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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449935/pleomorphic-liposarcoma-of-bone-a-rare-primary-malignant-bone-tumour
#1
G L Tiemeier, J M Brown, S E Pratap, C McCarthy, A Kastrenopoulou, K Bradley, S Wilson, Z Orosz, C L M H Gibbons, U Oppermann, N A Athanasou
Background: Liposarcoma is an extremely rare primary bone sarcoma. Case presentation: We report a case of primary pleomorphic liposarcoma that arose in an 18 year old male in the metaphysis of the left tibia. Plain radiographs showed a partly sclerotic lesion and MR imaging a heterogeneous tumour predominantly isointense on T1- and high-signal on T2-weighted sequences with focal areas of increased T1 signal that suppressed with fat saturation. PET/CT showed marked FDG uptake (SUV = 17...
2018: Clinical Sarcoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447203/quantification-of-fetal-organ-volume-and-fat-deposition-following-in-utero-exposure-to-maternal-western-diet-using-mri
#2
Kevin J Sinclair, Lanette J Friesen-Waldner, Colin M McCurdy, Curtis N Wiens, Trevor P Wade, Barbra de Vrijer, Timothy R H Regnault, Charles A McKenzie
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of using MRI to identify differences in liver size and fat deposition in fetal guinea pigs exposed to an in utero environment influenced by maternal consumption of a Western diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female guinea pigs fed either an energy-dense Western Diet (WD), comprised of increased saturated fats and simple sugars, or a Control Diet (CD) from weaning through pregnancy, underwent MR scanning near term (~ 60 days; term ~ 69 days)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444639/differential-expression-of-mrna-isoforms-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-pigs-with-distinct-growth-and-fatness-profiles
#3
Tainã Figueiredo Cardoso, Raquel Quintanilla, Anna Castelló, Rayner González-Prendes, Marcel Amills, Ángela Cánovas
BACKGROUND: The identification of genes differentially expressed in the skeletal muscle of pigs displaying distinct growth and fatness profiles might contribute to identify the genetic factors that influence the phenotypic variation of such traits. So far, the majority of porcine transcriptomic studies have investigated differences in gene expression at a global scale rather than at the mRNA isoform level. In the current work, we have investigated the differential expression of mRNA isoforms in the gluteus medius (GM) muscle of 52 Duroc HIGH (increased backfat thickness, intramuscular fat and saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids contents) and LOW pigs (opposite phenotype, with an increased polyunsaturated fatty acids content)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442459/the-usefulness-of-routinely-used-malnutrition-screening-tools-in-predicting-anemia-in-lung-cancer-patients
#4
Katarzyna A Zabłocka-Słowińska, Monika Kosacka, Irena Porębska, Konrad Pawełczyk, Marcin Gołecki, Jadwiga Biernat, Halina Grajeta
BACKGROUND: Anemia and malnutrition are frequently observed during lung cancer development, and the associations between them have been researched. However, no study concerning the utility of routinely used nutritional screening tools in predicting anemia in lung cancer has been performed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of routinely used malnutrition screening tools in predicting anemia in lung cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-five male patients were recruited to this study...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439472/snacking-patterns-in-children-a-comparison-between-australia-china-mexico-and-the-us
#5
Dantong Wang, Klazine van der Horst, Emma F Jacquier, Myriam C Afeiche, Alison L Eldridge
Snacking is common in children and influenced by many factors. The aim of this study is to provide insight of both common and country-specific characteristics of snacking among 4-13 year old children. We analyzed snacking prevalence, energy and nutrient contributions from snacking across diverse cultures and regions, represented by Australia, China, Mexico, and the US using data from respective national surveys. We found that the highest prevalence of snacking was in Australia and the US (over 95%) where snacking provided one-third and one-quarter of total energy intake (TEI), respectively, followed by Mexico (76%, provided 15% TEI) and China (65%, provided 10% TEI)...
February 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439004/assessing-the-nutrient-intake-of-a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-lchf-diet-a-hypothetical-case-study-design
#6
Caryn Zinn, Amy Rush, Rebecca Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The low-carbohydrate, high-fat (LCHF) diet is becoming increasingly employed in clinical dietetic practice as a means to manage many health-related conditions. Yet, it continues to remain contentious in nutrition circles due to a belief that the diet is devoid of nutrients and concern around its saturated fat content. This work aimed to assess the micronutrient intake of the LCHF diet under two conditions of saturated fat thresholds. DESIGN: In this descriptive study, two LCHF meal plans were designed for two hypothetical cases representing the average Australian male and female weight-stable adult...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437170/carbohydrate-metabolism-and-gene-expression-of-sirtuin-1-in-healthy-subjects-after-sacha-inchi-oil-supplementation-a-randomized-trial
#7
A N Alayón, J G Ortega Avila, I Echeverri Jiménez
BACKGROUND: The postprandial stage is related to cardiovascular risk and it depends on the type of meal consumed. We study the effects of Sacha inchi oil on the postprandial glycemic state caused by meals rich in saturated fat. METHODS AND RESULTS: A double blind randomized trial in which 42 adult men ingested two breakfasts rich in saturated fat, one of them containing additionally 15 mL of Sacha inchi oil. Blood samples were obtained before or after 1 and 4 hours post-ingestion to quantify glucose, insulin and lipid profile in serum...
February 13, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434315/association-of-gut-microbial-communities-with-plasma-lipopolysaccharide-binding-protein-lbp-in-premenopausal-women
#8
Jessica S Citronberg, Keith R Curtis, Emily White, Polly A Newcomb, Katherine Newton, Charlotte Atkinson, Xiaoling Song, Johanna W Lampe, Meredith Aj Hullar
The mechanisms by which obesity increases cancer risk are unclear, but some lines of evidence suggest that gut microbial communities (GMC) may contribute to chronic inflammation in obese individuals through raised systemic levels of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). We evaluated associations of the GMC in stool with plasma LPS-binding protein (LBP, a measure of LPS) and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations in 110 premenopausal women in the United States. Diet was assessed using 3-day food records and GMCs were evaluated using pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene...
February 12, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433283/potential-application-of-lipid-organogels-for-food-industry
#9
REVIEW
Kamila Ferreira Chaves, Daniel Barrera-Arellano, Ana Paula Badan Ribeiro
Controversial issues regarding the role of trans fatty acids in food have led to progressive changes in the legislation of several countries to include more information for consumers. In response, the industries decided to gradually replace trans fat in various products with the development of fatty bases of equivalent functionality and economic viability to partially hydrogenated fats, causing, however, a substantial increase in the content of saturated fatty acids in foods. Today, the lipid science aims to define alternatives to a problem that is widely discussed by health organizations worldwide: limit the saturated fat content in food available to the population...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433253/%C3%AE-carotene-degradation-kinetics-as-affected-by-fat-crystal-network-and-solid-liquid-ratio
#10
Sonia Calligaris, Fabio Valoppi, Luisa Barba, Monica Anese, Maria Cristina Nicoli
The aim of this research was to study β-carotene degradation kinetics into lipid systems containing different fat crystal networks in the presence of increasing liquid oil amounts. To this purpose, fat blends containing liquid saturated medium chain triacylglycerols (MCT) with increasing content of saturated monoglycerides (MG), tripalmitin (PPP) and tristearin (SSS) were added with 0.6mg/g β-carotene. The fat crystal networks formed in the fat blends were characterized by using polarized light microscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430648/effect-of-castration-and-carcass-suspension-method-on-the-quality-and-fatty-acid-profile-of-beef-from-male-dairy-cattle
#11
Yingqun Nian, Paul Allen, Sabine M Harrison, Joseph P Kerry
BACKGROUND: The use of bulls rather than steers for beef production offers some considerable advantages, however, the eating quality of bull beef is an issue of marketing concern. This study assessed the physico-chemical characteristics of young Holstein-Friesian (HF) bull and steer beef. Steer carcasses were suspended by the Achilles tendon (AS) and by Pelvic suspension (PS). RESULTS: HF Steer beef had higher redness, yellowness, and chroma values, while bulls had higher ultimate pH and darker muscle...
February 12, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428883/correlated-responses-to-selection-for-intramuscular-fat-in-several-muscles-in-rabbits
#12
Marina Martínez-Álvaro, Pilar Hernández, Saif Agha, Agustín Blasco
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of six generations of selection for intramuscular fat (IMF) in muscle Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) at 9 wk. in IMF and fatty acid (FA) composition of muscles with diverse metabolic profile in rabbits. Direct response to selection was 0.33 g of IMF/ 100 g of LTL, around 0.4 SD per generation. A positive correlated response was observed in IMF of Biceps femoris, Supraspinatus and Semimembranosus proprius muscles at 9 wk., representing around 0...
February 1, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425478/postprandial-lipid-response-to-high-saturated-and-high-monounsaturated-fat-meals-in-normal-weight-or-overweight-women
#13
Lílian L Lopes, Daniela Mayumi U P Rocha, Alessandra da Silva, Maria do Carmo G Peluzio, Josefina Bressan, Helen Hermana M Hermsdorff
PURPOSE: We evaluated postprandial response of the lipid metabolism markers after the intake of a high-saturated fat (HSM) or high-monounsaturated fat meal (HMM). METHODS: A randomized, controlled and acute intervention study included 63 women (age 26.9 ± 6.1 years): 35 normal weight (NW) and 28 overweight (OW) (total body fat [TBF] 24.7 ± 3.9% and 36.6 ± 3.9%, respectively). After 12 hours of fasting, each subject was given one of the two test meals standardized, including 2 muffins and water (HSM, 42...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422362/multiple-cranial-neuropathies-as-a-presentation-of-spontaneous-internal-carotid-artery-dissection-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Stephen W English, Theodore J Passe, E Paul Lindell, James P Klaas
Cervical artery dissection is an underrecognized cause of lower cranial neuropathies and diagnosis can remain elusive if not properly investigated. We present a case of an internal carotid artery dissection that was initially missed in a 48-year-old man who presented with subacute-onset of dysarthria, dysphagia, and unilateral tongue weakness. Knowledge of the most common presenting symptoms, relevant neuroanatomy, and neuroimaging techniques is essential to avoid misdiagnosis. Pseudoaneurysm formation from subadventitial carotid artery dissection may result in compressive neuropathies of cranial nerves IX, X, XI, and XII without associated cerebral ischemia...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421190/identification-of-a-high-affinity-binding-site-for-abscisic-acid-on-human-lanthionine-synthetase-component-c-like-protein-2
#15
Elena Cichero, Chiara Fresia, Lucrezia Guida, Valeria Booz, Enrico Millo, Claudia Scotti, Luisa Iamele, Hugo de Jonge, Denise Galante, Antonio De Flora, Laura Sturla, Tiziana Vigliarolo, Elena Zocchi, Paola Fossa
Lanthionine synthetase component C-like protein 2 (LANCL2) has been identified as the mammalian receptor mediating the functional effects of the universal stress hormone abscisic acid (ABA) in mammals. ABA stimulates insulin independent glucose uptake in myocytes and adipocytes via LANCL2 binding in vitro, improves glucose tolerance in vivo and induces brown fat activity in vitro and in vivo. The emerging role of the ABA/LANCL2 system in glucose and lipid metabolism makes it an attractive target for pharmacological interventions in diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420991/a-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-diet-is-associated-with-not-only-higher-intakes-of-micronutrients-but-also-higher-intakes-of-saturated-fat-and-sodium-in-japanese-children-and-adolescents-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#16
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
We investigated the hypothesis that the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese children is associated with both favorable and unfavorable aspects of dietary intake. This cross-sectional study was based on 1-day weighed dietary record data from 3866 children in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. Mean dietary GI and GL were, respectively, 63.4 and 108.2 for children aged 1-6 years, 64...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417124/edible-oleogels-an-opportunity-for-fat-replacement-in-foods
#17
REVIEW
Artur J Martins, António A Vicente, Rosiane L Cunha, Miguel A Cerqueira
The scientific and industrial communities have been giving great attention to the development of new bio-based materials with potential use in innovative technological applications. Among these materials are the structures with gel-like behavior that can be used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries, aiming at controlling the physical properties of the final products. In the past ten years, words like oleogels and organogels have been increasingly used, the existing number of manuscripts and patents being proof of this tendency...
February 8, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415478/empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-in-uk-adults-are-associated-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-lifestyle-and-diet-quality
#18
Katharine Roberts, Janet Cade, Jeremy Dawson, Michelle Holdsworth
The aim of this study was to examine empirical dietary patterns in UK adults and their association with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, self-reported nutrient intake, nutrient biomarkers, and the Nutrient-based Diet Quality Score (NDQS) using National Diet and Nutrition Survey data 2008-2012 ( n = 2083; mean age 49 years; 43.3% male). Four patterns explained 13.6% of the total variance: 'Snacks, fast food, fizzy drinks' (SFFFD), 'Fruit, vegetables, oily fish' (FVOF), 'Meat, potatoes, beer' (MPB), and 'Sugary foods, dairy' (SFD)...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414921/microrna-125a-5p-affects-adipocytes-proliferation-differentiation-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-porcine-intramuscular-fat
#19
Jingjing Du, Yan Xu, Peiwen Zhang, Xue Zhao, Mailin Gan, Qiang Li, Jideng Ma, Guoqing Tang, Yanzhi Jiang, Jinyong Wang, Xuewei Li, Shunhua Zhang, Li Zhu
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content and composition are considered crucial indicators of porcine meat quality. However, the molecular mechanism of porcine IMF development is still mostly unclear. Recently, new evidence suggested that microRNA (miRNAs) play important roles in porcine intramuscular adipogenesis. Previously, microRNA-125a-5p (miR-125a-5p) was identified as an important regulator of adipogenesis. In the present study, we found that the expression of miR-125a-5p is dynamically regulated during porcine intramuscular preadipocytes differentiation and that its expression levels in different porcine muscle tissues were negatively involved with IMF content...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413675/fatty-acid-composition-of-polar-and-neutral-meat-lipids-of-goats-browsing-in-native-pasture-of-brazilian-semiarid
#20
Natália L O Fonteles, Susana P Alves, Marta Suely Madruga, Rita R E Queiroga, Albericio P Andrade, Divan S Silva, Amanda P Leal, Rui J B Bessa, Ariosvaldo N Medeiros
Thirty six male goats grazing Caatinga native pasture were randomly assigned to 4 concentrate supplementation levels (0, 5, 10 and 15g/kg of body weight) and slaughtered after 120days. Longissimus muscle meat lipids were extracted and fractionated into neutral (NL) and polar (PL) lipids. Supplementation of grazing goats increased linearly (P<0.05) intramuscular fat (1 to 1.5% of meat) and NL (0.3 to 1% of meat) but decreased linearly (P=0.044) the PL (0.66 to 0.50% of meat). On NL, supplementation increased linearly (P=0...
February 3, 2018: Meat Science
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