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Dacryocystorhinostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913995/intraoperatively-observed-lacrimal-obstructive-features-and-surgical-outcomes-in-external-dacryocystorhinostomy
#1
Min Joung Lee, Sang In Khwarg, In Hyuk Kim, Jeong Hoon Choi, Youn Joo Choi, Namju Kim, Ho Kyung Choung
PURPOSE: To analyze the features of lacrimal drainage system obstruction confirmed during external dacryocystorhinostomy surgeries and report the surgical outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of a total of 769 cases who underwent external dacryocystorhinostomy for primary lacrimal drainage obstruction between 2005 and 2014. Data about detailed location and extent of obstruction were collected intraoperatively. The sites of obstruction were classified into nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO), common canalicular obstruction (CCO), and canalicular obstruction...
August 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895636/-minimally-invasive-therapy-of-lacrimal-drainage-system-stenosis
#2
Georgia Avgitidou, Konrad R Koch, Ludwig M Heindl
Epiphora is one of the most common symptoms for clinical ophthalmological consultation. This symptom is mostly caused by stenosis of the lacrimal drainage system. Over a century, external dacryocystostomy according to Toti was the treatment of choice. Today, new very encouraging minimally invasive techniques for recanalisation of the lacrimal drainage system, such as microdrilldacryoplasty or laserdacryoplasty, as well as bypass-based techniques, such as transcanalicular laser-assisted dacryocystorhinostomy, become more important in the treatment of dacryostenosis...
September 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860918/accidentally-diagnosed-transitional-cell-papilloma-of-the-lacrimal-sac
#3
Tarjani Vivek Dave, Dilip Mishra, Ruchi Mittal, Mohammad Javed Ali
Lacrimal sac tumors are extremely rare but can be life threatening. Seventy percent of lacrimal sac tumors are of epithelial origin. Inverted transitional cell papilloma of the lacrimal sac is a rare epithelial sinonasal tumor of benign etiology with local invasion and malignant potential. These lesions may remain undiagnosed or may present with signs and symptoms of dacryocystitis or may transform to transitional cell carcinomas. Most lesions are diagnosed intra-operatively while performing a dacryocystorhinostomy...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860917/hyperbaric-oxygen-in-the-management-of-wound-tissue-necrosis-after-external-dacrocystorhinostomy
#4
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Ahmed Ghetami, Diego Strianese, Sahar Elkhamary, Deepak P Edward, Antonio Palma, Silvana A Schellini
Hyperbaric oxygen is an adjunctive treatment for promoting wound healing and reducing infection. We present an unusual case of wound tissue necrosis occurring after external dacryocystorhinostomy (ExtDCR) that was subsequently treated with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and advancement flaps with good outcome. HBO improves vascularization of ischemic tissues after ExtDCR for greater success after reconstructive surgery.
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860912/causes-of-unsatisfactory-results-of-the-use-of-mitomycin-c-in-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy
#5
E L Atkova, A A Fedorov, A O Root, S D Iartsev, N N Krakhovetsky, V D Yartsev
PURPOSE: To study the antifibrotic effectiveness of mitomycin-C in the tissues of the ostium site after it application for endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 45 patients (48 cases) with primary obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct. All patients underwent endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EEDCR). At the final stage of the operation, a swab with MMC was placed in the region of the formed ostium at a concentration of 0...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860911/indian-survey-on-practice-patterns-of-lacrimal-eyelid-disorders-isupple-report-3-cataract-and-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#6
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Saurabh Kamal, Aniruddha Agarwal
AIM: To assess the practice patterns pertaining to pre-cataract screening for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) among oculoplastic surgeons in India. The survey was aimed at obtaining data on the current screening and treatment strategies for NLDO and the interval between lacrimal surgery and subsequent cataract surgery. METHODS: An online survey was sent to all members of Oculoplastic Association of India. All valid responses were tabulated and analyzed. RESULTS: Majority of the respondents (92%) felt that nasolacrimal duct patency should be checked prior to performing cataract surgery: 59...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860907/endoscopic-intranasal-findings-in-unilateral-primary-acquired-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#7
Swati Singh, Mohammad Shahid Alam, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
PURPOSE: To evaluate intranasal endoscopic findings in patients with unilateral primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and compare them with the normal cohort. METHODS: A prospective case-control study with 50 unilateral primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) and 50 healthy controls. All patients were evaluated by endoscopic nasal examination for the presence of deviated nasal septum (DNS), type of deviation (bony or cartilaginous), side of deviation, septal spurs, caudal dislocation, any turbinate hypertrophy and endoscopic features suggestive of sinusitis...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859711/primary-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-pediatric-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-a-systematic-review
#8
Jeyasakthy Saniasiaya, Baharudin Abdullah, Salina Husain, De Yun Wang, Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction is common in the pediatric age group. The mainstay treatment among these young patients has been conservative. Once epiphora becomes recalcitrant, however, an external or an endonasal approach is considered. OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR) entails creating an opening from the lacrimal sac directly into the nasal cavity to counteract nasolacrimal duct obstruction. We reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness and the safety of primary EDCR to treat pediatric nasolacrimal duct obstruction...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856113/a-comparative-study-on-the-efficacy-of-oral-memantine-and-placebo-for-acute-postoperative-pain-in-patients-undergoing-dacryocystorhinostomy-dcr
#9
Poupak Rahimzadeh, Farnad Imani, Nasim Nikoubakht, Zahra Koleini, Seyed Hamid Reza Faiz, Azadeh Sayarifard
BACKGROUND: Memantine is an N-methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) antagonist. By transferring acute postoperative pain, the NMDA channels may lead to active excess and neuropathic pain. Objectives: This study attempted to investigate the effect of preoperative use of single oral dose of memantine in controlling Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) postoperative pain. METHODS: A double-blind clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients undergoing DCR. On arrival at the operating room, the memantine group received 20 mg of oral memantine and the control group received placebo...
June 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837389/basaloid-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lacrimal-sac-a-rare-entity-and-approach-to-management
#10
Alison B Huggins, Mary A Stefanyszyn, Gurston Nyquist, Michael P Rabinowitz
Presented is a rare case of basaloid adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal sac. Low grade features of this malignancy permitted a conservative surgical approach to maximize functional and cosmetic outcomes. This is retrospective case description of a single 77-year-old-female patient who underwent a dacryocystorhinostomy with silicone tubes at an outside hospital for epiphora, but was referred to the Wills Eye Hospital Oculoplastics Department for a lacrimal sac biopsy showing low-grade carcinoma with basaloid features...
August 24, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812913/transcanalicular-laser-assisted-dacryocystorhinostomy-with-diode-laser
#11
Deepesh Mourya, Roshija Khanal Rijal
This article compares the efficacy of transcanalicular laser assisted dacryocystorhinostomy (TL DCR) with conventional external dacryocystorhinostomy (Ex DCR). All patients were randomly divided into two groups - Group A included patients who underwent TL DCR and Group B included patients who underwent Ex DCR. 168 operations were done in a total of 163 patients; 79 patients in group A and 84 patients in group B. The overall success rate was 90.12% in group A and 95.40% in group B. The mean total surgical time was 17...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798294/comparative-study-of-recessive-spherical-headed-silicone-intubation-and-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-under-nasal-endoscopy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#12
Hui-Yi Deng, Tao Wang, Xue-Kun Huang, Qin-Tai Yang, Shi-Qi Ling, Wei-Hao Wang, Mei-Jiao Li, Fang-Qin Ning, Ge-Hua Zhang
Between July 2014 and November 2015, we compared the curative effects and cost-effectiveness of two kinds of nasal endoscopic surgery for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) in a single-centre, two-armed clinical trial with a 1-year follow-up. We included two groups: a recessive spherical headed silicone intubation (RSHSI) group and an endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (En-DCR) group; both received nasal endoscopy. Patients were recruited from the Otorhinolaryngology and Ophthalmology departments. The main outcome measures were epiphora improvement (classified as cure, effective, or invalid), cost-effectiveness, visual analogue scale (VAS) intraoperative pain score, bleeding volume, operating time, hospitalisation time, total cost, and VAS postoperative epiphora score...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791181/results-of-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-under-local-anesthesia-with-minimal-sedation
#13
Woong Chul Choi, Ji-Sun Paik, Sang Hee Doh
PURPOSE: We evaluated the tolerability and efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (Endo-DCR) in patients treated in the leaning position and under local anesthesia with minimal sedation (LAS). STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire to determine subjective success of Endo-DCR. METHODS: From May 2013 to August 2014, a total of 95 eyes with epiphora presented to the Myoung Eye Plastic Surgery Clinic in Seoul, Korea, and were treated with Endo-DCR under LAS...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791062/success-rate-of-conventional-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-post-acute-dacryocystitis-compared-to-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-acute-dacryocystitis
#14
Rajesh Subhash Joshi, Ajay Sharad Deshpande
PURPOSE: To determine the success rate of conventional dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and endoscopic DCR performed in patients with acute dacryocystitis. METHODS: Records of patients with acute dacryocystitis and operated during 2007-2008 were reviewed. Patients who completed a follow-up of 60 months were included in our study. Demographic characteristics, surgery types, success rate, and follow-up periods were recorded. Success was defined as the elimination of epiphora, absence of dacryocystitis, and negative syringing test result (i...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754905/a-modified-preserved-nasal-and-lacrimal-flap-technique-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy
#15
Wenyan Peng, Bowei Tan, Yandong Wang, Haiying Wang, Zhonghao Wang, Xuanwei Liang
Here we describe a modified preserved nasal and lacrimal mucosal flap technique in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) for patients with epiphora secondary to primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) and evaluate its outcomes. Twenty-five patients with PANDO were retrospectively reviewed. Modified preserved nasal and lacrimal mucosal flap technique in EES-DCR was applied in all 27 eyes of 25 patients. The patients were evaluated with objective (anatomical patency) and subjective (symptomatic cure) success rates within the duration of follow-up...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752696/learning-curve-for-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy
#16
Jong Joo Lee, Han Min Lee, Hyung Bin Lim, Seong Wook Seo, Hee Bae Ahn, Sung Bok Lee
PURPOSE: To elucidate the learning curve for endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EE-DCR) based on the results of EE-DCR performed by three surgeons at three different tertiary hospitals. METHODS: A retrospective review of the medical records of 386 eyes of 337 patients who had undergone EE-DCR by three surgeons at three tertiary hospitals and who were available for a >6-month postoperative observation period was conducted. The success of a given surgery was determined based on the results of a test performed during the patient's last outpatient visit to the hospital...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746251/a-case-of-lacrimal-sac-septum-presenting-with-dacryocystocele
#17
Debrelle Lou P Siapno, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
Lacrimal sac septum is a rare structural abnormality of the lacrimal system. A 15-year-old patient presented with epiphora and a mass inferior to the left medial canthal tendon. Dacryocystography and CT-dacryocystography revealed a dilated lacrimal sac with complete obstruction. A horizontal lacrimal sac septum was found in the mid-sac region during endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. Histopathologic examination of the septum revealed chronic inflammation with stratified columnar epithelial cell lining consistent with the lacrimal sac...
July 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730080/old-canalicular-laceration-repair-a-retrospective-study-of-the-curative-effects-and-prognostic-factors
#18
Fang Bai, Hai Tao, Yan Zhang, Peng Wang, Cui Han, Yi-Fei Huang, Ye Tao
AIM: To investigate the epidemiology and surgical outcomes of old canalicular laceration and analyze the variables impacting on the prognosis of reparation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all old canalicular laceration repairs from Jan. 1, 2008 to Dec. 30, 2015 was performed. Analyzed data included demographics, mechanisms of injury, the time from injury to repair, causes for delayed repair, old associated injuries, the types of surgery, and the effects of repair using canaliculus anastomosis combined with bicanalicular stent intubation...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723734/transcanalicular-diode-laser-assisted-revision-surgery-for-failed-dacryocystorhinostomy-with-or-without-distal-or-common-canalicular-obstruction
#19
Je Moon Yoon, Seung Wan Nam, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of transcanalicular diode laser-assisted revision surgery for failed dacryocystorhinostomy with/without distal or common canalicular obstruction. METHODS: The medical records and recorded videos of consecutive transcanalicular diode laser-assisted revision surgeries performed for failed dacryocystorhinostomy between May 2011 and May 2015 were reviewed. Cases of unavailability of video and cases lost to follow up after surgery were excluded from the study...
July 18, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722501/pediatric-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-multicenter-series-of-116-cases
#20
WengOnn Chan, Geoff Wilcsek, Raf Ghabrial, Robert Alan Goldberg, Peter Dolman, Dinesh Selva, Raman Malhotra
We report our experience with pediatric endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). Multicenter, retrospective, noncomparative study. Cases of pediatric endonasal DCR during 2006-2011 were included from six oculoplastic units. Patients over the age of 16 years were excluded. The outcomes of pediatric endonasal DCR are presented. Indication for surgery, demographics, previous interventions, intraoperative or postoperative complications, follow-up duration, and success rate (defined as significant improvement of epiphora) were evaluated...
July 19, 2017: Orbit
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