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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717912/management-of-the-open-abdomen-after-liver-transplantation
#1
Christian Hobeika, Marc-Antoine Allard, Petru-Octav Bucur, Salima Naili, Antonio Sa Cunha, Daniel Cherqui, Denis Castaing, René Adam, Eric Vibert
INTRODUCTION: The optimal management of the open abdomen (OA) after liver transplantation (LT) is unclear. The negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been shown to be safe and can increase the chance for early fascial closure in trauma or septic patients. However, little data are available on the specific setting of LT. We aimed to report our experience of OA after LT, marked by the recent use of NPWT. METHODS: All patients with postponed wall closure after LT, from 2002 to 2014, in a single institution were included and retrospectively analyzed...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710445/microplastics-in-eviscerated-flesh-and-excised-organs-of-dried-fish
#2
Ali Karami, Abolfazl Golieskardi, Yu Bin Ho, Vincent Larat, Babak Salamatinia
There is a paucity of information about the occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in edible fish tissues. Here, we investigated the potential presence of MPs in the excised organs (viscera and gills) and eviscerated flesh (whole fish excluding the viscera and gills) of four commonly consumed dried fish species (n = 30 per species). The MP chemical composition was then determined using micro-Raman spectroscopy and elemental analysis with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Out of 61 isolated particles, 59...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696855/don-t-forget-the-abdominal-wall-imaging-spectrum-of-abdominal-wall-injuries-after-nonpenetrating-trauma
#3
Shanna A Matalon, Reza Askari, Jonathan D Gates, Ketan Patel, Aaron D Sodickson, Bharti Khurana
Abdominal wall injuries occur in nearly one of 10 patients coming to the emergency department after nonpenetrating trauma. Injuries range from minor, such as abdominal wall contusion, to severe, such as abdominal wall rupture with evisceration of abdominal contents. Examples of specific injuries that can be detected at cross-sectional imaging include abdominal muscle strain, tear, or hematoma, including rectus sheath hematoma (RSH); traumatic abdominal wall hernia (TAWH); and Morel-Lavallée lesion (MLL) (closed degloving injury)...
July 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687360/extracellular-matrix-remodeling-and-matrix-metalloproteinases-ajmmp-2-like-and-ajmmp-16-like-characterization-during-intestine-regeneration-of-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus
#4
Ting Miao, Zixuan Wan, Lina Sun, Xiaoni Li, Lili Xing, Yucen Bai, Fang Wang, Hongsheng Yang
Remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is essential for tissue regeneration. In the present study, we used immunohistochemistry (IHC) techniques against ECM components to reveal changes of ECM during intestine regeneration of Apostichopus japonicus. The expression of collagen I and laminin reduced apparently from the eviscerated intestine, while fibronectin exhibited continuous expression in all regeneration stages observed. Meanwhile, we cloned two MMP genes from A...
July 4, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685833/reproductive-biology-of-psammobatis-rutrum-chondrichthyes-arhynchobatidae-in-south-brazil-south-west-atlantic
#5
M F Martins, M C Oddone
This study presents information on the reproductive biology of Psammobatis rutrum based on 55 males and 53 females obtained as by-catch from bottom trawlers off southern Brazil during July 2013 and September 2014 and includes a detailed description of the egg capsule. Total lengths (LT ) ranged from 22·3 to 31·6 cm and most of the sample comprised larger individuals, although there were no sexual differences in length-frequency distributions. Significant sexual differences were found for total length-disc width, LT -body mass and LT -eviscerated body mass relationships, with females being heavier and larger...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680523/ocular-mutilation-a-case-of-bilateral-self-evisceration-in-a-patient-with-acute-psychosis
#6
Amar Pujari, Neelam Pushker, Milind Changole, Ritika Mukhija
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672056/surgical-complications-of-laparoendoscopic-single-site-donor-nephrectomy-a-retrospective-study
#7
John C LaMattina, Jessica M Powell, Nadiesda A Costa, David B Leeser, Silke V Niederhaus, Jonathan S Bromberg, Josue Alvarez-Casas, Michael S Phelan, Rolf N Barth
The single port approach has been associated with an unacceptably high rate of umbilical port hernias in large series of patients undergoing single port cholecystectomy and colectomy and with additional surgical risks thought secondary to technical and ergonomic limitations. A retrospective review of 378 consecutive laparoendoscopic single site donor nephrectomies performed between 04/15/2009 and 04/09/2014 was conducted. 12 patients (3%) developed an umbilical hernia. 11 (92%) were female and 8 (73%) of these patients had a prior pregnancy...
July 3, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671104/nitroglycerin-hypotensive-effect-and-application-in-a-combined-surgery-for-reconstruction-after-ipsilateral-maxillectomy-and-orbit-evisceration
#8
Yuhang Sun, Xiaohui Dong, Guofeng Zhang, Jing An, Haojun Yuan
The oral and maxillofacial region is rich in blood, and it is often difficult to stop bleeding during the operation of maxilla. Nitroglycerin is one of the most commonly used antihypertensive drugs in our hospital. We observed the effect of controlled hypotension in patients with maxillary resection. In group N, the patients had different degrees of tachycardia after using nitroglycerin only. In addition, nitroglycerin has the characteristics of rapid drug resistance. A combined reversed temporal muscle flap and random forehead flap technique was performed successfully to reconstruct the large defect after ipsilateral maxillectomy and orbit evisceration...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647408/identification-and-expression-characterization-of-wnta-during-intestinal-regeneration-in-the-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus
#9
Xiaoni Li, Lina Sun, Hongsheng Yang, Libin Zhang, Ting Miao, Lili Xing, Da Huo
Wnt genes encode secreted glycoproteins that act as signaling molecules; these molecules direct cell proliferation, migration, differentiation and survival during animal development, maintenance of homeostasis and regeneration. At present, although the regeneration mechanism in Apostichopus japonicus has been studied, there is a little research on the Wnt signaling pathway in A. japonicus. To understand the potential role of the Wnt signaling pathway in A. japonicus, we cloned and sequenced the WntA gene in A...
August 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644715/biological-responses-of-the-american-coot-fulica-americana-in-wetlands-with-contrasting-environmental-conditions-basin-of-m%C3%A3-xico
#10
María Eugenia López-Islas, Itzel Ibarra-Meza, Esperanza Ortiz-Ordóñez, Liliana Favari, J Elías Sedeño-Díaz, Eugenia López-López
Wetland ecosystems are subject to severe impacts (physical and chemical) and to the input of various xenobiotics that provoke toxicological consequences. Waterbirds are potential sentinel species of these environments. To analyze how habitat conditions affect the health of Fulica americana, early-warning biomarkers, histopathology, somatic indices, and water quality were examined in two wetlands of the Basin of Mexico: Xochimilco, an urban wetland highly eutrophic with a mixture of pollutants, and Tecocomulco (the reference site), a rural wetland with hunting migratory birds in winter, and with some agricultural contaminants...
2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624175/prospective-study-comparing-laparoscopic-and-open-radical-cystectomy-surgical-and-oncological-results
#11
C Esquinas, J M Alonso, E Mateo, A Dotor, A M Martín, J F Dorado, I Arance, J C Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy with lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an increasingly widespread operation. Studies are needed to support the oncological effectiveness and safety of this minimally invasive approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A nonrandomised, comparative prospective study between open radical cystectomy (ORC) and laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) was conducted in a university hospital. The main objective was to compare cancer-specific survival...
June 14, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622312/clinical-features-and-prognostic-factors-of-klebsiella-endophthalmitis-10-year-experience-in-an-endemic-region
#12
C Y Chung, E S Wong, C C H Liu, M O M Wong, K K W Li
AimsTo identify the clinical features and prognostic factors of endogenous endophthalmitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae.MethodsThis is a retrospective case series of all patients with Klebsiella endophthalmitis managed from January 2006 to December 2015 by Kowloon East Ophthalmic Service. Statistical analysis involved hypothesis testing on the SPSS 18.0 software (SPSS). A significance level of P<0.05 was taken.ResultsIn the 10-year period, K. pneumoniae accounted for 19 out of 39 cases of endogenous endophthalmitis (48...
June 16, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605559/evisceration-following-abdominal-scarification-in-neonates
#13
Victor C Emordi, Efosa Aisien, Osasumwen T Osagie, Osarumwense D Osifo
Invasive traditional practices which are frequently harmful are common in the care of children including neonates in developing countries. We report two cases of evisceration of intra-abdominal viscera in two neonates subjected to abdominal scarification with razor blades following febrile illnesses. The greater omentum and a loop of jejunum, respectively, were eviscerated. Both were successfully managed and discharged home. Consent was obtained from the parents for the use of the photos. These cases highlight the dangers of invasive traditional practices on neonates and the urgent need for enlightenment campaigns as well as enactment of policies to help protect these children in developing countries...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593366/vaginal-evisceration-following-colpocleisis
#14
Jessie Liang, Laura Owens, Alex Gomelsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582375/pythium-insidiosum-keratitis-histopathology-and-rapid-novel-diagnostic-staining-technique
#15
Ruchi Mittal, Shipra K Jena, Alisha Desai, Sunil Agarwal
PURPOSE: To elucidate the histopathology of Pythium insidiosum keratitis and to describe a novel, simple, and rapid staining technique for identification of oomycete Pythium insidiosum and to differentiate it from fungi. METHODS: This is a laboratory investigation study of 38 nonconsecutive cases (37 ocular samples and 1 colonic biopsy); 14 microbiologically diagnosed as Pythium insidiosum keratitis and 24 as fungal keratitis. Review of clinical, demographic details, microbiological results, and identification of cases that necessitated evisceration was performed...
June 2, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573999/conjunctival-leiomyosarcoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Tania Lopez Montes, Maria Varela Agra, Mario San Martin Alonso, Alberto Ollero Lorenzo
Leiomyosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor that is very uncommon in the conjunctiva. Nevertheless, we describe here the clinical manifestations, management, and prognosis of a rare case of leiomyosarcoma in this location. An 81-year-old male presented at a tertiary hospital with a rapidly growing mass. After performing biopsy, histopathological examination revealed the existence of a conjunctival leiomyosarcoma. On this diagnosis, a thorough metastatic screening was performed showing no enlarged lymph nodes or metastatic deposits anywhere in the body...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573992/nocardia-infection-following-intraocular-surgery-report-of-seven-cases-from-a-tertiary-eye-hospital
#17
Devesh Sharma, Umang Mathur, Abha Gour, Manisha Acharya, Nidhi Gupta, Neelam Sapra
PURPOSE: To study the outcome of ocular nocardiosis following intraocular surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of all postoperative cases of culture proven Nocardia infection over a period of 3 years, from October 2010 to September 2013, was performed. Microbiological analysis was performed for all cases and included smears and cultures. Fortified 2% amikacin eye drops were the mainstay of treatment. Surgical intervention was performed in case of nonresponse to medical therapy or suspected endophthalmitis...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541866/bowel-evisceration-through-drain-sites-a-report-of-two-cases
#18
Christine Eden, Mark Connolly, William Bradshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524886/fungal-keratitis-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#19
S Farrell, E McElnea, S Moran, S Knowles, C C Murphy
PurposeFungal keratitis is relatively rare in temperate climates with only one previous population-based study, which reported a minimum annual incidence of 0.32 per million population in the United Kingdom. We performed a nationwide study in the Republic of Ireland of cases over a 6-year period to establish the incidence, risk factors, treatment, and outcomes of fungal keratitis.Patients and methodsAll corneal scraping specimens positive for fungal species over a 6-year period were identified at the microbiology departments of the seven main ophthalmology units in the Republic of Ireland...
May 19, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516458/yh12852-a-potent-and-highly-selective-5-ht4-receptor-agonist-significantly-improves-both-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-motility-in-a-guinea-pig-model-of-postoperative-ileus
#20
Z Hussain, Y J Lee, H Yang, E J Jeong, J Y Sim, H Park
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a transient gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility that commonly develops after abdominal surgery. YH12852, a novel, potent and highly selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 (5-HT4 ) receptor agonist, has been shown to improve both upper and lower GI motility in various animal studies and may have applications for the treatment of POI. Here, we investigated the effects and mechanism of action of YH12852 in a guinea pig model of POI to explore its therapeutic potential...
May 18, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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