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Enterocutaneous fistula

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913762/aspen-felanpe-clinical-guidelines-nutrition-support-of-adult-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#1
Vanessa J Kumpf, Jose Eduardo de Aguilar-Nascimento, Jose Ignacio Diaz-Pizarro Graf, Amber M Hall, Liam McKeever, Ezra Steiger, Marion F Winkler, Charlene W Compher
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires an interdisciplinary approach and poses a significant challenge to physicians, wound/stoma care specialists, dietitians, pharmacists, and other nutrition clinicians. Guidelines for optimizing nutrition status in these patients are often vague, based on limited and dated clinical studies, and typically rely on individual institutional or clinician experience. Specific nutrient requirements, appropriate route of feeding, role of immune-enhancing formulas, and use of somatostatin analogues in the management of patients with ECF are not well defined...
December 2, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905290/postoperative-wound-myiasis-caused-by-sarcophaga-carnaria
#2
Sefa Ergün, Ozan Akıncı, Serhat Sirekbasan, Ahmet Kocael
Myiasis is a parasitic infection caused by dipteran larvae settling in living tissue and organs. Infestation is generally found in tropical and rural areas, where interaction with animals is common. It is diagnosed based on the evidence of the existence of dipteran larvae in tissues and organs. When planning the treatment, identifying the type of larvae is as important as identifying the infected organ or system. In this case report, we present the case of a female who had a biliary tract injury caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy and who developed a postoperative enterocutaneous fistula and myiasis caused by third-stage Sarcophaga sp...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893673/risk-factor-and-outcome-for-intra-abdominal-bleeding-in-patients-with-enterocutaneous-fistula
#3
Lei Wu, Jianan Ren, Qinjie Liu, Gefei Wang, Xiuwen Wu, Guosheng Gu, Guanwei Li, Kun Guo, Zhiwu Hong, Qiongyuan Hu, Huajian Ren, Jieshou Li
Intra-abdominal bleeding is a major and lethal complication in patients with enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) while few studies are involved in this aspect. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the risk factors and assessed the outcome for intra-abdominal bleeding in patients with ECF.A retrospective study was performed from October 2013 to October 2015. Medical records of 67 ECF patients with intra-abdominal bleeding and 134 ECF patients without intra-abdominal bleeding matched as controls were reviewed and analyzed...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891266/a-silent-and-chronic-complication-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-small-bowel-enterocutaneous-fistula
#4
Sai Wah Cheung
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has gradually gained the popularity since its invention and become the most preferred method for gastrostomy insertion in recent years. PEG is associated with lower morbidity and mortality and has the advantages of being minimally invasive and more convenient over the conventional open gastrostomy. However, significant rates of major complication still occur. Enterocutaneous fistula is one of the key complications that can be easily neglected due to its asymptomatic nature...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873747/atypical-presentation-of-appendicitis
#5
Oliver Beaumont, Robert Miller, Richard Guy
A woman aged 64 years presented as an emergency with a mass in the right iliac fossa, clinically within the abdominal wall, but an otherwise soft abdomen. Systemically, she was quite well with normal vital signs. Blood tests revealed raised inflammatory markers, and an abdominal CT scan demonstrated a perforated appendix with associated large subcutaneous abscess. This represents a rare presentation of a common condition, demonstrating how appendicitis can still be a challenging problem for the clinician...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867755/nutritional-aspects-of-gastrointestinal-wound-healing
#6
REVIEW
Kaushik Mukherjee, Sandra L Kavalukas, Adrian Barbul
Significance: Although the wound healing cascade is similar in many tissues, in the gastrointestinal tract mucosal healing is critical for processes such as inflammatory bowel disease and ulcers and healing of the mucosa, submucosa, and serosal layers is needed for surgical anastomoses and for enterocutaneous fistula. Failure of wound healing can result in complications including infection, prolonged hospitalization, critical illness, organ failure, readmission, new or worsening enterocutaneous fistula, and even death...
November 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851638/2004-severe-metabolic-alkalosis-secondary-to-enterocutaneous-duodenal-fistula
#7
Stephanie Cull, Thomas Heitker, Zafar Akram Jamkhana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847669/novel-approach-for-enterocutaneous-fistula-treatment-with-the-use-of-viable-cryopreserved-placental-membrane
#8
Frederick Nichols, Aaron Overly
Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) are a difficult and costly surgical complication to manage. The standard treatment of nil per os (NPO) and total paraenteral nutrition (TPN) is not well tolerated by patients. TPN is also known for complications associated with long term central venous catheterization and for high cost of prolonged hospital stay. We present two low output ECF cases successfully treated with viable cryopreserved placental membrane (vCPM) placed into the fistula tracts. One patient is a 59-year-old male with a low output ECF from a jejunostomy tube site four weeks after the surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790873/preperitoneal-onlay-mesh-repair-for-ventral-abdominal-wall-and-incisional-hernia-a-novel-technique
#9
Pc George Yang, Lm Karen Tung
INTRODUCTION: Intraperitoneal onlay mesh repair is a current technique for laparoscopic repair of ventral and incisional hernias. However, the placement of synthetic mesh intraperitoneally may potentially lead to mesh-induced complications such as adhesive intestinal obstruction, enterocutaneous fistula, or even mesh erosion into organs. Inspired by the concept of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, we developed a novel technique: preperitoneal onlay mesh repair (PPOM). This involves placing the mesh in the preperitoneal plane to help eliminate mesh-induced complications...
November 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765267/redo-pull-through-surgery-in-hirschsprung-s-disease-short-term-clinical-outcome
#10
Ajm Dingemans, Hjj van der Steeg, R Rassouli-Kirchmeier, M W Linssen, Ialm van Rooij, I de Blaauw
INTRODUCTION: Although surgery is effective in most patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD), some have persistent obstructive symptoms. Additional medical treatment is generally sufficient, but a small fraction of these patients needs secondary surgery. Series on redo surgery are scarce. Aim of this study is to evaluate complications and clinical outcome of patients in need of redo surgery for HD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients underwent redo endorectal pull-through surgery in our center between 2007 and 2015...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681810/thoracoabdominal-necrotising-soft-tissue-infection-secondary-to-enterocutaneous-fistulae-a-case-report
#11
R L Lassiter, E L Simmerman, J Sol Oh, C J Mentzer, N E Burkart, S B Holsten
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising soft tissue infection is a rare surgical emergency, which requires immediate and aggressive surgical debridement. Following control of the infection, patients are often left with large defects, with wound reconstruction and closure creating significant challenges. Here we describe a case of extensive thoracoabdominal necrotising soft tissue infection and provide a discussion on the standard of care and treatment based on a current literature review. METHOD: A 53-year-old female presented with bilious and feculent discharge from her surgical incision two weeks after a total abdominal hysterectomy...
October 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678383/the-abdominal-reapproximation-anchor-device-a-single-australian-tertiary-hospital-experience
#12
Alfin Okullo, Mehan Siriwardhane, Tony C Y Pang, Jane-Louise Sinclair, Vincent W T Lam, Arthur James Richardson, Henry Pleass, Emma Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Achieving primary fascial closure after damage control laparostomy can be challenging. A number of devices are in use, with none having yet emerged as best practice. In July 2013, at Westmead Hospital, we started using the abdominal reapproximation anchor (ABRA; Canica Design, Almonte, Ontario, Canada) device. We report on our experience. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for patients who had open abdomens managed with the ABRA device between July to December 2013 was done...
September 26, 2016: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659740/changes-of-cftr-functional-measurements-and-clinical-improvements-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients-with-non-p-gly551asp-gating-mutations-treated-with-ivacaftor
#13
Myriam Mesbahi, Michal Shteinberg, Michael Wilschanski, Aurelie Hatton, Thao Nguyen-Khoa, Hannah Friedman, Michael Cohen, Virginie Escabasse, Muriel Le Bourgeois, Vicenzina Lucidi, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus, Laurence Bassinet, Galit Livnat
Ivacaftor, a CFTR potentiator, has been found to improve CFTR function and clinical outcomes in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) gating mutations. We investigated the effects of ivacaftor on CFTR functional measurement in CF patients carrying gating mutations other than p.Gly551Asp. Two siblings aged 13 and 12 carrying the p.Ser549Asn mutation, two sisters (45 and 43years old) compound heterozygotes for p.Asp1152His and p.Gly1244Glu, a 37year old man homozygous for the p.Gly1244Glu mutation, and a 7year old girl with p...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640911/predictive-value-of-preoperative-serum-c-reactive-protein-for-recurrence-after-definitive-surgical-repair-of-enterocutaneous-fistula
#14
Jon S Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566038/enterocutaneous-fistula-in-patients-with-peritoneal-malignancy-following-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-incidence-management-and-outcomes
#15
Sarah J Valle, Nayef Alzahrani, Saleh Alzahrani, Thamer Bin Traiki, Winston Liauw, David L Morris
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is an effective treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from multiple origins, however is associated with increased complications compared to conventional gastrointestinal surgery. The aetiology of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) in most cases is a result of various contributing factors and therefore remains a major clinical problem, occurring in 4-34% of patients post-CRS. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and outcome of ECF following CRS/HIPEC...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522361/no-enterocutaneous-fistula-development-in-a-cohort-of-695-patients-after-incisional-hernia-repair-using-intraperitoneal-uncoated-polyproylene-mesh
#16
C D Brandi, S Roche, S Bertone, M E Fratantoni
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) developed after elective incisional hernia (IH) repair using intraperitoneal uncoated polypropylene (PPE) mesh. METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive study of a prospective cohort of patients undergoing elective IH repair using intraperitoneal uncoated PPE mesh at the Department of General Surgery of a high complexity University Hospital. RESULTS: Between January 1992 and December 2013, 695 IH repairs were performed using intraperitoneal uncoated PPE mesh...
August 13, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509701/multidetector-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-post-cholecystectomy-complications-a-tertiary-care-center-experience
#17
Ujjwal Gorsi, Pankaj Gupta, Naveen Kalra, Mandeep Kang, Rajinder Singh, Rajesh Gupta, Vikas Gupta, Niranjan Khandelwal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of multidetector computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography (CTA) in post cholecystectomy complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from December 2012 to August 2014 was performed. Eight hundred sixty consecutive patients with history of cholecystectomy (laparoscopic or open) were evaluated. After exclusion of 645 patients with normal imaging, analysis for post cholecystectomy complications was performed in 215 patients...
October 2015: Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501730/endoscopic-control-of-enterocutaneous-fistula-by-dual-intussuscepting-stent-technique
#18
George Melich, Ajit Pai, Banujan Balachandran, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, John J Park
INTRODUCTION: Large high-output enterocutaneous fistulas pose great difficulties, especially in the setting of recent surgery and compromised skin integrity. METHODS: This video demonstrates a new technique of endoscopic control of enterocutaneous fistula by using two covered overlapping stents. In brief, the two stents are each inserted endoscopically, one proximal, and the other distal to the fistula with 2 cm of each stent protruding cutaneously. Following this, the proximal stent is crimped and intussuscepted into the distal stent with an adequate overlap...
September 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499147/delayed-interventions-and-mortality-in-trauma-damage-control-laparotomy
#19
Margaret H Lauerman, Joseph Dubose, Kyle Cunningham, Brandon Bruns, Matthew Bradley, Jose Diaz, Thomas Scalea, Deborah Stein
BACKGROUND: In damage control laparotomy, operative principles include hemorrhage and contamination control. However, required components of initial damage control laparotomy are unknown, and nonemergency injury repair is sometimes delayed for resuscitation, angiography, or nonabdominal operations. The frequency and effects of delayed interventions are unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing damage control laparotomy at a single, urban trauma center was performed...
December 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494999/prognostic-value-of-presepsin-for-outcomes-and-complications-in-enterocutaneous-fistula-complicated-by-abdominal-sepsis
#20
Xiaofei Song, Yucheng Song, Yuan Yuan, Peng Zhang, Xuedong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) poses a supreme challenge for the surgeons associated with abdominal sepsis, fluid electrolyte imbalance and undernutrition. Individual prognostic stratification is pivotal in the clinical management. Presepsin is a novel biomarker showing diagnostic and prognostic value in sepsis. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of presepsin in ECF. METHODS: Consecutive patients with ECF were enrolled if diagnosed as abdominal sepsis from June 2014 to June 2015...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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