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"Basic Life Support" OR "BLS"

Benjamin W Weston, Jamie Jasti, Melissa Mena, Jackson Unteriner, Kelly Tillotson, Ziyan Yin, M Riccardo Colella, Tom P Aufderheide
OBJECTIVE: Various continuous quality improvement (CQI) approaches have been used to improve quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) delivered at the scene of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We evaluated a post-event, self-assessment, CQI feedback form to determine its impact on delivery of CPR quality metrics. METHODS: This before/after retrospective review evaluated data from a CQI program in a midsized urban emergency medical services (EMS) system using CPR quality metrics captured by Zoll Medical Inc...
August 17, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Joséphine Escutnaire, François Ducrocq, Allison Singier, Valentine Baert, Evgéniya Babykina, Cyrielle Dumont, Christian Vilhelm, Jean-Baptiste Marc, Nicolas Segal, Eric Wiel, Pierre Mols, Hervé Hubert
OBJECTIVE: Survival rate of cardiac arrest due to hanging (H-CA) victims is low. Hence, this leads to the question of the utility of resuscitation in these patients. The objective was to investigate whether there are predictive criteria for survival with a good neurological outcome or predictive criteria for non-survival or survival with a poor neurological outcome enabling us to define the termination of resuscitation rules in these patients. METHODS: Between July 1, 2011 and January 1, 2016, we included 1,689 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests due to hanging...
August 17, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Vikramjeet Arora, Manju Bala, Sumit Chawla
Context: Basic life support (BLS) is a core life-saving skill which everyone should know, but knowledge of BLS is poor even among medical students. Aims: The aim of our study was to assess the knowledge regarding BLS among medical students and see impact of training and also to know whether a short session of video training made an impact on their cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills. Settings and Design: Ninety-two 2nd -year medical students were included in the study...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Jared Strote, Rachel Harper
OBJECTIVES: Many police officers receive medical training for limited assessments and interventions. In most situations where medical issues arise, however, emergency medical services (EMS) are called for evaluation, treatment, and transport. Given the limited amount of information about such encounters we examined officer calls for EMS help in a single system to better describe these encounters. METHODS: Requests for medical help from a fire-based EMS system by police in a moderate-sized city in 2014 and 2015 were identified...
August 15, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
G Anthony Fidacaro, Christopher W Jones, Lisa A Drago
OBJECTIVE: There are nearly 1000 annual ambulance crashes within the United States involving pediatric patients. In 2012 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration/US Department of Transportation released Best-Practice Recommendations for the Safe Transportation of Children in Emergency Ground Ambulances. The aim of our study was to measure emergency medical services (EMS) providers' knowledge and opinions of how to safely transport pediatric patients. In addition, we aimed to gather information on barriers to safe pediatric transport...
August 13, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Shuang Feng, C L Philip Chen
A novel neuro-fuzzy model named fuzzy broad learning system (BLS) is proposed by merging the Takagi-Sugeno (TS) fuzzy system into BLS. The fuzzy BLS replaces the feature nodes of BLS with a group of TS fuzzy subsystems, and the input data are processed by each of them. Instead of aggregating the outputs of fuzzy rules produced by every fuzzy subsystem into one value immediately, all of them are sent to the enhancement layer for further nonlinear transformation to preserve the characteristic of inputs. The defuzzification outputs of all fuzzy subsystem and the outputs of enhancement layer are combined together to obtain the model output...
August 10, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Laurens Doucet, Ruben Lammens, Sarah Hendrickx, Phillipe Dewolf
BACKGROUND: The importance of early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cannot be emphasized enough and has a major impact on survival. Unfortunately, CPR education in schools is often inadequate or non-existing due to lack of educators and financial resources. The introduction of application-based teaching could facilitate education as no instructor is needed. The aim of present study is to compare app-based self-teaching (intervention group) with a traditional instructor-led course (control group)...
August 14, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
Adriana Arza, Jorge Mario Garzón-Rey, Jesús Lázaro, Eduardo Gil, Raul Lopez-Anton, Conchita de la Camara, Pablo Laguna, Raquel Bailon, Jordi Aguiló
Social and medical problems associated with stress are increasing globally and seriously affect mental health and well-being. However, an effective stress-level monitoring method is still not available. This paper presents a quantitative method for monitoring acute stress levels in healthy young people using biomarkers from physiological signals that can be unobtrusively monitored. Two states were induced to 40 volunteers, a basal state generated with a relaxation task and an acute stress state generated by applying a standard stress test that includes five different tasks...
August 9, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Roberta Esposito, Maurizio Galderisi, Ciro Santoro, Massimo Imbriaco, Eleonora Riccio, Angela Maria Pellegrino, Regina Sorrentino, Maria Lembo, Rodolfo Citro, Maria Angela Losi, Letizia Spinelli, Bruno Trimarco, Antonio Pisani
Aims: Little is known about regional longitudinal strain (LS) distribution in early stages of Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) cardiomyopathy. We investigated regional left ventricular (LV) patterns of LS strain and base-to-apex behaviour of LS in treatment-naïve AFD patients. Methods and results: Twenty-three consecutive AFD patients at diagnosis and 23 healthy controls without cardiovascular risk factors and matched for age and sex to the patients, underwent a comprehensive evaluation of target organs...
August 6, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Jillian A Bristol, Reza Djavadian, Emily R Albright, Carrie B Coleman, Makoto Ohashi, Mitchell Hayes, James C Romero-Masters, Elizabeth A Barlow, Paul J Farrell, Rosemary Rochford, Robert F Kalejta, Eric C Johannsen, Shannon C Kenney
Latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection contributes to both B-cell and epithelial-cell malignancies. However, whether lytic EBV infection also contributes to tumors is unclear, although the association between malaria infection and Burkitt lymphomas (BLs) may involve excessive lytic EBV replication. A particular variant of the viral promoter (Zp) that controls lytic EBV reactivation is over-represented, relative to its frequency in non-malignant tissue, in EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinomas and AIDS-related lymphomas...
July 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Helen E Jack, Katherine E Warren, Sivakumar Sundaram, Galina Gheihman, John Weems, Ali S Raja, Emily S Miller
As opioid overdose deaths in the United States continue to climb, medical students must be prepared to prevent and treat opioid use disorder and opioid overdose. The administration of naloxone is an evidence-based way to reverse overdoses and save lives. At our medical school, a coalition of medical students, emergency medicine educators, and administrators worked together to permanently integrate naloxone rescue training into the Basic Life Support (BLS) curriculum required of all first-year medical students...
April 2018: AEM education and training
Melissa K James, Lavonne A Clarke, Rose M Simpson, Anthony J Noto, Joshua R Sclair, Geoffrey K Doughlin, Shi-Wen Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the accuracy of pre-hospital trauma notifications and the effects of inaccurate information on trauma triage. METHODS: This study was conducted at a level-1 trauma center over a two-year period. Data was collected from pre-notification forms on trauma activations that arrived to the emergency department via ambulance. Trauma activations with pre-notification were compared to those without notification and pre-notification forms were assessed for accuracy and completeness...
June 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jeong Ho Park, Sang Do Shin, Young Sun Ro, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Jeong Hong, Tae Han Kim, Eui Jung Lee, So Yeon Kong
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the effect of community implementation of a bundles of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) programs on outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: A before- and after-intervention study was performed in a metropolis. Emergency medical services (EMS)-treated adults and cardiac OHCAs were included. Three new CPR programs was implemented in January 2015: 1) a high-quality dispatcher-assisted CPR program (DACPR), 2) a multi-tier response (MTR) program using fire engines or basic life support vehicles, and 3) a feedback CPR (FCPR) program with professional recording and feedback of CPR process...
July 20, 2018: Resuscitation
Diane M Ryzner, Amber S Kujath
Orthopaedic nurses care for a range of patients with comorbid conditions, but because of the implementation of Rapid Response Teams, rarely do orthopaedic patients experience cardiac or respiratory arrest. Rapid Response Teams decrease emergent arrest situations on nursing units by intervening to treat clinical deterioration or move patients to a higher level of care prior to cardiac or respiratory arrest. Orthopaedic nurses still need to be prepared to act emergently with basic life support skills, which are only renewed every 2 years...
July 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
Dorela Priftanji, Michael J Cawley, Laura A Finn, James M Hollands, Diane W Morel, Laura A Siemianowski, Angela L Bingham
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy students' performance and retention of Basic Life Support (BLS) skills were evaluated 120 days after completion of a peer-led BLS training program. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: This was a single-center, parallel group, observational study. Doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students in their third professional year completed a peer-led BLS training program (n = 148) and participated in a high-fidelity mannequin simulation activity 120 days later...
June 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Ashlee N Mattingly, T Joseph Mattingly
BACKGROUND: Education, training, and certification requirements for pharmacy technicians are determined by individual state boards of pharmacy resulting in heterogeneity in the entry-level requirements to practice in the United States (US). OBJECTIVE: To determine an association between state-level registration/licensure requirements and salary for pharmacy technicians. METHODS: All 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC) were categorized into two groups, high regulation (HR) or low regulation (LR)...
July 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kim M J Alards, Hadi Rajaei, Rudie P J Kunnen, Federico Toschi, Herman J H Clercx
The angle of directional change of tracer trajectories in rotating Rayleigh-Bénard convection is studied as a function of the time increment τ between two instants of time along the trajectories, both experimentally and with direct numerical simulations. Our aim is to explore the geometrical characterization of flow structures in turbulent convection in a wide range of timescales and how it is affected by background rotation. We find that probability density functions (PDFs) of the angle of directional change θ(t,τ) show similar behavior as found in homogeneous isotropic turbulence, up to the timescale of the large-scale coherent flow structures...
June 2018: Physical Review. E
Cristina Jorge-Soto, Maite Abilleira-González, Martin Otero-Agra, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Lukasz Szarpak, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess future schoolteachers' basic life support (BLS) knowledge and willingness to include this content in school lessons. The aim was also to determine the learning effect of a brief BLS hands-on training session, supported by real-time feedback. METHODS: A convenience sample of 98 University students of Educational Sciences and Sports were recruited. The training program consisted of brief theoretical and hands-on interactive sessions with a 2/10 instructor/participants ratio...
July 16, 2018: Cardiology Journal
Esraa Ghanem, Muhammad Elgazar, Khaled Oweda, Hussein Tarek, Fathy Assaf, Mostafa Wanees Ahmed El-Husseny, Ahmed Elgebaly, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk
Introduction: It is important for all medical and paramedical staff to be aware of basic life support (BLS) maneuvers. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the level of BLS awareness among Egyptian medical students. Methods: The level of BLS knowledge was assessed using a validated questionnaire and the results were analyzed using an answer key, prepared from the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) manual. We used the Student's t-test to analyze the association between awareness level and year of study, previous BLS training and practical experience...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Changsun Kim, Hyuk Joong Choi, Hyungjun Moon, Giwoon Kim, Choungah Lee, Jin Sung Cho, Seongjung Kim, Kyoungmi Lee, Hanjoo Choi, Wonjung Jeong
OBJECTIVE: To compare the survival to discharge between nursing home (NH) cardiac arrest patients receiving smartphone-based advanced cardiac life support (SALS) and basic life support (BLS). METHODS: The SALS registry includes data on cardiac arrest from 7 urban and suburban areas in Korea between July 2015 and December 2016. We include adult patients (>18) with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of medical causes and EMS attended and dispatched in. SALS is an advanced field resuscitation including drug administration by paramedics with video communication-based direct medical direction...
July 9, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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