Read by QxMD icon Read

Esophageal perforation

Bram D Vermeulen, Peter D Siersema
OPINION STATEMENT: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Esophageal stents are used in clinical practice for endoscopic treatment of a wide variety of esophageal diseases and conditions. This review provides key principles and a literature update on the utility and limitations of esophageal stenting in clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Indications for esophageal stenting can be subdivided into two groups. The first group consists of patients with malignant or benign dysphagia, in which an esophageal stent restores luminal patency...
March 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Yukihiro Kaneko, Ken-Ichi Oinuma, Tsuneko Terachi, Yasuaki Arimura, Mamiko Niki, Koichi Yamada, Hiroshi Kakeya, Tetsu Mizutani
A 53-year-old woman was hospitalized due to septic shock after developing pneumococcal pneumonia after undergoing esophageal cancer surgery. Her transverse colon became perforated after receiving antimicrobial chemotherapy; therefore, emergency subtotal colectomy was performed. Fungi detected in both her colon tissue and a drainage sample indicated intestinal mucormycosis. Early intensive treatment with high-dose liposomal amphotericin B was successful, and she was subsequently discharged from the hospital...
March 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
Tobias Hauge, Ole Christian Kleven, Egil Johnson, Bjørn Hofstad, Hans-Olaf Johannessen
OBJECTIVES: Surgical repair has been the most common treatment of esophageal effort rupture (Boerhaave syndrome). Stent-induced sealing of the perforation has increasingly been used with promising results. We present our eight years´ experience with stent-based and organ-preserving treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 15 consecutive patients with Boerhaave syndrome from February 2007 to May 2015 were retrospectively registered in a database. Treatment was sealing of the perforation by stenting, chest tube drainage and débridement of the contaminated thorax...
March 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Yue Wu, Haihui Zhang, Bingxi Zhou, Shuangyin Han, Yanrui Zhang
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the treatment of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 58 patients who suffered from early esophageal and precancerous lesions and received ESD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2012 to January 2016. The clinical efficacy and safety of ESD in treating the early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions was evaluated by analyzing the operation successful rate, postoperative pathology, complications, and follow-up data of patients who received ESD...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Elena Adelina Toma, Mohammad Oun, Octavian Enciu, Valentin Calu, Adrian Miron
Esophageal foreign bodies are a relatively frequent pathology which does not need any kind of treatment in up to 80% of cases. Ten to 20% of patients are treated endoscopically, while less than 1% need surgery either due to perforation or to treat complications. We address the case of a 50 year old male who presented with an impacted esophageal foreign body which had perforated the esophageal wall. Flexible endoscopy confirmed the diagnosis and identified a large fish bone that was stuck transversally in the distal cervical esophagus and could not be mobilized...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Denisa Oprisanescu, Denisa Bucur, Vasile Sandru, Ioan Cristian Nedelcu, Madalina Ilie, Ruxandra Oprita, Gabriel Constantinescu
Non-malignant esophageal fistulas have a wide spectrum of clinical and pathological features and it`s important to learn to detect and treat them, due to significant morbidity, mortality and costs. The need for minimally invasive, efficient and also quick procedures is imperative. Esophageal stenting using fully-covered expandable stents has become an increasingly preferred option and addresses to fistulas which arise from 2-3 cm beyond Killian's mouth and up to the gastroesophageal junction. The long-term purpose of the procedure is closure of the fistula and thus healing...
January 2018: Chirurgia
Man-Kyu Park, Dae-Chul Cho, Woo-Seok Bang, Kyoung-Tae Kim, Joo-Kyung Sung
PURPOSE: Delayed esophageal perforation after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is an extremely rare cause of infection such as spondylodiscitis. We present a rare case in which a patient had two delayed esophageal perforations occurring 20 and 25 years after ACDF. By sharing our experience of this rare case, we hope to provide new information related to delayed esophageal perforation. METHODS: We present the case of a 72-year-old patient who underwent ACDF due to cervical spondylosis 25 years ago...
March 2, 2018: European Spine Journal
Muhammad Awais, Saqib Qamar, Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch, Gulnaz Shafqat
PURPOSE: Esophageal perforation has a high mortality rate. Fluoroscopic esophagography (FE) is the procedure of choice for diagnosing esophageal perforation. However, FE can be difficult to perform in seriously ill patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts and scans of all patients who had undergone thoracic CT (TCT) without oral contrast and FE for suspicion of esophageal perforation at our hospital between October, 2010 and December, 2015. Scans were interpreted by a single consultant radiologist having > 5 years of relevant experience...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Shoichi Yoshimizu, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Yusuke Horiuchi, Masami Omae, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Takao Asari, Keisho Chin, Junko Fujisaki
BACKGROUND: For esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) with submucosal (SM) invasion, surgery is the standard treatment. Definitive chemoradiotherapy (D-CRT) is a less invasive alternative option, but sometimes results in locoregional failure. AIM: To examine whether endoscopic resection for primary lesion removal combined with chemoradiotherapy (ER-CRT) reduces locoregional failure rates in cases of ESCC with SM invasion. METHODS: We retrospectively compared clinical outcomes between ER-CRT and D-CRT in patients diagnosed with ESCC with SM invasion between 2003 and 2014...
February 7, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
Petrus S S Castelijns, Marcel C G van de Poll, Johannes F Smulders
INTRODUCTION: Nissen fundoplication is frequently applied in the surgical treatment of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). When the gastroesophageal junction remains too large or becomes too narrow, persistent GERD or dysphagia may occur. To assure a correct size of the gastroesophageal junction, the fundoplication can be created over a bougie. However, this increases the risk of esophageal perforation. Therefore, we have modified a previously described technique to create a standardized fundoplication without the use of a bougie...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Suresh Mohan, Sarah N Bowe, Lara M Hirner, Claire Zar-Kessler, Christopher J Hartnick
Pediatric cricopharyngeal achalasia is an uncommon but important cause of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Failure of upper esophageal sphincter relaxation is the currently understood pathophysiology. Therapies include balloon dilation, botulinum toxin injection, and endoscopic or open cricopharyngeal myotomy (CPM). Open CPM is usually performed at the posterior midline of the cricopharyngeus and can be a risky procedure given concern for esophageal perforation and damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Here, we present a novel modified technique for open CPM using a superficial anterolateral transection approach in the case of a young male with refractory cricopharyngeal achalasia...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Cheal Wung Huh, Joon Sung Kim, Hyun Ho Choi, Ja In Lee, Jeong-Seon Ji, Byung-Wook Kim, Hwang Choi
BACKGROUND: Self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) is effective and safe for the treatment of benign esophageal perforations or leaks. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with clinical success after SEMS placement. METHODS: Patients who received SEMS placement for treatment of benign esophageal perforations or leaks were retrospectively identified. These patients were analyzed for factors associated with clinical success and complications. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients underwent stent insertion for benign esophageal perforations (n = 11) or anastomotic leaks (n = 20)...
February 13, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
So Young Lee, Kun Woo Kim, Jae-Ik Lee, Dong-Kyun Park, Kook-Yang Park, Chul-Hyun Park, Kuk-Hui Son
Early diagnosis followed by primary repair is the best treatment for spontaneous esophageal perforation. However, the appropriate management of esophageal leakage after surgical repair is still controversial. Recently, the successful adaptation of vacuum-assisted closure therapy, which is well established for the treatment of chronic surface wounds, has been demonstrated for esophageal perforation or leakage. Conservative treatment methods require long-term fasting with total parenteral nutrition or enteral feeding through invasive procedures, such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or a feeding jejunostomy...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Andrew Lai, Seth Lipka, Ambuj Kumar, Sajiv Sethi, David Bromberg, Nanxing Li, Huafeng Shen, Lilia Stefaniwsky, Patrick Brady
INTRODUCTION: More than 50% of patients with esophageal cancer already have inoperable disease at the time of diagnosis. Controversy surrounds the outcomes of patients with advanced esophageal cancer who receive palliative care by either stent alone or stent plus an additional modality. We set out to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing the use of metal stents as treatment options for symptomatic improvement, survival, and adverse events. METHODS: We searched Embase, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception until January 14, 2016, as well as other databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing esophageal stent versus either esophageal stent plus brachytherapy, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Atsushi Yasuda, Takushi Yasuda, Yutaka Kimura, Hiroaki Kato, Yoko Hiraki, Mitsuru Iwama, Osamu Shiraishi, Masayuki Shinkai, Motohiro Imano, Haruhiko Imamoto
According to the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Carcinoma of the Esophagus in Japan, the standard treatment of esophageal cancer with cStage II / III is preoperative chemotherapy and radical resection. But when the tumor has deep ulcer, the perforation of it is sometimes occurred due of the anti-tumor effect and we are forced to change the standard treatment. In this time, we report a case of emergency resection of esophageal cancer which is on the brink of perforation after neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Kazuhito Uemura, Hiroaki Takahashi, Kazuhiro Mino, Takuji Ota, Shunsuke Shichi
Four cases of gastrointestinal perforation associated with bevacizumab(BEV)were examined. Case 1: A 82-year-old male received FOLFIRI plus BEV for recurrent liver metastasis after rectal cancer resection. A lower esophageal perforation occurred 22 days after BEV administration and drainage was performed. Case 2: A 69-year-old female received FOLFOX4 plus BEV for unresectable rectal cancer and liver and lung metastasis. A rectal perforation occurred 6 days after BEV administration and suturing closure of the hole and colostomy was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Endoscopy
Tawfik Khoury, Saleh Daher, Shaul Yaari, Ayman Abu Rmeileh, Eran Israeli, Ariel A Benson, Jonah Cohen, Ron Arnon, Meir Mizrahi
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes are routinely used as an effective method for providing enteral nutrition. The need for their exchange is common. GOALS: We aimed to examine the comparative safety and cost-effectiveness of PEG percutaneous counter-traction "pulling" approach or by endoscopically guided retrieval. STUDY: A prospective 215 consecutive patients undergoing PEG tube insertion were included. Fifty patients in total were excluded...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
W Schröder, C J Bruns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Marissa A Mencio, Estrellita Ontiveros, James S Burdick, Steven G Leeds
BACKGROUND: Perforations and anastomotic leaks of the gastrointestinal tract are severe complications, which carry high morbidity and mortality and management of these is a multi-disciplinary challenge. The use of endoluminal vacuum (EVAC) therapy has recently proven to be a useful technique to manage these complications. We report our institution's experience with this novel technique in the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of an IRB approved registry of all EVAC therapy patients from July 2013 to December 2016...
January 23, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"