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"Basic Life Support" OR "BLS"

Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa, Manuela Pinto Tibúrcio, Gabriela de Sousa Martins Melo, José Eugênio Lopes Leite, Rodrigo Assis Neves Dantas, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres
OBJECTIVE: to describe the content construction and validation process of the Distance Education Basic Life Support Course. METHOD: methodological study, developed through literature review, outlined in the light of the Bloom's Taxonomy and Ausubel's Meaningful Learning Theory. For validation, the analysis was performed with judges, using a structured tool. RESULTS: the construction of the distance course was complex and challenging, since it was tried to develop it with logical-methodological coherence, considering the constructivist perspective, representing an advance in the process of dissemination of the Urgency and Emergency teaching culture...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Na R Yun, Min C Joo, Seungchan Kim, Min-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Some stroke patients are known to use nonparetic extremities to push toward the paretic side, a movement known as lateropulsion. Lateropulsion impairs postural balance and interferes with rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) on recovery from lateropulsion compared with conventional physical therapy (CPT). DESIGN: This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
December 3, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Sergio López-García, Santiago Martínez-Isasi, Aida Carballo-Fazanes, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Michael Ely, Elizabeth A Edgerton, Russell Telford, Kent Page, Craig Hemingway, Donald Vernon, Lenora M Olson
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric patients represent a small proportion of emergency medical services (EMS) calls, challenging providers in maintaining skills in treating children. Having structural capacity to appropriately diagnose and treat pediatric patients is critical. Our study measured the availability of off-line and on-line medical direction and recommended pediatric equipment at EMS agencies. METHODS: A Web-based survey was sent to EMS agencies in 2010 and 2013, and results were analyzed to determine availability of medical direction and equipment...
November 26, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ahmed Hussein Subki, Hatan Hisham Mortada, Mohammed Saad Alsallum, Ali Taleb Alattas, Mohammed Ali Almalki, Muhab Mohammed Hindi, Siham Hussein Subki, Wesam Awad Alhejily
BACKGROUND: Providing basic life support (BLS) at the site of an accident is crucial to increase the survival rates of the injured people. It is especially relevant when health care is far away. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to assess the BLS knowledge level of the Saudi Arabian population and identify influencing factors associated with level of knowledge about BLS. METHODS: Our study is a cross-sectional descriptive study, which was conducted using a self-administered online questionnaire derived from the BLS practice test...
November 28, 2018: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
M Hesami, A Gueddida, N Gomopoulos, H S Dehsari, K Asadi, S Rudykh, H-J Butt, B Djafari-Rouhani, G Fytas
Periodic materials with sub-micrometer characteristic length scale can provide means for control of propagation of hypersonic phonons. In addition to propagation stopbands for the acoustic phonons, distinct dispersive modes can reveal specific thermal and mechanical behavior under confinement. Here, we employ both experimental and theoretical methods to characterize the phonon dispersion relation (frequency versus wave vector). We employed Brillouin light scattering (BLS) spectroscopy to record the phonon dispersion in stratified multilayer polymer films...
January 25, 2019: Nanotechnology
Bruna Dessena, Paul C Mullan
Introduction: Child abuse is a common condition in the emergency centres of South Africa. It is critical for both prehospital emergency care practitioners and emergency centre-based emergency medicine registrars to be competent in screening, diagnosing, treating, and documenting child abuse. Our goal was to assess the knowledge of child abuse management in a sample of prehospital emergency care practitioners and emergency medicine registrars in Cape Town, South Africa. Methods: A mixed-methods approach of quantitative and qualitative data was used to survey a sample of 120 participants (30 emergency medicine registrars and 90 prehospital emergency care practitioners: 30 Basic Life Support, 30 Intermediate Life Support, and 30 Advanced Life Support)...
June 2018: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Revue Africaine de la Médecine D'urgence
Jean-Paul Veronese, Lee Wallis, Rachel Allgaier, Ryan Botha
Introduction: Survival rates from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest significantly improve when high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is performed. Despite sudden cardiac arrest being a leading cause of death in many parts of the world, no studies have determined the quality of CPR delivery by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel in South Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the quality of CPR provision by EMS staff in a simulated setting. Methods: A descriptive study design was used to determine competency of CPR among intermediate-qualified EMS personnel...
March 2018: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Revue Africaine de la Médecine D'urgence
Yong Won Kim, Hyung Il Kim, Sung Oh Hwang, Yoon Seop Kim, Gyo Jin An, Kyoung Chul Cha
PURPOSE: Recent basic life support (BLS) guidelines recommend a 30:2 compression-to-ventilation ratio (CV2) or chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CC); however, there are inevitable risks of interruption of high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in CV2 and hypoxemia in CC. In this study, we compared the short-term outcomes among CC, CV2, and 30:1 CV ratio (CV1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 42 pigs were randomly assigned to CC, CV1, or CV2 groups...
December 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Johanna van Dawen, Lina Vogt, Hanna Schröder, Rolf Rossaint, Lina Henze, Stefan K Beckers, Saša Sopka
BACKGROUND: Training lay rescuers in Basic Life Support (BLS) is essential to improve bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rates; in addition, simple methods are needed to provide feedback on CPR performance. This study evaluated whether a simple observational checklist can be used by BLS instructors to adequately measure the quality of BLS performance as an alternative to other feedback devices. METHODS: The BLS performances of 152 first-year medical students (aged 21...
November 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Eun Jin Kim, Young Sook Roh
Basic life support instructors play an important role in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of basic life support education. However, little is known about basic life support instructors' competence. The aim of the present study was to identify basic life support instructors' competence attributes and assess their competence-based training needs according to their expertise. This was a descriptive survey study to identify the educational needs of basic life support instructors using importance and performance analysis...
November 15, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Lu Shen, Jun Shi, Bangming Gong, Yingchun Zhang, Yun Dong, Qi Zhang, Hedi An
Transcranial sonography (TCS) has become more popular for diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD), and the TCS-based computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) for PD also attracts considerable attention, in which classifier is a critical component. Broad learning system (BLS) is a newly proposed single layer feedforward neural network for classification. In BLS, the original input features are mapped to several new feature representations to form the feature nodes, and then these mapped features are expanded to enhancement nodes by random mapping in a wide sense...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Jordi Castillo, Carmen Gomar, Encarnación Rodriguez, Marta Trapero, Alberto Gallart
The use of online teaching methodology for basic life support (BLS) courses is progressively increasing. The objective of this study was to verify whether the blended-learning methodology (virtual course with a short face-to-face complement) was more efficient than a course that followed the classical or face-to-face methodology in our university. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cost minimization analysis was performed for two BLS and automatic external defibrillation (AED) courses, one of which was conducted face-to-face (Control Group) and the second of which was conducted via blended-learning (Experimental Group)...
November 11, 2018: Resuscitation
Julia Jaekel, Christian Sorg, Josef Baeuml, Peter Bartmann, Dieter Wolke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of infant and toddler head growth on intelligence scores from early childhood to adulthood in very preterm (<32 weeks gestational age; VP) and/or very low birth weight (<1500 g; VLBW) and term born individuals. METHODS: 203 VP/VLBW and 198 term comparisons were studied from birth to adulthood as part of the prospective geographically defined Bavarian Longitudinal Study (BLS). Head circumference was assessed at birth; 5, 20 months; and 4 years of age...
November 14, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Fernando Landreau, Oscar Valcarcel, Juan Noir, Guadalupe Pernía, María L Orzábal, Sergio Martínez, Alejandro Tobar, Mariana Isola, Mariano Núñez, Pablo Martínez, Cristian Cuellar, Federico Villagrán, Alberto Crescenti
As part of the emergency medical care system, helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have a different crew composition from the traditional team. HEMS consist of a pilot, doctor, and firefighter with rescue skills and training in basic life support on board an air ambulance. This allows the adaptation to different environments and increases the varieties of air procedures normally performed. HEMS began operating relatively recently in Buenos Aires. Yet, in 3 years, its use grew to such an extent that in 2015 it tripled, and by 2016 the number of medical assists was 4 times greater than in 2014...
November 2018: Air Medical Journal
Nicholas Asselin, Bryan Choi, Catherine C Pettit, Max Dannecker, Jason T Machan, Derek L Merck, Lisa H Merck, Selim Suner, Kenneth A Williams, Janette Baird, Gregory D Jay, Leo Kobayashi
INTRODUCTION: Protocolized automation of critical, labor-intensive tasks for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) resuscitation may decrease Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provider workload. A simulation-based assessment method incorporating objective and self-reported metrics was developed and used to quantify workloads associated with standard and experimental approaches to OHCA resuscitation. METHODS: Emergency Medical Services-Basic (EMT-B) and advanced life support (ALS) providers were randomized into two-provider mixed-level teams and fitted with heart rate (HR) monitors for continuous HR and energy expenditure (EE) monitoring...
December 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Zhihua Chen, Ting Gao, Bin Sheng, Ping Li, C L Philip Chen
Illumination is a significant component of an image, and illumination estimation of an outdoor scene from given images is still challenging yet it has wide applications. Most of the traditional illumination estimating methods require prior knowledge or fixed objects within the scene, which makes them often limited by the scene of a given image. We propose an optimization approach that integrates the multiclass cues of the image(s) [a main input image and optional auxiliary input image(s)]. First, Sun visibility is estimated by the efficient broad learning system...
November 2, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa, Manuela Pinto Tibúrcio, Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa, Rodrigo Assis Neves Dantas, Raphael Nepomuceno Galvão, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres
OBJECTIVE: To validate the content of a virtual learning object in the format of a Role Playing Game - educational simulation game about basic life support, aimed at academics and health professionals. METHOD: Methodological, construction and validation study with qualitative data approach on the content of a virtual learning object, conducted between August and September 2016. RESULTS: The game was developed in 13 screens, of which nine presented contents of basic life support, and the others presented general guidelines for progress in the game...
November 1, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Roshana Shrestha, Ashis Shrestha, Kabita Hada Batajoo, Rashmi Thapa, Samita Acharya, Sumana Bajracharya, Sanij Singh
INTRODUCTION: Basic life support is foundation to save lives. In contrast to the developed countries, there is still no national standard BLS training module in Nepal. Basic life support training is being provided by various institutions but lack in consistency and coordination. The Nepal basic life support Course is the video based training in Nepali language with reference to recent advances which was intended for all health care personnel of Nepal in urban as well as rural setting...
July 2018: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Theo Walther Jensen, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Søren Viereck, Jens Roland, Thomas Egesborg Pedersen, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Flensted Lassen, Fredrik Folke, Doris Østergaard, Freddy K Lippert
INTRODUCTION: Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest is highly associated with bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The quality of bystander CPR is influenced by citizens attending Basic Life Support (BLS) courses and the quality of these courses. The purpose of the study was to investigate content, quality and compliance with the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) guidelines in national Danish BLS courses and the skill retention. METHOD: Books from 16 different course providers were analyzed for compliance with guidelines using the principle of mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive questioning...
October 29, 2018: Resuscitation
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