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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453408/salmonella-typhi-associated-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-literature
#1
Suchit D Dadia, Rohit Ramesh Modi, Shruti Shirwadkar, Nayana A Potdar, Chhaya A Shinde, Akshay Gopinathan Nair
AIM: To report a rare case of Salmonella typhi associated endogenous endophthalmitis in an immunocompetent male and to review the available literature. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A 28-year-old immunocompetent male presented with a 3-day-old history of pain, redness and diminished vision in his left eye. Conjunctival chemosis, corneal haze, and hypopyon were noted and yellowish exudates filled the vitreous cavity. A detailed elicitation of history revealed that patient had been treated for enteric fever that presented with diarrhea and fever, two weeks prior to current presentation...
April 28, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435380/a-comparative-assessment-of-prosthetic-outcome-on-enucleation-and-evisceration-in-three-different-etiological-eye-defects-a-case-series
#2
Nafij Bin Jamayet, John Kariuki Kirangi, Adam Husein, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
Enucleation and evisceration are the most common surgical procedures that are performed to manage tumor, trauma, and infection. Given the consequences of surgical intervention, the conditions of the remaining eye socket may affect future prosthetic rehabilitation. A custom-made ocular prosthesis can be used to help restore the esthetics and functional defects and to improve the quality of life of patients with such conditions. An assessment must be performed on the prosthetic outcome before rehabilitation. The etiology of defect, type of surgery, condition of the remaining socket, and patient's age should all be considered...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427732/endogenous-bacterial-endophthalmitis-a-report-of-2cases
#3
M Cubillas, A Sampedro, B Domínguez, I Carrio, V Bango, J J Barbón
CLINICAL CASES: The cases are presented on 2patients with bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis. The first one was caused by Streptococcus bovis, developed after colonoscopy, which had a poor outcome and resulted in evisceration. The second case was caused by a methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus from an arthrodesis complicated with a para-spinal abscess. It had an excellent visual outcome. DISCUSSION: Bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare, but serious ocular disease that occurs when bacteria reach the eye via the bloodstream...
April 17, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420521/delayed-postcoital-vaginal-cuff-dehiscence-with-small-bowel-evisceration-after-robotic-assisted-staging-surgery
#4
Yen-Po Lan, Huang-Hui Chen, Wei-Min Liu, Ching-Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: We report a rare case of vaginal cuff dehiscence with small bowel evisceration at 7 months post robotic-staging surgery. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old woman was sent to the emergency room with sudden onset of abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, and vaginal protruding mass after sexual activity. She had a history of synchronous uterine and ovarian cancer treated with robotic-staging surgery 7 months before. Then she received six courses of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, and the last chemotherapy ended 1 month ago...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420084/assessment-of-the-occupational-health-and-food-safety-risks-associated-with-the-traditional-slaughter-and-consumption-of-goats-in-gauteng-south-africa
#5
Daniel N Qekwana, Cheryl M E McCrindle, James W Oguttu, Delia Grace
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the occupational health and food safety risks associated with the traditional slaughter of goats and the consumption of such meat in Tshwane, South Africa. METHODS: A convenience sample of 105 respondents agreed to be interviewed using structured questionnaires. RESULTS: A high proportion (62.64%) of practitioners admitted to not wearing protective clothing during slaughter. Slaughtering was mainly carried out by males (99%) with experience (62...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419334/effect-of-a-low-crude-protein-diet-supplemented-with-different-levels-of-threonine-on-growth-performance-carcass-traits-blood-parameters-and-immune-responses-of-growing-broilers
#6
Samantha Sigolo, Zahra Zohrabi, Antonio Gallo, Alireza Seidavi, Aldo Prandini
A study was conducted to evaluate growth performance, carcass traits, blood serum parameters, and immune responses of Ross 308 male broilers fed diets containing 2 different crude protein (CP) levels (97.5 and 100%) and 4 threonine (Thr) levels (100, 110, 120, and 130% of Ross recommendations for starter and grower periods). A completely randomized block design was adopted and main effects (CP and Thr) were arranged in a 2 × 4 factorial approach. Optimum growth performance was achieved when broiler requirements for CP and Thr were 100% satisfied...
April 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400001/campylobacter-jejuni-survival-in-a-poultry-processing-plant-environment
#7
Lourdes García-Sánchez, Beatriz Melero, Isabel Jaime, Marja-Liisa Hänninen, Mirko Rossi, Jordi Rovira
Campylobacteriosis is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Consumption of poultry, especially chicken's meat is considered the most common route for human infection. The aim of this study was to determine if Campylobacter spp. might persist in the poultry plant environment before and after cleaning and disinfection procedures and the distribution and their genetic relatedness. During one month from a poultry plant were analyzed a total of 494 samples -defeathering machine, evisceration machine, floor, sink, conveyor belt, shackles and broiler meat- in order to isolate C...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399281/potential-roles-of-pigs-small-ruminants-rodents-and-their-flea-vectors-in-plague-epidemiology-in-sinda-district-eastern-zambia
#8
Stanley S Nyirenda, Bernard M Hang'ombe, Bukheti S Kilonzo, Henry L Kangwa, Evans Mulenga, Ladslav Moonga
A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Eastern part of Zambia that previously reported a plague outbreak. The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential role of pigs, goats, and sheep as sero-surveillance hosts for monitoring plague, and to investigate the flea vectors and potential reservoir hosts to establish the current status of plague endemicity in the district. Serum samples were collected from 96 rodents, 10 shrews, 245 domestic pigs, 232 goats, and 31 sheep, whereas 106 organs were eviscerated from rodents and shrews...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391777/remarkable-response-to-fluorouracil-leucovorin-oxaliplatin-and-irinotecan-therapy-in-urothelial-cancer-of-the-renal-pelvis-a-case-report
#9
Takuya Tsujino, Kiyoshi Takahara, Tomohisa Matsunaga, Yuki Yoshikawa, Tomoaki Takai, Taizo Uchimoto, Kenkichi Saito, Naoki Tanda, Hajime Hirano, Hayahito Nomi, Naokazu Ibuki, Teruo Inamoto, Haruhito Azuma
BACKGROUND: No standard chemotherapy regimen for advanced urothelial cancer has been established, except for cisplatin-based regimens. We report the case of a patient with double primary cancer, urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract and colorectal cancer, who underwent oxaliplatin-based chemotherapies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old Japanese man presented to our hospital with the diagnosis of a left renal pelvic tumor and rectal cancer. Several examinations including ureteroscopic biopsy and computed tomography-guided biopsy were performed; however, the diagnosis of renal pelvic cancer could not be made...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351173/effects-of-forage-feeding-versus-grain-feeding-on-the-growth-performance-and-meat-quality-of-yangzhou-geese
#10
Y Song, Y Li, S Zheng, W Dai, X Shen, Y Zhang, W Zhao, G Chang, Q Xu, G Chen
1. Highly palatable and nutritious meat products can be produced through dietary interventions. Previous studies have shown that forage feeding has a significant impact on the growth performance and nutrition of cattle in various regions, but whether the same effects can be induced in geese remains unclear. 2. A total of 360 Yangzhou goslings were divided according to body weight at 29 d old, assigned to one of 4 treatments and raised in separate pens (30 geese per pen, 3 replicates per treatment). The treatments applied were A) grazing, no grain supplemental diet, B) grazing, late grain supplemental diet (64 to 70 d), C) grazing, grain supplemental diet and D) confined, grain supplemental diet...
March 29, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326962/intrauterine-fetal-death-with-vanishing-gastroschisis-and-post-mortem-examination-findings
#11
Alexandra Frances Jolley, Elizabeth Jane Beare, Jeremy Granger, Catherine Lucy Cord-Udy, Peter Muller, Lynette Moore
We present a severe case of vanishing gastroschisis resulting in intrauterine death with post mortem examination findings. Gastroschisis is defined as a full thickness paraumbilical abdominal wall defect associated with evisceration of fetal intestine. It is almost always right-sided. Vanishing gastroschisis is an extremely rare form of gastroschisis that results in short bowel syndrome due to exteriorized bowel disconnected from the lumen of the rest of the bowel proximally as well as distally in association with partial or complete closure of the abdominal wall...
March 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282010/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278209/assessment-of-the-genomic-prediction-accuracy-for-feed-efficiency-traits-in-meat-type-chickens
#13
Tianfei Liu, Chenglong Luo, Jie Wang, Jie Ma, Dingming Shu, Mogens Sandø Lund, Guosheng Su, Hao Qu
Feed represents the major cost of chicken production. Selection for improving feed utilization is a feasible way to reduce feed cost and greenhouse gas emissions. The objectives of this study were to investigate the efficiency of genomic prediction for feed conversion ratio (FCR), residual feed intake (RFI), average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) and to assess the impact of selection for feed efficiency traits FCR and RFI on eviscerating percentage (EP), breast muscle percentage (BMP) and leg muscle percentage (LMP) in meat-type chickens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277482/the-role-of-prosthesis-spacer-for-ocular-prostheses
#14
Luiza Alencar De Andrade Figueiredo, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Fernando José Rigolin Ferreira, Edmur Pereira Buzzá, Celia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa
Eye defects can lead to emotional, psychological, and social changes, impacting negatively the quality of life of the patient. When these structures cannot be satisfactorily repaired by reconstructive surgery, the prosthetic rehabilitation is the better treatment option to restore lost ocular anatomy and promote the social integration of the individual. The aim of this clinical report is to report and discuss a case of ocular prosthesis confection eviscerated patient with opening limitation eyelid and shortening of the distance between palpebral commissure, to obtain a more natural and comfortable to the patient ocular rehabilitation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243822/robotic-repair-of-vaginal-evisceration-after-hysterectomy-and-the-role-of-intraoperative-near-infrared-fluorescence-imaging
#15
Melis Canturk, Volkan Ozben, Mehmet Faruk Kose, Bilgi Baca
Vaginal evisceration of the small bowel is a rare and potentially life-threatening complication after hysterectomy. This complication requires prompt surgical management and methods of surgical repair include abdominal, vaginal or laparoscopic approaches. We report the first case of robotic approach for repair of vaginal evisceration and intraoperative use of near-infrared fluorescence imaging for the assessment of bowel perfusion in a 63-year-old postmenopausal woman with a history of robotic hysterectomy for cervix cancer...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241369/transanal-evisceration-of-the-small-bowel-report-of-a-case
#16
Dimitrios Prassas, Dirk Stunneck, Thomas-Marten Rolfs, Franz-Josef Schumacher
Transanal intestinal evisceration is an extremely rare pathologic condition. Its presentation is quite dramatic as it involves the small bowel eviscerating through a rectal wall defect intraluminally and exiting transanally. We present the case of a 91-year-old female with history of rectal bleeding due to local ischemia of the anterior rectal wall, who presented to us with intestinal loops extruding through the anus. The patient underwent prompt surgical intervention with segmental small bowel resection, resection of the rectum, and construction of an end colostomy, with a smooth postoperative recovery...
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240506/transvaginal-small-bowel-evisceration
#17
M A Noorbhai, T E Madiba
We report on the rare entity of transvaginal small bowel herniation following a transvaginal hysterectomy. The risk factors, presentation, initial management and various surgical approaches are discussed. It is a condition that requires prompt surgical intervention. This report serves to highlight awareness of the condition, and how knowledge of the various methods of addressing an ischaemic bowel and a ruptured vaginal vault can result in a favourable outcome.
June 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228207/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221965/explanatory-variables-associated-with-campylobacter-and-escherichia-coli-concentrations-on-broiler-chicken-carcasses-during-processing-in-two-slaughterhouses
#19
Ewa Pacholewicz, Arno Swart, Jaap A Wagenaar, Len J A Lipman, Arie H Havelaar
This study aimed at identifying explanatory variables that were associated with Campylobacter and Escherichia coli concentrations throughout processing in two commercial broiler slaughterhouses. Quantative data on Campylobacter and E. coli along the processing line were collected. Moreover, information on batch characteristics, slaughterhouse practices, process performance, and environmental variables was collected through questionnaires, observations, and measurements, resulting in data on 19 potential explanatory variables...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221919/variation-in-campylobacter-multilocus-sequence-typing-subtypes-from-chickens-as-detected-on-three-plating-media
#20
M E Berrang, S R Ladely, R J Meinersmann, J E Line, B B Oakley, N A Cox
The objective of this study was to compare subtypes of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli detected on three selective Campylobacter plating media to determine whether each medium selected for different subtypes. Fifty ceca and 50 carcasses (representing 50 flocks) were collected from the evisceration line in a commercial broiler processing plant. Campylobacter was cultured and isolated from cecal contents and carcass rinses on Campy-Cefex, Campy Line, and RF Campylobacter jejuni/coli agars. When a positive result was obtained with all three media, one colony of the most prevalent morphology on each medium was selected for further analysis by full genome sequencing and multilocus sequence typing...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
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