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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624175/prospective-study-comparing-laparoscopic-and-open-radical-cystectomy-surgical-and-oncological-results
#1
C Esquinas, J M Alonso, E Mateo, A Dotor, A M Martín, J F Dorado, I Arance, J C Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an increasingly widespread operation. Studies are needed to support the oncological effectiveness and safety of this minimally invasive approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A nonrandomised, comparative prospective study between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) was conducted in a university hospital. The main objective was to compare cancer-specific survival...
June 14, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622312/clinical-features-and-prognostic-factors-of-klebsiella-endophthalmitis-10-year-experience-in-an-endemic-region
#2
C Y Chung, E S Wong, C C H Liu, M O M Wong, K K W Li
AimsTo identify the clinical features and prognostic factors of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae.MethodsThis is a retrospective case series of all patients with Klebsiella endophthalmitis managed from January 2006 to December 2015 by Kowloon East Ophthalmic Service. Statistical analysis involved hypothesis testing on the SPSS 18.0 software (SPSS). A significance level of P<0.05 was taken.ResultsIn the 10-year period, K. pneumoniae accounted for 19 out of 39 cases of endogenous endophthalmitis (48...
June 16, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605559/evisceration-following-abdominal-scarification-in-neonates
#3
Victor C Emordi, Efosa Aisien, Osasumwen T Osagie, Osarumwense D Osifo
Invasive traditional practices which are frequently harmful are common in the care of children including neonates in developing countries. We report two cases of evisceration of intra-abdominal viscera in two neonates subjected to abdominal scarification with razor blades following febrile illnesses. The greater omentum and a loop of jejunum, respectively, were eviscerated. Both were successfully managed and discharged home. Consent was obtained from the parents for the use of the photos. These cases highlight the dangers of invasive traditional practices on neonates and the urgent need for enlightenment campaigns as well as enactment of policies to help protect these children in developing countries...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593366/vaginal-evisceration-following-colpocleisis
#4
Jessie Liang, Laura Owens, Alex Gomelsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582375/pythium-insidiosum-keratitis-histopathology-and-rapid-novel-diagnostic-staining-technique
#5
Ruchi Mittal, Shipra K Jena, Alisha Desai, Sunil Agarwal
PURPOSE: To elucidate the histopathology of Pythium insidiosum keratitis and to describe a novel, simple, and rapid staining technique for identification of oomycete Pythium insidiosum and to differentiate it from fungi. METHODS: This is a laboratory investigation study of 38 nonconsecutive cases (37 ocular samples and 1 colonic biopsy); 14 microbiologically diagnosed as Pythium insidiosum keratitis and 24 as fungal keratitis. Review of clinical, demographic details, microbiological results, and identification of cases that necessitated evisceration was performed...
June 2, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573999/conjunctival-leiomyosarcoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Tania Lopez Montes, Maria Varela Agra, Mario San Martin Alonso, Alberto Ollero Lorenzo
Leiomyosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor that is very uncommon in the conjunctiva. Nevertheless, we describe here the clinical manifestations, management, and prognosis of a rare case of leiomyosarcoma in this location. An 81-year-old male presented at a tertiary hospital with a rapidly growing mass. After performing biopsy, histopathological examination revealed the existence of a conjunctival leiomyosarcoma. On this diagnosis, a thorough metastatic screening was performed showing no enlarged lymph nodes or metastatic deposits anywhere in the body...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573992/nocardia-infection-following-intraocular-surgery-report-of-seven-cases-from-a-tertiary-eye-hospital
#7
Devesh Sharma, Umang Mathur, Abha Gour, Manisha Acharya, Nidhi Gupta, Neelam Sapra
PURPOSE: To study the outcome of ocular nocardiosis following intraocular surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of all postoperative cases of culture proven Nocardia infection over a period of 3 years, from October 2010 to September 2013, was performed. Microbiological analysis was performed for all cases and included smears and cultures. Fortified 2% amikacin eye drops were the mainstay of treatment. Surgical intervention was performed in case of nonresponse to medical therapy or suspected endophthalmitis...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541866/bowel-evisceration-through-drain-sites-a-report-of-two-cases
#8
Christine Eden, Mark Connolly, William Bradshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524886/fungal-keratitis-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#9
S Farrell, E McElnea, S Moran, S Knowles, C C Murphy
PurposeFungal keratitis is relatively rare in temperate climates with only one previous population-based study, which reported a minimum annual incidence of 0.32 per million population in the United Kingdom. We performed a nationwide study in the Republic of Ireland of cases over a 6-year period to establish the incidence, risk factors, treatment, and outcomes of fungal keratitis.Patients and methodsAll corneal scraping specimens positive for fungal species over a 6-year period were identified at the microbiology departments of the seven main ophthalmology units in the Republic of Ireland...
May 19, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516458/yh12852-a-potent-and-highly-selective-5-ht4-receptor-agonist-significantly-improves-both-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-motility-in-a-guinea-pig-model-of-postoperative-ileus
#10
Z Hussain, Y J Lee, H Yang, E J Jeong, J Y Sim, H Park
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a transient gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility that commonly develops after abdominal surgery. YH12852, a novel, potent and highly selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 (5-HT4 ) receptor agonist, has been shown to improve both upper and lower GI motility in various animal studies and may have applications for the treatment of POI. Here, we investigated the effects and mechanism of action of YH12852 in a guinea pig model of POI to explore its therapeutic potential...
May 18, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#11
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507406/evaluation-of-different-agroindustrial-waste-on-the-effect-of-different-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers-chicken
#12
Y Sánchez-Roque, Y D C Pérez-Luna, E Pérez-Luna, R Berrones Hernández, S Saldaña-Trinidad
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507377/spontaneous-evisceration-of-umbilical-hernia-in-a-patient-with-congenital-nephrotic-syndrome
#13
Nilufer Goknar, Gokhan Gundogdu, Mehmet Kucukkoc, Aysegul Dogan Demir, Aysel Vehapoglu, Faruk Oktem
Congenital nephrotic syndrome is a term used to describe a condition in babies who develop severe proteinuria and hypoalbuminaemia within their first three months of life. They generally have oedema and ascites from birth which, because of increased intra-abdominal pressure, can result in an umbilical hernia. The report presents a five-month old infant with congenital nephrotic syndrome who had spontaneous umbilical hernia rupture with evisceration. The approach to umbilical hernias is usually conservative, but in selected cases elective surgery may be indicated...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502966/laparoscopic-repair-of-vaginal-evisceration-after-abdominal-hysterectomy-for-uterine-corpus-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Tomohiko Matsuhashi, Kazuho Nakanishi, Eri Hamano, Seiryu Kamoi, Toshiyuki Takeshita
Vaginal cuff dehiscence is a rare but serious complication that can develop after hysterectomy. Emergent surgical intervention is required for vaginal cuff dehiscence due to the potential subsequent vaginal evisceration, which may lead to necrosis of the small bowel. A 62-year-old nulliparous woman with a 30-year history of smoking, diabetes mellitus, and rheumatoid arthritis (treated with oral steroids) presented with a vaginal cuff dehiscence. Thirty-eight days before the admission, she had undergone a radical operation including total abdominal hysterectomy for uterine corpus cancer at another hospital...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488072/modified-components-separation-technique-experience-treating-large-complex-ventral-hernias-at-a-university-hospital
#15
A Torregrosa-Gallud, J Sancho Muriel, J Bueno-Lledó, P García Pastor, J Iserte-Hernandez, S Bonafé-Diana, O Carreño-Sáenz, F Carbonell-Tatay
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients have large or complex abdominal wall defects. Component separation technique (CST) is a very effective method for reconstructing complex midline abdominal wall defects in a manner that restores innervated muscle function without excessive tension. Our goal is to show our results by a modified CST for treating large ventral hernias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 351 patients with complex ventral hernias have been treated over a 10-year period...
May 9, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481070/-negative-pressure-system-in-the-treatment-of-enterocutaneous-fistulas-in-the-pediatric-population
#16
V Núñez Cerezo, M I Romo Muñoz, M V Amesty Morello, A Vilanova Sánchez, M Dore Reyes, M Gómez Cervantes, A M Andrés Moreno, E Martínez-Ojinaga Nodal, L Martínez Martínez, M López Santamaría
AIM OF THE STUDY: The management of children with enterocutaneous fistulas (EF) along with large abdominal wall defects secondary to multiple surgical interventions can be difficult and sometimes lead to intestinal failure (IF). The aim of this study is to present the results of negative pressure systems and their properties (edema reduction angiogenesis promotion and granulation tissue formation) in children with enterocutaneous fistulas (EF) and their prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children with refractory, high output EF treated with NPS between 2008-2014...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475523/reply-re-evisceration-with-implant-placement-posterior-to-posterior-sclera
#17
David R Jordan, Bazil Stoica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475522/re-evisceration-with-implant-placement-posterior-to-the-posterior-sclera
#18
Manpreet Chugh, Sima Das, Smriti Bansal, Sweety Tiple
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467575/importance-of-diagnostic-laparoscopy-in-the-assessment-of-the-diaphragm-after-left-thoracoabdominal-stab-wound-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Metin Yücel, Adnan Özpek, Hüseyin Kerem Tolan, Fatih Başak, Gürhan Baş, Ethem Ünal, Orhan Alimoğlu
BACKGROUND: Stab wounds in the left thoracoabdominal region may cause diaphragmatic injury. The aim of the present study was to determine incidence of diaphragmatic injury and role of diagnostic laparoscopy in detection of injury in patients with left thoracoabdominal stab wound. METHODS: Total of 81 patients (75 male, 6 female; mean age 27.5±9.8 years; range 14 to 60 years) who presented with left thoracoabdominal stab wound between April 2009 and September 2014 were evaluated...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458626/laparoscopic-management-of-spontaneous-vaginal-vault-dehiscence-and-bowel-evisceration-17%C3%A2-years-following-total-abdominal-hysterectomy
#20
Georgina Baines, Simon R Jackson, Natalia Price
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Gynecological Surgery
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