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Pediatric plastic surgery

Klajdi Puka, Mary Lou Smith
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the long-term cognitive outcomes following pediatric epilepsy surgery. Although the evidence for change within the first 2 years is not compelling, the plasticity of the immature brain may allow for improvements in the long term. This study examined memory function in a cohort of surgical and nonsurgical patients at baseline and 4-11 years after. METHOD: Participants were 88 patients (mean age 20.05, standard deviation [SD] 4.21 years) with childhood-onset intractable epilepsy; 53 had undergone resective epilepsy surgery...
October 12, 2016: Epilepsia
Natashia M Seemann, Sebastian K King, Abdul Elkadri, Thomas Walters, Joel Fish, Jacob C Langer
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Perianal Crohn's disease (PCD) can affect both quality of life and psychological wellbeing. A subset of pediatric patients with complex PCD require surgical intervention, although appropriate timing and treatment regimens remain unclear. This study aimed to describe a large pediatric cohort in a tertiary center to determine the range of surgical management in children with complex PCD. METHODS: A retrospective review of children requiring operative intervention for PCD over 13 years (2002-2014) was performed...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
G Magalon
In this document, Pr Guy Magalon presents a reflection on the plastic pediatric surgery drawn from 30 years of surgical practice. His thinking is supported by several examples of plastic surgery results from children reviewed in adulthood. These cases highlight the evolution of surgical practices and the need for continuing education for surgeons to adapt to technical progress. Professor Magalon honors his masters and shares his personal vision of the principles of pediatric plastic surgery.
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Martin Sievert, Igor Zwir, Kevin M Cloninger, Nigel Lester, Sandor Rozsa, C Robert Cloninger
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors influence the decision to enter a career in medicine and choose a specialty. Previous studies have looked at personality differences in medicine but often were unable to describe the heterogeneity that exists within each specialty. Our study used a person-centered approach to characterize the complex relations between the personality profiles of resident physicians and their choice of specialty. METHODS: 169 resident physicians at a large Midwestern US training hospital completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)...
2016: PeerJ
Joseph Lopez, Nicholas Calotta, Ankur Doshi, Ashwin Soni, Jacqueline Milton, James W May, Anthony P Tufaro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine and characterize the scientific and nonscientific factors that influence the rate of article citation in the field of plastic surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We reviewed all entries in Annals of Plastic Surgery and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007; and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Matthew A Sullivan, Charles J Cogan, Joshua M Adkinson
Pediatric hand injuries are extremely common. Although many hand injuries are adequately managed in the emergency department, some may need evaluation and treatment by a pediatric hand surgeon to ensure a good functional outcome. This article discusses the diagnosis and management of the most common pediatric hand maladies: fingertip injuries/amputation, tendon injuries, and phalangeal and metacarpal fractures. The plastic surgery nurse should be familiar with hand injuries that require intervention to facilitate efficient management and optimal postoperative care...
July 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
Cristina M Beltran-Aroca, Eloy Girela-Lopez, Eliseo Collazo-Chao, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero, Maria C Muñoz-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: Respect for confidentiality is important to safeguard the well-being of patients and ensure the confidence of society in the doctor-patient relationship. The aim of our study is to examine real situations in which there has been a breach of confidentiality, by means of direct observation in clinical practice. METHODS: By means of direct observation, our study examines real situations in which there has been a breach of confidentiality in a tertiary hospital...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Jason L Sanders, Ali S Raja, Kohei Hasegawa, Jane Bittner, Janice A Espinola, Brianna Olamiju, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) consultation is a common practice. There are few data on consultant availability or changes in availability over time, which may hinder resource planning and allocation. We conduct serial surveys of Massachusetts EDs to investigate these trends. METHODS: We surveyed ED directors in Massachusetts in 2006 (n=61 EDs), 2009 (n=63), and 2015 (n=63) about ED characteristics in the previous year, including specialty-specific consultant availability in person (yes/no) and continuous consultant availability (yes/no)...
October 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
C Depoortère, C François, A Belkhou, V Duquennoy-Martinot, P Guerreschi
Skin graft is a skin tissue fragment transferred from a donor site to a receiving site with a spontaneous revascularization. Basic process of plastic surgery, skin graft known in children, specific, warnings and refinements. It finds its indication in many pediatric cases: integumental diseases (neavus, hamartoma), acute burns and scars, traumatic loss of substance or surgically induced, congenital malformations of the hands and feet, etc. Specific skin graft techniques in children are developed: donor sites, sampling technique and procedure, early postoperative care...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Maximiliano Alejo Maricic, María Marcela Bailez, Susana P Rodriguez
UNLABELLED: We present the results of the validation of an inanimate model created for training thoracoscopic treatment of esophageal atresia with lower tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used different domestic materials such as a piece of wood (support), corrugated plastic tubes (PVC) of different sizes to simulate ribs, intercostal spaces, trachea and spine and tubular latex balloons to simulate the esophagus and lungs to make the basic model...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Nakul P Valsangkar, Tiffany W Liang, Paul J Martin, John S Mayo, Carlo Maria Rosati, David V Feliciano, Teresa A Zimmers, Leonidas G Koniaris
BACKGROUND: Research and innovation are crucial to advancements in medicine and improvements in patient care. The contribution of surgical fellowships to scholarly productivity is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of subspecialty fellowships on academic output in departments of surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined fellowships offered at the top 50 university-based National Institutes of Health-funded and top 5 academically prolific hospital-based departments of surgery...
August 11, 2016: Surgery
L Gottrand, F Devinck, V Martinot Duquennoy, P Guerreschi
Physical, non-painful processes guide the scar reshaping in children in order to prevent growth anomalies due to cutaneous shrinkage. The objective of the surgical treatment, coordinated with the reeducation care, is to improve the physical abilities of the skin, to restore the function and avoid the deformations. Reeducation uses various techniques (i.e. sensitive-motility, massage and mobilizations) with or without physical agent (water, aspiration and touch-drive technique). Posture and positioning rely on the small or major aids, from orthosis to prosthesis...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Faryan Jalalabadi, Jeffrey G Trost, Joshua A Cox, Edward I Lee, Crystal Y Pourciau
The timely diagnosis and treatment of dermatologic disease in the pediatric population can be challenging. A basic, yet comprehensive knowledge of common lesions is essential for a successful practice in plastic surgery. In this article, the authors describe vascular, cystic, and pigmented cutaneous lesions that are commonly encountered in the pediatric population. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical course, and management options are discussed for each.
August 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
Alexandre Marchac, Tomasine Kuschner, John Paris, Arnaud Picard, Marie Paule Vazquez, Laurent Lantieri
BACKGROUND: In 2005, face transplantation ceased to be fiction and became a scientific reality. Today, 10 teams from six different countries have performed 32 face transplantations. Immunosuppressive treatments are similar to other solid organ transplants, and patients have experienced a significant functional improvement. The authors are logically considering expanding face transplantation to children; however, children are not simply small adults. METHODS: The authors searched for pediatric patients in need of restoration of fundamental functions of the face, such as orbicularis oris or oculi muscle closure by, first, selecting cases from a pediatric plastic surgery reference center and, second, analyzing the feasibility of face transplantation in those patients...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nisha Chadha, Ji Liu, Jessica S Maslin, Christopher C Teng
BACKGROUND: Resident procedure minimums have been established in surgical training programs to ensure adequate training experience. However, achievement of these minimums may fluctuate. Review of resident experience is essential for maintaining successful training curricula. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in ophthalmology resident surgical experience from 2009 to 2015. METHODS: This was a database study reviewing Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education ophthalmology resident surgical case logs...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Marisa Pulcrano, Stephen R T Evans, Michael Sosin
Importance: Establishing strategies to minimize the burden of burnout and poor quality of life (QOL) on surgeons relies on a thorough understanding of QOL and burnout among the various surgical specialties. Objectives: To systematically review the literature across multiple surgical specialties and provide a comprehensive understanding of QOL and burnout among all surgeons, to delineate variation in rates of burnout and poor QOL, and to elucidate factors that are commonly implicated in these outcomes...
July 13, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Murat Kutlay, Cahit Kural, Ilker Solmaz, Ozkan Tehli, Caglar Temiz, Mehmet Daneyemez, Yusuf Izci
AIM: To present a new simple disposable tubular retractor which provides fully endoscopic resections of the intraaxial brain lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 13 patients underwent surgical resection of an intraaxial brain lesion larger than 3 cm with a fully endoscopic approach using the navigation-guided pediatric anoscope. The anoscope was adapted to serve as a tubular retractor. All lesions were resected under endoscopic visualization and navigation guidance...
2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Robert Baird, Dan Poenaru, Michael Ganey, Erik Hansen, Sherif Emil
BACKGROUND: In pediatric surgery, significant differences in education and practice exist between developed and developing nations. We compared the training of senior fellows in a Canadian and a Kenyan pediatric surgery training program, and evaluated a fellow exchange between the programs. METHODS: The study was performed six years after creation of the exchange program. Areas studied included case volume and distribution, length of training, curriculum, work hours, and an estimate of service to education ratio...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
N Dégardin, C Jaloux, S Mallet, S Hesse, J Bardot
The presence of a congenital or acquired cutaneous lesion is a frequent reason for consultation in pediatric plastic surgery unit. The management of these lesions requires a good knowledge of specific diagnoses in children. This step is sometimes difficult because of the multiplicity of possible diagnosis. Some skin tumors may be the external sign of a general disease or an underlying malformation; those can change the overall prognosis and management and require to be properly identified. The decision of surgical excision depends on various criteria, including diagnosis but also the reconstruction possibilities...
June 30, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Maeve O'Neill Trudeau, Mamta Swaroop, David H Rothstein
BACKGROUND: Although interest in practicing surgery in resource-constrained settings is on the rise among graduating US surgical residents, there is ongoing debate about an optimal humanitarian skill set for surgeons who chose to work in such settings. In addition, increased emphasis on general surgery case exposure at the cost of specialty surgery case exposure has been documented and may have a negative impact on the breadth of resident training. Review of general surgery resident case logs to gauge experience in specialty surgery may provide insight into residents' readiness for work in resource-limited settings...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
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