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Evisceration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090504/fortune-of-temporary-ileostomies-in-patients-treated-with-laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#1
Mustafa Haksal, Nuri Okkabaz, Ali Emre Atici, Osman Civil, Yasar Ozdenkaya, Ayhan Erdemir, Nihat Aksakal, Mustafa Oncel
PURPOSE: The current study aims to analyze the risk factors for the failure of ileostomy reversal after laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: All patients who underwent a laparoscopic low anterior resection for rectal cancer with a diverting ileostomy between 2007 and 2014 were abstracted. The patients who underwent and did not undergo a diverting ileostomy procedure were compared regarding patient, tumor, treatment related parameters, and survival...
January 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072612/prophylactic-antibiotics-for-enucleation-and-evisceration-a-retrospective-study-and-systematic-literature-review
#2
Brett Pariseau, Barry Fox, Jonathan Dutton
PURPOSE: To report surgical site infection (SSI) rates of eviscerations and enucleations with implants performed without perioperative intravenous (IV) antibiotics or postoperative oral antibiotics, and to give SSI prevention recommendations. METHODS: A single-center retrospective chart review was performed after obtaining institutional review board approval. Charts were found by Current Procedural Terminology codes. Demographics, surgical indication, procedure, implant, antibiotic use, and postoperative course were recorded...
January 6, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056067/prevention-of-evisceration-or-enucleation-in-endogenous-bacterial-panophthalmitis-with-no-light-perception-and-scleral-abscess
#3
Kuan-Jen Chen, Yen-Po Chen, An-Ning Chao, Nan-Kai Wang, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai, Tun-Lu Chen
Panophthalmitis is the most extensive ocular involvement in endophthalmitis with inflammation in periocular tissues. Severe inflammation of the anterior and posterior segments is frequently accompanied by corneal opacity, scleral abscess, and perforation or rupture. Enucleation or evisceration was the only remaining viable treatment option when all options to salvage the eye had been exhausted. The purpose of this retrospective study is to examine the outcomes of patients with endogenous bacterial panophthalmitis, no light perception and scleral abscess who were treated with multiple intravitreal and periocular injections of antibiotics and dexamethasone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049493/presence-of-foodborne-pathogens-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-and-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-slaughtered-reindeer-in-northern-finland-and-norway
#4
Sauli Laaksonen, Antti Oksanen, Jérôme Julmi, Claudio Zweifel, Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Roger Stephan
BACKGROUND: Various food-producing animals were recognized in recent years as healthy carriers of bacterial pathogens causing human illness. In northern Fennoscandia, the husbandry of semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) is a traditional livelihood and meat is the main product. This study determined the presence of selected foodborne pathogens, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in healthy semi-domesticated reindeer at slaughter in northern Finland and Norway...
January 3, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040761/penetration-of-bronchial-wall-by-knot-of-absorbable-monofilament-suture
#5
Tomoyuki Nakano, Shunsuke Endo, Hideki Negishi, Shinichi Yamamoto
A 75-year-old man underwent thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy for primary lung cancer. Additional ligature plication to the left superior pulmonary vein with absorbable monofilament suture was performed after stapling with an endostapler. Postoperative bronchoscopy revealed penetration of the monofilament thread edge eviscerating across the wall of the left main bronchus. The edge was spontaneously absorbed with no adverse events. Penetration of a thick monofilament thread edge into mediastinal organs should be considered when the thread is located in the mediastinum...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030623/genome-wide-association-study-for-muscle-fat-content-and-abdominal-fat-traits-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#6
Xianhu Zheng, Youyi Kuang, Weihua Lv, Dingchen Cao, Zhipeng Sun, Xiaowen Sun
Muscle fat content is an important phenotypic trait in fish, as it affects the nutritional, technical and sensory qualities of flesh. To identify loci and candidate genes associated with muscle fat content and abdominal fat traits, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using the common carp 250 K SNP assay in a common carp F2 resource population. A total of 18 loci surpassing the genome-wide suggestive significance level were detected for 4 traits: fat content in dorsal muscle (MFdo), fat content in abdominal muscle (MFab), abdominal fat weight (AbFW), and AbFW as a percentage of eviscerated weight (AbFP)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008130/effects-of-dietary-methionine-on-growth-performance-meat-quality-and-oxidative-status-of-breast-muscle-in-fast-and-slow-growing-broilers
#7
C Wen, X Y Jiang, L R Ding, T Wang, Y M Zhou
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary methionine (Met) on growth performance, carcass traits, meat quality and oxidative status of breast muscle in fast- (Arbor Acres, AA) and slow- (Partridge Shank, PS) growing broilers from 1 to 42 d of age. The broilers were divided into a 2 × 3 factorial design with 6 replicates per treatment. Diets were formulated to contain low (LM, 0.35 and 0.31% during 1 to 21 and 22 to 42 d), adequate (AM, 0.50 and 0.44%) and high (HM, 0.65 and 0.57%) Met, respectively...
December 22, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999931/-epithelial-ingrowth-after-evisceration
#8
P L Müller, M C Herwig-Carl, F G Holz, K U Loeffler
A 67-year old patient presented with persistent wound dehiscence after evisceration. The scleral shell and the implant were removed. The histopathological and immunohistochemical examination of the tumor revealed epithelial ingrowth and infection of the implant. Even if the intervention is known since the 16(th) century, technics and materials are still undergoing improvements and discussions. Incarceration or tension on the suture should be avoided in order to prevent secondary complications.
December 20, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958225/pediatric-infectious-endophthalmitis-a-271-case-retrospective-study-at-a-single-center-in-china
#9
Meng Zhang, Ge-Zhi Xu, Rui Jiang, Ying-Qin Ni, Ke-Yan Wang, Rui-Ping Gu, Xin-Yi Ding
BACKGROUND: Pediatric infectious endophthalmitis is a serious sight-threatening disease for children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the etiology, microbiological spectrum, and visual outcomes of infectious endophthalmitis in children at a single institution in China. METHODS: It is a retrospective study of the medical records of all patients under 14 years of age with histories of infectious endophthalmitis, treated at a single institution from January 1, 2009 to January 1, 2015...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956327/retrobulbar-chlorpromazine-in-management-of-painful-eye-in-blind-or-low-vision-patients
#10
A Ortiz, V Galvis, A Tello, J J Miro-Quesada, R Barrera, M Ochoa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of applying retrobulbar chlorpromazine in the management of patients with painful blind eyes or with very poor vision. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive review was carried out on the medical records of 33 patients who were treated with a retrobulbar injection of chlorpromazine (25mg) for the management of painful blind eyes in Centro Oftalmológico Virgilio Galvis. RESULTS: Pain control was achieved in 90% of cases (with mean follow-up of 2...
December 7, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938575/-prognostic-factors-of-postoperative-incisional-surgical-site-infections-for-colorectal-cancer
#11
H Zheng, P Chi, H M Lin, X R Lu, Y Huang, W Z Jiang, Z B Xu, S H Huang, Y W Sun, D X Ye, C Y Jiang, X J Wang
Objective: To explore the prognostic factors of postoperative incisional surgical site infections (I-SSI) for colorectal cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 2 385 colorectal cancer patients undergoing resection by the same surgical team in Department of Colon and Rectum Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2000 to February 2014 was analyzed retrospectively. There were 1 421 male and 964 female patients, with a mean age of (59±13) years. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were performed for independent prognostic factors of I-SSI...
1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895365/indications-of-enucleations-and-eviscerations-performed-at-a-tertiary-eye-care-unit-a-case-series
#12
Rashid Baig, Maheen Akhtar Syed, Khabir Ahmad, Tanveer Anjum Chaudhry
The retrospective study was planned to look at the indications of eye enucleations and eviscerations, and comprised all such procedures done at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2006 to December 2015. Data was collected regarding age at the time of procedure, gender, procedure type, indication for enucleation or evisceration, type of implant if used and complications. Of the 66 eyes of 65 individuals, 47 (71.2%) underwent evisceration and 19 (28.8%) enucleation. The mean age at the time of the procedures was 37...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884546/-results-of-trabeculectomy-with-anti-vgef-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-neovascular-glaucoma-secondary-to-retinal-vein-occlusion-report-of-21%C3%A2-cases-followed-at-bukavu-eye-clinic-from-january-1%C3%A2-to-december-31th-2015
#13
T B Kabesha, D Kabesha, V Maloba, C Mwamba, B Chenge, A Mukalay
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of anti-VGEF with trabeculectomy in the treatment of neovascular glaucoma, a severe complication of retinal vein occlusion (RVO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective case series of consecutive patients with neovascular glaucoma secondary to retinal vein occlusion. All patients underwent panretinal photocoagulation and a mean of 3 anti-VEGF injections prior to trabeculectomy. Ophthalmic parameters were recorded pre- and postoperatively: visual acuity (VA), intraocular pressure (IOP), iris examination, gonioscopy and fundus examination, and as necessary, fluorescein angiography...
November 21, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867410/closed-gastroschisis-vanishing-midgut-and-extreme-short-bowel-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
F A Dennison
Gastroschisis alone has excellent survival rates. Occasionally reported is closed gastroschisis, leading to vanishing small bowel and extreme short bowel syndrome. It is believed that the abdominal wall defect can contract or close in utero, which leads to strangulation of the eviscerated bowel and the rare "vanishing gut syndrome." This has a very poor prognosis with mortality as high as 70%. An 18-year-old primigravid patient's 13 week scan diagnosed a large gastroschisis affecting the fetus. After counselling, she decided to continue with the pregnancy...
August 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843219/transvaginal-bowel-evisceration-following-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy
#15
Sameer Chopra, Arjuna Dharmaraja, Hooman Djaladat, Monish Aron
Transvaginal evisceration of the bowel has been found to most commonly occur following hysterectomy. To date, the reports of this complication following radical cystectomy are minimal. Herein, we report a case of transvaginal bowel evisceration 45 days following robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) in a postmenopausal woman.
October 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828913/long-term-results-of-total-retinectomy-in-cases-with-advanced-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy
#16
Murat Karacorlu, Isil Sayman Muslubas, Mumin Hocaoglu, Serra Arf, Mehmet Giray Ersoz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term results of total retinectomy in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy. METHODS: Seven eyes of 7 patients had pars plana vitrectomy, with or without pars plana lensectomy, and total retinectomy, with or without silicone oil tamponade, for the management of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (Grade D1-3) after previous complex vitreoretinal surgery procedures...
November 8, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820878/integrated-versus-non-integrated-orbital-implants-for-treating-anophthalmic-sockets
#17
REVIEW
Silvana Schellini, Regina El Dib, Leandro Re Silva, Joyce G Farat, Yuqing Zhang, Eliane C Jorge
BACKGROUND: Anophthalmia is the absence of one or both eyes, and it can be congenital (i.e. a birth defect) or acquired later in life. There are two main types of orbital implant: integrated, whereby the implant receives a blood supply from the body that allows for the integration of the prosthesis within the tissue; and non-integrated, where the implant remains separate. Despite the remarkable progress in anophthalmic socket reconstruction and in the development of various types of implants, there are still uncertainties about the real roles of integrated (hydroxyapatite (HA), porous polyethylene (PP), composites) and non-integrated (polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)/acrylic and silicone) orbital implants in anophthalmic socket treatment...
7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814327/retrobulbar-injections-for-blind-painful-eyes-a-comparative-study-of-retrobulbar-alcohol-versus-chlorpromazine
#18
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Patricia Akaishi, Augusto Cruz, Rajiv Khandekar, Saif Al Dosairi, Mohammed Dufaileej, Ahmed Al Salem, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, E Randy Craven
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate 2 agents used during retrobular injections to relieve pain in blind eyes. METHODS: This masked prospective randomized study compared retrobulbar injections for blind painful eyes that were divided into 2 groups: eyes in group 1 (G-I) received 1.5 mL of absolute alcohol (ethanol) and those in group 2 (G-II) received 1.5 mL of chlorpromazine (25 mg/mL). The pain was graded before, during, and after intervention using a verbal numeric visual analog scale...
November 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810445/f-coliphages-porcine-adenovirus-and-porcine-teschovirus-as-potential-indicator-viruses-of-fecal-contamination-for-pork-carcass-processing
#19
Tineke H Jones, Victoria Muehlhauser
There are concerns about the zoonotic transmission of viruses through undercooked pork products. There is a lack of information on suitable indicator viruses for fecal contamination with pathogenic enteric viruses in the meat processing chain. The study compared the incidence and levels of contamination of hog carcasses with F-coliphages, porcine teschovirus (PTV), and porcine adenovirus (PAdV) at different stages of the dressing process to assess their potential as indicator viruses of fecal contamination...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800446/influence-of-pigskin-on-salmonella-contamination-of-pig-carcasses-and-cutting-lines-in-an-italian-slaughterhouse
#20
Silvia Bonardi, Ilaria Bruini, Irene Alpigiani, Alice Vismarra, Elena Barilli, Franco Brindani, Marina Morganti, Paola Bellotti, Luca Bolzoni, Stefano Pongolini
Ninety pig carcasses and twenty one food contact surfaces (FCSs) were tested for Salmonella in a slaughterhouse processing ca. 380 pigs/h between 2014-2015. Sampling was performed during seven sessions. Four carcass sites of 100 cm(2) each (back, belly, jowl externally, and the diaphragmatic area internally) were swabbed after evisceration. Meat conveyors and dressing tables were tested swabbing areas of 200 to 400 cm(2). After pre-enrichment in buffered peptone water, samples were tested by Salmonella MDS(®) assay and the presumptive positives were confirmed by the ISO 6579 method...
April 19, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
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