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Appropriate use criteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727672/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Alok Saurav, Aiman Smer, Muhammad S Azzouz, Abhilash Akinapelli, Mark A Williams, Venkata M Alla
PURPOSE: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (EBCR) has been demonstrated to improve functional capacity in heart failure (HF). However, there are limited data on the effect of EBCR in patients with advanced HF and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effects of EBCR on functional capacity in patients with LVAD. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for randomized studies assessing the impact of EBCR in patients following LVAD implantation compared with standard therapy (ST)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#2
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726444/local-fit-evaluation-of-structural-equation-models-using-graphical-criteria
#3
Felix Thoemmes, Yves Rosseel, Johannes Textor
Evaluation of model fit is critically important for every structural equation model (SEM), and sophisticated methods have been developed for this task. Among them are the χ2 goodness-of-fit test, decomposition of the χ2, derived measures like the popular root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) or comparative fit index (CFI), or inspection of residuals or modification indices. Many of these methods provide a global approach to model fit evaluation: A single index is computed that quantifies the fit of the entire SEM to the data...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725580/pre-biopsy-mri-as-an-adjunct-for-cancer-detection-in-men-with-elevated-psa-and-no-previous-biopsy
#4
REVIEW
Facundo Uriburu-Pizarro, Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Philippe Puech, Arnauld Villers
The role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to biopsy in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in biopsy-naïve patients has been strengthened by recent developments such as the PIRADS V2 criteria, which cover acquisition, interpretation, and reporting for clinical practice and data collection for research. Important questions on the role of prostate MRI remain: can MRI be used as a triage test before first biopsy series? Can it be used to avoid the use of systematic biopsies (SB) and instead use only targeted biopsies (TB) to MRI-suspicious lesions? Studies to evaluate image guided TB compared to SB have started to accumulate...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723504/active-surveillance-for-small-renal-masses-when-less-is-more
#5
REVIEW
Benjamin T Ristau, Alexander Kutikov, Robert G Uzzo, Marc C Smaldone
CONTEXT: A marked increase in incidentally detected small renal masses (SRMs) has occurred over the past decade. Active surveillance (AS) has emerged as an initial management option for these patients. OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine selection criteria, assess appropriate imaging modalities and surveillance frequencies, and define triggers for delayed intervention (DI) for patients on AS. (2) To describe oncologic outcomes for patients on AS protocols. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The PubMed database was queried for English language articles using the keywords "surveillance" and "renal mass" or "renal cell carcinoma" or "kidney cancer...
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723228/thermal-processing-of-live-bivalve-molluscs-for-controlling-viruses-on-the-need-for-a-risk-based-design
#6
Winy Messens, Pablo S Fernandez-Escamez, David Lees, Roland Lindqvist, Michael O'Mahony, Elisabetta Suffredini, José Cortiñas Abrahantes, Emmanouil Chantzis, Kostas Koutsoumanis
Norovirus (NoV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV) are the most important viral hazards associated with human illness following consumption of contaminated bivalve molluscs. The effectiveness of the current EU criteria for heat processing of bivalve molluscs (i.e. raising the temperature of the internal mollusc flesh to at least 90°C for a minimum of 90 seconds) was evaluated using predictive microbiology. A HAV thermal inactivation model was developed based on literature data in mollusc matrices during isothermal heat treatment...
July 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722254/determination-of-irritant-threshold-concentrations-of-multiple-tree-grass-weed-and-mould-allergens-for-intradermal-testing-of-horses-residing-in-the-southern-usa
#7
Martha J Lane, Cherie M Pucheu-Haston, Michael T Kearney, Michelle Woodward
BACKGROUND: Appropriate allergen threshold concentrations (TCs) for intradermal testing (IDT) have not been established in horses for many pollen and mould allergens. OBJECTIVES: To determine the TCs in non-allergic horses and describe the frequency of late phase reactions for 26 allergens, including trees, grasses, weeds and moulds in horses residing in the southern Unites States. ANIMALS: Twenty four clinically normal horses in the southern United States...
July 18, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721112/current-perspectives-in-the-usa-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
William L Risser, Jan M Risser, Amanda L Risser
In this review, the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are discussed from a USA perspective and the difficulties that USA adolescents face in recognizing and seeking care for PID and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are emphasized. Females aged 15-24 years have the highest incidence of cervical infection with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrheae, the principal causes of PID. PID is common in this age group. However, the incidence of PID in the USA is not known, because it is not a reportable disease, and because clinicians vary in the criteria used for the diagnosis...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720232/meta-analysis-of-the-predictive-factors-of-postpartum-fatigue
#9
Hanan A Badr, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
PURPOSE: Nearly 64% of new mothers are affected by fatigue during the postpartum period, making it the most common problem that a woman faces as she adapts to motherhood. Postpartum fatigue can lead to serious negative effects on the mother's health and the newborn's development and interfere with mother-infant interaction. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify predictive factors of postpartum fatigue and to document the magnitude of their effects using effect sizes. METHOD: We used two search engines, PubMed and Google Scholar, to identify studies that met three inclusion criteria: (a) the article was written in English, (b) the article studied the predictive factors of postpartum fatigue, and (c) the article included information about the validity and reliability of the instruments used in the research...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720040/distal-radius-fractures-aaos-appropriate-use-criteria-versus-actual-management-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#10
James C Kyriakedes, Eugene Y Tsai, Douglas S Weinberg, Charles C Yu, Harry A Hoyen, Kevin Malone, Blaine T Bafus
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine whether the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' (AAOS) Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for distal radius fractures correlates with actual treatment by orthopedic hand surgeons at a level I trauma center. METHODS: ICD-9 codes were used to retrospectively identify patients who presented with wrist fractures over 1 year. Patients with isolated distal radius fractures were evaluated using the AAOS AUC application for distal radius fractures...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719665/risk-factors-for-hospital-acquired-infections-in-teaching-hospitals-of-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-matched-case-control-study
#11
Walelegn Worku Yallew, Abera Kumie, Feleke Moges Yehuala
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infection affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. It is a major global issue for patient safety. Understanding the potential risk factors is important to appreciate the local context. A matched case control study design, which is the first of its kind in the study region, was undertaken to identify risk factors in teaching hospitals of Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. METHOD: A matched case control study design matched with age and hospital type was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719629/multiparametric-11c-acetate-positron-emission-tomography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-assessment-and-staging-of-prostate-cancer
#12
Stephan H Polanec, Piotr Andrzejewski, Pascal A T Baltzer, Thomas H Helbich, Alexander Stiglbauer, Dietmar Georg, Georgios Karanikas, Martin Susani, Wolfgang Wadsak, Markus Margreiter, Markus Mitterhauser, Peter Brader, Katja Pinker
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MP [11C]Acetate PET-MRI enables an accurate differentiation of benign and malignant prostate tumors as well as local and distant staging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive patients fulfilling the following criteria were included in this IRB-approved prospective study: elevated PSA levels or suspicious findings at digital rectal examination or TRUS; and histopathological verification. All patients underwent MP [11C]Acetate PET-MRI of the prostate performed on separate scanners with PET/CT using [11C]Acetate and 3T MP MR imaging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719278/evaluation-of-the-field-performance-of-immunocard-stat-%C3%A2-rapid-diagnostic-test-for-rotavirus-in-dadaab-refugee-camp-and-at-the-kenya-somalia-border
#13
Maurice Ope, Raymond Nyoka, Ahmed Unshur, Fredrick O Oyier, Shafe A Mowlid, Brian Owino, Steve B Ochieng, Charles I Okello, Joel M Montgomery, Burton Wagacha, Aleksandar Galev, Abdikadir Abdow, Mathew D Esona, Jacqueline Tate, David Fitter, Susan T Cookson, Balajee Arunmozhi, Nina Marano
AbstractRotavirus commonly causes diarrhea in children, leading to hospitalization and even death. Rapid diagnostic tests are feasible alternatives for determining rotavirus outbreaks in refugee camps that have inadequate laboratory capacity. We evaluated the field performance of ImmunoCard STAT!(®) Rotavirus (ICS-RV) in Dadaab Refugee Camp and at the Kenya-Somalia border. From May to December 2014, we prospectively enrolled children aged < 5 years hospitalized with acute diarrhea, defined as ≥ 3 episodes of loose stool in 24 hours for < 7 days...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718944/the-effect-of-routine-radiological-reporting-of-thyroid-incidentalomas-on-rates-of-thyroid-needle-biopsy-thyroid-surgery-and-detection-of-thyroid-malignancy
#14
J D Sinnott, R Mortimer, J Smith, E Skelton, K Drinkwater, D Lipscomb, D C Howlett
OBJECTIVE: This study looked at the effect of a changing radiology reporting policy to routinely review the thyroid gland where visible and report on any thyroid lesion, recommending further investigation as appropriate. CONTEXT: Incidentaloma is a term used to describe a lesion found on imaging unrelated to the clinical issue under investigation. There is variability in the radiological reporting of thyroid incidentalomas and conflicting recommendations as to how these lesions should be managed...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716771/an-intervention-using-gamification-to-increase-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-california-rationale-and-design-of-stick-to-it
#15
Christopher M Mejia, Daniel Acland, Raluca Buzdugan, Reva Grimball, Lauren Natoli, Mark R McGrath, Jeffrey D Klausner, Sandra I McCoy
BACKGROUND: In the United States, young men who have sex with men (YMSM) remain disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Although routine HIV/STI screening is pivotal to the timely diagnosis of HIV and STIs, initiation of appropriate treatment, and reduced onward disease transmission, repeat screening is underused. Novel interventions that incorporate elements of games, an approach known as gamification, have the potential to increase routinization of HIV/STI screening among YMSM...
July 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716559/optic-nerve-regeneration-in-mammals-regenerated-or-spared-axons
#16
REVIEW
Dietmar Fischer, Alan R Harvey, Vincent Pernet, Vance P Lemmon, Kevin K Park
Intraorbital optic nerve crush in rodents is widely used as a model to study axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system. Recent studies using appropriate genetic manipulations have revealed remarkable abilities of mature retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons to regenerate after optic nerve injury, with some studies demonstrating that axons can then go on to re-innervate a number of central visual targets with partial functional restoration. However, one confounding factor inherent to optic nerve crush injury is the potential incompleteness of the initial lesion, leaving spared axons that later on could erroneously be interpreted as regenerating distal to the injury site...
July 14, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715915/the-uses-of-outcome-measures-within-multidisciplinary-early-childhood-intervention-services-a-systematic-review
#17
Samuel Calder, Roslyn Ward, Megan Jones, Jenelle Johnston, Mary Claessen
Purpose of the article: To review the use of outcome measures, across the domains of activity, participation, and environment, within multidisciplinary early childhood intervention services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken that included four electronic databases: Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library and Cochrane Database of Systematic Review. Inclusion criteria were age 0-24 months, having or at risk of a developmental disability, in receipt of multidisciplinary early childhood intervention services, and included outcome measures across all domains of the International Classification of Functioning-Child & Youth (ICF-CY)...
July 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715605/how-to-select-a-nanosimilar
#18
Alain Astier, Amy Barton Pai, Marco Bissig, Daan J A Crommelin, Beat Flühmann, Jean-Daniel Hecq, Josefien Knoeff, Hans-Peter Lipp, Alberto Morell-Baladrón, Stefan Mühlebach
Nanomedicines in the class of nonbiological complex drugs (NBCDs) are becoming increasingly available. Up to 23 nanomedicines have been approved, and approximately 50 are in clinical development. Meanwhile, the first nanosimilars have entered the market through the generic approval pathway, but clinical differences have been observed. Many healthcare professionals may be unaware of this issue and must be informed of these clinically relevant variances. This article provides a tool for rational decision making for the inclusion of nanomedicines into the hospital formulary, including defined criteria for evaluation of substitutability or interchangeability...
July 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715426/community-effectiveness-of-pyriproxyfen-as-a-dengue-vector-control-method-a-systematic-review
#19
Dorit Maoz, Tara Ward, Moody Samuel, Pie Müller, Silvia Runge-Ranzinger, Joao Toledo, Ross Boyce, Raman Velayudhan, Olaf Horstick
BACKGROUND: Vector control is the only widely utilised method for primary prevention and control of dengue. The use of pyriproxyfen may be promising, and autodissemination approach may reach hard to reach breeding places. It offers a unique mode of action (juvenile hormone mimic) and as an additional tool for the management of insecticide resistance among Aedes vectors. However, evidence of efficacy and community effectiveness (CE) remains limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to compile and analyse the existing literature for evidence on the CE of pyriproxyfen as a vector control method for reducing Ae...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715359/attempting-to-validate-the-over-under-triage-matrix-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#20
James W Davis, Rachel C Dirks, Lawrence P Sue, Krista L Kaups
BACKGROUND: The Optimal Resources Document (ORD) mandates trauma activation based on injury mechanism, physiologic and anatomic criteria and recommends using the over/undertriage matrix (Matrix) to evaluate the appropriateness of trauma team activation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the Matrix method by comparing patients appropriately triaged with those undertriaged. We hypothesized that these two groups are different and Matrix does not discriminate the needs or outcomes of these different groups of patients...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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