Read by QxMD icon Read


Sean D Carlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Wen-Ting K Tsai, Anna M Wu
The exquisite specificity of antibodies and antibody fragments renders them excellent agents for targeted delivery of radionuclides. Radiolabeled antibodies and fragments have been successfully used for molecular imaging and radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of cell-surface targets in oncology and immunology. Protein engineering has been employed for antibody humanization essential for clinical applications, as well as optimization of important characteristics including pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and clearance...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Mark D Bartholomä
While radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for the treatment of hematological malignancies such as indolent B-cell lymphoma has proven quite successful, clinical results of RIT in solid tumors have only been moderate in the past. The reasons were manifold and can be mostly attributed to the different biological properties of solid tumors vs. hematological cancers. Furthermore, the slow clearance of the radiolabelled antibody prevents the use of radiation doses necessary to achieve clinical responses. The long biological half-life of radioimmunoconjugates results in high background levels and is the main reason for radiation related toxicities...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Giuseppe Gritti, Andrea Gianatti, Fiorella Petronzelli, Rita De Santis, Chiara Pavoni, Riccardo Lorenzo Rossi, Laura Cattaneo, Luigi Giusto Spagnoli, Silvia Ferrari, Andrea Rossi, Anna Maria Barbui, Alessandro Rambaldi
The clinical outcome of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is poor and innovative treatments are needed. Tenascin-C is a large extracellular glycoprotein not expressed under physiological conditions, but overexpressed in cancer. Aim of the study was to evaluate tenascin-C expression within pathologic tissue of T-cell NHL and determine its clinical significance. We used an immunohistochemistry approach using the anti-tenascin-C monoclonal antibody Tenatumomab in 75 systemic T-cell NHL (including 72 mature and 3 precursor T-cell NHL), and 25 primary cutaneous T-cell NHL...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Rosemery Membreno, Brendon E Cook, Kimberly Fung, Jason S Lewis, Brian M Zeglis
Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT) based on the inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) reaction between tetrazine (Tz) and trans-cyclooctene (TCO) represents a promising strategy for leveraging the affinity and specificity of antibodies without their pharmacokinetic drawbacks. Herein, we present an investigation of the in vivo efficacy and dosimetry of a PRIT strategy for colorectal carcinoma based on the ligation between a177 Lu-labeled Tz radioligand (177 Lu-DOTA-PEG7 -Tz) and a TCO-bearing immunoconjugate of the huA33 antibody (huA33-TCO)...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Marek Pruszynski, Matthias D'Huyvetter, Frank Bruchertseifer, Alfred Morgenstern, Tony Lahoutte
Human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) is overexpressed in numerous carcinomas. Nanobodies (Nbs) are the smallest antibody-derived fragments with beneficial characteristics for molecular imaging and radionuclide therapy. Therefore, HER2-targeting nanobodies could offer a valuable platform for radioimmunotherapy, especially when labeled with α-particle emitters, which provide highly lethal and localized radiation to targeted cells with minimal exposure to surrounding healthy tissues. In this study, the anti-HER2 2Rs15d-nanobody was conjugated with 2-(4-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid ( p-SCN-Bn-DOTA) and radiolabeled with an α-emitter225 Ac with a high yield (>90%) and a radiochemical purity above 95%...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Michael Rückert, Lisa Deloch, Rainer Fietkau, Benjamin Frey, Markus Hecht, Udo S Gaipl
BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy (RT) has been known for decades as a local treatment modality for malign and benign disease. In order to efficiently exploit the therapeutic potential of RT, an understanding of the immune modulatory properties of ionizing radiation is mandatory. These should be used for improvement of radioimmunotherapies for cancer in particular. METHODS: We here summarize the latest research and review articles about immune modulatory properties of RT, with focus on radiation dose and on combination of RT with selected immunotherapies...
March 2, 2018: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Soham D Puvvada, José M Guillén-Rodríguez, Jessica Yan, Lora Inclán, Kara Heard, Xavier I Rivera, Faiz Anwer, Daruka Mahadevan, Jonathan H Schatz, Daniel O Persky
BACKGROUND: Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is effective in treating relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma (FL), with durable remissions in first-line consolidation. We hypothesized that RIT with ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin®) would result in durable remissions by eliminating minimal residual disease after cytoreduction. METHODS: Patients with FL received 2 cycles of ESHAP (etoposide, methylprednisolone, cytarabine, cisplatin) every 28 days, followed by Zevalin 4-6 weeks later if there was no disease progression and bone marrow biopsy showed < 25% involvement...
February 22, 2018: Oncology
Ho Liam Pock, Teo Yi Wei Bryan, Tan Puay Hoon, Jabed Iqbal, Linn Yeh Ching, Goh Yeow Tee, Tan Kar Wai, Toh Han Chong, Ong Kong Wee, Yeoh Kheng Wei
AIM: The new radioimmunotherapeutic regime GAP15R aims to stimulate glucocorticoid-induced TNF-related protein (G) to overcome Treg suppression; add IFN-α (A) to promote inflammatory milieu; block PD1 (P) to disinhibit T effector cytotoxicity; add IL-15 (15) to enhance danger signals & T-cell expansion; and apply radiation (R) at critical time point to sustain localized inflammation. Patients & methods/materials & methods: This was tested in a murine 4T1 metastatic breast carcinoma model given GAP15R with regular monitoring of tumor volume and complications...
February 1, 2018: Immunotherapy
Benjamin B Kasten, Abhishek Gangrade, Harrison Kim, Jinda Fan, Soldano Ferrone, Cristina R Ferrone, Kurt R Zinn, Donald J Buchsbaum
INTRODUCTION: We recently validated monoclonal antibody (mAb) 376.96 as an effective carrier for targeted α-particle radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with 212Pb in ovarian cancer mouse models. In this study, we tested the binding of radiolabeled mAb 376.96 to human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells and localization in xenografts in immune-deficient mice and evaluated 212Pb-labeled 376.96 (212Pb-376.96) for PDAC therapy. METHODS: In vitro Scatchard assays assessed the specific binding of 212Pb-376...
December 24, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Lukas M Carter, Sophie Poty, Sai Kiran Sharma, Jason S Lewis
Intact antibodies and their truncated counterparts (e.g. Fab, scFv fragments) are generally exquisitely specific and selective vectors, enabling recognition of individual cancer-associated molecular phenotypes against a complex and dynamic biomolecular background. Complementary alignment of these advantages with unique properties of radionuclides is a defining paradigm in both radioimmunoimaging and radioimmunotherapy, which remain some of the most adept and promising tools for cancer diagnosis and treatment...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Leo I Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: Lancet Haematology
Paul M Barr, Hongli Li, W Richard Burack, Michael LeBlanc, Sonali M Smith, Ajay K Gopal, Justin D Floyd, Daniel O Persky, Oliver W Press, Richard I Fisher, Jonathan W Friedberg
BACKGROUND: Despite an abundance of therapeutic options, advanced-stage follicular lymphoma remains incurable. Furthermore, the ideal sequence and absolute benefit of post-induction therapy is unclear. We designed SWOG S0801 to assess the efficacy and safety of consolidative radioimmunotherapy and sequential maintenance rituximab following chemoimmunotherapy. METHODS: For this single-arm, phase 2, multicentre study, we enrolled patients aged 18 years and older with a diagnosis of stage III, IV, or bulky stage II follicular lymphoma, grades 1, 2, or 3a, who had not received previous therapy, from from 20 institutions within the United States National Cancer Institute Clinical Trials Network...
March 2018: Lancet Haematology
Kin Man Au, Ashutosh Tripathy, Carolina Pe-I Lin, Kyle Wagner, Seungpyo Hong, Andrew Z Wang, Steven I Park
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is one of the most common types of hematologic malignancies. Pretargeted radioimmunotherapy (PRIT), the sequential administration of a bispecific antibody-based primary tumor-targeting component followed by a radionucleotide-labeled treatment effector, has been developed to improve the treatment efficacy and to reduce the side effects of conventional RIT. Despite the preclinical success of PRIT, clinical trials revealed that the immunogenicity of the bispecific antibody as well as the presence of competing endogenous effector molecules often compromised the treatment...
January 23, 2018: ACS Nano
Mazyar Shadman, Hongli Li, Lisa Rimsza, John P Leonard, Mark S Kaminski, Rita M Braziel, Catherine M Spier, Ajay K Gopal, David G Maloney, Bruce D Cheson, Shaker Dakhil, Michael LeBlanc, Sonali M Smith, Richard I Fisher, Jonathan W Friedberg, Oliver W Press
Purpose SWOG S0016 was a phase III randomized study that compared the safety and efficacy of R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) with CHOP-RIT (CHOP followed by consolidation with iodine-133-tositumomab radioimmunotherapy) for previously untreated patients with follicular lymphoma. Understanding the long-term outcome of patients provides a benchmark for novel treatment regimens for FL. Patients and Methods Between 2001 and 2008, 531 previously untreated patients with FL were randomly assigned to receive either six cycles of R-CHOP or six cycles of CHOP-RIT...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Jason T Yoon, Mark S Longtine, Bernadette V Marquez-Nostra, Richard L Wahl
Radioimmunotherapies with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the B-lymphocyte antigen 20 (CD20) are effective treatments for B-cell lymphomas, but United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved radioimmunotherapies exclusively use radiolabeled murine antibodies, potentially limiting re-dosing. The FDA recently approved two unlabeled anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, obinutizumab and ofatumumab, termed "next generation" as they are humanized (obinituzumab) or fully human (ofatumumab), thus potentially allowing a greater potential for re-dosing than with previous generation anti-CD20 antibodies, including rituximab (chimeric) and tositumumab (murine) which contain more murine peptide sequences...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Lucas Basler, Aleksandra Kowalczyk, Regina Heidenreich, Mariola Fotin-Mleczek, Savas Tsitsekidis, Daniel Zips, Franziska Eckert, Stephan M Huber
BACKGROUND: Tumor metastasis and immune evasion present major challenges of cancer treatment. Radiotherapy can overcome immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments. Anecdotal reports suggest abscopal anti-tumor immune responses. This study assesses abscopal effects of radiotherapy in combination with mRNA-based cancer vaccination (RNActive®). METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were injected with ovalbumin-expressing thymoma cells into the right hind leg (primary tumor) and left flank (secondary tumor) with a delay of 4 days...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Sadaf Aghevlian, Yijie Lu, Mitchell A Winnik, David W Hedley, Raymond M Reilly
A metal-chelating polymer (MCP) with a polyglutamide (PGlu) backbone presenting on average 13 DOTA (tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid) chelators for complexing 111In or 177Lu and 10 polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains to minimize liver and spleen uptake was conjugated to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (mAb), panitumumab. Since panitumumab-MCP may be dual-labeled with 111In and 177Lu for SPECT, or radioimmunotherapy (RIT) exploiting the Auger electrons or β-particle emissions, respectively, we propose that panitumumab-MCP could be a useful theranostic agent EGFR-positive PnCa...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Anping Ji, Yuanchao Zhang, Gaochao Lv, Jianguo Lin, Ning Qi, Faquan Ji, Minghua Du
For the purpose of providing a new insights for high-efficiency radiochemotherapy of hepatoma, a radioimmunotherapy and chemotherapy combinatorial therapy albumin nanospheres 131 I-antiAFPMcAb-DOX-BSA-NPs was designed and prepared. It was obtained in a high radiolabeling yield (RLY) about 65% with the radiochemical purity (RCP) of over 98%. The transmission electron microscope (TEM) showed that the nanospheres obtained in good monodispersion with a diameter of approximately 230 nm. The doxorubicin (DOX) loading capacity of the DOX-BSA-NPs nanoparticles was determined to about 180 μg/mg and 95...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Bok-Nam Park, Su Jin Lee, Jung Hyun Roh, Kyung-Han Lee, Young-Sil An, Joon-Kee Yoon
INTRODUCTION: The potential of a radioiodine-labeled, anti-adenosine triphosphate synthase monoclonal antibody (ATPS mAb) as a theragnostic agent for simultaneous cancer imaging and treatment was evaluated. METHODS: Adenosine triphosphate synthase monoclonal antibody was labeled with radioiodine, then radiotracer uptake was measured in 6 different cancer cell lines. In vivo biodistribution was evaluated 24 and 48 hours after intravenous injection of 125I-ATPS mAb into MKN-45 tumor-bearing mice (n = 3)...
January 2017: Molecular Imaging
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"