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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091449/crouzon-syndrome-with-multiple-supernumerary-teeth
#1
G S Torun, A Akbulut
Crouzon syndrome (CS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by craniofacial deformities caused by the early closure of cranial sutures. It is diagnosed by the presence of a flat sphenoid bone, protrusion of eyeballs (exophthalmos), and midfacial hypoplasia. Although hypodontia is usually present in cases with CS, supernumerary teeth are rarely seen. A 16-year-old male patient with CS was referred to our clinic. He had a high forehead, beaked nose, hypertelorism, palpebral ptosis, and asymmetrical orbits...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087085/bilateral-blepharoptosis-in-a-juvenile
#2
Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Tsukasa Tanaka, Daisaku Toyoshima, Azusa Maruyama, Akihiro Ichinose, Hiroaki Nagase
In adults, aponeurotic blepharoptosis is the most common type of ptosis. However, myogenic ptosis is the predominant cause, and bilateral aponeurotic ptosis is very rare among children. Here, we report a previously healthy 10-year-old Japanese girl with bilateral aponeurotic blepharoptosis who presented initially with bilateral blepharoptosis for about 4years. This case report shows that history taking and careful observation of the patient lead to an accurate diagnosis, and aponeurotic ptosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of bilateral blepharoptosis among children...
January 10, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086988/computed-tomographic-findings-and-treatment-of-a-bull-with-pituitary-gland-abscess
#3
Ueli Braun, Alexandra Malbon, Manon Kochan, Barbara Riond, Fredi Janett, Cornelia Iten, Matthias Dennler
BACKGROUND: In cattle, the prognosis of brain abscess is unfavourable and treatment is therefore not recommended. To the knowledge of the authors, there has been no report of successful treatment of a brain abscess in cattle.This report describes the clinical, computed tomographic and postmortem findings in a Holstein-Friesian bull with a hypophyseal abscess. CASE REPORT: The main clinical findings were generalised ataxia, ptyalism, prolapse of the tongue, dropped jaw, dysphagia, head tilt and unilateral ptosis...
January 13, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079687/periocular-amyloidosis-manifesting-as-pseudopemphigoid-treated-with-mitomycin-c
#4
Kaveh Vahdani, Vladimir T Thaller, Giorgio Albanese, Andrew F Dean
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual cicatrizing manifestation of periocular amyloid and the utility of adjuvant antimetabolite therapy. METHODS: This is a case report of a 49-year old woman with progressive bilateral upper lid ptosis, who was found to have bilateral inferior forniceal masses with thickening of the conjunctiva. Conjunctival and eyelid biopsies showed evidence of amyloid deposition. Systemic evaluation did not reveal any evidence of systemic amyloidosis...
January 11, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065957/the-effect-of-educational-internships-on-medical-students-perceptions-of-plastic-surgery
#5
Andac Aykan, Engin Kurt, Sedat Avsar, Muhitdin Eski, Serdar Ozturk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery educational internships on medical students' perceptions of the scope of plastic surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Gulhane Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey, from 2012 to 2013, and comprised 4th-, 5th- and 6th-year medical students. Students were given a questionnaire consisting of 28 questions related to maxillofacial and upper and lower extremity medical conditions, and skin, aesthetic and congenital anomalies...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064228/evaluation-of-long-term-outcomes-of-correction-of-severe-blepharoptosis-with-advancement-of-external-levator-muscle-complex-descriptive-statistical-analysis-of-the-results
#6
Alessandro Innocenti, Francesco Mori, Dario Melita, Emanuela Dreassi, Francesco Ciancio, Marco Innocenti
AIM: Evaluation of long-term results after aponeurotic blepharoptosis correction with external levator muscle complex advancement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study with medical record review of 20 patients (40 eyes) affected by bilateral aponeurotic moderate and severe ptosis who underwent primary surgery between January 2010 and December 2013. Criteria for outcome evaluations included 3-year postoperative follow-up of upper margin reflex index (uMRD) and symmetry...
2, 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058107/toxoplasmosis-with-chorioretinitis-in-an-hiv-infected-child-with-no-visual-complaints-importance-of-fundus-examination
#7
Noella Maria Delia Pereira, Ira Shah, Mamatha Lala
Central nervous system lesions are common in HIV-infected patients. In the combination anti-retroviral therapy (ART) era, Toxoplasma reactivation has been observed only in patients with unrecognized HIV infection or refusing therapy. We present the case of 10-year-old girl with AIDS who initially presented with pneumonia. She was treated for pneumonia and thereafter started on ART as her CD4 count was low. However, 5 days after starting ART she presented with left ptosis and right-sided monoparesis. She was diagnosed with neurotoxoplasmosis and responded successfully to pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine therapy...
January 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051831/breast-reduction-personal-technique
#8
P Fino, G Di Taranto, M Toscani, N Scuderi
INTRODUCTION: Macromastia is a health problem that requires the coordination of surgical and medical specialists. Goals of reduction mammaplasty are to alleviate physical, emotional and psychosocial discomforts and to restore a conical-shaped breast, maintaining scars as short as possible. We report our approach for reduction mammaplasty with superior pedicle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our method combines advantages of round block with vertical scar, using a dermal flap that is fixed to the new mammary crease...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040525/factors-associated-with-surgical-outcomes-in-congenital-ptosis-a-10-year-study-of-319-cases
#9
Yeen-Fey Ho, Shu-Ya Wu, Yueh-Ju Tsai
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 10-year results of surgery for congenital ptosis and identify factors associated with excellent outcomes and recurrence.
 DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series.
 METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 319 patients who underwent surgical correction at a tertiary medical center for congenital ptosis. The main outcome measures were postoperative surgical outcomes and recurrence rates. Excellent lid height was assessed as a marginal reflex distance (MRD) greater than 3 mm...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040452/delay-techniques-for-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Laurel S Karian, Paul J Therattil, Philip D Wey, Kevin T Nini
BACKGROUND: Rare but serious complications of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) include necrosis of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC) and mastectomy skin flaps. NAC and mastectomy flap delay procedures are novel techniques designed to avoid these complications and may be combined with retroareolar biopsy as a first-stage procedure. We performed a systematic review of the literature to evaluate various techniques for NAC and mastectomy flap delay. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched from January 1975 through April 15, 2016...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040387/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-associated-with-miller-fisher-syndrome
#11
Dalvir Gill, Kan Liu
51-year-old female who presented with progressive paresthesia, numbness of the lower extremities, double vision, and trouble walking. Physical exam was remarkable for areflexia, and ptosis. Her initial EKG showed nonspecific ST segment changes and her Troponin T was elevated to 0.41ng/mL which peaked at 0.66ng/mL. Echocardiogram showed a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction to 35% with severely hypokinetic anterior wall and left ventricular apex was severely hypokinetic. EMG nerve conduction study showed severely decreased conduction velocity and prolonged distal latency in all nerves consistent with demyelinating disease...
December 22, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039500/objective-outcome-measurement-after-upper-blepharoplasty-an-analysis-of-different-operative-techniques
#12
Ki-Soo Park, David Dae-Hwan Park
BACKGROUND: Upper blepharoplasty is indicated in Asians for double-eyelid fold creation, periorbital rejuvenation, and functional visual field improvement. This article introduces a technical classification for blepharoplasty methods and investigates approaches to evaluate its outcomes. METHODS: Of 535 patients undergoing aesthetic upper blepharoplasty in our institution in 1998-2011, 136 patients who were well followed up were retrospectively reviewed and categorized into four groups according to the techniques employed...
December 30, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038736/-bone-cement-implant-as-an-alternative-for-orbital-floor-reconstruction-a-case-report
#13
Enrique Vargas-Solalinde, Marisol E Huichapa-Padilla, Daniel Garza-Cantú, Víctor H Reyna-Martínez, Julio Alatorre-Ricardo, Juan Luis González-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The management of orbitary fractures is one of the most challenging in facial trauma; the variety of reconstruction materials for its treatment is broad and is constantly improving, but despite this there is no consensus for its use or literature that sustains it. OBJECTIVE: To present the use and design of a preformed bone implant as an alternative for the reconstruction of orbital floor fractures in the pediatric age group. CLINICAL CASE: A 7-year old male who suffered a right hemifacial contusion trauma with clinical and tomographic diagnosis of right pure blowout type orbital floor fracture with inferior rectus muscle entrapment and right post-traumatic palpebral ptosis...
December 27, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033638/transpalpebral-eyebrow-lift
#14
Lucas Gomes Patrocinio, Tomas Gomes Patrocinio, Jose Antonio Patrocinio
Forehead rejuvenation goals are to raise the eyebrow, attenuate forehead wrinkles, and decrease glabellar frown lines. Endoscopic forehead lift represents a significant progress, even replacing the classic coronal and pretriquial techniques. The transpalpebral eyebrow lift allows safe direct visualization of anatomic structures comparable to the allowed by the endoscopic-assisted technique but dispenses the endoscopic instrumentation, is less expensive, and takes less time to learn. Transpalpebral eyebrow lift is a technique that produces satisfactory results in mild-to-moderate eyebrow ptosis improving eyebrow lateral third ptosis and glabellar wrinkles...
December 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027230/use-of-poly-4-hydroxybutyrate-mesh-to-optimize-soft-tissue-support-in-mastopexy-a-single-site-study
#15
William P Adams, Arikha C Moses
BACKGROUND: The ptotic breast is surgically rejuvenated through a mastopexy procedure. Recurrent ptosis or other negative changes to the breast shape are not uncommon following mastopexy, as the tissue laxity and skin quality that contributed to ptosis are not surgically corrected. The purpose of this study was to assess the postsurgical changes in the breasts of patients who underwent a primary mastopexy procedure with soft-tissue reinforcement using a long-term poly-4-hydroxybutyrate resorbable scaffold (i...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025794/alterations-in-corneal-epithelial-thickness-in-patients-with-congenital-myogenic-eyelid-ptosis
#16
Aysun Sanal Dogan, Mutlu Acar, Mustafa Kosker, Nese Arslan, Canan Gurdal
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the corneal epithelial thickness (CET) maps obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the congenital myogenic eyelid ptosis differ from controls. METHODS: CET maps of 13 patients with congenital myogenic eyelid ptosis (m/f = 9/4; mean age 20.5 ± 7.5) and randomly selected one eye of 13 controls (m/f = 7/6; mean age 21.5 ± 6.5) were investigated. Three pachymetry scans of each eye were performed by OCT (RTVue-XR, Optovue Inc...
December 26, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018693/stickler-syndrome-type-1-with-short-stature-and-atypical-ocular-manifestations
#17
Manisha Goyal, Seema Kapoor, Shiro Ikegawa, Gen Nishimura
Stickler syndrome or hereditary progressive arthroophthalmopathy is a heterogeneous group of collagen tissue disorders, characterized by orofacial features, ophthalmological features (high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and presenile cataracts), hearing impairment, mild spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, and/or early onset arthritis. Stickler syndrome type I (ocular form) is caused by mutation in the COL2A1 gene. Ptosis and uveitis are relatively rare ophthalmological manifestations of this syndrome...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018441/a-neonate-with-joubert-syndrome-presenting-with-symptoms-of-horner-syndrome
#18
Narae Lee, Sang-Ook Nam, Young Mi Kim, Yun-Jin Lee
Joubert syndrome (JS) is characterized by the "molar tooth sign" (MTS) with cerebellar vermis agenesis, episodic hyperpnea, abnormal eye movements, and hypotonia. Ocular and oculomotor abnormalities have been observed; however, Horner syndrome (HS) has not been documented in children with JS. We present the case of a 2-month-old boy having ocular abnormalities with bilateral nystagmus, left-dominant bilateral ptosis, and unilateral miosis and enophthalmos of the left eye, which were compatible with HS. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the presence of the MTS...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018436/chromosome-11q13-deletion-syndrome
#19
Yu-Seon Kim, Gun-Ha Kim, Jung Hye Byeon, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Chromosome 11q13 deletion syndrome has been previously reported as either otodental syndrome or oculo-oto-dental syndrome. The otodental syndrome is characterized by dental abnormalities and high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss, and by ocular coloboma in some cases. The underlying genetic defect causing otodental syndrome is a hemizygous microdeletion involving the FGF3 gene on chromosome 11q13.3. Recently, a new form of severe deafness, microtia (small ear) and small teeth, without the appearance of eye abnormalities, was also reported...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011929/correlation-between-pabpn1-genotype-and-disease-severity-in-oculopharyngeal-muscular-dystrophy
#20
Pascale Richard, Capucine Trollet, Tanya Stojkovic, Alix de Becdelievre, Sophie Perie, Jean Pouget, Bruno Eymard
OBJECTIVE: Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an autosomal dominant adult-onset disease characterized by progressive ptosis, dysphagia, and proximal limb weakness. The genetic cause is an expanded (GCN)n mutation in the PABPN1 gene encoding for the polyadenylate-binding protein nuclear 1. We hypothesized a potential correlation between the size of the (GCN)n expansion and the severity of the phenotype. To do this, we characterized the distribution of the genotypes as well as their correlation with age at diagnosis and phenotypical features in a large cohort of heterozygous and homozygous patients with OPMD in France with a confirmed molecular diagnosis of PABPN1...
December 23, 2016: Neurology
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