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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040452/assessment-of-vegetable-and-fruit-substrates-as-potential-rearing-media-for-hermetia-illucens-diptera-stratiomyidae-larvae
#1
Costanza Jucker, Daniela Erba, Maria Giovanna Leonardi, Daniela Lupi, Sara Savoldelli
Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) is able to consume a wide range of organic matter and is of particular interest for waste management. The nutritional value of preimaginal stages, in particular the protein content, makes this species a valid candidate for use as feed for other organisms. Vegetables and fruits are promising rearing substrates for insects produced for this purpose according to the EU regulation. In order to examine the effects of diets on insect performance and chemical composition, larvae were reared on the following substrates: 1) fruit (apple, pear, and orange); 2) vegetable (lettuce, green beans, and cabbage); and 3) mixed fruits and vegetables...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035859/gastrointestinal-nematodes-infections-and-anthelmintic-resistance-in-grazing-sheep-in-the-eastern-inner-mongolia-in-china
#2
Tianlong Han, Min Wang, Guanghe Zhang, Dongsheng Han, Xinwei Li, Guowen Liu, Xiaobing Li, Zhe Wang
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) are a crucial restraint to grazing sheep production worldwide. This study was conducted to determine the infections and anthelmintic resistance (AR) of GIN in pasture-based sheep in the Eastern Inner Mongolia, China. GIN eggs were tested from 600 grazing sheep feces of 10 farms using saturated saline flotation method and McMaster's method. The egg hatch test (EHT) and the faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT) were used to evaluate resistance of GIN to anthelmintics. We found that the average infection rate was 79...
December 20, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034385/multivariate-characterization-of-salt-and-fat-content-and-the-fatty-acid-profile-of-pastry-and-bakery-products
#3
Tânia Gonçalves Albuquerque, Joana Santos, Mafalda Alexandra Silva, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Helena S Costa
Bakery and pastry products are highly appreciated worldwide. Due to consumer demand, a wide diversity of this type of food is available all over the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the content of salt, fat and fatty acids in the composition of 91 bakery and pastry products commercialised in Portugal. Moreover, a detailed comparison between commercial and supermarket brands of similar foods, as well as between foods with or without gluten was performed. The obtained results allowed us to conclude that most of the analysed foods have a high percentage of saturated fatty acids...
October 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034148/does-a-grill-menu-redesign-influence-sales-nutrients-purchased-and-consumer-acceptance-in-a-worksite-cafeteria
#4
Maya K Vadiveloo, Vasanti S Malik, Donna Spiegelman, Walter C Willett, Josiemer Mattei
Worksite cafeterias are compelling venues to improve diet quality through environmental changes. We conducted a pre-post study to evaluate how a cafeteria-initiated grill menu redesign influenced sales, revenue, and nutrient content of foods purchased. Secondly, we evaluated consumer opinions about menu changes to inform practices for worksite environment interventions. Monthly sales data (2012-2015) were used to compute gross sales and revenue of entrées and side dishes pre-post menu changes. Alternative protein sources replaced red meat; nutrient composition and nutrients purchased were compared using Food Pro software...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033638/tolosa-hunt-syndrome-cranial-neuroimaging-findings
#5
Çetin Kürşad Akpinar, Taner Özbenli, Hakan Doğru, Lütfi Incesu
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS) is still unknown. The initial standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may not be sufficient for diagnosis, so dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI may be necessary to demonstrate the presence of lesions. METHODS: Seven patients diagnosed with THS according to the International Headache Society criteria (beta version) were included into the study. Patients were assessed in terms of type, age, symptoms and findings, accompanying disease, localization of the determined lesion, response to treatment, and clinical progress...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031710/nav1-8-neurons-are-involved-in-limiting-acute-phase-responses-to-dietary-fat
#6
REVIEW
Swalpa Udit, Michael Burton, Joseph M Rutkowski, Syann Lee, Angie L Bookout, Philipp E Scherer, Joel K Elmquist, Laurent Gautron
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: Metabolic viscera and their vasculature are richly innervated by peripheral sensory neurons. Here, we examined the metabolic and inflammatory profiles of mice with selective ablation of all Nav1.8-expressing primary afferent neurons. RESULTS: While mice lacking sensory neurons displayed no differences in body weight, food intake, energy expenditure, or body composition compared to controls on chow diet, ablated mice developed an exaggerated inflammatory response to high-fat feeding characterized by bouts of weight loss, splenomegaly, elevated circulating interleukin-6 and hepatic serum amyloid A expression...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031401/screening-of-some-lesser-known-tree-borne-oilseed-plants-from-north-east-india-for-their-oil-content-and-major-fatty-acid-components
#7
Bithika Chaliha, Lipika Lahkar, Anjali Doley, Rumi Kotoky, Siddhartha P Saikia, Subhan C Nath
Forest of North-East India is rich in a variety of tree borne oilseeds and there were no serious efforts to exploit the less known oilseeds of the forest origin. Considering the vast plant wealth and with an objective to explore these untapped potentialities of oilseed resources of NE India, a research program was undertaken. The present communication is based on the investigation of seeds of 14 lesser known plant species for fats and oils. The screened plant species exhibited oil yield ranging from 4.71% to 48...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026537/negative-effects-of-long-term-feeding-of-high-grain-diets-to-lactating-goats-on-milk-fat-production-and-composition-by-regulating-gene-expression-and-dna-methylation-in-the-mammary-gland
#8
Ping Tian, Yanwen Luo, Xian Li, Jing Tian, Shiyu Tao, Canfeng Hua, Yali Geng, Yingdong Ni, Ruqian Zhao
BACKGROUND: It is well known that feeding a high concentrate (HC) diet to lactating ruminants likely induces subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA) and leads to a decrease in milk fat production. However, the effects of feeding a HC diet for long periods on milk fatty acids composition and the mechanism behind the decline of milk fat still remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of feeding a HC diet to lactating dairy goats on milk fat yield and fatty acids composition with an emphasis on the mechanisms underlying the milk fat depression...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026429/markers-of-neuroprotection-of-combined-epa-and-dha-provided-by-fish-oil-are-higher-than-those-of-epa-nannochloropsis-and-dha-schizochytrium-from-microalgae-oils-in-wistar-rats
#9
Paula A Lopes, Narcisa M Bandarra, Susana V Martins, Joana Martinho, Cristina M Alfaia, Marta S Madeira, Carlos Cardoso, Cláudia Afonso, Maria C Paulo, Rui M A Pinto, José L Guil-Guerrero, José A M Prates
BACKGROUND: To overcome the current overexploitation of fish rich in n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), microalgae have become a promising marine lipid source. The purpose of this study was to assess eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), isolated or combined from distinct marine origins, on the promotion of neuroprotective effects. METHODS: The experiment lasted for 10 weeks and involved 32 Wistar rats, divided into 4 diets (n = 8): a diet rich in milk fat was taken as control (Milk Fat) and compared to n-3 LCPUFA enriched diets, either in EPA + DHA form through fish oil (Fish Oil), or EPA through Nannochloropsis oil (Nanno), or DHA through Schizochytrium oil (Schyzo), while maintaining Milk Fat incorporation...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024822/pubertally-initiated-high-fat-diet-promotes-mammary-tumorigenesis-in-obesity-prone-fvb-mice-similarly-to-obesity-resistant-balb-c-mice
#10
Yirong Zhu, Mark D Aupperlee, Sandra Z Haslam, Richard C Schwartz
Premenopausal breast cancer is associated with increased animal fat consumption among normal-weight but not overweight women. Our previous findings in obesity-resistant BALB/c mice showed that a diet high in saturated animal fat (HFD) promotes mammary tumorigenesis in both DMBA carcinogenesis and Trp53-null transplant models. Having made these observations in BALB/c mice, which have very modest HFD weight gain, we determined the effects of HFD in FVB mice, which gain significant weight on HFD. Three-week-old FVB mice fed a low-fat diet or HFD were subjected to 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis...
October 9, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023976/peripheral-nerve-involvement-in-multiple-sclerosis-demonstration-by-magnetic-resonance-neurography
#11
Johann M E Jende, Gesa H Hauck, Ricarda Diem, Markus Weiler, Sabine Heiland, Brigitte Wildemann, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Wolfgang Wick, John M Hayes, Johannes Pfaff, Mirko Pham, Martin Bendszus, Jennifer Kollmer
OBJECTIVE: To detect and quantify peripheral nerve lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) by magnetic resonance neurography (MRN). METHODS: 36 patients diagnosed with MS based on the 2010 McDonald criteria (34 with the relapsing-remitting form, 2 with clinically isolated syndrome) with and without disease modifying treatment were compared to 35 healthy age/sex-matched volunteers. All patients underwent detailed neurological and electrophysiological examinations. 3T MRN with large anatomical coverage of both legs and the lumbosacral plexus was performed by using 2D fat-saturated, T2-weighted and dual echo turbo-spin-echo sequences as well as a 3D T2-weighted, fat-saturated SPACE sequence...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022752/nutritional-characteristics-of-the-diets-of-child-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#12
Julia Ferrari Carneiro Teixeira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia-Lemos, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
PURPOSE: Diseases associated with prior treatment, such as obesity, have been described in cancer survivors. Recent studies have shown that current estimates of overweight do not differ from that in the general population, suggesting the influence of environmental factors, such as dietary intake. In this context, there is increasing interest in the examination of health behaviors that may modify and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of dietary intake among child cancer survivors living in a developing country...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021287/surrogate-disease-markers-as-substitutes-for-chronic-disease-outcomes-in-studies-of-diet-and-chronic-disease-relations
#13
Elizabeth A Yetley, David L DeMets, William R Harlan
Surrogate biomarkers for clinical outcomes afford scientific and economic efficiencies when investigating nutritional interventions in chronic diseases. However, valid scientific results are dependent on the qualification of these disease markers that are intended to be substitutes for a clinical outcome and to accurately predict benefit or harm. In this article, we examine the challenges of evaluating surrogate markers and describe the framework proposed in a 2010 Institute of Medicine report. The components of this framework are presented in the context of nutritional interventions for chronic diseases...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020121/food-consumption-according-to-the-days-of-the-week-national-food-survey-2008-2009
#14
Luana Silva Monteiro, Bruna Kulik Hassan, Camilla Chermont Prochnik Estima, Amanda de Moura Souza, Eliseu Verly, Rosely Sichieri, Rosangela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the variations in energy, nutrients, and food groups intake between days of the week and weekend days in the Brazilian population. METHODS: We used data from the first National Food Survey (2008-2009) of a one-day food log of a representative sample of the Brazilian population aged 10 years or older (n = 34,003). For the analyses, we considered the sample weights and the effect of the study design. The mean (and standard deviations) and frequencies (%) of energy, nutrients, and food groups consumption were estimated for weekdays (Monday to Friday) and weekend (Saturday and Sunday), we then estimated the differences according to the days of the week for the population strata analyzed...
October 5, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020051/a-combination-of-plasma-phospholipid-fatty-acids-and-its-association-with-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-the-epic-interact-case-cohort-study
#15
Fumiaki Imamura, Stephen J Sharp, Albert Koulman, Matthias B Schulze, Janine Kröger, Julian L Griffin, José M Huerta, Marcela Guevara, Ivonne Sluijs, Antonio Agudo, Eva Ardanaz, Beverley Balkau, Heiner Boeing, Veronique Chajes, Christina C Dahm, Courtney Dow, Guy Fagherazzi, Edith J M Feskens, Paul W Franks, Diana Gavrila, Marc Gunter, Rudolf Kaaks, Timothy J Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Tilman Kühn, Olle Melander, Elena Molina-Portillo, Peter M Nilsson, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Olov Rolandsson, Sabina Sieri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Nadia Slimani, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Anne Tjønneland, Rosario Tumino, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Claudia Langenberg, Elio Riboli, Nita G Forouhi, Nick J Wareham
BACKGROUND: Combinations of multiple fatty acids may influence cardiometabolic risk more than single fatty acids. The association of a combination of fatty acids with incident type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been evaluated. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We measured plasma phospholipid fatty acids by gas chromatography in 27,296 adults, including 12,132 incident cases of T2D, over the follow-up period between baseline (1991-1998) and 31 December 2007 in 8 European countries in EPIC-InterAct, a nested case-cohort study...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993476/contribution-of-dietary-intake-to-relapse-rate-in-early-paediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Saeedeh Azary, Teri Schreiner, Jennifer Graves, Amy Waldman, Anita Belman, Bianca Weinstock Guttman, Gregory Aaen, Jan-Mendelt Tillema, Soe Mar, Janace Hart, Jayne Ness, Yolanda Harris, Lauren Krupp, Mark Gorman, Leslie Benson, Moses Rodriguez, Tanuja Chitnis, John Rose, Lisa F Barcellos, Tim Lotze, Suzan L Carmichael, Shelly Roalstad, Charles T Casper, Emmanuelle Waubant
OBJECTIVE: The role of diet in multiple sclerosis (MS) course remains largely unknown. Children with MS have a higher relapse rate compared with MS in adults. Thus, studying the effect of diet on relapse rate in this age group is likely to provide more robust answers. METHODS: This is a multicentre study done at 11 paediatric MS centres in the USA. Patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) or clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) with disease onset before 18 years of age and duration of less than 4 years were included in this study...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993373/wine-and-cardiovascular-health-a-comprehensive-review
#17
REVIEW
Sohaib Haseeb, Bryce Alexander, Adrian Baranchuk
Alcoholic beverages have been consumed for thousands of years, attracting great human interest for social, personal, and religious occasions. In addition, they have long been debated to confer cardioprotective benefits. The French Paradox is an observation of a low prevalence of ischemic heart disease, with high intakes of saturated fat, a phenomenon accredited to the consumption of red wine. Although many epidemiological investigations have supported this view, others have attributed it to beer or spirits, with many suggesting that the drink type is not important...
October 10, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990228/influence-of-outdoor-rearing-and-oleic-acid-supplementation-on-lipid-characteristics-of-muscle-and-adipose-tissues-from-obese-alentejano-pigs
#18
J M Martins, A Albuquerque, J A Neves, A B Freitas, R Charneca, J L Tirapicos
Data evaluating the effect of oleic-acid-enriched diets and outdoor rearing (with access to pasture) on the quality of Alentejano (AL) pork and fat are limited. The aim of this work was to study the effects of feeding low (LO) or high oleic acid (HO) diets to AL pigs reared in individual pens (IND) or outdoors (OUT) with access to pasture. Biceps femoris and dorsal subcutaneous fat (DSF) samples were collected to analyse chemical composition and lipids fatty acid (FA) profile. The expression of seven genes involved in lipogenesis, lipolysis and FA transport, as well as two transcription factors were also evaluated in the muscle...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988565/effect-of-age-and-gender-on-carcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-farmed-brown-hares
#19
A Trocino, M Birolo, S Dabbou, F Gratta, N Rigo, G Xiccato
A total of 48 sub-adult hares and adult reproducing farmed hares were used to characterize carcass and meat traits according to the age and gender of animals. With respect to carcass traits, when age increased, the carcass weight significantly increased (2022 to 3391 g; P<0.001), but dressing out percentages did not change. The dissectible fat (1.3% to 2.2%; P<0.05) and Longissimus lumborum (LL) proportions (13.5% to 14.5%; P<0.001) and muscle-to-bone ratio of hind legs (5.11 to 6.23; P<0.001) increased, whereas the hind leg proportions decreased (37...
October 9, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988560/effects-of-replacement-of-moringa-oleifera-for-berseem-clover-in-the-diets-of-nubian-goats-on-feed-utilisation-and-milk-yield-composition-and-fatty-acid-profile
#20
A E Kholif, G A Gouda, O A Olafadehan, M M Abdo
Replacement of conventional feedstuffs with cheap non-conventional ingredients may improve livestock performance and the quality of their products, particularly milk. The study considered the effects of Moringa oleifera (MO) foliage in replacement of berseem clover (BC) on feed utilisation and lactational performance in Nubian goats. A total of 16 lactating Nubian does, weighing 36.2±0.8 kg, were randomly assigned to four experimental treatments containing 0, 125, 250 and 375 g of MO per kg diet to replace 0 (M0), 25 (M25), 50 (M50) and 75% (M75) of BC (on dry matter (DM) basis) in a quadruplicated 4×4 Latin square design...
October 9, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
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