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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#1
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108784/prolonged-urinary-retention-can-and-does-occur-after-any-type-of-ureteral-reimplantantion
#2
Martin A Koyle, Hissan Butt, Armando Lorenzo, Gerald C Mingin, Jack S Elder, Grahame H H Smith
OBJECTIVE: Transient urinary retention has been recognized as a complication of bilateral ureteroneocystostomy (UNC), when performed extravesically. The objective of this study was to review a collective surgeons' experiences of unilateral extra- and unilateral and/or bilateral intra-vesical ureteral reimplanation, where urinary retention greater than 6 weeks, or what we have termed, "prolonged urinary retention" (PUR), occurred. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts to identify PUR after any open or robotic reimplant, other than bilateral extravesical, between 1998 and 2015 as reported by five surgeons...
January 20, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108642/the-potential-role-for-smartphones-among-older-adults-with-chronic-noncancer-pain-a-qualitative-study
#3
Joshua E Richardson, Jennifer I Lee, Anita Nirenberg, M Carrington Reid
: OBJECTIVE : To determine the role that smartphones may play in supporting older adults with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) in order to improve pain management in this expanding population. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  One academically affiliated primary care practice serving older adults with CNCP in New York City. SUBJECTS : Thirteen older adults (age 65-85 years) with CNCP on chronic opioid therapy, that is, continuous use of opioids for at least six months...
January 20, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108374/strategies-to-reduce-hospitalizations-of-children-with-medical-complexity-through-complex-care-expert-perspectives
#4
Ryan J Coller, Bergen B Nelson, Thomas S Klitzner, Adrianna A Saenz, Paul G Shekelle, Carlos F Lerner, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Interventions to reduce disproportionate hospital use among children with medical complexity (CMC) are needed. Our objective was to conduct a rigorous, structured process to develop intervention strategies aiming to reduce hospitalizations within a complex care program population. METHODS: A complex care medical home program used 1) semi-structured interviews of caregivers of CMC experiencing acute, unscheduled hospitalizations, and 2) literature review on preventing hospitalizations among CMC, to develop key drivers for lowering hospital utilization and link them with intervention strategies...
January 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108265/palliative-care-and-parkinson-s-disease-meeting-summary-and-recommendations-for-clinical-research
#5
REVIEW
Benzi M Kluger, Siobhán Fox, Suzanne Timmons, Maya Katz, Nicholas B Galifianakis, Indu Subramanian, Julie H Carter, Miriam J Johnson, Edward W Richfield, David Bekelman, Jean S Kutner, Janis Miyasaki
INTRODUCTION: Palliative care is an approach to caring for patients and families affected by serious illnesses that focuses on the relief of suffering through the management of medical symptoms, psychosocial issues, advance care planning and spiritual wellbeing. Over the past decade there has been an emerging clinical and research interest in the application of palliative care approaches to Parkinson's disease (PD) and outpatient palliative care services are now offered by several movement disorders centers...
January 11, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107795/adherence-to-therapies-in-cystic-fibrosis-a-targeted-literature-review
#6
Siva Narayanan, Jochen G Mainz, Smeet Gala, Harold Tabori, Daniel Grossoehme
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-shortening condition with no cure. Available therapies relieving the symptoms of CF are complex and time-consuming. A comprehensive review assessing adherence to different CF therapies, association of adherence with outcomes, and factors influencing adherence could inform optimal patient management strategies. Areas covered: A targeted literature review of studies published from 2010-2016 assessed adherence to CF therapies. Nineteen studies qualified for inclusion. Adherence to CF therapies was sub-optimal, and varied by treatment, mode of treatment administration, age, season, time and method of adherence measurement...
January 20, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107540/impact-of-adding-a-decision-aid-to-patient-education-in-adults-with-asthma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Myriam E Gagné, France Légaré, Jocelyne Moisan, Louis-Philippe Boulet
BACKGROUND: Not providing adequate patient education interventions to asthma patients remains a major care gap. To help asthma patients and caregivers discuss inhaled controller medication use, our team has previously developed a decision aid (DA). We sought to assess whether adding this DA to education interventions improved knowledge, decisional conflict, and asthma control among adults with asthma. METHODS: A parallel clinical trial (NCT02516449). We recruited adults with asthma, aged 18 to 65 years, prescribed inhaled controller medication to optimize asthma control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107501/childhood-vaccine-acceptance-and-refusal-among-warao-amerindian-caregivers-in-venezuela-a-qualitative-approach
#8
Jochem Burghouts, Berenice Del Nogal, Angimar Uriepero, Peter W M Hermans, Jacobus H de Waard, Lilly M Verhagen
OBJECTIVES: Acceptance of childhood vaccination varies between societies, affecting worldwide vaccination coverage. Low coverage rates are common in indigenous populations where parents often choose not to vaccinate their children. We aimed to gain insight into reasons for vaccine acceptance or rejection among Warao Amerindians in Venezuela. METHODS: Based on records of vaccine acceptance or refusal, in-depth interviews with 20 vaccine-accepting and 11 vaccine-declining caregivers were performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#9
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107297/nursing-care-management-influence-on-bundled-payments
#10
Shaynie Lentz, Brenda Luther
Fragmented and uncoordinated care is the third highest driver of U.S. healthcare costs. Although less than 10% of patients experience uncoordinated care, these patients represent 36% of total healthcare costs; care management interaction makes a significant impact on the utilization of healthcare dollars. A literature search was conducted to construct a model of care coordination for elective surgical procedures by collecting best practices for acute, transitions, and post-acute care periods. A case study was used to demonstrate the model developed...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106617/determinants-of-health-knowledge-and-health-perceptions-from-the-perspective-of-health-related-education-of-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#11
Piotr Tederko, Tomasz Krasuski, Marek Krasuski, Alicja Długołęcka, Beata Tarnacka
Appropriate health knowledge (HK) and health perceptions (HP) of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) are linked to health-related behaviors, compliance, the involvement of caregivers and efficacy of prophylaxis, and management of secondary conditions. The significance of factors determining the efficacy of educational interventions in patients with SCI is underestimated. This systematic literature review aims at identification of determinants of HK and HP among patients with SCI. We identified 16 papers with quantitative HK and HP measurements conclusive in the identification of HK and HP determinants in individuals with SCI...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106612/the-brief-early-childhood-screening-assessment-preliminary-validity-in-pediatric-primary-care
#12
Elise M Fallucco, Tim Wysocki, Lauren James, Chelsea Kozikowski, Andre Williams, Mary M Gleason
OBJECTIVE: Brief, well-validated instruments are needed to facilitate screening for early childhood behavioral and emotional problems (BEPs). The objectives of this study were to empirically reduce the length of the Early Childhood Screening Assessment (ECSA) and to assess the validity and reliability of this shorter tool. METHODS: Using caregiver ECSA responses for 2467 children aged 36 to 60 months seen in primary care, individual ECSA items were ranked on a scale ranging from "absolutely retain" to "absolutely delete...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106569/cerebellar-volume-and-executive-function-in-parkinson-disease-with-and-without-freezing-of-gait
#13
Peter S Myers, Marie E McNeely, Jonathan M Koller, Gammon M Earhart, Meghan C Campbell
BACKGROUND: Freezing of gait (FOG) affects approximately 50% of people with Parkinson Disease (PD), impacting quality of life and placing financial and emotional strain on the individual and caregivers. People with PD and FOG have similar deficits in motor adaptation and cognition as individuals with cerebellar lesions, indicating the cerebellum may play a role in FOG. OBJECTIVE: To examine potential differences in cerebellar volumes and their relationships with cognition between PD with (FOG+) and without FOG (FOG-)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106561/the-modified-frontal-behavioral-inventory-fbi-mod-for-patients-with-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
Noora-Maria Suhonen, Ilona Hallikainen, Tuomo Hänninen, Jari Jokelainen, Johanna Krüger, Anette Hall, Maria Pikkarainen, Hilkka Soininen, Anne M Remes
While behavioral symptoms are both early and prevalent features of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), they can be present in other types of dementia as well, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and even mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The Frontal Behavioral Inventory (FBI) was specifically developed to capture the behavioral and personality changes in bvFTD; it has also been modified into a self-administered caregiver questionnaire (FBI-mod). We examined the utility of the FBI-mod in differentiating bvFTD (n = 26), primary progressive aphasia (PPA) (n = 7), AD (n = 53), and MCI (n = 50) patients, and investigated how the FBI-mod may be associated with neuropsychological measures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106550/factors-underpinning-caregiver-burden-in-frontotemporal-dementia-differ-in-spouses-and-their-children
#15
Cassandra Kaizik, Jashelle Caga, Julieta Camino, Claire M O'Connor, Colleen McKinnon, Jan R Oyebode, Olivier Piguet, John R Hodges, Eneida Mioshi
The objectives of this observational study were to (1) compare spousal and child caregiver burden; (2) compare co-resident and live-out child caregiver burden; and (3) investigate factors influencing spousal and child caregiver burden. Data was collected from 90 caregivers of people with frontotemporal degeneration (FTD) recruited from the Frontotemporal Dementia Research Group (Frontier) at Neuroscience Research, Australia. Of this caregiver group, 43 were spousal caregivers and 47 were child caregivers. Caregiver burden and emotional state were evaluated using the short Zarit Burden Interview and the short version of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106516/rural-end-of-life-care-from-the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-patients-and-family-caregivers-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Suzanne Rainsford, Roderick D MacLeod, Nicholas J Glasgow, Christine B Phillips, Robert B Wiles, Donna M Wilson
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care must be relevant to the dying person and their family caregiver regardless of where they live. Rural areas are distinct and need special consideration. Gaining end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers is needed to ensure optimal rural care. AIMS: To describe end-of-life care experiences and perspectives of rural patients and their family caregivers, to identify facilitators and barriers to receiving end-of-life care in rural/remote settings and to describe the influence of rural place and culture on end-of-life care experiences...
January 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105900/feasibility-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-rgn107-in-the-palliative-wound-care-management-of-chronic-wound-symptoms
#17
M Madisetti, T J Kelechi, M Mueller, E J Amella, M A Prentice
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, acceptability and tolerability of RGN107 use, a natural powder blend of Arnica Montana, Calendula Officinalis, Mentha Arvensis and Santalum Album, among hospice patients and their wound caregivers in the palliative wound care management of chronic wound symptoms at end-of-life. METHOD: Data were collected between May 2013 and November 2015. A pilot trial conducted among 50 hospice patients with symptomatic (pain, odour, or exudate) chronic wounds...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105776/patient-companions-in-the-turkish-healthcare-system-the-role-expectations-and-problems
#18
Yusuf Çelik, Neşet Hikmet, Fatih Şantaş, Abide Aksungur, Gülsen Topaktaş, İlkay Sevinç Turaç
The purpose of this study was to determine the roles, expectations and problems of patient companions and to develop solutions to the difficulties encountered by the nurses, patients and their companions. A qualitative approach with semi-structured face-to-face interviews was used during May and June 2014 to collect data. A convenience sample of participants was selected from the nurses, patients and their companions. Content analysis was used for the data. The results of this study revealed that the need for companions is important to the current Turkish healthcare system, but it has many drawbacks...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105737/the-effects-of-power-toothbrushing-on-periodontal-inflammation-in-a-canadian-nursing-home-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
S E Lavigne, M B Doupe, A M Iacopino, S Mahmud, L Elliott
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether twice-daily use of a rotating-oscillating power toothbrush (Oral-B Professional Care 1000(™) ) in nursing home (NH) residents over a 6-week period, compared to usual care (UC), would reduce periodontal inflammation. METHODS: In this repeated measures single-blinded randomized controlled trial, 59 residents of one NH in Winnipeg, Canada, were randomized to receive either twice-daily tooth brushing with a rotating-oscillating power toothbrush (PB) or UC by caregivers...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105542/hospice-in-heart-failure-why-when-and-what-then
#20
Jeffrey L Spiess
Hospice is a model of care for patients nearing the end of their lives that emphasizes symptom management, quality of life (QOL), and support of the patient and caregiving family through the death of the patient and the family's bereavement. It is associated with high patient and caregiver satisfaction and appears to not shorten lifespan for appropriately referred patients. Patients with advanced heart failure are being referred to hospice care more often than in the past, but the majority of deaths occur without this benefit...
January 20, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
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