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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644264/laparoscopic-approach-to-the-management-of-penetrating-traumatic-diaphragmatic-injury
#1
Teo Li Tserng, Maria Benita Gatmaitan
Background: Traditionally, laparotomy/thoracotomy is the standard approach for thoracoabdominal injuries. However, it has a non-therapeutic rate of 12-40% and 40% morbidity. Laparoscopy, as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality, has evolved to be integral to general and subspecialty surgeons in the management of patients. However, its use in the field of trauma surgery has been limited. We present a case of traumatic diaphragmatic injury from a low velocity penetrating wound successfully repaired through laparoscopic approach...
August 2017: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618042/in-vivo-prediction-of-the-carcass-fatness-using-live-body-measurements-in-pekin-ducks
#2
Fang-Bin Lin, Feng Zhu, Jin-Ping Hao, Fang-Xi Yang, Zhuo-Cheng Hou
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between live body measurements and several fat traits in Pekin ducks, and ultimately to formulate multiple regression equations for the in vivo estimation of the carcass fatness of Pekin ducks. Several traits were measured in a total of 208 Pekin ducks aged 6 wk (107 males and 101 females). All ducks were weighed and measured for a set of body measurements including live body weight, body slope length, breast muscle thickness, skin fat thickness, chest width, keel length, and neck length...
March 31, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602269/risk-for-interspecies-transmission-of-zoonotic-pathogens-during-poultry-processing-and-pork-production-in-peru-a-qualitative-study
#3
A M Carnero, K Kitayama, D A Diaz, M Garvich, N Angulo, V A Cama, R H Gilman, A M Bayer
Interspecies transmission of pathogens is an unfrequent but naturally occurring event and human activities may favour opportunities not previously reported. Reassortment of zoonotic pathogens like influenza A virus can result from these activities. Recently, swine and birds have played a central role as "mixing vessels" for epidemic and pandemic events related to strains like H1N1 and H5N1. Unsafe practices in poultry markets and swine farms can lead to interspecies transmission, favouring the emergence of novel strains...
March 30, 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570703/injectable-silicone-rubber-for-ocular-implantation-after-evisceration
#4
Peng Fei Zheng, Qi Sheng You, Qian Li, Hong Yan Deng, Ian Y H Wong, Xiao Yan Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of addition type liquid silicone rubber (ATLSR) as injectable implant after evisceration to maintain the eyeball volume in an animal experiment. METHODS: Twelve adult New Zealand white rabbits were included. One eye of each rabbit was randomly selected for evisceration with the fellow eye as control. ATLSR was injected to fill the eyeball socket after evisceration. In vivo observation and photographs were performed up to 24 weeks post-op...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569691/traumatic-evisceration-after-blunt-trauma-in-a-20-month-old-boy
#5
Marta Diana Komarowska, Ewa Matuszczak, Wojciech Debek, Adam Hermanowicz
Blunt traumatic evisceration is extremely rare. We describe the case of a 20-month-old boy with stomach and small and large intestine evisceration after blunt trauma. Immediate laparotomy and surgical repair were performed. There was no injury, other than a small hole in the mesentery. The bowels were drained into the abdominal cavity, and the skin was closed. The patient recovered well.
March 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564242/analysis-of-a-poultry-slaughter-process-influence-of-process-stages-on-the-microbiological-contamination-of-broiler-carcasses
#6
Denise Althaus, Claudio Zweifel, Roger Stephan
In a large-scale Swiss poultry abattoir, a microbiological process analysis of broiler carcasses was performed. At each selected process stage (scalding, plucking, evisceration, washing, and chilling), 90 carcasses from 30 flocks were sampled and examined for Campylobacter , Salmonella , Escherichia coli , Enterobacteriaceae, and extended-spectrum b-lactamases-producing Enterobacteriaceae. With regard to Campylobacter counts on carcasses, plucking tended to slightly increase the results (on average by 0.4 log CFU/g), whereas mean counts from plucked and chilled carcasses were comparable (3...
October 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557673/microbial-contamination-level-profiles-attributed-to-contamination-of-beef-carcasses-personnel-and-equipment-case-of-small-and-medium-enterprise-slaughterhouses
#7
Joseph Wambui, Peter Lamuka, Edward Karuri, Joseph Matofari, Patrick Murigu Kamau Njage
The microbial contamination level profiles (MCLPs) attributed to contamination of beef carcasses, personnel, and equipment in five Kenyan small and medium enterprise slaughterhouses were determined. Aerobic plate counts, Enterobacteriaceae, Staphylococcus, and Salmonella were used to determine contamination at four different slaughter stages, namely, dehiding, evisceration, splitting, and dispatch. Microbiological criteria of the four microorganisms were used to score contamination levels (CLs) as poor (0), poor to average (1), average (2), or good (3)...
April 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552001/microbiome-profiles-of-commercial-broilers-through-evisceration-and-immersion-chilling-during-poultry-slaughter-and-the-identification-of-potential-indicator-microorganisms
#8
John A Handley, Si Hong Park, Sun Ae Kim, Steven C Ricke
Commercial poultry abattoirs were evaluated to determine the efficacy of the multi-hurdle antimicrobial strategy employed to reduce the microbial load present on incoming broilers from the farm. As next generation sequencing (NGS) has been recently employed to characterize the poultry production system, this study utilized 16S High throughput sequencing (HTS) and quantitative plating data to profile the microbiota of chicken carcasses and determine the efficacy of the multi-hurdle antimicrobial system. Aerobic plate count (APC) and Enterobacteriaceae (EB) microbial counts were quantified from whole bird carcass rinsates (WBCR)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536639/type-severity-management-and-outcome-of-ocular-and-adnexal-firework-related-injuries-the-rotterdam-experience
#9
Sonja Frimmel, J Tjeerd de Faber, Rene J Wubbels, Christoph Kniestedt, Dion Paridaens
PURPOSE: To study the type, severity, management and outcome of firework-related adnexal and ocular injuries during New Year's Eve festivities. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 123 injured patients (143 eyes) treated at the Rotterdam Eye Hospital between 2009 and 2013. All ages were included and analysed according to age, gender, active participant or bystander, laterality, location, dimension and severity of injury. Outcome parameter was the final best-corrected visual acuity...
March 13, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526698/regeneration-of-coelomocytes-after-evisceration-in-the-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus
#10
Qiang Li, Yuan Ren, Chunlei Liang, Guo Qiao, Yinan Wang, Shigen Ye, Ruijun Li
Sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus, is one of the most important holothurian species cultured in China. Severe evisceration induced by various natural and artificial factors commonly occurs during transport and culture of A. japonicus. Evisceration causes higher mortality and lower yield. Along with the visceral regeneration process, sea cucumbers also regenerate coelomocytes in order to recover immune function. In this study, evisceration of A. japonicus was induced by intracoelomic injection of 0.35 M KCl...
March 8, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523038/bowel-on-the-bowl-a-case-report-of-spontaneous-post-partum-vaginal-evisceration-of-small-bowel
#11
Joanne Hui Yee Lim, Jessica Hui Cheah Lim, Grace Hui Chin Lim, Bryan Lim, Maha Alkatib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513182/a-rare-general-surgical-emergency-small-sowel-evisceration-from-vaginal-cuff-six-years-after-hysterectomy
#12
I Kızıloglu, S Karaıslı, E Sarı, M Bayındır, E Tarcan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503577/risk-factors-associated-with-postoperative-pain-and-discomfort-in-oculoplastic-surgery-with-general-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#13
Huijing Ye, Rongxin Chen, Xiufen Lian, Jingxia Huang, Yuxiang Mao, Rong Lu, Siming Ai, Wenfang Ma, Jingyi Lin, Huasheng Yang, Wenjun Guo
Purpose: To evaluate patient pain and discomfort following oculoplastic surgery performed under general anesthesia and to assess key factors associated with postoperative pain and discomfort. Methods: A prospective observational cohort study was conducted among 212 consecutive patients who underwent oculoplastic surgery performed under general anesthesia. The patients were assessed according to quantified levels of pain and discomfort postoperatively. Analgesic requests were recorded, and responses were statistically analyzed...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474308/risk-factors-treatment-strategies-and-outcomes-of-endophthalmitis-associated-with-severe-fungal-keratitis
#14
Lei Wan, Jun Cheng, Jing Zhang, Nan Chen, Yan Gao, Li-Xin Xie
PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors, treatment strategies, and outcomes of endophthalmitis associated with severe fungal keratitis. METHODS: Data from 392 patients diagnosed with fungal keratitis were retrospectively examined. Patients had severe disease that was refractory to topical or systemic antifungal therapy, and the infection involved the endothelium or perforated the cornea. The incidence and risk factors for endophthalmitis, and treatment outcomes were evaluated...
February 22, 2018: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470163/abdominal-exploration-in-neonates-using-transumbilical-exposure-compared-with-transverse-laparotomies
#15
Hanna Alemayehu, Richard Sola, Nhatrang H Le, David Juang, Pablo Aguayo, Jason D Fraser, Shawn D St Peter
INTRODUCTION: The vertical transumbilical incision (TU) technique during neonatal abdominal exploration involves dissection and ligation of umbilical vessels, which allow access to all quadrants of the abdomen and complete bowel evisceration with minimal violation to the anterior abdominal wall. We compared patient characteristics and outcomes for neonates undergoing TU with standard transverse exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of neonates who underwent abdominal exploration between January 2010 and September 2015 was conducted after obtaining Institutional Review Board approval...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462466/effect-of-pre-slaughter-shackling-and-wing-flapping-on-plasma-parameters-postmortem-metabolism-ampk-and-meat-quality-of-broilers
#16
J C Huang, J Yang, M Huang, Z S Zhu, X B Sun, B H Zhang, X L Xu, W G Meng, K J Chen, B C Xu
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of shackling and wing flapping on stress, postmortem metabolism, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and quality of broiler pectoralis major. Before slaughter, a total of 80 Arbor Acres broilers was randomly categorized into 2 replicate pens (40 broilers per pen) and each pen randomly divided into 2 groups (shackling, T; control, C). Corticosterone, creatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase were determined on blood plasma parameters. Pectoralis major were removed after evisceration and used for determination of energy metabolism, meat quality, and AMPK phosphorylation...
February 15, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456673/full-thickness-conjunctival-flap-covering-surgery-combined-with-amniotic-membrane-transplantation-for-severe-fungal-keratitis
#17
Jing Zhong, Bowen Wang, Saiqun Li, Yuqing Deng, Haixiang Huang, Ling Chen, Jin Yuan
Fungal keratitis is a severe and common ocular infectious disease. The present study evaluated the efficiency of full-thickness conjunctival flap covering surgery with amniotic membrane transplantation (FCCS + AMT) as a transitional surgery for severe fungal keratitis. A total of 17 patients with severe fungal keratitis without corneal perforation underwent FCCS + AMT between January 2010 and December 2015. The pathogenic factors, preoperative diagnosis and postoperative prognosis of FCCS + AMT at 3 months were evaluated...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454636/incisional-hernia-prevention-and-use-of-mesh-a-narrative-review
#18
Pilar Hernández-Granados, Manuel López-Cano, Salvador Morales-Conde, Filip Muysoms, Josep García-Alamino, José Antonio Pereira-Rodríguez
Incisional hernias are a very common problem, with an estimated incidence around 15-20% of all laparotomies. Evisceration is another important problem, with a lower rate (2.5-3%) but severe consequences for patients. Prevention of both complications is an essential objective of correct patient treatment due to the improved quality of life and cost savings. This narrative review intends to provide an update on incisional hernia and evisceration prevention. We analyze the current criteria for proper abdominal wall closure and the possibility to add prosthetic reinforcement in certain cases requiring it...
February 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451331/sliding-free-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-closure-of-a-massive-abdominal-wall-defect-a-case-report
#19
Annika Senghaas, Thomas Kremer, Volker J Schmidt, Leila Harhaus, Christoph Hirche, Ulrich Kneser, Amir K Bigdeli
Despite considerable advances in reconstructive surgery, massive abdominal wall defects continue to pose a significant surgical challenge. We report the case of a 72-year-old morbidly obese female patient with Clostridium septicum-related gas gangrene of the abdominal wall. After multidisciplinary treatment and multiple extensive debridements, a massive full-thickness defect (40 cm × 35 cm) of the right abdominal wall was present. The abdominal contents were covered with a resorbable mesh to prevent evisceration...
February 16, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421361/quantification-of-the-campylobacter-contamination-on-broiler-carcasses-during-the-slaughter-of-campylobacter-positive-flocks-in-semi-industrialized-slaughterhouses
#20
Christian Vinueza-Burgos, María Cevallos, Marco Cisneros, Inge Van Damme, Lieven De Zutter
Campylobacter contamination of broiler carcasses has been little studied in semi-industrialized slaughterhouses in developing countries, where several steps are carried out manually or with limited technology. In this study, we performed quantification of the Campylobacter contamination on carcasses at four steps in the slaughter process in three Ecuadorian slaughterhouses. Therefore, 15 Campylobacter positive batches were sampled in three commercial slaughterhouses. For every batch, caecal content and five samples of breast skin were taken and examined for Campylobacter counts at the following steps: after plucking, after evisceration, after final washing and after water chilling...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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