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Intestinal perforation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786814/predictive-value-of-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-while-detecting-bowel-resection-in-hernia-with-intestinal-incarceration
#1
Hande Köksal, Derviş Ateş, Emet Ebru Nazik, İlknur Küçükosmanoğlu, Serap Melek Doğan, Osman Doğru
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative hematological inflammatory markers of the patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia and intestinal resection requirement. METHODS: The data of 102 patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia were retrospectively evaluated. Whole blood cell counts were preoperatively measured, and operation types and pathology results were recorded. The patients with intestinal resections were compared with those without any resection in terms of leukocyte number, neutrophil rate, red cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width, neutrophil-to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV)...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786046/effect-of-double-balloon-enteroscopy-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-small-bowel-diseases
#2
Li Tang, Liu-Ye Huang, Jun Cui, Cheng-Rong Wu
Background: The diagnosis and treatment of small-bowel diseases is clinically difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic value of double-balloon enteroscopy in small-bowel diseases. Methods: The history and outcomes of 2806 patients who underwent double-balloon enteroscopy from July 2004 to April 2017 were reviewed, which included 562 patients with obscure digestive tract bleeding, 457 patients with obscure diarrhea, 930 patients with obscure abdominal pain, 795 patients with obscure weight loss, and 62 patients with obscure intestinal obstruction...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784518/impact-of-blood-donor-sex-on-transfusion-related-outcomes-in-preterm-infants
#3
Thomas Murphy, Anju Chawla, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr
OBJECTIVE: Explore the role of red blood cell donor sex on preterm infant neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective, exploratory, cohort study, the hospital blood bank database was queried for units of blood released to neonatal intensive care unit patients in 2009-2010. The state blood center provided donor sex, and a department database provided neonatal characteristics and morbidities. Comparisons were made for 2 groups: those who ever received female blood and those who did not...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777456/distal-bowel-re-feeding-in-patients-with-proximal-jejunostomy
#4
Anand Nagar, Siddharth Mehrotra, Amitabh Yadav, Vivek Mangla, Shailendra Lalwani, Naimish Mehta, Samiran Nundy
BACKGROUND: Patients who have a proximal jejunostomy are difficult to manage because of their high stoma output which results in fluid and electrolyte imbalance with repeated hospital admissions and the necessity for expensive parenteral nutrition (PN). There are few reports on the use of re-feeding of the proximal effluents in this situation. METHODS: We here relate our experience with this manoeuvre in 35 patients between Jan 2010 and Feb 2016 who had stomas less than 120 cm away from the duodenojejunal flexure...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770706/intestinal-transplants-review-of-normal-imaging-appearance-and-complications
#5
Bashir Hakim, Daniel T Myers, Todd R Williams, Shunji Nagai, John Bonnett
Intestinal transplant (IT) is one of the least common forms of organ transplant but is increasing both in volume of cases and number of centers performing intestinal transplants, with the busiest centers in North America and Europe. IT can be performed in isolation or as part of a multivisceral transplant (MVT). Intestinal failure either in the form of short gut syndrome or functional bowel problems is the primary indication for IT. The normal post-surgical anatomy can be variable due to both recipient anatomy in regard to amount of residual bowel and status of native vasculature as well as whether the transplant is isolated or part of an multivisceral transplant...
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769190/pneumoperitoneum-in-a-neonate-weighing-less-than-500-g-what-do-we-really-know-about-it
#6
Audrienne Sammut, Miguel Soares Oliveira, Claire Jackson, Cristine Sortica da Costa
Pneumoperitoneum in preterm infants is a surgical emergency as it is usually indicative of intestinal perforation. Rare cases of idiopathic pneumoperitoneum have been described in the literature, the underlying causes and pathophysiology of which remain uncertain. We present a case of pneumoperitoneum in an extremely preterm infant with severe growth restriction. This occurred while she was receiving high frequency oscillatory ventilation. She had respiratory distress syndrome with pulmonary interstitial emphysema...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756105/non-operative-management-of-abdominal-gunshot-injuries-is-it-safe-in-all-cases
#7
Nidal İflazoğlu, Orhan Üreyen, Osman Zekai Öner, Ulvi Mehmet Meral, Murat Yülüklü
Objective: In line with advances in diagnostic methods and expectation of a decrease in the number of negative laparotomies, selective non-operative management of abdominal gunshot wounds has been increasingly used over the last three decades. We aim to detect the possibility of treatment without surgery and present our experience in selected cases referred from Syria to a hospital at the Turkish-Syrian border. Material and Methods: Between February 2012 and June 2014, patients admitted with abdominal gunshot wounds were analyzed...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755780/appendiceal-diverticulosis-a-harbinger-of-underlying-primary-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma
#8
Jia Lin Ng, Shing Lih Wong, Ronnie Mathew
Diagnosis of primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma (PAA) is hindered by its rarity and largely asymptomatic nature. Appendiceal diverticulosis (AD) is equally rare. We report an unusual case of PAA presenting with perforated appendiceal diverticulitis, and discuss a review of the literature about its association, and its surgical and pathological implications. A middle-aged man was admitted with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain and a corresponding tender abdominal mass for 5 days. Computerised tomography (CT) scan demonstrated a thickened appendix with 3 cm abscess at its base...
April 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751786/meconium-peritonitis-due-to-fetal-appendiceal-perforation-two-case-reports-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#9
Yi Wang, Yeming Wu, Wenbin Guan, Wenbo Yan, Yuhua Li, Jin Fang, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: Meconium peritonitis is an infrequent congenital disease usually caused by perforation of the fetal digestive tract. Meconium peritonitis resulting from intrauterine appendiceal perforation has been rarely reported and is often overlooked during pregnancy. We herein report two cases of fetal appendiceal perforation. CASE PRESENTATION: Two neonates were found to have intestinal distension and gradually increasing ascites antenatally. After birth, diagnostic abdominal punctures revealed meconium peritonitis...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749339/intestinal-perforation-after-regorafenib-usage
#10
Barış Sarıcı, Serdar Karakaş, Ufuk Uylas, Aydın Aktaş, Mustafa Dikilitaş, Cüneyt Kayaalp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747214/intestinal-perforation-due-to-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-during-pregnancy-case-report
#11
Márcia Mendonça Carneiro, Luciana Maria Pyramo Costa, Maria Das Graças Torres, Patrícia Salomé Gouvea, Ivete de Ávila
We report the case of a 33 year-old woman who complained of severe dysmenorrhea since menarche. From 2003 to 2009, she underwent 4 laparoscopies for the treatment of pain associated with endometriosis. After all four interventions, the pain recurred despite the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues and the insertion of a levonorgestrel intrauterine system (LNG-IUS). Finally, a colonoscopy performed in 2010 revealed rectosigmoid stenosis probably due to extrinsic compression. The patient was advised to get pregnant before treating the intestinal lesion...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740201/endoscopic-management-of-crohn-s-strictures
#12
REVIEW
Talat Bessissow, Jason Reinglas, Achuthan Aruljothy, Peter L Lakatos, Gert Van Assche
Symptomatic intestinal strictures develop in more than one third of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) within 10 years of disease onset. Strictures can be inflammatory, fibrotic or mixed and result in a significant decline in quality of life, frequently requiring surgery for palliation of symptoms. Patients under the age of 40 with perianal disease are more likely to suffer from disabling ileocolonic disease thus may have a greater risk for fibrostenotic strictures. Treatment options for fibrostenotic strictures are limited to endoscopic and surgical therapy...
May 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738388/tympanic-membrane-perforation-repair-using-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosal-grafting
#13
Robert J Yawn, Matthew M Dedmon, Brendan P O'Connell, Frank W Virgin, Alejandro Rivas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of porcine small intestinal submucosal grafts for tympanic membrane repair. PATIENTS: Adult and pediatric patients with tympanic membrane perforations with and without chronic otitits media, and perforations after removal of cholesteatoma. INTERVENTION: Endoscopic or microscopic tympanic membrane repair using porcine small intestinal submucosal grafts (Biodesign). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Perforation closure, bone and air pure-tone averages (PTA), air-bone gap (ABG), and word recognition scores (WRS) were recorded as outcome measures...
June 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732433/bowel-injury-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Ioannis Siasios, Kunal Vakharia, Asham Khan, Joshua E Meyers, Samantha Yavorek, John Pollina, Vassilios Dimopoulos
Although rarely documented in the medical literature, bowel perforation injury can be a severe complication of spine surgery. Our goal was to review current literature regarding this complication and study possible methods of avoidance. We conducted a literature search in the PubMed database between January 1960 and March 2016 using the terms abrasion, bowels, bowel, complication, injury, intestine, intra-abdominal sepsis/shock, perforation, lumbar, spine, surgery, visceral. Diagnostic criteria, outcomes, risk factors, surgical approach, and treatment strategy were the parameters extracted from the search results and used for review...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731834/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-postoperative-intestinal-perforation-in-infants-and-young-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-report-of-three-cases
#15
Yong-Hong Zhang, Zhen-Liang Chen, Lei Shi, Zhong-Jian Chen, Xiang-Yang Dong, Bo Zhai
The aim of the present study was to analyze risk factors of intestinal perforation following surgery for the treatment of congenital heart disease in infants and young children, and to summarize experiences of diagnosis and treatment. A total of 3,270 children, who underwent congenital heart disease surgery under extracorporeal circulation from January 2010 to July 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. Among these children, three (0.09%) developed postoperative intestinal perforation. Primary diseases were Tetralogy of Fallot (two cases) and ventricular septal defect combined with atrial septal defect (one case)...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730904/long-term-outcomes-of-endoscopic-balloon-dilation-for-benign-strictures-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Hye Won Lee, Soo Jung Park, Seong Ran Jeon, Byong Duk Ye, Jae Jun Park, Jae Hee Cheon, Tae Il Kim, Won Ho Kim
Background/Aims: Benign intestinal strictures are common complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study aimed to assess the long-term prognosis of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) to treat benign strictures in IBD patients. Methods: Patients with IBD who had benign strictures and who underwent EBD in four tertiary referral university hospitals between January 2004 and February 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Technical success was defined as the ability to pass the scope through the stricture after balloon dilation, and clinical success was defined as improved obstructive symptoms...
May 4, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730434/intestinal-perforation-due-to-crohn-s-ileitis-immunosuppression-related-lymphoma-and-meckel-s-diverticulum
#17
Chanakyaram A Reddy, Scott R Owens, D Kim Turgeon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725797/management-and-outcomes-following-surgery-for-gastrointestinal-typhoid-an-international-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal perforation is the most serious complication of typhoid fever, with a high disease burden in low-income countries. Reliable, prospective, contemporary surgical outcome data are scarce in these settings. This study aimed to investigate surgical outcomes following surgery for intestinal typhoid. METHODS: Two multicentre, international prospective cohort studies of consecutive patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal typhoid perforation were conducted...
May 3, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718225/clinical-use-of-patency-capsule-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ioannis V Mitselos, Konstantinos Katsanos, Epameinondas V Tsianos, Rami Eliakim, Dimitrios Christodoulou
The patency capsule is a radiopaque, dissolvable diagnostic tool, similar in shape and size to small bowel capsule endoscopes. It was developed to offer a simple, safe, efficient, and accurate evaluation of small bowel functional patency. Although unable to provide direct visual information regarding the presence and location of strictures, masses, or luminal narrowing of the small bowel, a successful patency test minimizes the risk of retention and allows the safe administration of a capsule endoscope. However, its use entails a low risk of potentially harmful adverse events, which in their majority are indolent and resolve spontaneously...
April 28, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707608/intestinal-perforation-after-surgical-treatment-for-incisional-hernia-iatrogenic-or-idiopathic
#20
V Amorosi, B Longo, M Sorotos, G Firmani, F D'Angelo, F Santanelli di Pompeo
Intestinal perforation (IP) is a life-threatening gastroenterological condition requiring urgent surgical care, which may present itself as an uncommon complication following incisional hernia repair surgery, most often because of iatrogenic traumatism occurring during the procedure. However, we report a case where a spontaneous onset can be hypothesised. A 60-years-old patient underwent repair of an abdominal laparocele, through rectus abdominis muscle plasty, 5 years after development of an incisional hernia due to exploratory laparotomy for the treatment of acute appendicitis...
2018: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
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