomas Forkmann, Julia Brailovskaia, Paula Siegmann, Heide Glaesmer, Jürgen Margraf
Background/Objective: Depression and suicide ideation regularly occur together. Yet, little is known about factors that buffer individuals against the development of suicide ideation. The present study investigated, whether positive mental health buffers the association between depression and suicide ideation in a longitudinal study design. Methods: A total of 207 German students (70.3% female; age: M  = 26.04, SD  = 5.33) were assessed at a baseline evaluation and again twelve months later. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology: IJCHP
Valentina Bugelli, Mirella Gherardi, Martina Focardi, Vilma Pinchi, Stefano Vanin, Carlo Pietro Campobasso
Hanging is one of the most common methods of suicide worldwide. Despite the high incidence, only a little knowledge about the pattern of cadaver colonization by insects on hanging corpse is available. Different types of hanging can alter the body decomposition process as well as the pattern and rate of insect colonization. Two case studies where the hanging occurred with a similar postmortem interval of 34 days are described. The two bodies showed different patterns of insect colonization and decomposition scored using the Total Body Score (TBS) and the TBS for hanging (TBShang )...
2018: Forensic sciences research
Ashlea D Williams, Terryann C Clark, Sonia Lewycka
Objectives: To explore the relationships between Māori cultural identity, ethnic discrimination and mental health outcomes for Māori youth in New Zealand. Study Design: Nationally representative, anonymous cross-sectional study of New Zealand secondary school students in 2012. Methods: Secondary analysis of Māori students ( n = 1699) from the national Youth'12 secondary school students survey was undertaken. Theoretical development and exploratory factor analysis were undertaken to develop a 14-item Māori Cultural Identity Scale (MCIS)...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Lei-Hum Wee, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzaily Wahab, Uma Visvalingam, Seen Heng Yeoh, Ching Sin Siau
This study explored health-care workers' perception of patients' suicide intention and their understanding of factors leading to particular interpretations. Semistructured face-to-face in-depth interviews were conducted with 32 health-care workers from a general hospital in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Interview data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using the interpretative phenomenological analysis. The health-care workers were found to have four types of perceptions: to end life, not to end life, ambivalence about intention, and an evolving understanding of intention...
November 27, 2018: Omega
Kari I Aaltonen, Erkki Isometsä, Reijo Sund, Sami Pirkola
OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinally risk factors for suicide in depression, and gender differences in risk factors and suicide methods. METHOD: We linked data from (a) The Finnish Hospital Discharge Register, (b) the Census Register of Statistics Finland, and (c) Statistics Finland's register on causes of deaths. All 56 826 first-hospitalized patients (25 188 men, 31 638 women) in Finland in 1991-2011 with a principal diagnosis of depressive disorder were followed up until death (2587 suicides) or end of the year 2014 (maximum 24 years)...
November 27, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Finn Gjertsen, Silvia Bruzzone, Clare E Griffiths
Background: Suicide is a relatively rare incident. Nevertheless, parts of the literature on intentional self-harm behaviour state that suicide is one of the leading causes of death. We aimed to assess the evidence behind the statement that suicide is a leading cause of death across all ages, with reference to the methods of ranking causes of death. Methods: Two sets of data were used: For the European Union (EU) we used cause specific mortality statistics from the European Statistical Office (Eurostat) for the data-year 2014, and globally and for the WHO European Region we used data from Global Health Estimates (GHE) 2015...
June 2019: Journal of Global Health
Haesoo Kim, Se Won Kwon, Yong Min Ahn, Hong Jin Jeon, Subin Park, Jin Pyo Hong
For more than 10 years, the suicide rate in South Korea has been the highest among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Suicide-prevention strategies, such as restricting access to lethal suicide methods, have been implemented in Korea. In this paper, we discuss suicide-prevention strategies that restrict access to the five leading methods for committing suicide: pesticide ingestion, inhalation of charcoal fumes, jumping from heights, placing oneself in front of moving subway trains, and hanging oneself by the neck...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Kyle Hill, Kathryn Van Eck, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere-Hinton, Mary Cwik
Previous literature is severely limited in evaluation of psychometric properties of suicide screening methods in American Indian (AI) populations, despite the disproportionate burden of suicide faced within AI communities. The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire-Junior (SIQ-JR) for AI youth using 2 community samples of AI adolescents from a Southwestern tribe. The present study sample was comprised of 114 participants (n = 91 and n = 23), ages 10-19 years of age, from 2 studies, both of which were administered the SIQ-JR within 90 days of an index suicide attempt...
November 26, 2018: Psychological Services
Marios Adamou, Grigoris Antoniou, Elissavet Greasidou, Vincenzo Lagani, Paulos Charonyktakis, Ioannis Tsamardinos, Michael Doyle
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been considered an important public health issue for years and is one of the main causes of death worldwide. Despite prevention strategies being applied, the rate of suicide has not changed substantially over the past decades. Suicide risk has proven extremely difficult to assess for medical specialists, and traditional methodologies deployed have been ineffective. Advances in machine learning make it possible to attempt to predict suicide with the analysis of relevant data aiming to inform clinical practice...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till
BACKGROUND: Little is known about presenting problems of primary posters (i.e., posters opening the thread) and their responders in nonprofessional against-suicide and pro-suicide message boards. AIMS: We aimed to compare problems described in suicide message boards between different types of users (primary posters and respondents) and between against-suicide, neutral, and pro-suicide message boards. METHOD: In all, 1,182 archival threads with 20,499 individual postings from seven nonprofessional suicide message boards supporting an against-suicide, neutral, or pro-suicide attitude were randomly selected...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
Christopher D Corona, Peter M Gutierrez, Barry M Wagner, David A Jobes
BACKGROUND: An important consideration when conducting randomized controlled trials is treatment differentiation. Direct observation helps ensure that providers in different treatment groups are delivering distinct interventions. One direct observation method is the use of a measure to rate clinician performance when delivering an intervention. AIMS: This generalizability study evaluated the reliability of the CAMS Rating Scale (CRS), a measure used to assess delivery of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS)...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
Michael Maes, Ana Congio, Juliana Brum Moraes, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Gerwyn Morris, Basant K Puri, Ana Paula Michelin, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
Background Early life trauma (ELT) may drive mood disorder phenomenology, nitro-oxidative pathways and impairments in semantic memory. There are no data regarding the impact of ELT on affective phenomenology and whether these pathways are mediated by staging or lowered lipid-associated antioxidant defences. Methods This study examined healthy controls (n=54) and patients with affective disorders including major depression, bipolar disorder and anxiety disorders (n=118). ELT was assessed using the Child Trauma Questionnaire...
November 20, 2018: Biomolecular Concepts
Taylor Lensch, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Roy F Oman, Minggen Lu, Amanda Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that youth assets have a protective influence on many risk behaviours. However, the relationship between youth assets and adolescent suicide ideation is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to determine if youth assets were prospectively associated with suicide ideation. METHODS: Four waves of data were collected from 1111 youth and their parents living in randomly sampled census tracts that were stratified by income and race/ethnicity using census data...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Lamiae Grimaldi-Bensouda, Lucien Abenhaim
The systematic case-referent method is a special case-referent design originally developed for pharmacoepidemiologic research purposes. It consists in the systematic collection of series of incident cases of various disorders and the assembling of a general reference pool, from which "controls" are secondarily selected to be matched to specific cases. Both series are collected independently from each other and with no a priori hypothesis to be investigated. The reference pool can be either general or limited to a subpopulation, representative of the source population of the cases...
October 26, 2018: Thérapie
Chia-Yi Wu, Ming-Been Lee, Shih-Cheng Liao, Chih-Hung Ko
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The American Psychiatric Association has published the diagnostic criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) in the 5th Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) for further studies to clarify IGD and related concepts of internet addiction. The study aims to investigate the prevalence and psychosocial correlates of internet addictive disorder (IAD) in the general population using the framework of IGD criteria. METHODS: A nationwide survey was conducted using a computer-assisted telephone interview of residents aged 15 and older selected by a stratified proportional randomizing method...
November 19, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
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