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Ectropion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316023/transconjunctival-versus-subciliary-approach-to-the-infraorbital-margin-for-open-reduction-of-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-a-randomized-feasibility-study
#1
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ezzeddin Elsheikh, Atef M Hussein, Adly A Tantawy, Youssef Mansour Abdelbaki
INTRODUCTION: Although some studies addressed the differences between subciliary and transconjunctival approaches, no previous prospective comparative study on displaced zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fracture that repaired by three-point internal fixation using also upper gingivolabial incision and upper eye lid incision. So, the effect of these incisions on the comparison was not investigated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare transconjunctival and subciliary approaches for open reduction and internal rigid fixation (OR/IF) of ZMC fractures...
March 18, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314226/long-term-follow-up-of-mucous-membrane-grafting-for-cicatricial-ectropion-in-ichthyosis-a-case-report
#2
Hind Manaa Alkatan, Manar A Aljebreen, Adel H Alsuhaibani
INTRODUCTION: Ichthyosis is a group of keratinizing diseases characterized by scaly and dry skin. One of the ocular complications associated with ichthyosis is cicatricial ectropion which often results in exposure keratopathy and eventually corneal scarring. PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this report we are presenting a 21-year-old female who is known to have ichthyosis-related bilateral lower lid cicatricial ectropion, which was managed with Mucous Membrane Grafting (MMG) six years ago...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304389/manifestation-and-grading-of-ocular-involvement-in-patients-with-tessier-number-10-clefts
#3
C Shao, W Lu, J Li, J Chen, Q Yao, X Fan, Y Fu
PurposeThe objective of this study is to evaluate and grade the extent and severity of ocular involvement in Tessier number 10 cleft.Patients and methodsA retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series was conducted between January 2006 and December 2015. Clinical data were reviewed from 59 patients (85 eyes) with Tessier number 10 clefts. Detailed medical history and ophthalmic examination of patients with a confirmed diagnosis of Tessier number 10 cleft were recorded on an itemized data collection form...
March 17, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300742/newly-identified-paired-box-6-mutation-of-variant-familial-aniridia-congenital-iris-ectropion-with-foveal-hypoplasia
#4
Woo Jin Kim, Jong Ha Kim, Nam Chun Cho
Congenital aniridia is a kind of eye disease characterized by complete or partial hypoplasia of the iris and is associated with other ocular anomalies including corneal opacity, glaucoma, and foveal hypoplasia. Heterozygous mutation of paired box 6 (PAX6) gene was identified in most cases of aniridia, with iatrogenic mutations accounting for about two-third of the cases and chromosomal rearrangements accounting for the other one-third. We report rare cases of variant aniridia, congenital iris ectropion associated with foveal hypoplasia in both a woman and her son with a mutation of PAX6 gene...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280671/application-of-kuhnt-szymanowski-procedure-to-lower-eyelid-margin-defect-after-tumor-resection
#5
Ayato Hayashi, Mariko Mochizuki, Tomoki Kamimori, Masatoshi Horiguchi, Rica Tanaka, Hiroshi Mizuno
BACKGROUND: Lower eyelid reconstruction after tumor removal is always challenging, and full-thickness defects beyond half of the eyelid length require a flap from a part other than the remaining lower eyelid, such as the temporal area or the cheek. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to report our experience of applying Smith-modified Kuhnt-Szymanowski, one of the most popular procedures for paralytic ectropion, for reconstructing oblong full-thickness lower eyelid margin defect...
February 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268157/orbicularis-oculi-muscle-tightening-for-involutional-entropion
#6
Hitoshi Nemoto, Tomoichiro Togo, Naoki Maruyama, Kenta Miyabe, Seiko Nakae, Noriyoshi Sumiya
AIMS: To describe a novel technique for involutional entropion (IE) correction and present a retrospective case study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The entropion eyelid was corrected by repairing the thin preseptal orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) of the lower eyelid. Patients underwent correction with this method from 2005 to 2014 and were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. They were evaluated retrospectively with chart review (operation time, recurrence rate, operator years of experience as a plastic surgeon, etc...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254497/evaluation-of-moderate-and-severe-blepharoptosis-correction-using-the-interdigitated-part-of-the-frontalis-muscle-and-orbicularis-oculi-muscle-suspension-technique-a-cohort-study-of-235-cases
#7
Tailing Wang, Xiuqi Li, Xiao Wang, Qianwen Wang, Wuyan Li, Lu Zhou, Weiming Song, Jiaqi Wang
BACKGROUND: Blepharoptosis is defined as an abnormally low-lying upper eyelid margin in the primary gaze, causing vertical narrowing of the palpebral fissure. It is difficult to achieve consistently satisfactory results in moderate or severe cases despite many surgical methods being available to correct them. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2014, a retrospective cohort study was conducted using medical records and perioperative photographs of 235 patients...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246983/comorbidity-profiles-among-women-with-postcoital-bleeding-a-nationwide-health-insurance-database
#8
Hsin-Li Liu, Chuan-Mei Chen, Lee-Wen Pai, Yueh-Juen Hwu, Horng-Mo Lee, Yueh-Chin Chung
PURPOSE: Most of the existing studies on postcoital bleeding (PCB) in Western countries. To date, no study has focused on the various PCB-related comorbidities in Taiwan women. This work aims to analyze and compare the presence or absence of PCB among Taiwanese women with gynecological comorbidity. METHODS: This study is a population-based retrospective cohort investigation. Outpatients with PCB after the index date were considered. A total of 2377 female patients with PCB (ICD-9 626...
February 28, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230592/a-modified-bifurcated-periosteal-flap-for-simultaneous-reconstruction-of-upper-and-lower-lateral-canthal-tendons
#9
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hirohiko Kakizaki
A bifurcated periosteal flap is useful for simultaneous reconstruction of the upper and lower lateral canthal tendons. The original technique harvested the flap horizontally from the frontal process of the zygoma, which mostly resulted in an insufficient flap length because of the narrowness of the zygoma. Here, the authors report the use of a modified bifurcated periosteal flap, raised from the superolateral orbital rim. The lower flap was positioned to slant inferiorly to create a downward slope of the lower eyelid for smooth lacrimal drainage by gravity...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203322/congenital-ichthyosis-a-case-treated-successfully-with-acitretin
#10
Selvi Gulasi
INTRODUCTION: Lamellar ichthyosis (collodion baby) is a cornification disorder classified under the category of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis and characterized by hyperkeratosis. Early-stage retinoid treatment has been shown to improve survival in these patients. In this article, a lamellar ichthyosis case is presented of an infant who had the symptoms at birth and was treated successfully with acitretin. CASE PRESENTATION: A term newborn infant presented after delivery...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198772/micro-free-orbital-fat-grafts-to-the-tear-trough-deformity-during-lower-blepharoplasty
#11
Suzette G Miranda, Mark A Codner
BACKGROUND: The tear trough deformity is challenging in lower eyelid rejuvenation. Surgical treatment has evolved with more modern techniques preserving orbital fat and using autologous fat transposition. The author reviewed his own experience in targeting the tear trough in lower lid blepharoplasty and presented a new technique that incorporates the addition of micro free fat grafts which adds direct volume to the underlying anatomical depression using a transcutaneous skin-muscle approach...
February 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194320/congenital-upper-eyelids-ectropion-in-down-s-syndrome
#12
Rafael Corredor-Osorio, José Luis Tovilla-Pomar, José Luis Tovilla-Canales
Congenital bilateral ectropion of the upper eyelids is a rare, benign condition reported in ophthalmic literature. It is more frequently associated with Down's syndrome, ichthyosis, and sporadic cases in newborns from black population. We report three cases of congenital bilateral upper eyelid ectropion associated with Down's syndrome. Management of these patients usually requires medial and lateral canthoplasties, full-thickness pentagonal resection of the upper eyelids and placement of skin grafts. We present herein the evolution of one of these patients and we will discuss the mechanism of the eyelid ectropion and its treatment...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181930/recurrent-conjunctival-myofibrosarcoma-managed-with-triple-application-of-episcleral-brachytherapy
#13
Sean M Platt, Lynn Schoenfield, Surendra Basti, Paul J Bryar, John R Goldblum, Annapurna Singh, Arun D Singh
PURPOSE: To report a case of recurrent conjunctival myofibrosarcoma treated with wide surgical excision, cryotherapy, and triple sequential applications of episcleral brachytherapy. METHODS: A single case of recurrent conjunctival myofibrosarcoma. RESULTS: A 54-year-old man with a history of a renal transplant presented with a recurrent conjunctival tumor. Histopathologic diagnosis was established through immunohistochemistry. In total, 3 iodine radiation episcleral plaques were used over a period of 49 weeks...
February 8, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170535/activation-of-p38-and-erk-mitogen-activated-protein-kinases-signaling-in-ocular-rosacea
#14
Edward J Wladis, Supraja Swamy, Alyssa Herrmann, Jinhong Yang, J Andrew Carlson, Alejandro P Adam
Purpose: Rosacea-related cutaneous inflammation is a common cause of ocular surface disease. Currently, there are no specific pharmacologic therapies to treat ocular rosacea. Here, we aimed at determining the differences in intracellular signaling activity in eyelid skin from patients with and without ocular rosacea. Methods: This was an observational, comparative case series including 21 patients undergoing lower lid ectropion surgery at one practice during 2013 and 2014 (18 patients with rosacea, 13 control patients), and 24 paraffin-embedded archival samples from Albany Medical Center, selected randomly (12 patients with rosacea, 12 control patients)...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165837/endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-following-head-and-neck-radiation-therapy
#15
Adam R Sweeney, Greg E Davis, Shu-Hong Chang, Arash Jian-Amadi
This article determines the efficacy of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (endoDCR) in patients who have undergone adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (XRT) following head and neck cancer resection. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent endoDCR between 2006 and 2014 at a tertiary referral center. Cases were reviewed and selected for the following inclusion criteria: history of adjuvant sinonasal XRT following head and neck cancer resection, preoperative probing and irrigation demonstrating nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO), postoperative probing and irrigation following silicone tube extubation...
February 6, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160124/-long-term-results-of-the-compatibility-of-a-coralline-hydroxyapatite-implant-as-eye-replacement
#16
R Thiesmann, A Anagnostopoulos, B Stemplewitz
BACKGROUND: Coralline hydroxyapatite has been used since 1983 as volume replacement. Through 2001, a total of 200 hydroxyapatite implants were used in our department. OBJECTIVE: This prospective study was undertaken to measure the subjective and objective long-term tolerance of this implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2012, a total of 20 patients were examined, who were enucleated or eviscerated between 1993 and 2001 (average follow-up 16...
February 3, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155208/comparison-between-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-and-lacrimal-punctal-plugs-for-the-control-of-post-lasik-dry-eye-manifestations-a-prospective-study
#17
Sameh M Fouda, Hala K Mattout
INTRODUCTION: Laser in situ keratomelieusis (LASIK) is one of the commonest refractive procedures performed nowadays. The dry eye problem is nearly universal in all patients after LASIK and it can be so annoying that the post-operative patient satisfaction is sometimes precluded. Conventional treatment includes the use of artificial tears. Alternative methods such as punctal plugs and botulinum toxin injection can be used for the management of post-LASIK dry eye. The aim of this study is to compare botulinum toxin injection in the orbicularis muscle to lacrimal punctal plugs for the control of post-LASIK dry eye manifestations...
February 2, 2017: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135751/-surgery-of-lower-eyelid-ectropion-with-the-tarsal-strip-procedure-using-absorbable-or-non-absorbable-sutures-for-periosteal-fixation
#18
F Sommer
Purpose Tightening of the lower eyelid is often performed and many techniques are available. This paper describes the outcome of lower eyelid ectropion repair using the lateral tarsal strip procedure. Periosteal fixation of the tarsal strip can be performed with absorbable or non-absorbable sutures. This study compares the surgical results of periosteal fixation of the tarsal strip with a) absorbable and b) non-absorbable suture. Methods Of 206 patients who underwent surgery, data from 161 were available. During the 6 month follow-up period, suture material, recurrence rates and complications were assessed...
January 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134632/posterior-medial-canthal-thermoplasty
#19
Kaveh Vahdani, Vladimir Theodor Thaller
PURPOSE: To describe a new, simple, quick, and minimally invasive surgical technique for managing medial canthal tendon laxity. METHODS: The technique works by creating a directed posterior lamellar scar. Sutures are preplaced in firm medial canthal tissue, and a triangular diathermy burn is made between this fixation point and the medial tarsal plate (sparing the canaliculus). This area is then plicated horizontally by bringing the preplaced sutures through the medial tarsal plate...
January 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079699/a-new-technique-for-total-reconstruction-of-the-lower-lid
#20
Mehmet Mutaf, Metin Temel
BACKGROUND: Although several methods have been described for total lower eyelid reconstruction, it remains as a major challenge in reconstructive surgery. Here, we present a new technique, the Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure for reconstruction of defects of the lower eyelid. METHODS: In this technique, 2 skin flaps designed in an unequal Z-plasty manner are used to provide skin coverage. Except for 2 patients whose additional upper eyelid defects were closed with Fricke flap, all patients were reconstructed with Mutaf unequal Z-plasty procedure...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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