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Benjamin Riesco, Cristina Abascal, Ana Duarte, Rocio Mariel Flores, Guillermina Rouaux, Raul Sampayo, Francesco Bernardini, Martin Devoto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aesthetic and functional outcomes of autologous fat transfer using the SEFFI (superficial enhanced fluid fat injection) technique for reconstruction of the periocular area. METHODS: Autologous fat injections prepared with the 0.5 mL and 0.8 mL SEFFI technique were used in four patients for periocular rehabilitation. RESULTS: Case 1 (C1): A patient with left-sided progressive facial hemiatrophy underwent ipsilateral volumizing with 0...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
Laura Ryan, Gareth Higgins, Maeve Doyle
INTRODUCTION: Aeromonas spp. are Gram-negative bacteria classically associated with water sources and a variety of clinical infections in humans. CASE PRESENTATION: A 79-year-old female patient presented with gastroenteritis with associated Aeromonas spp. bloodstream infection. Two days after admission she developed eye symptoms and was diagnosed with endophthalmitis and underwent emergency evisceration and implant. Aeromonas spp. was also recovered from intra-ocular samples...
May 2017: JMM Case Reports
Xiaojun Zhang, Lina Sun, Jianbo Yuan, Yamin Sun, Yi Gao, Libin Zhang, Shihao Li, Hui Dai, Jean-François Hamel, Chengzhang Liu, Yang Yu, Shilin Liu, Wenchao Lin, Kaimin Guo, Songjun Jin, Peng Xu, Kenneth B Storey, Pin Huan, Tao Zhang, Yi Zhou, Jiquan Zhang, Chenggang Lin, Xiaoni Li, Lili Xing, Da Huo, Mingzhe Sun, Lei Wang, Annie Mercier, Fuhua Li, Hongsheng Yang, Jianhai Xiang
Apart from sharing common ancestry with chordates, sea cucumbers exhibit a unique morphology and exceptional regenerative capacity. Here we present the complete genome sequence of an economically important sea cucumber, A. japonicus, generated using Illumina and PacBio platforms, to achieve an assembly of approximately 805 Mb (contig N50 of 190 Kb and scaffold N50 of 486 Kb), with 30,350 protein-coding genes and high continuity. We used this resource to explore key genetic mechanisms behind the unique biological characters of sea cucumbers...
October 2017: PLoS Biology
Sze Wah Samuel Chan, Shireen Khattak, Narain Yücel, Neeru Gupta, Yeni H Yücel
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient demographics, clinical indications, and pathologic causes of surgically removed eyes over a decade in Ontario (Canada) and to identify areas of ocular disease management needing more attention. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: The surgically removed eyes of 713 consecutive mainly adult patients from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and pathologic data were collected on all eyes received by the University of Toronto Ophthalmic Pathology Laboratory from 2004 to 2013...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Pradyumna Pan, Rajnish Nema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
Max Carlos Ramírez Soto
BACKGROUND: Sporotrichosis is an implantation mycosis caused by Sporothrix species prevalent worldwide, which occasionally can also result in intraocular infection presenting as an exogenous or endogenous infection (disseminated sporotrichosis). Knowledge in its clinical recognition and management is limited. AIMS: To systematically review and analyse data from published literature with a view to comparing clinical outcomes between exogenous and endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Sporothrix...
September 28, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Alexander S Girich, Marina P Issaeva, Igor Yu Dolmatov
Several genes of the Wnt and Frizzled families in the holothurian Eupentacta fraudatrix are characterized, and the complete coding sequences of wntA, wnt4, wnt6, wnt16, frizzled1/2/7, frizzled4, and frizzled5/8 are obtained. The dynamics of expression of these genes during regeneration of internal organs after evisceration are studied. Evisceration and the associated damages supposedly induce the expression of wnt16 on third day after evisceration. Genes wntA, wnt4, wnt6, and frizzled1/2/7 upregulate during the period of active morphogenesis (5-7 days after evisceration) and might participate in regulation of tissue and organ formation...
September 29, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Chase A Arbra, Stephen A Fann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Emil D Kurniawan, John R Rocke, Sukhpal S Sandhu, Penelope J Allen
IMPORTANCE: Streptococcus endophthalmitis has devastating sequelae. This study aims to identify factors which may be targeted to optimise patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: This study investigated characteristics influencing visual outcomes, and the role of early vitrectomy. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series of consecutive patients PARTICIPANTS: All patients with a culture-positive diagnosis of Streptococcal endophthalmitis treated at a tertiary ophthalmology referral centre between July 1997 and February 2012 METHOD: Patient records were reviewed and data collected on their presentation, examination, microbiology results, procedures and final outcome...
September 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Carolline Fontes Alves Mariano, Glauce Lunardelli Trevisan, Antonio Augusto Velasco E Cruz, Fernando Chahud
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare B-cell lymphoma occurring mainly in HIV patients. The tumor frequently involves extranodal sites such as the oral cavity, nasal cavity, gastrointestinal tract, skin, and lungs. The neoplastic cells are characterized by a plasmablastic appearance and typical immunophenotype that indicates plasma cell differentiation. Herein, we report a case of intraocular involvement by plasmablastic lymphoma in a HIV patient with a long history of cytomegalovirus retinitis and loss of vision...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
Dinesh H Kittur, Kailas P Bhandarkar, Santosh V Patil, Sudhakar S Jadhav
Most umbilical hernias in infants do not need surgery and the ring will eventually close. Occasionally few complications can arise and incarceration is most common. Spontaneous rupture of the hernia and eventual evisceration is a rarely seen complication. A 3-week-old neonate having umbilical hernia presented with rupture of the sac with evisceration of bowel within a few days of first visit. No underlying cause like umbilical sepsis was found. The baby had emergency repair of the hernia with an uneventful recovery...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Mohammed Abdel-Latif, Mohamed H Soliman, Khaled M El-Asmar, Mohamed Abdel-Sattar, Ibrahim M Abdelraheem, Ehab El-Shafei
Closed gastroschisis is a rare entity usually associated with intestinal atresia and short bowel syndrome. We report two cases of closed gastroschisis presenting with neonatal intestinal obstruction and para-umbilical evisceration without an abdominal defect.
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Shweta Agarwal, Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Mamta Agarwal, Shobha Panchalam Sampath Kumar, Lily K Therese
PURPOSE: To report the clinical profile and role of perioperative adjunctive measures to reduce the risk of recurrence in Pythium insidiosum keratitis. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 10 eyes of 10 patients with P. insidiosum keratitis. Diagnosis was confirmed by PCR DNA sequencing. RESULTS: 7out of 10 patients were from urban locales, and none had any obvious history of injury with vegetative matter and were being treated for fungal keratitis...
September 13, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Tarjani V Dave, Edak Ezeanosike, Sayan Basu, Mohammad Javed Ali, Swathi Kaliki, Milind N Naik
AIM: To determine whether evisceration with optic nerve disinsertion and nonporous implant placement increases the risk of implant migration. METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective consecutive comparative interventional case series including patients undergoing evisceration with nonporous implant between January and December 2014. Patients were grouped into 2 groups: group I where the optic nerve was not disinserted (n = 37) and group II with optic nerve disinsertion (n = 50)...
August 23, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Joanna Kuzniacka, Miroslaw Banaszak, Marek Adamski
The aim of the study was the comparison of Plymouth Rock cockerels and capons and the evaluation of the influence of their age on slaughter yield, meat quality, and bone traits. The studies were conducted on cockerels and capons from P55 strain (Plymouth Rock). At 16, 18, and 20 wk of rearing, a dissection of whole carcasses of cockerels and capons was conducted, and breast and leg muscles were evaluated in terms of the physical and chemical traits, as well as the chemical composition. Also, traits of femur and tibia bones were studied...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
Evin Singar Ozdemir, Ayse Burcu, Zuleyha Yalnız Akkaya, Firdevs Ornek
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the indications and frequency of evisceration after penetrating keratoplasty (PK). METHODS: The medical records of all patients who underwent evisceration after PK between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2015 at Ankara Training and Research Hospital were reviewed. Patient demographics and the surgical indications for PK, diagnosis for evisceration, frequency of evisceration, and the length of time between PK and evisceration were recorded...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Kumar Govil, Sunil Nayak, R P S Baghel, A K Patil, C D Malapure, Dinesh Thakur
AIM: Objective of this study was to investigate the effect of multicarbohydrases supplementation on performance of broilers fed low energy diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 days old chicks were selected and randomly divided into three treatments groups (T1, T2, and T3); each group contained 25 chicks distributed in five replicates of five chicks each. T1 group (positive control) was offered control ration formulated as per Bureau of Indian Standards recommendations...
July 2017: Veterinary World
Cristiano Abreu, Seizo Yamashita, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Marilia Modolo, Claudia H Pellizzon, Carlos R Padovani, Mariangela E A Marques, Silvana A Schellini
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the three different surface coating on cohesive silicone gel implants in eviscerated rabbit eye sockets. Forty-five albino rabbits underwent right eye evisceration and received hemisphere-shaped cohesive silicone gel implants with smooth (Group 1), textured (Group 2), or polyurethane-coated surface (Group 3) in the socket. The animals were euthanized at 7, 30, and 90 days postoperatively. Computed tomography of the orbits was performed prior to euthanasia. Subsequently, the orbital contents were removed and underwent histologic and morphometric examination...
August 18, 2017: Orbit
Emmett E Whitaker, Brianne Z Wiemann, Daniel G DaJusta, Seth A Alpert, Christina B Ching, Daryl J McLeod, Joseph D Tobias, Venkata R Jayanthi
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia (SA) is an effective technique that has been used in children for years. With growing concern with regard to the risks of general anesthesia (GA), we developed a SA program to provide an alternative option. We present our initial experience with this program. OBJECTIVE: To implement a SA program at a large tertiary care pediatric center and assess the safety and efficacy of the technique as an alternative to GA for urologic surgery...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Tim Lynch
Abdominal trauma is present in approximately 25% of pediatric patients with major trauma and is the most common cause of unrecognized fatal injury in children. Pediatric abdominal trauma is typically blunt in nature with the spleen being the most common organ injured. Non-operative management is employed in over 95% of patients. Penetrating injuries are less common but often require operative management. Knowledge of specific mechanisms of injury aids the clinician in the diagnosis of specific injuries. Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard in the identification of intra-abdominal injury...
August 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
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