keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Depressive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342446/the-impact-of-happy-and-angry-faces-on-working-memory-in-depressed-adolescents
#1
Laura Wante, Sven C Mueller, Sofie Cromheeke, Caroline Braet
Recent cognitive models suggest that the ability to control emotional information in working memory (WM) may be implicated in the etiology and maintenance of depression. However, few studies have examined the effects of processing relevant and irrelevant emotional stimuli on WM performance in depressed adolescents. In the current study, depressed adolescents (n = 27) and healthy adolescents (n = 49) completed two versions of an emotional n-back task: a low WM load (0-back) task and a high WM load (2-back) task...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342314/fatigue-is-a-relevant-outcome-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#2
Christopher Tran, Vera Bril, Hans D Katzberg, Carolina Barnett
INTRODUCTION: Patients with myasthenia gravis often experience fatigue, but its effect on quality of life (QoL) is underestimated, and fatigue is rarely measured in clinical trials. METHODS: 257 myasthenic patients completed the Neuro-QoL-Fatigue and measures of disease severity and QoL. We studied the relationship between fatigue, clinical, and demographic variables. Finally, we studied the responsiveness of the Neuro-QoL-Fatigue in 95 patients receiving treatments for myasthenia, and estimated the minimal important difference (MID)...
January 17, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342081/age-and-gender-differences-in-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-and-whites-findings-from-the-2016-national-health-interview-survey
#3
Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson
Previous studies report a race and mental health paradox: Whites score higher on measures of major depression compared to African Americans, but the opposite is true for psychological distress (i.e., African Americans score higher on distress measures compared to Whites). Independently, race, age, and gender outcomes for psychological distress are well documented in the literature. However, there is relatively little research on how psychological distress interferes with the lives of African Americans and Whites at the intersection of their various race, age, and gender identities...
January 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341943/beneficial-effect-of-chronic-treatment-with-extracts-from-rhodiola-rosea-l-and-curcuma-longa-l-on-the-immunoreactivity-of-animals-subjected-to-a-chronic-mild-stress-model
#4
Liliya V Vasileva, Kremena Е Saracheva, Mariya V Ivanovska, Atanaska P Petrova, Emir Sucouglu, Mariana A Murdjeva, Damyanka P Getova-Spasova
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in depression. AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of extracts from Rhodiola and Curcuma on immunoreactivity of animals subjected to a chronic mild stress (CMS) model followed by lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats (n=56) divided in 7 groups were treated orally with: distilled water 10 ml/kg (control and CMS model groups); Rhodiola 250 mg/kg; Rhodiola 500 mg/kg; Curcuma 250 mg/kg; Curcuma 500 mg/kg, Rhodiola 250 mg/kg and Curcuma 250 mg/kg...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341893/targeting-bdnf-modulation-by-plant-glycosides-as-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-in-the-treatment-of-depression
#5
REVIEW
Haroon Khan, Surriya Amin, Seema Patel
Current therapies in clinical practice face strong criticism regarding their efficacy, and side effects, which forced the neuro-researchers to discover novel agents with different mechanistic insights. Glycosides are naturally-occurring plant secondary metabolites with significant medicinal potential and clinical scope as antidepressant. The aim of this review is to focus on the antidepressant effects of glycosides in preclinical studies, with an emphasis on the possible mechanisms. The literature search revealed that only a few phytoglycosides have been evaluated for their relevance in depression alleviation...
January 13, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341869/a-report-of-the-24th-annual-congress-on-women-s-health-workshop-on-transforming-women-s-health-from-research-to-practice
#6
Jennifer L Plank-Bazinet, Annie Sampson, Susan G Kornstein, Gregory G Germino, Marjorie Robert-Guroff, Stephen E Gilman, Cora Lee Wetherington, Nakela Cook, Terri L Cornelison, Lisa Begg, Janine Austin Clayton
Sex and gender are critical contributors to overall health and disease, and considering both in research informs the development of prevention strategies and treatment interventions for both men and women. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Research on Women's Health sponsored a preconference workshop on this topic at the 24th Annual Women's Health Congress, which was held in Crystal City, VA, in April 2016. The workshop featured presentations by NIH intramural and extramural scientists who presented data on a variety of topics including polycystic kidney disease, vaccine protection, depression, drug addiction, and cardiovascular disease...
January 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341320/spatiotemporal-metabolic-and-therapeutic-characterization-of-altered-functional-connectivity-in-major-depressive-disorder
#7
Jintao Sheng, Yuedi Shen, Yanhua Qin, Lei Zhang, Binjia Jiang, Yaoyao Li, Luoyi Xu, Wei Chen, Jinhui Wang
Although imbalanced functional integration has been increasingly reported in major depressive disorder (MDD), there still lacks a general framework to characterize common characteristic and origin shared by the integrative disturbances. Here we examined spatial selectivity, temporal uniqueness, metabolic basis, and therapeutic response of altered functional connectivity (FC) in MDD by analyzing both cross-sectional and longitudinal multimodal functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 35 patients and 34 demographically matched healthy controls...
January 17, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341270/pre-transplant-depression-in-lung-recipients-a-lost-battle
#8
Ivan Knezevic, Bojan Zalar
What have we learned so far about the relationship of the recipient's pre-transplant depression and his survival after lung transplantation? First, every chronic disease is always accompanied by somatic changes, functional limitations and emotional, cognitive and social changes as part of the disease. From the first symptoms, to the time of diagnosis of the chronic disease with the expected future, the patient is exposed to the terrible stress of denying and accepting life with a serious chronic illness whose end result is death...
January 16, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341070/personality-changes-during-the-transition-from-cognitive-health-to-mild-cognitive-impairment
#9
Richard J Caselli, Blake T Langlais, Amylou C Dueck, Bruce R Henslin, Travis A Johnson, Bryan K Woodruff, Charlene Hoffman-Snyder, Dona E C Locke
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Behavioral problems in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) impose major management challenges. Current prevention strategies are anchored to cognitive outcomes, but behavioral outcomes may provide another, clinically relevant opportunity for preemptive therapy. We sought to determine whether personality changes that predispose to behavioral disorders arise during the transition from preclinical AD to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort study...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341058/-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-and-catatonia-in-a-patient-with-psychotic-depression
#10
W Kerkhof, K Abrahams, J Vandenberghe
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (tcmp) is an acute, reversible disruption of the left ventricular systolic function. In many respects the clinical presentation closely resembles acute coronary syndromes (myocardial infarction). tcmp is a syndrome with a pathophysiology that is not fully understood and which seems to be closely associated with psychiatric disorders or psychological problems. We present a case in which a patient with several risk factors developed a tcmp and a depression with psychotic features, followed by catatonia...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341039/covert-hepatic-encephalopathy-leads-to-distinct-alterations-in-the-emotional-state-independently-of-meld-score
#11
Robin Greinert, Cristina Ripoll, Alexander Zipprich
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:  Covert hepatic encephalopathy impairs many aspects of quality of life, although its impact on the emotional state has not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the impact of covert hepatic encephalopathy on the emotional state and which factors are associated with changes in the emotional state in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS:  This single-center study included all patients with cirrhosis who underwent the portosystemic encephalopathy syndrome (PSE) test, critical flicker frequency, and emotional state assessment with the Eigenschaftswörterliste 60-S in 2011...
January 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341023/anesthesia-and-monitoring-of-animals-during-mri-studies
#12
Jordi L Tremoleda, Sven Macholl, Jane K Sosabowski
The use of imaging represents a major impact on the refinement and the reduction of in vivo studies in animal models, in particular for allowing longitudinal monitoring of the onset and the progression of disease within the same animal, and studying the biological effects of drug candidate and their therapeutic effectiveness. But the use of imaging procedures can affect animal physiology, and the need to anesthetize the animals for imaging entails potential health risks. During anesthesia, there is an inevitable autonomic nervous system depression which induces cardiovascular depression, respiratory depression, and hypothermia...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340965/emotional-and-social-characteristics-of-stroke-patients-with-low-verbal-memory
#13
Ewa Zawadzka, Łucja Domańska
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits, especially problems with memory observed after stroke often coexist with patients' experience of difficulties in everyday life situations. AIMS: The purposes of the study were to explore the relationships between verbal memory, emotional functioning and social competence in stroke patients, and to examine the emotional and social condition of stroke patients with low verbal memory. METHODS: Ninety-five participants were assessed with the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile, and the Social Competency Questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340941/internal-medicine-residents-attitudes-toward-simulated-depressed-cardiac-patients-during-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-randomized-study
#14
Kathleen Crapanzano, Dixie Fisher, Rebecca Hammarlund, Eric P Hsieh, Win May
BACKGROUND: Physician biases toward mental conditions such as depression have been shown to adversely affect medical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between residents' explicit bias toward depressed patients and their clinical skills on a cardiac case during an objective structured clinical exam (OSCE). DESIGN: Prospective parallel randomized controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-five internal medicine residents from three residency programs in two states...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340928/microbiota-signaling-pathways-that-influence-neurologic-disease
#15
REVIEW
Laura M Cox, Howard L Weiner
Though seemingly distinct and autonomous, emerging evidence suggests there is a bidirectional interaction between the intestinal microbiota and the brain. This crosstalk may play a substantial role in neurologic diseases, including anxiety, depression, autism, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and, potentially, Alzheimer's disease. Long hypothesized by Metchnikoff and others well over 100 years ago, investigations into the mind-microbe axis is now seeing a rapid resurgence of research. If specific pathways and mechanisms of interaction are understood, it could have broad therapeutic potential, as the microbiome is environmentally acquired and can be modified to promote health...
January 16, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340911/prevalence-of-sexual-violence-and-its-association-with-depression-among-male-and-female-patients-with-risky-drug-use-in-urban-federally-qualified-health-centers
#16
Curtis W Bone, Amelia M Goodfellow, Mani Vahidi, Lillian Gelberg
Sexual violence (SV) is common; however, the prevalence of SV and its long term sequela vary geographically and among subpopulations within the USA. As such, the aims of this study are the following: (1) to determine the prevalence of SV, (2) to identify correlates of SV, and (3) to determine if SV is associated with depression among male and female risky drug users in urban Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in Los Angeles. This study includes adult patients of five urban FQHCs who self-reported risky drug use...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340877/brief-report-subjective-social-mobility-and-depressive-symptoms-in-syrian-refugees-to-germany
#17
Frank Euteneuer, Sarina J Schäfer
Previous findings indicate that refugees are at increased risk for mental health problems. In addition to stressful pre-migration experiences, post-migration factors may contribute to poor mental health outcomes. Among immigrants to the United States, downward mobility in subjective social status (SSS) was associated with depression, corroborating the potentially detrimental mental health consequences of a decline in one's perceived social position. The present study examined whether downward mobility in SSS among male refugees from Syria to Germany is associated with depression...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340844/comments-on-insomnia-postpartum-depression-and-estradiol-in-women-after-delivery
#18
EDITORIAL
Maryam Masoudi, Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340805/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Sherif Sakr, Ada Al-Qunaibet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases account for nearly one third of all deaths globally. Improving exercise capacity and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been an important target to reduce cardiovascular events. In addition, the American Heart Association defined decreased physical activity as the fourth risk factor for coronary artery disease. Multiple large cohort studies have evaluated the impact of CRF on outcomes. In this review, we will discuss the role of CRF in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
January 16, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340802/longitudinal-trajectories-of-antidepressant-use-in-pregnancy-and-the-postnatal-period
#20
Gretchen Bandoli, Grace M Kuo, Renu Sugathan, Christina D Chambers, Matthieu Rolland, Kristin Palmsten
Studies of antidepressant safety in pregnancy typically do not address complex patterns of use throughout pregnancy. We performed longitudinal trajectory modeling to describe patterns of antidepressant use in the first 32 weeks of pregnancy, and test whether these trajectories are associated with a reduction in birth weight or gestational age at delivery. Our study included 166 pregnant women with deliveries between 2011 and 2015 who were prescribed an antidepressant between 91 days prior to last menstrual period and 32 weeks of gestation...
January 16, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
keyword
keyword
15787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"