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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732431/the-efficacy-of-oral-immunotherapy-in-patients-with-cow-s-milk-allergy
#1
Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohammad Gharagozlou, Ali Mohebbi, Nasim Hafezi, Gholamreza Azizi, Masoud Movahedi
Cow's milk allergy is the most common type of food allergy that decrease the quality of life of patients and their families. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral immunotherapy in patients with cow's milk allergy. 14 patients above 3 years of age with a history of cow's milk allergy confirmed by positive double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) test, presence of serum IgE against cow's milk and positive SPT (skin prick test) were enrolled in this study. During the immunotherapy all patients received increasing amounts of cow's milk during three phases...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#2
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731981/technology-in-strength-and-conditioning-assessing-bodyweight-squat-technique-with-wearable-sensors
#3
Martin A OʼReilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian M Caulfield
O'Reilly, MA, Whelan, DF, Ward, TE, Delahunt, E, and Caulfield, BM. Technology in strength and conditioning: assessing bodyweight squat technique with wearable sensors. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2303-2312, 2017-Strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches offer expert guidance to help those they work with achieve their personal fitness goals. However, it is not always practical to operate under the direct supervision of an S&C coach and consequently individuals are often left training without expert oversight. Recent developments in inertial measurement units (IMUs) and mobile computing platforms have allowed for the possibility of unobtrusive motion tracking systems and the provision of real-time individualized feedback regarding exercise performance...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731576/influence-of-trainee-involvement-on-procedural-characteristics-for-linear-endobronchial-ultrasound
#4
Sébastien Nguyen, Nancy Ferland, Stéphane Beaudoin, Simon Martel, Mathieu Simon, Francis Laberge, Noel Lampron, Marc Fortin, Antoine Delage
BACKGROUND: Linear endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a safe and effective method for the diagnostic sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes. However, there is a learning curve associated with the procedure and operator experience influences diagnostic yield. We sought to determine if trainee involvement during EBUS influences procedural characteristics, complication rate, and diagnostic yield. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 220 subjects who underwent an EBUS procedure at our center from December 2012 to June 2013...
July 21, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731555/who-does-nutrition-prevention-work-in-queensland-an-investigation-of-structural-and-political-workforce-reforms
#5
Helen Anna Vidgen, Meg Adam, Danielle Gallegos
AIM: This study aimed (i) to determine the change in the number of government-funded nutrition positions following structural and political reforms and (ii) to describe the remaining workforce available to do nutrition prevention work, including student placements, in Queensland. METHODS: Positions funded by the Queensland government were counted using departmental human resource data and compared with data collected 4 years earlier. Positions not funded by the government were identified using formal professional networks and governance group lists...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#6
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729009/development-of-entrustable-professional-activities-for-hospice-and-palliative-medicine-fellowship-training-in-the-united-states
#7
Lindy H Landzaat, Michael D Barnett, Gary T Buckholz, Jillian L Gustin, Jennifer M Hwang, Stacie K Levine, Tomasz Okon, Steven M Radwany, Holly B Yang, John Encandela, Laura J Morrison
CONTEXT: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) represent the key physician tasks of a specialty. Once a trainee demonstrates competence in an activity, they can then be 'entrusted' to practice without supervision(1). A physician workgroup of the American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine (AAHPM) sought to define Hospice and Palliative Medicine (HPM) EPAs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a set of consensus EPAs for HPM fellowship training in the United States...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728948/automated-gesture-tracking-in-head-fixed-mice
#8
A Giovannucci, E A Pnevmatikakis, B Deverett, T Pereira, J Fondriest, M J Brady, S S-H Wang, W Abbas, P Parés, D Masip
BACKGROUND: The preparation consisting of a head-fixed mouse on a spherical or cylindrical treadmill offers unique advantages in a variety of experimental contexts. Head fixation provides the mechanical stability necessary for optical and electrophysiological recordings and stimulation. Additionally, it can be combined with virtual environments such as T-mazes, enabling these types of recording during diverse behaviors. NEW METHOD: In this paper we present a low-cost, easy-to-build acquisition system, along with scalable computational methods to quantitatively measure behavior (locomotion and paws, whiskers, and tail motion patterns) in head-fixed mice locomoting on cylindrical or spherical treadmills...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728886/effect-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-on-supar-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Christopher Rohde, Christoffer Polcwiartek, Eivind Andersen, Torkel Vang, Jimmi Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a novel inflammatory marker, associated with lifestyle diseases and mortality risk. No studies have investigated whether physical activity may reduce suPAR levels using a randomized controlled design. DESIGN AND METHODS: suPAR and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined in blood samples from a previous randomized controlled trial with Pakistani immigrants in Norway, 2008. The study included physically inactive men that were randomized to an intervention group (supervised group exercises) or a control group and followed for 5 months...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728569/parents-and-caregivers-experiences-and-behaviours-when-eating-out-with-children-with-a-food-hypersensitivity
#10
Fiona M Begen, Julie Barnett, Miriam Barber, Ros Payne, M Hazel Gowland, Jane S Lucas
BACKGROUND: For parents and caregivers of food hypersensitive (FH) children, accommodating their child's dietary needs when eating out can be a challenging experience. This study explored caregivers' experiences and behaviours when eating out with their FH child in order to gain insights into how they support and prepare their child in negotiating safe eating out experiences. METHODS: A cross-sectional, qualitative design was used. In depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 caregivers of children with FH...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728059/iterative-variational-mode-decomposition-based-automated-detection-of-glaucoma-using-fundus-images
#11
Shishir Maheshwari, Ram Bilas Pachori, Vivek Kanhangad, Sulatha V Bhandary, U Rajendra Acharya
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of permanent vision loss. It is an ocular disorder caused by increased fluid pressure within the eye. The clinical methods available for the diagnosis of glaucoma require skilled supervision. They are manual, time consuming, and out of reach of common people. Hence, there is a need for an automated glaucoma diagnosis system for mass screening. In this paper, we present a novel method for an automated diagnosis of glaucoma using digital fundus images. Variational mode decomposition (VMD) method is used in an iterative manner for image decomposition...
June 19, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727771/randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-a-supervised-high-intensity-exercise-program-in-patients-with-a-hematologic-malignancy-treated-with-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-results-from-the-exist-study
#12
Saskia Persoon, Mai J M ChinAPaw, Laurien M Buffart, Roberto D K Liu, Pierre Wijermans, Harry R Koene, Monique C Minnema, Pieternella J Lugtenburg, Erik W A Marijt, Johannes Brug, Frans Nollet, Marie José Kersten
BACKGROUND: This single blind, multicenter randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a supervised high intensity exercise program on physical fitness and fatigue in patients with multiple myeloma or lymphoma recently treated with autologous stem cell transplantation. METHODS: 109 patients were randomly assigned to the 18-week exercise intervention or the usual care control group. The primary outcomes included physical fitness (VO2peak and Wpeak determined using a cardiopulmonary exercise test; grip strength and the 30s chair stand test) and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) and were assessed prior to randomization and after completion of the intervention or at similar time points for the control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727549/learning-and-inferring-dark-matter-and-predicting-human-intents-and-trajectories-in-videos
#13
Dan Xie, Tianmin Shu, Sinisa Todorovic, Song-Chun Zhu
This paper presents a method for localizing functional objects and predicting human intents and trajectories in surveillance videos of public spaces, under no supervision in training. People in public spaces are expected to intentionally take shortest paths (subject to obstacles) toward certain objects (e.g. vending machine, picnic table, dumpster etc.) where they can satisfy certain needs (e.g., quench thirst). Since these objects are typically very small or heavily occluded, they cannot be inferred by their visual appearance but indirectly by their influence on people's trajectories...
July 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727316/primary-inguinal-hernia-the-open-repair-today-pros-and-cons
#14
REVIEW
Giampiero Campanelli, Piero Giovanni Bruni, Andrea Morlacchi, Francesca Lombardo, Marta Cavalli
Open anterior repair for inguinal hernia offers several distinct advantages over endoscopic repair, especially when real-world effectiveness is taken into account. The learning curve for endoscopic techniques is long, whereas the Lichtenstein and other open tension-free techniques are easier to teach and replicate at all levels. The outcomes of Lichtenstein repairs for primary inguinal hernia as performed by non-experts and supervised residents are comparable to those of experts. Moreover, open tension-free repair does not require expensive instruments or dedicated equipment, other than the prosthetic mesh...
August 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727301/supervision-self-care-rare-events-and-rejection
#15
EDITORIAL
John Thorp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726443/contextualizing-risk-and-protection-perceptions-of-bedouin-mothers-from-unrecognized-villages-in-the-naqab
#16
Ibtisam Marey-Sarwan, Dorit Roer-Strier, Hiltrud Otto
This qualitative study utilizes ecological theory, a context-informed perspective, and an interactive model to study minority children, while considering structural factors, oppression, segregation, power dynamics, and awareness of the political context. It examines perceptions of risk and protection using "snowball" sampling of 33 Bedouin mothers, citizens of Israel, from the unrecognized villages (UVs) in the Naqab in Southern Israel. Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews during 2011 to 2013...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724366/predicting-progression-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-dementia-using-neuropsychological-data-a-supervised-learning-approach-using-time-windows
#17
Telma Pereira, Luís Lemos, Sandra Cardoso, Dina Silva, Ana Rodrigues, Isabel Santana, Alexandre de Mendonça, Manuela Guerreiro, Sara C Madeira
BACKGROUND: Predicting progression from a stage of Mild Cognitive Impairment to dementia is a major pursuit in current research. It is broadly accepted that cognition declines with a continuum between MCI and dementia. As such, cohorts of MCI patients are usually heterogeneous, containing patients at different stages of the neurodegenerative process. This hampers the prognostic task. Nevertheless, when learning prognostic models, most studies use the entire cohort of MCI patients regardless of their disease stages...
July 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724016/deinstitutionalization-of-long-stay-patients-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-rio-de-janeiro
#18
Paulo Roberto Fagundes da Silva, Maria Cecília de Araújo Carvalho, Maria Tavares Cavalcanti, Rodrigo Cunha Echebarrena, Adriana Santos de Mello, Catarina Magalhães Dahl, Débora Bastos de Lima, Flávia Mitkiewicz de Souza
Critical Time Intervention (CTI) is a time-limited mental health intervention offered to people with mental disorders during critical/transition periods. This study assesses the impact of CTI-BR on social performance and quality of life within a population in the process of deinstitutionalization, after long-term hospitalization in a psychiatric institution. The study population was split into two groups, one of which received CTI plus the regular care. Results showed no advantage of the intervention compared to the regular programs provided by the institution...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723614/generating-a-robust-prediction-model-for-stage-i-lung-adenocarcinoma-recurrence-after-surgical-resection
#19
Yu-Chung Wu, Nien-Chih Wei, Jung-Jyh Hung, Yi-Chen Yeh, Li-Jen Su, Wen-Hu Hsu, Teh-Ying Chou
Lung cancer mortality remains high even after successful resection. Adjuvant treatment benefits stage II and III patients, but not stage I patients, and most studies fail to predict recurrence in stage I patients. Our study included 211 lung adenocarcinoma patients (stages I-IIIA; 81% stage I) who received curative resections at Taipei Veterans General Hospital between January 2001 and December 2012. We generated a prediction model using 153 samples, with validation using an additional 58 clinical outcome-blinded samples...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723375/the-effects-of-exercise-on-fatigue-quality-of-life-and-psychological-function-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#20
REVIEW
Vishal Vashistha, Balwinder Singh, Sukhdeep Kaur, Larry J Prokop, Dharam Kaushik
CONTEXT: Conflicting data exists on the role of exercise interventions in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) regarding quality of life (QOL) endpoints. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, QOL, depression, and anxiety in PCa patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched seven major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science, and Scopus) for randomized control trials (RCTs) of supervised exercise interventions for men with PCa from database inception to October 2015...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
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