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Esophageal perforation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919276/-focus-on-achalasia
#1
Marie-Anne Guillaumot, Maximilien Barret, Sarah Leblanc, Mahaut Leconte, Bertrand Dousset, Ammar Oudjit, Frédéric Prat, Stanislas Chaussade
The pathophysiology of achalasia is largely unknown, and involves the destruction of ganglion cell in the esophageal myenteric plexus. High-resolution esophageal manometry is the key investigation. Endoscopic pneumodilatation and laparoscopic Heller myotomy have comparable short-term success rates, around 90%. The main complication after pneumodilatation is esophageal perforation, occurring in about 1% of cases. Peroral endoscopic myotomy is a promising treatment modality, however with frequent post-procedural gastroesophageal reflux...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919013/esophageal-perforation-and-dissection-due-to-echocardiography-endoscopic-treatment-using-an-over-the-scope-clip
#2
Carlos Rodríguez-Escaja, Elena Carreño, Joan B Gornalsc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913339/ulcerative-gastritis-and-esophagitis-in-two-children-with-sarcina-ventriculi-infection
#3
Tim G J de Meij, Michiel P van Wijk, Aart Mookhoek, Andries E Budding
Sarcina ventriculi is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus, with a characteristic morphology. Only 22 cases of human infections by this microorganism, including 7 in children, have been reported in literature so far. Affected subjects usually present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and delayed gastric emptying. However, life-threatening complications, like emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation have also been described. Gastroparesis and gastric outlet obstruction have been considered as a potential etiologic factor...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905806/oesophageal-perforation-therapeutic-and-diagnostics-challenge-retrospective-single-center-case-report-analysis-2009-2015
#4
Piotr Misiak, Sławomir Jabłoński, Łukasz Piskorz, Lechosław Dorożała, Artur Terlecki, Szymon Wcisło
BACKGROUND: Esophageal perforation is a life-threatening condition of a complex etiology. No clear guidelines are available regarding the management of this condition. In this study, we review publications related to esophageal perforation, and analyze patients treated for this condition at our Department of Thoracic, General and Oncological Surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to retrospectively assess and analyze management methods for esophageal perforations of different etiologies...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881905/perforated-esophageal-intervention-focus-perf-study-a-multi-center-examination-of-contemporary-treatment
#5
J T Ali, R D Rice, E A David, J D Spicer, J J Dubose, L Bonavina, S Siboni, T A O'Callaghan, X Luo-Owen, S Harrison, C G Ball, J Bini, G A Vercruysse, D Skarupa, C C Miller Iii, A L Estrera, K G Khalil
The treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) remains a significant clinical challenge. While a number of investigators have previously documented efficient approaches, these were mostly single-center experiences reported prior to the introduction of newer technologies: specifically endoluminal stents. This study was designed to document contemporary practice in the diagnosis and management of EP at multiple institutions around the world and includes early clinical outcomes. A five-year (2009-2013) multicenter retrospective review of management and outcomes for patients with thoracic or abdominal esophageal perforation was conducted...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881903/safety-and-efficacy-of-endoscopic-spray-cryotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer
#6
F C Tsai, S Ghorbani, B D Greenwald, S Jang, J A Dumot, M J McKinley, N J Shaheen, F Habr, H C Wolfsen, J A Abrams, C J Lightdale, N S Nishioka, M H Johnston, A Zfass, W J Coyle
Although surgery is traditionally the standard of care for esophageal cancer, esophagectomy carries significant morbidity. Alternative endoscopic therapies are needed for patients who are not candidates for conventional treatment. The objective of this study is to assess the safety, efficacy, and tolerability of spray cryotherapy of esophageal adenocarcinoma. This study includes patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma who had failed or were not candidates for conventional therapy enrolled retrospectively and prospectively in an open-label registry and patients in a retrospective cohort from 11 academic and community practices...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881895/balloon-based-esophageal-cryoablation-with-a-novel-focal-ablation-device-dose-finding-and-safety-in-porcine-and-human-models
#7
D W Schölvinck, S Friedland, G Triadafilopoulos, T Valli, M I van Berge Henegouwen, J J G H M Bergman, Bas L A M Weusten
The new Cryoballoon Focal Ablation System (CbFAS), a through-the-scope catheter with battery-powered handle that delivers cryogenic fluid into an inflated balloon, differs from current cryotherapy methods used for treatment of Barrett's epithelium. In this dose-finding study, short- and long-term histopathological effects and safety of the CbFAS were evaluated. Cryoablations with (supra)therapeutic durations (4-24 seconds) were performed in pigs that survived for 12 or 48 hours or 4 or 28 days. Next, cryoablations (durations based on animal data) were performed in normal mucosa of esophageal cancer patients scheduled to undergo esophagectomy...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881894/outcomes-following-the-main-treatment-options-in-patients-with-a-leaking-esophagus-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
S Persson, I Rouvelas, T Irino, L Lundell
Leakage from the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction can be lethal due to uncontrolled contamination of the mediastinum. The most predominant risk factors for the subsequent clinical outcome are the patients' delay as well as the delay of diagnosis. Two major therapeutic concepts have been advocated: either prompt closure of the leakage by insertion of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) or more traditionally, surgical exploration. The objective of this review is to carefully scrutinize the recent literature and assess the outcomes of these two therapeutic alternatives in the management of iatrogenic perforation-spontaneous esophageal rupture as separated from those with anastomotic leak...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875132/open-wound-management-of-esophagocutaneous-fistula-in-unstable-cervical-spine-after-corpectomy-and-multilevel-laminectomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Hossein Elgafy, Mustafa Khan, Jacob Azurdia, Nicholas Peters
A 67-year-old female patient developed an esophagocutaneous fistula 4 mo after C4 and C5 partial corpectomy. Plain radiograph and computed tomography (CT) scan of cervical spine showed inferior screws pullout with plate migration that caused the esophageal perforation. Management included removal of anterior hardware, revision C4-5 corpectomy, iliac crest strut autograft and halo orthosis immobilization. The fistula was treated using antibiotics and a 10-french gauge rubber tube for daily irrigation and Penrose drain...
August 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861738/a-surgical-case-of-radiotherapy-induced-esophageal-perforation-accompanying-pyogenic-spondylodiscitis-a-case-report
#10
Shuntaro Yoshimura, Kazuhiko Mori, Koichiro Kawasaki, Asami Tanabe, Susumu Aikou, Koichi Yagi, Masato Nishida, Hiroharu Yamashita, Sachiyo Nomura, Masayoshi Fukushima, Hideomi Yamashita, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Yasuyuki Seto
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiotherapy has been a treatment choice for lung cancer, especially in medically inoperable patients. However, the acute and late toxicity to adjacent organs have been reported as an uncommon but severe adverse effect. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old male was presented with his back pain and pyrexia. He had been followed up for non-small-cell lung cancer, which was treated by the stereotactic body radiotherapy 4 years prior to the current visit...
August 31, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847073/efficacy-of-the-over-the-scope-clip-system-for-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-fistulas-leaks-and-perforations-a-korean-multi-center-study
#11
Hang Lak Lee, Joo Young Cho, Jun-Hyung Cho, Jong Jae Park, Chan Gyoo Kim, Seong Hwan Kim, Joung-Ho Han
Background/Aims: Currently, a new over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system has been introduced. This system has been used for gastrointestinal perforations and fistulas in other countries. The aim of our study is to examine the therapeutic success rate of endoscopic treatment using the OTSC system in Korea. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective study. A total of seven endoscopists at seven centers performed this procedure. Results: A total of 19 patients were included, with gastrointestinal leakages from anastomosis sites, fistulas, or esophageal perforations due to Boerhaave's syndrome...
August 29, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844532/esophageal-perforation-due-to-blunt-chest-trauma-difficult-diagnosis-because-of-coexisting-severe-disturbance-of-consciousness
#12
Satomi Mezuki, Yuji Shono, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Kana Hisanaga, Hiroshi Saeki, Yuichiro Nakashima, Kenta Momii, Jun Maki, Kentaro Tokuda, Yoshihiko Maehara
Esophageal perforation due to blunt trauma is a rare clinical condition, and the diagnosis is often difficult because patients have few specific symptoms. Delayed diagnosis may result in a fatal clinical course due to mediastinitis and subsequent sepsis. In this article, we describe a 26-year-old man with esophageal perforation due to blunt chest trauma resulting from a motor vehicle accident. Because a severe disturbance of consciousness masked the patient's trauma-induced thoracic symptoms, we required 11h to diagnose the esophageal perforation...
August 19, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840029/profuse-and-acute-hemorrhagic-gastroesophageal-injury-after-cryotherapy-in-a-cardiac-surgery-patient
#13
Hyae-Jin Kim, Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Dowon Lee, Haekyu Kim, A-Rheum Cho, Soeun Jeon, Suyeon Hong
Upper gastrointestinal injury associated with cryoablation and under placement of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during cardiac surgery is a rare complication but potentially fatal. During the cryoablation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation, delivered cryoenergy can adversely affect the esophagus, resulting in gastroesophageal ulceration. The TEE probe itself also can induce adverse effects like esophageal ulceration or perforation. In this case report, we describe a case of emergent gastroesophageal injury with massive bleeding that occurred after manipulation of a TEE probe during cryoablation therapy in a cardiac surgery patient...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836246/-clinical-experience-of-combined-laparoscopic-endoscopic-heller-myotomy-and-modified-dor-fundoplication-for-cardiochalasia
#14
Xiaofang Qiao, Jinlong Li, Hua Xu, Xin Wan, Jiaming Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of combined laparoscopic-endoscopic lower esophageal sphincterotomy and modified Dor fundoplication for cardiochalasia patients. METHODS: Clinical data of 11 cardiochalasia patients who underwent combined laparoscopic-endoscopic lower esophageal sphincterotomy and modified Dor fundoplication by the same medical team from January 2015 to December 2016 at The Second Hospital of Jilin University were retrospectively analyzed. The procedure was as follows: an incision was made in the anterior wall of esophagus and dissection of esophageal muscular layer was performed, then the bulged esophageal mucosa was covered by the fundus after 180 degrees fold to the right (fundoplication), finally the gastric fundus was joined to the right diaphragmatic foot by 3 to 5 knotted suture...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828106/esophageal-pneumatosis-in-the-setting-of-small-bowel-ileus-with-acute-resolution-after-nasogastric-tube-decompression
#15
Sanjit O Tewari, Allen R Wolfe, Richard Seguritan, Raihan Faroqui, Michael Meshreki
Esophageal pneumatosis is a rare condition with diverse potential etiologies including traumatic, mechanical, ischemic, obstructive respiratory, autoimmune, immunodeficient, and infectious causes. Here, we present a case of esophageal pneumatosis in the setting of upper gastrointestinal and small bowel ileus, diagnosed on computed tomography (CT), with acute resolution after nasogastric tube decompression. A patient presented to the emergency department with epigastric discomfort. CT of the abdomen/pelvis demonstrated intramural air in the mid-to-distal esophagus, consistent with esophageal pneumatosis, and diffuse dilatation of the visualized esophagus, stomach, and small bowel, consistent with an ileus...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822401/esophageal-perforation-a-common-clinical-problem-with-many-different-management-options
#16
Lloyd M Felmly, Hyejin Kwon, Chadrick E Denlinger, Jacob A Klapper
Esophageal perforation is a complex clinical entity that has multiple etiologies and variability in presentation, making it challenging to diagnose and treat. The mortality of esophageal perforation has improved because therapies have evolved. Whereas primary repair is the standard of care, multiple treatments may be employed successfully. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of suspected or confirmed esophageal perforation that were admitted to the thoracic surgery service at our institution between January 2011 and June 2016...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808190/cholesterol-crystal-embolization-following-plaque-rupture-a-systemic-disease-with-unusual-features
#17
Firas Ghanem, Deepthi Vodnala, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta, Sridevi Durga, Noah Thormeier, Prem Subramaniyam, Scott Abela, George S Abela
Cholesterol crystal embolic (CCE) syndrome is often a clinically challenging condition that has a poor prognostic implication. It is a result of plaque rupture with release of cholesterol crystals into the circulation that embolize into various tissue organs. Plaque rupture seems to be triggered by an expanding necrotic core during cholesterol crystallization forming sharp tipped crystals that perforate and tear the fibrous cap. Embolizing cholesterol crystals then initiate both local and systemic inflammation that eventually lead to vascular fibrosis and obstruction causing symptoms that can mimic other vasculitic conditions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803389/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-stat3-deficient-hyper-ige-syndrome
#18
Manish Arora, Preet Bagi, Anna Strongin, Jennifer Heimall, Xiongce Zhao, Monica G Lawrence, Apurva Trivedi, Carolyn Henderson, Amy Hsu, Martha Quezado, David E Kleiner, Aradhana M Venkatesan, Steven M Holland, Alexandra F Freeman, Theo Heller
OBJECTIVE: STAT 3 deficiency (autosomal dominant hyper immunoglobulin E syndrome (AD-HIES)) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder with multi-organ involvement caused by dominant negative signal transducer and activator of transcription gene 3 (STAT3) mutations. We sought to describe the gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of this disease. METHODS: Seventy subjects aged five to 60 years with a molecular diagnosis of AD-HIES were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802391/pathophysiology-of-esophageal-impairment-due-to-button-battery-ingestion
#19
Johannes Völker, Christine Völker, Philipp Schendzielorz, Sebastian P Schraven, Andreas Radeloff, Robert Mlynski, Rudolf Hagen, Kristen Rak
BACKGROUND: The increased use of button batteries with high energy densities in devices of daily life presents a high risk of injury, especially for toddlers and young children. If an accidental ingestion of a button battery occurs, this foreign body can become caught in the constrictions of the esophagus and cause serious damage to the adjacent tissue layers. The consequences can be ulcerations, perforations with fistula formation and damage to the surrounding anatomical structures. In order to gain a better understanding of the pathophysiology after ingestion, we carried out systematic studies on fresh preparations of porcine esophagi...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801834/current-characteristics-and-management-of-congenital-esophageal-stenosis-40-consecutive-cases-from-a-multicenter-study-in-the-kyushu-area-of-japan
#20
Masaya Suzuhigashi, Tatsuru Kaji, Hiroyuki Noguchi, Mitsuru Muto, Michiko Goto, Motoi Mukai, Kazuhiko Nakame, Takafumi Kawano, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Congenital esophageal stenosis (CES) is rare, and the available clinical data are limited. We explored the current diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of CES. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was performed using medical records at pediatric surgical centers in the Kyushu area. RESULTS: Over 10 years, 40 patients (24 males) had CES. The incidence of associated anomalies was 52.5% (21/40), and that of esophageal atresia was 20.0% (8/40)...
August 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
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