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Small bowel obstructions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721331/role-of-laparoscopy-in-the-management-of-acute-surgical-abdomen-secondary-to-phytobezoars
#1
Abu Baker Sheikh, Aisha Akhtar, Adeel Nasrullah, Shujaul Haq, Haider Ghazanfar
A bezoar is a collection of indigestible material found in the alimentary canal, which can cause mechanical obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract. Phytobezoar is a variant composed of mostly plant material and indigestible fiber. Phytobezoar is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction (SBO) and happens more commonly in patients with risk factors predisposing to impaired gastrointestinal motility. We present a rare case of SBO secondary to phytobezoar in a 60-year-old female patient with type 2 diabetes...
June 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721191/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-mesenteric-abscess-caused-by-mycobacterium-avium-complex-in-an-hiv-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
S M Mohar, Saqib Saeed, Alexius Ramcharan, Hector Depaz
Small bowel obstruction in HIV patients is reportedly caused by inflammatory pseudotumor, Kaposi's sarcoma, cryptococcal lymphadenopathy and intestinal tuberculosis. The incidence of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection in HIV patients is 3% for CD4 cell count of 100-199 /mm(3). MAC causing small bowel obstruction is rarely reported in the literature. We report a rare case of MAC causing mesenteric abscess with small bowel obstruction in a HIV patient with a CD4 cell count of 144 /mm(3). Patient was a 35-year-old HIV-positive male on highly active antiretroviral therapy who presented with partial small bowel obstruction secondary to mesenteric abscess...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712196/small-gut-volvulus-a-rare-twist-in-the-setting-of-an-even-rarer-entity-multiple-giant-jejuno-ileal-diverticula
#3
Ayesha Khan, Faheem Khan, Kashif Rafique, Sarwar Khan, Anam Majid, Khalid Khan, Asad Ullah
Small gut volvulus with multiple Jejuno-ileal diverticulosis is an unusual pathology of the small intestine with a scarce number of cases reported so far. It usually goes unnoticed because it is often asymptomatic but complications like diverticulitis, perforation, bleeding or intestinal obstruction can occur in 10-30% of the cases. Mechanical obstruction, if it occurs, can be caused by adhesions or stenosis due to diverticulitis, intussusception at the site of the diverticulum and volvulus of the segment containing the diverticula...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711168/surgical-treatment-of-intestinal-complications-of-graft-versus-host-disease-in-the-pediatric-population-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#4
REVIEW
Camille A Gutierrez, Mehul V Raval, Hannah R Vester, Sonali Chaudhury, Daniel von Allmen, David H Rothstein
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Intestinal complications of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) include hemorrhage and perforation in the short-term, and stricture with bowel obstruction in the long-term. As medical management of severe aGVHD has improved, more patients are surviving even advanced stages of intestinal aGVHD. This review summarizes the available pediatric literature on surgical treatment of complications of intestinal GVHD. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, and Scopus databases...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700968/retrocecal-hernia-preoperatively-diagnosed-by-computed-tomography-a-case-report
#5
Shingo Ito, Ryohei Takeda, Ritsuo Kokubo, Yoshio Sakai, Hirokazu Matsuzawa, Kiichi Sugimoto, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Michitoshi Goto, Yuichi Tomiki, Kazuhiro Sakamoto
INTRODUCTION: Retrocecal hernia is a rare type of pericecal hernia. Because it is difficult to diagnose preoperatively, it is often treated with emergency operation. CASE PRESENTATION: An 83-year-old male patient experienced sudden abdominal pain. Marked small bowel dilatation and intestinal obstruction were detected by abdominal computed tomography (CT). An enhanced CT scan also revealed a trapped cluster of small bowel loops behind the cecum and ascending colon...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693151/application-of-small-intestine-decompression-combined-with-oral-feeding-in-middle-and-late-period-of-malignant-small-bowel-obstruction
#6
Dechun Li, Hongtao Du, Guoqing Shao, Yongtuan Guo, Wan Lu, Ruihong Li
The application value of small intestine decompression combined with oral feeding in the middle and late period of malignant small bowel obstruction was examined. A total of 22 patients with advanced malignant small bowel obstruction were included in the present study. An ileus tube was inserted via the nose under fluoroscopy into the obstructed small intestine of each patient. At the same time, the insertion depth the of the catheter was adjusted. When the catheter was blocked, small bowel selective angiography was performed to determine the location and cause of the obstruction and the extent of the obstruction, and to determine the length of the small intestine in the site of obstruction, and to select the variety and tolerance of enteral nutrition...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689230/the-extended-transnasal-transsphenoidal-approach-for-anterior-skull-base-meningioma-considerations-in-patient-selection
#7
Joseph P Castlen, David J Cote, Hasan A Zaidi, Edward R Laws
PURPOSE: In this study, we set out to define our institutional criteria for patient eligibility for transsphenoidal resection of parasellar meningiomas, and to report our experience with extended transnasal approaches for these lesions. We aimed to discuss the important considerations of patient selection and risk stratification to optimize outcomes for patients with these difficult lesions, and also include considerations that should be reviewed during surgical approach selection. METHODS: Medical records from Brigham and Women's Hospital were retrospectively reviewed for all patients who underwent transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary disease with the senior author from April 2008 to March 2017 (938 procedures)...
July 8, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688775/peritoneal-encapsulation%C3%A2-%C3%A2-an-unexpected-cause-of-acute-intestinal-obstruction
#8
P K Arumugam, A K Dalal
Peritoneal encapsulation (PE) is a rare congenital anomaly that is formed due to an accessory peritoneal layer encapsulating the small bowel. Kinking of bowel within the accessory peritoneal layer or adhesions between the bowel loops and the peritoneal layer causes symptoms ranging from colicky abdominal pain to rarely intestinal obstruction. Cleland was the first person to have reported this condition as early as 1868 and since then only around 30 cases have been reported. Here, we present a case of acute intestinal obstruction in a 22-year-old woman...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688516/pancreas-transplantation-advantages-of-a-retroperitoneal-graft-position
#9
Joana Ferrer, Víctor Molina, Ramón Rull, Miguel Ángel López-Boado, Santiago Sánchez, Rocío García, Ma José Ricart, Pedro Ventura-Aguiar, Ángeles García-Criado, Enric Esmatjes, Josep Fuster, Juan Carlos Garcia-Valdecasas
INTRODUCTION: In the 50 years since the first pancreas transplant performed at the University of Minnesota, the surgical techniques employed have undergone many modifications. Techniques such as retroperitoneal graft placement have further improved the ability to reproduce the physiology of the «native» pancreas. We herein present our experience of a modified technique for pancreatic transplant, with the organ placed into a fully retroperitoneal position with systemic venous and enteric drainage of the graft by duodeno-duodenostomy...
July 5, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686923/rare-case-of-incarcerated-obturator-hernia-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
N C Sá, V C M Silva, P R L Carreiro, A S Matos Filho, I A Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Obturator hernia is a rare condition accounting for less than 1% of all intra abdominal hernias. Clinical diagnosis is considered a challenge for most surgeons. It usually appears as an intestinal obstruction. Confirmation of diagnosis is carried out by means of imaging or during surgery. CASE REPORT: An 85-year-old female patient, with symptoms of intestinal obstruction of 24h duration was admitted to the emergency room of Unimed Hospital - Belo Horizonte...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685139/ileocolic-intussusception-caused-by-a-lipoma-in-an-adult
#11
Dong Eun Lee, Jae Young Choe
Intussusception is rarely observed in adults. Adult cases account for only 5% of all cases of intussusceptions and almost 1%-5% of bowel obstruction cases. The etiology, presentation and management of intussusception in adults are different from those in children. The clinical presentation in adults often includes nonspecific signs and symptoms, thereby complicating differential diagnosis from other causes of abdominal pain. We report a 29-year-old Asian woman who visited our emergency department with complaints of fever associated with epigastric pain since one day...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685016/incarcerated-congenital-transmesenteric-hernia-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#12
Sam Alhayo, Preet Gosal, Anthony Shakeshaft
Transmesenteric hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction and strangulation. It can be due to iatrogenic injury, trauma, inflammatory and less likely congenital. We present a case of true congenital transmesenteric hernia in a 26-year-old male with no previous surgical history or trauma. The patient presented acutely with no prior symptoms. Investigations provided limited information towards the diagnosis of the hernia, but suggestive of mid-gut volvulus. Emergency laparotomy was performed to find >75% of small bowel herniating through a proximal jejunal mesenteric defect leading to incarceration and early strangulation...
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684645/idiopathic-abdominal-cocoon-a-rare-presentation-of-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-virgin-abdomen-how-much-do-we-know
#13
Marwa Al-Azzawi, Rashid Al-Alawi
Abdominal cocoon is an extremely rare condition that has been mainly associated with young adolescent women. It was first described in 1978 by Foo et al We present here a case that describes an otherwise healthy adult man who presented with intestinal obstruction and was found to have an abdominal cocoon, also known as a peritoneal sac. The patient was taken for a laparotomy and the sac was released through blunt dissection along the avascular planes. He was discharged in good condition 3 days postoperatively...
July 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681372/two-cases-of-laparoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-intersigmoid-hernia
#14
Hajime Kayano, Eiji Nomura, Toru Kuramoto, Kentaro Yatabe, Hisamichi Yoshii, Daiki Yokoyama, Takashi Machida, Shuji Uda, Takuya Koike, Hideki Izumi, Sayuri Hasegawa, Masaya Mukai, Hiroyasu Makuuchi
We present two cases of intestinal obstruction due to intersigmoid hernia that were diagnosed and treated laparoscopically. The first case was a 42-year-old woman with no surgical history. She was treated conservatively with the insertion of an ileus tube. Although the intestinal obstruction improved temporarily, since it subsequently worsened, laparoscopic surgery was performed, which revealed incarceration of the ileum in the intersigmoid fossa. Although there were no signs of necrosis after intestinal release, partial resection of the small bowel was performed before the hernial orifice was closed due to the evidence of serous damage...
July 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676957/health-related-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-surgery-with-or-without-closure-of-the-mesenteric-defects-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-data-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Erik Stenberg, Eva Szabo, Johan Ottosson, Anders Thorell, Ingmar Näslund
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric defect closure in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery has been reported to reduce the risk for small bowel obstruction. Little is known, however, about the effect of mesenteric defect closure on patient-reported outcome. The aim of the present study was to see if mesenteric defect closure affects health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) after laparoscopic gastric bypass. METHODS: Patients operated at 12 centers for bariatric surgery participated in this randomized two-arm parallel study...
July 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664656/combined-laparoscopic-resection-of-intestinal-stenosis-of-garr%C3%A3-and-open-preperitoneal-mesh-repair-for-irreducible-femoral-hernia
#16
Nobutoshi Soeta, Takuro Saito, Mitsunori Higuchi, Tetsutaro Nemoto, Hazime Matsuida, Ikuro Oshibe
Intestinal stenosis of Garré is a rare condition caused by a benign fibrous bowel stricture due to complicated strangulated hernia. We present a case of intestinal stenosis of Garré associated with right femoral hernia in an 85-year-old woman. The patient visited our hospital with a 2-day history of vomiting. Her abdomen was slightly distended. A mass was palpated in the right groin region. CT showed prolapse of the small intestine in the right groin region. An incarcerated right femoral hernia was diagnosed and manually reduced...
June 30, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661313/acute-appendicitis-after-kidney-transplantation-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-mexico-city
#17
Edgar Ortiz-Brizuela, Alejandro Quiroz-Compeán, Mario Vilatobá-Chapa, Josefina Alberú-Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Here, we describe the presentation, treatment, and outcomes of acute appendicitis in kidney transplant recipients at a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series study at a tertiary care hospital in Mexico City from January 2000 to January 2015. RESULTS: During our study period, 1186 patients received a kidney transplant; among these patients, we identified 10 cases of acute appendicitis (0...
June 28, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657949/laparoscopic-surgery-for-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-bowel-injury-a-population-based-analysis-of-8584-patients
#18
Ramy Behman, Avery B Nathens, James P Byrne, Stephanie Mason, Nicole Look Hong, Paul J Karanicolas
OBJECTIVE: We set out to compare the incidence of bowel repair and/or resection in a large cohort of patients with adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) managed operatively. BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic lysis of adhesions for adhesive SBO (aSBO) is becoming more common, yet might increase the risk of bowel injury given the distended and/or potentially compromised small bowel. METHODS: We used administrative discharge data derived from a large geographic region, identifying patients who underwent surgery for their first episode of aSBO during 2005 to 2014...
June 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656114/a-mass-of-pancreatic-and-gastric-heterotopia-causing-a-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-61-year-old-male
#19
Majd Alfrejat, Bassem Khalil, Jordan Jackobs, William Anderson, Jennifer Eschbacher
Heterotopic tissue is a congenital anomaly that has been previously reported. Gastric and pancreatic heterotopia are among the most studied ones. Herein, we describe a case of a combined pancreatic and gastric heterotopia that formed a mass and caused a small intestine obstruction in a 61-year-old male. We also did a brief literature review of cases with gastric and pancreatic heterotopia in adult patients.
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655944/importance-of-second-look-endoscopy-on-an-empty-stomach-for-finding-gastric-bezoars-in-patients-with-gastric-ulcers
#20
Masaya Iwamuro, Shouichi Tanaka, Yuki Moritou, Tomoki Inaba, Reiji Higashi, Chiaki Kusumoto, Naoko Yunoki, Shin Ishikawa, Yuko Okamoto, Yoshinari Kawai, Ken-Ichi Kitada, Ryuta Takenaka, Tatsuya Toyokawa, Hiroyuki Okada
 Most gastric bezoars can be treated with endoscopic fragmentation combined with or without cola dissolution, whereas laparotomy or laparoscopic surgery is generally inevitable for small intestinal bezoars because they cause small bowel obstruction. Therefore, early diagnosis and management of gastric bezoars are necessary to prevent bezoar-induced ileus. To investigate the incidence of overlooked gastric bezoars during the initial esophagogastroduodenoscopy, we retrospectively reviewed the cases of 27 patients diagnosed with gastrointestinal bezoars...
June 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
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