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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232335/endogenous-klebsiella-pneumoniae-endophthalmitis-in-northern-california
#1
Ryan A Shields, Stephen J Smith, Carolyn K Pan, Diana V Do
PURPOSE: To report the clinical features, treatment modalities, and visual outcomes in 12 eyes with endogenous Klebsiella pneumoniae endophthalmitis (EKPE). METHODS: The medical records of all patients diagnosed with EKPE at Stanford Hospital (Palo Alto, CA) and Santa Clara Valley County Hospital (Santa Clara, CA) from January 2000 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients (12 eyes) were diagnosed with EKPE...
December 11, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224980/factors-responsible-for-the-post-slaughter-loss-of-carcass-and-offal-s-in-abattoirs-in-south-africa
#2
Ishmael Festus Jaja, Borden Mushonga, Ezekiel Green, Voster Muchenje
Global demand for food is surging upward due to the expansion of human population. Hence food production and supply need to double with little or no waste to meet this demand. Food loss at any point in the farm to fork chain inhibits the stability of food security at household and national level. A retrospective (AR) and a post mortem meat inspection (PMMI) study to identify major causes of offal and carcass condemnation was conducted in three abattoirs namely, Adeliade, Queenstown and East London abattoirs represented as AD, QT, and EL respectively...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216527/laparoscopic-management-of-a-drain-site-evisceration-of-the-vermiform-appendix-a-case-report
#3
Anisse Tidjane, Benali Tabeti, Nabil Boudjenan Serradj, Salim Bensafir, Nacim Ikhlef, Noureddine Benmaarouf
INTRODUCTION: Peritoneal cavity drainage is not riskless and several publications reported drain induced complications. However, till this day, abdominal drainage is still a subject of divergence between necessity and usual operative practice. We describe in this publication an exceptional complication of drainage, which is the drain site evisceration of the appendix. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 47-years-old patient, initially operated for perforated ulcer peritonitis, in whom an evisceration occured 48h after the removal of an intraperitoneal drain placed in the Douglas pouch, the physical examination predicated the presence of a herniated omentum fringe, as a precaution a laparoscopic exploration was performed and revealed that the eviscerated organ was the vermiform appendix, then a two trocars appendectomy was performed and the orifice of the evisceration was safely closed...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214706/growth-performance-carcass-traits-and-meat-quality-of-yellow-feathered-broilers-fed-graded-levels-of-alfalfa-meal-with-or-without-wheat
#4
Shouqun Jiang, Zhongyong Gou, Long Li, Xiajing Lin, Zongyong Jiang
The effects of 0, 40 and 80 g/kg alfalfa meal on growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of Chinese yellow-feathered broilers fed diets containing or lacking wheat (0 or 200 g/kg) as part of the energy source, were examined using random design with a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement of treatments. Dressing percentage and semi-eviscerated proportion were lower, and meat color a* (redness) value was higher in birds fed diets containing wheat than diets lacking wheat (P < 0.05). Drip loss was reduced by the addition of alfalfa meal to diets containing or lacking wheat (P < 0...
December 7, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213998/phenotypic-and-genetic-characterization-of-%C3%AE-lactam-resistance-in-klebsiella-from-retail-chicken-meat-in-mansoura-egypt
#5
Hazem Ramadan, Amal Awad
Background and Objectives: This study was undertaken to characterize antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and genes encoding extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) in Klebsiella isolated from retail chicken meat in Mansoura, Egypt. Materials and Methods: Three hundred sixty chicken meat samples from 120 eviscerated chicken carcasses (3 cuts each) collected randomly from local retail chicken shops in Mansoura, Egypt during the period from April to June 2015, were assayed for the presence of Klebsiella by conventional bacteriological methods...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207786/recurrent-vaginal-cuff-dehiscence-in-a-treated-case-of-carcinoma-cervix
#6
Sunesh Kumar, Seema Singhal, Yamini Kansal, Dayanand Sharma
Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence (VCD) is partial or total separation of anterior and posterior vaginal cuff layers. We report a case of recurrent vault cuff dehiscence in a patient of cervical carcinoma. A 60-year-old treated case of carcinoma cervix post surgery and radiotherapy was found to have vault dehiscence and intestinal prolapse second time during a routine speculum examination. She underwent an emergency laparotomy and closure of vault. Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence with Evisceration (VCDE) is a rare but potentially fatal complication following hysterectomy...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197945/spontaneous-expulsive-suprachoroidal-haemorrhage-in-an-asymptomatic-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#7
Jacqueline Ting Yl, Humayun Akhter Faisal, Shin Wei Pan
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of spontaneous expulsive suprachoroidal haemorrhage (SESCH) in an asymptomatic elderly patient. METHOD: This is a case report of a 76-year-old Chinese female, presented as an emergency with spontaneous left eye bleeding. She had underlying uncontrolled hypertension, no other systemic illness and not on anticoagulant. She has a history of right eye cataract operation, right eye angle-closure glaucoma and left eye absolute glaucoma complicated with painless left blind eye...
December 2, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190624/extreme-surgical-maneuvers-in-fungal-endophthalmitis
#8
María Isabel Relimpio-López, María Gessa-Sorroche, Antonio Manuel Garrido-Hermosilla, Concepción Díaz-Ruiz, Jesús Montero-Iruzubieta, Jaime Etxebarría-Ecenarro, Diego Ruiz-Casas, Enrique Rodríguez-de-la-Rúa-Franch
PURPOSE: To present the different evolution of 2 cases of endophthalmitis caused by Fusarium solani, an aggressive filamentous fungus, depending on the medical and surgical treatment performed. METHODS: We present 2 cases of endophthalmitis caused by Fusarium solani. Topical, intrastromal, intravitreal, and systemic antifungal treatment (natamycin, voriconazole, amphotericin B) failed in both cases. Corneal perforation took place in one of them, being unsuccessfully treated with cyanoacrylate and several amniotic membrane transplants...
November 30, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179139/a-comparison-of-two-evisceration-methods-on-hygienic-quality-in-the-pelvic-area-of-sheep-carcasses
#9
Elin Røssvoll, Ole-Johan Røtterud, Sigrun J Hauge, Ole Alvseike
The aim was to compare the effects of two evisceration methods under operational conditions, on the pelvic hygiene of sheep carcasses. Method 1: rectum sealed with plastic bag and pushed through the pelvic cavity. Method 2: rectum cut, placed back inside and pulled out from the carcass. The 18 largest Norwegian sheep abattoirs participated. Sampling areas were i) 400cm2 inside the pelvic cavity (n=623), ii) 100cm2 outside the circum-anal incision (n=622). There were pooled samples by swabbing the same area of five carcasses, representing totally 3115 carcasses...
November 22, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176524/novel-case-of-clostridium-perfringens-endophthalmitis-after-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-injection
#10
Varsha R Kadaba, Jayshree Menon
INTRODUCTION: Endophthalmitis after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injection is a rare complication but may lead to rapid destruction of structures within the eye. Infection with Clostridium perfringens has not previously been reported in this context. CASE REPORT: A 90-year-old woman presented with endophthalmitis of the right eye, 2 days after an intravitreal injection of ranibizumab. Initial examination showed a high intraocular pressure, refractive to topical treatment, reduced vision, and a hypopyon...
November 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173627/correlation-between-slaughter-practices-and-the-distribution-of-salmonella-and-hygiene-indicator-bacteria-on-pig-carcasses-during-slaughter
#11
W Biasino, L De Zutter, W Mattheus, S Bertrand, M Uyttendaele, I Van Damme
This study investigated the distribution of hygiene indicator bacteria and Salmonella on pig carcasses. Moreover, the relation between hygiene indicator counts and Salmonella presence as well as associations between specific slaughter practices and carcass contamination were determined for each carcass area. Seven Belgian pig slaughterhouses were visited three times to swab five randomly selected carcasses at nine different areas, after evisceration and trimming. Information about slaughter practices was collected using a questionaire...
April 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160639/predictors-of-mortality-in-neonates-with-giant-omphaloceles
#12
Amulya K Saxena, Maja Raicevic
INTRODUCTION: This analysis was performed a review of giant-omphaloceles to determine the predictors of mortality. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Pubmed® and KoBson databases were searched for terms "giant" "omphalocele" and "mortality". Primary end points included mortality correlation with gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), eviscerated organs, associated anomalies and management. To calculate mean and median values IBM SPSS version 23.0 was used. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: After de-duplication and review search revealed 42 articles of which 23 met our inclusion criteria with 396 giant-omphaloceles for this analysis...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159510/differences-in-sampling-techniques-on-total-post-mortem-tryptase
#13
R Tse, J Garland, K Kesha, H Elstub, A D Cala, Y Ahn, S Stables, C Palmiere
BACKGROUND: The measurement of mast cell tryptase is commonly used to support the diagnosis of anaphylaxis. In the post-mortem setting, the literature recommends sampling from peripheral blood sources (femoral blood) but does not specify the exact sampling technique. Sampling techniques vary between pathologists, and it is unclear whether different sampling techniques have any impact on post-mortem tryptase levels. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the difference in femoral total post-mortem tryptase levels between two sampling techniques...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155695/citrobacter-endogenous-endophthalmitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Daniel H T Wong, Candice C H Liu, Justin M K Tong, Wei-Kwang Luk, Kenneth K W Li
PURPOSE: We present a case of endogenous endophthalmitis because of an unusual bacterium, Citrobacter koseri. PATIENT: A 57-year-old woman without previous history of eye surgery or trauma presented with diabetic ketoacidosis and a painful right eye with the reduction of vision. C. koseri was identified in blood culture; thus, a diagnosis of right eye endogenous endophthalmitis was made. Intravenous and intravitreal antibiotics were both started, and vitreous culture further confirmed C...
November 16, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151444/effect-of-morphological-changes-in-feather-follicles-of-chicken-carcasses-after-defeathering-and-chilling-on-the-degree-of-skin-contamination-by-campylobacter-species
#15
Khin Maung Latt, Ayaka Urata, Taisuke Shinki, Satomi Sasaki, Takako Taniguchi, Naoaki Misawa
Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are the leading causes of enteric infections in many developed countries. Healthy chickens are considered to act as reservoirs of campylobacters, as the organisms colonize the intestinal tract. Once infected birds enter a processing plant, contamination of chicken carcasses with campylobacters occurs over the entire skin during defeathering and evisceration due to leakage of crop and/or intestinal contents. Although the role of feather follicles in the contamination of chicken carcasses by campylobacters during processing is still debatable, it has been considered that the microorganisms would be entrapped and retained in the follicles due to the morphological changes resulting from defeathering and chilling...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135707/outcome-of-therapeutic-keratoplasty-in-hopeless-microbial-keratitis-cases-otherwise-advised-evisceration
#16
Rajat Jain, Karma L Bhutia, Neha Mohan, Col K C Gupta, Ashwani Ghai
PURPOSE: To study the outcome of therapeutic keratoplasty in severe microbial keratitis cases otherwise advised evisceration. METHODS: A retrospective, single-center clinical audit included 28 patients with severe microbial keratitis presenting from April 2014 to April 2016. Patients with microbial keratitis either affecting more than 2 quadrants of the limbus and/or cases with infections involving more than 180 mm of the cornea who were advised evisceration by more than one ophthalmologist were included...
November 13, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130765/microbiological-profile-of-three-commercial-poultry-processing-plants-in-colombia
#17
Alejandra Ramírez-Hernández, Andrea Varón-García, Marcos X Sánchez-Plata
Poultry meat production in Colombia has significant growth potential to fulfill national demands and to become an important global exporter. Entering export markets requires compliance with international food safety standards and the support of a rigorous national inspection system. To support the development of national standards, information about the microbiological profiles of poultry operations is needed, and no official microbiological baseline is currently available. A total of 480 chicken carcass rinses and 64 fecal samples were collected at different process sites from three commercial poultry processing establishments located in different regions of Colombia...
December 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118516/retrobulbar-alcohol-injection-for-phantom-eye-pain-syndrome-in-bilateral-eviscerated-orbit
#18
Venkatakrishnan V Jaichandran, Srinivasan Bhaskar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114294/evisceration-of-brain-an-unusual-case-report-of-bear-mauling-from-eastern-india
#19
Bikash Ranjan Behera, Sanjib Mishra, Deepak Das, Rajesh Gantayat
Even if human beings are the most intelligent among all living beings, they are still not immune to attack from wild animals. Human contact with bears has become more frequent as their habitat is being endangered by frequent deforestation. The sloth bear is one of the few bear species found in India, especially in the hilly areas of Southern Odisha. Bears are highly intelligent and omnivorous animals with long claws coupled with powerful shoulder. Here, we describe the tale of a poor tribal male's encounter with a sloth bear resulting in critical injuries to face, scalp, skull bone, with brain matter fungating-out of the skull...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108718/a-new-animal-model-for-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-in-tumor-bearing-mice-in-the-treatment-of-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-ovarian-origin
#20
G Miailhe, A Arfi, M Mirshahi, C Eveno, M Pocard, C Touboul
AIM OF THE STUDY: We set out to develop and evaluate the morbidity of a non-invasive hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) procedure in mice. HIPEC has been shown to improve overall survival in treating ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis. However, related complications, toxicity and the lack of randomized trials limits its widespread use. To improve the surgical technique, there is a need for animal models that allow teams to work on large groups without burdensome logistics...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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