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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756329/a-patient-with-an-unusual-cyst-of-the-inter-atrial-septum-and-atrial-sepal-defect
#1
Daye Dong, Tongwei Zhu, Xingan Yang, Jia Zhu
Hepatic and renal cysts are relatively common among healthy people, but there are few published reports of primary cysts of the atrial septum. Here, we report a case of an unusual cyst of the atrial septum accompanied by atrial septal defect (ASD) in a 42-year-old woman. Microscopic examination showed the deposition of calcium salts within the tissue mass and an organized thrombus surrounded by a fibrous capsule. The case was discussed with reference to the relevant published literature and compared to other documented types of atrial septal cysts...
May 14, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751790/obliterative-cholangiopathy-in-acquired-cystic-biliary-atresia-type-iii-after-cyst-perforation-a-case-report
#2
Tsugumichi Koshinaga, Kensuke Ohashi, Kakou Ono, Hide Kaneda, Takeshi Furuya
BACKGROUND: In biliary atresia, the disease process of obliterative cholangiopathy may begin in the perinatal period; however, no chronological evidence exists on how the cholangiopathy progresses to biliary obliteration. This is the first acquired case with the final diagnosis of type III cystic biliary atresia with an extrahepatic biliary cyst which showed the progression of obliterative cholangiopathy in chronological order after birth. CASE PRESENTATION: An 81-day-old girl presented with acute abdominal distress due to bilious peritonitis caused by biliary cyst perforation, for which she underwent emergency biliary drainage...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750934/lung-hydatid-cyst-treatment-with-laparotomy-a-new-and-different-technique
#3
Yener Aydin, Ilker Ince, Atila Turkyilmaz, Atilla Eroglu
We present the case of a patient with a pulmonary hydatid cyst. The patient underwent laparotomy for hepatic and splenic cysts, and we performed cystotomy and capitonnage using a transdiaphragmatic intervention. The pulmonary hydatid cyst was located at the base of the lung and near the diaphragm. The diaphragm was cut about 5 cm at the front and the thorax was entered.The pulmonary cyst was treated intra-abdominally. This technique is effective and safe and prevents the patient from undergoing a second operation...
May 8, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750133/use-of-indirect-target-gating-in-magnetic-resonance-guided-liver-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-case-report-of-an-oligometastatic-patient
#4
Luca Boldrini, Francesco Cellini, Stefania Manfrida, Giuditta Chiloiro, Stefania Teodoli, Davide Cusumano, Bruno Fionda, Gian Carlo Mattiucci, Anna Maria De Gaetano, Luigi Azario, Vincenzo Valentini
The case of a 73-year-old woman affected by anal canal cancer with concomitant liver metastases is presented here. The patient was addressed to stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on two hepatic secondary lesions after the first radiochemotherapy treatment of the primary tumor. A Tri-60-Co magnetic resonance hybrid radiotherapy unit was used for SBRT treatment delivery. Both liver lesions were not clearly visible on the setup magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to their limited dimensions (maximum diameter 13 mm); however, the presence of two cysts adjacent to the metastases allowed the use of an indirect target gating approach...
March 9, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749991/pulmonary-embolism-as-a-rare-complication-of-liver-hydatid-cyst-report-of-two-cases
#5
Omar Toumi, Randa Salem, Sadok Ben Jabra, Ghedira Abdesslem, Faouzi Noomen, Abdel Aziz Hamdi
Hydatid cyst is a helminth infection. The rupture of a hepatic hydatid cyst in inferior vena cava is a rare and lethal complication. Pulmonary embolism is the commonest manifestation. The diagnosis of hydatid cyst is made by histopathological or serological examination, and imaging may suggest the probability of hydatid cyst. Surgical treatment should be performed with caution and always under vascular control. We present two cases of hydatid cyst ruptured into the inferior vena cava. The patients also presented with dyspnea, hemoptysis, and intermittent cough at the time of admission...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731770/renovascular-mistaken-as-essential-hypertension-due-to-giant-hepatic-hydatid-a-rare-treatable-entity
#6
Awaji Qasim Alnami, Liaqat Ali Khan, Said Samir Qeshta, Abdulrahman Alnami, Akram Awad, Waleed Mohalwi, Musa Tumaihi
Renovascular hypertension is an unusual but treatable cause of refractory hypertension that is infrequently caused by external compression of the renal vasculature by a giant hydatid cyst, a parasitic infection, caused by Echinococcus granulosus in its larval stage which is endemic in many parts of the world including Saudi Arabia. The disease can produce a cyst in almost every part of the body with the liver and lungs being the most frequently targeted organs producing a variety of symptoms depending upon the site and size of the cyst...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724648/lumbar-synovial-cyst-with-chronic-viral-hepatitis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#7
Sang Yoon Lee, Sohyun Kwon, Sun G Chung, Don-Kyu Kim, Shi-Uk Lee, Keewon Kim
Cystic dilatation of synovial sheath, one of the targets of extra-hepatic manifestations associated with liver disease, is a main pathologic finding of lumbar synovial cyst (LSC). However, LSCs are not well documented in correlation with chronic viral hepatitis. In this case series, three patients with chronic viral hepatitis presented with radiating pain in the unilateral lower extremities. On magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine, all had unilateral LSCs at the facet joint of the lumbar spine. Two did not have definite spinal instability at the LSC level...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708278/an-outbreak-of-toxoplasmosis-in-squirrel-monkeys-saimiri-sciureus-in-south-korea
#8
Hanseul Oh, Kyung-Yeon Eo, Sanjeev Gumber, Jung Joo Hong, C-Yoon Kim, Hyun-Ho Lee, Young-Mok Jung, Jin Kim, Gyu-Whan Whang, Ji-Min Lee, Yong-Gu Yeo, Bokyeong Ryu, Ji-Sook Ryu, Seul-Kee Lee, Ukjin Kim, Sin-Geun Kang, Jae-Hak Park
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is an intracellular protozoan parasite that can infect warm-blooded animals including humans. New World monkeys, such as squirrel monkeys, are more susceptible to T. gondii than Old World monkeys, often developing fatal disease. METHODS: In this study, seven of thirteen dead squirrel monkeys at Seoul Grand Park were tested to find the cause of sudden death. RESULTS: The main histopathological findings included interstitial pneumonia, necrotizing hepatitis, and splenitis...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708080/immunohistochemical-observation-of-local-inflammatory-cell-infiltration-in-the-host-tissue-reaction-site-of-human-hydatid-cysts
#9
R Jafari, B Sanei, A Baradaran, M Kolahdouzan, B Bagherpour, H Yousofi Darani
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of local immune cell infiltration in human cystic echinococcosis (CE) by identifying the subtypes of immune cells using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Fifty surgically removed hydatid cyst samples and surrounding tissues were collected from patients referred to Al-Zahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran. IHC was performed on the surrounding host tissue of hydatid cysts using anti-human CD3, CD19, CD8, CD4, CD68, CD56, Ki-67 and Foxp3 (forkhead box P3) antibodies. The results were then compared to hepatocellular carcinoma and chronic hepatitis...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696723/design-and-construction-of-a-new-recombinant-fusion-protein-2b2t-epc1-and-its-assessment-for-serodiagnosis-of-cystic-echinococcosis
#10
Saeid Fathi, Fatemeh Jalousian, Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Ali Najafi, Enayat Darabi, Faramarz Koohsar
The immunodiagnostic tests for cystic echinococcosis (CE) are mostly serological tests based on ELISA that use hydatid cyst antigens for primary screening because of its simple preparation and availability. The challenge to develop new serological methods (as compared to those based on the hydatid cyst fluid antigens) to meet the gold standard remains. Appropriate sources of antigenic material are necessary for application to improve the efficacy of immunodiagnostic tests at a population level. In the current study, a fusion protein containing the coding sequence of antigen B2t and two sequences of EPC1 antigen with some modifications was reconstructed...
May 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682390/hydatid-cyst-of-the-adrenal-gland-is-radical-surgery-necessary-for-recurrent-hydatid-disease
#11
Sami Akbulut, Mehmet Yilmaz
Hydatid cyst disease caused by E. granulosus is a zoonotic disease that may involve many body tissues and organs, mainly liver. Adrenal glands are rarely involved even in regions where hydatid cyst disease is endemic. A limited number of studies have been reported on adrenal gland involvement by hydatid cyst disease. Herein, we aimed to report a recurrent case of adrenal hydatid cyst that was misdiagnosed as a hepatic hydatid cyst. A 16-year-old boy with a history of partial cyst excision and evacuation for perforated adrenal hydatid cyst disease three years ago presented to our outpatient clinic with nonspecific abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679343/intraperitoneal-rupture-of-hepatic-hydatid-cysts
#12
Chong Yang, Hongji Yang, Shaoping Deng, Yu Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669332/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-regimen-in-the-treatment-of-genotype-1-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-in-patients-with-severe-renal-impairment-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-real-life-cohort
#13
Jan Sperl, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta, Klara Chmelova, Renata Senkerikova, Sona Frankova
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection reactivates under immunosuppressive drugs and therefore has a negative impact on long-term survival of kidney transplant recipients. Treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplant candidates prevents virus reactivation after transplantation. Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir with Dasabuvir (PrOD) represents a highly effective treatment regimen for HCV genotype 1 (GT1), also suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
April 13, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667414/type-v-biliary-cyst-with-cystolithiasis
#14
Martín Bailón Cuadrado, Pilar Pinto Fuentes, David Pacheco Sánchez, Trinidad Escudero Caro
We present the case of a 40-year-old female who presented to the General Surgery clinic due to a single episode of abdominal pain which required a visit to the Emergency Department. The patient had undergone surgery during childhood due to the suspicion of a hepatic hydatid cyst. However, an intraoperative cholangiography identified a small, non-complicated biliary cyst. Therefore, a hepatic resection was not performed. The patient did not undergo follow-up of the lesion.
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666719/endoscopic-treatment-of-colonic-duplication-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Rajat Garg, Louis D Saravolatz, Mohammed Barawi
Colonic duplication cysts are a rare congenital abnormality commonly presenting before two years of age. In adults, it has been rarely reported, most often as an incidental finding. We report a case of 42-year-old female complaining of constipation and lower abdominal pain. Patient's CT scan of the abdomen showed a cystic lesion at hepatic flexure and the diagnosis was confirmed endoscopically using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). The cyst was treated employing hot snare to expose the cyst cavity. On our literature search, there have been no reported cases of colonic duplication cyst treated endoscopically...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649857/oxidative-stress-and-hepatic-injury-induced-in-mice-fed-with-sarcocystis-hirsuta-cyst-extract
#16
Maryam Sasani, Reza Nabavi, Mohammad Reza Hajinezhad, Parisa Hasanein
We studies toxic effects of Sarcocystis hirsuta cyst extract in mice. Degenerative changes were found in the mice received fresh, frozen and heated S. hirsuta cyst extract. There were increases in the levels of serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase (AST and ALT) as well as hepatic and brain malondialdehyde (MDA) levels with a concomitant decrease in catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities of mice received fresh and frozen S. hirsuta extracts. Gavage feeding of heated S...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644060/infected-renal-cyst-presented-with-pleural-effusion-in-a-woman-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#17
Ester Casillas-Sagrado, Victor Burguera, Maria Eugenia Rioja-Martín, Maite Rivera-Gorrín
We present a 64-year-old woman with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and hepatic cysts admitted to our hospital for high fever, intense coughing and right abdominal pain. The chest X-ray showed right pleural effusion suggestive of pneumonia. An abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) were done but did not show evidence of cyst infection or other abdominal complications. A gallium-67-citrate single-photon emission CT/CT, a relatively cheaper technique than positron emission tomography/CT was performed...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615085/expression-patterns-of-stat3-erk-and-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-are-associated-with-development-and-histologic-severity-of-hepatic-steatosis-a-retrospective-study
#18
Euno Choi, Won Kim, Sae Kyung Joo, Sunyoung Park, Jeong Hwan Park, Yun Kyung Kang, So-Young Jin, Mee Soo Chang
BACKGROUND: Hepatic steatosis renders hepatocytes vulnerable to injury, resulting in the progression of preexisting liver disease. Previous animal and cell culture studies implicated mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and estrogen-receptor α in the pathogenesis of hepatic steatosis and disease progression. However, to date there have been few studies performed using human liver tissue to study hepatic steatosis...
April 3, 2018: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606500/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-counseling-in-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#19
Erin L Murphy, Madeline L Droher, Miriam S DiMaio, Neera K Dahl
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary forms of chronic kidney disease. Mutations within PKD1 or PKD2 lead to innumerable fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys and in some instances, end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Affected individuals have a 50% chance of passing the mutation to each of their offspring. Assisted reproductive technology using preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) allows these individuals to reduce this risk to 1% to 2%. We assess the disease burden of 8 individuals with ADPKD who have undergone genetic testing in preparation for PGD...
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602972/the-potential-role-of-toll-like-receptor-4-asp299gly-polymorphism-and-its-association-with-recurrent-cystic-echinococcosis-in-postoperative-patients
#20
Jafar Noori, Adel Spotin, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Tohid Kazemi, Ebrahim Sakhinia, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Firooz Shahrivar
The study of pathogenesis mechanisms of larval stages in the Taeniidae has recently focused on host genetic factors, particularly toll-like receptor (TLR) variations. However, the potential role of TLR4 polymorphism in hydatidosis has not yet been sufficiently elucidated in postoperative patients. In this case-control investigation, 80 patients from Iran, including 40 with acute hydatidosis (AH) and 40 with recurrent hydatidosis (RH), and 80 ethnically matched controls were evaluated from February 2015 to February 2017...
March 30, 2018: Parasitology Research
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