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Gallbladder disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803397/is-concomitant-cholecystectomy-necessary-for-asymptomatic-cholelithiasis-during-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#1
Samet Yardimci, Mumin Coskun, Salih Demircioglu, Aylin Erdim, Asim Cingi
BACKGROUND: There is not any consensus on concomitant cholecystectomy for asymptomatic gallbladder stones during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The aim of this study was to evaluate the surveillance results of the LSG patients who have asymptomatic gallbladder stones and did not undergo cholecystectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with preoperatively detected gallbladder stones and completed at least 6 months follow-up were included in the study...
August 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802164/agenesis-of-gall-bladder-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#2
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: Agenesis of gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of biliary tree that may be associated with other biliary and extra biliary congenital anomalies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43- year- old female presented with a 4 months history of upper abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. It was associated with dyspeptic symptoms and become worse following ingestion of high-fat meal contents. Clinically, a differential of gall stone disease was considered...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798003/neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-gall-bladder-a-rare-presentation-with-review-of-literature
#3
Amit Gupta, Parvez Ahmed, Prashant Durgapal, Pooja Kala, Shalinee Rao, Rajesh Pasricha, Sanjeev Misra
Neuroendocrine tumors are the rarest tumors of gallbladder. The most aggressive variant is neuroendocrine carcinoma which presents in about 0.5% of all gallbladder carcinomas and 0.2% of all neuroendocrine tumors. It seems possible that survival rates can be improved by utilizing wide surgical resection combined with chemotherapy. We report a case of neuroendocrine carcinoma of gall bladder in a 20-year old female patient. In present case, the etiology was not known as patient did not have cholelithiasis or any symptoms related to chronic inflammation...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782079/lymph-node-micrometastasis-in-gallbladder-cancer
#4
Swati H Shah, Nikhil Gupta, Gurudutt Gupta, Anurag Mehta, Shivendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of gallbladder cancer (GBC) is grim even after curative surgery. Lymph node metastasis is the most important prognostic factor, but distant relapses occurring in their absence point towards additional factor. Lymph node micrometastasis could be one. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of lymph node micrometastasis. METHODS: This is a prospective study of patients undergoing curative surgery for GBC from 1 March 2013 to 30 April 2015, at our institute...
August 7, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765975/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-improves-the-diagnostic-specificity-for-gallbladder-confined-focal-tumors
#5
Bowen Zhuang, Wei Li, Wei Wang, Manxia Lin, Ming Xu, Xiaoyan Xie, Mingde Lu, Xiaohua Xie
PURPOSE: To investigate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of malignant and benign focal gallbladder diseases confined to the gallbladder wall. METHODS: From July 2006 to May 2016, 88 patients (mean age 48.8 years; age range 18-77 years) were enrolled. All patients had focal gallbladder lesions confined to the gallbladder wall according to CEUS examination. The conventional ultrasound and CEUS characteristics of the lesions were evaluated, and diagnostic performance was evaluated via receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
August 1, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765338/periodontal-disease-and-incident-cancer-risk-among-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-cohort
#6
Ngozi N Nwizu, James R Marshall, Kirsten Moysich, Robert J Genco, Kathleen M Hovey, Xiaodan Mai, Michael J LaMonte, Jo L Freudenheim, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Background: Periodontal pathogens have been isolated from precancerous and cancerous lesions and also shown to promote a procarcinogenic microenvironment. Few studies have examined periodontal disease as a risk factor for total cancer, and none have focused on older women. We examined whether periodontal disease is associated with incident cancer among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.Methods: Our prospective cohort study comprised 65,869 women, ages 54 to 86 years. Periodontal disease information was obtained via self-report questionnaires administered between 1999 and 2003, whereas ascertainment of cancer outcomes occurred through September 2013, with a maximum follow-up period of 15 years...
August 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755953/kidney-toxicity-related-to-herbs-and-dietary-supplements-online-table-of-case-reports-part-3-of-5-series
#7
REVIEW
Amy Christine Brown
BACKGROUND: No tabular summary of potentially life-threatening, kidney-toxic dietary supplements (DS; includes herbs) based on PubMed case reports is currently available online and continually updated to forewarn United States consumers, clinicians, and companies manufacturing DS. The purpose of this review was to create an online research summary table of kidney toxicity case reports related to DS. METHODS: Documented PubMed case reports (1966 to May 2016, and cross-referencing) of DS appearing to contribute to kidney toxicity were listed in "DS Toxic Tables...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755468/association-between-gallbladder-ultrasound-findings-and-bacterial-culture-of-bile-in-70-cats-and-202-dogs
#8
R Policelli Smith, J L Gookin, W Smolski, M F Di Cicco, M Correa, G S Seiler
BACKGROUND: Bacterial cholecystitis often is diagnosed by combination of gallbladder ultrasound (US) findings and positive results of bile culture. The value of gallbladder US in determining the likelihood of bile bacterial infection in cats and dogs with suspected biliary disease is unknown. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of gallbladder US in predicting bile bacterial culture results, identify most common bacterial isolates from bile, and describe complications after cholecystocentesis in cats and dogs with suspected hepatobiliary disease...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754994/-1-h-nmr-based-investigation-of-metabolic-response-to-electro-acupuncture-stimulation
#9
Caigui Lin, Zhiliang Wei, Kian-Kai Cheng, Jingjing Xu, Guiping Shen, Chang She, Huan Zhong, Xiaorong Chang, Jiyang Dong
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine therapy that has been found useful for treating various diseases. The treatments involve the insertion of fine needles at acupoints along specific meridians (meridian specificity). This study aims to investigate the metabolic basis of meridian specificity using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR)-based metabolomics. Electro-acupuncture (EA) stimulations were performed at acupoints of either Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming (SMFY) or Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang (GMFS) in healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752405/extended-lymphadenectomy-is-required-for-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-independent-of-cystic-duct-lymph-node-status
#10
Eduardo A Vega, Eduardo Vinuela, Suguru Yamashita, Marcel Sanhueza, Gabriel Cavada, Cristian Diaz, Thomas A Aloia, Yun Shin Chun, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Masayuki Okuno, Claire Goumard, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Jeffrey E Lee, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: We examined whether the incidental cystic duct nodal status predicts the status of the hepatoduodenal ligament (D1) or common hepatic artery, the pancreaticoduodenal and paraaortic lymph nodes (D2), and the overall prognosis and thus indicates whether an oncologic extended resection (OER) is required. METHODS: The study included patients who underwent OER for incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC) during 1999-2015. Associations between a positive cystic duct node and D2 nodal status and disease-specific survival (DSS) were analyzed...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743097/less-is-more-an-outcome-assessment-of-patients-operated-for-gallstone-ileus-without-fistula-treatment
#11
Dario Tartaglia, Sohail Bakkar, Lorenzo Piccini, Jessica Bronzoni, Luigi Cobuccio, Andrea Bertolucci, Christian Galatioto, Massimo Chiarugi
BACKGROUND: The treatment of gallstone ileus (GI) consists of surgical removal of the impacted bilestone with or without cholecystectomy and repair of the biliodigestive fistula. The objective of this study was to assess whether sparing patients a definitive biliary procedure adversely influenced the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of GI were reviewed. Two groups were identified: patients who underwent a definitive biliary procedure with relieving the intestinal obstruction (group 1/G1) and those who did not have a definitive biliary procedure (group 2/G2)...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741196/how-safe-is-performing-cholecystectomy-in-the-oldest-old-a-15-year-retrospective-study-from-a-single-institution
#12
Matteo Novello, Davide Gori, Salomone Di Saverio, Matteo Bianchin, Lorenzo Maestri, Francesco Vito Mandarino, Giuseppe Cavallari, Bruno Nardo
BACKGROUND: Globally, the number of people aged 80 years or over, the "oldest old," is the fastest growing population group. Because of the strong association between age and gallstone disease, both prevalence and incidence of this disease are increasing. The feasibility of the cholecystectomy in octogenarians has been evaluated in several studies that confirmed the safety of the operation. However, the safety of this procedure in nonagenarians is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of cholecystectomies in nonagenarians and identify related predictors for postoperative hospital length of stay (LOS) and in-hospital mortality up to 30 days postoperatively...
July 24, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738935/pathologic-and-prognostic-implications-of-incidental-versus-nonincidental-gallbladder-cancer-a-10-institution-study-from-the-united-states-extrahepatic-biliary-malignancy-consortium
#13
Cecilia G Ethun, Nina Le, Alexandra G Lopez-Aguiar, Timothy M Pawlik, George Poultsides, Thuy Tran, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, Ryan C Fields, Bradley A Krasnick, Sharon M Weber, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles R Scoggins, Perry Shen, Harveshp D Mogal, Carl Schmidt, Eliza Beal, Ioannis Hatzaras, Rivfka Shenoy, Maria C Russell, Shishir K Maithel
Most gallbladder cancers (GBCs) are discovered incidentally after routine cholecystectomy. The influence of timing of diagnosis on disease stage, treatment, and prognosis is not known. Patients with GBC who underwent resection at 10 institutions from 2000 to 2015 were included. Patients diagnosed incidentally (IGBC) and nonincidentally (non-IGBC) were compared. Primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Of 445 patients with GBC, 266 (60%) were IGBC and 179 (40%) were non-IGBC. Compared with IGBC, non-IGBC patients were more likely to have R2 resections (43% vs 19%; P < 0...
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736630/current-biologics-for-treatment-of-biliary-tract-cancers
#14
REVIEW
Diana Y Zhao, Kian-Huat Lim
Biliary tract cancers (BTC) is a group of malignancies that arise from the epithelial cells of the biliary tree. These cancers are typically classified by anatomic site of origin: intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC), and gallbladder cancer (GBC). To date, complete surgical resection remains the mainstay of treatment especially for earlier stage disease. Unfortunately, most patients present with advanced or metastatic disease, when systemic chemotherapy is the only treatment option...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736626/molecular-landscape-and-sub-classification-of-gastrointestinal-cancers-a-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Bita Fakhri, Kian-Huat Lim
The historical approach of diagnosing cancer types based entirely on anatomic origin and histologic features, and the "one-size-fit-all" therapeutic approach, are inadequate in modern cancer treatment. From decades of research we now know that cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease driven by complex genetic or epigenetic alterations. The advent of various high throughput molecular tools has now enabled us to view and sub-classify each cancer type based on their distinct molecular features, in addition to histologic classification, with the promise of individualized treatment strategies tailored towards each specific subtype to improve patient outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735098/cholangiocytes-cell-transplantation
#16
REVIEW
Lorenzo Ridola, Maria Consiglia Bragazzi, Vincenzo Cardinale, Guido Carpino, Eugenio Gaudio, Domenico Alvaro
BACKGROUND: Due to significant limitations to the access to orthotropic liver transplantation, cell therapies for liver diseases have gained large interest worldwide. SCOPE OF REVIEW: To revise current literature dealing with cell therapy for liver diseases. We discussed the advantages and pitfalls of the different cell sources tested so far in clinical trials and the rationale underlying the potential benefits of transplantation of human biliary tree stem cells (hBTSCs)...
July 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733222/molecular-classification-of-hepatocellular-adenoma-in-clinical-practice
#17
REVIEW
Jean-Charles Nault, Valérie Paradis, Daniel Cherqui, Valérie Vilgrain, Jessica Zucman-Rossi
Hepatocellular adenomas (HCA) are rare benign liver tumors occurring in young women taking contraception. They are associated with rare complications such as bleeding or malignant transformation into hepatocellular carcinoma. A molecular classification has divided HCA in several subgroups linked with risk factors, clinical behaviour, histological features and imaging: HNF1A inactivated HCA, Inflammatory HCA, CTNNB1 mutated HCA in exon 3, CTNNB1 mutated in exon 7 and 8 HCA, sonic hedgehog HCA and unclassified HCA...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731820/uncommon-neoplasms-of-the-biliary-tract-radiological-findings
#18
Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Orlando Catalano, Salvatore Filice, Antonio Avallone, Mauro Piccirillo, Maddalena Leongito, Raffaele Palaia, Roberto Grassi, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo
OBJECTIVES: To report our cancer center experience in the biliary tumors incidence other than cholangiocellular-carcinoma (CCC), emphasizing the radiological features. METHODS: 197 patients with biliary disease undergoing Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were reviewed. Four radiologists evaluated retrospectively size, structure, anatomical site, and signal intensity of lesions on MRI. Enhancement-pattern during the arterial-, portal-, and late-phase on US, CT and MR study was assessed as well as the enhancement pattern during the hepatobiliary-phase on MRI...
July 21, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730246/spontaneous-cholecystocutaneous-fistula-as-a-primary-manifestation-of-gallbladder-adenocarcinoma-associated-with-gallbladder-lithiasis-case-report
#19
Bogdan Vasile Micu, Octavian Aurel Andercou, Carmen Maria Micu, Valentin Militaru, IonuŢ Isaia Jeican, Cătălina Ileana Bungărdean, Stelian ŞtefăniŢă Mogoantă, Dan Radu Miclăuş, Tudor Radu Pop
Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula (SCF) is a rare complication of neglected calculous biliary disease and also an extremely rare complication of gallbladder neoplasm. This pathology has become even rarer because of prompt diagnosis and expedient surgical intervention for gallstones. So far, there is one published report of a SCF due to gallbladder adenocarcinoma. We present the case of a woman aged 87 years, admitted to the Vth Department of Surgery, Clinical Municipal Hospital of Cluj-Napoca (Romania) for a tumoral mass located in the epigastrium...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719966/safety-and-complications-of-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound
#20
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has become an essential tool for the diagnostic and therapeutic intervention of gastrointestinal diseases. Beyond the drainage of fluid collections, it enables decompression of inaccessible bile and pancreatic ducts, the gallbladder, and the creation of anastomosis within the gastrointestinal tract using fully lumen-apposing stents. This review explored the safety and efficacy of these novel procedures and discussed the training pathway that is necessary to perform them efficiently and safely...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
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