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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324243/fungal-keratitis-secondary-to-trametes-betulina-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Joshua S Hardin, Deanna A Sutton, Nathan P Wiederhold, James Mele, Sunali Goyal
PURPOSE: We report the first case of human infection and keratitis secondary to Trametes betulina, a rare filamentous fungus. METHODS: Clinical examination including external and slit-lamp examination and corneal scrapings with microbiologic evaluation were performed on a patient with chronic allergic conjunctivitis, entropion and a long-standing corneal ulcer resistant to treatment. RESULTS: The culture from the corneal scraping revealed a basidiomycetous fungus which was submitted for identification...
March 21, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316023/transconjunctival-versus-subciliary-approach-to-the-infraorbital-margin-for-open-reduction-of-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-a-randomized-feasibility-study
#2
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin Elsheikh, Atef M Hussein, Adly A Tantawy, Youssef Mansour Abdelbaki
INTRODUCTION: Although some studies addressed the differences between subciliary and transconjunctival approaches, no previous prospective comparative study on displaced zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture that repaired by three-point internal fixation using also upper gingivolabial incision and upper eye lid incision. So, the effect of these incisions on the comparison was not investigated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare transconjunctival and subciliary approaches for open reduction and internal rigid fixation (OR/IF) of ZMC fractures...
March 18, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268157/orbicularis-oculi-muscle-tightening-for-involutional-entropion
#3
Hitoshi Nemoto, Tomoichiro Togo, Naoki Maruyama, Kenta Miyabe, Seiko Nakae, Noriyoshi Sumiya
AIMS: To describe a novel technique for involutional entropion (IE) correction and present a retrospective case study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The entropion eyelid was corrected by repairing the thin preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) of the lower eyelid. Patients underwent correction with this method from 2005 to 2014 and were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. They were evaluated retrospectively with chart review (operation time, recurrence rate, operator years of experience as a plastic surgeon, etc...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254497/evaluation-of-moderate-and-severe-blepharoptosis-correction-using-the-interdigitated-part-of-the-frontalis-muscle-and-orbicularis-oculi-muscle-suspension-technique-a-cohort-study-of-235-cases
#4
Tailing Wang, Xiuqi Li, Xiao Wang, Qianwen Wang, Wuyan Li, Lu Zhou, Weiming Song, Jiaqi Wang
BACKGROUND: Blepharoptosis is defined as an abnormally low-lying upper eyelid margin in the primary gaze, causing vertical narrowing of the palpebral fissure. It is difficult to achieve consistently satisfactory results in moderate or severe cases despite many surgical methods being available to correct them. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2014, a retrospective cohort study was conducted using medical records and perioperative photographs of 235 patients...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230592/a-modified-bifurcated-periosteal-flap-for-simultaneous-reconstruction-of-upper-and-lower-lateral-canthal-tendons
#5
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hirohiko Kakizaki
A bifurcated periosteal flap is useful for simultaneous reconstruction of the upper and lower lateral canthal tendons. The original technique harvested the flap horizontally from the frontal process of the zygoma, which mostly resulted in an insufficient flap length because of the narrowness of the zygoma. Here, the authors report the use of a modified bifurcated periosteal flap, raised from the superolateral orbital rim. The lower flap was positioned to slant inferiorly to create a downward slope of the lower eyelid for smooth lacrimal drainage by gravity...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210184/surgical-treatment-of-a-rare-case-of-bilateral-ptosis-due-to-localized-ocular-amyloidosis
#6
Gianluca Scuderi, Solmaz Abdolrahimzadeh, Antonietta Troccola, Marco Mazzocchi, Santi Maria Recupero
We describe a rare case of a 31-year old woman with bilateral ptosis due to localized amyloidosis. She referred a nine-year history of ptosis and surgical treatment with frontalis suspension three years previously. Following complete ophthalmological examination and evaluation of the ptosis we carried out tarsal and fornix biopsy, which revealed accumulation of a weakly eosinophilic amyloid positive substance. We performed surgical correction using the levator aponeurosis-Müller's muscle complex re-adaptation technique and amyloid substance debulking in all the palpebral layers in the left eye...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143466/long-term-outcome-of-allogeneic-cultivated-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-for-symblepharon-caused-by-severe-ocular-burns
#7
Jun Cheng, Hualei Zhai, Junyi Wang, Haoyun Duan, Qingjun Zhou
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effects of allogeneic cultivated limbal epithelial transplantation (CLET) for symblephara at different degrees caused by ocular burns were evaluated in this study. METHODS: A series of interventional cases were involved in this retrospective study. Eighty eyes (80 patients) with symblephara underwent CLET and the success rates of surgical treatment as well as corneal conditions and risk factors for recurrent symblepharon were analyzed...
January 31, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134632/posterior-medial-canthal-thermoplasty
#8
Kaveh Vahdani, Vladimir Theodor Thaller
PURPOSE: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity. METHODS: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). This area is then plicated horizontally by bringing the preplaced sutures through the medial tarsal plate...
January 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089746/congenital-entropion-and-hypotropia-secondary-to-duplication-of-the-inferior-rectus-muscle
#9
Tarek A Shazly, S Tonya Stefko
Congenital anomalies of the extraocular muscles apart from congenital fibrosis are relatively rare. Duplication of extraocular muscles is a particularly rare congenital anomaly that has been rarely reported in the literature. We present a case of unilateral congenital entropion and hypotropia resulting from duplication of the inferior rectus muscle.
February 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079699/a-new-technique-for-total-reconstruction-of-the-lower-lid
#10
Mehmet Mutaf, Metin Temel
BACKGROUND: Although several methods have been described for total lower eyelid reconstruction, it remains as a major challenge in reconstructive surgery. Here, we present a new technique, the Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure for reconstruction of defects of the lower eyelid. METHODS: In this technique, 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal Z-plasty manner are used to provide skin coverage. Except for 2 patients whose additional upper eyelid defects were closed with Fricke flap, all patients were reconstructed with Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052070/identifying-patient-perceived-barriers-to-trichiasis-surgery-in-kongwa-district-tanzania
#11
Ryan J Bickley, Harran Mkocha, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila West
BACKGROUND: Trachomatous trichiasis (TT), inturned eyelashes from repeated infection with Chlamydia trachomatis, is the leading infectious cause of blindness in the world. Though surgery will correct entropion caused by trachoma, uptake of TT surgery remains low. In this case-control study, we identify barriers that prevent TT patients from receiving sight-saving surgery. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Participants were selected from a database of TT cases who did (acceptors) and did not (non-acceptors) have surgery as of August 2015...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050326/use-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-in-ophthalmology
#12
REVIEW
Emel Başar, Ceyhun Arıcı
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is the first biological toxin used in the treatment of ophthalmic diseases and to decrease skin wrinkles as an aesthetic agent. When used appropriately, it weakens the force of muscular contraction and/or inhibits glandular secretion. The most common areas for botulinum toxin treatment are the upper face, including the glabella, forehead, brows, and lateral canthal lines, or crow's feet. By relaxing the muscles causing wrinkles, non-permanent results may be achieved with its use...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040525/factors-associated-with-surgical-outcomes-in-congenital-ptosis-a-10-year-study-of-319-cases
#13
Yeen-Fey Ho, Shu-Ya Wu, Yueh-Ju Tsai
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 10-year results of surgery for congenital ptosis and identify factors associated with excellent outcomes and recurrence.
 DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series.
 METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 319 patients who underwent surgical correction at a tertiary medical center for congenital ptosis. The main outcome measures were postoperative surgical outcomes and recurrence rates. Excellent lid height was assessed as a marginal reflex distance (MRD) greater than 3 mm...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027188/lower-eyelid-complications-in-facial-fracture-surgery
#14
Erik Neovius, Sophie Clarliden, Filip Farnebo, Tor Kalle Lundgren
BACKGROUND: Facial fractures may lead to sequelae due to the trauma but also as a result of surgery. Complications to lower eyelid incisions include ectropion, scleral show, entropion, canthal malposition, and lid edema. The aim of this study was to compare the occurrence of such complications depending on whether a subciliary or transconjunctival incision was used for surgical access. METHODS: All consecutive patients surgically treated for a facial fracture between June 2005 and December 2012 with a lower eyelid incision and a minimal follow-up of 6 months were included in this retrospective study...
March 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005752/analysis-of-extended-transconjunctival-approach-with-lateral-paracanthal-incision-a-study-among-classical-methods-of-orbital-approach-and-new-method
#15
Young Chul Suh, Jong-Woo Choi, Tae Suk Oh, Kyung S Koh
Although the subcilliary or conventional transconjunctival approach has been widely used, it often fails to get acceptable visual fields or scars. This study directly compared the extended transconjunctival approach accompanied by lateral paracanthal incision with other traditional approaches in terms of surgical fields, the outcomes and complications. This retrospective chart review included 113 patients (82 males and 31 females; mean age: 38.7 years; range: 11-87 years), who underwent orbital reduction from November 2009 to September 2013...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003734/debs-a-unification-theory-for-dry-eye-and-blepharitis
#16
James M Rynerson, Henry D Perry
For many years, blepharitis and dry eye disease have been thought to be two distinct diseases, and evaporative dry eye distinct from aqueous insufficiency. In this treatise, we propose a new way of looking at dry eye, both evaporative and insufficiency, as the natural sequelae of decades of chronic blepharitis. Dry eye is simply the late form and late manifestation of one disease, blepharitis. We suggest the use of a new term in describing this one chronic disease, namely dry eye blepharitis syndrome (DEBS)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938962/histopathological-changes-in-involutional-lower-eyelid-entropion-the-tarsus-is-thickened
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daliborka Miletić, Biljana Kuzmanović Elabjer, Mladen Bušić, Ana Bišćan Tvrdi, Zvonko Petrović, Damir Bosnar, Mirjana Bjeloš
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of histopathological changes in lower eyelid involutional entropion. DESIGN: Case-control, comparative study at a single institution. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 20 consecutive patients with previously untreated involutional lower eyelid entropion and 20 matching patients with lateral lower eyelid basal cell carcinoma (BCC). METHODS: Patients with involutional entropion were operated using our modified surgical method, and patients with BCC underwent full-thickness pentagonal excision with 3-mm surgical margins...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861402/long-term-results-for-entropion-repair-by-tarsal-margin-rotation-with-posterior-lamella-superadvancement
#18
David J Russell, Stuart R Seiff
PURPOSE: To report the long-term stability of tarsal margin rotation and posterior lamellar superadvancement (TMR PLS) for the repair of upper eyelid cicatricial entropion. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed from January 2000 through December 2014 to identify all patients who had TMR PLS at the authors' institution. Charts were reviewed for demographic information, recurrence of entropion or trichiasis, and surgical complications. Failure was defined as return of entropion...
November 15, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860098/epidemiology-of-ocular-disorders-presumed-to-be-inherited-in-three-large-italian-dog-breeds-in-italy
#19
Adolfo Guandalini, Nicola Di Girolamo, Daniele Santillo, Valentina Andreani, Roberta Corvi, Marina Bandini, Claudio Peruccio
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and the types of eye disorders that are presumed to be inherited (PIED) in three large Italian dog breeds. ANIMALS: Three large Italian dog breeds: Neapolitan Mastiff (FCI code: 197), Maremma Sheepdog (FCI code: 201), and Italian Corso dog (FCI code: 343). PROCEDURES: All dogs that underwent a complete ophthalmic examination between 1992 and 2012 were included in this prospective observational study...
November 11, 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817116/modified-lateral-tarsal-strip-for-involutional-entropion-and-ectropion-surgery
#20
REVIEW
José Santiago López-García, Isabel García-Lozano, Carlos Giménez-Vallejo, Belén Jiménez, Álvaro Sánchez, Isabel Elosua de Juan
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess our outcomes in involutional lower eyelid ectropion and entropion surgery after horizontal eyelid tightening by a modified tarsal strip technique. METHODS: A prospective study of 88 eyelids with ectropion and 96 with entropion was performed. Patients were randomly distributed into two groups: the control group included 90 eyelids (46 entropion and 44 ectropion) and the other group of 94 eyelids (50 entropion and 44 ectropion). The control group was treated with a conventional tarsal strip, whereas the second group underwent the same surgery except for a modified suture placement of the tarsal strip different in patients with ectropion and entropion...
March 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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