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Nursing emergency medicine

Gretchen Hackett, Jodi Brady, Robert P Olympia
Students presenting with syncope and/or seizure occur occasionally in the school setting. Several studies have shown that seizures as well as respiratory distress are the most common medical emergencies that prompt school nurses and staff to contact emergency medical services (EMS) to transport students to the closest emergency department (Knight 1999, Olympia 2005). It is important to develop a differential diagnosis for syncope, to initiate stabilization of the student with life-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow-up at their primary health care provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via EMS)...
March 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
Lisa Haushofer
In the nineteenth century, food and diet became central to a public health increasingly focused on individual behavior and on the cost of sickness. Because of its potential to impact the economic uptake of food inside individual bodies, digestion became a crucial site of physiological investigation in this context. Out of physiological research on digestion emerged a group of medicinal food products based on digestive enzymes (then referred to as digestive ferments), so-called artificially digested foods. The paper examines the creation and significance of these products, focusing on the case of Benger's Food...
February 24, 2018: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Louise Canty, Anthony Kearney
Emergency care settings in Ireland have struggled with a high volume of service users in recent years. This nationwide crisis led to the establishment of the National Emergency Medicine Programme Strategy in 2012, which identified two key performance indicators for efficiency in emergency care: the patient experience time, which should not exceed six hours from the time of registration to the time of discharge; and patients who do not wait for treatment (DNW) should make up less than 5% of those attending emergency care services...
March 9, 2018: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Christine Kessler
A new paradigm for disease diagnosis and treatment is emerging that will bring about changes in health care delivery in and out of the hospital setting. Over the past several decades, genomic medicine has been one of the fastest growing fields in acute and chronic health care. This quick growth has created a lag in genomics knowledge and preparation among nurses and health care providers. Genomic medicine may lead to more precise evaluation, diagnosis, and management of selected acute care conditions. This article reviews the current state of genetic and genomics science and looks at the expanding field of genomic medicine's integration into precision medicine...
2018: AACN Advanced Critical Care
Daniel A Waxman, Hemal K Kanzaria, David L Schriger
Importance: The Institute of Medicine described diagnostic error as the next frontier in patient safety and highlighted a critical need for better measurement tools. Objectives: To estimate the proportions of emergency department (ED) visits attributable to symptoms of imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, aortic dissection, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that end in discharge without diagnosis; to evaluate longitudinal trends; and to identify patient characteristics independently associated with missed diagnostic opportunities...
February 26, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
Zoe Edwards, Alison Blenkinsopp, Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett
Pain experienced by many patients with advanced cancer is often not well controlled and community pharmacists are potentially well placed to provide support. The study objective was to explore the views and experiences of patients with advanced cancer about community pharmacies, their services and attitudes towards having a community pharmacist pain medicines consultation. Purposive sampling of GP clinical information systems was used to recruit patients with advanced cancer, living in the community and receiving opioid analgesics in one area of England, UK between January 2015 and July 2016...
February 26, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Sofie Rahman Morgan, Nicole M Acquisto, Zlatan Coralic, Vicki Basalyga, Matthew Campbell, John J Kelly, Kevin Langkiet, Claire Pearson, Erick Sokn, Michael Phelan
The emergency department (ED) is a fast-paced, high-risk, and often overburdened work environment. Formal policy statements from several notable organizations, including the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), have recognized the importance of clinical pharmacists in the emergency medicine (EM) setting. EM clinical pharmacists work alongside emergency physicians and nurses at the bedside to optimize pharmacotherapy, improve patient safety, increase efficiency and cost-effectiveness of care, facilitate antibiotic stewardship, educate patients and clinicians, and contribute to scholarly efforts...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sharonne N Hayes, Esther S H Kim, Jacqueline Saw, David Adlam, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren, Katherine E Economy, Santhi K Ganesh, Rajiv Gulati, Mark E Lindsay, Jennifer H Mieres, Sahar Naderi, Svati Shah, David E Thaler, Marysia S Tweet, Malissa J Wood
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) has emerged as an important cause of acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, and sudden death, particularly among young women and individuals with few conventional atherosclerotic risk factors. Patient-initiated research has spurred increased awareness of SCAD, and improved diagnostic capabilities and findings from large case series have led to changes in approaches to initial and long-term management and increasing evidence that SCAD not only is more common than previously believed but also must be evaluated and treated differently from atherosclerotic myocardial infarction...
February 22, 2018: Circulation
Leah K Crockett, Carly Leggett, Janet A Curran, Lisa Knisley, Gwenyth Brockman, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling, Mona Jabbour, Terry P Klassen
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about this topic? Evidence-based pediatric emergency care is variably applied across general and pediatric emergency departments. What did this study ask? What are the information-seeking patterns of pediatric emergency medicine network members? What did this study find? There remains a need to share successful methods of local dissemination and implementation across the network, and to leverage local professional champions such as clinical nurse liaisons. Why does this study matter to clinicians? Tailoring knowledge mobilization efforts to end-user priorities is essential to ensure impact and spread of outreach efforts...
February 22, 2018: CJEM
Brian R Wood, Vanessa M McMahan, Kelly Naismith, Jonathan B Stockton, Lori A Delaney, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness and prescribing practices among Washington State medical providers from diverse professional disciplines and practice types. METHODS: In May 2016, we administered an anonymous online survey to licensed medical practitioners who provide primary, longitudinal, walk-in, emergency, obstetric, gynecologic, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or family planning care. RESULTS: Of 735 eligible providers, 64...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lee Benjamin, Karen Frush, Kathy Shaw, Joan E Shook, Sally K Snow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Julie R Brahmer, Christina Lacchetti, Bryan J Schneider, Michael B Atkins, Kelly J Brassil, Jeffrey M Caterino, Ian Chau, Marc S Ernstoff, Jennifer M Gardner, Pamela Ginex, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Jennifer Holter Chakrabarty, Natasha B Leighl, Jennifer S Mammen, David F McDermott, Aung Naing, Loretta J Nastoupil, Tanyanika Phillips, Laura D Porter, Igor Puzanov, Cristina A Reichner, Bianca D Santomasso, Carole Seigel, Alexander Spira, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Yinghong Wang, Jeffrey S Weber, Jedd D Wolchok, John A Thompson
Purpose To increase awareness, outline strategies, and offer guidance on the recommended management of immune-related adverse events in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICPi) therapy. Methods A multidisciplinary, multi-organizational panel of experts in medical oncology, dermatology, gastroenterology, rheumatology, pulmonology, endocrinology, urology, neurology, hematology, emergency medicine, nursing, trialist, and advocacy was convened to develop the clinical practice guideline. Guideline development involved a systematic review of the literature and an informal consensus process...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Javier Jacob, Emili Gené, Gilberto Alonso, Pere Rimbau, José Zorrilla, Francesc Casarramona, Cristina Netto, Pere Sánchez, Ricard Hernández, Xavier Escalada, Òscar Miró
OBJECTIVES: To study the perceptions of Catalan Society of Emergency Medicine (SoCMUE) members who staff hospital emergency departments regarding measures taken to cope with overcrowding, staff rest areas, and staff size. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional analysis of a survey sent to SoCMUE members. We compared opinions expressed by physicians and nurses in this survey and also compared them to opinions expressed by heads of departments in prior SUHCAT studies...
February 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
Rafael Cuervo Pinto, Sol Hernández López, Nerea Aguirre Juaristi, David Chaparro Pardo, Juan Jorge González Armengol, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To measure cervical spine movement during removal of a motorcycle helmet by health care professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational study using biomechanical inertial sensors to detect movement in the spinal column during removal of helmets. RESULTS: Thirty-four emergency medicine specialists and nurses participated. The mean (SD) rotation was 1.14° (0.82°) to the left and 3.30° (1.69°) to the right (P<.001). Mean flexion was 9...
February 2018: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqasem, Mudhaffar I Al Farras, Shaikha S Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim, Salah Alghanem
It has been more than a decade since emergency medicine became recognized as a specialty in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In the last fifteen years emergency medicine has widely established itself and developed rapidly in the Kingdom. The three main emergency departments are: Salmanyia Medical Complex (SMC), Royal Medical Services of Bahrain Defence Force (RMS-BDF) and King Hamad University Hospital (KHUH) are now fully equipped and operated by a majority of board certified emergency physicians.Standardized protocols, and the Central National Ambulance will be established in the near future, and the ambulances will offer both basic and advanced life support by trained nurses and paramedics...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Isabel A Barata, Joriane M Stadnyck, Meredith Akerman, Kate OʼNeill, Jill Castaneda, Anupama Subramony, Paula Fessler, Charles Schleien, John DʼAngelo
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A gap analysis of emergency departments' (EDs') pediatric readiness across a health system was performed after the appointment of a service line health system pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) quality director. METHODS: A 55-question survey was completed by each eligible ED to generate a weighted pediatric readiness score (WPRS). The survey included questions regarding volume, ED configuration, presence of a pediatric emergency care coordinator (PECC), quality initiatives, policies and procedures, and equipment...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Tommaso Martino, Alessandra Lalla, Elena Carapelle, Maria Teresa Di Claudio, Carlo Avolio, Giuseppe d'Orsi
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the knowledge of healthcare workers about first-aid measures to be performed during and after a tonic-clonic seizure. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four healthcare workers (86 physicians) working at 8 tertiary hospitals in the Apulia region, Italy, responded to a questionnaire comprising of 28 questions based on available Italian and international recommendations about what to do during a tonic-clonic seizure. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four healthcare workers completed and returned surveys with a response rate of 96...
February 2, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Linda Regan, Leslie Cope, Rodney Omron, Leah Bright, Jamil D Bayram
Introduction: Clinical Competency Committees (CCC) require reliable, objective data to inform decisions regarding assignment of milestone proficiency levels, which must be reported to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. After the development of two new assessment methods, the end-of-shift (EOS) assessment and the end-of-rotation (EOR) assessment, we sought to evaluate their performance. We report data on the concordance between these assessments, as well as how each informs the final proficiency level determined in biannual CCC meetings...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ryan M Surmaitis, Alexandra Amaducci, Kathryn Henry, Michael Jong, Emily A Kiernan, Hope Kincaid, Lindsay J Houck, Sandra J Sabbatini, Marna Rayl Greenberg, Kenneth D Katz
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the current attitudes, perceptions, and practices of emergency medicine providers and nurses (RNs) regarding the discharge of adult patients from the emergency department (ED) after administration of opioid analgesics. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered at 3 hospital sites with a combined annual ED census of >180,000 visits per year. All 59 attending emergency physicians (EPs), 233 RNs, and 23 advanced practice clinicians (APCs) who worked at these sites were eligible to participate...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Carey S Clark
BACKGROUND: Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is legal either medicinally or recreationally in 29 states and the District of Columbia, with a majority of the U.S. adult population now living in states where cannabis is legal for medicinal use. As an advocate for patient autonomy and informed choice, the oncology nurse has an ethical responsibility to educate patients about and support their use of cannabis for palliation. . OBJECTIVES: This article aims to discuss the human endocannabinoid system as a basis for better understanding the palliative and curative nature of cannabis as a medicine, as well as review cannabis delivery methods and the emerging role of the oncology nurse in this realm...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
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