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Small bowel obstructions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647046/assessment-of-emergency-general-surgery-care-based-on-formally-developed-quality-indicators
#1
Angela Ingraham, Avery Nathens, Andrew Peitzman, Allison Bode, Gina Dorlac, Warren Dorlac, Preston Miller, Mahsa Sadeghi, Deena D Wasserman, Karl Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery outcomes vary widely across the United States. The utilization of quality indicators can reduce variation and assist providers in administering care aligned with established recommendations. Previous quality indicators have not focused on emergency general surgery patients. We identified indicators of high-quality emergency general surgery care and assessed patient- and hospital-level compliance with these indicators. METHODS: We utilized a modified Delphi technique (RAND Appropriateness Methodology) to develop quality indicators...
June 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643886/ileocolic-intussusception-from-an-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-a-rare-cause-of-adult-small-bowel-obstruction
#2
Sabrina Mader, Joseph Ting, Hajir Nabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638589/gastrocolic-fistula-presented-as-an-early-complication-of-gastric-surgery-in-a-42-year-old-man
#3
Mohammad Javad Zahedi, Sara Shafiei Pour, Masood Dehghani, Nazanin Eslami
Currently, surgery is less needed for the treatment of refractory peptic ulcer disease (PUD) or its complications. So, the complications of PUD surgery have been clearly declined. Here in, we present a 42-year-old man with chronic watery diarrhea and significant weight loss during 2 years after gastrojejunostomy for the treatment of obstructive PUD. Small bowel gastrointestinal series showed rapid transit without passage of contrast in the parts of small bowel. The patient was scheduled for exploratory laparotomy...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638015/-microelemental-homeostasis-correction-of-and-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-acute-intestinal-obstruction
#4
V D Scripko, A L Kovalenko, V A Zaplutonov
AIM: To improve the results of treatment of patients with acute small bowel obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research is based on the results of a comprehensive survey 202 people with acute small bowel obstruction. Reamberin was used in 102 patients treatment. RESULTS: It was established that metalloenzymes take an active part in the formation of endotoxemia in people with acute small bowel obstruction. Also, in patients as a result of an imbalance between oxidant and antioxidant systems, accumulated a significant amount of lipid peroxidation products, along with it a decrease activity of enzymes of antioxidant system...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638005/sclerosing-mesenteritis-causing-chylous-ascites-and-small-bowel-perforation
#5
Huei-Wen Lim, Keith S Sultan
BACKGROUND Sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) is a rare idiopathic inflammation and fibrosis of the mesentery. Its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. It has been linked to abdominal trauma related to peritoneal dialysis, recent abdominal surgery, idiopathic inflammatory disorder, paraneoplastic syndrome, ischemia/infection, and autoimmunity. Abdominal CT is the most sensitive imaging modality, and diagnosis is usually confirmed by surgical biopsy. Patients most often present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and weight loss, and less commonly with chylous ascites and small bowel obstruction...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636471/laparoscopic-colectomy-in-a-district-hospital-the-single-surgeon-can-be-safe
#6
A A Aikoye, A Khushal, C Parkin, T Bates
BACKGROUND: Several outcome measures have been identified for colorectal surgery and published in the literature. This study sought to compare outcomes of high volume laparoscopic colectomy by a single surgeon in a district hospital with outcomes from tertiary referral centres. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of elective laparoscopic colectomy by a single laparoscopic general surgeon in a district hospital over a 51-month period using a prospectively maintained database...
February 7, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633127/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-phytobezoar-a-case-report
#7
Ippazio Ugenti, Elisabetta Travaglio, Elpiniki Lagouvardou, Onofrio Caputi Iambrenghi, Gennaro Martines
INTRODUCTION: Gastric bezoars are a rare condition associated with situations of gastric dysmotility and prior gastric surgery, though sometimes they can present without any risk factor. We describe the first successful treatment in medical literature of a large gastric bezoar in the outpatient setting through endoscopic fragmentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old man was referred to our outpatient endoscopy clinic because of dyspepsia and epigastric pain. Upper GI endoscopy with a standard endoscope revealed a 10-cm-diameter gastric phytobezoar with necrotic pressure ulcer of the angulus...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631871/efficacy-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastro-jejunostomy-peg-j-decompression-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-cipo
#8
H Ohkubo, A Fuyuki, J Arimoto, T Higurashi, T Nonaka, Y Inoh, H Iida, M Inamori, T Kaneda, A Nakajima
BACKGROUNDS: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is an intractable rare digestive disease manifesting persistent small bowel distension without any mechanical cause. Intestinal decompression is a key treatment, but conventional method including a trans-nasal small intestinal tube is invasive and painful. Therefore, a less invasive and tolerable new decompression method is urgently desired. We conducted a pilot study and assessed the efficacy and safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastro-jejunostomy (PEG-J) decompression therapy in CIPO patients...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624050/impact-of-hospital-volume-on-outcomes-for-laparoscopic-adhesiolysis-for-small-bowel-obstruction
#9
Raymond A Jean, Kathleen M O'Neill, Kevin Y Pei, Kimberly A Davis
BACKGROUND: Volume-to-outcome data have been studied in several complex surgical procedures, demonstrating improved outcomes at higher volume centers. Laparoscopic lysis of adhesions (LLOA) for small bowel obstruction (SBO) may result in better outcomes, but there is no information on the learning curve for this potentially complex case. This study evaluates the effect of institutional procedural volume on length of stay (LOS), outcomes, and costs in LLOA for SBOs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample data set between 2000 and 2013 was queried for discharges for a diagnosis of SBO involving LLOA in adult patients...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621187/-gastrointestinal-lipomas-report-of-three-cases-and-a-short-review-of-the-literature
#10
Gergely Vertse, Tibor Vagács, András Iványi, Márton Szeleczky
Lipoma in the alimentary tract is a rare entity, it can usually be found in the subcutaneous tissue. Generally, lipomas are asymptomatic. Gastrointestinal lipoma must be removed only in case of bleeding or obstruction. We report 3 successfully operated cases of gastrointestinal lipomas: one duodenal (a 4 cm in diameter lipoma was enucleated from the bulb), one in the small bowel (ileal lipoma causing intususception; due to the unusual masroscopical appearance, segmental resection was performed), and one in the large bowel (colonic lipoma located at 47 cm from the anus, causing intermittent obstruction was remowed by colotomy)...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619737/acute-massive-gastric-dilatation-causing-ischaemic-necrosis-and-perforation-of-the-stomach
#11
Maitham A Moslim, Jay Mittal, Gavin A Falk, Jeffrey S Ustin, Gareth Morris-Stiff
Acute massive gastric dilatation (AMGD) is a rare distinctive condition but associates with high morbidity and mortality. Though usually seen in patients with eating disorders, many aetiologies of AMGD have been described. The distension has been reported to cause gastric necrosis with or without perforation, usually within 1-2 days of an inciting event of AMGD.We report the case of a 58-year-old male who presented with gastric perforation associated with AMGD 11 days after surgical relief of a proximal small bowel obstruction...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616722/duhamel-operation-for-children-with-distal-colonic-dysmotility
#12
Yew-Wei Tan, Osvaldo Borrelli, Keith Lindley, Nikhil Thapar, Joe Curry
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of children with constipation refractory to medical management and manometrically proven distal colonic dysmotility, managed with rectosigmoidectomy followed by Duhamel operation (Duhamel). METHODS: Children who underwent a Duhamel from 2009 onwards for intractable constipation and left colonic dysmotility were retrospectively reviewed. The primary end point was resolution of constipation, and secondary end point was postoperative complications...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614173/safety-and-indications-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-a-single-center-study-of-121-patients
#13
Takatoshi Nakamura, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Atsuko Tsutsui, Munehisa Kaneda, Takeo Sato, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of small-bowel obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 121 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for small-bowel obstruction. RESULTS: Previous operations were open surgery in 107 patients and laparoscopic surgery in 14. On univariate analysis, 4 risk factors were related to conversion to open surgery: radiotherapy (P=0...
June 13, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609811/successful-management-of-unresectable-small-bowel-lymphoma-with-laparoscopy-assisted-surgical-exclusion-of-the-affected-intestine
#14
Tetsuya Kagawa, Tatsunori Kobayashi, Satoshi Ueyama, Hiroki Okabayashi, Tetsuya Ogino, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
The incidence of small bowel lymphoma (SBL) is increasing worldwide. In contrast to resectable SBL, the treatment of unresectable SBL is still contentious. Here, we report a case of unresectable SBL that was treated by laparoscopic exclusion of the affected intestine before systemic chemotherapy was administered. An 84-year-old man was diagnosed with primary SBL involving extranodal dissemination. The patient received prophylactic surgery, namely exclusion of the affected intestine. This therapy diminishes well-known and life-threatening complications, such as perforation, bleeding, and obstruction, which may still occur after chemotherapy, and it makes the administration of chemotherapy safer...
June 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602525/factors-related-to-long-term-surgical-morbidity-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-survivors
#15
Stan Janssen, Kim Heiwegen, Iris Alm van Rooij, Horst Scharbatke, Jolt Roukema, Ivo de Blaauw, Sanne Mbi Botden
BACKGROUND: Patients born with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have a high mortality and morbidity. After discharge, complications and long-term morbidity are still encountered. This study describes the factors related to the surgical long-term outcomes in CDH survivors. METHODS: A cohort of CDH patients born between 2000 and 2014, with a minimum of two years follow up, were included in this retrospective study. Demographics, CDH specific characteristics, treatment, and long-term surgical outcome were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analyses...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602223/is-enhanced-recovery-enough-for-reducing-30-d-readmissions-after-surgery
#16
Anne C Fabrizio, Michael C Grant, Zishan Siddiqui, Yewande Alimi, Susan L Gearhart, Christopher Wu, Jonathan E Efron, Elizabeth C Wick
BACKGROUND: Few enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) include processes related to the hospital to home transfer. Little has been reported regarding readmissions in enhanced recovery programs. This study evaluates readmissions and identifies areas to optimize ERPs to prevent readmissions. METHODS: We conducted an observational, retrospective study at a single tertiary care center. Patients in an ERP for colorectal surgery were compared with a similar cohort who underwent surgery before protocol implementation...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593412/does-laparoscopic-adhesiolysis-decrease-the-risk-of-recurrent-symptoms-in-small-bowel-obstruction-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Siyuan Yao, Eiji Tanaka, Yugo Matsui, Atsushi Ikeda, Teppei Murakami, Tatsuo Okumoto, Takehisa Harada
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of laparoscopic adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction have generally been satisfactory over the short term. However, the long-term outcomes, including recurrence of symptoms and management of recurrence, remain controversial. This study compares the long-term outcomes of a series of laparoscopic and open surgery procedures for the treatment of small bowel obstruction. METHODS: Patients who underwent adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction at our institution between 2008 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589045/recurrent-enterolithiasis-small-bowel-obstruction-a-case-seldom-described
#18
Ashish Lal Shrestha, Pradita Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Enterolithiasis of the small bowel is a rare phenomenon in humans although it has been frequently described in equines. Primary enteroliths have been described including those occurring secondary to conditions like Crohn's disease, small bowel diverticula, tuberculous or postoperative strictures, and blind loops but those occurring in an otherwise normal gut are exceedingly rare. Of even greater rarity is a recurrent small bowel enterolith presenting with obstruction. This may be the first report of such kind...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588169/outcome-of-surgical-drainage-of-the-pancreatic-duct-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#19
S R Islam, S Rahman, S Rahman, H Kumar, S A Sarkar
Abdominal pain, one of the major symptoms of chronic pancreatitis, is believed to be caused by obstruction of the pancreatic duct system by stones or strictures. This results in increased intraductal pressure and parenchymal ischemia. Surgical decompression of the duct and ductal drainage can achieve best pain relieve and slow the progression of the disease. We want to share our experience of surgical drainage of pancreatic duct in chronic pancreatitis in our hospital. We studied 20 cases operated in our hospital between January 2010 and October 2015...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584681/abdominal-pseudocyst-as-a-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-review-of-the-literature-and-a-proposed-algorithm-for-treatment-using-4-illustrative-cases
#20
Samir Kashyap, Hammad Ghanchi, Tanya Minasian, Fanglong Dong, Dan Miulli
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is one of the most commonly performed procedures in neurosurgery. One rare complication is the formation of an abdominal pseudocyst, which can cause shunt malfunction. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: We present four unique cases of abdominal pseudocyst formation. Our first patient initially presented with a right upper quadrant pseudocyst. Shunt was externalized and the distal end was revised with placement of catheter on the opposite side...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
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