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"Acute Coronary Syndrome" OR "ACS"

Christopher R Carpenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Yun Xiao, Shuyi He, Zhiwei Zhang, Hongjian Feng, Sini Cui, Jun Wu
BACKGROUND For coronary artery disease, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the preferred treatment. Reperfusion injury is a common and serious complication of PCI. Studies showed that early statin therapy has a favorable prognostic impact for patients undergoing PCI. However, the effects of statins on improving post-PCI myocardial perfusion are still unclear. In this study we evaluated the potential effect of high-dose statin pretreatment on postprocedure myocardial perfusion and MACE rate in patients receiving PCI...
December 17, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Libin An, Wentao Li, Hongling Shi, Xiaohua Zhou, Xin Liu, Huina Wang, Ju Liu, Shuqin Fan
BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute coronary syndrome is increasing in China. OBJECTIVE: To investigate gender differences in Chinese patients' acute coronary syndrome symptoms, attribution of symptoms and reasons for seeking medical service. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, multicentre study. Acute coronary syndrome patients were recruited from five university hospitals located in four cities, between June 2013 and February 2014. Data were collected using the McSweeney acute and prodromal myocardial infarction symptom survey...
December 17, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Ana Teresa Timóteo, Tiago Mendonça, Sílvia Aguiar Rosa, António Gonçalves, Ramiro Carvalho, Maria Lurdes Ferreira, Rui Cruz Ferreira
Background: In previous guidelines, acute coronary syndromes (ACS) with new or presumably new left bundle branch block (LBBB) were an indication for reperfusion treatment, preferably with primary angioplasty. Recent guidelines also included the presence of right bundle branch block (RBBB) in this recommendation. It was our objective to evaluate in a population of patients with ACS the differential impact of RBBB and LBBB in prognosis. Methods: Consecutive patients included prospectively in a single-centre registry of ACS were included in the study...
March 2019: IJC Heart & Vasculature
Takayuki Takeda, Hideki Itano, Ryo Wakasa, Masahiko Saitoh, Sorou Takeda
Central airway obstruction caused by cancer requires urgent interventional pulmonology. Malignant main carinal involvement is one of the most challenging situations, usually treated by rigid bronchoscopic intervention under general anaesthesia. However, these patients tend to be in poor condition due to underlying malignancy. Therefore, less-invasive strategies are needed. Six patients with lung cancer exhibiting malignant carinal involvement treated using the 'side-by-side' method of bilateral self-expandable metallic stents using fibre-optic bronchoscopy under topical anaesthesia were retrospectively investigated...
February 2019: Respirology Case Reports
Ryo Shirahama, Takamichi Ono, Suguru Nagamatsu, Daisuke Sueta, Seiji Takashio, Tadasuke Chitose, Koichiro Fujisue, Kenji Sakamoto, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Koichi Kaikita, Seiji Hokimoto, Mika Hori, Mariko Harada-Shiba, Ichiro Kajiwara, Hisao Ogawa, Kenichi Tsujita
The low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) level of a 38-year-old man diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome was 257 mg/dL. The administration of a proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) antibody in addition to rosuvastatin plus ezetimibe was initiated, reducing his LDL-C level to 37 mg/dL. A genetic analysis revealed both an LDL receptor (LDLR) mutation and a PCSK9 V4I mutation. Nine months after revascularization, intravascular ultrasound revealed plaque regression in the coronary arteries...
2018: Internal Medicine
Jonathan A Harounian, Vijay A Patel, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors and determine perioperative morbidity of children under 2 years of age undergoing cervical abscess drainage. METHODS: Patients who underwent cervical abscess drainage 1-18 years of age were queried via the ACS-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database (2012-2015). Analyzed outcomes include length of stay, operative time, readmission/reoperation rate, and postoperative complications. RESULTS: A total of 2181 children were identified, 858 were <2 (51...
January 2019: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Isaac Subirana, Francisco Fernández Avilés, Roberto Elosua, Rosa-María Lidón, David García-Dorado, Jaume Marrugat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
Jonathan Weyerbacher, Lewis Jacobson, Jonathan Saxe
BACKGROUND: TQIP quality measures as currently defined on occasion provide discordant conclusions. A recent TQIP report of an urban level one-trauma center suggested a low employment of ICP monitoring while also demonstrating aggressive implementation of ICP monitoring (ave. within 90 min of arrival). This apparent contradiction leads to the question; Does TQIP define correctly the patient cohort who would most benefit from ICP monitoring? METHODS: A retrospective IRB approved review of all patients reported to TQIP with severe TBI was performed at an ACS verified level one trauma center...
October 28, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Mrinmoy Karmakar, Himarati Mondal, Manas Mahapatra, Pijush Kanti Chattopadhyay, Sandipan Chatterjee, Nayan Ranjan Singha
Pectin (PC)-g-[methacrylic acid (MAA)-co-3-(N-isopropylacrylamido)-2-methylpropanoic acid (NIPAMPA)-co-N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPA)] (i.e., PC-g-TP), a novel interpenetrating terpolymer network hydrogel of excellent physicochemical properties and reusability, was synthesized via grafting of PC and in situ strategic protrusion of third monomer, i.e., NIPAMPA, during polymerization of MAA and NIPA, using response surface methodology optimized amounts of ingredients and temperature, for superadsorption of hazardous metal ions, such as Cd(II), Hg(II), and Pb(II)...
February 15, 2019: Carbohydrate Polymers
P Damman, J J Piek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
Paola Caroline Lacerda Leocádio, Penélope Lacrísio Dos Reis Menta, Melissa Tainan Silva Dias, Júlia Rodrigues Fraga, Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Itamar Souza Santos, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Isabela Martins Bensenor, Jacqueline Isaura Alvarez-Leite
Inflammation is very important in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) as well as in cardiac remodeling after an acute myocardial infarction (MI). Our study examined the prognostic value of Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) in patients with ACS in the ERICO (Strategy of Registry of Acute Coronary Syndrome) study. We evaluated serum samples from 803 patients. The prognostic value of CCL2 was evaluated at the 2-year follow-up, according to cutoff points established by the median. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression were used for analysis of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and a combined outcome of fatal myocardial infarction or new non-fatal MI...
January 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Martina C de Knegt, Morten Haugen, Jesper J Linde, Jørgen Tobias Kühl, Børge G Nordestgaard, Lars V Køber, Jens D Hove, Klaus F Kofoed
PURPOSE: Quantitative computed tomography (QCT) provides important prognostic information of coronary atherosclerosis. We investigated intraobserver and interobserver QCT reproducibility in asymptomatic individuals, patients with acute chest pain without acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and patients with acute chest pain and ACS. METHODS: Fifty patients from each cohort, scanned between 01/02/2010-14/11/2013 and matched according to age and gender, were retrospectively assessed for inclusion...
2018: PloS One
Snezana Stolic, Frances Lin, Marion Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Poorly managed acute coronary syndrome symptoms increase the risk of subsequent cardiovascular events. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of symptom management patient education on the knowledge of sublingual nitroglycerin for people with acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was used to evaluate the 3-resource intervention. The study was conducted in a 448-bed Australian public hospital...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Brittany N Hand, Andrea D Boan, Catherine C Bradley, Jane M Charles, Laura Arnstein Carpenter
Ambulatory care sensitive (ACS) admissions are those for which effective primary care can prevent the need for emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient hospitalizations, and are an indicator of primary care access. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or intellectual disability (ID) may be at higher risk for ACS admissions than individuals in the general population due to difficulty accessing primary care. The objective of this study was to compare the incidence of ACS admissions among four cohorts of individuals aged 2-24 years: ASD without co-occurring ID (ASD-only), ASD with co-occurring ID (ASD + ID), ID without ASD (ID-only), and population controls (PC)...
December 14, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Mario Iannaccone, Fabrizio D'ascenzo, Fabio Piazza, Michele De Benedictis, Baldassarre Doronzo, Michael Behnes, Roberto Garbo, Kambis Mashayekhi
INTRODUCTION: The optimal management of patients with coronary chronic total occlusions (CTO) remains controversial. This meta-analysis aims to compare percutaneous coronary intervention of CTO (CTO-PCI) versus optimal medical therapy (OMT) in CTO patients. METHODS: A literature search with highly specific terms was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Web of Science to identify most relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies with propensity score matching (PSM) evaluating differences in between CTO-PCI versus OMT...
December 13, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Penghao Li, Peng Li, Matthew R Ryder, Zhichang Liu, Charlotte L Stern, Omar K Farha, Fraser Stoddart
We describe an example of "interpenetration isomerism" in three-dimensional (3D) hydrogen-bonded organic frameworks (HOFs). By exploiting the crystallization conditions for a peripherally extended triptycene H6PET, we can modulate the interpenetration of the assembled frameworks, yielding a two-fold interpenetrated structure PETHOF-1 (acs-2c topology) and a five-fold interpenetrated structure PETHOF-2 (acs-5c topology) as "interpenetration isomers". In PETHOF-1, two individual nets are related by inversion symmetry and form an interwoven topology with a strikingly large guest-accessible volume of about 80%...
December 11, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Smitha S Bhaumik, Caitlyn Placek, R Kochumoni, T R Lekha, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Brian Hitsman, Mark D Huffman, Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan, Shifalika Goenka
Tobacco cessation is an important intervention to reduce mortality from ischemic heart disease, the leading cause of death in India. In this study, we explored facilitators, barriers, and cultural context to tobacco cessation among acute coronary syndrome (ACS, or heart attack) patients and providers in a tertiary care institution in the south Indian state of Kerala, with a focus on patient trajectories. Patients who quit tobacco after ACS expressed greater understanding about the link between tobacco and ACS, exerted more willpower at the time of discharge, and held less fatalistic beliefs about their health compared to those who continued tobacco use...
December 14, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Emma Thomas, Mojtaba Lotfaliany, Sherry L Grace, Brian Oldenburg, C Barr Taylor, David L Hare, Wp Thanuja Rangani, Ds Anoja F Dheerasinghe, Dominique A Cadilhac, Adrienne O'Neil
BACKGROUND: Ageing populations and increasing survival following acute coronary syndrome has resulted in large numbers of people living with cardiovascular disease and at high risk of hospitalizations. Rising hospital admissions have a significant financial cost to the healthcare system. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether cardiac rehabilitation is protective against long-term hospital readmission (frequency and length) following acute coronary syndrome...
December 14, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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