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Dacryocystorhinostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723734/transcanalicular-diode-laser-assisted-revision-surgery-for-failed-dacryocystorhinostomy-with-or-without-distal-or-common-canalicular-obstruction
#1
Je Moon Yoon, Seung Wan Nam, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of transcanalicular diode laser-assisted revision surgery for failed dacryocystorhinostomy with/without distal or common canalicular obstruction. METHODS: The medical records and recorded videos of consecutive transcanalicular diode laser-assisted revision surgeries performed for failed dacryocystorhinostomy between May 2011 and May 2015 were reviewed. Cases of unavailability of video and cases lost to follow up after surgery were excluded from the study...
July 18, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722501/pediatric-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-multicenter-series-of-116-cases
#2
WengOnn Chan, Geoff Wilcsek, Raf Ghabrial, Robert Alan Goldberg, Peter Dolman, Dinesh Selva, Raman Malhotra
We report our experience with pediatric endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Multicenter, retrospective, noncomparative study. Cases of pediatric endonasal DCR during 2006-2011 were included from six oculoplastic units. Patients over the age of 16 years were excluded. The outcomes of pediatric endonasal DCR are presented. Indication for surgery, demographics, previous interventions, intraoperative or postoperative complications, follow-up duration, and success rate (defined as significant improvement of epiphora) were evaluated...
July 19, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715040/-taste-dysfunction-dysgeusia-and-radioiodine-therapy-of-thyroid-cancer-be-aware-of-side-effects-by-antidepressants-and-sedatives
#3
Markus Dietlein, Alexander Drzezga
In addition to xerostomia, taste dysfunction (hypo-, dysgeusia) is an independent side effect of radioiodine therapy of thyroid cancer. Hypogeusia results from damage of the small mucous salivary glands in the vicinity of the taste buds. Particularly in those patients, who are treated with drugs such as antidepressants or sedatives, taste dysfunction becomes frequently clinically symptomatic. If feasible, therapy regimens bearing a potential risk for taste dysfunction should be switched. Additional damage to taste function should be minimalized, including cessation of smoking, change of agents for dental hygiene, and change of toothpaste...
July 17, 2017: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705661/canaliculorhinostomy-indications-and-surgical-results
#4
Jung Hye Lee, Stephanie Ming Young, Yoon-Duck Kim, Kyung In Woo, Jung-Hoon Yum
PURPOSE: To report the surgical results of canaliculorhinostomy for patients with distal canalicular obstruction and lacking a structurally functional lacrimal sac who would otherwise require a conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy(CDCR) with Jones tube placement. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. METHODS: • Setting: Single tertiary institution. • Period: November 1994 to June 2011. • Patient Population: 16 patients with canalicular obstruction at or beyond 8 mm from the punctum, with an absent or unidentifiable lacrimal sac...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700403/a-lacrimal-gland-choristoma-of-the-lacrimal-sac
#5
Yvonne Wang, Frederick A Jakobiec, Fouad R Zakka, Nahyoung Grace Lee
Choristomatous lacrimal gland tissue has been detected in many different sites of the ocular adnexa, but has never before been convincingly described in the submucosa of the lacrimal sac. A 77-year-old woman with epiphora had a biopsy of the sac wall preformed during a dacryocystorhinostomy that contained such a lacrimal choristoma. Zymogen granules were found in the cytoplasm of the secretory cells with the periodic acid-Schiff reaction. No mucus-producing cells, as found in normal sac submucosal glands, were detected using the Alcian blue, mucicarmine, and Gomori methenamine silver histochemical stains...
July 10, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644515/comment-on-mucosal-and-lacrimal-flaps-for-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-systematic-review
#6
LETTER
R Lenzi, L Muscatello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643708/residency-evaluation-and-adherence-design-study-young-ophthalmologists-perception-of-their-residency-programs-clinical-and-surgical-skills
#7
Parikshit Gogate, Partha Biswas, Sundaram Natarajan, Dandapani Ramamurthy, Debashish Bhattacharya, Karl Golnik, Barun Kumar Nayak
BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636742/results-of-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Sat Paul Gulati, Raman Wadhera, Ashok Kumar Khurana, Nidhi Singh, Vijay Kalra, Anju Ghai
We conducted a prospective interventional study to evaluate the role of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy in children. Our study population was made up of 20 patients-18 boys and 2 girls, aged 2 to 12 years (mean: 5.3)-who presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of nasolacrimal duct blockage that was refractory to conventional medical treatment. In all cases, blockage was confirmed by nasolacrimal duct syringing that demonstrated regurgitation from the opposite punctum. The primary outcome measures for success were resolution of symptoms and duct patency on lacrimal irrigation...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622317/assessment-of-patient-reported-outcome-and-quality-of-life-improvement-following-surgery-for-epiphora
#9
Z Sipkova, O Vonica, O Olurin, E E Obi, A R Pearson
PurposeTo assess and compare the subjective improvement in symptoms and quality of life in adult patients who underwent commonly performed oculoplastic surgical interventions to treat epiphora.Materials and methodsA prospective study was undertaken involving all adult patients undergoing dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR), lid tightening (lateral tarsal strip or lateral wedge resection), and punctoplasty surgery at our institution. We assessed severity of epiphora preoperatively using the Munk score. At 3 months postoperatively, all patients were sent postal questionnaires comprising of Munk score, 'social impact score' from validated Lac-Q questionnaire ranging from 0 (no impact) to 5 (maximal negative impact) and Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) score, ranging from -100 (maximal detriment) to +100 (maximal benefit)...
June 16, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555272/anatomical-variants-and-bilateral-lacrimal-pathways-surgery-avoiding-unnecessary-surgery
#10
Alberto Raposo, Francisco García-Purriños, Francisco Piqueras, María Ll Martínez-Martinez, Jerónimo Lajara
Success rates (SR) of transcanalicular diode laser-assisted dacryocystorhinostomy (TCL DCR) may be affected by the presence of nasal anatomical variations and additionally by whether or not the pathology is bilateral. The aim is to determine whether it is necessary to perform preliminary nasal anatomical variations surgery and to determine whether bilateral cases may be operated simultaneously. We extracted the patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TCL DCR and we compared SR across the different groups using ANOVA, Chi-square testing and logistical regression...
August 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550338/a-comparative-study-of-modified-transcanalicular-diode-laser-dacryocystorhinostomy-versus-conventional-transcanalicular-diode-laser-dacryocystorhinostomy
#11
Eduardo Damous Feijó, Juliana Alves Caixeta, Ana Carla de Souza Nery, Roberto Murillo Limongi, Suzana Matayoshi
External dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the gold standard surgical technique for the treatment of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO). However, new techniques such as endoscopic DCR and transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy (T-DCR) are being studied in an attempt to reduce surgical time, avoid external scarring and preserve the lacrimal pump while achieving the same efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy between conventional T-DCR and modified transcanalicular dacryocystorhinostomy (MT-DCR) in patients with PANDO...
August 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512307/comparing-the-success-rate-of-dacryocystorhinostomy-with-and-without-silicone-intubation-a-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#12
ChuanQi Xie, Lingling Zhang, Yang Liu, Hong Ma, Shuzhen Li
A previous meta-analysis reported no benefit for silicone intubation during dacryocystorhinostomy. However, the power of this meta-analysis was 0.274. Therefore, the benefit of silicone intubation remains controversial. We undertook a cumulative meta-analysis to evaluate the success rate of dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) with and without the use of a stent. Pubmed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched. Statistical power and trial sequential analyses were performed according to the result of the meta-analysis...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509331/anatomic-landmarks-in-lacrimal-surgery-from-an-ophthalmologist-s-point-of-view
#13
REVIEW
Jens Heichel, Hans-Gert Struck, Anja Viestenz, Thomas Hammer, Arne Viestenz, Miltiadis Fiorentzis
Epiphora is a common clinical symptom of nasolacrimal duct obstruction. However, it is present in several pathologies and can lead to decreased quality of life for patients. A careful clinical examination including a detailed patient's history and diagnostic tests such as the fluorescein dye disappearance test and diagnostic syringing of the lacrimal duct are essential. Depending on the time of presentation (congenital, primary or secondary acquired), grade (subtotal or total) and location of the stenosis, different surgical approaches can be considered...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490404/causes-of-dacryocystorhinostomy-failure-external-versus-endoscopic-approach
#14
Giant C Lin, Christopher D Brook, Mark P Hatton, Ralph Metson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the causes of failure between external and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) techniques for the treatment of lacrimal obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The study population consisted of 53 consecutive patients who underwent revision endoscopic DCR from 2002 to 2013 for lacrimal duct obstruction. Identified causes of previous DCR failure were compared between patients whose initial surgery was performed through an external versus an endoscopic approach...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470654/-dacryoliths-and-iatrogenic-foreign-bodies-as-classical-triggers-for-inflammatory-pseudotumors-of-the-lacrimal-drainage-system
#15
J Heichel, C Neumann, D Bethmann, U Siebolts, T Hammer, H-G Struck
Background Tumors of the lacrimal duct are rare. Inflammatory pseudotumors do not represent neoplasias as such. Chronic inflammation may lead to an angiomatous granulation tissue. Patients The first case presents a 53-year-old male patient suffering a mass of the mediocaudal orbit after an acute dacryocystitis has been cured. Using diagnostic dacryoendoscopy, a large dacryolith was detected. Removing the concrement, via external dacryocystorhinostomy, a polypous tissue appeared which was resected as well. The second case concerns a 29-year-old female patient...
May 3, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457290/effectiveness-of-sodium-hyaluronate-protad-application-in-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy
#16
Jinhwan Park, Joonsik Lee, Sungmin Jang, Hwa Lee, Minwook Chang, Minsoo Park, Sehyun Baek
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of applying sodium hyaluronate solution (Protad) intraoperatively during endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy. METHODS: A retrospective medical record review of all 254 patients (254 eyes) who underwent endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy for nasolacrimal duct obstruction was performed. The success rates and postoperative complications of the Protad application group (105 eyes) and the control group (149 eyes) were compared. RESULTS: The Protad group had better anatomical (96...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448722/immunostaining-of-immunoglobulin-g4-in-the-lacrimal-sac
#17
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hiroshi Ikeda, Emiko Takahashi, Hirohiko Kakizaki
PURPOSE: To immunohistochemically examine the lacrimal sac walls harvested during dacryocystorhinostomy using an immunostain for immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4). METHODS: Forty-four lacrimal sac walls were evaluated. We determined "intensively positive," "sparsely positive," or "negative" staining when the specimens showed IgG4-positive lymphoplasmacytic staining with or without >50 IgG4-positive cells/high-power field, or the absence of stained IgG4-positive cells...
April 27, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444824/a-comparison-between-patients-with-epiphora-and-cataract-of-the-activity-limitations-they-experience-in-daily-life-due-to-their-visual-disability
#18
Elin Bohman, Maria Wyon, Mats Lundström, Eva Dafgård Kopp
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare patients with epiphora and cataract in terms of the activity limitations they experience in daily life due to their visual disability and to validate the use of the Catquest-9SF questionnaire for epiphora patients. METHODS: Seventy-two consecutively encountered adult patients with confirmed lacrimal obstruction and listed for dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) or lacrimal intubation at the St. Erik Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, completed the Catquest-9SF questionnaire, which measures activity limitations in daily life due to visual disability...
April 26, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388347/endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-following-radioactive-iodine-thyroid-ablation
#19
Sarah H Van Tassel, Kira L Segal, Nicole M Hsu, Ashutosh Kacker, Gary J Lelli
This article evaluates the efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (eDCR) for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) in patients exposed to radioactive iodine (RAI) for treatment of thyroid carcinoma. Retrospective chart review of 7 eDCR procedures was performed on 6 patients, aged 18 or older, with prior RAI treatment, who underwent eDCR between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2013 for treatment of epiphora due to NLDO. Average time to tube removal was 159 days, and average follow-up was 341 days. One patient noted complete epiphora relief at the time of their final visit...
April 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380654/-graduated-treatment-concept-for-connatal-dacryostenosis
#20
J Heichel
Unresolved epiphora in childhood is one of the most frequent issues in paediatric ophthalmology. In this context, connatal nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) is the most important differential diagnosis and the condition is caused by a persistent Hasner's membrane in most cases. As there is a risk of complications, treatment should be considered. Therapeutic options include conservative and invasive approaches. As CNLDO is associated with high spontaneous recovery rates during the first years of life, the indication for invasive interventions must be carefully deliberated in that period...
April 5, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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