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Ectropion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200763/the-lateral-tarsal-strip-for-paralytic-ectropion-in-patients-with-leprosy
#1
Mihn-Sook Jue, Jisook Yoo, Min-Soo Kim, Hyang-Joon Park
Background: In patients with leprosy, paralysis of the facial nerve results in the lower eyelid ectropion and lagophthalmos as a sequela even when the leprosy is cured. Paralytic ectropion causes many functional and cosmetic eye problems, leading to blindness if left untreated. Objective: The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy of surgical correction of paralytic ectropion, the lateral tarsal strip, in patients with leprosy. Methods: Between 2010 and 2015, 40 Korean patients (44 eyelids) with paralytic ectropion who had visited Korean Hansen Welfare Association Hospital were treated with the lateral tarsal strip...
December 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194782/acral-lamellar-ichthyosis-expanding-the-phenotype-of-temperature-sensitive-keratinization-disorders
#2
Hiram de Almeida, Cristina Has, Judith Fischer, Ingrid Hausser
Lamellar ichthyosis is a MEDOC (Mendelian disorders of cornification) that belongs to the ARCI group (Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis) 1 , characterized by large brownish scaly lesions tightly adherent, with typical involvement of the face, which may lead to ectropion. Mutations in at least 12genes have been described in the ARCI group2 . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 1, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181406/vertical-to-horizontal-rotational-myocutaneous-flap-for-repairing-cicatricial-lower-lid-ectropion-a-novel-surgical-technique
#3
Yu-Fan Chang, Chieh-Chih Tsai, Hui-Chuan Kau, Catherine Jui-Ling Liu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and complications of a novel surgical technique for cicatricial lower lid ectropion that uses a vertical-to-horizontal (V-to-H) rotational myocutaneous flap procedure (Tsai procedure). Methods: We performed the V-to-H rotational myocutaneous flap procedure on 20 eyelids in 20 patients with mild to moderate cicatricial lower lid ectropion. A vertical myocutaneous flap was created from the anterior lamella of the vertical pedicle in the lateral third of the lower eyelid...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160539/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-external-punctal-stenosis-among-elderly-patients-in-turkey
#4
Mahmut Oğuz Ulusoy, Mehmet Atakan, Sertaç Argun Kıvanç
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of external punctal stenosis (EPS) in the elderly population and investigate associated factors. METHODS: A total of 278 patients ≥65 years of age were evaluated for evidence of EPS from January to July 2016. Associated systemic, ocular, demographic, and lifestyle factors were investigated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to evaluate the factors related to having EPS. P values <0.05 were considered statistically significant...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107469/diseases-of-the-retina-and-the-optic-nerve-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
REVIEW
Marielle Mentek, Florent Aptel, Diane Godin-Ribuot, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pepin, Christophe Chiquet
Many associations between ocular disorders and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been studied, such as nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, glaucoma, papilledema, retinal vein occlusion, eyelid hyperlaxity, lower-eyelid ectropion and recurrent corneal erosions. The objective of this review is to synthetize the possible vascular disorders of the retina and the optic nerve associated with sleep apnea patients and to discuss the underlying pathophysiological hypotheses. Main mechanisms involved in the ocular complications of OSA are related to intermittent hypoxia, sympathetic system activation, oxidant stress, and deleterious effects of endothelin 1...
May 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081868/comparison-of-polypropylene-sling-with-combined-transconjunctival-retractor-plication-and-lateral-tarsal-strip-for-correction-of-involutional-lower-eye-lid-ectropion
#6
Ruchi Goel, Abhilasha Sanoria, Sushil Kumar, Deepanjali Arya, Smriti Nagpal, Neha Rathie
PURPOSE: The study aims to compare the effectiveness and complications of transconjunctival retractor plication (TRP) with lateral tarsal strip (LTS) and the polypropylene sling (PS) surgery for treatment of involutional lower lid ectropion. METHOD: A prospective randomised pilot study was conducted on 30 eyes of 30 patients suffering from epiphora having horizontal eyelid laxity >6mm and age >50 years at a tertiary care centre from December 2014 to March 2015...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053043/entropion-and-ectropion-repair-a-snapshot-of-surgical-practice-in-the-united-kingdom
#7
Katherine Anne Mcveigh, Rhys Harrison, Rebecca Ford
We aim to provide a snapshot of the current surgical practice for correction of entropion and ectropion, the two most common oculoplastic procedures carried out in the UK, by surveying 135 consultant oculoplastic surgeons via the tool Survey Monkey. Forty-seven (35%) consultants responded. For entropion, 44% of surgeons opted for lateral tarsal strip (LTS) + everting sutures (ES). Other first-line choices included LTS + transcutaneous retractor plication (21%), Quickert's procedure (14%), ES (7%), and Wies procedure (5%)...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044077/ophthalmic-manifestations-in-rothmund-thomson-syndrome-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
J T Chinmayee, G R Meghana, R K Prathiba, T K Ramesh
A 24-year-old male patient presented to us with diminution of vision in both eyes with watering and photophobia for the past 8 years. General physical examination showed short stature and poikiloderma. Ocular findings include photophobia with reflex tearing, dry eye, cicatricial ectropion, symblepharon approaching pupillary area of cornea, and multiple superficial punctuate erosions on the cornea. Both eyelids showed scanty meibomian glands on infrared meibography. The rest of the anterior and posterior segment was normal...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038637/subcuticular-suture-technique-alternative-to-frost-suture-to-prevent-ectropion-after-transcutaneous-incision-of-lower-eyelid
#9
Adarsh Kudva, Abhay Kamath, K M Cariappa, Srikanth Gadicherla, B Vasantha Dhara
INTRODUCTION: An ectropion is a complication that can arise from reconstruction in the infraorbital region. Often, this complication occurs despite proper positioning of the lower lid at the time of closure. Various transcutaneous approaches to orbit skeleton have investigated in view of complication arising from them. A subtarsal approach with a postoperative Frost suture gives an advantage to reduce the occurrence of ectropion especially after treatment of orbital floor fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case describes a method of subcuticular suturing technique for subtarsal incision of lower lid which can be used to support the lid during healing period, thus decreasing the rate of ectropion...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027062/congenital-ectropion-uveae-with-glaucoma-a-case-report
#10
Rashmi Kumari, Bhawesh Chandra Saha
Congenital ectropion uveae (CEU) is a rare anomaly characterized by ectropion uveae, iris hypoplasia, iridotrabecular dysgenesis and glaucoma. The apparent ectropion uveae results from the spread of iris pigment epithelium beyond the iris ruff and onto the anterior surface of the iris. Conclusion Open-angle glaucoma results due to angle dysgenesis, so patients should be carefully examined periodically for its early detection.
October 12, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979650/-urethral-ectropion-may-hide-a-carcinoma
#11
Mohammed Alae Touzani, Othmane Yddoussalah
The incidence of female urethral cancer is rare and accounts for 0.02% of all women's cancers. It is dominated by epidermoid carcinoma, which most commonly develops in the distal portion of the urethra, extending to inguinal lymph nodes. The diagnosis is confirmed in the distal forms on the basis of uretrocystoscopy with biopsy. Abdominopelvic MRI allows to determine tumor extension as well as its infiltration into tissues and peri-urethral organs. As in superficial tumors of the distal urethra, simple circumferential resection of the urethra associated with resection of the adjacent portion of the anterior surface of the vagina is sufficient...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928260/upper-eyelid-ectropion-repair
#12
Valentín Huerva, Diego Castanera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913282/the-versatility-of-cheek-rotation-flaps
#13
Kyung Pil Kim, Ho Seup Sim, Jun Ho Choi, Sam Yong Lee, Do Hun Lee, Seong Hwan Kim, Hong Min Kim, Jae Ha Hwang, Kwang Seog Kim
BACKGROUND: The cheek rotation flap has sufficient blood flow and large flap size and it is also flexible and easy to manipulate. It has been used for reconstruction of defects on cheek, lower eyelid, or medial and lateral canthus. For the large defects on central nose, paramedian forehead flap has been used, but patients were reluctant despite the remaining same skin tone on damaged area because of remaining scars on forehead. However, the cheek flap is cosmetically superior as it uses the adjacent large flap...
December 2016: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885440/is-orbital-floor-reconstruction-with-titanium-mesh-safe
#14
Omar Bakr Hazm Al-Khdhairi, Saif Saadedeen Abdulrazaq
To reconstruct the orbital floor defects there are a lot of reconstruction materials, the surgeon must choose one of them. The authors share their experience with 10 patients suffering from orbital trauma causing orbital floor fracture; those fractures were reconstructed using titanium mesh. No complications were encountered postoperatively apart from 1 patient with ectropion. Titanium mesh is a perfect material for the reconstruction of the orbital fractures, eliminating the need for autogenous bone graft.
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862257/outcomes-of-lower-eyelid-retractor-recession-and-lateral-horn-lysis-in-lower-eyelid-elevation-for-facial-nerve-palsy
#15
P Tan, J Wong, W F Siah, R Malhotra
PurposeTo report outcomes and complications of lower eyelid retractor recession and lateral horn lysis (RR) for lower eyelid elevation in patients with facial nerve palsy (FNP).Patients and methodsRetrospective review. Patients with FNP undergoing RR alone (group 1) or with adjunctive procedures (canthal suspension-group 2, tarsorrhaphy-group 3, and full-thickness skin graft-group 4) during a 5-year period were included. Patient demographics, lagophthalmos, occurrence of eyelid malpositions, recurrent retraction, and repeat procedures were noted from medical records...
September 1, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853982/outcomes-of-two-surgical-techniques-for-major-trichiasis-treatment
#16
Lucieni Cb Ferraz, Roberta Lrs Meneghim, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Ana Cv Wanzeler, Michelli M Saruwatari, Larissa H Satto, Carlos R Padovani, Silvana A Schellini
The purpose of this article is to analyze the outcomes of two surgical techniques to treat major trichiasis. A retrospective chart review of 67 patients (89 eyelids) with major trichiasis was performed who underwent surgical treatment using one of two techniques: intermarginal split lamella with graft (ISLG group) or lid lamella resection (LLR group). There were 30 lids in the ISLG group with mean patient age of 71.8 years and 63.3% were females. There were 59 lids in the LLR group with mean patient age of 72...
August 30, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853964/-the-influence-of-orbital-vector-on-involutional-entropion-and-ectropion
#17
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Farshad Gholipour, Koosha Ramezani, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi, Seyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of orbital vector and other biometric parameters (i.e. axial globe length, axial globe projection) on the development of involutional entropion or ectropion. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 167 eyes from 132 patients were included. Of these eyes, 128 had involutional entropion and 39 had involutional ectropion, all of lower lids. The axial globe projection was measured using Hertel exophthalmometry; axial globe length was assessed by A-mode ultrasound; and orbital vector was determined clinically...
August 30, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853961/punctal-ectropion-repair-using-the-raus-garito-clamp
#18
Peter P M Raus, Nathalie Bral, Richard Collin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results from the correction of ectropion of the punctum lacrimale in lower eyelids with a new surgical clamp. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Eighty eight eyelids in 55 patients with mild and moderate ectropion were included in the study. An excision of a diamond of tarso-conjunctiva with retractor reattachment and concomitant correction of horizontal lid laxity, if present, was performed. RESULTS: Resolution of tearing was obtained in 77 eyes...
August 30, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843005/reconstruction-of-midface-defects-with-the-osteocutaneous-radial-forearm-flap-evaluation-of-long-term-outcomes-including-patient-reported-quality-of-life
#19
Timothy M Connolly, Larissa Sweeny, Benjamin Greene, Anthony Morlandt, William R Carroll, Eben L Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Maxillectomy defects significantly impair quality of life. Prosthetics can overcome some of these issues, but has limitations. The role of the osteocutaneous radial forearm free flap (OC-RFFF) has been established for reconstruction of smaller maxillectomy defects, but its role in larger defects is not well defined. We aim to evaluate outcomes after midface reconstruction utilizing the OC-RFFF. METHODS: Retrospective review of prospective database collected between 2005 and 2014 of midface reconstruction using OC-RFFF in a tertiary care centre...
October 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839322/breast-cancer-in-a-patient-with-kindlers-syndrome
#20
Itrat Mehdi, Bassim Jaffar Al Bahrani, Taha Mohsin Al Lawati, Zahid Al Mandhari, Fatima Ramadhan Al Lawati
Breast Cancer (BC) has associated risk factors and genetic factors like BRCA1, and BRCA2. Many benign and malignant disease processes are found concurrently with BC and believed to be additional risk factors like gall bladder stones (cholelithiasis), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular lesions, arthritis, spine and spinal cord degenerative lesions, infertility, depression, sleep disturbances, obesity, autoimmune diseases (SLE), and thyroid diseases. There are some malignant disease associations like synchronous or metachronous ovarian, colonic and endometrial tumours with Breast cancer...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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