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Critical care nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#1
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919614/use-of-acute-physiology-and-chronic-health-evaluation-apache-ii-and-red-cell-distribution-width-rdw-for-assessment-of-mortality-of-patients-with-sepsis-in-icu
#2
A Q Huda, M R Karim, M A Mahmud, M S Islam, M F Haque, M R Islam, M A Hossain
Critically ill patients of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) need highest level of monitoring, intense nursing care and integrated management which are very expensive and consume significant part of hospital resources. Prediction of outcome from disease has become an essential component of health science. So, various scoring systems have been developed to predict outcome of critically ill patients in ICU. There is no perfect model of severity score to predict ICU mortality. Search for new system is still remaining as continuous efforts to find the best model to get accurate information about the prognosis and outcome of critically ill patients...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918967/accuracy-of-bedside-point-of-care-testing-in-critical-emergency-department-patients
#3
Braden W McIntosh, Jerina Vasek, Maria Taylor, Deborah Le Blanc, Henry C Thode, Adam J Singer
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POC) testing reduces laboratory turn-around having the potential to improve timely diagnosis and management. We compared the accuracy of nurse performed POC and core laboratory testing and determined whether deviations between the two were clinically meaningful. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study on a convenience sample of 50 critical care ED patients in whom a POC chemistry and hematocrit was ordered. Blood samples were divided into 2 aliquots; one sample was tested by the treating nurse using a handheld POC device and the other sample was tested in the core laboratory...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917603/development-of-the-nurses-care-coordination-competency-scale-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-critical-care-settings-in-japan-part-1-development-of-a-measuring-instrument
#4
Chie Takiguchi, Yumiko Yatomi, Tomoko Inoue
OBJECTIVES: To develop a draft scale measuring nurses' care coordination competency for care of mechanically ventilated patients in critical care settings. METHOD: The scale items and concepts were derived from semi-structured interviews with 28 professionals (14 nurses, eight physicians, three physical therapists, three clinical engineers) who are managing mechanically ventilated critical care patients. A grounded theory approach was used. After content validation by experts, two pilot tests were used to identify and correct non-discriminating items and vague items...
September 13, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914678/update-topical-antimicrobial-agents-for-chronic-wounds
#5
R Gary Sibbald, James A Elliott, Luvneed Verma, Alisa Brandon, Reneeka Persaud, Elizabeth A Ayello
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on the use of topical antimicrobial agents for the treatment of chronic wounds. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Examine features of wounds and wound healing as well as the purpose of specific antimicrobial agents...
October 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914626/secondary-traumatic-stress-in-nicu-nurses-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Cheryl Tatano Beck, Regina M Cusson, Robert K Gable
BACKGROUND: Secondary traumatic stress is an occupational hazard for healthcare providers who care for patients who have been traumatized. This type of stress has been reported in various specialties of nursing, but no study to date had specifically focused on neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses. PURPOSE: (1) To determine the prevalence and severity of secondary traumatic stress in NICU nurses and (2) to explore those quantitative findings in more depth through nurses' qualitative descriptions of their traumatic experiences caring for critically ill infants in the NICU...
September 13, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#7
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911833/development-of-the-nurses-care-coordination-competency-scale-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-critical-care-settings-in-japan-part-2%C3%A3-validation-of-the-scale
#8
Chie Takiguchi, Yumiko Yatomi, Tomoko Inoue
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the validity and reliability of the nurses' care coordination competency draft scale for mechanically ventilated patients in Japan. DESIGN/METHOD: In this cross sectional observational study, a draft scale measuring care coordination was distributed to 2189 nurses from 73 intensive care units in Japan from February-March 2016. Based on the valid 887 responses, we examined construct validity including structural validity (exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis), convergent and discriminant validity and internal consistency reliability...
September 11, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906047/a-systematic-review-to-explore-influences-on-parental-attitudes-towards-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Helen Bosley, Catherine Henshall, Jane V Appleton, Debra Jackson
AIM: To understand the factors influencing parental attitudes towards antibiotic prescribing. BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics and inappropriate prescribing has resulted in rapid development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), and is significant global threat to patient safety. In Primary Care settings, substantial numbers of antibiotics are prescribed for young children, despite viral nature of illness for which antibiotics are ineffective. Parents, play a vital role in decision making regarding accessing healthcare services and requesting treatment for their children...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902699/experiences-of-and-support-for-nurses-as-second-victims-of-adverse-nursing-errors-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#10
C J Cabilan, Kathryn Kynoch
BACKGROUND: Second victims are clinicians who have made adverse errors and feel traumatized by the experience. The current published literature on second victims is mainly representative of doctors, hence nurses' experiences are not fully depicted. This systematic review was necessary to understand the second victim experience for nurses, explore the support provided, and recommend appropriate support systems for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on nurses' experiences as second victims, and explore their experiences of the support they receive and the support they need...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902121/critical-care-resources-in-guangdong-province-of-china-three-surveys-from-2005-to-2015
#11
Jian-Feng Wu, Fei Pei, Bin Ouyang, Juan Chen, Yi-Min Li, Yong-Wen Feng, Fa-Liang Guo, Li-Xin Zhou, Zheng Wang, Ying-Jun Guo, Qin-Han Lin, Zhan-Peng Li, Yun Ling, Li Li, Lie-Hua Deng, Ying-Ping Zhao, Jian-Wei Dai, Shu-Yu Luo, Dun-Rong Zhou, Wei-Wen Luo, Ling Zhao, Wei-Ying Chen, Wei-Chuan Wang, Wen-Yang Cai, Qiong-Xiang Luo, Xiang-Dong Guan
OBJECTIVES: Data about the critical care resources in China remain scarce. The purpose of this study was to investigate the variation and distribution of critical care resources in Guangdong province from 2005 to 2015. DESIGN: Data in regard to critical care resources were collected through questionnaires and visits every 5 years from 2005. SETTING: All hospitals in Guangdong province were screened and hospitals that provide critical care services were enrolled...
September 8, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901665/kansas-nurse-leader-residency-programme-advancing-leader-knowledge-and-skills
#12
Qiuhua Shen, Jill Peltzer, Cynthia Teel, Janet Pierce
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Kansas Nurse Leader Residency (KNLR) programme in improving nurses' leadership knowledge and skills and its acceptability, feasibility and fidelity. BACKGROUND: The Future of Nursing Report (Institute of Medicine, 2011) calls for nurses to lead change and advance health. The 6-month KNLR programme was developed by the Kansas Action Coalition to support nurses' leadership development. METHODS: Nurses (n = 36) from four nursing specialties (acute care, long-term care, public health and school health) participated in the programme...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899295/benner-s-framework-and-clinical-decision-making-in-the-critical-care-environment
#13
Kristi J Stinson
Completed as part of a larger dissertational study, the purpose of this portion of this descriptive correlational study was to examine the relationships among registered nurses' clinical experiences and clinical decision-making processes in the critical care environment. The results indicated that there is no strong correlation between clinical experience in general and clinical experience in critical care and clinical decision-making. There were no differences found in any of the Benner stages of clinical experience in relation to the overall clinical decision-making process...
January 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899101/retention-of-qualified-healthcare-workers-in-rural-senegal-lessons-learned-from-a-qualitative-study
#14
Mari Nagai, Noriko Fujita, Ibrahima S Diouf, Malick Salla
INTRODUCTION: Deployment and retention of a sufficient number of skilled and motivated human resources for health (HRH) at the right place and at the right time are critical to ensure people's right to access a universal quality of health care. Vision Tokyo 2010 Network, an international network of HRH managers at the ministry of health (MoH) level in nine Francophone African countries, identified maldistribution of a limited number of healthcare personnel and their retention in rural areas as overarching problems in the member countries...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898390/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-older-adults-admitted-to-hospital
#15
REVIEW
Graham Ellis, Mike Gardner, Apostolos Tsiachristas, Peter Langhorne, Orlaith Burke, Rowan H Harwood, Simon P Conroy, Tilo Kircher, Dominique Somme, Ingvild Saltvedt, Heidi Wald, Desmond O'Neill, David Robinson, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multi-dimensional, multi-disciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic process conducted to determine the medical, mental, and functional problems of older people with frailty so that a co-ordinated and integrated plan for treatment and follow-up can be developed. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: We sought to critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the effectiveness and resource use of CGA for older adults admitted to hospital, and to use these data to estimate its cost-effectiveness...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893768/building-managed-primary-care-practice-networks-to-deliver-better-clinical-care-a-qualitative-semi-structured-interview-study
#16
Jasmine Pawa, John Robson, Sally Hull
BACKGROUND: Primary care practices are increasingly working in larger groups. In 2009, all 36 primary care practices in the London borough of Tower Hamlets were grouped geographically into eight managed practice networks to improve the quality of care they delivered. Quantitative evaluation has shown improved clinical outcomes. AIM: To provide insight into the process of network implementation, including the aims, facilitating factors, and barriers, from both the clinical and managerial perspectives...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893343/physiotherapy-as-first-point-of-contact-service-for-patients-with-musculoskeletal-complaints-understanding-the-challenges-of-implementation
#17
Fiona Moffatt, Rob Goodwin, Paul Hendrick
BACKGROUND: Primary care faces unprecedented challenges. A move towards a more comprehensive, multi-disciplinary service delivery model has been proposed as a means with which to secure more sustainable services for the future. One seemingly promising response has been the implementation of physiotherapy self-referral schemes, however there is a significant gap in the literature regarding implementation. Aim This evaluation aimed to explore how the professionals and practice staff involved in the delivery of an in-practice physiotherapy self-referral scheme understood the service, with a focus on perceptions of value, barriers and impact...
September 12, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893270/the-impact-of-the-advanced-practice-nursing-role-on-quality-of-care-clinical-outcomes-patient-satisfaction-and-cost-in-the-emergency-and-critical-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Brigitte Fong Yeong Woo, Jasmine Xin Yu Lee, Wilson Wai San Tam
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic illness and multimorbidity rises with population aging, thereby increasing the acuity of care. Consequently, the demand for emergency and critical care services has increased. However, the forecasted requirements for physicians have shown a continued shortage. Among efforts underway to search for innovations to strengthen the workforce, there is a heightened interest to have nurses in advanced practice participate in patient care at a great extent...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890925/on-the-road-to-becoming-a-responsible-leader-a-simulation-based-training-approach-for-final-year-medical-students
#19
Marion Schmidt-Huber, Janine Netzel, Jan Kiesewetter
Background and objective: There is a need for young physicians to take a responsible role in clinical teams, comparable to a leadership role. However, today's medical curricula barely consider the development of leadership competencies. Acquisition of leadership skills are currently a by-product of medical education, even though it seems to be a competency relevant for physicians' success. Therefore, an innovative leadership training program for young physicians was developed and validated. Training conceptualisation were based upon findings of critical incidents interviews (N=19) with relevant personnel (e...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888507/pediatric-nurses-perspectives-on-medication-teaching-in-a-children-s-hospital
#20
Cori A Gibson, Ashley J Stelter, Kristin A Haglund, Stacee M Lerret
PURPOSE: To explore inpatient pediatric nurses' current experiences and perspectives on medication teaching. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted at a Midwest pediatric hospital. Using convenience sampling, 26 nurses participated in six focus groups. Data were analyzed in an iterative group coding process. RESULTS: Three themes emerged. 1) Medication teaching is an opportunity. 2) Medication teaching is challenging...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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